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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107779/effects-of-mineralocorticoid-receptor-antagonists-on-the-progression-of-diabetic-nephropathy
#1
Li-Jing Sun, Yan-Ni Sun, Jian-Ping Shan, Geng-Ru Jiang
AIMS: We aimed to evaluate the potential benefits and adverse effects of adding a mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist (MRA) to angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) and/or angiotensin receptor blockers (ARB), as standard treatment in patients with DN. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We scanned the Embase, PubMed, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases for human clinical trials published in English until June 2016, evaluating renal outcomes in patients with DN...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107730/systemic-atherosclerosis-and-voiding-symptom
#2
A Ozgur Yeniel, A Mete Ergenoglu, Reci Meseri, Anıl Ari, Ceren Sancar, Ismail Mete Itil
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of atherosclerosis on the storage and voiding symptoms of the bladder in women with overactive bladder (OAB). STUDY DESIGN: We retrospectively reviewed the charts of women with OAB who were evaluated between 2013 and 2015 in our urogynecology unit. Charts were assessed for history, examination findings, urinary diary, quality of life (QOL) questionnaires, urodynamic studies (UDSs), and four main risk factors for atherosclerosis: hypertension, diabetes mellitus, smoking, and hyperlipidemia...
January 9, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107680/a-randomized-clinical-trial-of-buprenorphine-for-prisoners-findings-at-12-months-post-release
#3
Michael S Gordon, Timothy W Kinlock, Robert P Schwartz, Kevin E O'Grady, Terrence T Fitzgerald, Frank J Vocci
BACKGROUND: This study examined whether starting buprenorphine treatment prior to prison and after release from prison would be associated with better drug treatment outcomes and whether males and females responded differently to the combination of in-prison treatment and post-release service setting. METHODS: Study design was a 2 (In-Prison Treatment: Condition: Buprenorphine Treatment: vs. Counseling Only)×2 [Post-Release Service Setting Condition: Opioid Treatment: Program (OTP) vs...
January 11, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107400/when-contact-is-not-enough-affecting-first-year-medical-students-image-towards-older-persons
#4
Sasmita Kusumastuti, Esther van Fenema, Eugenie C F Polman-van Stratum, Wilco Achterberg, Jolanda Lindenberg, Rudi G J Westendorp
CONTEXT: Many medical schools have initiated care internships to familiarize their students with older persons and to instil a professional attitude. OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of care internships on the image that first-year medical students have of older persons and to explore the underlying concepts that may play a role in shaping this image. DESIGN: Survey before and after a two-week compulsory care internship using the Aging Semantic Differential (ASD; 32 adjectives) and the Attitudes toward Old People (AOP; 34 positions) questionnaires...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107318/culturally-sensitive-care-enlisting-community-partners-to-meet-mexican-american-caregiver-needs
#5
Carolyn Spence Cagle, Jo Nell Wells
BACKGROUND: Culturally sensitive interventions are needed to assist Mexican American (MA) patients with cancer and their family members in managing their care, navigating the healthcare system, and decreasing disparities in healthcare outcomes for Hispanics with cancer. 
. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to understand the meaning of culturally sensitive care for oncology clinic healthcare providers and to assess the usefulness and feasibility of the role of a promotora de salud to meet caregiver needs...
