keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Meaning searching

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351116/management-of-people-with-early-or-very-early-stage-hepatocellular-carcinoma-an-attempted-network-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Avik Majumdar, Davide Roccarina, Douglas Thorburn, Brian R Davidson, Emmanuel Tsochatzis, Kurinchi Selvan Gurusamy
BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (primary liver cancer) is classified in many ways. The Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) group staging classifies the cancer based on patient's life expectancy. People with very early- or early-stage hepatocellular carcinoma have single tumour or three tumours of maximum diameter of 3 cm or less, Child-Pugh status A to B, and performance status 0 (fully functional). Management of hepatocellular carcinoma is uncertain. OBJECTIVES: To assess the comparative benefits and harms of different interventions used in the treatment of early or very early hepatocellular carcinoma through a network meta-analysis and to generate rankings of the available interventions according to their safety and efficacy...
March 28, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351084/the-effect-of-vitamin-d-supplementation-on-the-androgenic-profile-in-patients-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-clinical-trials
#2
Maryam Azadi-Yazdi, Azadeh Nadjarzadeh, Hossein Khosravi-Boroujeni, Amin Salehi-Abargouei
It is suggested that vitamin D status is associated with androgenic profile in women with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). Although several clinical trials are known in this regard, the results were inconsistent. Therefore, this study was aimed to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of published clinical trials to elucidate the possible effect of vitamin D supplementation on the androgen levels in adult females with PCOS. PubMed, SCOPUS, and Google Scholar were searched to identify related articles published up to January 2017...
March 2017: Hormone and Metabolic Research, Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung, Hormones et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351023/effect-of-door-locking-policy-on-inpatient-treatment-of-substance-use-and-dual-disorders
#3
Regine Steinauer, Christian G Huber, Sylvie Petitjean, Gerhard A Wiesbeck, Kenneth M Dürsteler, Undine E Lang, Christian Seifert, Katja Andreeff, Michael Krausz, Marc Walter, Marc Vogel
OBJECTIVE: Substance use treatment is often performed inside locked wards. We investigate the effects of adopting a policy of open-door treatment for a substance use treatment and dual diagnosis ward. METHODS: This is a prospective open-label study investigating 3-month study periods before opening (P1), immediately after (P2), and 1 year after the first period (P3). Data on committed patients, coercion (seclusion, forced medication, absconding events with subsequent police search), violence, and substance use was collected daily...
March 29, 2017: European Addiction Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350805/enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-protocol-in-oesophageal-cancer-surgery-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Magdalena Pisarska, Piotr Małczak, Piotr Major, Michał Wysocki, Andrzej Budzyński, Michał Pędziwiatr
BACKGROUND: Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) protocol are well established in many surgical disciplines, leading to decrease in morbidity and length of hospital stay. These multi-modal protocols have been also introduced to oesophageal cancer surgery. This review aimed to evaluate current literature on ERAS in oesophageal cancer surgery and conduct a meta-analysis on primary and secondary outcomes. METHODS: MEDLINE, Embase, Scopus and Cochrane Library were searched for eligible studies...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350645/the-use-of-bowel-protocols-in-critically-ill-adult-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Simon J W Oczkowski, Erick H Duan, Amy Groen, Dawn Warren, Deborah J Cook
OBJECTIVE: Constipation is common among critically ill patients and has been associated with adverse patient outcomes. Many ICUs have developed bowel protocols to treat constipation; however, their effect on clinical outcomes remains uncertain. We conducted a systematic review to determine the impact of bowel protocols in critically ill adults. DATA SOURCES: We searched MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, CENTRAL, ISRCTN, ClinicalTrials.gov, and conference abstracts until January 2016...
March 27, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346851/aquatic-therapy-for-people-with-lymphedema-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Wai Yeung, Adam I Semciw
BACKGROUND: Aquatic therapy has several proposed benefits for people with lymphedema. A systematic review of the evidence for aquatic therapy in lymphedema management has not been conducted. METHOD AND RESULTS: Systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted. Five electronic databases were searched to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of people with lymphedema, which compared aquatic therapy with other lymphedema interventions. Qualitative analysis was undertaken where quantitative analysis was not possible...
