Read by QxMD icon Read

Meaning making

Otto Mauro Dos Santos-Rosa, Henrique Simonsen Lunardelli, Marcelo Augusto Fontenelle Ribeiro-Junior
Background: The pyogenic liver abscess has an incidence of 1.1/1,000 habitants. Mortality can reach 100%. The use of less invasive procedures diminish morbidity and hospital stay. Aim: Identify risk factors in patients who underwent percutaneous drainage guided by ultrasound as treatment. Method: Were analyzed 10 patients submitted to the method. Epidemiological characteristics, laboratory markers and imaging exams (ultrasound and CT) were evaluated...
July 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
Catherine Mazzola, Lissa C Baird, David F Bauer, Alexandra Beier, Susan Durham, Paul Klimo, Alexander Y Lin, Catherine McClung-Smith, Laura Mitchell, Dimitrios Nikas, Mandeep S Tamber, Rachana Tyagi, Ann Marie Flannery
BACKGROUND: No evidence-based guidelines exist for the imaging of patients with positional plagiocephaly. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this systematic review and evidence-based guideline is to answer the question, Is imaging necessary for infants with positional plagiocephaly to make a diagnosis? METHODS: The National Library of Medicine Medline database and the Cochrane Library were queried with the use of MeSH headings and key words relevant to imaging as a means to diagnose plagiocephaly...
November 2016: Neurosurgery
Johannes Thrul, Danielle E Ramo
BACKGROUND: Young adults underutilize current evidence-based smoking cessation strategies; yet social media are widely used and accepted among this population. A better understanding of whether and how young adults try to quit smoking in the context of a social media smoking cessation intervention could inform future intervention improvements. OBJECTIVES: We examined frequency, strategies used, and predictors of self-initiated 24-hour quit attempts among young adults participating in a Facebook intervention...
October 19, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
Marta Girvent Vilarmau, Felipe Ojeda Pérez, Maria José Canto Rivera, Marian Lorente Gascón
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The aim of the study is to facilitate the suture on the sacral promontory for laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy. We hypothesised that a new method of sacral anchorage using a biosynthetic material, the polyether ether ketone (PEEK) harpoon, might be adequate because of its tensile strength, might reduce complications owing to its well-known biocompatibility, and might shorten the duration of surgery. METHODS: We verified the feasibility of insertion and quantified the stress resistance of the harpoons placed in the promontory in nine fresh cadavers, using four stress tests in each case...
October 17, 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
Taerim Kim, Shin Ahn, Chang Hwan Sohn, Dong Woo Seo, Won Young Kim
OBJECTIVE: Reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS) is an underestimated cause of thunderclap headache that shares many characteristics with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). This fact makes the two easily confused by emergency physicians. This study evaluated the clinical manifestations, radiological features, and outcomes of patients with RCVS. METHODS: The electronic medical records of 18 patients meeting the diagnostic criteria of RCVS at our emergency department between January 2013 and December 2014 were retrospectively reviewed...
December 2015: Clin Exp Emerg Med
Oline Anita Bjørkelund, Hanna Degerud, Elling Bere
BACKGROUND: Cycling and brisk-walking to work represents an opportunity to incorporate sustainable transport related moderate- to- vigorous physical activity (MVPA) into daily routine among adults, and thus, may make an important contributing to health. Despite the fact that walking and cycling is an option for many commuters and also brings a number of benefits, a considerable proportion of commuters choose to use other means of transport when cycling and walking would be a highly appropriate transport mode...
2016: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
Farzaneh Karimi-Alavijeh, Saeed Jalili, Masoumeh Sadeghi
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome which underlies the increased prevalence of cardiovascular disease and Type 2 diabetes is considered as a group of metabolic abnormalities including central obesity, hypertriglyceridemia, glucose intolerance, hypertension, and dyslipidemia. Recently, artificial intelligence based health-care systems are highly regarded because of its success in diagnosis, prediction, and choice of treatment. This study employs machine learning technics for predict the metabolic syndrome...
