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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445399/advances-in-psychiatric-diagnosis-past-present-and-future
#1
EDITORIAL
Carol S North, Alina M Surís
This editorial examines controversies identified by the articles in this special issue, which explore psychopathology in the broad history of the classification of selected psychiatric disorders and syndromes over time through current American criteria. Psychiatric diagnosis has a long history of scientific investigation and application, with periods of rapid change, instability, and heated controversy associated with it. The articles in this issue examine the history of psychiatric nomenclature and explore current and future directions in psychiatric diagnosis through the various versions of accepted diagnostic criteria and accompanying research literature addressing the criteria...
April 26, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430909/clinical-trial-principles-and-endpoint-definitions-for-paravalvular-leaks-in-surgical-prosthesis-an-expert-statement
#2
Carlos E Ruiz, Rebecca T Hahn, Alain Berrebi, Jeffrey S Borer, Donald E Cutlip, Greg Fontana, Gino Gerosa, Reda Ibrahim, Vladimir Jelnin, Hasan Jilaihawi, E Marc Jolicoeur, Chad Kliger, Itzhak Kronzon, Jonathon Leipsic, Francesco Maisano, Xavier Millan, Patrick Nataf, Patrick T O'Gara, Philippe Pibarot, Stephen R Ramee, Charanjit S Rihal, Josep Rodes-Cabau, Paul Sorajja, Rakesh Suri, Julie A Swain, Zoltan G Turi, E Murat Tuzcu, Neil J Weissman, Jose L Zamorano, Patrick W Serruys, Martin B Leon
The VARC (Valve Academic Research Consortium) for transcatheter aortic valve replacement set the standard for selecting appropriate clinical endpoints reflecting safety and effectiveness of transcatheter devices, and defining single and composite clinical endpoints for clinical trials. No such standardization exists for circumferentially sutured surgical valve paravalvular leak (PVL) closure. This document seeks to provide core principles, appropriate clinical endpoints, and endpoint definitions to be used in clinical trials of PVL closure devices...
April 18, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427582/clinical-trial-principles-and-endpoint-definitions-for-paravalvular-leaks-in-surgical-prosthesis-an-expert-statement
#3
REVIEW
Carlos E Ruiz, Rebecca T Hahn, Alain Berrebi, Jeffrey S Borer, Donald E Cutlip, Greg Fontana, Gino Gerosa, Reda Ibrahim, Vladimir Jelnin, Hasan Jilaihawi, E Marc Jolicoeur, Chad Kliger, Itzhak Kronzon, Jonathon Leipsic, Francesco Maisano, Xavier Millan, Patrick Nataf, Patrick T O'Gara, Philippe Pibarot, Stephen R Ramee, Charanjit S Rihal, Josep Rodes-Cabau, Paul Sorajja, Rakesh Suri, Julie A Swain, Zoltan G Turi, E Murat Tuzcu, Neil J Weissman, Jose L Zamorano, Patrick W Serruys, Martin B Leon
The VARC (Valve Academic Research Consortium) for transcatheter aortic valve replacement set the standard for selecting appropriate clinical endpoints reflecting safety and effectiveness of transcatheter devices, and defining single and composite clinical endpoints for clinical trials. No such standardization exists for circumferentially sutured surgical valve paravalvular leak (PVL) closure. This document seeks to provide core principles, appropriate clinical endpoints, and endpoint definitions to be used in clinical trials of PVL closure devices...
April 25, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417301/overview-of-coronary-heart-disease-risk-initiatives-in-south-asia
#4
REVIEW
Ankur Kalra, Deepak L Bhatt, Sanjay Rajagopalan, Kunal Suri, Sundeep Mishra, Romaina Iqbal, Salim S Virani
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is now the leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Industrialization and economic growth have led to an unprecedented increment in the burden of CVD and their risk factors in less industrialized regions of the world. While there are abundant data on CVD and their risk factors from longitudinal cohort studies done in the West, good-quality data from South Asia are lacking. RECENT FINDINGS: Several multi-institutional, observational, prospective registries, and epidemiologic cohorts in South Asia have been established to systematically evaluate the burden of CVD and their risk factors...
