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Positive psychology, mindfulness, performance

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29870871/assessing-stress-protective-factors-and-psychological-well-being-among-undergraduate-nursing-students
#1
Flora Xuhua He, Bev Turnbull, Marilynne N Kirshbaum, Brian Phillips, Piyanee Klainin-Yobas
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to examine predictors of psychological well-being (PWB) among nursing students at an Australian regional university. The study postulated that: stress would have a negative effect on PWB; internal factors such as self-efficacy, resilience and mindfulness would have a positive effect on PWB and, external factors like social support would have a positive effect on PWB. DESIGN: A cross sectional descriptive predictive model was used to test the study hypotheses...
May 25, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710097/effectiveness-of-universal-self-regulation-based-interventions-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Anuja Pandey, Daniel Hale, Shikta Das, Anne-Lise Goddings, Sarah-Jayne Blakemore, Russell M Viner
Importance: Childhood and adolescence self-regulation (SR) is gaining importance as a target of intervention because of mounting evidence of its positive associations with health, social and educational outcomes. Objective: To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of rigorously evaluated interventions to improve self-regulation in children and adolescents. Data Sources: Keyword searches of the PsycINFO, PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL Plus, ERIC, British Education Index, Child Development and Adolescent Studies, and CENTRAL were used to identify all studies published through July 2016...
April 16, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689081/six-year-positive-effects-of-a-mindfulness-based-intervention-on-mindfulness-coping-and-well-being-in-medical-and-psychology-students-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Michael de Vibe, Ida Solhaug, Jan H Rosenvinge, Reidar Tyssen, Adam Hanley, Eric Garland
Longitudinal research investigating the enduring impact of mindfulness training is scarce. This study investigates the six-year effects of a seven-week mindfulness-based course, by studying intervention effects in the trajectory of dispositional mindfulness and coping skills, and the association between those change trajectories and subjective well-being at six-year follow-up. 288 Norwegian medical and psychology students participated in a randomized controlled trial. 144 received a 15-hour mindfulness course over seven weeks in the second or third semester with booster sessions twice yearly, while the rest continued their normal study curricula...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560061/educator-toolkits-on-second-victim-syndrome-mindfulness-and-meditation-and-positive-psychology-the-2017-resident-wellness-consensus-summit
#4
Arlene S Chung, Jon Smart, Michael Zdradzinski, Sarah Roth, Alecia Gende, Kylie Conroy, Nicole Battaglioli
Introduction: Burnout, depression, and suicidality among residents of all specialties have become a critical focus of attention for the medical education community. Methods: As part of the 2017 Resident Wellness Consensus Summit in Las Vegas, Nevada, resident participants from 31 programs collaborated in the Educator Toolkit workgroup. Over a seven-month period leading up to the summit, this workgroup convened virtually in the Wellness Think Tank, an online resident community, to perform a literature review and draft curricular plans on three core wellness topics...
March 2018: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552350/start-making-sense-art-informing-health-psychology
#5
REVIEW
Ad A Kaptein, Brian M Hughes, Michael Murray, Joshua M Smyth
Growing evidence suggests that the arts may be useful in health care and in the training of health care professionals. Four art genres - novels, films, paintings and music - are examined for their potential contribution to enhancing patient health and/or making better health care providers. Based on a narrative literature review, we examine the effects of passive (e.g. reading, watching, viewing and listening) and active (e.g. writing, producing, painting and performing) exposure to the four art genres, by both patients and health care providers...
January 2018: Health Psychology Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475431/the-effect-of-cbt-and-its-modifications-for-relapse-prevention-in-major-depressive-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Zuojie Zhang, Lingli Zhang, Guorong Zhang, Jianing Jin, Zhenyang Zheng
BACKGROUND: The risk of relapse in major depressive disorder (MDD) is associated with high worldwide disease burden. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and its modifications might be effective in relapse prevention. The aim of this review was to evaluate the efficacy of these treatments for reducing relapse of MDD. METHODS: The retrieval was performed in the databases of MEDLINE via Pubmed, EMBASE and PsycINFO via OVID, The Cochrane Library and four Chinese databases...
February 23, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420813/sport-psychology-for-the-soldier-athlete-a-paradigm-shift
#7
Vanessa M Meyer
Background: Competitive athletes train body and mind in preparation for competition with mental fortitude often providing the "winning edge." Similarly, the current-day warfighter faces significant physical and psychological challenges and must be prepared to respond to life-threatening danger with mental and physical agility. Sport Psychology for the Soldier Athlete recognizes the soldier as an elite athlete and provides training required to perform at the highest caliber. Through this curriculum, mental skills coaching in goal setting, imagery, positive self-talk, and heart rate control is integrated into routine physical fitness training...
