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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231704/genetic-correlations-between-behavioural-responses-and-performance-traits-in-laying-hens
#1
Iwona Rozempolska-Rucińska, Grzegorz Zięba, Lucyna Kibała, Tomasz Paweł Próchniak, Marek Łukaszewicz
The aim of the study was to evaluate genetic correlations between the behavioural profile and performance in laying hens as an indirect answer to the question whether the observed behavioural responses are associated with increased levels of stress in these birds. The assessment of birds' temperament was carried out using the Novel Objects Test. The behavioural test was conducted in two successive generations comprising 9483 Rhode Island White birds (approx. 4700 individuals per generation) and 4326 Rhode Island Red birds (approx...
February 23, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231696/performance-differences-of-rhode-island-red-bashang-long-tail-chicken-and-their-reciprocal-crossbreds-under-natural-cold-stress
#2
Shanshan Xie, Xukai Yang, Yahui Gao, Wenjie Jiao, Xinghua Li, Yajie Li, Zhonghua Ning
Objective: The Bashang Long-tail chicken (BS), an indigenous Chinese breed, is considered cold tolerant. We selected BS, the Rhode Island Red (RIR), and their reciprocal crossbreds for the present study. The objectives were: 1) to validate whether BS is cold tolerant and whether egg production and cold tolerance of crossbreds could be improved; and 2) to determine the physiological characteristics that underlie cold tolerance and favorable egg production performance in cold environments...
February 23, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231684/emergency-peripartum-hysterectomy-a-challenge-or-an-obstetrical-defeat
#3
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVES: Peripartum hysterectomy remains an obstetric nightmare. Most obstetricians consider it a defeat. The aim of our study was to assess the prevalence, indications, procedures and complications of emergency peripartum hysterectomy (EPH) in the 2nd Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Medical University of Warsaw during a 7 year period (2007-2013). METHODS: A retrospective evaluation of 21,144 deliveries was performed. We analyzed all cases of EPH, including the maternal characteristics, obstetrical history, course of pregnancy and delivery, type of surgery and complications...
October 24, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231683/the-adverse-effects-of-exercise-and-supraphysiological-dose-of-testosterone-enanthate-te-on-exploratory-activity-in-elevated-plus-maze-epm-test-indications-for-using-total-exploratory-activity-tea-as-a-new-parameter-for-exploratory-activity-estimation-in-epm
#4
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was the estimation of effects induced by chronic administration of supraphysiological dose of TE and prolonged exercise in male rats on anxiety levels (alterations in exploratory activity patterns in EPM). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two sedentary (control - C and testosterone-enanthate - T) and two exercise (exercise - E and testosterone-enanthate plus exercise - T+E) groups (n=32) underwent adequate protocols - the swimming protocol (1 h/day) and TE (20 mg/kg/w, s...
October 24, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231664/-cross-sectional-surveys-on-the-use-of-recreational-drug-nitrous-acid-ester-rush-poppers-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men-nanjing
#5
Z P Zhu, M Zhang, Y Y Xu, W J Xu, L Liu, S S Wu, L Guo, X Li
Objective: To investigate the situation of recreational drug nitrous acid ester inhaler-rush poppers use in men who have sex with men (MSM). Methods: From April to June in 2014, October to December in 2014, April to June in 2015, three round cross-sectional surveys were conducted in MSM recruited in Nanjing by means of serum test and questionnaire survey. Results: Of the 1 721 MSM surveyed in three round, 19.3% (332/1 721) had ever used rush poppers, the proportions of MSM who used rush poppers in three round surveys showed an increasing trend (liner by liner χ(2)= 14...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231659/-correlative-factors-on-prevalence-rate-of-dislipidemia-among-1-337-coal-miners-in-shanxi-province
#6
Z D Fu, D D Wen, B Wang, S L Xue, G S Liu, X H Li, Z H Zhao, J Wang, B G Wei, S P Wang
Objective: To understand the prevalence rate and correlative factors of dislipidemia among Shanxi coal miners and to provide evidence for the development of programs on dislipidemia prevention. Methods: We investigated 1 337 mine workers from a Coal Group in April 2016 and collected data related to their blood biochemistry. We then classified the types in accordance with the diagnostic criteria of " Guidelines for prevention and treatment of dyslipidemia in Chinese adults (2007)" , using χ(2) test and unconditional logistic regression model for analysis...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231657/-impact-and-changes-of-maternal-hemoglobin-on-birth-weight-in-pregnant-women-of-zhuang-nationality-in-guangxi
#7
J H Chen, X F Guo, S Liu, J H Long, G Q Zhang, M C Huang, X Q Qiu
Objective: To investigate the hemoglobin (Hb) levels during pregnancy and Hb changes from early pregnancy and association with birth weight on infants. Methods: Mothers of Zhuang Nationality who participated in the pregnancy care program and delivered at the Pingguo County Hospital from May 2013 to May 2015 were included in this study. Retrospective analysis was applied to collect data of health care and pregnancy outcomes. Multiple regression analysis and unconditional logistic regression model were used for data analysis...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231651/radiographic-measurement-of-joint-space-width-using-the-fixed-flexion-view-in-1-102-knees-of-japanese-patients-with-osteoarthritis-in-comparison-with-the-standing-extended-view
#8
Hiroyuki Kan, Yuji Arai, Masashi Kobayashi, Shuji Nakagawa, Hiroaki Inoue, Manabu Hino, Shintaro Komaki, Kazuya Ikoma, Keiichiro Ueshima, Hiroyoshi Fujiwara, Toshikazu Kubo
Purpose: The fixed flexion view (FFV) of the knee is considered useful for evaluating the joint space when assessing the severity of osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee. To clarify the usefulness of FFV for evaluation of the joint space and severity of knee OA, this study evaluated changes in the joint space on the FFV and standing extended view (SEV) in patients with knee OA. Materials and Methods: The SEV and FFV images were acquired in 567 patients (1,102 knees) who visited the hospital with a chief complaint of knee joint pain...
