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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792520/changes-in-the-neurovascular-anatomy-of-the-shoulder-after-an-open-latarjet-procedure-defining-a-surgical-safe-zone
#1
Christopher M LaPrade, Andrew S Bernhardson, Zachary S Aman, Gilbert Moatshe, Jorge Chahla, Grant J Dornan, Robert F LaPrade, Matthew T Provencher
BACKGROUND: Although previous literature has described the relevant anatomy for an open anterior Bankart approach of the shoulder, there is little known regarding the anatomic relationship changes in the neurovascular structures after an open Latarjet procedure. PURPOSE: To define the neurovascular anatomy of the native shoulder in relation to the coracoid and to define the anatomy after the Latarjet procedure in relation to the glenoid to determine distances to these neurovascular structures with and without neurolysis of the musculocutaneous nerve (MCN) from the conjoint tendon...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789252/a-history-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-at-the-national-football-league-combine-results-in-inferior-early-national-football-league-career-participation
#2
Matthew T Provencher, James P Bradley, Jorge Chahla, Anthony Sanchez, Brendin R Beaulieu-Jones, Justin W Arner, Nicholas I Kennedy, George Sanchez, Mitchell I Kennedy, Gilbert Moatshe, Mark E Cinque, Robert F LaPrade
PURPOSE: To evaluate whether players with a history of an anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) before the National Football League (NFL) Combine played or started fewer games and/or participated in fewer eligible snaps compared with NFL Combine participants without a history of knee injury or surgery. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of all players who participated in the NFL Combine between 2009 and 2015 and who had a history of an ACLR...
May 19, 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773588/prevention-diagnosis-and-management-of-paediatric-acl-injuries
#3
Clare L Ardern, Guri Ranum Ekås, Hege Grindem, Håvard Moksnes, Allen Anderson, Franck Chotel, Moises Cohen, Magnus Forssblad, Theodore J Ganley, Julian A Feller, Jón Karlsson, Mininder S Kocher, Robert F LaPrade, Michael McNamee, Bert Mandelbaum, Lyle Micheli, Nicholas G H Mohtadi, Bruce Reider, Justin P Roe, Romain Seil, Rainer Siebold, Holly J Silvers-Granelli, Torbjørn Soligard, Erik Witvrouw, Lars Engebretsen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770342/fibular-collateral-ligament-varus-stress-radiographic-analysis-using-3-different-clinical-techniques
#4
Patrick W Kane, Mark E Cinque, Gilbert Moatshe, Jorge Chahla, Nicholas N DePhillipo, Matthew T Provencher, Robert F LaPrade
Background: Fibular collateral ligament (FCL) tears are challenging to diagnose. Left untreated, FCL tears lead to residual ligament instability and increased joint loading on the medial compartment of the knee. Additionally, when a concomitant anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is performed, increased forces on reconstruction grafts occur, which may lead to premature graft failure. Stress radiographs constitute a reliable and validated technique for the objective assessment of a complete grade III FCL tear...
May 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754495/evaluation-of-anterior-intermeniscal-ligament-in-discoid-lateral-meniscus-cases-and-presenting-the-accompanying-meniscal-pathologies-with-mri
#5
Ali Koç, Turgut Tursem Tokmak, Özgür Karabıyık, Gamze Türk
Background Although several studies were conducted to put forth the biomechanical function of anterior intermeniscal ligament (AIML) on the stability of meniscal structures, there are few data on the etiology of the early degeneration of discoid type compared to the normal shaped ones. Purpose To determine the AIML subtypes and accompanying meniscal pathologies in discoid lateral menisci (DLM) on knee MRI exams. Material and Methods Knee MRI exams of 171 individuals with DLM were reviewed. DLMs and AIMLs were typed according to Watanabe's classification and Nelson-Laprade classification, respectively...
January 1, 2018: Acta Radiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742532/osteoarticular-allograft-transplantation-of-the-trochlear-groove-for-trochlear-dysplasia-a-case-report
#6
Nicholas N DePhillipo, Mitchell I Kennedy, Zachary S Aman, Gilbert Moatshe, Robert F LaPrade
CASE: A 21-year-old woman with recurrent lateral patellar instability caused by severe trochlear dysplasia and concomitant grade-IV trochlear chondromalacia was treated successfully with osteoarticular allograft transplantation of the entire trochlear groove. CONCLUSION: The treatment of chronic lateral patellar instability caused by trochlear dysplasia can be challenging. When nonoperative treatment is unsuccessful, a sulcus-deepening trochleoplasty may be indicated...
