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respiratory distress in newborn

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235984/deaths-leading-causes-for-2015
#1
Melonie Heron
Objectives-This report presents final 2015 data on the 10 leading causes of death in the United States by age, sex, race, and Hispanic origin. Leading causes of infant, neonatal, and postneonatal death are also presented. This report supplements "Deaths: Final Data for 2015," the National Center for Health Statistics' annual report of final mortality statistics. Methods-Data in this report are based on information from all death certificates filed in the 50 states and the District of Columbia in 2015. Causes of death classified by the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) are ranked according to the number of deaths assigned to rankable causes...
November 2017: National Vital Statistics Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228827/conservative-versus-active-management-in-hellp-syndrome-results-from-a-cohort-study
#2
Marie Cavaignac-Vitalis, Fabien Vidal, M D Caroline Simon-Toulza, Pierre Boulot, Paul Guerby, Elodie Chantalat, Parant M D Olivier
OBJECTIVE: HELLP syndrome exposes to severe maternal and fetal complications. Prompt delivery is thus recommended after 34 weeks of gestation, or earlier in case of nonreassuring maternofetal conditions. However, no consensus has been raised in the treatment of HELLP syndrome occurring before 34 weeks of gestation, when both maternal and fetal conditions are stable: it remains still unclear whether an active attitude should be prioritized over expectant management. Herein we aimed to compare mother and child outcomes according to the type of obstetrical management, either active or conservative...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204652/effect-of-nasal-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-on-infants-with-meconium-aspiration-syndrome-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#3
Aakash Pandita, Srinivas Murki, Tejo Pratap Oleti, Baswaraj Tandur, Sai Kiran, Sachin Narkhede, Amrut Prajapati
Importance: Nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) as a primary respiratory therapy in meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) has not been studied extensively. Nasal continuous positive airway pressure, when applied in newborns with MAS, may resolve atelectasis by sufficiently expanding partially obstructed small airways and stabilizing the collapsing terminal airways to enhance oxygen exchange. Objective: To compare NCPAP vs standard care in neonates with moderate to severe respiratory failure due to MAS in reducing the need for invasive ventilation...
December 4, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198536/infants-with-atypical-presentations-of-alveolar-capillary-dysplasia-with-misalignment-of-the-pulmonary-veins-who-underwent-bilateral-lung-transplantation
#4
Christopher T Towe, Frances V White, R Mark Grady, Stuart C Sweet, Pirooz Eghtesady, Daniel J Wegner, Partha Sen, Przemyslaw Szafranski, Pawel Stankiewicz, Aaron Hamvas, F Sessions Cole, Jennifer A Wambach
OBJECTIVE: To describe disease course, histopathology, and outcomes for infants with atypical presentations of alveolar capillary dysplasia with misalignment of the pulmonary veins (ACDMPV) who underwent bilateral lung transplantation. STUDY DESIGN: We reviewed clinical history, diagnostic studies, explant histology, genetic sequence results, and post-transplant course for 6 infants with atypical ACDMPV who underwent bilateral lung transplantation at St. Louis Children's Hospital...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197845/neck-mass-an-obstructive-cause-of-respiratory-distress-with-medical-management
#5
Vijay Singh, Aakash Pandita, Girish Gupta, Amit Shukla
Congenital goitre is a known cause of hypothyroidism in newborn. Congenital goitre can be due to defective synthesis of thyroxine or administration of antithyroid drugs to the mother during pregnancy. In this case report, we report an instance of a preterm male infant with antenatally detected goitre presenting as a neck mass with congenital hypothyroidism. Hormonal replacement therapy was started immediately after birth which lead to resolution of the mass and normalisation of thyroid function.
December 2, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181317/a-predictive-score-for-retinopathy-of-prematurity-by-using-clinical-risk-factors-and-serum-insulin-like-growth-factor-1-levels
#6
Yeşim Coşkun, Ceyhun Dalkan, Özge Yabaş, Özlem Ünay Demirel, Elif Samiye Bayar, Sibel Sakarya, Tuba Müftüoğlu, Dilaver Erşanlı, Nerin Bahçeciler, İpek Akman
AIM: To detect the impact of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) and other risk factors for the early prediction of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and to establish a scoring system for ROP prediction by using clinical criteria and serum IGF-1 levels. METHODS: The study was conducted with 127 preterm infants. IGF-1 levels in the 1st day of life, 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th week of life was analyzed. The score was established after logistic regression analysis, considering the impact of each variable on the occurrences of any stage ROP...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152426/an-overview-of-infant-mortality-trends-in-qatar-from-2004-to-2014
#7
Mohammed Al-Thani, Al-Anoud Al-Thani, Amine Toumi, Shams Eldin Khalifa, Hammad Akram
Background Infant mortality is an important health indicator that estimates population well-being. Infant mortality has declined globally but is still a major public health challenge. This article provides the characteristics, causes, burden, and trends of infant mortality in Qatar. Methods Frequencies, percentages, and rates were calculated using data from birth-death registries over 2004-2014 to describe infant mortality by nationality, gender, and age group. We calculated the relative risks of the top causes of infant mortality among subgroups according to the 10(th) Revision of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD-10, Version 2016)...
