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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432791/immediate-versus-delayed-postpartum-insertion-of-contraceptive-implant-for-contraception
#1
REVIEW
Jen Sothornwit, Yuthapong Werawatakul, Srinaree Kaewrudee, Pisake Lumbiganon, Malinee Laopaiboon
BACKGROUND: The spacing of pregnancies has a positive impact on maternal and newborn health. The progestin contraceptive implant, which is a long-acting, reversible method of contraception, has a well-established low failure rate that is compatible with tubal sterilization. The standard provision of contraceptive methods on the first postpartum visit may put some women at risk of unintended pregnancy, either due to loss to follow-up or having sexual intercourse prior to receiving contraception...
April 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432721/emollients-and-moisturisers-for-eczema-abridged-cochrane-systematic-review-including-grade-assessments
#2
REVIEW
E J van Zuuren, Z Fedorowicz, B W M Arents
Eczema is a chronic inflammatory skin disorder with considerable impact on quality of life. Emollients or moisturisers are widely recommended, but are these effective and safe? We searched for randomised controlled trials (RCTs) in the Cochrane Skin Group Specialised Register, CENTRAL in The Cochrane Library, Medline, Embase, LILACS, GREAT database and five trial registers to December 2015. We included 77 RCTs with 6603 participants. Seven studies (9.1%) were at low risk of bias, 34 (44.2%) at unclear and 36 (46...
April 22, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432676/bifidobacterium-adolescentis-dsm-20083-and-lactobacillus-casei-lafti-l26-dsl-probiotics-able-to-block-the-in-vitro-adherence-of-rotavirus-in-ma104-cells
#3
Karem Prunella Fernandez-Duarte, Nury Nathalia Olaya-Galán, Sandra Patricia Salas-Cárdenas, Jazmin Lopez-Rozo, Maria Fernanda Gutierrez-Fernandez
Rotavirus is the leading worldwide cause of gastroenteritis in children under five years of age. Even though there are some available vaccines to prevent the disease, there are limited strategies for challenging diarrhea induced by rotavirus infection. For this reason, researchers are constantly searching for other approaches to control diarrhea by means of probiotics. In order to demonstrate the ability of some probiotic bacteria to interfere with the in vitro rotavirus infection in MA104 cells, strains of Lactobacillus sp...
April 21, 2017: Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432636/what-is-the-current-knowledge-about-the-cardiovascular-risk-for-users-of-cannabis-based-products-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Emilie Jouanjus, Valentin Raymond, Maryse Lapeyre-Mestre, Valérie Wolff
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of the study was to examine the published evidence on the cardiovascular risk related to the use of cannabis-based products by performing a systematic review of recent literature. RECENT FINDINGS: The World Health Organization (WHO) emphasizes that cannabis use represents a risky behavior as it may lead to many adverse effects, and in particular, cardiovascular effects. A systematic review of articles published between January 1, 2011 and May 31, 2016 was performed in agreement with the PRISMA statement...
June 2017: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432470/male-behavioural-plasticity-depends-on-maternal-mating-status-in-the-two-spotted-spider-mite
#5
Keiko Oku, Tom P G van den Beuken
In haplodiploid organisms including the two-spotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae (Acari: Tetranychidae), both unmated and mated females can produce male offspring. A previous study reported that males produced by unmated females (UM males) find pre-reproductive females more quickly than males produced by mated females (M males) in T. urticae. However, it remains unclear what factors cause the difference. We investigated effects of maternal mating status on mate-searching behaviour of their sons by changing the sons' developmental environment...
April 21, 2017: Experimental & Applied Acarology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432310/efficacy-of-alprostadil-for-preventing-of-contrast-induced-nephropathy-a-meta-analysis
#6
Jing-Zhan Zhang, Xiao-Jing Kang, Ying Gao, Ying-Ying Zheng, Ting-Ting Wu, Long Li, Fen Liu, Yi-Ning Yang, Xiao-Mei Li, Yi-Tong Ma, Xiang Xie
Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) has become the third-leading cause of hospital-acquired acute renal injury. Although alprostadil has been proposed as an effective preventative measure, this conclusion remains inconsistent. Thus, we performed a meta-analysis of the published studies on this topic to evaluate the preventative effect of alprostadil on CIN. Databases, including PubMed, the Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Wanfang, the China Biological Medicine Database (SinoMed) and the China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) were systematically searched...
April 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431885/safety-of-adding-oats-to-a-gluten-free-diet-for-patients-with-celiac-disease-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-clinical-and-observational-studies
#7
María Inés Pinto-Sánchez, Natalia Causada-Calo, Premysl Bercik, Alexander C Ford, Joseph A Murray, David Armstrong, Carol Semrad, Sonia S Kupfer, Armin Alaedini, Paul Moayyedi, Daniel A Leffler, Elena F Verdú, Peter Green
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Patients with celiac disease should maintain a gluten-free diet (GFD), excluding wheat, rye, and barley. Oats might increase the nutritional value of a GFD, but their including is controversial. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the safety of oats as part of a GFD in patients with celiac disease. METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE, and EMBASE databases for clinical trials and observational studies of the effects of including oats in GFD of patients with celiac disease...
