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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544948/defining-instances-and-limbs-during-performance-of-the-standing-turn
#1
Tina Smith, Siobhán Strike
Conventions have been reported to describe walking and turning gait. No such descriptions appear for the 180° standing turn and as such there are inconsistencies in the literature reporting on this movement. The complexity of explaining the standing turning motion, variation in number of steps when turning, and differing strategies used means conventions will make research reporting easier to comprehend and less likely for errors in interpretation. We propose definitions of the 180° standing turning motion and steps used to complete a turn for able-bodied and pathological populations to encourage consistency in reporting...
May 12, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544893/agreement-of-invasive-and-non-invasive-blood-pressure-measurements-in-anaesthetised-pigs-using-the-surgivet-v9203
#2
Philomena P Tuohy, Anthea L Raisis, Eleanor A Drynan
The automated oscillometric method is a common method for measuring blood pressure non-invasively and is broadly and confidently used in the veterinary setting. Twenty-one pigs undergoing anesthesia for exploratory laparotomy were enrolled in a study to evaluate the performance of the Surgivet V9203 non-invasive blood pressure (NIBP) monitor. The aim was to compare measurements of arterial blood pressure obtained simultaneously using the Surgivet V9203 oscillometric system and an intra-arterial catheter-transducer system, both at the level of the metatarsus...
May 19, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544805/a-comparison-of-attitudes-to-laryngeal-cancer-treatment-outcomes-a-time-trade-off-study
#3
David W Hamilton, Ami Pedersen, Hannah Blanchford, Janneke E Bins, Peter McMeekin, Richard Thomson, Vinidh Paleri, Janet A Wilson
DESIGN: Time trade-off choice experiment. SETTING: Two large head and neck cancer centres. PARTICIPANTS: Patients who have received treatment for head and neck cancer and members of the head and neck cancer multidisciplinary team. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Participants were asked to rank the outcome scenarios, assign utility values using time trade-off and rate the importance of survival on treatment choice. RESULTS: 49 head and neck cancer patients and 73 staff members were recruited...
May 19, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544590/location-of-implant-retained-fixed-dentures-affects-oral-health-related-quality-of-life
#4
Maoko Hara, Takashi Matsumoto, Sawako Yokoyama, Daisuke Higuchi, Kazuyoshi Baba
BACKGROUND: The effects of the locations of dental implants on treatment outcomes, as evaluated by oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) assessment, remain controversial. PURPOSE: To investigate the association between the locations of dental implants and changes in OHRQoL. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-eight subjects received implant treatment in the anterior or posterior region and completed the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP) questionnaire before and after treatment...
May 25, 2017: Clinical Implant Dentistry and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544480/obesity-as-a-risk-factor-for-developing-functional-limitation-among-older-adults-a-conditional-inference-tree-analysis
#5
Feon W Cheng, Xiang Gao, Le Bao, Diane C Mitchell, Craig Wood, Martin J Sliwinski, Helen Smiciklas-Wright, Christopher D Still, David D K Rolston, Gordon L Jensen
OBJECTIVE: To examine the risk factors of developing functional decline and make probabilistic predictions by using a tree-based method that allows higher order polynomials and interactions of the risk factors. METHODS: The conditional inference tree analysis, a data mining approach, was used to construct a risk stratification algorithm for developing functional limitation based on BMI and other potential risk factors for disability in 1,951 older adults without functional limitations at baseline (baseline age 73...
May 24, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544259/periodontal-maintenance-following-active-specialist-treatment-should-patients-stay-put-or-return-to-primary-dental-care-for-continuing-care-a-comparison-of-outcomes-based-on-the-literature
#6
REVIEW
P G Leavy, D P Robertson
OBJECTIVES: To review the evidence for the efficacy of periodontal maintenance (PM) carried out in primary dental care (PDC) compared to the specialist setting for patients previously treated in a specialist setting for chronic (ChP) or aggressive (AgP) periodontitis. METHODS: A focused PICO question and search protocol were developed. Online databases including MEDLINE, EMBASE, WEB OF SCIENCE™ and COCHRANE LIBRARY were searched along with specialist journals in the subject area of periodontal research...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544171/effectiveness-of-shared-goal-setting-and-decision-making-to-achieve-treatment-targets-in-type-2-diabetes-patients-a-cluster-randomized-trial-optimal
#7
Henk Den Ouden, Rimke C Vos, Guy E H M Rutten
OBJECTIVE: About 20% of patients with type 2 diabetes achieve all their treatment targets. Shared decision making (SDM) using a support aid based on the 5-years results of the ADDITION study on multifactorial treatment, could increase this proportion. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Cluster-randomized trial in 35 former ADDITION primary care practices. Practices were randomized to SDM or care as usual (1:1). Both ADDITION and non-ADDITION type 2 diabetes patients, 60-80 years, known with diabetes for 8-12 years, were included...
