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Jérémy Danna, Delphine Massendari, Benjamin Furnari, Stéphanie Ducrot
Two eye-movement experiments were conducted to examine the effects of font type on the recognition of words presented in central vision, using a variable-viewing-position technique. Two main questions were addressed: (1) Is the optimal viewing position (OVP) for word recognition modulated by font type? (2) Is the cursive font more appropriate than the printed font in word recognition in children who exclusively write using a cursive script? In order to disentangle the role of perceptual difficulty associated with the cursive font and the impact of writing habits, we tested French adults (Experiment 1) and second-grade French children, the latter having exclusively learned to write in cursive (Experiment 2)...
June 13, 2018: Acta Psychologica
Anna K Laurinavichyute, Irina A Sekerina, Svetlana Alexeeva, Kristine Bagdasaryan, Reinhold Kliegl
This article introduces a new corpus of eye movements in silent reading-the Russian Sentence Corpus (RSC). Russian uses the Cyrillic script, which has not yet been investigated in cross-linguistic eye movement research. As in every language studied so far, we confirmed the expected effects of low-level parameters, such as word length, frequency, and predictability, on the eye movements of skilled Russian readers. These findings allow us to add Slavic languages using Cyrillic script (exemplified by Russian) to the growing number of languages with different orthographies, ranging from the Roman-based European languages to logographic Asian ones, whose basic eye movement benchmarks conform to the universal comparative science of reading (Share, 2008)...
June 15, 2018: Behavior Research Methods
William Bennett, Kirk Smith, Quasar Jarosz, Tracy Nolan, Walter Bosch
Reusable, publicly available data is a pillar of open science and rapid advancement of cancer imaging research. Sharing data from completed research studies not only saves research dollars required to collect data, but also helps insure that studies are both replicable and reproducible. The Cancer Imaging Archive (TCIA) is a global shared repository for imaging data related to cancer. Insuring the consistency, scientific utility, and anonymity of data stored in TCIA is of utmost importance. As the rate of submission to TCIA has been increasing, both in volume and complexity of DICOM objects stored, the process of curation of collections has become a bottleneck in acquisition of data...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
Mariët J van Duren-Koopman, Jim P Tol, Max Dahele, Ewa Bucko, Philip Meijnen, Ben J Slotman, Wilko F Verbakel
PURPOSE: Breast cancer patients who require locoregional lymph node (LLN) irradiation can be treated using a hybrid RapidArc technique combining 2 tangential and 3 RapidArc fields. Because the creation of hybrid RapidArc plans is complex and labor-intensive, we developed an automated treatment planning workflow using the scripting application programming interface of the Eclipse treatment planning system. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Fifteen patients (5 right- and 10 left-sided) previously treated with breast + LLN radiation therapy were replanned using the script...
March 26, 2018: Practical Radiation Oncology
Eugène J F M Custers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
Stuart Lubarsky, Valérie Dory, Sarkis Meterissian, Carole Lambert, Robert Gagnon
INTRODUCTION: In a script concordance test (SCT), examinees are asked to judge the effect of a new piece of clinical information on a proposed hypothesis. Answers are collected using a Likert-type scale (ranging from -2 to +2, with '0' indicating no effect), and compared with those of a reference panel of 'experts'. It has been argued, however, that SCT may be susceptible to the influences of gaming and guesswork. This study aims to address some of the mounting concern over the response process validity of SCT scores...
June 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
Stefan Muckenhuber, Hanne Sagen
Three GPS trackers have been deployed on sea ice in Fram Strait collecting GPS positions between 7th July 2016 until 10th September 2016 with an interval between 5 and 30 min. For an easy understanding and usage, corresponding satellite images and python scripts are added to the GPS data.
