keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

ADT

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930802/ap39-a-mitochondria-targeting-hydrogen-sulfide-h2-s-donor-protects-against-myocardial-reperfusion-injury-independently-of-salvage-kinase-signalling
#1
Qutuba G Karwi, Julia Bornbaum, Kerstin Boengler, Roberta Torregrossa, Matthew Whiteman, Mark E Wood, Rainer Schulz, Gary F Baxter
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: H2 S protects myocardium against ischaemia-reperfusion injury. This protection may involve the cytosolic reperfusion injury salvage kinase (RISK) pathway, but direct effects on mitochondrial function are possible. Here, we investigated the potential cardioprotective effect of mitochondria-specific H2 S donor, AP39, at reperfusion against ischaemia/reperfusion injury. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: Anaesthetised rats underwent myocardial (30 min ischaemia/120 min reperfusion) with randomisation to receive interventions prior to reperfusion: vehicle, AP39 (0...
December 8, 2016: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924136/prognostic-value-of-inflammation-in-prostate-cancer-progression-and-response-to-therapeutic-a-critical-review
#2
REVIEW
Alessandro Sciarra, Alessandro Gentilucci, Stefano Salciccia, Federico Pierella, Flavio Del Bianco, Vincenzo Gentile, Ida Silvestri, Susanna Cattarino
Prostate is an immune-competent organ normally populated by inflammatory cells. Prostatic inflammation origin can be multi-factorial and there are some emerging evidences on its possible role as a factor involved in prostate cancer (PC) pathogenesis and progression. This review critically analyzes the role of inflammation as a prognostic factor for progression and aggressiveness of PC. We verified the last 10 years literature data on the association between inflammation and PC aggressiveness, or PC response to therapies...
2016: Journal of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913096/a-sensitive-and-accurate-lc-ms-ms-assay-with-the-derivatization-of-1amino4methylpiperazine-applied-to-serum-allopregnanolone-pregnenolone-and-androsterone-in-pre-and-postmenopausal-women
#3
Yuyong Ke, Renaud Gonthier, Fernand Labrie
The concentrations of allopregnanolone (Allopreg), pregnenolone (Preg) and androsterone (ADT) are very low in the circulation, especially in postmenopausal women, resulting in a considerable challenge for their accurate measurements in serum or plasma. In this report, a sensitive and reliable LC-MS/MS assay method has been developed using a simple sample preparation and the 1-Amino-4-methylpiperazine (AMP) derivatization procedure. A 5pg/ml (0.1pg on column) of low limit of quantitation has been achieved for Allopreg, Preg and ADT, with a sensitivity comparable to data obtained with the commercial reagent...
November 29, 2016: Steroids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910803/the-prognostic-and-predictive-value-of-tmprss2-erg-gene-fusion-and-erg-protein-expression-in-prostate-cancer-biopsies
#4
Kasper Drimer Berg
BACKGROUND: The clinical course of prostate carcinoma (PCa) is very heterogeneous. Consequently, a personalised approach for risk stratification and treatment planning is important. Recently, it has become evident that PCa, also at the genomic level, is heterogeneous. An early and common alteration is the gene fusion between the transmembrane protease serine 2 (TMPRSS2) gene and the v-ets avian erythroblastosis virus E26 oncogene homolog (ERG) gene resulting in expression of the oncoprotein ERG...
December 2016: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898031/inherited-variants-in-wnt-pathway-genes-influence-outcomes-of-prostate-cancer-patients-receiving-androgen-deprivation-therapy
#5
Jiun-Hung Geng, Victor C Lin, Chia-Cheng Yu, Chao-Yuan Huang, Hsin-Ling Yin, Ta-Yuan Chang, Te-Ling Lu, Shu-Pin Huang, Bo-Ying Bao
Aberrant Wnt signaling has been associated with many types of cancer. However, the association of inherited Wnt pathway variants with clinical outcomes in prostate cancer patients receiving androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) has not been determined. Here, we comprehensively studied the contribution of common single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in Wnt pathway genes to the clinical outcomes of 465 advanced prostate cancer patients treated with ADT. Two SNPs, adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) rs2707765 and rs497844, were significantly (p ≤ 0...