May 24, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544121/is-a-delay-in-the-diagnosis-of-bipolar-disorder-inevitable
#8
Kristina Fritz, Alex M T Russell, Christine Allwang, Sandy Kuiper, Lisa Lampe, Gin S Malhi
OBJECTIVE: A diagnosis of bipolar disorder (BD) is often preceded by an initial diagnosis of depression, creating a delay in the accurate diagnosis and treatment of BD. Although previous research has focused on predictors of a diagnosis change from depression to BD, the research on this delay in diagnosis is sparse. Therefore, the present study examined the time taken to make a BD diagnosis following an initial diagnosis of major depressive disorder in order to further understand the patient characteristics and psychological factors that may explain this delay...
May 22, 2017: Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543995/the-effects-of-restoring-logged-tropical-forests-on-avian-phylogenetic-and-functional-diversity
#9
Cindy C P Cosset, David P Edwards
Selective logging is the most prevalent land-use change in the tropics. Despite the resulting degradation of forest structure, selectively logged forests still harbour a substantial amount of biodiversity leading to suggestions that their protection is the next best alternative to conserving primary, old-growth forests. Restoring carbon stocks under Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+) schemes is a potential method for obtaining funding to protect logged forests, via enrichment planting and liberation cutting of vines...
May 24, 2017: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543973/advancing-the-adverse-outcome-pathway-framework-an-international-horizon-scanning-approach
#10
Carlie A LaLone, Gerald T Ankley, Scott E Belanger, Michelle R Embry, Geoff Hodges, Dries Knapen, Sharon Munn, Edward J Perkins, Murray A Rudd, Daniel L Villeneuve, Maurice Whelan, Catherine Willett, Xiaowei Zhang, Markus Hecker
Our ability to conduct whole-organism toxicity tests to understand chemical safety has been outpaced by the synthesis of new chemicals for a wide variety of commercial applications. As a result, scientists and risk assessors are turning to mechanistically based studies to increase efficiencies in chemical risk assessment and making greater use of in vitro and in silico methods to evaluate potential environmental and human health hazards. In this context, the adverse outcome pathway (AOP) framework has gained traction in regulatory science because it offers an efficient and effective means for capturing available knowledge describing the linkage between mechanistic data and the apical toxicity end points required for regulatory assessments...
June 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543737/conflict-when-making-decisions-about-dialysis-modality
#11
Nien-Hsin Chen, Yu-Ping Lin, Shu-Yuan Liang, Heng-Hsin Tung, Shiow-Luan Tsay, Tsae-Jyy Wang
AIMS AND OBJECTIVE: The two key aims of this study were to explore decisional conflict and its influencing factors on choosing dialysis modality in patients with end-stage renal diseases. The influencing factors investigated include demographics, pre-dialysis education, dialysis knowledge, decision self-efficacy, and social support. BACKGROUND: Making dialysis modality decisions can be challenging for patients with end-stage renal diseases; there are pros and cons to both haemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543091/intraoperative-localized-constrained-registration-in-navigated-bronchoscopy
#12
Erlend Fagertun Hofstad, Hanne Sorger, Janne Beate Lervik Bakeng, Lucian Gruionu, Håkon Olav Leira, Tore Amundsen, Thomas Langø
PURPOSE: One of the major challenges in electromagnetic navigated bronchoscopy is the navigation accuracy. An initial rigid image-to-patient registration may not be optimal for the entire lung volume, as the lung tissue anatomy is likely to have shifted since the time of computer tomography (CT) acquisition. The accuracy of the initial rigid registration will also be affected throughout the procedure by breathing, coughing, patient movement and tissue displacements due to pressure from bronchoscopy tools...