April 18, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431618/muscle-strength-and-power-in-persons-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Mlk Jørgensen, U Dalgas, I Wens, L G Hvid
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic disease in the central nervous system which causes a number of physical symptoms including impairments of muscle mechanical function (muscle strength, muscle power and explosive muscle strength (~rate of force development, RFD)). However, a full overview of the existing knowledge regarding muscle mechanical function in persons with MS (PwMS) is still pending. OBJECTIVES: To systematically review 1) the psychometric properties of isokinetic dynamometry testing in PwMS, and 2) studies comparing muscle mechanical function in PwMS to matched healthy controls (HC)...
May 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431537/the-role-of-flower-pollen-extract-in-managing-patients-affected-by-chronic-prostatitis-chronic-pelvic-pain-syndrome-a-comprehensive-analysis-of-all-published-clinical-trials
#9
Tommaso Cai, Paolo Verze, Roberto La Rocca, Umberto Anceschi, Cosimo De Nunzio, Vincenzo Mirone
BACKGROUND: Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) is still a challenge to manage for all physicians. We feel that a summary of the current literature and a systematic review to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of flower pollen extract would be helpful for physicians who are considering a phytotherapeutic approach to treating patients with CP/CPPS. METHODS: A comprehensive search of the PubMed and Embase databases up to June 2016 was performed...
April 21, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431368/correlates-of-perceived-stigma-for-people-living-with-epilepsy-a-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Ying Shi, Shouqi Wang, Jie Ying, Meiling Zhang, Pengcheng Liu, Huanhuan Zhang, Jiao Sun
OBJECTIVE: Epilepsy, one of the most common, serious chronic neurological diseases, is accompanied by different levels of perceived stigma that affects people in almost all age groups. This stigma can negatively impact the physical and mental health of people living with epilepsy (PLWE). Good knowledge of perceived stigma for PLWE is important. In this study, we conducted a meta-analysis to identify the correlates of perceived stigma for PLWE. METHODS: Studies on factors associated with perceived stigma for PLWE, including sociodemographic, psychosocial, and disease-related variables, were searched in PubMed, PsychINFO, EMBASE, and Web of Science...
April 18, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431333/regeneration-and-health-a-structured-rapid-literature-review
#11
REVIEW
G McCartney, W Hearty, M Taulbut, R Mitchell, R Dryden, C Collins
OBJECTIVE: To identify and synthesise what is known about the impacts of regeneration on health, health inequalities and their socio-economic determinants. STUDY DESIGN: Rapid, structured literature review. METHODS: A rapid, structured approach was undertaken to identifying relevant studies involving a search of peer-reviewed literature databases, an Internet search to identify relevant grey literature, and a review of articles citing two key systematic reviews...
April 17, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431305/cognitive-behavioral-high-parental-involvement-treatments-for-pediatric-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-a-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Marina Iniesta-Sepúlveda, Ana I Rosa-Alcázar, Julio Sánchez-Meca, José L Parada-Navas, Ángel Rosa-Alcázar
A meta-analysis on the efficacy of cognitive-behavior-family treatment (CBFT) on children and adolescents with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) was accomplished. The purposes of the study were: (a) to estimate the effect magnitude of CBFT in ameliorating obsessive-compulsive symptoms and reducing family accommodation on pediatric OCD and (b) to identify potential moderator variables of the effect sizes. A literature search enabled us to identify 27 studies that fulfilled our selection criteria. The effect size index was the standardized pretest-postest mean change index...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431186/unfractionated-heparin-versus-low-molecular-weight-heparins-for-avoiding-heparin-induced-thrombocytopenia-in-postoperative-patients
#13
REVIEW
Daniela R Junqueira, Liliane M Zorzela, Edson Perini
BACKGROUND: Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) is an adverse drug reaction presenting as a prothrombotic disorder related to antibody-mediated platelet activation. It is a paradoxical immune reaction resulting in thrombin generation in vivo, which leads to a hypercoagulable state and the potential to initiate venous or arterial thrombosis. A number of factors are thought to influence the incidence of HIT including the type and preparation of heparin (unfractionated heparin (UFH) or low molecular weight heparin (LMWH)) and the heparin-exposed patient population, with the postoperative patient population at higher risk...