November 26, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897410/androgen-deprivation-causes-selective-deficits-in-the-biomechanical-leg-muscle-function-of-men-during-walking-a-prospective-case-control-study
#6
Ada S Cheung, Hans Gray, Anthony G Schache, Rudolf Hoermann, Daryl Lim Joon, Jeffrey D Zajac, Marcus G Pandy, Mathis Grossmann
BACKGROUND: Although muscle mass declines with testosterone deficiency in men, previous studies of muscle function have not demonstrated consistent deficits, likely due to relatively insensitive methodology. Our objective was to determine the effects of testosterone deprivation on the biomechanical function of individual lower-limb muscles. METHODS: We conducted a 12-month prospective, observational case-control study of 34 men newly commencing androgen deprivation treatment (ADT) for prostate cancer and 29 age-matched prostate cancer controls...
August 2, 2016: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892725/investigational-serine-threonine-kinase-inhibitors-against-prostate-cancer-metastases
#7
Claudio Festuccia
INTRODUCTION: Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) is used as first therapeutic approach in prostate cancer (PCa) although castration resistant disease (CRPC) develops with high frequency. CRPC is the consequence of lack of apoptotic responses to ADT. Alternative targeting of the androgen axis with abiraterone and enzalutamide, as well as taxane-based chemotherapy were used in CRPC. Serine/threonine protein kinases (STKs) regulate different molecular pathways of normal and neoplastic cells and participate to development of CRPC as well as to the progression towards a bone metastatic disease (mCRPC)...
November 28, 2016: Expert Opinion on Investigational Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892543/functional-and-structural-signatures-of-the-anterior-insula-are-associated-with-risk-taking-tendency-of-analgesic-decision-making
#8
Chia-Shu Lin, Hsiao-Han Lin, Shih-Yun Wu
In a medical context, decision-making is associated with complicated assessment of gains, losses and uncertainty of outcomes. We here provide novel evidence about the brain mechanisms underlying decision-making of analgesic treatment. Thirty-six healthy participants were recruited and completed the Analgesic Decision-making Task (ADT), which quantified individual tendency of risk-taking (RPI), as the frequency of choosing a riskier option to relieve pain. All the participants received resting-state (rs) functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and structural MRI...
November 28, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887941/functional-outcomes-and-quality-of-life-after-radical-prostatectomy-only-versus-a-combination-of-prostatectomy-with-radiation-and-hormonal-therapy
#9
Meike Adam, Pierre Tennstedt, Dominik Lanwehr, Derya Tilki, Thomas Steuber, Burkhard Beyer, Imke Thederan, Hans Heinzer, Alexander Haese, Georg Salomon, Lars Budäus, Uwe Michl, Dirk Pehrke, Pär Stattin, Jürgen Bernard, Bernd Klaus, Raisa S Pompe, Cordula Petersen, Hartwig Huland, Markus Graefen, Rudolf Schwarz, Wolfgang Huber, Stacy Loeb, Thorsten Schlomm
BACKGROUND: While the optimal use and timing of secondary therapy after radical prostatectomy (RP) remain controversial, there are limited data on patient-reported outcomes following multimodal therapy. OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of additional radiation therapy (RT) and/or androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) on urinary continence, potency, and quality of life (QoL) after RP. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Among 13150 men who underwent RP from 1992 to 2013, 905 received RP + RT, 407 RP + ADT and 688 RP + RT + ADT...
