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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449275/public-perception-of-dermatology-and-dermatologists-in-italy-results-from-a-population-based-national-survey
#1
P Gisondi, G Deangelis, G Venturelli, G Girolomoni
INTRODUCTION: The public perception of Dermatology and dermatologists may be very relevant in guiding strategies for improving dermatologic care but it has been poorly investigated in Europe. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the public's perception of Dermatology and dermatologists in Italy. METHODS: A representative sampling of Italian adults (n=1500, aged 18-70 years), residing throughout the national territory was interviewed through a population-based telephone survey using a structured questionnaire...
April 27, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448775/exploring-electronic-medical-record-and-self-administered-medication-risk-screening-tools-in-a-primary-care-clinic
#2
Mark J Makowsky, Ken Cor, Tat Wong
BACKGROUND: Electronic medical record (EMR) screening for indicators of medication risk could improve efficiency in identifying primary care clinic patients in need of clinical pharmacist care compared with patient self-reporting. OBJECTIVES: To (a) compare the performance of an EMR medication risk assessment questionnaire (MRAQ) with a self-administered (SA) MRAQ and (b) explore each tool's ability to predict indicators of health behavior, health status, and health care utilization...
May 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448482/diabetes-self-management-education-programs-in-nonmetropolitan-counties-united-states-2016
#3
Stephanie A Rutledge, Svetlana Masalovich, Rachel J Blacher, Magon M Saunders
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Diabetes self-management education (DSME) is a clinical practice intended to improve preventive practices and behaviors with a focus on decision-making, problem-solving, and self-care. The distribution and correlates of established DSME programs in nonmetropolitan counties across the United States have not been previously described, nor have the characteristics of the nonmetropolitan counties with DSME programs. REPORTING PERIOD: July 2016. DESCRIPTION OF SYSTEMS: DSME programs recognized by the American Diabetes Association or accredited by the American Association of Diabetes Educators (i...
April 28, 2017: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442940/prevalence-of-anemia-and-its-associated-factors-among-pregnant-women-receiving-antenatal-care-at-aymiba-health-center-northwest-ethiopia
#4
Fikir Asrie
INTRODUCTION: Anemia is a global public health problem in both developing and developed countries; ~1.62 billion people suffer from anemia, and pregnant women are the most susceptible to it. The main aim of the present study was to assess the prevalence of anemia and associated risk factors among pregnant women receiving antenatal care at Aymiba Health Center, northwest Ethiopia. METHODS AND MATERIALS: An institution-based cross-sectional study was conducted at Aymiba Health Center from January to March 2015...
2017: Journal of Blood Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442800/what-puts-them-at-risk-a-cross-sectional-case-control-survey-of-demographic-profile-and-sexual-behavior-of-patients-with-sexually-transmitted-infections-at-a-tertiary-care-center-in-north-india
#5
Rama Raj, Vishal Gupta, Mona Pathak, Vishnubhatla Sreenivas, Seema Sood, Sarman Singh, Kaushal K Verma, Neena Khanna, Bimal K Das, Somesh Gupta
BACKGROUND: Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are a major public health problem in developing nations. Identification of risk factors can help in formulating effective strategies against them. The present study was conducted in a tertiary care hospital in North India over 1 year to identify the risk factors associated with STIs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire-based cross-sectional case-control survey was conducted where participants answered questions on demographic details, sexual behavior, and awareness of STIs...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441974/evaluating-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-a-group-psychological-intervention-using-cognitive-behavioural-strategies-for-women-with-common-mental-disorders-in-conflict-affected-rural-pakistan-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
Anna Chiumento, Syed Usman Hamdani, Muhammad Naseem Khan, Katie Dawson, Richard A Bryant, Marit Sijbrandij, Huma Nazir, Parveen Akhtar, Aqsa Masood, Duolao Wang, Mark van Ommeren, Atif Rahman
BACKGROUND: The impact of humanitarian disasters upon mental health is well recognised. The evidence for psychological interventions for mental health is mounting, but few interventions have been rigorously tested in humanitarian settings. To be sustainable in humanitarian settings interventions need to be short, simple, deliverable by nonspecialists under supervision, and adopt a transdiagnostic approach where an array of mental health outcomes are addressed simultaneously. These elements have been incorporated into the newly developed WHO Problem Management Plus (PM+) Group intervention...