May 9, 2018: JBJS Case Connector
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622245/editorial-commentary-we-know-we-need-to-fix-knee-meniscal-radial-root-tears-but-how-best-to-perform-the-repairs
#7
EDITORIAL
Robert F LaPrade
The present work further contributes to building the base of the research pyramid by noting the importance of repairing knee meniscal radial root tears. Because of the extensive biomechanical studies that have now been published on the restoration of joint mechanics and with what I believe results in a higher likelihood of an improved healing environment with securing the meniscus root tear down to bone, I would strongly recommend that when one does see a meniscus root tear that the transtibial pullout root repair technique be considered over a side-to-side repair...
April 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594177/2018-international-olympic-committee-consensus-statement-on-prevention-diagnosis-and-management-of-pediatric-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injuries
#8
Clare L Ardern, Guri Ekås, Hege Grindem, Håvard Moksnes, Allen F Anderson, Franck Chotel, Moises Cohen, Magnus Forssblad, Theodore J Ganley, Julian A Feller, Jón Karlsson, Mininder S Kocher, Robert F LaPrade, Mike McNamee, Bert Mandelbaum, Lyle Micheli, Nicholas G H Mohtadi, Bruce Reider, Justin P Roe, Romain Seil, Rainer Siebold, Holly J Silvers-Granelli, Torbjørn Soligard, Erik Witvrouw, Lars Engebretsen
In October 2017, the International Olympic Committee hosted an international expert group of physical therapists and orthopaedic surgeons who specialize in treating and researching pediatric anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries. The purpose of this meeting was to provide a comprehensive, evidence-informed summary to support the clinician and help children with ACL injury and their parents/guardians make the best possible decisions. Representatives from the following societies attended: American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine; European Paediatric Orthopaedic Society; European Society for Sports Traumatology, Knee Surgery, and Arthroscopy; International Society of Arthroscopy, Knee Surgery and Orthopaedic Sports Medicine; Pediatric Orthopaedic Society of North America; and Sociedad Latinoamericana de Artroscopia, Rodilla, y Deporte...
March 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593980/anatomic-posterolateral-corner-reconstruction-with-autografts
#9
Carlos Eduardo Franciozi, Leonardo José Bernardes Albertoni, Guilherme Conforto Gracitelli, Fernando Cury Rezende, Luiz Felipe Ambra, Fábio Pacheco Ferreira, Marcelo Seiji Kubota, Sheila Jean McNeil Ingham, Marcus Vinícius Malheiros Luzo, Moisés Cohen, Rene Jorge Abdalla
Anatomic posterolateral corner reconstruction reproduces 3 main structures: the lateral collateral ligament, the popliteofibular ligament, and the popliteus tendon. The LaPrade technique reproduces all 3 main stabilizers. However, it requires a long graft, limiting its indication to clinical settings in which allograft tissue is available. We propose a surgical procedure that is a modification of the LaPrade technique using the same tunnel placement, hamstring autografts, and biceps augmentation when necessary...
February 2018: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574455/meniscal-root-tears-a-silent-epidemic
#10
Mark E Cinque, Jorge Chahla, Gilbert Moatshe, Scott C Faucett, Aaron J Krych, Robert F LaPrade
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 24, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573931/acromioclavicular-and-coracoclavicular-ligament-reconstruction-for-acromioclavicular-joint-instability-a-systematic-review-of-clinical-and-radiographic-outcomes
#11
REVIEW
Gilbert Moatshe, Bradley M Kruckeberg, Jorge Chahla, Jonathan A Godin, Mark E Cinque, Matthew T Provencher, Robert F LaPrade
PURPOSE: To perform a systematic review of the available literature on clinical and radiographic outcomes after surgical treatment for acromioclavicular (AC) joint instability. METHODS: A systematic review was performed according to PRISMA guidelines. Inclusion criteria were AC joint and coracoclavicular (CC) ligament reconstruction outcomes, English language, human studies, more than 10 patients in the study and a 2-year minimum follow-up. Exclusion criteria were animal studies, cadaveric studies, clinical studies without reported follow-up period or patient-reported outcomes, clinical studies of nonoperative treatment, AC reconstructions with concurrent lateral clavicle fracture, editorial articles, abstracts, presentations, reviews, case reports, and surveys...
