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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706445/reoperative-complications-following-pediatric-liver-transplantation
#1
Dor Yoeli, Ruth L Ackah, Rohini R Sigireddi, Michael L Kueht, N Thao N Galvan, Ronald T Cotton, Abbas Rana, Christine A O'Mahony, John A Goss
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to describe the incidence and impact of reoperation following pediatric liver transplantation, as well as the indications and risk factors for these complications. METHODS: All primary pediatric liver transplants performed at our institution between January 2012 and September 2016 were reviewed. A reoperative complication was defined as a complication requiring return to the operating room within 30 days or the same hospital admission as the transplant operation, excluding retransplantation...
April 7, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602707/neutrophil-extracellular-traps-were-released-during-intraoperative-blood-salvage-in-posterior-lumbar-surgery
#2
Li Zheng, Ming Tian, Ye Zhang, Peng Dong, He Yang
The formation of neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) has been associated with endothelial damage and severe pulmonary dysfunction. The present study aimed to investigate whether this NETosis occurs during intraoperative blood salvage (IBS), and whether the washing procedures before re-transfusion of autologous blood could remove the NET components, including DNA, histones, and myeloperoxidase. The study was performed using blood samples from 20 patients who underwent posterior lumbar surgery at the Beijing Friendship Hospital...
March 14, 2018: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214459/the-role-of-intraoperative-cell-salvage-system-on-blood-management-in-major-orthopedic-surgeries-a-cost-benefit-analysis
#3
Altuğ Duramaz, Mustafa Gökhan Bilgili, Berhan Bayram, Nezih Ziroğlu, Erdem Edipoğlu, Halil Nadir Öneş, Cemal Kural, Mustafa Cevdet Avkan
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to compare the efficiency and cost of cell salvage systems with allogeneic blood transfusions in patients who had major elective orthopedic surgeries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Consecutive 108 patients who had intraoperative cell saver (CS) performed routinely constitute the study group. In control group, consecutive 112 patients who were operated without intraoperative CS were investigated. Hemoglobin (Hb) level less than 8 mg/dL was regarded as the absolute transfusion indication...
December 6, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100029/validation-of-an-lc-ms-ms-assay-to-simultaneously-monitor-the-intracellular-active-metabolites-of-tenofovir-emtricitabine-and-lamivudine-in-dried-blood-spots
#4
Amanda P Schauer, Craig Sykes, Mackenzie L Cottrell, Heather Prince, Angela D M Kashuba
The ability to monitor adherence to antiretroviral therapy is critical for the interpretation of outcomes from clinical studies of HIV, and for optimizing patient care. The antiretrovirals tenofovir (TFV), emtricitabine (FTC), and lamivudine (3TC) are commonly included in drug regimens for HIV prevention and treatment. The active form of the drugs tenofovir diphosphate (TFVdp), emtricitabine triphosphate (FTCtp), and lamivudine triphosphate (3TCtp) are found intracellularly in erythrocytes and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs)...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546128/predictive-factors-of-intraoperative-cell-salvage-during-pediatric-scoliosis-surgery-cell-saver-during-scoliosis-surgery-in-children
#5
Daphné Michelet, Florence Julien-Marsollier, Julie Hilly, Thierno Diallo, Christophe Vidal, Souhayl Dahmani
INTRODUCTION: Blood-saving strategy during spinal surgery in children often includes recombinant erythropoietin (rEPO) and antifibrinolytic therapapy (AFT). The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of intraoperative blood salvage in decreasing homologous blood transfusion. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Using the prospective data from patients operated during a one year period for scoliosis correction, we calculate the predictable hematocrit at day postoperative 1 without the use of blood salvage and compare it to the target hematocrit transfusion according to patient's status...
May 22, 2017: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323673/clinical-pearls-of-maternal-critical-care-part-2-sickle-cell-disease-in-pregnancy
#6
REVIEW
Vinod Patil, Gamunu Ratnayake, Galina Fastovets
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The current review outlines the challenges in managing pregnant women with sickle-cell anemia, who are at risk of becoming critically ill during pregnancy. RECENT FINDINGS: Sickle obstetric patients pose unique challenges to the anesthetist and intensivist. We discuss the role of prophylactic transfusions for specific indications like acute anemia and twin pregnancies. The management and prevention of vaso-occlusive crises and chest crisis are also outlined...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994257/changes-in-cerebral-oxygenation-during-transfusion-therapy
#7
Mumin Hakim, Dmitry Tumin, David P Martin, Walter Samora, Allan C Beebe, Jan E Klamar, Ashley B Hodge, Joseph D Tobias
This study assesses the effects of transfusion of autologous or allogeneic blood on cerebral and tissue oxygenation during spinal surgery. Packed red blood cell transfusions are indicated to improve oxygen delivery to tissues. There are limited data demonstrating changes in tissue oxygenation with blood administration. Tissue (deltoid) and cerebral oxygenation were monitored using near-infrared spectroscopy during spinal surgery in patients. As indicated, cell saver or allogeneic blood was administered. Tissue and cerebral oxygenation were recorded before and after transfusion...
