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Problem-based education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244736/frequency-of-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-and-the-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-among-japanese-elderly-a-cross-sectional-study-from-the-kyoto-kameoka-study
#1
Hinako Nanri, Yosuke Yamada, Aya Itoi, Emi Yamagata, Yuya Watanabe, Tsukasa Yoshida, Motoko Miyake, Heiwa Date, Kazuko Ishikawa-Takata, Mitsuyoshi Yoshida, Takeshi Kikutani, Misaka Kimura
OBJECTIVE: Many previous studies have reported that fruit and vegetable consumption is associated with a reduced risk of various disease, but whether or not their consumption is associated with the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) is unclear. The objective of this study was to examine the association between the frequency of fruit and vegetable consumption and the OHRQoL in elderly subjects by sex. METHODS: We analyzed cross-sectional data from a population-based Kyoto-Kameoka Study in 2012 of 3112 men and 3439 women (age ≥ 65 years)...
December 15, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241438/realizing-e-prescribing-s-potential-to-reduce-outpatient-psychiatric-medication-errors
#2
Matthew E Hirschtritt, Steven Chan, Wilson O Ly
Preliminary evidence from observational and cohort studies suggests that replacement of paper- and phone-based medication prescriptions with electronic prescribing systems in ambulatory settings is associated with decreased medication errors. However, problems from traditional prescribing also occur with e-prescribing (such as incorrect medication dose and instructions or wrong patient), as do some new problems (a confusing user interface leading to prescribing the wrong medication). The authors present four steps for reducing medication errors in outpatient psychiatric settings: continuing to implement e-prescribing, streamlining user interfaces, improving interoperability among various e-prescribing and retail pharmacy systems, and using education and advocacy to achieve these goals...
December 15, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239556/revealed-access-to-haemodialysis-facilities-in-northeastern-iran-factors-that-matter-in-rural-and-urban-areas
#3
Behzad Kiani, Nasser Bagheri, Ahmad Tara, Benyamin Hoseini, Hamed Tabesh, Mahmood Tara
Poor access to haemodialysis facilities is associated with high mortality and morbidity rates. This study investigated factors affecting revealed access to the haemodialysis facilities considering patients living in rural and urban areas without any haemodialysis facility (Group A) and those living urban areas with haemodialysis facilities (Group B). This study is based on selfreported Actual Access Time (AAT) to referred haemodialysis facilities and other information regarding travel to haemodialysis facilities from patients...
November 7, 2017: Geospatial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239287/school-performance-from-primary-education-in-the-adolescent-offspring-of-parents-with-schizophrenia-and-bipolar-disorder-a-national-register-based-study
#4
Anne Ranning, Thomas Laursen, Esben Agerbo, Anne Thorup, Carsten Hjorthøj, Jens Richardt Møllegaard Jepsen, Merete Nordentoft
BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia (SZ) and bipolar disorder (BP) are causes of severe disability worldwide and parents' severe mental illness (SMI) is associated with childhood adversity, and socio-emotional and cognitive problems in children. Yet, how parental BP and SZ affect educational attainment in offspring is still unclear. METHOD: We included all children (N = 684.248) born and living in Denmark between 1986 and 1996 and their parents. Our follow-up lasted from 1986 until children's graduation in 2014...
December 14, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239085/developing-educators-of-european-undergraduate-dental-students-towards-an-agreed-curriculum
#5
S Chuenjitwongsa, R G Oliver, A D Bullock
INTRODUCTION: Recent developments in European dental education are student-focused, concerned with competency-based and problem-based learning. The development of dental educators has so far received little consideration. This study aimed to agree curriculum content for developing dental educators so that they are better able to support changing undergraduate dental education. METHODS: Adopting consensus methodology, a 2-round Delphi was conducted in 2012. Fifty-three dental educators and 39 dental students across Europe volunteered to take part...
