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Hao Fan, Kenneth H Fife, Dena Cox, Anthony D Cox, Gregory D Zimet
Much of the research examining predictors of HIV testing has used retrospective self-report to assess HIV testing. FINDINGS: therefore, may be subject to recall bias and to difficulties determining the direction of associations. In this prospective study, we administered surveys to women in community clinics to identify predictors of subsequent observed HIV testing, overcoming these limitations. Eighty-three percent were tested. In the adjusted multivariable model, being born in the U...
February 22, 2018: AIDS Care
Kathleen A Ethier, Laura Kann, Timothy McManus
Early initiation of sexual activity is associated with having more sexual partners, not using condoms, sexually transmitted infection (STI), and pregnancy during adolescence (1,2). The majority of adolescents initiate sexual activity during high school, and the proportion of high school students who have ever had sexual intercourse increases by grade; black students are more likely to have ever had sexual intercourse than are white students (3). The proportion of high school students overall who had ever had sexual intercourse did not change significantly during 1995-2005 (53...
January 5, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
National Aids Plan
Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are one of the most common and universal problems of public health. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and STD infections are clearly interrelated, and share risks, incidence and transmission mechanisms. The aim of this document is to inform health professionals about the current situation and management of STDs, which, because of their relevance, need greater care, both in the general population and in the population with HIV. These guidelines for STD treatment, although clinically oriented and focused especially on treatment, contain other aspects related to assessing and evaluating patients, as well as recommendations for diagnosis...
July 20, 2017: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
Weiming Tang, Jessica Mao, Songyuan Tang, Chuncheng Liu, Katie Mollan, Terrence Wong, Ye Zhang, Michael Hudgens, Yilu Qin, Baoli Ma, Meizhen Liao, Bin Yang, Wei Ma, Dianmin Kang, Chongyi Wei, Joseph D Tucker
BACKGROUND: Most men who have sex with men (MSM) in China do not publicly disclose their sexual orientation. This low rate of disclosure may affect sexual behaviours, testing for HIV or other sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and disease transmission. This study examined factors associated with overall sexual orientation disclosure and disclosure to a healthcare professional. METHODS: We did a cross-sectional online survey of MSM in China from September 23, 2014, to October 8, 2014, through three national websites...
October 2016: Lancet
Ellen F Eaton, Kathryn Hudak, Christina A Muzny
INTRODUCTION: The 2015 Centers for Disease Control Sexually Transmitted Diseases Treatment Guidelines recommend annual screening of all people living with HIV (PLWH) for Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Chlamydia trachomatis, and syphilis; annual Trichomonas vaginalis screening is recommended for HIV-infected women. The study objective was to evaluate the budgetary impact of sexually transmitted infection (STI) screening. We hypothesized that recommended STI screening is costly and would not be covered in full by insurers...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
Tshepo Malesela Mafokwane, Amidou Samie
BACKGROUND: Chlamydia is a bacterial infection that has long plagued humanity as the most commonly contracted STD and is caused by Chlamydia trachomatis. With the emergence of HIV/AIDS, sexually transmitted diseases have also re-emerged as a grave public health problem, particularly in developing countries. Updated Information about the relative frequencies in developing countries is sparse. This study aims at establishing the relative occurrence of chlamydia using real time PCR technique in the Vhembe District of South Africa where reports on the prevalence of chlamydia are not available...
February 16, 2016: BMC Research Notes
Charu Nayyar, Ram Chander, Poonam Gupta, B L Sherwal
BACKGROUND: In the past few years, the interest in STDs and their management has increased tremendously because of their proven role in facilitation of HIV infection, which, in turn, also increases the risk of acquiring STIs. Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are a major health problem affecting mostly young people, not only in developing, but also in developed countries Male circumcision is being considered as strategy to reduce the burden of HIV/AIDS. AIMS: (i) To screen the new patients attending the STI clinic for bacterial causes of STIs (Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Treponema pallidum and Gardnerella vaginalis) and (ii) to evaluate the role of various risk factors in the prevalence of STIs...