November 22, 2016: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870566/androgen-deprivation-therapy-and-the-risk-of-dementia-in-patients-with-prostate-cancer
#10
Farzin Khosrow-Khavar, Soham Rej, Hui Yin, Armen Aprikian, Laurent Azoulay
Purpose Recent observational studies have associated the use of androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) with an increased risk of dementia and Alzheimer's disease, but these studies had limitations. The objective of this study was to determine whether the use of ADT is associated with an increased risk of dementia, including Alzheimer's disease, in patients with prostate cancer. Patients and Methods Using the United Kingdom's Clinical Practice Research Datalink, we assembled a cohort of 30,903 men newly diagnosed with nonmetastatic prostate cancer between April 1, 1988 and April 30, 2015, and observed them until April 30, 2016...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863963/the-dose-response-of-salvage-radiotherapy-following-radical-prostatectomy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Christopher R King
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To date neither the optimal radiotherapy dose nor the existence of a dose-response has been established for salvage RT (SRT). MATERIALS/METHODS: A systematic review from 1996 to 2015 and meta-analysis was performed to identify the pathologic, clinical and treatment factors associated with relapse-free survival (RFS) after SRT (uniformly defined as a PSA>0.2ng/mL or rising above post-SRT nadir). A sigmoidal dose-response curve was objectively fitted and a non-parametric statistical test used to determine significance...
November 2016: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859018/the-role-of-adjuvant-radiotherapy-in-pathologically-lymph-node-positive-prostate-cancer
#12
Naresh Jegadeesh, Yuan Liu, Chao Zhang, Jim Zhong, Richard J Cassidy, Theresa Gillespie, Omer Kucuk, Peter Rossi, Viraj A Master, Mehrdad Alemozaffar, Ashesh B Jani
BACKGROUND: Postoperative management of prostate cancer with lymph node involvement (LNI) is controversial. Retrospective evidence supports the selective use of radiotherapy (RT) after extended pelvic lymph node dissection. It is unclear whether this is generalizable to practice in the United States, where extended dissection is uncommon. The authors identified patients with LNI who potentially could derive a survival benefit with adjuvant RT plus androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT). METHODS: Patients with N1M0 prostate adenocarcinoma who underwent radical prostatectomy (RP) and subsequently received ADT from 2003 through 2011 were identified from the National Cancer Database...
November 8, 2016: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856956/the-efflux-transporter-abcg2-maintains-prostate-stem-cells
#13
Neha G Sabnis, Austin Miller, Mark A Titus, Wendy J Huss
: Prostate Stem Cells (PSCs) are characterized by their intrinsic resistance to Androgen Deprivation Therapy (ADT), possibly due to the lack of Androgen Receptor (AR) expression. PSCs resistance to ADT and PSC expansion in Castration Recurrent Prostate Cancer (CRPC) has sparked great interest in using differentiation therapy as an adjuvant to ADT. Understanding the mechanisms, by which PSCs maintain their undifferentiated phenotype, thus has important implications in differentiation therapy...
November 17, 2016: Molecular Cancer Research: MCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847099/efficacy-of-switching-therapy-of-luteinizing-hormone-releasing-hormone-analogue-for-advanced-prostate-cancer
#14
Yuan-Chi Shen, Chih-Hsiung Kang, Po-Hui Chiang
This study was conducted to determine the efficacy of switching therapy with a second-line luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) analogue after prostate-specific antigen (PSA) progression for advanced prostate cancer. We enrolled 200 patients, from December 2005 to September 2013, with nodal positive, metastatic prostate cancer or disease progression after definite treatment receiving continuous LHRH analogue therapy with monthly depot leuprorelin(sc) acetate 3.75 mg/vial (LA) or goserelin acetate(sc) 3...
November 2016: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846936/-ccafu-french-national-guidelines-2016-2018-on-prostate-cancer
#15
F Rozet, C Hennequin, J-B Beauval, P Beuzeboc, L Cormier, G Fromont, P Mongiat-Artus, A Ouzzane, G Ploussard, D Azria, I Brenot-Rossi, G Cancel-Tassin, O Cussenot, T Lebret, X Rebillard, M Soulié, R Renard-Penna, A Méjean
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the guidelines national committee CCAFU was to propose updated french guidelines for localized and metastatic prostate cancer (PCa). METHODS: A Medline search was achieved between 2013 and 2016, as regards diagnosis, options of treatment and follow-up of PCa, to evaluate different references with levels of evidence. RESULTS: Epidemiology, classification, staging systems, diagnostic evaluation are reported. Disease management options are detailed...
