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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351499/graduate-speech-language-pathology-students-initial-self-perceptions-of-skills-critical-for-interprofessional-practice
#1
Courtney Karasinski, Janine L Schmedding-Bartley
Interprofessional collaborative practice is critical for quality service delivery. Given the limited research on speech-language pathology (SLP) students' interprofessional knowledge and skills, this investigation assessed graduate SLP students' self-perceived interprofessional competence and their perceptions of roles of other professionals. Fifty-eight SLP students completed two validated surveys at the beginning of the first or second semester of graduate school. Collectively, the students rated themselves positively on communication, teamwork, attitudes toward interprofessional learning, and professional relationships...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351495/implementing-prehospital-evidence-based-guidelines-a-systematic-literature-review
#2
Jennifer N Fishe, Remle P Crowe, Rebecca E Cash, Nikiah G Nudell, Christian Martin-Gill, Christopher T Richards
OBJECTIVE: As prehospital research advances, more evidence-based guidelines (EBGs) are implemented into emergency medical services (EMS) practice. However, incomplete or suboptimal prehospital EBG implementation may hinder improvement in patient outcomes. To inform future efforts, this study's objective was to review existing evidence pertaining to prehospital EBG implementation methods. METHODS: This study was a systematic literature review and evaluation following the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) methodology...
January 19, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351373/a-facile-space-confined-solid-phase-sulfurization-strategy-for-growth-of-high-quality-ultrathin-molybdenum-disulfide-single-crystals
#3
Dawei Li, Zhiyong Xiao, Sai Mu, Fei Wang, Ying Liu, Jingfeng Song, Xi Huang, Lijia Jiang, Jun Xiao, Lei Liu, Stephen Ducharme, Bai Cui, Xia Hong, Lan Jiang, Jean-Francois Silvain, Yongfeng Lu
Single-crystal transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) and TMD-based hetero-junctions have recently attracted significant research and industrial interest owing to their intriguing optical and electrical properties. However, the lack of a simple, low-cost, environmentally friendly, synthetic method and a poor understanding of the growth mechanism post a huge challenge to implementing TMDs in practical applications. In this work, we developed a novel approach for direct formation of high-quality, monolayer and few-layer MoS2 single crystal domains via a single-step rapid thermal processing of a sandwiched reactor with sulfur and molybdenum (Mo) film in a confined reaction space...
January 19, 2018: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350997/realizing-the-mass-public-benefit-of-evidence-based-psychological-therapies-the-iapt-program
#4
David M Clark
Empirically supported psychological therapies have been developed for many mental health conditions. However, in most countries only a small proportion of the public benefit from these advances. The English Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT) program aims to bridge the gap between research and practice by training over 10,500 new psychological therapists in empirically supported treatments and deploying them in new services for the treatment of depression and anxiety disorders. Currently IAPT treats over 560,000 patients per year, obtains clinical outcome data on 98...
January 19, 2018: Annual Review of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350974/use-of-simulation-based-training-to-aid-in-implementing-complex-health-technology
#5
Veffa Devers
Clinicians are adult learners in a complex environment that historically does not invest in training in a way that is conducive to these types of learners. Adult learners are independent, self-directed, and goal oriented. In today's fast-paced clinical setting, a practical need exists for nurses and clinicians to master the technology they use on a daily basis, especially as medical devices have become more interconnected and complex. As hospitals look to embrace new technologies, medical device companies must provide clinical end-user training...
January 2018: Biomedical Instrumentation & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350552/role-strain-part-2-perceptions-among-athletic-trainers-employed-in-the-professional-practice-setting
#6
Manual G Romero, William A Pitney, Stephanie M Mazerolle, Kirk Brumels
CONTEXT:   Athletic trainers (ATs) employed in the professional sports setting (ATPSSs) demonstrate moderate to high degrees of role strain. The experiences and perceptions of these ATs provide insight regarding the sources of role strain as well as ways to reduce it. OBJECTIVE:   To investigate the perceptions of ATPSSs regarding role strain. DESIGN:   Qualitative study. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS:   From a purposeful sampling of 389 ATs employed in the 5 major sport leagues (Major League Baseball, Major League Soccer, National Basketball Association, National Football League, and National Hockey League), we identified 34 participants willing to participate in a phone interview...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350549/abiraterone-acetate-and-its-use-in-the-treatment-of-metastatic-prostate-cancer-a-review
#7
Orazio Caffo, Antonello Veccia, Stefania Kinspergher, Francesca Maines
Abiraterone acetate, which targets enzymatic complexes playing a central role in steroidogenesis, demonstrated to increase survival significantly in both chemo-naive and docetaxel pretreated, becoming one of the drugs of choice for metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. More recently, this agent in combination to androgen deprivation therapy demonstrated to be efficacious also in metastatic castration-sensitive prostate cancer. The present review is aimed to outline the clinical development of abiraterone acetate, the pivotal trials which led to its approval for the clinical practice, new evidence about its efficacy in metastatic castration-sensitive prostate cancer, its place in the therapeutic landscape of prostate cancer and future directions of development...
