Read by QxMD icon Read

Positive psychology, mindfulness, performance

J F Serra-Pla, M Pozuelo, V Richarte, M Corrales, P Ibanez, M Bellina, R Vidal, E Calvo, M Casas, J A Ramos-Quiroga
INTRODUCTION: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a highly prevalent neurodevelopmental disorder, which presents a high comorbidity with anxiety and affective signs and symptoms. It has repercussions on the functioning of those suffering from it, who also have low therapy compliance and generate a significant cost both at a personal level and for society. Mindfulness is a psychological treatment that has proved to be effective for ADHD. Virtual reality is widely used as treatment in cases of phobias and other pathologies, with positive results...
February 24, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
Matthew M Walsh, Glenn Gunzelmann, Hans P A Van Dongen
Computational models have become common tools in psychology. They provide quantitative instantiations of theories that seek to explain the functioning of the human mind. In this paper, we focus on identifying deep theoretical similarities between two very different models. Both models are concerned with how fatigue from sleep loss impacts cognitive processing. The first is based on the diffusion model and posits that fatigue decreases the drift rate of the diffusion process. The second is based on the Adaptive Control of Thought - Rational (ACT-R) cognitive architecture and posits that fatigue decreases the utility of candidate actions leading to microlapses in cognitive processing...
February 16, 2017: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
Ida Elisabeth Højskov, Philip Moons, Niels Viggo Hansen, Søren La Cour, Peter Skov Olsen, Christian Gluud, Per Winkel, Jane Lindschou, Lau Caspar Thygesen, Ingrid Egerod, Selina Kikkenborg Berg
INTRODUCTION: Patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery often experience a range of symptoms. Studies indicate that non-pharmacological interventions such as exercise training and psychoeducation have a positive physiological and psychological effect in early outpatient rehabilitation. The SheppHeartCABG trial will investigate the effect of early comprehensive rehabilitation in early phase rehabilitation versus usual care. The aim of this paper is to present the protocol for the SheppHeartCABG trial...
January 17, 2017: BMJ Open
Ali Wadal, Tusneem Ahmed Elhassan, Hajer Ahmed Zein, Manar Elsheikh Abdel-Rahman, Ahmed Hassan Fahal
Post-operative recurrence in mycetoma after adequate medical and surgical treatment is common and a serious problem. It has health, socio-economic and psychological detrimental effects on patients and families. It is with this in mind, we set out to determine the predictors of post-operative recurrence in mycetoma. The study included 1013 patients with Madurella mycetomatis causing eumycetoma who underwent surgical excision at the Mycetoma Research Centre, Khartoum, Sudan in the period 1991-2015. The clinical records of these patients were reviewed and relevant information was collected using a pre-designed data collection sheet...
October 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Nazan Kaymaz, Yasemin Düzçeker, Mehmet Erdem Uzun, Hakan Aylanç, Meryem Baştürk, Şule Yıldırım
OBJECTIVE: Psychological state may affect the body weight through the hypothalamus and vice versa. The goal of this study is to investigate whether body mass index affect mindfulness awareness (MA) levels and type of coping with stress. METHODS: Healthy adolescents were included in the study. The mindfulness attention awareness scale (MAAS), indicating the ways of coping checklist inventory was performed and body mass index (BMI) (kg/m2) of adolescents were calculated...
October 12, 2016: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Rinske A Gotink, Karlijn S F M Hermans, Nicole Geschwind, Reinier De Nooij, Wouter T De Groot, Anne E M Speckens
The aim of this study was to explore the feasibility and effectiveness of mindful walking in nature as a possible means to maintain mindfulness skills after a mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) or mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) course. Mindful walking alongside the river Rhine took place for 1, 3, 6, or 10 days, with a control period of a similar number of days, 1 week before the mindful walking period. In 29 mindfulness participants, experience sampling method (ESM) was performed during the control and mindful walking period...