September 9, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132459/-short-term-clinical-outcomes-of-neonates-of-secundiparous-mothers-a-single-center-cohort-study
#8
Ai-Juan Yang, Ke-Ping Cheng, Xiao-Lu Ma, Li-Zhong DU
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the short-term clinical outcomes of neonates of secundiparous mothers, and to provide a reference for the clinical practice after the change in birth policy. METHODS: A cohort study was performed for the parturients and their neonates born in Yongkang Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital in Zhejiang, China between June 2015 and April 2016. According to the parity of the mother, the neonates were divided into primiparous group and secundiparous group...
November 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067513/does-antenatal-steroids-treatment-prior-to-elective-cesarean-section-at-34-37%C3%A2-weeks-of-gestation-reduce-neonatal-morbidity-evidence-from-a-case-control-study
#9
Michal Kirshenbaum, Shali Mazaki-Tovi, Uri Amikam, Ram Mazkereth, Eyal Sivan, Eyal Schiff, Yoav Yinon
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether antenatal corticosteroids administration prior to an elective cesarean section (ECS) at 34-37 weeks gestation is associated with improved neonatal outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A case control study of women with singleton pregnancies who underwent ECS between 34 and 37 weeks of gestation including two groups: (1) study group in which patients were treated with betamethasone prior to ECS (n = 58) and (2) control group matched for gestational age at delivery in which patients did not receive betamethasone (n = 107)...
October 24, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058384/nitric-oxide-for-the-treatment-of-preterm-infants-with-severe-rds-and-pulmonary-hypertension
#10
Carlo Dani, Iuri Corsini, Jessica Cangemi, Venturella Vangi, Simone Pratesi
BACKGROUND: Inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) cannot be recommended for the routine treatment of respiratory failure in premature neonates, but it has been suggested that the effectiveness of iNO therapy should be further studied in more select preterm infants, such as those with persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the frequency of PPHN in very preterm infants with severe respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), to assess the effectiveness of iNO in these patients, and to individuate possible predictive factors for the response to iNO in preterm infants with RDS...
November 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058246/factors-relating-caesarean-section-to-persistent-pulmonary-hypertension-of-the-newborn
#11
REVIEW
Niralee Babooa, Wen-Jing Shi, Chao Chen
BACKGROUND: Several studies have clearly demonstrated a significantly higher incidence of persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN) in neonates delivered by caesarean section (CS) compared to those delivered vaginally. The pathophysiological factors underlying the link between CS and PPHN are still poorly understood. In this review, we describe the mechanisms that could explain the association between CS delivery and subsequent PPHN, as well as potential preventive measures...
December 2017: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033108/clinical-course-in-infants-diagnosed-with-transient-tachypnea-of-newborn-a-clinical-trial-assessing-the-role-of-conservative-versus-conventional-management
#12
M Dehdashtian, M Aletayeb, A Malakian, M R Aramesh, H Malvandi
BACKGROUND: Transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN) is a respiratory disorder secondary to inadequate or delayed clearance of lung fluids. Early symptoms of the disease are indistinguishable from neonatal respiratory distress syndrome, pneumonia, and persistent pulmonary hypertension. Therefore, these newborns, in addition to receiving conservative management, receive antibiotics until blood cultures provide definite results. In this study, we assessed the clinical course of neonates diagnosed with TTN who received conventional versus conservative management...
October 9, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969484/combined-measurement-of-fetal-lung-volume-and-pulmonary-artery-resistance-index-is-more-accurate-for-prediction-of-neonatal-respiratory-distress-syndrome-in-preterm-fetuses-a-pilot-study
#13
Mohamed Laban, Ghada M Mansour, Ahmed El-Kotb, Alaa Hassanin, Zina Laban, Abdelrahman Saleh
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to estimate optimal cut-off values for mean fetal lung volume (FLV) and pulmonary artery resistance index (PA-RI) as non-invasive measures to predict neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in preterm fetuses. METHODS: A prospective study conducted at Ain Shams University Maternity Hospital, Egypt from May 2015 to July 2017: 80 eligible women diagnosed with preterm labor were recruited at 32-36 weeks' gestation. Before delivery, three-dimensional ultrasound was used to estimate FLV using virtual organ computer-aided analysis (VOCAL), while PA-RI was measured by Doppler ultrasonography...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966550/entropy-information-of-cardiorespiratory-dynamics-in-neonates-during-sleep
#14
Maristella Lucchini, Nicolò Pini, William P Fifer, Nina Burtchen, Maria G Signorini
Sleep is a central activity in human adults and characterizes most of the newborn infant life. During sleep, autonomic control acts to modulate heart rate variability (HRV) and respiration. Mechanisms underlying cardiorespiratory interactions in different sleep states have been studied but are not yet fully understood. Signal processing approaches have focused on cardiorespiratory analysis to elucidate this co-regulation. This manuscript proposes to analyze heart rate (HR), respiratory variability and their interrelationship in newborn infants to characterize cardiorespiratory interactions in different sleep states (active vs...