December 2016: Journal of Extra-corporeal Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27398896/indications-and-outcomes-of-cell-saver-in-adolescent-scoliosis-correction-surgery-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Nicholas Stone, Vandit Sardana, Paul Missiuna
STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the indications and outcomes for intraoperative cell salvage during adolescent scoliosis correction surgery by systematically reviewing all available evidence. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Several blood conservation strategies exist to minimize the consequences of blood loss because of scoliosis correction surgery. The utility of intraoperative cell salvage has been contested in the literature with respect to benefits and cost...
March 15, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26354746/versatile-minimized-system-a-step-towards-safe-perfusion
#9
Y M Ganushchak, E P J Körver, Y Yamamoto, P W Weerwind
A growing body of evidence indicates the superiority of minimized cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) systems compared to conventional systems in terms of inflammatory reactions and transfusion requirements. Evident benefits of minimized CPB systems, however, do not come without consequences. Kinetic-assisted drainage, as used in these circuits, can result in severe fluctuations of venous line pressures and, consequently, fluctuation of the blood flow delivered to the patient. Furthermore, subatmospheric venous line pressures can cause gaseous microemboli...
May 2016: Perfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26311910/implementation-of-an-obstetric-cell-salvage-service-in-a-tertiary-women-s-hospital
#10
Eileen Lew, Shephali Tagore
INTRODUCTION: Intraoperative cell salvage (ICS) is an important aspect of patient blood management programmes. An ICS service was introduced at KK Women's and Children's Hospital, Singapore, from 2 May 2011 to 30 April 2013 to aid in the management of massive obstetric haemorrhage. METHODS: With support from the Ministry of Health's Healthcare Quality Improvement and Innovation Fund, a workgroup comprising obstetricians, anaesthetists and nursing staff was formed to develop training requirements, clinical guidelines and protocols for implementing ICS using the Haemonetics Cell Saver 5...
August 2015: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26284801/-in-process-citation
#11
Zoltán Oláh, László Hidi, László Entz, Zoltán Szeberin
INTRODUCTION: The adequate exposure of the upper abdominal aorta and its side branches are essential for vascular reconstruction of this region. Besides the traditional transperitoneal, retroperitoneal approach or thoracolaparotomy, left medial visceral rotation (MVR) is an option to explore this hardly accessible region. We present our MVR experiences in aortic surgery. METHODS: Using median or subcostal laparotomy we mobilised the left colon, the spleen, the pancreas and performed dissection in the retroperitoneal area leaving the left kidney in place...
August 2015: Magyar Sebészet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26234639/comparison-of-cell-stabilizing-blood-collection-tubes-for-circulating-plasma-tumor-dna
#12
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Patricia Valda Toro, Bracha Erlanger, Julia A Beaver, Rory L Cochran, Dustin A VanDenBerg, Elizabeth Yakim, Karen Cravero, David Chu, Daniel J Zabransky, Hong Yuen Wong, Sarah Croessmann, Heather Parsons, Paula J Hurley, Josh Lauring, Ben Ho Park
OBJECTIVES: Circulating plasma DNA is being increasingly used for biomedical and clinical research as a substrate for genetic testing. However, cell lysis can occur hours after venipuncture when using standard tubes for blood collection, leading to an increase in contaminating cellular DNA that may hinder analysis of circulating plasma DNA. Cell stabilization agents can prevent cellular lysis for several days, reducing the need for immediate plasma preparation after venipuncture, thereby facilitating the ease of blood collection and sample preparation for clinical research...
October 2015: Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25929204/cost-effectiveness-of-cell-saver-in-short-segment-lumbar-laminectomy-and-fusion-%C3%A2-3-levels
#13
Patrick D Kelly, Scott L Parker, Stephen K Mendenhall, Jesse E Bible, Priya Sivasubramaniam, David N Shau, Matthew J McGirt, Clinton J Devin
STUDY DESIGN: Mixed retrospective-prospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: To characterize practice patterns for the use of Cell Saver at our institution, investigate its cost-effectiveness, and propose a new tool for patient selection. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Blood loss is an exceedingly common complication of spine surgery, and Cell Saver intraoperative cell salvage has been used to decrease reliance on allogeneic blood transfusions for blood volume replacement...