March 27, 2017: Lymphatic Research and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346503/external-validity-of-randomized-controlled-trials-in-older-adults-a-systematic-review
#7
Floor J van Deudekom, Iris Postmus, Danielle J van der Ham, Alexander B Pothof, Karen Broekhuizen, Gerard J Blauw, Simon P Mooijaart
BACKGROUND: To critically assess the external validity of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) it is important to know what older adults have been enrolled in the trials. The aim of this systematic review is to study what proportion of trials specifically designed for older patients report on somatic status, physical and mental functioning, social environment and frailty in the patient characteristics. METHODS: PubMed was searched for articles published in 2012 and only RCTs were included...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346130/defining-health-information-exchange-scoping-review-of-published-definitions
#8
Ather Akhlaq, Aziz Sheikh, Claudia Pagliari
OBJECTIVE: The term Health Information Exchange (HIE) is often used in health informatics, yet uncertainties remain about its precise meaning. This study aimed to capture and analyse existing definitions in order to map variations in its use and the concepts associated with it. METHODS: Systematic literature search to identify published definitions of HIE and equivalent terms such as Clinical Information Exchange. Medline, Web of Science, Library Information Science and Technology Abstracts, EMBASE and CINAHL Plus were searched to identify relevant research, and Google to identify grey literature...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345122/effect-of-laser-on-pain-relief-and-wound-healing-of-recurrent-aphthous-stomatitis-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Valerie G A Suter, Sophia Sjölund, Michael M Bornstein
The aim of this systematic review was to assess a potential benefit of laser use in the treatment of recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS). The primary outcome variables were pain relief, duration of wound healing and reduction in episode frequency. A PICO approach was used as a search strategy in Medline, Embase and Cochrane databases. After scanning and excluding titles, abstracts and full texts, 11 studies (ten RCTs and one non-randomised controlled trial) were included. Study selection and data extraction was done by two observers...
March 27, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344677/the-mental-health-continuum-short-form-mhc-sf-in-the-argentinean-context-confirmatory-factor-analysis-and-measurement-invariance
#10
María Laura Lupano Perugini, Guadalupe de la Iglesia, Alejandro Castro Solano, Corey Lee M Keyes
The present research aimed at studying the psychometric properties of the Mental Health Continuum-Short Form (MHC-SF; Keyes, 2005) in a sample of 1,300 Argentinean adults (50% males; 50% females). Their mean age was 40.28 years old (SD = 13.59). The MHC-SF is a 14 item test that assesses three components (i.e., emotional, social, and psychological) of well-being. Convergent and divergent evidence of construct validity was assessed by conducting confirmatory factor analysis, cross-validation, factorial invariance, and correlations with external criteria...
March 2017: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344613/anp-and-bnp-plasma-levels-in-patients-with-rheumatic-mitral-stenosis-after-percutaneous-balloon-mitral-valvuloplasty
#11
Łukasz Mazurkiewicz, Witold Rużyłło, Zbigniew Chmielak, Ewa Opalińska-Ciszek, Jadwiga Janas, Piotr Hoffman, Tomasz Hryniewiecki, Jacek Grzybowski
INTRODUCTION: Atrial (ANP) and B-type (BNP) natriuretic peptides are hormones secreted by the heart as a response to volume expansion and pressure overload. AIM: To assess the changes of ANP and BNP after percutaneous balloon mitral valvuloplasty (PBMV) and to investigate factors associated with endpoints. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 96 patients (90.7% females, age 51.6 ±12.2 years) with rheumatic mitral valve stenosis (mitral valve area (MVA) 1...
2017: Postępy W Kardiologii Interwencyjnej, Advances in Interventional Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343928/endodontics-endodontic-retreatment-and-apical-surgery-versus-tooth-extraction-and-implant-placement-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Anna Chércoles-Ruiz, Alba Sánchez-Torres, Cosme Gay-Escoda
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this systematic review was to answer the following clinical question: Which is the best treatment option for a pulpally involved tooth? METHODS: An electronic search was conducted in the Cochrane, PubMed (MEDLINE), and ScienceDirect databases between December 2015 and February 2016. A manual search was also performed. The inclusion criteria were randomized clinical trials, prospective or retrospective cohort studies, and cross-sectional studies performed on humans with at least 1 year of follow-up and published within the last 10 years...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343611/hospital-esophagectomy-volume-and-postoperative-length-of-stay-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Femi Giwa, Aitua Salami, Ajibola I Abioye
BACKGROUND: Much attention in the volume-outcomes literature has focused on the empirical impact of surgical caseload on outcomes. However, relevant studies on the association between surgical volume and variables that potentially contribute to healthcare costs are limited. The objective of this study was to systematically elucidate a contemporary analysis of the empirical relationship between hospital esophagectomy volume and postoperative length of stay, a cost-related outcome. DATA SOURCES: OvidSP, PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), ISI Web of Science and OpenGrey were searched for relevant articles published from 2000 to 2016...