December 14, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238401/health-needs-of-older-populations-affected-by-humanitarian-crises-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#6
Emma Massey, James Smith, Bayard Roberts
Background: The combination of global demographic changes and a growing number of humanitarian crises in middle-income countries that have a higher life expectancy has led to an increase in the number of older populations affected by humanitarian crises. The aim of this review was to systematically examine evidence on the health needs of older populations in humanitarian crises, including both armed conflicts and natural disasters, in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Methods: A systematic review methodology was used...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238314/computational-psychometrics-for-the-measurement-of-collaborative-problem-solving-skills
#7
Stephen T Polyak, Alina A von Davier, Kurt Peterschmidt
This paper describes a psychometrically-based approach to the measurement of collaborative problem solving skills, by mining and classifying behavioral data both in real-time and in post-game analyses. The data were collected from a sample of middle school children who interacted with a game-like, online simulation of collaborative problem solving tasks. In this simulation, a user is required to collaborate with a virtual agent to solve a series of tasks within a first-person maze environment. The tasks were developed following the psychometric principles of Evidence Centered Design (ECD) and are aligned with the Holistic Framework developed by ACT...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234500/moving-from-information-and-collaboration-to-action-report-from-the-3rd-international-dog-health-workshop-paris-in-april-2017
#8
Dan G O'Neill, Sylvia F A Keijser, Åke Hedhammar, Caroline Kisko, Gregoire Leroy, Aimée Llewellyn-Zaidi, Sofia Malm, Patricia N Olson, Rowena M A Packer, Jean Francois Rousselot, Ian J Seath, Jason W Stull, Brenda N Bonnett
Background: Breed-related health problems in dogs have received increased focus over the last decade. Responsibility for causing and/or solving these problems has been variously directed towards dog breeders and kennel clubs, the veterinary profession, welfare scientists, owners, regulators, insurance companies and the media. In reality, all these stakeholders are likely to share some responsibility and optimal progress on resolving these challenges requires all key stakeholders to work together...
2017: Canine Genetics and Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233448/introducing-problem-based-learning-into-a-canadian-accredited-middle-eastern-educational-setting
#9
Ziad G Nasr, Kyle John Wilby
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Adaption of active learning strategies into new cultures and contexts requires careful consideration to maximize effectiveness and meet intended objectives. The aim of this paper was to describe the adaption and implementation of problem-based learning (PBL) within a pharmacy curriculum in a Middle Eastern context. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: PBL was implemented into the curriculum at Qatar University in 2014 and expanded in subsequent years to include differing courses and contexts...
July 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233400/teachable-moments-matter-for-an-analysis-of-the-use-of-pharmacy-curriculum-outcomes-assessment-pcoa-scores-within-one-professional-program
#10
Michael J Peeters, Linda S Garavalia
Editors Note: The Teachable Moments Matter category of articles is designed to offer readers insight into a methodological issue identified within a companion article. Written in collaboration with one of these authors, these articles provide an opportunity to focus on a challenge experienced by the authors and, in the process, provide one or more perspectives as to how to successfully navigate this issue. Notably, this "issue" is not necessarily a problem (as this first paper in this series demonstrates). The Journal hopes this case-based approach will help highlight an issue nuance in context, something that might get "lost" in the entirety of a full-length article...
March 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231899/do-individual-and-neighborhood-characteristics-influence-perceived-air-quality
#11
Séverine Deguen, Manon Padilla, Cindy Padilla, Wahida Kihal-Talantikite
Background: Despite improvements, air pollution still remains a major public health issue. Numerous epidemiological studies have demonstrated the adverse health effects of air pollution exposure based on modeled measures, but only a few have considered the health impact of perceived air quality. Improving our knowledge of individual perceptions is crucial to defining targeted actions and promoting appropriate intervention measures. Our objective is to investigate the relationship between subjective and objective measures of air pollution and to focus on how individual characteristics combined with the neighborhood socioeconomic deprivation index, measured at a fine spatial scale, may or may not alter this relationship...
December 12, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230320/factors-promoting-and-inhibiting-sustained-impact-of-a-mental-health-task-shifting-program-for-hiv-providers-in-ethiopia
#12
D Jerene, M Biru, A Teklu, T Rehman, A Ruff, L Wissow
Background: Task-shifting mental health into general medical care requires more than brief provider training. Generalists need long-term support to master new skills and changes to work context are required to sustain change in the face of competing priorities. We examined program and context factors promoting sustainability of a mental health task-shifting training for hospital-based HIV providers in Ethiopia. Methods: Convergent mixed-methods quasi-experimental study...
2017: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227338/associations-between-early-family-meal-environment-quality-and-later-well-being-in-school-age-children
#13
Marie-Josée Harbec, Linda S Pagani
OBJECTIVE: Past research suggests a positive link between family meals and child and adolescent health. Although researchers have often relied on how often families eat together, this may not capture the complexity of the experience. Using a birth cohort, this study examines the prospective associations between the environmental quality of the family meal experience at age 6 years and child well-being at age 10. METHODS: Participants are 1492 children of the Quebec Longitudinal Study of Child Development...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226996/breast-and-gynecological-cancer-patients-risk-factors-associated-with-biopsychosocial-problem-related-distress
#14
Cristiane Decat Bergerot, Karen Lynn Clark, Richard Obenchain, Errol J Philip, Matthew Loscalzo
OBJECTIVES: Inequalities exist between breast and gynecological cancer patients' experiences, leading to high levels of distress throughout the cancer journey. The present study aims to identify differences in source of biopsychosocial problem-related distress between women diagnosed with breast or gynecological cancers. METHODS: From 2009 to 2016 women with breast (n=2,111) and gynecological (n=641) cancers were screened using the core items of the instrument You, Your Family, and City of Hope are a Team...
