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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453997/between-a-conditional-s-antecedent-and-its-consequent-discourse-coherence-vs-probabilistic-relevance
#1
Karolina Krzyżanowska, Peter J Collins, Ulrike Hahn
Reasoning with conditionals is central to everyday life, yet there is long-standing disagreement about the meaning of the conditional. One example is the puzzle of so-called missing-link conditionals such as "if raccoons have no wings, they cannot breathe under water." Their oddity may be taken to show that conditionals require a connection between antecedent ("raccoons have no wings") and consequent ("they cannot breathe under water"), yet most accounts of conditionals attribute the oddity to natural-language pragmatics...
April 25, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453573/how-reliable-and-valid-is-the-teacher-version-of-the-strengths-and-difficulties-questionnaire-in-primary-school-children
#2
Meta van den Heuvel, Danielle E M C Jansen, Roy E Stewart, Bouwien C M Smits-Engelsman, Sijmen A Reijneveld, Boudien C T Flapper
INTRODUCTION: The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) is validated for parents, but not yet for teachers in a broad age range of children. We conducted a cross-sectional study with 4-10 years old school children to investigate if the SDQ-T can be used instead of the validated but lengthy Teacher's Report Form (TRF) to acquire information about emotional and behavioral problems in the school community. METHODS: Teachers of 453 children from primary schools were approached...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453433/diagnostic-accuracy-of-selective-3-t-mr-neurography-guided-retroperitoneal-genitofemoral-nerve-blocks-for-the-diagnosis-of-genitofemoral-neuralgia
#3
Jan Fritz, A Lee Dellon, Eric H Williams, Gedge D Rosson, Allan J Belzberg, Frederick E Eckhauser
Purpose To determine if 3-T magnetic resonance (MR) neurography-guided retroperitoneal genitofemoral nerve (GFN) blocks are safe and effective for the diagnosis of genitofemoral neuralgia. Materials and Methods Following institutional review board approval and informed consent, 26 subjects (16 men, 10 women; mean age, 42 years [range, 24-78 years]; mean body mass index, 28 kg/m(2) [range, 20-35 kg/m(2)]) with intractable groin pain were included. By using a 3-T MR imaging system, intermediate-weighted turbo spin-echo pulse sequences, and MR-conditional needles, diagnostic MR neurography-guided GFN blocks were performed in the retroperitoneum...
April 28, 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448635/excited-state-dynamics-of-bis-dehydroxycurcumin-tert-butyl-ester-a-diketo-shifted-derivative-of-the-photosensitizer-curcumin
#4
Luca Nardo, Angelo Maspero, Andrea Penoni, Giovanni Palmisano, Erika Ferrari, Monica Saladini
Bis-dehydroxycurcumin tert-butyl ester (K2T23) is a derivative of the natural spice curcumin. Curcumin is widely studied for its multiple therapeutic properties, including photosensitized cytotoxicity. However, the full exploitation of curcumin phototoxic potential is hindered by the extreme instability of its excited state, caused by very efficient non radiative decay by means of transfer of the enolic proton to the nearby keto oxygen. K2T23 is designed to exhibit a tautomeric equilibrium shifted toward the diketo conformers with respect to natural curcumin...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448621/biochar-from-kon-tiki-flame-curtain-and-other-kilns-effects-of-nutrient-enrichment-and-kiln-type-on-crop-yield-and-soil-chemistry
#5
Naba Raj Pandit, Jan Mulder, Sarah Elisabeth Hale, Hans Peter Schmidt, Gerard Cornelissen
Biochar application to soils has been investigated as a means of improving soil fertility and mitigating climate change through soil carbon sequestration. In the present work, the invasive shrub "Eupatorium adenophorum" was utilized as a sustainable feedstock for making biochar under different pyrolysis conditions in Nepal. Biochar was produced using several different types of kilns; four sub types of flame curtain kilns (deep-cone metal kiln, steel shielded soil pit, conical soil pit and steel small cone), brick-made traditional kiln, traditional earth-mound kiln and top lift up draft (TLUD)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448428/therapeutic-ultrasound-in-navicular-stress-injuries-in-elite-track-and-field-athletes
#6
Nikolaos Malliaropoulos, Dimosthenis Alaseirlis, George Konstantinidis, Agapi Papalada, Ioannis Tsifountoudis, Kosmas Petras, Nicola Maffulli
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain whether therapeutic ultrasound (TUS) can be used to assess the progression of conservative management in navicular stress injuries. DESIGN: This is a prospective, clinical case series. Level of evidence IV. SETTING: All participants were examined and followed up in a private Sports Injury Clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Ten elite track and field athletes with severe dorsal midfoot pain over the navicular bone participated in this study...
