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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220541/yoga-for-stroke-rehabilitation
#1
REVIEW
Maggie Lawrence, Francisco T Celestino Junior, Hemilianna Hs Matozinho, Lindsay Govan, Jo Booth, Jane Beecher
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a major health issue and cause of long-term disability and has a major emotional and socioeconomic impact. There is a need to explore options for long-term sustainable interventions that support stroke survivors to engage in meaningful activities to address life challenges after stroke. Rehabilitation focuses on recovery of function and cognition to the maximum level achievable, and may include a wide range of complementary strategies including yoga.Yoga is a mind-body practice that originated in India, and which has become increasingly widespread in the Western world...
December 8, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971360/respond-don-t-react-the-influence-of-mindfulness-training-on-performance-monitoring-in-older-adults
#2
Colette M Smart, Sidney J Segalowitz
A sizeable body of literature demonstrates positive effects of mindfulness training on brain, behavior, and psychological processes in both novice and expert practitioners as compared to non-meditators. However, only more recently has research begun to examine the specific mechanisms by which mindfulness exerts these effects. In the current study, we used event-related potentials (error-related negativity (ERN), error positivity (Pe)) to test the hypothesis that performance monitoring is one such mechanism...
October 2, 2017: Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967442/a-suicidal-mind-tends-to-maintain-less-negative-information-in-visual-working-memory
#3
Weizhen Xie, Huanhuan Li, Yingmin Zou, Xuemei Sun, Chuan Shi
The motivation to avoid psychological pain may characterize a suicidal mindset. This study examines how this motivational manifestation of suicidal ideation modulates the maintenance of affective information in visual working memory (WM). Fifty-five outpatients with major depressive disorder (MDD) and twenty-five healthy participants performed visual WM change localization tasks with emotional (e.g., positive or negative schematic facial expressions) and non-emotional (e.g., colors) stimuli. The number of items that participants retained in WM (i...
September 20, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962853/a-minimal-dose-approach-to-resistance-training-for-the-older-adult-the-prophylactic-for-aging
#4
James P Fisher, James Steele, Paulo Gentil, Jürgen Giessing, Wayne L Westcott
A plethora of research has supported the numerous health benefits of resistance training as we age, including positive relationships between muscular strength, muscle mass and reduced all-cause mortality. As such, resistance training has been referred to as medicine. However, participation and adherence remains low, with time constraints and perceived difficulty often cited as barriers to resistance training. With this in mind, we aimed to summarise the benefits which might be obtained as a product of a minimal dose approach...
December 1, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666025/comparison-of-the-cba-h-and-sf-36-for-the-screening-of-the-psychological-and-behavioural-variables-in-chronic-dialysis-patients
#5
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Concetta De Pasquale, Daniela Conti, Maria Luisa Pistorio, Pasquale Fatuzzo, Massimiliano Veroux, Santo Di Nuovo
The aim of the study was to perform an analysis of the emotional reactions, perception of stressful life and behavioural changes related to Haemodialysis (HD) in order to identify those variables that can improve lifestyle and the adherence to treatment. Some psychometric assessment, such as the Cognitive Behavioural Assessment, Hospital Form, (CBA-H) and the Health Survey (SF-36), which provides two indexes: the Physical Component Score (PCS) and the Mental Component Score (MCS), are suitable to assess a patient's psychological and behavioural style and their health-related quality of life...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659789/a-chinese-chan-based-mind-body-intervention-improves-memory-of-older-adults
#6
Agnes S Chan, Winnie K Cheung, Michael K Yeung, Jean Woo, Timothy Kwok, David H K Shum, Ruby Yu, Mei-Chun Cheung
There is growing interest in the adoption of lifestyle interventions to remediate age-related declines in memory functioning and physical and psychological health among older adults. This study aimed to investigate whether a Chinese Chan-based lifestyle intervention, the Dejian Mind-Body Intervention (DMBI), leads to positive benefits for memory functioning in older adults. Fifty-six adults aged 60 years or older with subjective memory complaints (SMC) were randomly assigned to receive the DMBI or a control intervention (i...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507497/sense-of-coherence-as-a-protective-factor-in-chronic-urticaria
#7
Alicja Ograczyk, Joanna Miniszewska, Anna Pietrzak, Anna Zalewska-Janowska
INTRODUCTION: Chronic urticaria (CU) seems to be perceived as a psychodermatological disorder. Different psychological factors play an important role in CU triggering and course. One of them is a sense of coherence (SOC), which is believed to be a protective factor against anxiety and depression. AIM: To investigate quality of life (QoL) in CU patients and to compare selected psychological parameters (anxiety, depression and sense of coherence) between CU individuals and the control group...