January 19, 2018: Future Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350318/father-absence-social-networks-and-maternal-ratings-of-child-health-evidence-from-the-2013-social-networks-and-health-information-survey-in-mexico
#8
Heather B Edelblute, Claire E Altman
Objectives To bridge the literature on the effect of father absence, international migration, and social networks on child health, we assess the association between father absence and maternal ratings of child poor health (MCPH). Next we test whether social networks of immediate and extended kin mediate the relationship between fathers' absence and MCPH. Methods Nested logistic regression models predicting MCPH are estimated using the 2013 Social Networks and Health Information Survey, collected in a migrant-sending community in Guanajuato, Mexico...
January 19, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350192/size-dependent-young-s-modulus-in-zno-nanowires-with-strong-surface-atomic-bonds
#9
Shiwen Fan, Sheng Bi, Qikun Li, Qinglei Guo, Junshan Liu, Zhongliang Ouyang, Chengming Jiang, Jinhui Song
Mechanical properties of size-dependent nanowires are important in nano-electro-mechanical systems (NEMS), and have attracted much research interest. It is desperate to characterize the size effect of nanowires at atmosphere directly to broaden its practical application instead of in high vacuum situation as reported previously. In this study, we systematically studied the Young's modulus of vertical ZnO nanowires at atmosphere. The diameters range from 48nm to 287 nm, with resonance method by non-contact atomic force microscopy (AFM)...
January 19, 2018: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350083/from-a-fair-game-to-a-form-of-covert-research-research-ethics-committee-members-differing-notions-of-consent-and-potential-risk-to-participants-within-social-media-research
#10
R A Hibbin, G Samuel, G E Derrick
Social media (SM) research presents new challenges for research ethics committees (RECs) who must balance familiar ethical principles with new notions of public availability. This article qualitatively examines how U.K. REC members view this balance in terms of risk and consent. While it found significant variance overall, there were discernible experience-based trends. REC members with less experience of reviewing SM held inflexible notions of consent and risk that could be categorized as either relying on traditional notions of requiring direct consent, or viewing publicly available data as "fair game...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics: JERHRE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349829/physicians-perspective-on-the-clinical-meaningfulness-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-trial-results-an-international-organization-for-the-study-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-ioibd-survey
#11
P Olivera, W J Sandborn, J Panés, C Baumann, G D'Haens, S Vermeire, S Danese, L Peyrin-Biroulet
BACKGROUND: Several novel compounds are being developed for inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). In addition, biosimilar drugs are being approved. An increasing number of head-to-head, superiority and non-inferiority trials in patients with IBD are expected in the future. The clinical relevance of the magnitude of the effect size is often debated. AIM: To better understand physicians' perspectives on the clinical meaningfulness of IBD trial results. METHODS: We conducted an online survey among all IOIBD (International Organization for the Study of Inflammatory Bowel Diseases) members, asking their opinion on the clinical relevance of the results of IBD trials...
January 19, 2018: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349812/drug-promotion-practices-a-review
#12
Nilan T Jacob
Over the years, the pharmaceutical industry has been at the forefront of research and innovation in drug discovery and development. The process of drug discovery extending from pre-clinical studies to multi-centric clinical trials and post-marketing phase is a costly affair running into billions of dollars. On the flip side, not all investigational molecules clear the trial phases and get approved; which puts pressure on the manufacturers to maximise the profit from approved drugs. It is in this key area, the practice of drug promotion plays its role...
January 18, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349350/a-comparison-of-the-effects-of-epinephrine-and-xylometazoline-in-decreasing-nasal-bleeding-during-nasotracheal-intubation
#13
Jaegyok Song
Background: Various techniques have been introduced to decrease complications during nasotracheal intubation. A common practice is to use nasal packing with a cotton stick and 0.01% epinephrine jelly. However, this procedure can be painful to patients and can damage the nasal mucosa. Xylometazoline spray can induce effective vasoconstriction of the nasal mucosa without direct nasal trauma. In this study, we aimed to compare the efficacy of these two methods. Methods: Patients were randomly allocated into two groups (n = 40 each): xylometazoline spray group or epinephrine packing group...