2016: Mindfulness
Di Shao, Wen Gao, Feng-Lin Cao
OBJECTIVES: The diagnosis and treatment of cancer is considered a major life stress that has potential effects on one's psychological well-being. This study investigated the possible benefits of a brief psychological intervention based on gratitude and mindfulness for positive and negative affect in patients with cervical cancer and explored the potentially mediating role of rumination and reappraisal. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted in 3 public hospitals in China between April 2014 and December 2014...
December 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
Soheila Mohamadirizi, Masoumeh Kordi
BACKGROUND: Multi-dimensional self-compassion is one of the important factors predicting fetal-maternal attachment which vary among different cultures and countries. So the aim of this study was to determine the relationship between multi-dimensional, self-compassion, and fetal-maternal attachment in the prenatal period. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried on 394 primigravida women to Mashhad Health Care Centers in with two stage sampling method (cluster-convenience) in the year 2014...
2016: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
Michele R Solloway, Stephanie L Taylor, Paul G Shekelle, Isomi M Miake-Lye, Jessica M Beroes, Roberta M Shanman, Susanne Hempel
BACKGROUND: This evidence map describes the volume and focus of Tai Chi research reporting health outcomes. Originally developed as a martial art, Tai Chi is typically taught as a series of slow, low-impact movements that integrate the breath, mind, and physical activity to achieve greater awareness and a sense of well-being. METHODS: The evidence map is based on a systematic review of systematic reviews. We searched 11 electronic databases from inception to February 2014, screened reviews of reviews, and consulted with topic experts...
2016: Systematic Reviews
Wendy T M Pots, Hester R Trompetter, Karlein M G Schreurs, Ernst T Bohlmeijer
BACKGROUND: Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) has been demonstrated to be effective in reducing depressive symptoms. However, little is known how and for whom therapeutic change occurs, specifically in web-based interventions. This study focuses on the mediators, moderators and predictors of change during a web-based ACT intervention. METHODS: Data from 236 adults from the general population with mild to moderate depressive symptoms, randomized to either web-based ACT (n = 82) or one of two control conditions (web-based Expressive Writing (EW; n = 67) and a waiting list (n = 87)), were analysed...
2016: BMC Psychiatry
(no author information available yet)
In the article “Close Relationships and Self-Regulation: How Relationship Satisfaction Facilitates Momentary Goal Pursuit” by Wilhelm Hofmann, Eli J. Finkel, and Gráinne M. Fitzsimons (Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2015, Vol. 109, No. 3, pp. 434–452., Study 2: Experimental Manipulation of SRS, the Results section, the Hypothesis testing subsection, second sentence, an incorrect t value is reported. The t value reported t(193) = 0.40, p = .084 for the self-reported goal focus should have been t(193) = 1...
April 2016: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
Apar Saoji, Sriloy Mohanty, Suhas A Vinchurkar
Medical students confront enormous academic, psychosocial, and existential stress throughout their training, leading to a cascade of consequences both physically and psychologically. The declined cognitive function of these students interferes in their academic performance and excellence. The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a yogic meditation technique, mind sound resonance technique (MSRT), on cognitive functions of University Medical students in a randomized, two-way crossover study...
February 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
Bethany Butzer, Khalique Ahmed, Sat Bir S Khalsa
Although yoga has been shown to be a viable technique for improving the performance of the mind and body, little attention has been directed to studying the relationship between yoga and the psychological states of flow and mindfulness. Musicians enrolled in a 2-month fellowship program in 2005, 2006 and 2007 were invited to participate in a yoga and meditation program. Fellows not participating in the yoga program were recruited separately as controls. All participants completed baseline and end-program questionnaires evaluating dispositional flow, mindfulness, confusion, and music performance anxiety...