April 2017: Postȩpy Dermatologii i Alergologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458125/a-systematic-mixed-methods-review-of-interventions-outcomes-and-experiences-for-midwives-and-student-midwives-in-work-related-psychological-distress
#8
Sally Pezaro, Wendy Clyne, Emily A Fulton
BACKGROUND: within challenging work environments, midwives and student midwives can experience both organisational and occupational sources of work-related psychological distress. As the wellbeing of healthcare staff directly correlates with the quality of maternity care, this distress must be met with adequate support provision. As such, the identification and appraisal of interventions designed to support midwives and student midwives in work-related psychological distress will be important in the pursuit of excellence in maternity care...
April 13, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443523/do-non-reflective-thinkers-apply-extreme-personal-meanings-to-their-activated-moods
#9
Alyson L Dodd, Matthew Haigh
BACKGROUND: The integrative cognitive model of mood swings proposes that mood symptoms are driven by extreme, self-referent appraisals. For example, if activated mood is appraised positively, this prompts selection of mood regulation strategies that act to up-regulate mood. Appraisals are driven by fast and automatic Type 1 cognitive processes, which, left unchecked, can cause activated mood to escalate. AIMS: It was hypothesized that greater propensity to override these automatic processes by engaging in reflective (Type 2) thinking would be negatively associated with extreme appraisals of activation and activation...
April 26, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256698/-treatment-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-adults-using-virtual-reality-through-a-mindfulness-programme
#10
J F Serra-Pla, M Pozuelo, V Richarte, M Corrales, P Ibanez, M Bellina, R Vidal, E Calvo, M Casas, J A Ramos-Quiroga
INTRODUCTION: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a highly prevalent neurodevelopmental disorder, which presents a high comorbidity with anxiety and affective signs and symptoms. It has repercussions on the functioning of those suffering from it, who also have low therapy compliance and generate a significant cost both at a personal level and for society. Mindfulness is a psychological treatment that has proved to be effective for ADHD. Virtual reality is widely used as treatment in cases of phobias and other pathologies, with positive results...
February 24, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210999/computational-cognitive-modeling-of-the-temporal-dynamics-of-fatigue-from-sleep-loss
#11
Matthew M Walsh, Glenn Gunzelmann, Hans P A Van Dongen
Computational models have become common tools in psychology. They provide quantitative instantiations of theories that seek to explain the functioning of the human mind. In this paper, we focus on identifying deep theoretical similarities between two very different models. Both models are concerned with how fatigue from sleep loss impacts cognitive processing. The first is based on the diffusion model and posits that fatigue decreases the drift rate of the diffusion process. The second is based on the Adaptive Control of Thought - Rational (ACT-R) cognitive architecture and posits that fatigue decreases the utility of candidate actions leading to microlapses in cognitive processing...
February 16, 2017: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096255/sheppheartcabg-trial-comprehensive-early-rehabilitation-after-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-a-protocol-for-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#12
Ida Elisabeth Højskov, Philip Moons, Niels Viggo Hansen, Søren La Cour, Peter Skov Olsen, Christian Gluud, Per Winkel, Jane Lindschou, Lau Caspar Thygesen, Ingrid Egerod, Selina Kikkenborg Berg
INTRODUCTION: Patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery often experience a range of symptoms. Studies indicate that non-pharmacological interventions such as exercise training and psychoeducation have a positive physiological and psychological effect in early outpatient rehabilitation. The SheppHeartCABG trial will investigate the effect of early comprehensive rehabilitation in early phase rehabilitation versus usual care. The aim of this paper is to present the protocol for the SheppHeartCABG trial...
January 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798643/predictors-of-post-operative-mycetoma-recurrence-using-machine-learning-algorithms-the-mycetoma-research-center-experience
#13
Ali Wadal, Tusneem Ahmed Elhassan, Hajer Ahmed Zein, Manar Elsheikh Abdel-Rahman, Ahmed Hassan Fahal
Post-operative recurrence in mycetoma after adequate medical and surgical treatment is common and a serious problem. It has health, socio-economic and psychological detrimental effects on patients and families. It is with this in mind, we set out to determine the predictors of post-operative recurrence in mycetoma. The study included 1013 patients with Madurella mycetomatis causing eumycetoma who underwent surgical excision at the Mycetoma Research Centre, Khartoum, Sudan in the period 1991-2015. The clinical records of these patients were reviewed and relevant information was collected using a pre-designed data collection sheet...