May 2017: Entropy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966466/congenital-midline-nasal-anomalies
#15
Niraj Vora, Ram Kalagiri, Bryan Guillory, Ashita Shetty, Venkata Nakta Raju, R K Powitzky, Madhava R Beeram
Congenital midline nasal anomalies are rare, with a prevalence of 1 in 20,000 to 40,000 births and with 5% to 7% of them being nasal glioma. Differential diagnoses of nasal anomalies include nasal dermoid cysts, gliomas, encephaloceles, nasal polyps, and some other rare anomalies. Due to current medical technological advancements, most of these anomalies are easily correctable, though delaying management may lead to fatal effects. This report describes two cases-one of nasal glioma and one of nevus lipomatosus cutaneous superficialis-that presented as respiratory distress in a newborn...
October 2017: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965435/early-rescue-neopuff-for-infants-with-transient-tachypnea-of-newborn-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Amani Mahmoud Osman, Rania Ali El-Farrash, Enas Hussein Mohammed
OBJECTIVE: To examine the efficacy of early continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), delivered using a T-piece-based infant resuscitator (Neopuff) via a face mask, in reducing the severity and duration of transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN) as well as testing a hypothesis suggesting that rapid clearance of fetal lung fluid to the circulation via CPAP would increase plasma B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP). METHODS: A randomized controlled trial (NCT01859533) was conducted on 64 late preterm/term neonates, delivered by cesarean section and presented by respiratory distress shortly after birth...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937234/experimental-models-of-acute-lung-injury-in-the-newborns
#17
D Mokra, A Calkovska
Acute lung injury in the preterm newborns can originate from prematurity of the lung and insufficient synthesis of pulmonary surfactant. This situation is known as respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). In the term neonates, the respiratory insufficiency is related to a secondary inactivation of the pulmonary surfactant, for instance, by action of endotoxins in bacterial pneumonia or by effects of aspirated meconium. The use of experimental models of the mentioned situations provides new information on the pathophysiology of these disorders and offers unique possibility to test novel therapeutic approaches in the conditions which are very similar to the clinical syndromes...
September 22, 2017: Physiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924546/sirenomelia-associated-with-hypoplastic-left-heart-in-a-newborn
#18
H Turgut, R Ozdemir, I K Gokce, C Karakurt, A Karadag
Sirenomelia, also known as "mermaid malformation/syndrome," is a rare, serious congenital anomaly characterized by variable degrees of fusion of the lower limbs and associated with severe malformations of vertebral, genitourinary, cardiovascular system and single umbilical artery. The first pregnancy of a 25-year-old woman resulted in one twin born by Cesarian section at 32 weeks' gestation, who was referred to our hospital with cyanosis, a congenital anomaly and respiratory distress. On physical examination, there was no urogenital region and anal fissure and gender was indeterminate...
June 30, 2017: Balkan Journal of Medical Genetics: BJMG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923474/beyond-the-inhaled-nitric-oxide-in-persistent-pulmonary-hypertension-of-the-newborn
#19
REVIEW
Mei-Yin Lai, Shih-Ming Chu, Satyan Lakshminrusimha, Hung-Chih Lin
Persistent pulmonary hypertension (PPHN) is a consequence of failed pulmonary vascular transition at birth and leads to pulmonary hypertension with shunting of deoxygenated blood across the ductus arteriosus (DA) and foramen ovale (FO) resulting in severe hypoxemia, and it may eventually lead to life-threatening circulatory failure. PPHN is a serious event affecting both term and preterm infants in the neonatal intensive care unit. It is often associated with diseases such as congenital diaphragmatic hernia, meconium aspiration, sepsis, congenital pneumonia, birth asphyxia and respiratory distress syndrome...
August 10, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920101/potential-therapeutic-targets-in-nrf2-dependent-protection-against-neonatal-respiratory-distress-disease-predicted-by-cdna-microarray-analysis-and-bioinformatics-tools
#20
Hye-Youn Cho, Xuting Wang, Jianying Li, Douglas A Bell, Steven R Kleeberger
Hyperoxia exposure of newborn rodents has served as a model for bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) phenotypes found in a sub-population of human premature infants. We previously demonstrated that Nrf2 modulates molecular events during saccular-to-alveolar lung maturation and also has a protective role in the pathogenesis of hyperoxia-induced acute lung injury, mortality, arrest of saccular-to-alveolar transition, and lung injury, using Nrf2-deficient and wild-type neonate mice. In this review, we describe how whole-genome transcriptome analyses can identify the means through which Nrf2 transcriptionally modulates organ injury and morphology, cellular growth/proliferation, vasculature development, and immune response during BPD-like pathogenesis...
December 2016: Current Opinion in Toxicology
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