March 21, 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558208/anterolateral-knee-extra-articular-stabilizers-a-robotic-sectioning-study-of-the-anterolateral-ligament-and-distal-iliotibial-band-kaplan-fibers
#12
Andrew G Geeslin, Jorge Chahla, Gilbert Moatshe, Kyle J Muckenhirn, Bradley M Kruckeberg, Alex W Brady, Ashley Coggins, Grant J Dornan, Alan M Getgood, Jonathan A Godin, Robert F LaPrade
BACKGROUND: The individual kinematic roles of the anterolateral ligament (ALL) and the distal iliotibial band Kaplan fibers in the setting of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) deficiency require further clarification. This will improve understanding of their potential contribution to residual anterolateral rotational laxity after ACL reconstruction and may influence selection of an anterolateral extra-articular reconstruction technique, which is currently a matter of debate. Hypothesis/Purpose: To compare the role of the ALL and the Kaplan fibers in stabilizing the knee against tibial internal rotation, anterior tibial translation, and the pivot shift in ACL-deficient knees...
May 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557869/variability-in-the-preparation-reporting-and-use-of-bone-marrow-aspirate-concentrate-in-musculoskeletal-disorders-a-systematic-review-of-the-clinical-orthopaedic-literature
#13
Nicolas S Piuzzi, Zaamin B Hussain, Jorge Chahla, Mark E Cinque, Gilbert Moatshe, Venkata P Mantripragada, George F Muschler, Robert F LaPrade
BACKGROUND: Interest in the therapeutic potential of bone marrow aspirate concentrate (BMAC) has grown exponentially. However, comparisons among studies and their processing methods are challenging because of inconsistent reporting of protocols, as well as poor characterization of the composition of the initial bone marrow aspirate and of the final products delivered. The purpose of this study was to perform a systematic review of the literature to evaluate the level of reporting related to the protocols used for BMAC preparation and the composition of BMAC utilized in the treatment of musculoskeletal diseases in published clinical studies...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554460/reporting-of-mesenchymal-stem-cell-preparation-protocols-and-composition-a-systematic-review-of-the-clinical-orthopaedic-literature
#14
Patrick G Robinson, Iain R Murray, Christopher C West, Ewan B Goudie, Li Y Yong, Timothy O White, Robert F LaPrade
BACKGROUND: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are increasingly being used in the treatment of a wide variety of sports-related conditions. Despite this enthusiasm, the biological properties of MSCs and their effects on musculoskeletal tissue healing remain poorly understood. MSC-based strategies encompass cell populations with heterogeneous phenotypes isolated from multiple tissues and using different methods. Therefore, comprehensive reporting of the source, preparation methods, and characteristics of MSC strategies is essential to enable interpretation of results...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554436/biomechanical-evaluation-of-the-medial-stabilizers-of-the-patella
#15
Matthew D LaPrade, Samantha L Kallenbach, Zachary S Aman, Gilbert Moatshe, Hunter W Storaci, Travis Lee Turnbull, Elizabeth A Arendt, Jorge Chahla, Robert F LaPrade
BACKGROUND: Quantification of the biomechanical properties of each individual medial patellar ligament will facilitate an understanding of injury patterns and enhance anatomic reconstruction techniques by improving the selection of grafts possessing appropriate biomechanical properties for each ligament. PURPOSE: To determine the ultimate failure load, stiffness, and mechanism of failure of the medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL), medial patellotibial ligament (MPTL), and medial patellomeniscal ligament (MPML) to assist with selection of graft tissue for anatomic reconstructions...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517925/meniscus-root-repair-vs-meniscectomy-or-nonoperative-management-to-prevent-knee-osteoarthritis-after-medial-meniscus-root-tears-clinical-and-economic-effectiveness
#16
Scott C Faucett, Benjamin Peter Geisler, Jorge Chahla, Aaron J Krych, Peter R Kurzweil, Abigail M Garner, Shan Liu, Robert F LaPrade, Jan B Pietzsch
BACKGROUND: Medial meniscus root tears are a common knee injury and can lead to accelerated osteoarthritis, which might ultimately result in a total knee replacement. PURPOSE: To compare meniscus repair, meniscectomy, and nonoperative treatment approaches among middle-aged patients in terms of osteoarthritis development, total knee replacement rates (clinical effectiveness), and cost-effectiveness. STUDY DESIGN: Meta-analysis and cost-effectiveness analysis...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484250/patellofemoral-chondral-defect-in-a-preadolescent-skier-a-case-report-in-early-sport-specialization
#17
Nicholas N DePhillipo, Mark E Cinque, Nicholas I Kennedy, Jorge Chahla, Gilbert Moatshe, Robert F LaPrade
Background and Purpose: Early sport specialization (ESS) refers to intense training year round in a specific sport starting at a young age with no or limited participation in other sports. This approach to training is highly controversial; recent literature suggests that this type of specialized training could be a contributing source to overuse injuries in youth athletes. The purpose of this case report was to describe a patellofemoral articular cartilage defect of the knee in a preadolescent skier due to overuse and repetitive microtrauma as a result of ESS...