June 2018: Data in Brief
Peng Qi, Davis Gimode, Dipnarayan Saha, Stephan Schröder, Debkanta Chakraborty, Xuewen Wang, Mathews M Dida, Russell L Malmberg, Katrien M Devos
BACKGROUND: Research on orphan crops is often hindered by a lack of genomic resources. With the advent of affordable sequencing technologies, genotyping an entire genome or, for large-genome species, a representative fraction of the genome has become feasible for any crop. Nevertheless, most genotyping-by-sequencing (GBS) methods are geared towards obtaining large numbers of markers at low sequence depth, which excludes their application in heterozygous individuals. Furthermore, bioinformatics pipelines often lack the flexibility to deal with paired-end reads or to be applied in polyploid species...
June 15, 2018: BMC Plant Biology
Shuyan Yang, Elsie Yan, Xue Bai
BACKGROUND: The subject of sexuality in older adults has remained grossly understudied in China, despite the country having the largest older population in the world. OBJECTIVE: Guided by the Sexual Script Theory and the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB), this study used path analysis to test an integrated path model for sexual activity with sexual interest as a mediator. METHODS: Survey data was collected from a representative sample of 688 community-dwelling older Chinese adults aged 60 or above residing in Tianjin, China...
June 1, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Brittany Steelman
PURPOSE: This paper will acquaint the psychiatric nurse with attachment theory-based therapy through a narrative of post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) treatment of a Vietnam veteran with a history of compound trauma in childhood. DESIGN AND METHODS: Application of attachment-based therapy is discussed within the context of its guiding principles and tenets. FINDINGS: Attachment-based therapy is effective in reducing PTSD symptoms in a Vietnam veteran through forming secure base scripts from which the patient better evaluated and managed stressors, resulting in improved life functioning...
June 13, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Sven C Vogel, Chris M Biwer, David H Rogers, James P Ahrens, Robert E Hackenberg, Drew Onken, Jianzhong Zhang
A tool named Cinema:Debye-Scherrer to visualize the results of a series of Rietveld analyses is presented. The multi-axis visualization of the high-dimensional data sets resulting from powder diffraction analyses allows identification of analysis problems, prediction of suitable starting values, identification of gaps in the experimental parameter space and acceleration of scientific insight from the experimental data. The tool is demonstrated with analysis results from 59 U-Nb alloy samples with different compositions, annealing times and annealing temperatures as well as with a high-temperature study of the crystal structure of CsPbBr3 ...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Applied Crystallography
Rafael Vieira Coelho, Scheila de Avila E Silva, Sergio Echeverrigaray, Ana Paula Longaray Delamare
This paper presents a prediction of Bacillus subtilis promoters using a Support Vector Machine system. In the literature, there is a lack of information on Gram-positive bacterial promoter sequences compared to Gram-negative bacteria. Promoter sequence identification is essential for studying gene expression. Initially, we collected the B. subtilis genome sequence from the NCBI database, and promoters were identified by their sigma factors in the DBTBS database. We then grouped the promoters according to 15 factors in 2 domains, corresponding to sigma 54 and sigma 70 of Gram-negative bacteria...
August 2018: Data in Brief
Victoria L Banyard, Katie M Edwards, Elizabeth A Moschella, Katherine M Seavey
Social support is key to well-being for victims of intimate partner violence (IPV), and bystanders have an important role to play in preventing IPV by taking action when there is risk for violence. The current study used qualitative interviews to explore young adults' perspectives on helping in situations of IPV, and more general helping, in the rural communities in which they resided. Participants were 74 individuals between the ages of 18 and 24 years from 16 rural counties across the eastern United States...
May 1, 2018: Violence Against Women
Ross Coomber, Leah Moyle, Vendula Belackova, Tom Decorte, Pekka Hakkarainen, Andrew Hathaway, Karen Joe Laidler, Simon Lenton, Sheigla Murphy, John Scott, Michaela Stefunkova, Katinka van de Ven, Marieke Vlaemynck, Bernd Werse
BACKGROUND: It is now commonly accepted that there exists a form of drug supply, that involves the non-commercial supply of drugs to friends and acquaintances for little or no profit, which is qualitatively different from profit motivated 'drug dealing proper'. 'Social supply', as it has become known, has a strong conceptual footprint in the United Kingdom, shaped by empirical research, policy discussion and its accommodation in legal frameworks. Though scholarship has emerged in a number of contexts outside the UK, the extent to which social supply has developed as an internationally recognised concept in criminal justice contexts is still unclear...
