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Psychiatry AND pharmacy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891393/improving-ambulatory-care-resident-training-preparing-for-opportunities-to-treat-mental-illness-in-the-primary-care-setting
#1
Nada M Farhat, Jolene R Bostwick, Stuart D Rockafellow
PURPOSE: The development of an outpatient psychiatry clinical practice learning experience for PGY2 ambulatory care pharmacy residents in preparation for the treatment of psychiatric disorders in the primary care setting is described. SUMMARY: With the increased prevalence of psychiatric disorders, significant mortality, and limited access to care, integration of mental health treatment into the primary care setting is necessary to improve patient outcomes. Given the majority of mental health treatment occurs in the primary care setting, pharmacists in patient-centered medical homes (PCMHs) are in a unique position with direct access to patients to effectively manage these illnesses...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827857/psychiatry-and-clinical-pharmacy-a-logical-partnership
#2
EDITORIAL
Christopher P Alderman, Jisha M Lucca
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790490/expanding-the-health-care-pipeline-through-innovation-the-mcw-model
#3
John R Raymond, Cheryl A Maurana, Joseph E Kerschner
In 2016, the Association of American Medical Colleges projected a physician shortage in the United States of approximately 90,000; in the same year, the Wisconsin Hospital Association projected a shortage of 2,000 physicians in Wisconsin. The Medical College of Wisconsin has begun to address these shortages in three ways: 1) creation of immersive regional medical school campuses in Green Bay and Central Wisconsin, in partnership with rural serving health systems; 2) creation of rural-based psychiatry and family medicine residency programs in Green Bay and central Wisconsin; and 3) expansion of the scope of practice of pharmacists through creation of a new School of Pharmacy in collaboration with the Medical College of Wisconsin School of Medicine...
2017: Transactions of the American Clinical and Climatological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636480/the-emerging-role-of-pimavanserin-in-the-management-of-parkinson-s-disease-psychosis
#4
Neal Hermanowicz, Gustavo Alva, Fernando Pagan, Alberto J Espay, Amita Patel, Katya Cruz Madrid, Daniel Kremens, Jim Kenney, Sheila Arquette, Gary Tereso, Maria Lopes, Carolyn Farnum
A panel of experts drawn from neurology, psychiatry, geropsychiatry, geriatrics, and pharmacy representatives of 3 health plans convened in New York City on July 30, 2016, with the objective of sharing opinions, ideas, and information regarding the optimal management of Parkinson's disease psychosis (PDP). Three key points emerged from the discussion: (1) Because of the nature of Parkinson's disease and PDP, finding appropriate treatment can prove challenging; (2) emerging therapies may present an opportunity for effective disease management; and (3) moving forward, provider and patient education regarding PDP and available treatment options is essential for well-managed symptoms and better quality of life...
June 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629301/discrepancies-identified-through-a-telephone-based-student-led-initiative-for-medication-reconciliation-in-ambulatory-psychiatry
#5
Marie E Albano, Jolene R Bostwick, Kristen M Ward, Thomas Fluent, Hae Mi Choe
PURPOSE: To identify the number of medication discrepancies following establishment of a telephone-based, introductory pharmacy practice experience student-driven, medication reconciliation service for new patients in an ambulatory psychiatry clinic. Secondarily, to identify factors impacting medication discrepancies to better target medication profiles to reconcile and to evaluate whether the implementation of a call schedule effected clinic no-show rates. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of a telephone-based medication reconciliation service from June 2014 to January 2016...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612089/the-intensive-care-delirium-research-agenda-a-multinational-interprofessional-perspective
#6
REVIEW
Pratik P Pandharipande, E Wesley Ely, Rakesh C Arora, Michele C Balas, Malaz A Boustani, Gabriel Heras La Calle, Colm Cunningham, John W Devlin, Julius Elefante, Jin H Han, Alasdair M MacLullich, José R Maldonado, Alessandro Morandi, Dale M Needham, Valerie J Page, Louise Rose, Jorge I F Salluh, Tarek Sharshar, Yahya Shehabi, Yoanna Skrobik, Arjen J C Slooter, Heidi A B Smith
Delirium, a prevalent organ dysfunction in critically ill patients, is independently associated with increased morbidity. This last decade has witnessed an exponential growth in delirium research in hospitalized patients, including those critically ill, and this research has highlighted that delirium needs to be better understood mechanistically to help foster research that will ultimately lead to its prevention and treatment. In this invited, evidence-based paper, a multinational and interprofessional group of clinicians and researchers from within the fields of critical care medicine, psychiatry, pediatrics, anesthesiology, geriatrics, surgery, neurology, nursing, pharmacy, and the neurosciences sought to address five questions: (1) What is the current standard of care in managing ICU delirium? (2) What have been the major recent advances in delirium research and care? (3) What are the common delirium beliefs that have been challenged by recent trials? (4) What are the remaining areas of uncertainty in delirium research? (5) What are some of the top study areas/trials to be done in the next 10 years? Herein, we briefly review the epidemiology of delirium, the current best practices for management of critically ill patients at risk for delirium or experiencing delirium, identify recent advances in our understanding of delirium as well as gaps in knowledge, and discuss research opportunities and barriers to implementation, with the goal of promoting an integrated research agenda...