February 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478021/2018-international-olympic-committee-consensus-statement-on-prevention-diagnosis-and-management-of-paediatric-anterior-cruciate-ligament-acl-injuries
#18
Clare L Ardern, Guri Ranum Ekås, Hege Grindem, Håvard Moksnes, Allen F Anderson, Franck Chotel, Moises Cohen, Magnus Forssblad, Theodore J Ganley, Julian A Feller, Jón Karlsson, Minider S Kocher, Robert F LaPrade, Michael McNamee, Bert Mandelbaum, Lyle Micheli, Nicholas Mohtadi, Bruce Reider, Justin Roe, Romain Seil, Rainer Siebold, Holly J Silvers-Granelli, Torbjørn Soligard, Erik Witvrouw, Lars Engebretsen
In October 2017, the International Olympic Committee hosted an international expert group of physiotherapists and orthopaedic surgeons who specialise in treating and researching paediatric ACL injuries. Representatives from the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine, European Paediatric Orthopaedic Society, European Society for Sports Traumatology, Knee Surgery & Arthroscopy, International Society of Arthroscopy Knee Surgery and Orthopaedic Sports Medicine, Pediatric Orthopaedic Society of North America and Sociedad Latinoamericana de Artroscopia, Rodilla y Deporte attended...
April 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468171/influence-of-meniscal-and-chondral-lesions-on-patient-reported-outcomes-after-primary-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-at-2-year-follow-up
#19
Mark E Cinque, Jorge Chahla, Justin J Mitchell, Gilbert Moatshe, Jonas Pogorzelski, Colin P Murphy, Nicholas I Kennedy, Jonathan A Godin, Robert F LaPrade
Background: Meniscal and chondral lesions are commonly associated with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears, and these lesions may play a role in patient outcomes after ACL reconstruction. Purpose: To determine the effects of the presence and location of meniscal and chondral lesions at the time of ACL reconstruction on patient-reported outcomes at a minimum 2-year follow-up. Study Design: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3. Methods: Patients with no prior knee surgery who underwent primary ACL reconstruction by a single surgeon between 2010 and 2014 were included in this study...
February 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467269/polygamy-or-subdioecy-the-impact-of-diallelic-self-incompatibility-on-the-sexual-system-in-fraxinus-excelsior-oleaceae
#20
Pierre Saumitou-Laprade, Philippe Vernet, Arnaud Dowkiw, Sylvain Bertrand, Sylvain Billiard, Béatrice Albert, Pierre-Henri Gouyon, Mathilde Dufay
How flowering plants have recurrently evolved from hermaphroditism to separate sexes (dioecy) is a central question in evolutionary biology. Here, we investigate whether diallelic self-incompatibility (DSI) is associated with sexual specialization in the polygamous common ash ( Fraxinus excelsior ), which would ultimately facilitate the evolution towards dioecy. Using interspecific crosses, we provide evidence of strong relationships between the DSI system and sexual phenotype. The reproductive system in F...
February 28, 2018: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
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