March 20, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343440/early-interventions-to-promote-work-participation-in-people-with-regional-musculoskeletal-pain-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Andy Cochrane, Niamh M Higgins, Oliver FitzGerald, Pamela Gallagher, Jennifer Ashton, Oriel Corcoran, Deirdre Desmond
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness of early multidisciplinary interventions in promoting work participation and reducing work absence in adults with regional musculoskeletal pain. DATA SOURCES: Seven databases (CENTRAL, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Scopus, OT Seeker, PEDro; 1990 to December 2016) were searched for eligible studies. REVIEW METHODS: Trials were included if they reported on work-based outcomes for participants experiencing difficulties at work or ≤ three months' sick leave...
March 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343124/effects-of-acute-alcohol-consumption-on-measures-of-simulated-driving-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Christopher Irwin, Elizaveta Iudakhina, Ben Desbrow, Danielle McCartney
Driving simulators are used in a wide range of research settings to help develop an understanding of driver behavior in complex environments. Acute alcohol impairment is an important research topic for traffic safety and a large number of studies have indicated levels of simulated driving impairment imposed by alcohol across a range of performance outcome variables. The aim of the present study was to examine the impact of acute alcohol consumption on simulated driving performance by conducting a systematic review and meta-analysis of the available evidence...
March 23, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343063/motives-for-illicit-prescription-drug-use-among-university-students-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Trevor Bennett, Katy Holloway
BACKGROUND: There is a growing body of research on the motives for prescription drug misuse (PDM) among university students. However, the overall findings of this research are hard to decipher. Studies use different methods, they examine different drug types, the motives are phrased in various ways, and the results differ widely. In order to make sense of this body of knowledge, it is necessary to synthesise the results across studies and draw out conclusions. METHODS: The research comprises a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies on the motives of university students for illicit use of four different types of prescription medication (stimulants, analgesics, tranquillisers and sedatives)...
March 23, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342764/ketamine-as-a-rapid-acting-agent-for-suicidal-ideation-a-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Francesco Bartoli, Ilaria Riboldi, Cristina Crocamo, Carmen Di Brita, Massimo Clerici, Giuseppe Carrà
The current systematic review and meta-analysis aimed at exploring acute effects of intravenous (IV) ketamine, an antagonist of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA), in subjects with current suicidal ideation. We included clinical trials testing a single IV dose of ketamine and assessing changes in suicidal ideation within 4hours after treatment. Meta-analyses based on random-effects models, were carried out generating pooled standardized mean differences (SMDs) between endpoint and baseline scores. Heterogeneity among studies was estimated using the I(2) index...
March 22, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342192/intravenous-versus-non-intravenous-benzodiazepines-for-the-abortion-of-seizures-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#18
Abdussalam Alshehri, Ahmad Abulaban, Rakan Bokhari, Suleiman Kojan, Majid Alsalamah, Mazen Ferwana, Mohammad Hassan Murad
BACKGROUND: The acquisition of intravenous access in the actively convulsing patient is difficult. This often delays the administration of the intravenous benzodiazepine necessary for seizure abortion. Delays in seizure abortion are associated with increased pharmacoresistance, increased risk of neuronal injury, worse patient outcomes and increased morbidity. OBJECTIVE: To assess whether the delay imposed by IV access acquisition is justified by improved outcomes...
March 25, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342184/the-lipid-lowering-effect-of-levothyroxine-in-patients-with-subclinical-hypothyroidism-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#19
Xiang Li, Yupeng Wang, Qingbo Guan, Jiajun Zhao, Ling Gao
OBJECTIVES: Dyslipidaemia is common in patients with subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH). To date, there is no universal agreement regarding the lipid-lowering effect of substitution treatment with L-T4 in patients with SCH. We aimed to clarify the effect by conducting this systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs). DESIGN: We systematically searched PubMed, the Cochrane Library, ClinicalTrials. gov and EMBASE for RCTs comparing substitution treatment to placebo treatment or observation...
March 25, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341576/effectiveness-of-interventions-to-reduce-household-air-pollution-and-or-improve-health-in-homes-using-solid-fuel-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Reginald Quansah, Sean Semple, Caroline A Ochieng, Sanjar Juvekar, Frederick Ato Armah, Isaac Luginaah, Jacques Emina
BACKGROUND: Cookstove intervention programs have been increasing over the past two (2) decades in Low and Middle Income Countries (LMICs) across the globe. However, there remains uncertainty regarding the effects of these interventions on household air pollution concentrations, personal exposure concentrations and health outcomes. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to determine if household air pollution (HAP) interventions were associated with improved indoor air quality (IAQ) in households in LMICs...
March 21, 2017: Environment International
keyword
keyword
58113
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"