June 2016: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
Sreelatha Lakshmy, Sivaprakash Balasundaram, Sukanto Sarkar, Moutusi Audhya, Eswaran Subramaniam
BACKGROUND: Physical and mental comorbidity is common and has significant implications for overall health outcomes. Psoriasis, a psychocutaneous disorder, is a classic example of mental-physical comorbidity. AIMS: In view of the impact of socio-cultural influences on mind-body interactions and the paucity of Indian research pertaining to psychiatric morbidity in psoriatic patients, this study was undertaken to measure the prevalence of anxiety and depression in patients with psoriasis, and to correlate these with severity of psoriasis and quality of life...
October 2015: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
Mahbobeh Faramarzi, Shala Yazdani, Shahnaz Barat
STUDY QUESTION: Does adding psychological intervention to medical therapy improve nausea/vomiting, psychological symptoms, and pregnancy distress in women with moderate nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP)? SUMMARY ANSWER: Three weeks of medical therapy plus psychotherapy yielded statistically and clinically significant improvements in NVP-specific symptoms, anxiety/depression symptoms, and pregnancy distress, compared with medical therapy alone. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Pregnancy with nausea/vomiting is associated with psychiatric morbidity...
December 2015: Human Reproduction
Fiorenzo Laghi, Sara Pompili, Valeria Zanna, Maria Chiara Castiglioni, Michela Criscuolo, Ilenia Chianello, Emma Baumgartner, Roberto Baiocco
INTRODUCTION: The present study aimed to investigate mindreading abilities in female adolescent patients with AN compared to healthy controls (HCs), analysing differences for emotional valence of facial stimuli. METHODS: The Eating Disorder Inventory) for evaluating psychological traits associated with eating disorders and the Children's version of the Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test for evaluating mindreading abilities were administered to 40 Italian female patients (mean age = 14...
2015: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry
Jason E Plaks, Jeffrey S Robinson
Two components of lay observers' calculus of moral judgment are proximal intent (the actor's mind is focused on performing the action) and distal intent (the actor's mind is focused on the broader goal). What causes observers to prioritize one form of intent over the other? The authors observed whether construal level (Studies 1-2) and beliefs about free will (Studies 3-4) would influence participants' sensitivity to the actor's proximal vs. distal intent. In four studies, participants read scenarios in which the actor's proximal and distal intent were independently manipulated...
2015: Frontiers in Psychology
Adoración Castro, Azucena García-Palacios, Javier García-Campayo, Fermín Mayoral, Cristina Botella, José María García-Herrera, Mari-Cruz Pérez-Yus, Margalida Vives, Rosa M Baños, Miquel Roca, Margalida Gili
BACKGROUND: Depression is one of the most common disorders in Psychiatric and Primary Care settings and is associated with significant disability and economic costs. Low-intensity psychological interventions applied by Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) could be an efficacious and cost-effective therapeutic option for the treatment of depression. The aim of this study is to assess 3 low-intensity psychological interventions applied by ICTs (healthy lifestyle, positive affect and mindfulness) in Primary Care; significant efficacy for depression treatment has previously showed in specialized clinical settings by those interventions, but ICTs were not used...
2015: BMC Psychiatry
Sara Wagner Robb, Kelsey Benson, Lauren Middleton, Christine Meyers, James R Hébert
BACKGROUND: Studies have demonstrated the potential of the Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) program to improve the condition of individuals with health outcomes such as hypertension, diabetes, and chronic pain; improve psychological well-being; reduce stress levels; and increase survival among cancer patients. To date, only one study has focused on the effect of long-term meditation on stress, showing a positive protective relationship. However, the relationship between meditation and cancer incidence remains unexplored...
2015: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Sara Wagner Robb, Kelsey Benson, Lauren Middleton, Christine Meyers, James R Hébert
BACKGROUND: Studies have demonstrated the potential of the Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) program to improve the condition of individuals with health outcomes such as hypertension, diabetes, and chronic pain; improve psychological well-being; reduce stress levels; and increase survival among cancer patients. To date, only one study has focused on the effect of long-term meditation on stress, showing a positive protective relationship. However, the relationship between meditation and cancer incidence remains unexplored...
December 2015: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"