March 1, 2017: Knee Surgery & related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231649/optimal-timing-for-hemoglobin-concentration-determination-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-day-1-versus-day-2
#9
Mahdi Yacine Khalfaoui, Charles Godavitarne, Michael C P Wilkinson
Purpose: Postoperative hemoglobin (Hb) determination remains an essential parameter for quantifying blood loss following total knee replacement (TKR) surgery and guiding transfusion practice. In this study we aimed to ascertain the optimal timing for Hb determination postoperatively and assess its relationship to serum hematocrit (Hct). Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective cohort analysis of 61 consecutive patients undergoing preoperative, day 1 and day 2 Hb and Hct concentration determination following TKR surgery...
March 1, 2017: Knee Surgery & related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231648/evaluation-of-infection-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-during-a-short-period
#10
Hee-June Kim, Hyun-Joo Lee, Jong-Chul Lee, Seung-Gi Min, Hee-Soo Kyung
Purpose: We encountered 7 cases (7.1%) of infection (5 deep and 2 superficial) in 98 cases of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction using hamstring autografts in a 17-month period. The aim of this study was to analyze the causes of infection and to introduce our treatment strategy. Materials and Methods: We investigated the shelf-life of the fixation implants, the order of surgery, previous knee surgery, infectious pathogen, treatment of infection, and results of treatment...
March 1, 2017: Knee Surgery & related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231644/mid-term-outcomes-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-with-far-anteromedial-portal-technique
#11
Yoon Sang Jeon, Sung Wook Choi, Ju Hyun Park, Jae Sik Yoon, Jung Sub Shin, Myung Ku Kim
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the mid-term outcomes of anatomic anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction using two anteromedial (AM) portals by comparing with short-term follow-up results. Materials and Methods: Fifty patients who were treated by ACL reconstruction using a two AM portal technique were evaluated retrospectively. The follow-up period was at least 5 years. The mean follow-up period was 68.5±13.9 months. The mid-term clinical outcomes were compared with short-term (≥12 months) results...
March 1, 2017: Knee Surgery & related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231643/three-dimensional-reconstruction-computed-tomography-evaluation-of-the-tunnel-location-and-angle-in-anatomic-single-bundle-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-comparison-of-the-anteromedial-portal-and-outside-in-techniques
#12
Kang-Il Kim, Sang Hak Lee, Chanil Bae, Sung Hae Bae
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the geometry and position of the femoral tunnel between the anteromedial portal (AMP) and outside-in (OI) techniques after anatomic single-bundle anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. Materials and Methods: We evaluated 82 patients undergoing single-bundle ACL reconstruction with hamstring autografts using either the AMP (n=40) or OI (n=42) technique. The locations of the tunnel apertures were assessed by postoperative 3-dimensional computed tomography imaging...
March 1, 2017: Knee Surgery & related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231642/meniscal-transplants-and-scaffolds-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#13
REVIEW
Sean Dangelmajer, Filippo Familiari, Roberto Simonetta, Mehmet Kaymakoglu, Gazi Huri
The reported incidence of meniscal tears is approximately 61 per 100,000. In instances where preservation of the native meniscus is no longer a feasible option, meniscal allograft transplantation (MAT) and implants or scaffolds may be considered. The goal of this review was to compare the success and failure rates of two techniques, MAT and meniscal scaffolds, and make an inference which treatment is more preferable at the present time and future. Studies that met inclusion criteria were assessed for technique used, type of transplant used, number of procedures included in the study, mean age of patients, mean follow-up time, number of failures, failure rate, and reported reoperation rate...