December 11, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226851/main-problems-and-suggested-solutions-for-improving-radiation-protection-in-medicine-in-ibero-american-countries-summary-of-an-international-conference-held-in-madrid-2016
#15
Eliseo Vano, Pablo Jimenez, Raul Ramirez, Javier Zarzuela, Ana Maria Larcher, Eduardo Gallego, Santiago Gonzalez, Maria Del Rosario Perez
During the International Conference on Radiation Protection in Medicine held in Bonn in 2012, several areas for improvement were identified, including specific actions related with justification, optimization, role of manufacturers, radiation protection education and training, strategic research, data collection on medical and occupational exposures, prevention of incidents and accidents, radiation safety culture, risk-benefit dialogue and implementation of the radiation safety standards. The outcomes of the Bonn Conference were summarized in the so-called 'Bonn Call for Action', identifying 10 priority actions to enhance RP in medicine...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226227/online-platform-as-a-tool-to-support-postgraduate-training-in-general-practice-a-case-report
#16
Lorena Dini, Claire Galanski, Susanne Döpfmer, Sabine Gehrke-Beck, Gudrun Bayer, Martin Boeckle, Isabel Micheel, Jasminko Novak, Christoph Heintze
Objective: Physicians in postgraduate training (PPT) in General Practice (GP) typically have very little interaction with their peers, as there is usually only one resident physician working in their respective department or GP office at a given time. Therefore, the online platform KOLEGEA, presented here, aims to support postgraduate training in general practice (PT in GP) in Germany through virtual interaction. Methodology: In 2012, the interdisciplinary research project KOLEGEA set up an online platform that any physicians in PT in GP can use for free after registration with their unitary continuous education number (Einheitliche Fortbildungsnummer, EFN)...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226222/learning-processes-and-learning-problems-in-german-postgraduate-medical-education
#17
Hendrik van den Bussche, Lea Krause-Solberg, Martin Scherer, Stine Ziegler
Objective: In order to evaluate the quality of postgraduate medical education in Germany, we examined how the learning of theoretical and practical competencies is conceptualized and how the learning process takes place in real terms. The training conditions, as perceived by medical residents, are compared with the learning objectives, as stated by the Federal Chamber of Physicians in its regulation on postgraduate education. The analysis is based on the data of the "KarMed" study (abbreviation of "career progression and career breaks among physicians during postgraduate education"), a multicentre cohort study of medical school graduates from seven universities who arre followed until they receive their licenses as specialist physicians...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223191/iterating-a-framework-for-the-prevention-of-caregiver-depression-in-dementia-a-multi-method-approach
#18
Jiangbo Ying, Philip Yap, Mihir Gandhi, Tau Ming Liew
BACKGROUND: Dementia caregiving is often stressful and depression in family caregivers is not uncommon. As caregiver depression can have significant effects, there is a need for preventive efforts which are consistent with the extensive literature. We sought to consolidate the wide range of evidence (using a multi-method approach) into a simple framework that can guide the prevention of caregiver depression. METHODS: Using multiple logistic regression, we derived the predictors of caregiver depression from an empirical dataset containing key information and depression scores (based on the Center-for-Epidemiological-Studies-Depression-Scale) of 394 family caregivers...
December 10, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222630/-there-s-so-much-to-it-the-ways-physiotherapy-students-and-recent-graduates-experience-practice
#19
S Barradell, T Peseta, S Barrie
Health science courses aim to prepare students for the demands of their chosen profession by learning ways appropriate to that profession and the contexts they will work and live in. Expectations of what students should learn become re-contextualised and translated into entry-level curriculum, with students operating as a connection between what is intended and enacted in curriculum, and required in the real world. Drawing on phenomenology, this paper explores how students understand practice-the collective, purposeful knowing, doing and being of a community-in entry-level physiotherapy programs...
December 8, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221651/-the-myth-of-virgin-cleansing-latest-news-on-an-archaic-magico-religious-practice
#20
P Charlier, F Bou Abdallah, L Brun, V Hoang-Oppermann, S Deo, Y Mostefai-Dulac, M-F Mamzer, C Hervé
BACKGROUND: In the medical anthropology section of the Nanterre Hospital (France) for migrants and refugees, three cases were recorded of "virgin cleansing" in sub-Saharan African countries. PATIENTS AND METHODS: These consisted of sexual assaults (2 instances of rape and 1 of sexual interference) on sexually immature females (young girls) by patients with sexually transmitted infections (mainly HIV, syphilis) hoping they might thereby be cured. DISCUSSION: These particularly atrocious hetero-aggressive sexual practices based on magical arguments are unfortunately universal and are not limited to a specific culture...
December 5, 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
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