September 1, 2015: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25842675/-peculiarities-of-application-of-a-cell-saver-apparatus-in-neonathal-cardiosurgery-using-artificial-blood-circulation
#14
S O Kuz'menko, K S Chasovs'kyĭ
Elaborated and introduced into the practice method of the blood preservation, while correction of complex inborn heart failures (IHF) in a newborn babies, was proposed. It assumes application of system for intraoperative reinfusion of own erythrocytes with processing of residual perfusate and their reinfusion in a postperfusion period. Impact of the blood preservation on volume of a donor's blood components, hematological indices and methods of application of washed erythrocytes while correction of complex IHF in a newborn babies were presented...
January 2015: Klinichna Khirurhiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25635358/cell-saver-use-in-acetabular-surgery-does-approach-matter
#15
Reza Firoozabadi, Alan Swenson, Conor Kleweno, Milton C Routt
OBJECTIVE: To determine if intraoperative autologous transfusion using a Cell Saver (CS) was routinely indicated for open reduction internal fixation (ORIF) of acetabular fractures, and if so, was there a difference between differing surgical approaches. DESIGN: Retrospective single-center cohort study. SETTING: University Level 1 trauma center. PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS: One hundred forty-five consecutive acetabular fractures using intraoperative autologous transfusion, either treated with an anterior ilioinguinal or a posterior-based Kocher-Langenbeck approach, were compared...
August 2015: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25232442/high-sensitivity-to-heparin-associates-with-cell-salvage-transfusion-in-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-patient-undergoing-posterior-spinal-fusion
#16
Li Du, Jianqiao Zheng, Yumin Tang
A 16-year-old male with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis was scheduled for the posterior spinal fusion (PSF) under general anesthesia. The cell saver was routinely prepared preoperatively and 400 ml of salvaged red blood cells were transfused during the surgery. After the cell salvage transfusion, the oozing of blood in surgical wounds occurred and the activated coagulation time (ACT) of the arterial blood was 999 s, considering the possibility of the residual heparin in the cell salvage, 30 mg of protamine was injected intravenously, 5 min later the ACT dropped to 125 s...
2014: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24912120/the-pattern-of-blood-loss-in-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis
#17
Dmitri van Popta, John Stephenson, Davandra Patel, Rajat Verma
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Previous studies have shown that modern intraoperative blood-saving techniques dramatically reduce the allogeneic transfusion requirements in surgery for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). No studies have looked at the pattern of postoperative hemoglobin (Hb) in AIS patients undergoing corrective spinal surgery and correlated this with the timing of allogeneic transfusion. PURPOSE: To describe the pattern of perioperative blood loss in instrumented surgery for AIS...
December 1, 2014: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24068441/does-the-surgical-approach-in-one-stage-bilateral-total-hip-arthroplasty-affect-blood-loss
#18
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Javad Parvizi, Mohammad R Rasouli, Mehrad Jaberi, Guillaume Chevrollier, Scott Vizzi, Peter F Sharkey, William J Hozack
PURPOSE: It is not clear whether type of surgical approach affects the amount of blood loss in one-stage bilateral total hip arthroplasty (THA). This study therefore aims to examine if type of surgical approach can affect peri-operative blood loss and allogeneic blood transfusion in patients undergoing one-stage bilateral THA. METHODS: Records of 319 patients who underwent one-stage bilateral THA from January 2004 to June 2011 were retrospectively reviewed. Patients were divided into two groups: direct anterior (DA) approach (75 patients) and direct lateral (DL) approach (244 patients)...
December 2013: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23953537/intraoperative-fluid-and-pharmacologic-management-and-the-anesthesiologist-s-supervisory-role-for-nontraditional-technologies-during-liver-transplantation-a-survey-of-us-academic-centers
#19
MULTICENTER STUDY
R Schumann, S Mandell, M D Michaels, J Klinck, A Walia
BACKGROUND: Volume resuscitation and use of vasoactive medications during liver transplantation has not been systematically assessed. Furthermore, the anesthesiologist's role for intraoperative oversight of technologies such as renal replacement therapy and procedures such as venovenous bypass is poorly defined, and it is unclear if the center's annual transplant frequency affects these practices. METHODS: We conducted a database analysis of the Liver Transplant Anesthesia Consortium survey 202 that addresses these questions...
July 2013: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23812158/bipolar-sealer-device-reduces-blood-loss-and-transfusion-requirements-in-posterior-spinal-fusion-for-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis
#20
Zachary L Gordon, Jochen P Son-Hing, Connie Poe-Kochert, George H Thompson
BACKGROUND: Reducing perioperative blood loss and transfusion requirements is important in the operative treatment of idiopathic scoliosis. This can be achieved with special frames, cell saver systems, pharmacologic aspects, and other techniques. Recently there has been interest in bipolar sealer devices as an adjunct to traditional monopolar electrocautery. However, there is limited information on this device in pediatric spinal deformity surgery. We reviewed our experience with this device in a setting of a standard institutional operative carepath...
October 2013: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
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