June 2017: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417040/unusual-branching-pattern-of-the-lateral-cord-of-the-brachial-plexus-associated-with-neurovascular-compression-case-report
#5
Hitendra K Loh, Shikha Singh, Rajesh K Suri
The brachial plexus consists of a network of nerves that innervates the upper limbs and its musculature. We report a rare formation of the lateral cord of the brachial plexus observed during the dissection of a 47-year-old male cadaver at the Department of Anatomy, Vardhman Mahavir Medical College, New Delhi, India, in 2016. The lateral cord was exceptionally long with twin lateral pectoral nerves and twin lateral roots of the median nerve. The proximal lateral root of the median nerve was thin in comparison to the medial root of the median nerve...
February 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405120/fractionated-palliative-pelvic-radiotherapy-as-an-effective-modality-in-the-management-of-recurrent-refractory-epithelial-ovarian-cancers-an-institutional-experience
#6
Anshuma Bansal, Bhavana Rai, Shikhar Kumar, Vanita Suri, Sushmita Ghoshal
BACKGROUND: The advent of effective chemotherapeutic agents for ovarian carcinoma has made radical abdomino-pelvic radiation redundant. Nevertheless, palliative pelvic radiotherapy still has a role in palliating local symptoms. However, its effect on progression-free survival (PFS) may be debated. AIMS: To study the outcome of fractionated palliative pelvic radiotherapy in relapsed ovarian cancers in terms of symptom control and PFS. METHODS: Twenty-three patients of ovarian cancers, heavily pretreated with chemotherapy and with recurrent or residual pelvic masses, were planned for palliative pelvic radiotherapy to the dose of 46-50 Gy in 23-25 fractions in 4...
April 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402140/reducing-behavioural-risk-factors-for-cancer-an-affect-regulation-perspective
#7
Daniel O'Leary, Gaurav Suri, James J Gross
Nearly half of all cancer deaths are attributable to preventable causes, primarily unhealthy behaviours such as tobacco use, alcohol use and overeating. In this review, we argue that people engage in these behaviours, at least in part, as a means of regulating their affective states. To better understand why people engage in these behaviours and how researchers might design interventions to promote the selection of healthier methods for regulating affect, we propose a conceptual model of affect regulation. We synthesise research from both the stress and coping tradition as well as the emotion and emotion regulation tradition, two literatures that are not typically integrated...
April 12, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401865/the-effect-of-mitral-valve-surgery-on-ventricular-arrhythmia-in-patients-with-bileaflet-mitral-valve-prolapse
#8
Niyada Naksuk, Faisal F Syed, Chayakrit Krittanawong, Mark J Anderson, Elisa Ebrille, Christopher V DeSimone, Vaibhav R Vaidya, Shiva P Ponamgi, Rakesh M Suri, Michael J Ackerman, Vuyisile T Nkomo, Samuel J Asirvatham, Peter A Noseworthy
BACKGROUND: Bileaflet mitral valve prolapse (biMVP) is associated with frequent ventricular ectopy (VE) and malignant ventricular arrhythmia. We examined the effect of mitral valve (MV) surgery on VE burden in biMVP patients. METHODS: We included 32 consecutive patients undergoing MV surgery for mitral regurgitation secondary to biMVP between 1993 and 2012 at Mayo Clinic who had available pre- and post-operative Holter monitoring data. Characteristics of patients with a significant reduction in postoperative VE (group A, defined as >10% reduction in VE burden compared to baseline) were compared with the rest of study patients (group B)...
November 2016: Indian Pacing and Electrophysiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396242/long-term-effects-of-repeated-injections-of-local-anesthetic-with-or-without-corticosteroid-for-lumbar-spinal-stenosis-a-randomized-trial
#9
Janna L Friedly, Bryan A Comstock, Judith A Turner, Patrick J Heagerty, Richard A Deyo, Zoya Bauer, Andrew L Avins, Srdjan S Nedeljkovic, David R Nerenz, Xu Rita Shi, Thiru Annaswamy, Christopher J Standaert, Matthew Smuck, David J Kennedy, Venu Akuthota, David Sibell, Ajay D Wasan, Felix Diehn, Pradeep Suri, Sean D Rundell, Larry Kessler, Allen S Chen, Jeffrey G Jarvik
OBJECTIVE: To determine the overall long term effectiveness of treatment with epidural corticosteroid injections for lumbar central spinal stenosis and the impact of repeat injections, including crossover injections, on outcomes through 12 months. DESIGN: Multicenter, double-blind, randomized trial comparing epidural injections of corticosteroid plus lidocaine versus lidocaine alone SETTING: 16 U.S. clinical sites PARTICIPANTS: 400 participants with imaging-confirmed lumbar central spinal stenosis INTERVENTIONS: Participants were randomized to receive either epidural injections with corticosteroid plus lidocaine or lidocaine alone with the option of blinded crossover after 6 weeks to receive the alternate treatment...