February 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107288/effects-of-infant-formula-with-human-milk-oligosaccharides-on-growth-and-morbidity-a-randomized-multicenter-trial
#6
Giuseppe Puccio, Philippe Alliet, Cinzia Cajozzo, Elke Janssens, Giovanni Corsello, Norbert Sprenger, Susan Wernimont, Delphine Egli, Laura Gosoniu, Philippe Steenhout
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated effects of infant formula supplemented with 2 human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs) on infant growth, tolerance and morbidity. METHODS: Healthy infants, 0-14 days old, were randomized to an intact-protein, cow's-milk-based infant formula (Control, n = 87) or the same formula with 1.0 g/L 2'fucosyllactose (2'FL) and 0.5 g/L lacto-N-neotetraose (LNnT) (Test, n = 88) from enrollment to 6 months; all infants received standard follow-up formula without HMOs from 6-12 months...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107234/comparison-between-acrylic-cage-and-polyetheretherketone-peek-cage-in-single-level-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#7
Majid R Farrokhi, Zahra Nikoo, Mehrnaz Gholami, Khadijeh Hosseini
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, single-blind randomized-controlled clinical study. OBJECTIVE: To compare polyetheretherketone (PEEK) cage with a novel Acrylic cage to find out which fusion cage yielded better clinical outcomes following single-level anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: ACDF is considered a standard neurosurgical treatment for degenerative diseases of cervical intervertebral disks. There are many options, including bone grafts, bone cement, and spacers made of titanium, carbon fiber, and synthetic materials, used to restore physiological disk height and enhance spinal fusion, but the ideal device, which would provide immediate structural support and subsequent osteointegration and stability, has not been identified yet...
February 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107207/dynamic-mechanical-interactions-between-neighboring-airspaces-determine-cyclic-opening-and-closure-in-injured-lung
#8
Ludovic Broche, Gaetano Perchiazzi, Liisa Porra, Angela Tannoia, Mariangela Pellegrini, Savino Derosa, Alessandra Sindaco, João Batista Borges, Loïc Degrugilliers, Anders Larsson, Göran Hedenstierna, Anthony S Wexler, Alberto Bravin, Sylvia Verbanck, Bradford J Smith, Jason H T Bates, Sam Bayat
OBJECTIVES: Positive pressure ventilation exposes the lung to mechanical stresses that can exacerbate injury. The exact mechanism of this pathologic process remains elusive. The goal of this study was to describe recruitment/derecruitment at acinar length scales over short-time frames and test the hypothesis that mechanical interdependence between neighboring lung units determines the spatial and temporal distributions of recruitment/derecruitment, using a computational model. DESIGN: Experimental animal study...
January 19, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107063/hematologic-and-biochemical-values-of-wild-red-tailed-amazon-parrot-amazona-brasiliensis-nestlings-with-abnormal-clinical-examination-in-rasa-island-brazil
#9
Frederico Fontanelli Vaz, Rosangela Locatelli-Dittrich, Olair Carlos Beltrame, Elenise Angelotti Bastos Sipinski, Maria Cecília Abbud, Rafael Meirelles Sezerban
The red-tailed Amazon parrot (Amazona brasiliensis) is an endangered psittacine species, but little information is available about abnormal clinical findings and hematologic and biochemical values of this species, which are important for monitoring the health of this population. To determine hematologic and biochemical values for wild red-tailed parrot nestlings exhibiting abnormal clinical findings, 31 nestlings from the Rasa Island (Paraná State, Southern Brazil) were physically restrained for clinical examination and blood sample collection...
December 2016: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107038/prevalence-of-and-factors-associated-with-sarcopenia-in-korean-cancer-survivors-based-on-data-obtained-by-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-knhanes-2008-2011
#10
Eun Young Kim, Kirang Kim, Young Saing Kim, Hee Kyung Ahn, Yu Mi Jeong, Jeong Ho Kim, Won-Jun Choi
Using a representative dataset from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) from 2008 to 2011, we analyzed anthropometric and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA)-determined body composition findings for 493 cancer survivors (mean age a61.1 ± 12.6 years; 35.7% male). A much higher proportion of men (30.1%) than women (0.6%) met the criteria of sarcopenia. Subjects with a history of lung cancer, genitourinary cancer, or gastric cancer were prone to develop sarcopenia (31.6%, 26...