February 6, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338322/associations-of-mindfulness-with-depressive-symptoms-and-well-being-in-older-adults-the-moderating-role-of-neuroticism
#8
Ari J Elliot, Autumn M Gallegos, Jan A Moynihan, Benjamin P Chapman
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether observed interactions of mindfulness with the personality trait neuroticism extend to older adults and to aspects of psychological functioning other than depressive symptoms, and whether effects of mindfulness training in this population depend on levels of neuroticism. METHOD: We performed a secondary analysis of data from a randomized controlled trial of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) for community-dwelling older adults...
January 17, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332020/predictors-of-improvements-in-mental-health-from-mindfulness-meditation-in-stressed-older-adults
#9
Barry S Oken, Elena Goodrich, Daniel Klee, Tabatha Memmott, Jeffrey Proulx
Context • The benefits of a mindfulness meditation (MM) intervention are most often evidenced by improvements in self-rated stress and mental health. Given the physiological complexity of the psychological stress system, it is likely that some people benefit significantly, whereas others do not. Clinicians and researchers could benefit from further exploration to determine which baseline factors can predict clinically significant improvements from MM. Objectives • The study intended to determine (1) whether the baseline measures for participants who significantly benefitted from MM training were different from the baseline measures of participants who did not, and (2) whether a classification analysis using a decision-tree, machine-learning approach could be useful in predicting which individuals would be most likely to improve...
January 2018: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220541/yoga-for-stroke-rehabilitation
#10
REVIEW
Maggie Lawrence, Francisco T Celestino Junior, Hemilianna Hs Matozinho, Lindsay Govan, Jo Booth, Jane Beecher
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a major health issue and cause of long-term disability and has a major emotional and socioeconomic impact. There is a need to explore options for long-term sustainable interventions that support stroke survivors to engage in meaningful activities to address life challenges after stroke. Rehabilitation focuses on recovery of function and cognition to the maximum level achievable, and may include a wide range of complementary strategies including yoga.Yoga is a mind-body practice that originated in India, and which has become increasingly widespread in the Western world...
December 8, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971360/respond-don-t-react-the-influence-of-mindfulness-training-on-performance-monitoring-in-older-adults
#11
Colette M Smart, Sidney J Segalowitz
A sizeable body of literature demonstrates positive effects of mindfulness training on brain, behavior, and psychological processes in both novice and expert practitioners as compared to non-meditators. However, only more recently has research begun to examine the specific mechanisms by which mindfulness exerts these effects. In the current study, we used event-related potentials (error-related negativity (ERN), error positivity (Pe)) to test the hypothesis that performance monitoring is one such mechanism...
December 2017: Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967442/a-suicidal-mind-tends-to-maintain-less-negative-information-in-visual-working-memory
#12
Weizhen Xie, Huanhuan Li, Yingmin Zou, Xuemei Sun, Chuan Shi
The motivation to avoid psychological pain may characterize a suicidal mindset. This study examines how this motivational manifestation of suicidal ideation modulates the maintenance of affective information in visual working memory (WM). Forty-five outpatients with major depressive disorder (MDD) and twenty-five healthy participants performed visual WM change localization tasks with emotional (e.g., positive or negative schematic facial expressions) and non-emotional (e.g., colors) stimuli. The number of items that participants retained in WM (i...
April 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962853/a-minimal-dose-approach-to-resistance-training-for-the-older-adult-the-prophylactic-for-aging
#13
James P Fisher, James Steele, Paulo Gentil, Jürgen Giessing, Wayne L Westcott
A plethora of research has supported the numerous health benefits of resistance training as we age, including positive relationships between muscular strength, muscle mass and reduced all-cause mortality. As such, resistance training has been referred to as medicine. However, participation and adherence remains low, with time constraints and perceived difficulty often cited as barriers to resistance training. With this in mind, we aimed to summarise the benefits which might be obtained as a product of a minimal dose approach...