April 7, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390284/well-balanced-system-for-coronary-calcium-detection-and-volume-measurement-in-a-low-resolution-intravascular-ultrasound-videos
#10
Sumit K Banchhor, Narendra D Londhe, Tadashi Araki, Luca Saba, Petia Radeva, John R Laird, Jasjit S Suri
BACKGROUND: Accurate and fast quantitative assessment of calcium volume is required during the planning of percutaneous coronary interventions procedures. Low resolution in intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) coronary videos poses a threat to calcium detection causing over-estimation in volume measurement. We introduce a correction block that counter-balances the bias introduced during the calcium detection process. METHOD: Nineteen patients image dataset (around 40,090 frames), IRB approved, were collected using 40MHz IVUS catheter (Atlantis® SR Pro, Boston Scientific®, pullback speed of 0...
March 30, 2017: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386628/paediatric-magnetic-resonance-enteroclysis-under-general-anaesthesia-initial-experience
#11
Sophie Sadigh, Mark Chopra, Michael R Sury, Neil Shah, Øystein E Olsen, Tom A Watson
MR enterography is the accepted imaging reference standard for small bowel assessment in inflammatory bowel disease. There is an increasing cohort of children with inflammatory bowel disease presenting at an early age (<5 years) with severe disease. Younger children present a technical challenge for enterography because of the need for sedation/general anaesthesia to allow image optimisation and the need for oral contrast to allow adequate luminal assessment. Through our experiences, MR enteroclysis under general anaesthesia has proven to be a successful imaging technique for the work-up of these patients...
April 6, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384846/absence-of-posterior-triangle-clinical-and-embryological-perspective
#12
Shikha Singh, Puja Chauhan, Hitendra Kumar Loh, Vandana Mehta, Rajesh Kumar Suri
Sternocleidomastoid (SCM) and Trapezius (TM) muscle present in the cervical region serves as an important landmark in forming boundaries of posterior triangle of neck. This case reports a continuous muscle sheet obscuring the left posterior triangle in the neck of a 60-year-old Indian male cadaver. An unfamiliar oval gap was observed in its posterosuperior portion. Description of such a variant in anatomical literature is rare and is scarcely reported. An attempt has been made to portray its embryological and phylogenetic basis...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377110/the-association-of-neuromuscular-attributes-with-performance-based-mobility-among-community-dwelling-older-adults-with-symptomatic-lumbar-spinal-stenosis
#13
Catherine T Schmidt, Rachel E Ward, Pradeep Suri, Dan K Kiely, Ni Pensheng, Dennis E Anderson, Jonathan F Bean
OBJECTIVE: To identify differences in health factors, neuromuscular attributes and performance-based mobility among community-dwelling older adults with symptomatic lumbar spinal stenosis (SLSS); and to determine which neuromuscular attributes are associated with performance-based measures of mobility. We hypothesized that: (1) community-dwelling older adults with SLSS would have poorer health, greater neuromuscular impairment and worse mobility; and (2) greater impairment in trunk extensor muscle endurance, leg strength, leg speed and knee flexion range of motion (ROM) would be associated with performance-based mobility...
April 1, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369690/disease-coding-for-anaesthetic-and-peri-operative-practice-an-opportunity-not-to-be-missed
#14
EDITORIAL
J H MacG Palmer, M R J Sury, T M Cook, J J Pandit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2017: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368628/forecasting-fluid-flows-using-the-geometry-of-turbulence
#15
Balachandra Suri, Jeffrey Tithof, Roman O Grigoriev, Michael F Schatz
The existence and dynamical role of particular unstable solutions (exact coherent structures) of the Navier-Stokes equation is revealed in laboratory studies of weak turbulence in a thin, electromagnetically driven fluid layer. We find that the dynamics exhibit clear signatures of numerous unstable equilibrium solutions, which are computed using a combination of flow measurements from the experiment and fully resolved numerical simulations. We demonstrate the dynamical importance of these solutions by showing that turbulent flows visit their state space neighborhoods repeatedly...