January 20, 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106819/modeling-aboveground-biomass-in-hulunber-grassland-ecosystem-by-using-unmanned-aerial-vehicle-discrete-lidar
#11
Dongliang Wang, Xiaoping Xin, Quanqin Shao, Matthew Brolly, Zhiliang Zhu, Jin Chen
Accurate canopy structure datasets, including canopy height and fractional cover, are required to monitor aboveground biomass as well as to provide validation data for satellite remote sensing products. In this study, the ability of an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) discrete light detection and ranging (lidar) was investigated for modeling both the canopy height and fractional cover in Hulunber grassland ecosystem. The extracted mean canopy height, maximum canopy height, and fractional cover were used to estimate the aboveground biomass...
January 19, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106779/water-quality-sanitation-and-hygiene-conditions-in-schools-and-households-in-dolakha-and-ramechhap-districts-nepal-results-from-a-cross-sectional-survey
#12
Akina Shrestha, Subodh Sharma, Jana Gerold, Séverine Erismann, Sanjay Sagar, Rajendra Koju, Christian Schindler, Peter Odermatt, Jürg Utzinger, Guéladio Cissé
This study assessed drinking water quality, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) conditions among 708 schoolchildren and 562 households in Dolakha and Ramechhap districts of Nepal. Cross-sectional surveys were carried out in March and June 2015. A Delagua water quality testing kit was employed on 634 water samples obtained from 16 purposively selected schools, 40 community water sources, and 562 households to examine water quality. A flame atomic absorption spectrophotometer was used to test lead and arsenic content of the same samples...
January 18, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106719/body-adiposity-index-performance-in-estimating-body-fat-percentage-in-colombian-college-students-findings-from-the-fuprecol-adults-study
#13
Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista, Katherine González-Ruíz, Andrés Vivas, Héctor Reynaldo Triana-Reina, Javier Martínez-Torres, Daniel Humberto Prieto-Benavides, Hugo Alejandro Carrillo, Jeison Alexander Ramos-Sepúlveda, Emilio Villa-González, Antonio García-Hermoso
Recently, a body adiposity index (BAI = (hip circumference)/((height)(1.5))(-18)) was developed and validated in adult populations. The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of BAI in estimating percentage body fat (BF%) in a sample of Colombian collegiate young adults. The participants were comprised of 903 volunteers (52% females, mean age = 21.4 years ± 3.3). We used the Lin's concordance correlation coefficient, linear regression, Bland-Altman's agreement analysis, concordance correlation coefficient (ρc) and the coefficient of determination (R²) between BAI, and BF%; by bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA))...
January 17, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106699/association-between-odontoma-and-impacted-teeth
#14
Gaetano Isola, Marco Cicciù, Luca Fiorillo, Giovanni Matarese
Odontoma is considered to be the most common odontogenic tumor of the oral cavity. Most odontomas are asymptomatic and are discovered during routine radiographic investigations and can cause disturbances in the eruption of the teeth, most commonly delayed eruption or deflection. By a retrospective study design, demographic and clinical data regarding patients who presented odontomas from year 1995 to 2015 were obtained in order and the influence of active therapy on the dentition and on the treatment of impacted teeth was analyzed...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106675/treatment-of-slipped-capital-femoral-epiphysis-with-the-modified-dunn-procedure-a-multicenter-study
#15
Masquijo J Javier, Allende Victoria, D'Elia Martín, Miranda Gabriela, Fernández Claudio A
INTRODUCTION: Treatment of moderate to severe slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) is controversial. Over the last years, 3 institutions in Argentina adopted the modified Dunn procedure for capital realignment in selected cases of SCFE. Our aim in this study was to evaluate the clinical outcome and the rate of complications of patients who had undergone surgical hip dislocation and capital realignment. METHODS: A multicenter retrospective cohort study of patients who received the modified Dunn procedure from January 2009 to 2013 was performed...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106619/video-assisted-thoracic-surgery-in-patients-with-previous-sternotomy-and-cardiac-surgery
#16
Derek R Serna-Gallegos, Heather E Merry, Robert J McKenna
OBJECTIVE: Although video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) lobectomy has become a standard approach for early-stage 1 lung cancer, concerns exist regarding potential damage to the heart or bypass grafts when VATS is performed after cardiac surgery via median sternotomy. We could find only case reports regarding VATS lobectomy after sternotomy for cardiac surgery. Therefore, we reviewed our series of patients who underwent VATS anatomic resections after sternotomy for cardiac surgery. METHODS: Between 1996 and 2010, there were 87 patients who underwent 88 pulmonary resections after sternotomy for coronary artery bypass grafting (64), valve replacement or repair (12), coronary artery bypass graft and valve replacement (6), and transplant (5)...