April 26, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440866/a-prospective-comparison-of-how-the-level-of-response-to-alcohol-and-impulsivity-relate-to-future-dsm-iv-alcohol-problems-in-the-coga-youth-panel
#7
Marc A Schuckit, Tom L Smith, George Danko, Robert Anthenelli, Lara Schoen, Mari Kawamura, John Kramer, Danielle M Dick, Zoe Neale, Samuel Kuperman, Vivia McCutcheon, Andrey P Anokhin, Victor Hesselbrock, Michie Hesselbrock, Kathleen Bucholz
BACKGROUND: Alcohol problems reflect both environmental and genetic characteristics that often operate through endophenotypes like low levels of response (low LRs) to alcohol and higher impulsivity. Relationships of these preexisting characteristics to alcohol problems have been studied, but few analyses have included both low LR and impulsivity in the same model. METHODS: We extracted prospective data from 1,028 participants in the Prospective Youth Sample of the Collaborative Study for the Genetics of Alcoholism (COGA)...
April 25, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440094/small-group-activities-within-academic-communities-improve-the-connectedness-of-students-and-faculty
#8
Katharina Brandl, Stephen D Schneid, Sunny Smith, Babbi Winegarden, Jess Mandel, Carolyn J Kelly
BACKGROUND: The University of California, San Diego, School of Medicine implemented a curriculum change that included reduction of lectures, incorporation of problem-based learning and other small group activities. Six academic communities were introduced for teaching longitudinal curricular content and organizing extracurricular activities. METHODS: Surveys were collected from 904 first- and second-year medical students over 6 years. Student satisfaction data with their sense of connectedness and community support were collected before and after the implementation of the new curriculum...
April 25, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439609/primary-care-physicians-knowledge-of-sleep-medicine-and-barriers-to-transfer-of-patients-with-sleep-disorders-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Ahmed H Saleem, Faisal A Al Rashed, Ghassan A Alkharboush, Othman M Almazyed, Awad H Olaish, Aljohara S Almeneessier, Ahmed S BaHammam
To assess primary care physicians' (PCPs) knowledge and attitudes toward sleep disorders.  Methods: In this cross-sectional quantitative study, we surveyed 88 primary care centers under the Ministry of Health during 2015 in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, using a combination of pre-designed validated questionnaires. Knowledge was assessed using the Assessment of Sleep Knowledge in Medical Education (ASKME) questionnaire, and attitude was assessed using a pre-designed survey. For numerical variables, t-test was used, and for categorical variables, Chi-square test was used...
May 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439359/education-in-neurology-resident-documentation-using-payroll-simulation
#10
John W Liang, Vicki L Shanker
BACKGROUND: Approaches for teaching neurology documentation include didactic lectures, workshops, and face-to-face meetings. Few studies have assessed their effectiveness. OBJECTIVE: To improve the quality of neurology resident documentation through payroll simulation. METHODS: A documentation checklist was created based on Medicaid and Medicare evaluation and management (E/M) guidelines. In the preintervention phase, neurology follow-up clinic charts were reviewed over a 16-week period by evaluators blinded to the notes' authors...
April 2017: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438177/responding-to-non-communicable-diseases-in-zambia-a-policy-analysis
#11
Mulenga M Mukanu, Joseph Mumba Zulu, Chrispin Mweemba, Wilbroad Mutale
BACKGROUND: Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are an emerging global health concern. Reports have shown that, in Zambia, NCDs are also an emerging problem and the government has begun initiating a policy response. The present study explores the policy response to NCDs by the Ministry of Health in Zambia using the policy triangle framework of Walt and Gilson. METHODS: A qualitative approach was used for the study. Data collected through key informant interviews with stakeholders who were involved in the NCD health policy development process as well as review of key planning and policy documents were analysed using thematic analysis...
April 24, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437486/prediction-of-crime-occurrence-from-multi-modal-data-using-deep-learning
#12
Hyeon-Woo Kang, Hang-Bong Kang
In recent years, various studies have been conducted on the prediction of crime occurrences. This predictive capability is intended to assist in crime prevention by facilitating effective implementation of police patrols. Previous studies have used data from multiple domains such as demographics, economics, and education. Their prediction models treat data from different domains equally. These methods have problems in crime occurrence prediction, such as difficulty in discovering highly nonlinear relationships, redundancies, and dependencies between multiple datasets...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436158/collaborating-on-medication-errors-in-nursing
#13
Marketa Marvanova, Paul J Henkel
BACKGROUND: Nurse educators are faced with changing roles and expanding responsibilities for medication administration and monitoring in pursuit of improved patient safety. The aims of this study were to develop, implement and evaluate clinical simulation experiences that included, along with nursing faculty members, a pharmacist educator for the teaching of preventable medication errors in undergraduate nursing education. METHODS: Four clinical simulation scenarios using high-fidelity patient simulators were developed focusing on select medication problems in nursing practice...
