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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743164/decisions-to-attend-and-drink-at-party-events-the-effects-of-incentives-and-disincentives-and-lifetime-alcohol-and-antisocial-problems
#1
Peter R Finn, Kyle Gerst, Allison Lake, Tim Bogg
BACKGROUND: Alcohol use disorders are associated with patterns of impulsive/risky decision making on behavioral economic decision tasks, but little is known about the factors affecting drinking-related decisions. METHODS: The effects of incentives and disincentives to attend and drink at hypothetical alcohol-related party events as a function of lifetime (LT) alcohol and antisocial problems were examined in a sample of 434 young adults who varied widely in LT alcohol and antisocial problems...
July 25, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743138/-iso-9001-2015-certification-in-quality-management
#2
Christian Enders, Gabriele E Lang, Gerhard K Lang, Jens Ulrich Werner
Quality management improves the structures, processes and results of organizations of all kinds. Many practices and clinics have their existing quality management system certified according to ISO 9001, (e.g., to check their own quality management system or to obtain a testimonial against third parties). The latest version ISO 9001:2015 contains some changes, both structurally and in terms of content. These changes can be met with reasonable efforts. An ISO 9001:2015 certification represents a value for your organization, but these advantages are often not directly measurable...
July 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742955/bayesian-one-step-ipd-network-meta-analysis-of-time-to-event-data-using-royston-parmar-models
#3
Suzanne C Freeman, James R Carpenter
Network meta-analysis (NMA) combines direct and indirect evidence from trials to calculate and rank treatment estimates. While modelling approaches for continuous and binary outcomes are relatively well developed, less work has been done with time-to-event outcomes. Such outcomes are usually analysed using Cox proportional hazard (PH) models. However, in oncology with longer follow-up time, and time-dependent effects of targeted treatments, this may no longer be appropriate. Network meta-analysis conducted in the Bayesian setting has been increasing in popularity...
July 25, 2017: Research Synthesis Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742770/role-of-the-perioperative-surgical-home-in-optimizing-the-perioperative-use-of-opioids
#4
Thomas R Vetter, Zeev N Kain
Several federal agencies have recently noted that the United States is in the midst of an unprecedented "opioid epidemic," with an increasing number of opioid-related overdoses and deaths. Providers currently face 3 population-level, public health challenges in providing optimal perioperative pain care: (1) the continued lack of overall improvement in the excessive incidence of inadequately treated postoperative pain, (2) minimizing or preventing postoperative opioid-related side effects, and (3) addressing current opioid prescribing patterns, and the accompanying problematic surge in prescription opioid diversion, misuse, abuse, addiction, and overdose...
July 24, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742288/supporting-and-empowering-direct-care-nurses-to-promote-ebp-an-example-of-evidence-based-policy-development-education-and-practice-change
#5
Amy Hagedorn Wonder, Emily K Martin, Kathryn Jackson
This column shares the best evidence-based strategies and innovative ideas on how to facilitate the learning and implementation of EBP principles and processes by clinicians as well as nursing and interprofessional students. Guidelines for submission are available at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1741-6787.
August 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742132/theory-and-development-of-biplanar-active-shim-coils-for-a-permanent-nmr-analyzer
#6
Tian Xia, Zhiying Miao, Shanshan Chen, Hongzhi Wang, Yefeng Yao
The general expression for magnetic induction in the z axis direction is derived from magnetic scalar potential, and magnetic induction for biplanar shimming coils (BSCs) is also derived from magnetic vector potentials and Green functions, which simultaneously include Sin and Cos harmonic fields. The relationship between these expressions is discussed, and we show they are partially consistent. Magnetic induction generated Sin and Cos stream functions, which are presented and discussed, and we conclude that the type of stream function determines the type of harmonic field, and that BSCs can not only generate specific harmonic fields directly using Cos stream function, but also generate the rest of the harmonic fields through some specific operations...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742051/cooperative-tracking-of-networked-agents-with-a-high-dimensional-leader-qualitative-analysis-and-performance-evaluation
#7
Guanghui Wen, Tingwen Huang, Wenwu Yu, Yuanqing Xia, Zhi-Wei Liu
Cooperative consensus tracking and its L²-gain performance is investigated in this paper for a class of multiple agent systems (MASs) in the presence of a single high-dimensional leader. Compared with the traditional models for MASs, the inherent dynamics of the leader are allowed to be different with those of the followers in the present framework, which is thus much more favorable in various practical applications. A new kind of distributed controllers associated with a reduced-order state observer are designed for each follower to track the high-dimensional leader under directed switching topology...