January 2015: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Tony Habesha, Zewdie Aderaw, Serawit Lakew
BACKGROUND: According to the 2007 Ethiopian census, youths aged 15-24 years were more than 15.2 million which contributes to 20.6% of the whole population. These very large and productive groups of the population are exposed to various sexual and reproductive health risks. The aim of this study was to assess exposure to Sexually Explicit Materials (SEM) and factors associated with exposure among preparatory school students in Hawassa city, Southern Ethiopia. METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional institution based study involving 770 randomly selected youth students of preparatory schools at Hawassa city...
2015: Reproductive Health
E O Amu, P T Adegun
Objective. To determine the awareness and knowledge of sexually transmitted infections among adolescents in Ado, South Western Nigeria. Methods. The study was a descriptive cross-sectional design. Five hundred and fifty adolescents selected from public and private secondary schools in Ado Local Government Area of Ekiti State were recruited using a multistage sampling technique. Results. Four hundred and ninety-nine (92.4%) respondents had heard about sexually transmitted infections before, the three most important sources of information being electronic media (68...
2015: Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Fátima Rejane Lemos Patricio, George Williams Rutherford, José Henrique Silva Barreto, Cynthia Rodamilans, Roberto Badaró
INTRODUCTION: Antiretroviral therapy and prophylaxis during the antepartum, intrapartum and postpartum periods, cesarean delivery and avoidance of breast milk significantly reduce vertical transmission of HIV. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV and determine the rate of vertical transmission in a public sexually transmitted infection and HIV referral center in Salvador, Bahia, in the period immediately prior to the initiation of universal antiretroviral therapy in pregnant women...
September 2015: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
Adebola A Adedimeji, Donald R Hoover, Qiuhu Shi, Tracy Gard, Eugene Mutimura, Jean d'Amour Sinayobye, Mardge H Cohen, Kathryn Anastos
It is not well understood how infection with HIV and prior experience of sexual violence affects sexual behavior in African women. We describe factors influencing current sexual practices of Rwandan women living with or without HIV/AIDS. By design, 75 % of participants were HIV positive and ~50 % reported having experienced genocidal rape. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression models were fit to describe demographic and clinical characteristics that influenced sexual behavior in the previous 6 months, condom use, history of transactional sex, and prior infection with a non-HIV sexually transmitted disease...
July 2015: AIDS and Behavior
Jennifer J Frost, Adam Sonfield, Mia R Zolna, Lawrence B Finer
UNLABELLED: Policy Points: The US publicly supported family planning effort serves millions of women and men each year, and this analysis provides new estimates of its positive impact on a wide range of health outcomes and its net savings to the government. The public investment in family planning programs and providers not only helps women and couples avoid unintended pregnancy and abortion, but also helps many thousands avoid cervical cancer, HIV and other sexually transmitted infections, infertility, and preterm and low birth weight births...
December 2014: Milbank Quarterly
Anna Stoliaroff-Pépin, Roberto F Speck, Pietro Vernazza
The number of new HIV-1 infections remains stable in Switzerland over the last years thanks to the effective prevention programs. However, the aim to halve the new HIV infection rate has not been reached. Early identification of patients at risk of acquiring HIV infection and counselling "safer sex" rules as well as treating HIV-infected patients plays a decisive role in this program. Studies are -ongoing to investigate additional preventive measures such as pre-exposure prophylaxis, microbicides and vaccines, but none of those approaches permit omitting "safer sex"...
August 2014: Therapeutische Umschau. Revue Thérapeutique
Ralfh Moreno, Herfina Y Nababan, Erika Ota, Windy M V Wariki, Satoshi Ezoe, Stuart Gilmour, Kenji Shibuya
BACKGROUND: Community interventions to promote condom use are considered to be a valuable tool to reduce the transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). In particular, special emphasis has been placed on implementing such interventions through structural changes, a concept that implies public health actions that aim to improve society's health through modifications in the context wherein health-related risk behavior takes place...