March 17, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365793/a-child-with-x-linked-agammaglobulinemia-and-kawasaki-disease-an-unusual-association
#16
REVIEW
Dhrubajyoti Sharma, Sandesh Guleria, Deepti Suri, Amit Rawat, Ravinder Garg, Surjit Singh
An association of X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA) with Kawasaki disease (KD) is very uncommon. Only two case reports are available so far in pediatric literature. Patients with XLA have recurrent infections and physical examination have absent lymph nodes and tonsils. Laboratory investigations reveal hypogammaglobulinemia and reduced or absent B cells on flow cytometry. KD is a medium vessel vasculitis. Here, we report a 12 year old boy with X-linked agammaglobulinemia on regular replacement intravenous immunoglobulin who developed KD on follow-up...
April 1, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361826/preventive-role-of-carvedilol-in-adriamycin-induced-cardiomyopathy
#17
Rajesh Jhorawat, Savita Kumari, Subhash C Varma, Manoj K Rohit, Nidhi Narula, Vikas Suri, Pankaj Malhotra, Sanjay Jain
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Adriamycin though considered as an effective anticancer drug, leads to irreversible cardiomyopathy (CMP) and congestive heart failure (CHF). The aim of this study was to determine the protective effect of carvedilol in adriamycin (ADR)-induced cardiomyopathy (CMP) in cancer patients. METHODS: Patients with lymphoreticular malignancy in whom ADR therapy was planned were randomized into two groups: carvedilol and control. Twenty seven patients each were enrolled in carvedilol and control groups...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358525/veterans-individual-placement-and-support-towards-advancing-recovery-methods-and-baseline-clinical-characteristics-of-a-multisite-study
#18
Lori L Davis, Tassos C Kyriakides, Alina Suris, Lisa Ottomanelli, Robert E Drake, Pamela E Parker, Lisa Mueller, Sandra G Resnick, Richard Toscano, Catherine M Blansett, Kimberly P McCall, Grant D Huang
OBJECTIVE: This article describes the methodology and the baseline characteristics of veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) enrolled in a multisite trial comparing supported employment individual placement and support (IPS) to a stepwise vocational transitional work program (TWP). METHOD: The Veterans Affairs Cooperative Studies Program randomized 541 veterans with PTSD across 12 Veterans Affairs Medical Centers to either IPS or TWP. Demographic and clinical characteristics were evaluated at baseline...
March 30, 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337704/analysis-of-traditional-and-emerging-risk-factors-in-premenopausal-women-with-coronary-artery-disease-a-pilot-scale-study-from-north-india
#19
Rajesh Vijayvergiya, Divya Kapoor, Ajay Aggarwal, Sonal Sangwan, Vanita Suri, Veena Dhawan
Premenopausal women are known to have less heart disease than their menopausal counterparts and men. However, there is a rising prevalence of coronary artery disease (CAD) in premenopausal females, which necessitates determination of risk factors that negate the effects of hormonal protection. There are few studies describing the prevalence of traditional and emerging risk factors in premenopausal women with CAD. Thus, our objective was to explore the prevalence of traditional and emerging risk factors and features of coronary lesions in premenopausal women with CAD in an Indian population...
March 23, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332028/infection-profile-in-chronic-granulomatous-disease-a-23-year-experience-from-a-tertiary-care-center-in-north-india
#20
Amit Rawat, Pandiarajan Vignesh, Avinash Sharma, Jitendra K Shandilya, Madhubala Sharma, Deepti Suri, Anju Gupta, Vikas Gautam, Pallab Ray, Shivaprakash M Rudramurthy, Arunaloke Chakrabarti, Kohsuke Imai, Shigeaki Nonoyama, Osamu Ohara, Yu L Lau, Surjit Singh
PURPOSE: Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is an inherited phagocytic disorder characterized by recurrent infections with usually catalase-positive organisms. Infections in CGD from developing countries are expected to be different from those in the Western countries. We report the profile of infections in children diagnosed with CGD from a tertiary care center in North India. METHODOLOGY: Case records of children diagnosed with CGD at Pediatric Immunodeficiency Clinic, Advanced Pediatrics Centre, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India, from August 1993 to April 2016 (23 years) were analyzed...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Immunology
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