January 19, 2017: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106500/cortical-plasticity-of-motor-eloquent-areas-measured-by-navigated-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-in-patients-with-glioma
#17
Neal Conway, Noémie Wildschuetz, Tobias Moser, Lucia Bulubas, Nico Sollmann, Noriko Tanigawa, Bernhard Meyer, Sandro M Krieg
OBJECTIVE The goal of this study was to obtain a better understanding of the mechanisms underlying cerebral plasticity. Coupled with noninvasive detection of its occurrence, such an understanding has huge potential to improve glioma therapy. The authors aimed to demonstrate the frequency of plastic reshaping, find clues to the patterns behind it, and prove that it can be recognized noninvasively using navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation (nTMS). METHODS The authors used nTMS to map cortical motor representation in 22 patients with gliomas affecting the precentral gyrus, preoperatively and 3-42 months postoperatively...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106448/accelerating-ab%C3%A2-initio-molecular-dynamics-and-probing-the-weak-dispersive-forces-in-dense-liquid-hydrogen
#18
Guglielmo Mazzola, Sandro Sorella
We propose an ab initio molecular dynamics method, capable of dramatically reducing the autocorrelation time required for the simulation of classical and quantum particles at finite temperatures. The method is based on an efficient implementation of a first order Langevin dynamics modified by means of a suitable, position dependent acceleration matrix S. Here, we apply this technique to both Lennard-Jones models, to demonstrate the accuracy and speeding-up of the sampling, and within a quantum Monte Carlo based wave function approach, for determining the phase diagram of high-pressure hydrogen with simulations much longer than the autocorrelation time...
January 6, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106244/second-malignancy-risk-in-patients-with-bronchopulmonary-carcinoids-epidemiological-results-from-italian-network-of-cancer-registries
#19
Filippo Lococo, Carla Galeone, Claudio Sacchettini, Giovanni Leuzzi, Alfredo Cesario, Massimiliano Paci, Lucia Mangone
PURPOSE: This epidemiological study aimed to determine the prevalence and characteristics of second tumors (STs) in patients with bronchopulmonary carcinoids (BCs). METHODS: Data on neuroendocrine carcinomas (NECs) from the AIRTUM registry (1975-2011) were used for the analysis. Among 32,325 NECs, we focused our analysis on 3,205 patients (9.9%) affected by BCs. The overall ST number and incidence were calculated. The number of STs was compared with the expected cancer number in the healthy Italian population, and the standardized incidence ratio (SIR) and 95% confidence intervals were calculated...
January 16, 2017: Tumori
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106231/a-case-control-study-of-cemented-acetabular-total-hip-arthroplasty-components-in-patients-less-than-50-with-5-year-minimum-follow-up
#20
Thomas F M Yeoman, William Smy, Paul Gaston
BACKGROUND: This study investigates the outcomes of cemented sockets in young patients (<50 years) requiring a total hip replacement (THR) compared to older patients (>50 years) having the same procedure, under the same surgeon between June 2005 and May 2009. METHODS: Prosthesis survivorship rates, patient outcomes and radiological findings were compared between a consecutive series of 56 young patients (mean 42, range 25-49) and 56 older patients (mean 69, range 53-81) that underwent a primary THR using a cemented Stryker® Exeter™ Contemporary™ flanged cup...
January 20, 2017: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
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