May 2016: ARYA Atherosclerosis
H Chen, T Zhao, Y Wang, Y C Sun
OBJECTIVE: To establish a digital method for production of custom trays for edentulous jaws using fused deposition modeling (FDM) based on three-dimensional (3D) scans of primary jaw impressions, and to quantitatively evaluate the accuracy. METHODS: A red modeling compound was used to make a primary impression of a standard maxillary edentulous plaster model. The plaster model data and the primary impression tissue surface data were obtained using a 3D scanner. In the Gemomagic 2012 software, several commands were used, such as interactive drawing curves, partial filling holes, local offset, bodily offset, bodily shell, to imitate clinical procedures of drawing tray boundary, filling undercut, buffer, and generating the tray body...
October 18, 2016: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
M Ohashi, T Hirano, K Watanabe, K Katsumi, H Shoji, A Sano, H Tashi, I Takahashi, M Wakasugi, Y Shibuya, N Endo
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective multicenter study. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the predictive factors for postoperative ambulatory recovery in paretic non-ambulatory patients with metastatic spinal cord compression (MSCC). SETTING: Japan. METHODS: Eighty-two consecutive patients (74.4% men; mean age, 66.2 years) who could not walk before surgery due to cervical or thoracic MSCC and underwent posterior decompressive surgery between 2003 and 2014 were included...
October 18, 2016: Spinal Cord
Gianantonio Rosti, Fausto Castagnetti, Gabriele Gugliotta, Michele Baccarani
The therapeutic armamentarium for chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) comprises mainly tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), with several agents available for frontline treatment, or for the treatment of disease resistance or intolerance to the first-choice or second-choice drug. The availability of different drugs is a major achievement, but means that choices must be made - which can be difficult and questionable at times. The most important end point considered in decision-making regarding treatment for any cancer is overall survival, but additional factors (such as age, prognostic category, safety, or the possibility of achieving treatment-free remission) should be considered when selecting an agent for frontline treatment...
October 18, 2016: Nature Reviews. Clinical Oncology
Luca Padua, Daniele Coraci, Carmen Erra, Costanza Pazzaglia, Ilaria Paolasso, Claudia Loreti, Pietro Caliandro, Lisa D Hobson-Webb
Carpal tunnel syndrome is the most common peripheral nerve entrapment syndrome worldwide. The clinical symptoms and physical examination findings in patients with this syndrome are recognised widely and various treatments exist, including non-surgical and surgical options. Despite these advantages, there is a paucity of evidence about the best approaches for assessment of carpal tunnel syndrome and to guide treatment decisions. More objective methods for assessment, including electrodiagnostic testing and nerve imaging, provide additional information about the extent of axonal involvement and structural change, but their exact benefit to patients is unknown...
November 2016: Lancet Neurology
Manavi Tyagi, Theodora Fteropoulli, Catherine S Hurt, Shashivadan P Hirani, Lorna Rixon, Anna Davies, Nathalie Picaut, Fiona Kennedy, John Deanfield, Shay Cullen, Stanton P Newman
OBJECTIVE: We carried out a cross-sectional study to assess cognitive function in a sample of adult CHD patients, within the Functioning in Adult Congenital Heart Disease study London. The association between cognitive functioning and disease complexity was examined. METHODS: A total of 310 patients participated in this study. Patients were classified into four structural complexity groups - tetralogy of Fallot, transposition of the great arteries, single ventricle, and simple conditions...
October 18, 2016: Cardiology in the Young
Abhinav Aggarwal, Ian A Harris, Justine M Naylor
BACKGROUND: The ideal timing of surgical management for hip fractures remains controversial. Currently, individual surgeon preference and departmental resources guide decision making regarding the use of emergency or planned operating lists for hip fracture surgery. We evaluated patient preference for emergency or planned surgery. METHODS: 102 patients awaiting surgery for a hip fracture at a tertiary hospital were surveyed in this cross-sectional study. After being informed of the benefits and risks associated with an emergency or planned operation, the patients were asked to indicate a hypothetical preference for surgical operating time...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
Qiong Wang, Changchang Li, Yanfang Guo, Adrian G Barnett, Shilu Tong, Dung Phung, Cordia Chu, Keith Dear, Xuemei Wang, Cunrui Huang
OBJECTIVE: Although many individual studies have examined the association between temperature and blood pressure (BP), they used different methods and also their results were somewhat inconsistent. The aims of this study are to quantitatively summarize previous studies and to systematically assess the methodological issues to make recommendations for future research. METHODS: We searched relevant empirical studies published before January 2016 concerning temperature and BP among adults using the MEDLINE, Embase and PubMed databases...