November 2016: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843596/international-survey-of-androgen-deprivation-therapy-adt-for-non-metastatic-prostate-cancer-in-19-countries
#16
Alexander Liede, David C Hallett, Kirsty Hope, Alex Graham, Jorge Arellano, Vahakn B Shahinian
BACKGROUND: Continuous androgen deprivation therapy (CADT) is commonly used for patients with non-metastatic prostate cancer as primary therapy for high-risk disease, adjuvant therapy together with radiation or for recurrence after initial local therapy. Intermittent ADT (IADT), a recently developed alternative strategy for providing ADT, is thought to potentially reduce adverse effects, but little is known about practice patterns relating to it. We aimed to describe factors related to physicians' ADT use and modality for patients with non-metastatic prostate cancer...
2016: ESMO Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843206/role-of-systemic-chemotherapy-in-metastatic-hormone-sensitive-prostate-cancer
#17
REVIEW
Niraj Shenoy, Manish Kohli
INTRODUCTION: Patients with metastatic hormone sensitive prostate cancer (mHSPC) have traditionally been treated with androgen deprivation therapy (ADT). Recently, there has been a demonstration of a survival benefit with the addition of docetaxel to ADT from three large randomized controlled trials. This review summarizes these trials, draws comparisons between the trials, and attempts to provide critical evidence-based recommendation on the role of docetaxel in mHSPC. METHODS: Of the two published (GETUG-AFU, Chemo-Hormonal therapy vs...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Urology: IJU: Journal of the Urological Society of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837416/a-simple-prognostic-model-involving-prostate-specific-antigen-alkaline-phosphatase-and-albumin-for-predicting-the-time-required-to-progress-to-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer-in-patients-who-received-androgen-deprivation-therapy
#18
Wei Lv, Hongxiang Shang, Xinqi Pei, Yule Chen, Hongjun Xie, Dalin He, Xinyang Wang, Lei Li
PURPOSE: To distinguish potential biomarkers and build a useful model to predict the time required to progress to castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) in patients with prostate cancer who have been treated with androgen deprivation therapy (ADT). METHODS: We considered 168 patients who received ADT as the initial therapy. Complete clinical data including age, tumor stage, Gleason score, prostate-specific antigen (PSA), complete blood count and liver function tests were analyzed...
November 11, 2016: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836866/sequencing-of-sipuleucel-t-and-androgen-deprivation-therapy-in-men-with-hormone-sensitive-biochemically-recurrent-prostate-cancer-a-phase-ii-randomized-trial
#19
Emmanuel S Antonarakis, Adam S Kibel, Evan Y Yu, Lawrence I Karsh, Aymen Elfiky, Neal D Shore, Nicholas J Vogelzang, John M Corman, Frederick E Millard, Johnathan C Maher, Nancy Chang, Todd DeVries, Nadeem A Sheikh, Charles G Drake
BACKGROUND: STAND, a randomized, phase II, open-label trial (NCT01431391) assessed sequencing of sipuleucel-T (an autologous cellular immunotherapy) with androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) in biochemically-recurrent prostate cancer (BRPC) patients at high risk for metastasis. METHODS: Men with BRPC following prostatectomy and/or radiotherapy, a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) doubling time (PSADT)less than or equal to 12 months, and no metastasis were enrolled. Patients were randomized (34/arm) to sipuleucel-T followed by ADT (started 2 weeks after sipuleucel-T completion), or ADT followed by sipuleucel-T (started 12 weeks after ADT initiation); ADT continued for 12 months in both arms...
November 10, 2016: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826989/androgen-deprivation-therapy-with-leuprolide-acetate-for-treatment-of-advanced-prostate-cancer
#20
M Raschid Hoda, Mario W Kramer, Axel S Merseburger, Marcus V Cronauer
Hormone sensitive advanced prostate cancer (PCa) is an incurable disease that is treated with a variety of hormonal therapies targeting the androgen/androgen receptor signaling axis. For decades androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) by surgical or chemical castration is the gold standard for the treatment of advanced PCa. Areas covered: This review discusses the pharmacological features of Leuprolide, a luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) agonists/analog and the most commonly used drug in ADT. Expert opinion: Although Leuprolide has been on the market for more than 30 years it is still the leading option for ADT and serves as a basis for most multimodal therapy concepts...
November 9, 2016: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
keyword
keyword
58121
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"