October 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732559/influence-of-body-mass-index-on-mindfulness-awareness-and-coping-methods-for-stress-in-adolescents
#14
Nazan Kaymaz, Yasemin Düzçeker, Mehmet Erdem Uzun, Hakan Aylanç, Meryem Baştürk, Şule Yıldırım
OBJECTIVE: Psychological state may affect the body weight through the hypothalamus and vice versa. The goal of this study is to investigate whether body mass index affect mindfulness awareness (MA) levels and type of coping with stress. METHODS: Healthy adolescents were included in the study. The mindfulness attention awareness scale (MAAS), indicating the ways of coping checklist inventory was performed and body mass index (BMI) (kg/m2) of adolescents were calculated...
October 12, 2016: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642373/mindfulness-and-mood-stimulate-each-other-in-an-upward-spiral-a-mindful-walking-intervention-using-experience-sampling
#15
Rinske A Gotink, Karlijn S F M Hermans, Nicole Geschwind, Reinier De Nooij, Wouter T De Groot, Anne E M Speckens
The aim of this study was to explore the feasibility and effectiveness of mindful walking in nature as a possible means to maintain mindfulness skills after a mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) or mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) course. Mindful walking alongside the river Rhine took place for 1, 3, 6, or 10 days, with a control period of a similar number of days, 1 week before the mindful walking period. In 29 mindfulness participants, experience sampling method (ESM) was performed during the control and mindful walking period...
2016: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27513477/brief-psychological-intervention-in-patients-with-cervical-cancer-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Di Shao, Wen Gao, Feng-Lin Cao
OBJECTIVES: The diagnosis and treatment of cancer is considered a major life stress that has potential effects on one's psychological well-being. This study investigated the possible benefits of a brief psychological intervention based on gratitude and mindfulness for positive and negative affect in patients with cervical cancer and explored the potentially mediating role of rumination and reappraisal. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted in 3 public hospitals in China between April 2014 and December 2014...
December 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27500174/the-relationship-between-multi-dimensional-self-compassion-and-fetal-maternal-attachment-in-prenatal-period-in-referred-women-to-mashhad-health-center
#17
Soheila Mohamadirizi, Masoumeh Kordi
BACKGROUND: Multi-dimensional self-compassion is one of the important factors predicting fetal-maternal attachment which vary among different cultures and countries. So the aim of this study was to determine the relationship between multi-dimensional, self-compassion, and fetal-maternal attachment in the prenatal period. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried on 394 primigravida women to Mashhad Health Care Centers in with two stage sampling method (cluster-convenience) in the year 2014...
2016: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27460789/an-evidence-map-of-the-effect-of-tai-chi-on-health-outcomes
#18
Michele R Solloway, Stephanie L Taylor, Paul G Shekelle, Isomi M Miake-Lye, Jessica M Beroes, Roberta M Shanman, Susanne Hempel
BACKGROUND: This evidence map describes the volume and focus of Tai Chi research reporting health outcomes. Originally developed as a martial art, Tai Chi is typically taught as a series of slow, low-impact movements that integrate the breath, mind, and physical activity to achieve greater awareness and a sense of well-being. METHODS: The evidence map is based on a systematic review of systematic reviews. We searched 11 electronic databases from inception to February 2014, screened reviews of reviews, and consulted with topic experts...
2016: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27215733/how-and-for-whom-does-web-based-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-work-mediation-and-moderation-analyses-of-web-based-act-for-depressive-symptoms
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Wendy T M Pots, Hester R Trompetter, Karlein M G Schreurs, Ernst T Bohlmeijer
BACKGROUND: Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) has been demonstrated to be effective in reducing depressive symptoms. However, little is known how and for whom therapeutic change occurs, specifically in web-based interventions. This study focuses on the mediators, moderators and predictors of change during a web-based ACT intervention. METHODS: Data from 236 adults from the general population with mild to moderate depressive symptoms, randomized to either web-based ACT (n = 82) or one of two control conditions (web-based Expressive Writing (EW; n = 67) and a waiting list (n = 87)), were analysed...
May 23, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27078508/-close-relationships-and-self-regulation-how-relationship-satisfaction-facilitates-momentary-goal-pursuit-correction-to-hofmann-et-al-2015
#20
(no author information available yet)
In the article “Close Relationships and Self-Regulation: How Relationship Satisfaction Facilitates Momentary Goal Pursuit” by Wilhelm Hofmann, Eli J. Finkel, and Gráinne M. Fitzsimons (Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2015, Vol. 109, No. 3, pp. 434–452. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pspi0000020), Study 2: Experimental Manipulation of SRS, the Results section, the Hypothesis testing subsection, second sentence, an incorrect t value is reported. The t value reported t(193) = 0.40, p = .084 for the self-reported goal focus should have been t(193) = 1...
April 2016: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
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