2014: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Deanna Kerrigan, Caitlin E Kennedy, Ruth Morgan-Thomas, Sushena Reza-Paul, Peninah Mwangi, Kay Thi Win, Allison McFall, Virginia A Fonner, Jennifer Butler
A community empowerment-based response to HIV is a process by which sex workers take collective ownership of programmes to achieve the most effective HIV outcomes and address social and structural barriers to their overall health and human rights. Community empowerment has increasingly gained recognition as a key approach for addressing HIV in sex workers, with its focus on addressing the broad context within which the heightened risk for infection takes places in these individuals. However, large-scale implementation of community empowerment-based approaches has been scarce...
January 10, 2015: Lancet
Jeanne M Marrazzo, Carlos del Rio, David R Holtgrave, Myron S Cohen, Seth C Kalichman, Kenneth H Mayer, Julio S G Montaner, Darrell P Wheeler, Robert M Grant, Beatriz Grinsztejn, N Kumarasamy, Steven Shoptaw, Rochelle P Walensky, Francois Dabis, Jeremy Sugarman, Constance A Benson
IMPORTANCE: Emerging data warrant the integration of biomedical and behavioral recommendations for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevention in clinical care settings. OBJECTIVE: To provide current recommendations for the prevention of HIV infection in adults and adolescents for integration in clinical care settings. DATA SOURCES, STUDY SELECTION, AND DATA SYNTHESIS: Data published or presented as abstracts at scientific conferences (past 17 years) were systematically searched and reviewed by the International Antiviral (formerly AIDS) Society-USA HIV Prevention Recommendations Panel...
July 23, 2014: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Tara S H Beattie, Harnalli L Mohan, Parinita Bhattacharjee, Sudha Chandrashekar, Shajy Isac, Tisha Wheeler, Ravi Prakash, Banadakoppa M Ramesh, James F Blanchard, Lori Heise, Peter Vickerman, Stephen Moses, Charlotte Watts
OBJECTIVES: We examined the impact of community mobilization (CM) on the empowerment, risk behaviors, and prevalence of HIV and sexually transmitted infection in female sex workers (FSWs) in Karnataka, India. METHODS: We conducted behavioral-biological surveys in 2008 and 2011 in 4 districts of Karnataka, India. We defined exposure to CM as low, medium (attended nongovernmental organization meeting or drop-in centre), or high (member of collective or peer group)...
August 2014: American Journal of Public Health
Young Me Lee, Adanisse Cintron, Surinder Kocher
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this integrative literature review study was to investigate factors related to risky sexual behaviors among African American adolescents, to evaluate which of the factors are common across successful and effective STI/HIV and pregnancy intervention programs, and finally, to propose suggestions for future intervention programs for African American adolescents in West Englewood, Chicago. DESIGN: An integrative literature review was conducted...
September 2014: Public Health Nursing
Hernando G Gaitan-Duarte, Cindy Farquhar, Tara Horvath, Marcela Torres
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2014: Sexually Transmitted Infections
Deniz Gökengin, Anna Maria Geretti, Josip Begovac, Adrian Palfreeman, Milena Stevanovic, Olga Tarasenko, Keith Radcliffe
Testing for HIV is one of the cornerstones in the fight against HIV spread. The 2014 European Guideline on HIV Testing provides advice on testing for HIV infection in individuals aged 16 years and older who present to sexually transmitted infection, genito-urinary or dermato-venereology clinics across Europe. It may also be applied in other clinical settings where HIV testing is required, particularly in primary care settings. The aim of the guideline is to provide practical guidance to clinicians and laboratories that within these settings undertake HIV testing, and to indicate standards for best practice...
September 2014: International Journal of STD & AIDS
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