December 1, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666025/comparison-of-the-cba-h-and-sf-36-for-the-screening-of-the-psychological-and-behavioural-variables-in-chronic-dialysis-patients
#14
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Concetta De Pasquale, Daniela Conti, Maria Luisa Pistorio, Pasquale Fatuzzo, Massimiliano Veroux, Santo Di Nuovo
The aim of the study was to perform an analysis of the emotional reactions, perception of stressful life and behavioural changes related to Haemodialysis (HD) in order to identify those variables that can improve lifestyle and the adherence to treatment. Some psychometric assessment, such as the Cognitive Behavioural Assessment, Hospital Form, (CBA-H) and the Health Survey (SF-36), which provides two indexes: the Physical Component Score (PCS) and the Mental Component Score (MCS), are suitable to assess a patient's psychological and behavioural style and their health-related quality of life...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659789/a-chinese-chan-based-mind-body-intervention-improves-memory-of-older-adults
#15
Agnes S Chan, Winnie K Cheung, Michael K Yeung, Jean Woo, Timothy Kwok, David H K Shum, Ruby Yu, Mei-Chun Cheung
There is growing interest in the adoption of lifestyle interventions to remediate age-related declines in memory functioning and physical and psychological health among older adults. This study aimed to investigate whether a Chinese Chan-based lifestyle intervention, the Dejian Mind-Body Intervention (DMBI), leads to positive benefits for memory functioning in older adults. Fifty-six adults aged 60 years or older with subjective memory complaints (SMC) were randomly assigned to receive the DMBI or a control intervention (i...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507497/sense-of-coherence-as-a-protective-factor-in-chronic-urticaria
#16
Alicja Ograczyk, Joanna Miniszewska, Anna Pietrzak, Anna Zalewska-Janowska
INTRODUCTION: Chronic urticaria (CU) seems to be perceived as a psychodermatological disorder. Different psychological factors play an important role in CU triggering and course. One of them is a sense of coherence (SOC), which is believed to be a protective factor against anxiety and depression. AIM: To investigate quality of life (QoL) in CU patients and to compare selected psychological parameters (anxiety, depression and sense of coherence) between CU individuals and the control group...
April 2017: Postȩpy Dermatologii i Alergologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458125/a-systematic-mixed-methods-review-of-interventions-outcomes-and-experiences-for-midwives-and-student-midwives-in-work-related-psychological-distress
#17
REVIEW
Sally Pezaro, Wendy Clyne, Emily A Fulton
BACKGROUND: within challenging work environments, midwives and student midwives can experience both organisational and occupational sources of work-related psychological distress. As the wellbeing of healthcare staff directly correlates with the quality of maternity care, this distress must be met with adequate support provision. As such, the identification and appraisal of interventions designed to support midwives and student midwives in work-related psychological distress will be important in the pursuit of excellence in maternity care...
July 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443523/do-non-reflective-thinkers-apply-extreme-personal-meanings-to-their-activated-moods
#18
Alyson L Dodd, Matthew Haigh
BACKGROUND: The integrative cognitive model of mood swings proposes that mood symptoms are driven by extreme, self-referent appraisals. For example, if activated mood is appraised positively, this prompts selection of mood regulation strategies that act to up-regulate mood. Appraisals are driven by fast and automatic Type 1 cognitive processes, which, left unchecked, can cause activated mood to escalate. AIMS: It was hypothesized that greater propensity to override these automatic processes by engaging in reflective (Type 2) thinking would be negatively associated with extreme appraisals of activation and activation...
April 26, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256698/-treatment-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-adults-using-virtual-reality-through-a-mindfulness-programme
#19
J F Serra-Pla, M Pozuelo, V Richarte, M Corrales, P Ibanez, M Bellina, R Vidal, E Calvo, M Casas, J A Ramos-Quiroga
INTRODUCTION: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a highly prevalent neurodevelopmental disorder, which presents a high comorbidity with anxiety and affective signs and symptoms. It has repercussions on the functioning of those suffering from it, who also have low therapy compliance and generate a significant cost both at a personal level and for society. Mindfulness is a psychological treatment that has proved to be effective for ADHD. Virtual reality is widely used as treatment in cases of phobias and other pathologies, with positive results...
February 24, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210999/computational-cognitive-modeling-of-the-temporal-dynamics-of-fatigue-from-sleep-loss
#20
Matthew M Walsh, Glenn Gunzelmann, Hans P A Van Dongen
Computational models have become common tools in psychology. They provide quantitative instantiations of theories that seek to explain the functioning of the human mind. In this paper, we focus on identifying deep theoretical similarities between two very different models. Both models are concerned with how fatigue from sleep loss impacts cognitive processing. The first is based on the diffusion model and posits that fatigue decreases the drift rate of the diffusion process. The second is based on the Adaptive Control of Thought - Rational (ACT-R) cognitive architecture and posits that fatigue decreases the utility of candidate actions leading to microlapses in cognitive processing...
December 2017: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
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