May 25, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542627/predictive-features-of-chronic-kidney-disease-in-atypical-haemolytic-uremic-syndrome
#13
Matthieu Jamme, Quentin Raimbourg, Dominique Chauveau, Amélie Seguin, Claire Presne, Pierre Perez, Pierre Gobert, Alain Wynckel, François Provôt, Yahsou Delmas, Christiane Mousson, Aude Servais, Laurence Vrigneaud, Agnès Veyradier, Eric Rondeau, Paul Coppo
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a frequent and serious complication of atypical haemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS). We aimed to develop a simple accurate model to predict the risk of renal dysfunction in aHUS based on clinical and biological features available at hospital admission. Renal function at 1-year follow-up, based on an estimated glomerular filtration rate < 60mL/min/1.73m2 as assessed by the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease equation, was used as an indicator of significant CKD. Prospectively collected data from a cohort of 156 aHUS patients who did not receive eculizumab were used to identify predictors of CKD...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542456/increasing-systematicity-leads-to-better-selection-decisions-evidence-from-a-computer-paradigm-for-evaluating-selection-tools
#14
Martin Bäckström, Fredrik Björklund
A computerized paradigm was created to allow for testing in the laboratory whether increasing systematicity helps the recruiter make better selection decisions. Participants were introduced to the job and the applicants on the computer screen and asked to select who they thought should be considered for the job and who should not. Level of systematicity, i.e. the extent to which the recruitment is methodical and uses prepared tools, was manipulated between subjects. Depending on experimental condition participants were helped by means of a tool for extracting judgment criteria (job analysis) and a tool for making judgments related to selected criteria (including calculation of a final score)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542323/short-term-impacts-and-value-of-a-periodic-no-take-zone-ntz-in-a-community-managed-small-scale-lobster-fishery-madagascar
#15
Stephen Long
The small-scale lobster fisheries of Madagascar's impoverished southeast coast account for the majority of national catch and export, making a significant contribution to the regional economy. Data suggests catches have declined, likely due to over-exploitation. In response, the community of Sainte Luce has established a locally managed marine area (LMMA) to manage their lobster fishery, including a 13 km2 periodic no take zone (NTZ). Participatory monitoring data were used to assess compliance, identify changes in catch per unit effort (CPUE) associated with the NTZ and consider the short-term value of the NTZ...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541774/meaning-making-after-partner-suicide-a-narrative-exploration-using-the-meaning-of-loss-codebook
#16
Tyler R Pritchard, Jennifer L Buckle
This study explored meaning-making in the narratives of survivors of partner suicide. The 117 posts of 50 users of a public online grief support forum were analyzed using the Meaning of Loss Codebook (Gillies, Neimeyer, & Milman, 2014 ). There was evidence of substantial psychological distress and an ongoing struggle to make meaning of the death, in addition to focusing on memories, longing for the deceased, and efforts to actively cope with the loss. Given the importance of meaning-making in the adjustment to loss, and through the application of the MLC, these findings deepen the understanding of this component of grief...
May 25, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541530/population-projection-and-development-of-the-mythimna-loreyi-lepidoptera-noctuidae-as-affected-by-temperature-application-of-an-age-stage-two-sex-life-table
#17
Jianyang Qin, Lei Zhang, Yueqiu Liu, Thomas W Sappington, Yunxia Cheng, Lizhi Luo, Xingfu Jiang
The Mythimna (=Leucania) loreyi (Duponchel) has recently emerged as a major pest of grain crops in China. Little is known about its basic biology and ecology, making it difficult to predict its population dynamics. An age-stage, two-sex life table was constructed for this insect when reared on maize in the laboratory at five constant temperatures (18, 21, 24, 27, and 30 °C). Both the intrinsic rate of increase (r) and finite rate increase (λ) increased as temperature significantly increased and mean generation time (T) decreased significantly with increasing temperature...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541247/lymphoid-tissue-neoplasms-in-the-neck-region-epidemiological-and-clinical-analysis-over-15-years
#18
Anna Rzepakowska, Klaudyna Zwierzyńska, Ewa Osuch-Wójcikiewicz, Kazimierz Niemczyk
AIM: Epidemiological and clinical analysis of lymphoid tissue neoplasms in the neck region over a 15-year period. MATERIAL: There was performed retrospective analysis of 97 patients, aged 17 to 88 years, mean age of 60.3 years. The analysis included data from subjective study, physical examination, image and histopathological studies Results: Almost all cases were lymphoid neoplasms - 95 patients (98%). B cell lymphoma was the most commonly diagnosed lymphoma - 74 cases (76%), followed by Hodgkin's lymphoma- 19 cases (20%)...
June 30, 2017: Otolaryngologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541211/cortical-brain-computer-interface-for-closed-loop-deep-brain-stimulation
#19
Jeffrey Herron, Margaret Thompson, Tim Brown, Howard Chizeck, Jeffrey Ojemann, Andrew Ko
Essential Tremor is the most common neurological movement disorder. This progressive disease causes uncontrollable rhythmic motions-most often affecting the patient's dominant upper extremity-that occur during volitional movement and make it difficult for the patient to perform everyday tasks. Medication may also become ineffective as the disorder progresses. For many patients, deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the thalamus is an effective means of treating this condition when medication fails. In current use, however, clinicians set the patient's stimulator to apply stimulation at all times-whether it is needed or not...
May 18, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540950/multi-level-quantum-mechanics-theories-and-molecular-mechanics-study-of-the-double-inversion-mechanism-of-the-f-ch3i-reaction-in-aqueous-solution
#20
Peng Liu, Jingxue Zhang, Dunyou Wang
A double-inversion mechanism of the F(-) + CH3I reaction was discovered in aqueous solution using combined multi-level quantum mechanics theories and molecular mechanics. The stationary points along the reaction path show very different structures to the ones in the gas phase due to the interactions between the solvent and solute, especially strong hydrogen bonds. An intermediate complex, a minimum on the potential of mean force, was found to serve as a connecting-link between the abstraction-induced inversion transition state and the Walden-inversion transition state...
May 25, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
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