March 1, 2017: Knee Surgery & related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231627/factors-predicting-recovery-from-suicide-in-attempted-suicide-patients
#14
Fan-Ko Sun, Chu-Yun Lu, Yun Shan Tseng, Chun-Ying Chiang
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore the factors predicting suicide recovery and to provide guidance for healthcare professionals when caring for individuals who have attempted suicide. BACKGROUND: The high rate of suicide is a global health problem. Suicide prevention has become an important issue in contemporary mental health. Most suicide research has focused on suicidal prevention and care. There is a lack of research on the factors predicting suicidal recovery DESIGN: A cross-sectional design was adopted...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231623/compassion-fatigue-in-nurses-a-metasynthesis
#15
Anna G W Nolte, Charlene Downing, Annie Temane, Marie Hastings-Tolsma
AIM: The purpose of this research was to interpret the body of qualitative work focusing on compassion fatigue to distill a common understanding that could then be applied to nursing care. BACKGROUND: Complex demands place extraordinary stress on nurses struggling to work in overburdened healthcare systems. The result can be the inability to care well for others, leading to compassion fatigue, burnout, and increased numbers leaving the profession. Meta-synthesis offers a means of more fully illuminating compassion fatigue and further understanding of practices which might reduce its negative consequences...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231619/connective-tissue-graft-and-tunnel-or-trapezoidal-flap-for-the-treatment-of-single-maxillary-gingival-recessions-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#16
Mauro Pedrine Santamaria, Felipe Lucas da Silva Neves, Camila Augusto Silveira, Ingrid Fernandes Mathias, Stephanie Botti Fernandes-Dias, Maria Aparecida Neves Jardini, Dimitris N Tatakis
BACKGROUND: Although ample evidence supports connective tissue graft (CTG) use for root coverage, there is need for research on recipient site preparation approaches. The purpose of this study was to compare the outcomes of trapezoidal coronally advanced flap (CAF) and coronally advanced tunnel flap (TUN) when used in conjunction with CTG. METHODS: Forty-two patients presenting 42 single maxillary, Miller Class I and II, gingival recession defects were randomly assigned to receive either CAF+CTG (N=21) or TUN+CTG (N=21)...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231616/a-dedicated-nutritional-care-program-nutricare-to-reduce-malnutrition-in-institutionalized-dysphagic-older-people-a-quasi-experimental-study
#17
Milko Zanini, Annamaria Bagnasco, Gianluca Catania, Giuseppe Aleo, Marina Sartini, Maria Luisa Cristina, Stefania Ripamonti, Fiammetta Monacelli, Patrizio Odetti, Loredana Sasso
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of a texture-modified food program for dysphagia on the nutritional, biochemical, and functional profile in a cohort of institutionalized older people in Italy. BACKGROUND: Dysphagic institutionalized older people, often also affected by dementia, are frequently exposed to malnutrition. Malnutrition in older people has negative effects on mortality, days of hospitalization, infection, wound healing, and risk of pressure injuries...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231611/leg-vascular-and-skeletal-muscle-mitochondrial-adaptations-to-aerobic-high-intensity-exercise-training-are-enhanced-in-the-early-postmenopausal-phase
#18
Michael Nyberg, Jon Egelund, Camilla M Mandrup, Caroline B Andersen, Karen M B E Hansen, Ida-Marie F Hergel, Nicholai Valbak-Andersen, Ruth Frikke-Schmidt, Bente Stallknecht, Jens Bangsbo, Ylva Hellsten
Exercise training leads to favourable adaptations within skeletal muscle; however, this effect of exercise training may be blunted in postmenopausal women due to the loss of oestrogens. Furthermore, postmenopausal women may have an impaired vascular response to acute exercise. We examined the haemodynamic response to acute exercise in matched pre- and postmenopausal women before and after 12 weeks of aerobic high intensity exercise training. Twenty premenopausal and 16 early postmenopausal (3.1 ± 0.5 [mean ± SEM] years after final menstrual period) women only separated by 4 (50 ± 0 versus 54 ± 1) years of age were included...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231607/position-in-the-second-stage-of-labour-for-women-with-epidural-anaesthesia
#19
REVIEW
Marion Kibuka, Jim G Thornton
BACKGROUND: Epidural analgesia for pain relief in labour prolongs the second stage of labour and results in more instrumental deliveries. It has been suggested that a more upright position of the mother during all or part of the second stage may counteract these adverse effects. This is an update of a Cochrane review first published in 2013. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of different birthing positions (upright and recumbent) during the second stage of labour, on important maternal and fetal outcomes for women with epidural analgesia...
February 24, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231604/variations-in-body-morphology-explain-gender-differences-in-thermoeffector-function-during-compensable-heat-stress
#20
Sean R Notley, Joonhee Park, Kyoko Tagami, Norikazu Ohnishi, Nigel A S Taylor
Gender is sometimes thought to independently modulate cutaneous vasomotor and sudomotor function during heat exposure. Nevertheless, it was hypothesised that, when assessed during compensable exercise that evoked equal heat-loss requirements across participants, gender differences in those thermoeffectors would be explained by variations in the ratio between body surface area and mass (specific surface area). To evaluate that possibility, vasomotor and sudomotor functions were assessed in sixty individuals (36 males, 24 females) with widely varying (overlapping) specific surface areas (range: 232...
February 23, 2017: Experimental Physiology
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