July 21, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741648/american-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-in-infancy-and-childhood
#8
REVIEW
Alberto E Paniz-Mondolfi, Carolina Talhari, María F García Bustos, Tamara Rosales, Wilmer E Villamil-Gomez, Marilianna Marquez, Alexandra M Pérez Alvarez, Alejandra I Tálamo Sánchez, Alfonso J Rodriguez-Morales
Infant and young child skin diseases are among the most common features of morbidity throughout the tropics. Because the skin is directly exposed to the environment, it is considerably affected by climatic and local conditions such as vectors and microorganisms, as in the case of leishmaniasis. In America the observed magnitude of cutaneous leishmaniasis in children has led to the study of increased risk of exposure of this group due to the possibility of peri- and intradomiciliary transmission. The present review pretends to make a concrete approach all through the broad and main figures of this parasitic disease, including the clinical, physiopathological, epidemiological, diagnostic, and therapeutic aspects, in order to be used as a practical source of reference for pediatricians leading with tropical cutaneous pathology in the region...
July 25, 2017: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741597/motion-compensation-for-cone-beam-ct-using-fourier-consistency-conditions
#9
Martin Berger, Yan Xia, Wolfgang Aichinger, Katrin Mentl, Mathias Unberath, Andre Aichert, Christian Riess, Joachim Hornegger, Rebecca Fahrig, Andreas Konrad Maier
In cone-beam CT, involuntary patient motion and inaccurate or irreproducible scanner motion substantially degrades image quality. To avoid artifacts this motion needs to be estimated and compensated during image reconstruction. In previous work we showed that Fourier Consistency Conditions (FCC) can be used in fan-beam CT to estimate motion in the sinogram domain. This work extends the FCC to 3-D cone-beam CT. We derive an efficient cost function to compensate for 3-D motion using 2-D detector translations...
July 25, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741414/the-decline-of-laparoendoscopic-single-site-surgery-a-survey-of-the-endourological-society-to-identify-shortcomings-and-guidance-for-future-directions
#10
Igor Sorokin, Noah E Canvasser, Brian Irwin, Riccardo Autorino, Evangelos N Liatsikos, Jeffrey A Cadeddu, Abhay Rane
INTRODUCTION: To analyze the most recent temporal trends in the adoption of urologic laparoendoscopic single-site (LESS), to identify the perceived limitations associated with its decline, and to determine factors that might revive the role of LESS in the field of minimally invasive urological surgery. METHODS: A 15 question survey was created and sent to members of the Endourological Society in September 2016. Only members who performed LESS procedures in practice were asked to respond...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741113/approaches-to-prevent-bleeding-associated-with-anticoagulants-current-status-and-recent-developments
#11
REVIEW
Manu Thomas Kalathottukaren, Charles A Haynes, Jayachandran N Kizhakkedathu
Anticoagulants are widely used for the prophylaxis and treatment of cardiovascular disorders and to prevent blood clotting during surgeries. However, the major limitation associated with anticoagulant therapy is bleeding; all the current anticoagulants do have a bleeding risk. The propensity to bleed is much higher among the elderly population and patients with renal insufficiency. Therefore, there is an utmost and urgent clinical need for a highly efficient, nontoxic antidote with excellent anticoagulant reversal activity...
July 24, 2017: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740848/patient-characteristics-and-clinical-outcomes-with-low-dose-dabigatran
#12
Ramin Ebrahimi, Janet K Han, Seung H Goe, Michelle Treadwell, Zenaida Feliciano
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Dabigatran, an oral direct thrombin inhibitor, is used in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation to reduce thromboembolic events. Whereas the 150 mg dosing regimen has been extensively studied in clinical setting, to date, there is no clinical data on the 75 mg (low dose, "LD") regimen. In this study, we evaluated patient characteristics and clinical outcomes in 49 patients treated with LD dabigatran. METHODS: Electronic medical records were utilized to compare patients from one medical center treated with LD dabigatran to those from the warfarin arm of the RE-LY trial...
2017: Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740454/genetic-counselling-brca1-2-status-and-clinico-pathologic-characteristics-of-patients-with-ovarian-cancer-before-50-years-of-age
#13
Mirjam Cvelbar, Marko Hocevar, Srdjan Novakovic, Vida Stegel, Andraz Perhavec, Mateja Krajc
BACKGROUND: In Slovenia like in other countries, till recently, personal history of epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) has not been included among indications for genetic counselling. Recent studies reported up to 17% rate of germinal BRCA1/2 mutation (gBRCA1/2m) within the age group under 50 years at diagnosis. The original aim of this study was to invite to the genetic counselling still living patients with EOC under 45 years, to offer gBRCA1/2m testing and to perform analysis of gBRCA1/2m rate and of clinico-pathologic characteristics...