June 13, 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595685/implementing-psychopharmacology-rounds-in-a-nursing-facility-to-improve-antipsychotic-usage
#7
Evan Sasson, Marian James, Berhane Wubshet, Darko Todorov, Henry Cohen
OBJECTIVES: Evaluate whether implementing of pharmacy-led psychopharmacology rounds in a nursing facility will improve the rate of antipsychotic use. DESIGN: Single-center, prospective; medication use evaluation (MUE). SETTING: Rutland Nursing Home, Brooklyn, New York. PARTICIPANTS: Nursing facility residents, excluding the pediatric unit. INTERVENTIONS: Weekly interdisciplinary psychopharmacology rounds that include: clinical pharmacists, nurse managers, medical director, social workers, and administration...
June 1, 2017: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539104/development-of-collaborative-drug-therapy-management-and-clinical-pharmacy-services-in-an-outpatient-psychiatric-clinic
#8
Ashley Tewksbury, Kevin M Bozymski, Laura Ruekert, Cheen Lum, Elizabeth Cunningham, Frank Covington
Collaborative drug therapy management (CDTM) is a written agreement that allows a pharmacist to initiate, modify, or continue pharmacotherapies under a physician's scope of practice. While available literature pertaining to cardiometabolic and respiratory CDTM services is growing, publications are sparse in psychiatry, particularly outside Veterans Health Administration medical centers. A descriptive study was undertaken to demonstrate how a board-certified psychiatric pharmacist would begin organizing a protocol for clinical pharmacy services at an outpatient, community treatment center for mental health and substance abuse disorders...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297075/decrease-in-statewide-antipsychotic-prescribing-after-implementation-of-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-consultation-services
#9
Rebecca P Barclay, Robert B Penfold, Donna Sullivan, Lauren Boydston, Julia Wignall, Robert J Hilt
OBJECTIVE: To learn if a quality of care Medicaid child psychiatric consultation service implemented in three different steps was linked to changes in statewide child antipsychotic utilization. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: Washington State child psychiatry consultation program primary data and Medicaid pharmacy division antipsychotic utilization secondary data from July 1, 2006, through December 31, 2013. STUDY DESIGN: Observational study in which consult program data were analyzed with a time series analysis of statewide antipsychotic utilization...
April 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164355/analysis-of-the-appropriateness-of-off-label-antipsychotic-use-for-mental-health-indications-in-a-veteran-population
#10
Jacob T Painter, Richard Owen, Kathy L Henderson, Mark S Bauer, Dinesh Mittal, Teresa J Hudson
STUDY OBJECTIVE: A substantial proportion of antipsychotic (AP) use in veterans is for nonapproved indications (i.e., off-label prescribing). Not all off-label use is necessarily detrimental to patients, however, and in certain situations, off-label prescribing could be considered justifiable. The objective of this study was to determine the extent to which off-label AP prescribing in a veteran population was potentially appropriate. DESIGN: Expert panel and retrospective analysis...
April 2017: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919878/pharmacy-residency-training-measured-through-a-standardized-knowledge-test
#11
Amy N Thompson, Brian P McKinzie, Jason S Haney, Jean M Nappi, Nicole Pilch
PURPOSE: The use of a standardized knowledge test to assess postgraduate year 1 (PGY1) pharmacy residency training was evaluated. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of a prospectively administered exam. A bank of questions was developed by preceptors from each of the core rotation disciplines: general medicine (including ambulatory care and oncology), pediatrics, critical care (including transplantation), drug information, operations, practice management, and psychiatry...
December 15, 2016: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27411937/changes-in-utilisation-of-antiepileptic-drugs-in-epilepsy-and-non-epilepsy-disorders-a-pharmacoepidemiological-study-and-clinical-implications
#12
Arton Baftiu, Cecilie Johannessen Landmark, Ida Rudberg Rusten, Silje Andrea Feet, Svein I Johannessen, Pål G Larsson
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate changes in utilisation of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) in epilepsy and non-epilepsy disorders in Norway and furthermore to study the retention rates of the most commonly used AEDs in these indications in long-term use. METHODS: The data consisted of all prescriptions of AEDs from Norwegian pharmacies in the Norwegian Prescription Database (NorPD) (2004-2012). Variables included anonymous data regarding age, gender, diagnosis specific reimbursement codes and utilisation of AEDs...
October 2016: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26986622/pharmacist-medication-reviews-to-improve-safety-monitoring-in-primary-care-patients
#13
Casey E Gallimore, Dimmy Sokhal, Elizabeth Zeidler Schreiter, Amanda R Margolis
OBJECTIVE: Patients prescribed psychotropic medications within primary care are at risk of suboptimal monitoring. It is unknown whether pharmacists can improve medication safety through targeted monitoring of at risk populations. Access Community Health Centers implemented a quality improvement pilot project that included pharmacists on an integrated care team to provide medication reviews for patients. Aims were to determine whether inclusion of a pharmacist performing medication reviews within a primary care behavioral health (PCBH) practice is feasible and facilitates safe medication use...