December 2017: Journal of Dental Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347997/openbiodiv-o-ontology-of-the-openbiodiv-knowledge-management-system
#14
Viktor Senderov, Kiril Simov, Nico Franz, Pavel Stoev, Terry Catapano, Donat Agosti, Guido Sautter, Robert A Morris, Lyubomir Penev
BACKGROUND: The biodiversity domain, and in particular biological taxonomy, is moving in the direction of semantization of its research outputs. The present work introduces OpenBiodiv-O, the ontology that serves as the basis of the OpenBiodiv Knowledge Management System. Our intent is to provide an ontology that fills the gaps between ontologies for biodiversity resources, such as DarwinCore-based ontologies, and semantic publishing ontologies, such as the SPAR Ontologies. We bridge this gap by providing an ontology focusing on biological taxonomy...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Semantics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347917/does-different-information-disclosure-on-placebo-control-affect-blinding-and-trial-outcomes-a-case-study-of-participant-information-leaflets-of-randomized-placebo-controlled-trials-of-acupuncture
#15
Soyeon Cheon, Hi-Joon Park, Younbyoung Chae, Hyangsook Lee
BACKGROUND: While full disclosure of information on placebo control in participant information leaflets (PILs) in a clinical trial is ethically required during informed consent, there have been concerning voices such complete disclosures may increase unnecessary nocebo responses, breach double-blind designs, and/or affect direction of trial outcomes. Taking an example of acupuncture studies, we aimed to examine what participants are told about placebo controls in randomized, placebo-controlled trials, and how it may affect blinding and trial outcomes...
January 18, 2018: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347857/mulberry-leaves-and-their-potential-effects-against-cardiometabolic-risks-a-review-of-chemical-compositions-biological-properties-and-clinical-efficacy
#16
Thanchanit Thaipitakwong, Surawej Numhom, Pornanong Aramwit
CONTEXT: Cardiometabolic risks are regarded as the crucial factors associated with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Regarding an increased attention to medicinal plants in the current healthcare system, the effects of mulberry (Morus spp., Moraceae) leaves on cardiometabolic risks have been consecutively considered in scientific research. OBJECTIVE: The present review compiles and summarizes the chemical compositions, biological properties and clinical efficacy of mulberry leaves that are related to the amelioration of cardiometabolic risks...
December 2018: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347833/how-should-we-understand-family-centred-care
#17
Suzanne Uniacke, Tamara Kayali Browne, Linda Shields
What is family-centred care of a hospitalized child? A critical understanding of the concept of family-centred care is necessary if this widely preferred model is to be differentiated from other health care ideals and properly evaluated as appropriate to the care of hospitalized children. The article identifies distinguishable interpretations of family-centred care that can pull health professionals in different, sometimes conflicting directions. Some of these interpretations are not qualitatively different from robust interpretations of the ideals of parental participation, care-by-parent and partnership in care that are said to be the precursors of family-centred care...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347599/energy-decay-in-a-tapped-granular-column-can-a-one-dimensional-toy-model-provide-insight-into-fully-three-dimensional-systems
#18
C R K Windows-Yule, D L Blackmore, A D Rosato
The decay of energy within particulate media subjected to an impulse is an issue of significant scientific interest, but also one with numerous important practical applications. In this paper, we study the dynamics of a granular system exposed to energetic impulses in the form of discrete taps from a solid surface. By considering a one-dimensional toy system, we develop a simple theory, which successfully describes the energy decay within the system following exposure to an impulse. We then extend this theory so as to make it applicable also to more realistic, three-dimensional granular systems, assessing the validity of the model through direct comparison with discrete particle method simulations...
October 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347576/multiscale-granger-causality
#19
Luca Faes, Giandomenico Nollo, Sebastiano Stramaglia, Daniele Marinazzo
In the study of complex physical and biological systems represented by multivariate stochastic processes, an issue of great relevance is the description of the system dynamics spanning multiple temporal scales. While methods to assess the dynamic complexity of individual processes at different time scales are well established, multiscale analysis of directed interactions has never been formalized theoretically, and empirical evaluations are complicated by practical issues such as filtering and downsampling...
October 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347468/hypernetted-chain-like-closure-of-ornstein-zernike-equation-in-multibody-dissipative-particle-dynamics
#20
Chao-Jie Mo, Li-Zi Qin, Li-Jun Yang
We have derived a hypernetted-chain-like (HNC-like) approximate closure of the Ornstein-Zernike equation for multibody dissipative particle dynamics (MDPD) system in which the classic closures are not directly practicable. We first point out that the Percus's method is applicable to MDPD system in which particles interact with a density-dependent potential. And then an HNC-like closure is derived using Percus's idea and the saddle-point approximation of particle free energy. This HNC-like closure is compared with results of previous researchers, and in many cases, it demonstrates better agreement with computer simulation results...
October 2017: Physical Review. E
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