May 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447818/correction-to-weststrate-and-gl%C3%A3-ck-2017
#7
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Hard-earned wisdom: Exploratory processing of difficult life experience is positively associated with wisdom" by Nic M. Weststrate and Judith Glück (Developmental Psychology, 2017[Apr], Vol 53[4], 800-814). (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2017-12497-007.) Laypersons and experts believe that wisdom is cultivated through a diverse range of positive and negative life experiences. Yet, not all individuals with life experience are wise. We propose that one possible determinant of growth in wisdom from life experience is self-reflection...
April 27, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447473/a-midterm-review-of-lesser-toe-arthrodesis-with-an-intramedullary-implant
#8
James Lee Harmer, Anthony Wilkinson, Anthony John Maher
Lesser toe deformities are one of the most common conditions encountered by podiatric surgeons. When conservative treatments fail surgical correction is indicated. Many surgical options have been described to address the complex nature of these deformities but no perfect solution has been reported to date. However, with the continued advancement of internal fixation technology, interphalangeal joint (IPJ) arthrodesis with an intramedullary implant may be a good option. This retrospective study presents patient reported outcomes and complications at 6 months and 3 years following lesser toe proximal interphalangeal joint (PIPJ) arthrodesis with a polyketone intrameduallary implant (Toe Grip, Orthosolutions, UK)...
April 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447104/bmp-type-ii-receptor-as-a-therapeutic-target-in-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension
#9
REVIEW
Mar Orriols, Maria Catalina Gomez-Puerto, Peter Ten Dijke
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a chronic disease characterized by a progressive elevation in mean pulmonary arterial pressure. This occurs due to abnormal remodeling of small peripheral lung vasculature resulting in progressive occlusion of the artery lumen that eventually causes right heart failure and death. The most common cause of PAH is inactivating mutations in the gene encoding a bone morphogenetic protein type II receptor (BMPRII). Current therapeutic options for PAH are limited and focused mainly on reversal of pulmonary vasoconstriction and proliferation of vascular cells...
April 26, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446995/marginalized-mixture-models-for-count-data-from-multiple-source-populations
#10
Habtamu K Benecha, Brian Neelon, Kimon Divaris, John S Preisser
Mixture distributions provide flexibility in modeling data collected from populations having unexplained heterogeneity. While interpretations of regression parameters from traditional finite mixture models are specific to unobserved subpopulations or latent classes, investigators are often interested in making inferences about the marginal mean of a count variable in the overall population. Recently, marginal mean regression modeling procedures for zero-inflated count outcomes have been introduced within the framework of maximum likelihood estimation of zero-inflated Poisson and negative binomial regression models...
2017: Journal of Statistical Distributions and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446890/partial-visual-loss-affects-self-reports-of-hearing-abilities-measured-using-a-modified-version-of-the-speech-spatial-and-qualities-of-hearing-questionnaire
#11
Andrew J Kolarik, Rajiv Raman, Brian C J Moore, Silvia Cirstea, Sarika Gopalakrishnan, Shahina Pardhan
We assessed how visually impaired (VI) people perceived their own auditory abilities using an established hearing questionnaire, the Speech, Spatial, and Qualities of Hearing Scale (SSQ), that was adapted to make it relevant and applicable to VI individuals by removing references to visual aspects while retaining the meaning of the original questions. The resulting questionnaire, the SSQvi, assessed perceived hearing ability in diverse situations including the ability to follow conversations with multiple speakers, assessing how far away a vehicle is, and the ability to perceptually segregate simultaneous sounds...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446874/age-related-differences-in-reorganization-of-functional-connectivity-for-a-dual-task-with-increasing-postural-destabilization
#12
Cheng-Ya Huang, Linda L Lin, Ing-Shiou Hwang
The aged brain may not make good use of central resources, so dual task performance may be degraded. From the brain connectome perspective, this study investigated dual task deficits of older adults that lead to task failure of a suprapostural motor task with increasing postural destabilization. Twelve younger (mean age: 25.3 years) and 12 older (mean age: 65.8 years) adults executed a designated force-matching task from a level-surface or a stabilometer board. Force-matching error, stance sway, and event-related potential (ERP) in the preparatory period were measured...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446748/discovering-charge-density-functionals-and-structure-property-relationships-with-prophet-a-general-framework-for-coupling-machine-learning-and-first-principles-methods
#13
Brian Kolb, Levi C Lentz, Alexie M Kolpak
Modern ab initio methods have rapidly increased our understanding of solid state materials properties, chemical reactions, and the quantum interactions between atoms. However, poor scaling often renders direct ab initio calculations intractable for large or complex systems. There are two obvious avenues through which to remedy this problem: (i) develop new, less expensive methods to calculate system properties, or (ii) make existing methods faster. This paper describes an open source framework designed to pursue both of these avenues...
