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Std sti sexually hiv aids

Tshepo Malesela Mafokwane, Amidou Samie
BACKGROUND: Chlamydia is a bacterial infection that has long plagued humanity as the most commonly contracted STD and is caused by Chlamydia trachomatis. With the emergence of HIV/AIDS, sexually transmitted diseases have also re-emerged as a grave public health problem, particularly in developing countries. Updated Information about the relative frequencies in developing countries is sparse. This study aims at establishing the relative occurrence of chlamydia using real time PCR technique in the Vhembe District of South Africa where reports on the prevalence of chlamydia are not available...
2016: BMC Research Notes
Charu Nayyar, Ram Chander, Poonam Gupta, B L Sherwal
BACKGROUND: In the past few years, the interest in STDs and their management has increased tremendously because of their proven role in facilitation of HIV infection, which, in turn, also increases the risk of acquiring STIs. Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are a major health problem affecting mostly young people, not only in developing, but also in developed countries Male circumcision is being considered as strategy to reduce the burden of HIV/AIDS. AIMS: (i) To screen the new patients attending the STI clinic for bacterial causes of STIs (Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Treponema pallidum and Gardnerella vaginalis) and (ii) to evaluate the role of various risk factors in the prevalence of STIs...
January 2015: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Tony Habesha, Zewdie Aderaw, Serawit Lakew
BACKGROUND: According to the 2007 Ethiopian census, youths aged 15-24 years were more than 15.2 million which contributes to 20.6% of the whole population. These very large and productive groups of the population are exposed to various sexual and reproductive health risks. The aim of this study was to assess exposure to Sexually Explicit Materials (SEM) and factors associated with exposure among preparatory school students in Hawassa city, Southern Ethiopia. METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional institution based study involving 770 randomly selected youth students of preparatory schools at Hawassa city...
2015: Reproductive Health
E O Amu, P T Adegun
Objective. To determine the awareness and knowledge of sexually transmitted infections among adolescents in Ado, South Western Nigeria. Methods. The study was a descriptive cross-sectional design. Five hundred and fifty adolescents selected from public and private secondary schools in Ado Local Government Area of Ekiti State were recruited using a multistage sampling technique. Results. Four hundred and ninety-nine (92.4%) respondents had heard about sexually transmitted infections before, the three most important sources of information being electronic media (68...
2015: Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Fátima Rejane Lemos Patricio, George Williams Rutherford, José Henrique Silva Barreto, Cynthia Rodamilans, Roberto Badaró
INTRODUCTION: Antiretroviral therapy and prophylaxis during the antepartum, intrapartum and postpartum periods, cesarean delivery and avoidance of breast milk significantly reduce vertical transmission of HIV. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV and determine the rate of vertical transmission in a public sexually transmitted infection and HIV referral center in Salvador, Bahia, in the period immediately prior to the initiation of universal antiretroviral therapy in pregnant women...
September 2015: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
Adebola A Adedimeji, Donald R Hoover, Qiuhu Shi, Tracy Gard, Eugene Mutimura, Jean d'Amour Sinayobye, Mardge H Cohen, Kathryn Anastos
It is not well understood how infection with HIV and prior experience of sexual violence affects sexual behavior in African women. We describe factors influencing current sexual practices of Rwandan women living with or without HIV/AIDS. By design, 75 % of participants were HIV positive and ~50 % reported having experienced genocidal rape. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression models were fit to describe demographic and clinical characteristics that influenced sexual behavior in the previous 6 months, condom use, history of transactional sex, and prior infection with a non-HIV sexually transmitted disease...
July 2015: AIDS and Behavior
Jennifer J Frost, Adam Sonfield, Mia R Zolna, Lawrence B Finer
UNLABELLED: Policy Points: The US publicly supported family planning effort serves millions of women and men each year, and this analysis provides new estimates of its positive impact on a wide range of health outcomes and its net savings to the government. The public investment in family planning programs and providers not only helps women and couples avoid unintended pregnancy and abortion, but also helps many thousands avoid cervical cancer, HIV and other sexually transmitted infections, infertility, and preterm and low birth weight births...