April 24, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431761/-dependent-relative-effects-on-family-health
#14
M Eugenia Estrada Fernández, Ana I Gil Lacruz, Marta Gil Lacruz, Antonio Viñas López
OBJETIVES: The purpose of this work is to analyse the effects on informal caregiver's health and lifestyle when living with a dependent person at home. A comparison will be made between this situation and other situations involving commitment of time and energy, taking into account gender and age differences in each stage of the life cycle. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study analysing secondary data. SETTING: The method used for collecting information is the computer assisted personal interview carried out in selected homes by the Ministry of Health, Social Services and Equality...
April 18, 2017: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431553/long-working-hours-in-the-healthcare-system-of-the-belo-horizonte-municipality-brazil-a-population-based-cross-sectional-survey
#15
Juliana M Andrade, Ada A Assunção, Mery N S Abreu
BACKGROUND: Health personnel are key players in developing and improving healthcare systems, caring for individuals and their communities, and helping improve quality of life. However, these professionals are often exposed to long working hours because of the pressing need for their services at potentially any time of day. The long working hours they endure are a major risk factor for both acute and chronic health problems. The present study aimed to analyze occurrences of long working hours and their association with individual characteristics and employment factors among workers in the municipal healthcare system in Belo Horizonte, Brazil...
April 21, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428113/impact-of-enjoyment-on-physical-activity-and-health-among-children-with-disabilities-in-schools
#16
Jooyeon Jin, Joonkoo Yun, Stamatis Agiovlasitis
BACKGROUND: Enjoyment in school-based physical activity (PA) programs, such as recess or physical education may be important for promoting children's health, but there is a lack of evidence explaining how enjoyment affects health in children with disabilities. HYPOTHESES: Enjoyment in school-based PA programs will positively influence general health through participating in more daily PA, and this relationship will vary between younger and older children with disabilities...
April 12, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427373/a-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-self-help-psycho-education-programme-to-reduce-diagnosis-delay-in-women-with-breast-cancer-symptoms-in-indonesia
#17
Hari Setyowibowo, Marit Sijbrandij, Aulia Iskandarsyah, Joke A M Hunfeld, Sawitri S Sadarjoen, Dharmayanti F Badudu, Drajat R Suardi, Jan Passchier
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer (BC) is the most frequent cancer occurring in women across the world. Its mortality rate in low-middle income countries (LMICs) is higher than in high-income countries (HICs), and in Indonesia BC is the leading cause of cancer deaths among women. Delay in breast cancer diagnosis negatively impacts cancer prognosis. Only about 30% of patients who come to the hospital to check on their breast abnormalities, continue thorough examination to biopsy to get a diagnosis based on the results of anatomical pathology...
April 20, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422894/impact-of-telephone-based-problem-solving-treatment-on-the-use-of-medical-and-psychological-services-in-the-military
#18
John S Richardson, Jesse R Fann, Kathleen R Bell, Nancy Temkin
OBJECTIVE: To explore the impact of problem-solving treatment (PST) for mild traumatic brain injury in active duty service members on the use of medical and psychological services. PARTICIPANTS: Service members who had a mild traumatic brain injury during their last deployment and enrolled in the CONcussion Treatment After Combat Trauma (CONTACT) study. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of a randomized clinical trial. Participants were assigned to telephone-based PST, or e-mailed or mailed education only over the course of 6 months...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422704/influencing-factors-on-high-risk-sexual-behaviors-in-young-people-an-ecological-perspective
#19
Hoda Arabi-Mianrood, Zeinab Hamzehgardeshi, Elham Khoori, Mahmood Moosazadeh, Zohreh Shahhosseini
Background In recent years, high-risk sexual behaviors due to their negative consequences both for the individual and society have received more attention than other high-risk behaviors. Objective The aim of this study was to review the influencing factors of high-risk sexual behaviors among young people from an ecological point of view. Methods This review was conducted through searching databases including PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, Google Scholar and the Cochrane Library with keywords such as sexual risk-taking behavior, high-risk sex, unprotected sex and unsafe sex...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421176/distributed-learning-revitalizing-anesthesiology-training-in-resource-limited-ethiopia
#20
Krupa B Patel, Morgan Dooley, Ananya Abate, Vanessa Moll
BACKGROUND: Ethiopia has a significant paucity of available health-care workers. Despite the increasing number of medical schools, there are not enough physician instructors. Furthermore, availability and standardization of postgraduate training are lacking. Modalities of e-learning have been shown to be successful when used to impart medical education in other resource-limited countries. The Emory University and Addis Ababa University (AAU) Departments of Anesthesiology have formed a collaboration with the intent of improving the AAU Anesthesiology residency program, one of two postgraduate training programs for anesthesiology in Ethiopia...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
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