April 26, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446167/evaluation-of-biometry-and-corneal-astigmatism-in-cataract-surgery-patients-from-central-china
#14
Ji-Guo Yu, Jie Zhong, Zhong-Ming Mei, Fang Zhao, Na Tao, Yi Xiang
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the distribution of biometric parameters and corneal astigmatism using the IOLMaster device before phacoemulsification in cataract patients in Central China. METHODS: Consecutive cataract patients were recruited at the Central Hospital of Wuhan between January 2015 and June 2016. Ocular axial length (AL), keratometry values, anterior chamber depth (ACD) and horizontal corneal diameter (white to white [WTW]) of each cataract-affected eye were measured with the IOLMaster device...
April 26, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446010/development-of-decision-support-formulas-for-the-prediction-of-bladder-outlet-obstruction-and-prostatic-surgery-in-patients-with-lower-urinary-tract-symptom-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-part-i-development-of-the-formula-and-its-internal-validation
#15
Min Soo Choo, Changwon Yoo, Sung Yong Cho, Seong Jin Jeong, Chang Wook Jeong, Ja Hyeon Ku, Seung-June Oh
PURPOSE: As the elderly population increases, a growing number of patients have lower urinary tract symptom (LUTS)/benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). The aim of this study was to develop decision support formulas and nomograms for the prediction of bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) and for BOO-related surgical decision-making, and to validate them in patients with LUTS/BPH. METHODS: Patient with LUTS/BPH between October 2004 and May 2014 were enrolled as a development cohort...
April 2017: International Neurourology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445159/invasive-pulmonary-aspergillosis-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#16
Zhiyao Bao, Hong Chen, Min Zhou, Guochao Shi, Qingyun Li, Huanying Wan
Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) is an infection that often occurs in immunocompromised patients and has a high mortality rate. In recent years, the reported incidence of IPA in the context of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has seemingly increased. The combination of factors such as long-term corticosteroid use, increasing rate of bacterial exacerbations over time, lung immune imbalance, and malnutrition are responsible for the emergence of IPA in COPD patients. A diagnosis of IPA in COPD patients is difficult to make, which explains the delay in antifungal therapy and the high mortality rate...
April 8, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444961/biodiversity-and-ecosystem-function-making-sense-of-numerous-species-interactions-in-multi-species-communities
#17
Caroline Brophy, Áine Dooley, Laura Kirwan, John A Finn, Jack McDonnell, Thomas Bell, Marc W Cadotte, John Connolly
Understanding the biodiversity and ecosystem function relationship can be challenging in species-rich ecosystems. Traditionally, species richness has been relied on heavily to explain changes in ecosystem function across diversity gradients. Diversity-Interactions models can test how ecosystem function is affected by species identity, species interactions and evenness, in addition to richness. However, in a species-rich system, there may be too many species interactions to allow estimation of each coefficient, and if all interaction coefficients are estimable, they may be devoid of any sensible biological meaning...
April 26, 2017: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444879/prioritising-treatment-outcomes-how-people-with-acne-vulgaris-decide-if-their-treatment-is-working
#18
Alison M Layton, Heather Whitehouse, E Anne Eady, Fiona Cowdell, Katherine L Warburton, Mark Fenton
AIM: To collect information about how people with acne make day-to-day decisions concerning the effectiveness of their treatment. METHODS: Between May and August 2013, an optional question was embedded in the James Lind Alliance Acne Priority Setting Partnership's online survey to collect treatment uncertainties. The question asked people with acne to 'Tell us in your own words how you decide if your treatment has been effective'. RESULTS: A total of 742 respondents specified at least one outcome or means of assessing change (outcome measure)...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444821/has-the-autonomy-pendulum-swung-too-far
#19
Paul Walker
BACKGROUND: This paper aims to contribute to the discussion about patient-centred care in surgery. It is contended here that the paradigm shift towards patient-centred decision-making in health care does not mean that patient values alone (or those of their proxies) should, uncritically, be the lead decision makers in determining surgical care. METHODS: In support of that contention, three clarifications to our conception of autonomy will be offered. RESULTS: First, autonomy may not be best positioned as the lead principle guiding healthcare decision-making...
April 25, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444770/factors-associated-with-local-recurrence-in-operated-osteosarcomas-a-retrospective-evaluation-of-95-cases-from-a-tertiary-care-center-in-a-resource-challenged-environment
#20
Rishi R Poudel, Vivek Tiwari, Venkatesan S Kumar, Sameer Bakhshi, Shivanand Gamanagatti, Shah Alam Khan, Shishir Rastogi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Local control of disease is one of the main goals of osteosarcoma management. We conducted a retrospective evaluation of 95 operated cases of osteosarcoma over 7 years to know about the factors associated with local recurrence in resource-challenged environment of the developing world. METHODS: The factors which were evaluated and compared between local recurrence and non-local recurrence groups included demographic profile, site of tumor, whether biopsy done outside, type of surgery (limb salvage or amputation), presence of pathological fracture, vicinity of neurovascular bundle, tumor volume, histological subtype, chemotherapy induced necrosis, surgical margins, and delay in surgery...
April 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
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