December 2014: Milbank Quarterly
Anna Stoliaroff-Pépin, Roberto F Speck, Pietro Vernazza
The number of new HIV-1 infections remains stable in Switzerland over the last years thanks to the effective prevention programs. However, the aim to halve the new HIV infection rate has not been reached. Early identification of patients at risk of acquiring HIV infection and counselling "safer sex" rules as well as treating HIV-infected patients plays a decisive role in this program. Studies are -ongoing to investigate additional preventive measures such as pre-exposure prophylaxis, microbicides and vaccines, but none of those approaches permit omitting "safer sex"...
August 2014: Therapeutische Umschau. Revue Thérapeutique
Ralfh Moreno, Herfina Y Nababan, Erika Ota, Windy M V Wariki, Satoshi Ezoe, Stuart Gilmour, Kenji Shibuya
BACKGROUND: Community interventions to promote condom use are considered to be a valuable tool to reduce the transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). In particular, special emphasis has been placed on implementing such interventions through structural changes, a concept that implies public health actions that aim to improve society's health through modifications in the context wherein health-related risk behavior takes place...
2014: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Deanna Kerrigan, Caitlin E Kennedy, Ruth Morgan-Thomas, Sushena Reza-Paul, Peninah Mwangi, Kay Thi Win, Allison McFall, Virginia A Fonner, Jennifer Butler
A community empowerment-based response to HIV is a process by which sex workers take collective ownership of programmes to achieve the most effective HIV outcomes and address social and structural barriers to their overall health and human rights. Community empowerment has increasingly gained recognition as a key approach for addressing HIV in sex workers, with its focus on addressing the broad context within which the heightened risk for infection takes places in these individuals. However, large-scale implementation of community empowerment-based approaches has been scarce...
January 10, 2015: Lancet
Jeanne M Marrazzo, Carlos del Rio, David R Holtgrave, Myron S Cohen, Seth C Kalichman, Kenneth H Mayer, Julio S G Montaner, Darrell P Wheeler, Robert M Grant, Beatriz Grinsztejn, N Kumarasamy, Steven Shoptaw, Rochelle P Walensky, Francois Dabis, Jeremy Sugarman, Constance A Benson
IMPORTANCE: Emerging data warrant the integration of biomedical and behavioral recommendations for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevention in clinical care settings. OBJECTIVE: To provide current recommendations for the prevention of HIV infection in adults and adolescents for integration in clinical care settings. DATA SOURCES, STUDY SELECTION, AND DATA SYNTHESIS: Data published or presented as abstracts at scientific conferences (past 17 years) were systematically searched and reviewed by the International Antiviral (formerly AIDS) Society-USA HIV Prevention Recommendations Panel...
July 23, 2014: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Tara S H Beattie, Harnalli L Mohan, Parinita Bhattacharjee, Sudha Chandrashekar, Shajy Isac, Tisha Wheeler, Ravi Prakash, Banadakoppa M Ramesh, James F Blanchard, Lori Heise, Peter Vickerman, Stephen Moses, Charlotte Watts
OBJECTIVES: We examined the impact of community mobilization (CM) on the empowerment, risk behaviors, and prevalence of HIV and sexually transmitted infection in female sex workers (FSWs) in Karnataka, India. METHODS: We conducted behavioral-biological surveys in 2008 and 2011 in 4 districts of Karnataka, India. We defined exposure to CM as low, medium (attended nongovernmental organization meeting or drop-in centre), or high (member of collective or peer group)...
August 2014: American Journal of Public Health
Young Me Lee, Adanisse Cintron, Surinder Kocher
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this integrative literature review study was to investigate factors related to risky sexual behaviors among African American adolescents, to evaluate which of the factors are common across successful and effective STI/HIV and pregnancy intervention programs, and finally, to propose suggestions for future intervention programs for African American adolescents in West Englewood, Chicago. DESIGN: An integrative literature review was conducted...