June 2016: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26889839/antipsychotic-use-in-hospitalized-adults-rates-indications-and-predictors
#14
Shoshana J Herzig, Michael B Rothberg, Jamey R Guess, Jennifer P Stevens, John Marshall, Jerry H Gurwitz, Edward R Marcantonio
OBJECTIVES: To investigate patterns and predictors of use of antipsychotics in hospitalized adults. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Academic medical center. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 18 and older hospitalized from August 2012 to August 2013, excluding those admitted to obstetrics and gynecology or psychiatry or with a psychotic disorder. MEASUREMENTS: Use was ascertained from pharmacy charges...
February 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26725672/-the-pharmacist-as-gatekeeper-of-prescription-drug-abuse-return-to-community-scientists
#15
REVIEW
Takuya Shimane
  The non-medical use or abuse of prescription drugs, including benzodiazepines, is a growing health problem in Japan. An association between prescription drug overdose and suicide risk has also been reported. The Japanese Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare has expected pharmacists to act as "gatekeepers", facilitating early identification of individuals at high risk of prescription drug abuse including overdose, supplying medication counseling to patients, and helping to introduce these patients to appropriate medical care...
2016: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26672504/-research-in-psychopharmacology
#16
Alejandro Ferrero
Research in psychopharmacology began around 1950 with the description of antipsychotic effect of chlorpromazine followed shortly later with the mechanism of action of antidepressants. In these initial phases, pharmacy industry was open to knowledge and made efforts tending to the development to new drugs that showed efficacy and good safety profiles. In parallel development of theories attempting to find the etiology of psychiatric disorders acquired impulse. This review summarizes the new drugs for the treatment of psychiatric disorders currently under development and also presents a short list of the main biomarkers proposed for the diagnosis or the comprehension of the etiopathogeny in Psychiatry...
July 2015: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26440506/big-data-are-coming-to-psychiatry-a-general-introduction
#17
Scott Monteith, Tasha Glenn, John Geddes, Michael Bauer
Big data are coming to the study of bipolar disorder and all of psychiatry. Data are coming from providers and payers (including EMR, imaging, insurance claims and pharmacy data), from omics (genomic, proteomic, and metabolomic data), and from patients and non-providers (data from smart phone and Internet activities, sensors and monitoring tools). Analysis of the big data will provide unprecedented opportunities for exploration, descriptive observation, hypothesis generation, and prediction, and the results of big data studies will be incorporated into clinical practice...
December 2015: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26286077/del-fine-a-new-tool-for-assessing-the-delirogenic-properties-of-drugs-of-relevance-for-european-pharmacotherapy
#18
Birgit Böhmdorfer, Sonja Rohleder, Martin Wawruch, T J M van der Cammen, Thomas Frühwald, Christian Jagsch, Susanne Melitta Maria Janowitz, Marietta Nagano, Mirko Petrovic, Ulrike Sommeregger, Bernhard Iglseder
This article presents a list of potentially delirogenic properties of drugs that are currently of relevance to drug therapy in Europe, which was created through a Delphi process including experts from professions relevant to diagnosis and treatment of delirium. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 5 (DSM 5) defines delirium as a disturbance in attention, awareness and cognition that develops over a short period of time and fluctuates. Possible causes of delirium are manifold: usually delirium is considered to develop in a multifactorial way, caused by inalterable parameters, such as advanced age and pre-existing cognitive impairment and precipitated by modifiable parameters, such as the use of certain drugs or substance withdrawal...
July 2016: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26035190/longitudinal-examination-of-the-skeletal-effects-of-selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitors-and-risperidone-in-boys
#19
Chadi A Calarge, Trudy L Burns, Janet A Schlechte, Babette S Zemel
OBJECTIVE: In a previous cross-sectional study, we found lower bone mass during treatment with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and risperidone in youths. Here, we evaluate the skeletal effects of these psychotropics at follow-up. METHOD: Between April 2005 and July 2011, medically healthy 7- to 17-year-old males treated with risperidone for 6 months or more were enrolled through child psychiatry outpatient clinics and returned for follow-up 1.5 years later...
May 2015: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25652810/thiamine-prescribing-practices-within-university-affiliated-hospitals-a-multicenter-retrospective-review
#20
MULTICENTER STUDY
Gregory S Day, Safiya Ladak, Kevin Curley, Norman A S Farb, Paul Masiowski, Tamara Pringsheim, Michael Ritchie, Alexandra Cheung, Sandy Jansen, Linda Methot, Heather L Neville, Duane Bates, Donna Lowe, Natasha Fernandes, Alexandre Ferland, C Martin del Campo
BACKGROUND: Patients with suspected thiamine deficiency should receive treatment with parenteral thiamine to achieve the high serum thiamine levels necessary to reverse the effects of deficiency and to circumvent problems with absorption common in the medically ill. OBJECTIVE: To quantify rates of parenteral administration of thiamine across university-affiliated hospitals and to identify factors associated with higher rates of parenteral prescribing. DESIGN: Multicenter, retrospective observational study of thiamine prescriptions...
April 2015: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
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