June 2017: Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740393/current-evidence-for-the-use-of-c-mac-videolaryngoscope-in-adult-airway-management-a-review-of-the-literature
#14
REVIEW
Fu-Shan Xue, Hui-Xian Li, Ya-Yang Liu, Gui-Zhen Yang
The C-MAC videolaryngoscope is the first Macintosh-typed videolaryngoscope. Since the advent of its original version video Macintosh system in 1999, this device has been modified several times. A unique feature of C-MAC device is its ability to provide the 2 options of direct and video laryngoscopy with the same device. The available evidence shows that in patients with normal airways, C-MAC videolaryngoscope compared with direct laryngoscopy can provide comparable or better laryngeal views and exerts less force on maxillary incisors, but does not offer conclusive benefits with regard to intubation time, intubation success, number of intubation attempts, the use of adjuncts, and hemodynamic responses to intubation...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739724/therapeutic-role-of-mir-140-5p-for-the-treatment-of-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#15
Valentina Flamini, Wen G Jiang, Yuxin Cui
BACKGROUND/AIM: Lung cancer is the second most common cancer in both men and women, after prostate and breast cancer, respectively. There are two main types of primary lung cancer, non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), which accounts for approximately 85-90% of all lung cancer cases, and small cell lung cancer (SCLC), which accounts for the other 10-15% of lung cancers. MiRNAs are small molecules that post-transcriptionally regulate many genes and contribute to many disease aetiologies, including tumours...
August 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739577/common-pitfalls-and-mistakes-in-the-set-up-analysis-and-interpretation-of-results-in-network-meta-analysis-what-clinicians-should-look-for-in-a-published-article
#16
Anna Chaimani, Georgia Salanti, Stefan Leucht, John R Geddes, Andrea Cipriani
OBJECTIVE: Several tools have been developed to evaluate the extent to which the findings from a network meta-analysis would be valid; however, applying these tools is a time-consuming task and often requires specific expertise. Clinicians have little time for critical appraisal, and they need to understand the key elements that help them select network meta-analyses that deserve further attention, optimising time and resources. This paper is aimed at providing a practical framework to assess the methodological robustness and reliability of results from network meta-analysis...
July 24, 2017: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738982/safe-practice-recommendations-for-the-use-of-copy-forward-with-nursing-flow-sheets-in-hospital-settings
#17
Emily S Patterson, Dawn M Sillars, Nancy Staggers, Esther Chipps, Laurie Rinehart-Thompson, Valerie Moore, Debora Simmons, Susan D Moffatt-Bruce
BACKGROUND: In early 2016 the Partnership for Health IT Patient Safety released safe practice recommendations for the use of copy-paste for electronic health record (EHR) documentation. These recommendations do not directly address nurses' use of copy-forward to document patient assessments in flow sheet software in hospital settings. Similar to clinicians' use of copy-paste and copy-forward with progress notes, concerns exist about patient safety issues from the use of potential inaccurate or outdated information to achieve increased efficiency of documentation...
August 2017: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738443/urethral-injection-therapy-for-urinary-incontinence-in-women
#18
REVIEW
Vivienne Kirchin, Tobias Page, Phil E Keegan, Kofi Om Atiemo, June D Cody, Samuel McClinton, Patricia Aluko
BACKGROUND: Urinary incontinence imposes a significant health and economic burden to society. Periurethral or transurethral injection of bulking agents is a minimally invasive surgical procedure used as one the surgical treatments of stress urinary incontinence (SUI) in adult women. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of periurethral or transurethral injection therapy on the cure or improvement of urinary incontinence in women. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Incontinence Group Specialised Trials Register (searched 8 November 2010) and the reference lists of relevant articles...
July 25, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738388/updated-friedman-staging-system-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#19
Michael Friedman, Anna M Salapatas, Lauren B Bonzelaar
In the practice of sleep medicine, the first step is identification of those patients at high risk for sleep apnea. Nearly every physician and every hospital has preferred methods of screening. Many patient questionnaires or surveys as well as some objective physical measurements have been suggested to predict the presence of sleep apnea. Screening is well established, and laboratory and home testing are widely available. An early assessment with a physical examination can help direct treatment planning. The Friedman tongue position, lingual tonsil hypertrophy grading, and the effects of oral positioning on the hypopharynx should be used in early assessment for treatment planning, and as screening tools to assess the sight of obstruction...
2017: Advances in Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738352/future-perspectives-in-sleep-surgery
#20
Michael Friedman, Anna M Salapatas, Lauren B Bonzelaar
Over the past few decades there has been a significant increase in research focusing on the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment of sleep apnea. However, there is still a long way to go in creating standard evidence-based medical practice for the diagnosis, evaluation, and treatment of sleep apnea patients. Current and future directions of sleep surgery and other treatments are discussed here.
2017: Advances in Oto-rhino-laryngology
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