September 2014: Public Health Nursing
Hernando G Gaitan-Duarte, Cindy Farquhar, Tara Horvath, Marcela Torres
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2014: Sexually Transmitted Infections
Deniz Gökengin, Anna Maria Geretti, Josip Begovac, Adrian Palfreeman, Milena Stevanovic, Olga Tarasenko, Keith Radcliffe
Testing for HIV is one of the cornerstones in the fight against HIV spread. The 2014 European Guideline on HIV Testing provides advice on testing for HIV infection in individuals aged 16 years and older who present to sexually transmitted infection, genito-urinary or dermato-venereology clinics across Europe. It may also be applied in other clinical settings where HIV testing is required, particularly in primary care settings. The aim of the guideline is to provide practical guidance to clinicians and laboratories that within these settings undertake HIV testing, and to indicate standards for best practice...
September 2014: International Journal of STD & AIDS
G Barrow, N Clare-Pascoe, A Bahadur, U Atkinson, C Browne, T R Clarke, E N Barton
OBJECTIVE: The twin epidemics of HIV and homelessness present several challenging aspects to the development of programmes for the provision of treatment and care. This paper describes the characteristics of this population being managed by a collaborative effort between the Centre for HIV/AIDS Research, Education and Services, Department of Medicine, University Hospital of the West Indies and the National Council on Drug Abuse. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A retrospective descriptive study was conducted via review of patients'medical files...
2013: West Indian Medical Journal
Margaret Gaughran, Ramin Asgary
BACKGROUND: Rates of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and unplanned pregnancy are high in Kenya, and limited reproductive health education exists in schools. METHODS: We designed and implemented a 6-week reproductive health curriculum in Laikipia District, Kenya, in 2011, which included didactic sessions, educational games, and open discussions. We applied a mixed quantitative and qualitative methods to evaluate this curriculum including a comprehensive 35-item survey to assess pre- and post-training knowledge, attitudes, and practices of female teenagers regarding STIs/HIV and family planning using paired t-test as well as complementary focus groups (n=42) and individual interviews (n=20)...
April 2014: Journal of Women's Health
Sandra Catalina Ochoa, John Sampalis
This paper describes the migratory experiences of Latin American migrant women living in Canada, their perceptions of the risk of HIV, AIDS and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and barriers to accessing healthcare services. We conducted 25 in-depth interviews with Latin American migrant women living in Montreal, Canada. The majority of participants were permanent residents and refugee status claimants. Women's experiences in Canada were characterised by uncertainty, deception and fraud, separation from their families and feelings of discrimination...
2014: Culture, Health & Sexuality
Linda Severe, Daniel W Fitzgerald, Marie M Deschamps, Lindsey Reif, Kendall Post, Warren D Johnson, Jean W Pape, Carla Boutin-Foster
Haitian women are twice as likely as men to have HIV/AIDs. Factors underlying the feminization of HIV are complex. Self-esteem is an important correlate of sexual behavior. However, its meaning and impact on health behaviors may be influenced by cultural factors. This qualitative study took place in Haiti 4 months after the 2010 earthquake and examines the meaning of self-esteem among young Haitian women seeking treatment for a recurrent sexually transmitted infection (STI). The meaning of self-esteem was derived from a sense of gratitude and was rooted in their ability to provide for family...
April 2014: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
M Mylius, A Frewer
Public welfare on a municipal level for groups with special health risks has been an important topic of public health service for more than a century. This notion has been taken up by the German "Protection against Infection Act" (IfSG) in § 19 IfSG. Local health service authorities may provide out-patient treatment in addition to counselling and diagnosis for patients with sexually transmitted infections and tuberculosis, which is covered by public resources in cases of apparent need. Due to altered legislation and increased global mobility, this may become important for migrants without access to regular health care...
July 2014: Das Gesundheitswesen
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