October 14, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Manuela Casula, Lorenza Scotti, Elena Tragni, Luca Merlino, Giovanni Corrao, Alberico L Catapano
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: We aimed at describing the therapeutic approach in young adult patients diagnosed with heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (HeFH) and their adherence and persistence to treatment. METHODS: From regional administrative databases, individuals aged ≤40 years, who received exemption for HeFH between January 1, 2003 and December 31, 2011, and concomitantly started statin treatment, were identified. Within the first year of treatment, we evaluated therapeutic changes, adherence as MPR (medication possession ratio), persistence as continuous drug coverage without gaps ≥60 days, and influencing factors using log binomial models...
October 12, 2016: Atherosclerosis
Habteab Habtom, Sandrine Demanèche, Lorna Dawson, Chen Azulay, Ofra Matan, Patrick Robe, Ron Gafny, Pascal Simonet, Edouard Jurkevitch, Zohar Pasternak
The ubiquity and transferability of soil makes it a resource for the forensic investigator, as it can provide a link between agents and scenes. However, the information contained in soils, such as chemical compounds, physical particles or biological entities, is seldom used in forensic investigations; due mainly to the associated costs, lack of available expertise, and the lack of soil databases. The microbial DNA in soil is relatively easy to access and analyse, having thus the potential to provide a powerful means for discriminating soil samples or linking them to a common origin...
October 6, 2016: Forensic Science International. Genetics
Richard A Gray, Pras Pathmanathan
Elucidating the underlying mechanisms of fatal cardiac arrhythmias requires a tight integration of electrophysiological experiments, models, and theory. Existing models of transmembrane action potential (AP) are complex (resulting in over parameterization) and varied (leading to dissimilar predictions). Thus, simpler models are needed to elucidate the "minimal physiological requirements" to reproduce significant observable phenomena using as few parameters as possible. Moreover, models have been derived from experimental studies from a variety of species under a range of environmental conditions (for example, all existing rabbit AP models incorporate a formulation of the rapid sodium current, INa, based on 30 year old data from chick embryo cell aggregates)...
October 2016: PLoS Computational Biology
Ellen A Lipstein, Daniel J Lovell, Lee A Denson, Sandra C Kim, Charles Spencer, Richard F Ittenbach, Maria T Britto
OBJECTIVES: To understand the association between parents' perceptions of the decision process and the decision outcomes in decisions about the use of biologics in pediatric chronic conditions. METHODS: We mailed surveys to parents of children with IBD (inflammatory bowel disease) or JIA (juvenile idiopathic arthritis) who had started treatment with biologics in the prior two years and were treated at either of 2 children's hospitals. The survey included measures of the decision process, including decision control and physician engagement, and decision outcomes, including conflict and regret...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Michael Shapiro, Frances Ward
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: American Journal of Bioethics: AJOB
Zoe Marshman, Abdussalam Eddaiki, Hilary L Bekker, Philip E Benson
OBJECTIVES: To develop and evaluate a child-centred patient decision aid for young people, and their parents, supporting shared decision making about fixed orthodontic appliance treatment with dental health professionals, namely the Fixed Appliance Decision Aid (FADA). METHODS: The studies were undertaken in a UK teaching dental hospital orthodontic department in 2013-2014. The development phase involved an interview study with: (a) 10 patients (12-16 years old), and their parents, receiving orthodontic care to investigate treatment decision making and inform the content of the FADA and (b) 23 stakeholders critiquing the draft decision aid's content, structure and utility...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Orthodontics
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"