June 8, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
Lily A Brown, Carolyn D Davies, Alexander Gerlach, Ruth Cooper, Stephan Stevens, Michelle G Craske
While several empirically supported treatments for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have been developed, these treatments are neither widely available nor universally efficacious. This pilot, proof of concept study evaluated a computerized imaginal exposure Script-Driven Imagery Training (SDI-T) for individuals with elevated trauma reactivity. The training was supplemented with two forms of linguistic processing, affect labeling (SDI-T + AL) and distraction (SDI-T + D), to determine whether linguistic inhibitory regulation augmented the effects of SDI-T...
June 4, 2018: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
Richard Johansen, Richard Beck, Jakub Nowosad, Christopher Nietch, Min Xu, Song Shu, Bo Yang, Hongxing Liu, Erich Emery, Molly Reif, Joseph Harwood, Jade Young, Dana Macke, Mark Martin, Garrett Stillings, Richard Stumpf, Haibin Su
This study evaluated the performances of twenty-nine algorithms that use satellite-based spectral imager data to derive estimates of chlorophyll-a concentrations that, in turn, can be used as an indicator of the general status of algal cell densities and the potential for a harmful algal bloom (HAB). The performance assessment was based on making relative comparisons between two temperate inland lakes: Harsha Lake (7.99 km2 ) in Southwest Ohio and Taylorsville Lake (11.88 km2 ) in central Kentucky. Of interest was identifying algorithm-imager combinations that had high correlation with coincident chlorophyll-a surface observations for both lakes, as this suggests portability for regional HAB monitoring...
June 2018: Harmful Algae
M S Pedersen, U Fahnøe, T A Hansen, A G Pedersen, H Jenssen, J Bukh, K Schønning
BACKGROUND: The current treatment options for hepatitis C virus (HCV), based on direct acting antivirals (DAA), are dependent on virus genotype and previous treatment experience. Treatment failures have been associated with detection of resistance-associated substitutions (RASs) in the DAA targets of HCV, the NS3, NS5A and NS5 B proteins. OBJECTIVE: To develop a next generation sequencing based method that provides genotype and detection of HCV NS3, NS5A, and NS5 B RASs without prior knowledge of sample genotype...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
Andréa Cronemberger Rufino, Alberto Madeiro, Adriana Silva Trinidad, Raiza Rodrigues Dos Santos, Isadora Freitas
BACKGROUND: Evidence shows that women who have sex with women (WSW) face disparities in access to health care when compared to heterosexual women in several countries. AIM: To investigate the experiences WSW have after disclosure of sexual orientation during gynecological care in Brazil. METHODS: We performed a qualitative study using content analysis. We recorded and transcribed interviews with 34 WSW from the 5 regions in Brazil. Data were analyzed using descriptive content analysis...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
Andrea Stocco, Brianna L Yamasaki, Chantel S Prat
This article describes the data analyzed in the paper "Individual differences in the Simon effect are underpinned by differences in the competitive dynamics in the basal ganglia: An experimental verification and a computational model" (Stocco et al., 2017) [1]. The data includes behavioral results from participants performing three cognitive tasks (Probabilistic Stimulus Selection (Frank et al., 2004) [2], Simon task (Craft and Simon, 1970) [3], and Automated Operation Span (Unsworth et al., 2005) [4]), as well as simulationed traces generated by a computational neurocognitive model that accounts for individual variations in human performance across the tasks...
April 2018: Data in Brief
Kirsten A Dalrymple, Marie D Manner, Katherine A Harmelink, Elayne P Teska, Jed T Elison
The quantitative assessment of eye tracking data quality is critical for ensuring accuracy and precision of gaze position measurements. However, researchers often report the eye tracker's optimal manufacturer's specifications rather than empirical data about the accuracy and precision of the eye tracking data being presented. Indeed, a recent report indicates that less than half of eye tracking researchers surveyed take the eye tracker's accuracy into account when determining areas of interest for analysis, an oversight that could impact the validity of reported results and conclusions...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
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