April 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431050/role-of-adenosine-guided-pulmonary-vein-isolation-in-patients-undergoing-catheter-ablation-for-atrial-fibrillation-a-meta-analysis
#14
Yi-He Chen, Hui Lin, Cheng-Long Xie, Jian-Wen Hou, Yi-Gang Li
Aims: Adenosine had been reported to unmask dormant conduction and thus identify pulmonary vein at risk of reconnection. However, the role of adjunctive adenosine infusion after pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) on long-term arrhythmia-free survival was still contentious. The purpose of the present meta-analysis was to assess the association of adenosine testing with long-term ablation success in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) (i.e. freedom from AF recurrence). Methods and Results: We systematically searched the electronic databases and finally included 10 studies, with 1771 patients undergoing adenosine-guided PVI and 1787 patients undergoing conventional PVI...
April 1, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430670/comparison-between-long-acting-injectable-aripiprazole-versus-paliperidone-palmitate-in-the-treatment-of-schizophrenia-systematic-review-and-indirect-treatment-comparison
#15
Chi-Un Pae, Sheng-Min Wang, Changsu Han, Won-Myong Bahk, Soo-Jung Lee, Ashwin A Patkar, Prakash S Masand, Alessandro Serretti, Robin Emsley
We investigated the relative efficacy and tolerability of aripiprazole once monthly (AOM) versus paliperidone palmitate (PP) for treating schizophrenia. Extensive databases searches on short-term, placebo-controlled, randomized studies of AOM and PP were performed. Indirect treatment comparisons were performed between the two long-acting injectable antipsychotics (LAIAs). The primary efficacy endpoint was the mean change in the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale total score from baseline between each LAIA and placebo...
April 20, 2017: International Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429965/bayesian-sem-for-specification-search-problems-in-testing-factorial-invariance
#16
Dexin Shi, Hairong Song, Xiaolan Liao, Robert Terry, Lori A Snyder
Specification search problems refer to two important but under-addressed issues in testing for factorial invariance: how to select proper reference indicators and how to locate specific non-invariant parameters. In this study, we propose a two-step procedure to solve these issues. Step 1 is to identify a proper reference indicator using the Bayesian structural equation modeling approach. An item is selected if it is associated with the highest likelihood to be invariant across groups. Step 2 is to locate specific non-invariant parameters, given that a proper reference indicator has already been selected in Step 1...
April 21, 2017: Multivariate Behavioral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429913/effect-of-glucomannan-on-functional-constipation-in-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#17
Yong Han, Lei Zhang, Xiang-Qun Liu, Zhi-Jun Zhao, Lu-Xian Lv
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Constipation, a common complaint in children, considerably affects the quality of life. This systematic review assessed the treatment effects of glucomannan on children with constipation by summarising evidence from previous randomised controlled trials (RCTs). METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A comprehensive electronic literature search was conducted for identifying eligible RCTs that evaluated the effectiveness of glucomannan. The results were reported as mean differences (MDs), standardised mean differences (SMDs), and risk ratios (RRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs)...
May 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429603/effect-of-high-flow-nasal-cannula-oxygen-therapy-versus-conventional-oxygen-therapy-and-noninvasive-ventilation-on-reintubation-rate-in-adult-patients-after-extubation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#18
Hua-Wei Huang, Xiu-Mei Sun, Zhong-Hua Shi, Guang-Qiang Chen, Lu Chen, Jan O Friedrich, Jian-Xin Zhou
PURPOSE: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to evaluate the effect of high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) on reintubation in adult patients. PROCEDURES: Ovid Medline, Embase, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews were searched up to November 1, 2016, for RCTs comparing HFNC versus conventional oxygen therapy (COT) or noninvasive ventilation (NIV) in adult patients after extubation. The primary outcome was reintubation rate, and the secondary outcomes included complications, tolerance and comfort, time to reintubation, length of stay, and mortality...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429473/surgery-for-limited-stage-small-cell-lung-cancer
#19
REVIEW
Hayley Barnes, Katharine See, Stephen Barnett, Renée Manser
BACKGROUND: Current treatment guidelines for limited-stage small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) recommend concomitant platinum-based chemo-radiotherapy plus prophylactic cranial irradiation, based on the premise that SCLC disseminates early, and is chemosensitive. However, although there is usually a favourable initial response, relapse is common and the cure rate for limited-stage SCLC remains relatively poor. Some recent clinical practice guidelines have recommended surgery for stage 1 (limited) SCLC followed by adjuvant chemotherapy, but this recommendation is largely based on the findings of observational studies...
April 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429468/decision-making-in-obesity-without-eating-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-iowa-gambling-task-performances
#20
REVIEW
J-Y Rotge, C Poitou, P Fossati, J Aron-Wisnewsky, J-M Oppert
BACKGROUND: There is evidence that obesity is associated with impairments in executive functions, such as deficits in decision-making, planning or problem solving, which might interfere with weight loss in obese individuals. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of decision-making abilities, as measured with the Iowa gambling task (IGT), in obesity without eating disorders. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted to identify studies comparing IGT performances between groups of obese patients without eating disorders and groups of healthy control groups...
April 21, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
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