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Problem-based education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454293/health-professions-faculty-beliefs-confidence-use-and-perceptions-of-organizational-culture-and-readiness-for-ebp-a-cross-sectional-descriptive-survey
#1
Kerry A Milner, Holly B Bradley, Tammy Lampley
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based practice (EBP) is an essential skill and ethical obligation for all practicing health professions clinicians because of its strong association with improved health outcomes. Emerging evidence suggests that faculty who prepare these clinicians lack proficiency to teach EBP. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to describe; 1) health profession faculty beliefs about and confidence in their ability to teach and implement EBP, 2) use of EBP for education, 3) organizational culture and readiness for EBP; and to determine whether relationships exist among these variables...
February 8, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452752/mental-health-family-roles-and-employment-status-inside-and-outside-the-household-in-spain
#2
Jorge Arias-de la Torre, Antonio J Molina, Tania Fernández-Villa, Lucía Artazcoz, Vicente Martín
OBJECTIVE: To document the prevalence of poor mental health by gender and social class, and to analyze if poor mental health is associated with the family roles or the employment status inside and outside the household. METHOD: A cross-sectional study based on a representative sample of the Spanish population was carried out (n = 14,247). Mental health was evaluated using GHQ-12. Employment status, marital status, family roles (main breadwinner and the person who mainly carries out the household work) and educational level were considered as explanatory variables...
February 13, 2018: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452582/to-what-extent-can-behaviour-change-techniques-be-identified-within-an-adaptable-implementation-package-for-primary-care-a-prospective-directed-content-analysis
#3
Liz Glidewell, Thomas A Willis, Duncan Petty, Rebecca Lawton, Rosemary R C McEachan, Emma Ingleson, Peter Heudtlass, Andrew Davies, Tony Jamieson, Cheryl Hunter, Suzanne Hartley, Kara Gray-Burrows, Susan Clamp, Paul Carder, Sarah Alderson, Amanda J Farrin, Robbie Foy
BACKGROUND: Interpreting evaluations of complex interventions can be difficult without sufficient description of key intervention content. We aimed to develop an implementation package for primary care which could be delivered using typically available resources and could be adapted to target determinants of behaviour for each of four quality indicators: diabetes control, blood pressure control, anticoagulation for atrial fibrillation and risky prescribing. We describe the development and prospective verification of behaviour change techniques (BCTs) embedded within the adaptable implementation packages...
February 17, 2018: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451985/a-comparison-of-barriers-to-accessing-services-for-mental-and-physical-health-conditions-in-a-sample-of-rural-australian-adults
#4
Kate Fennell, Melissa Hull, Martin Jones, James Dollman
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of chronic disease, mortality and suicide rates is higher in rural Australia than in urban centres. Understanding rural Australians' barriers to accessing health services requires urgent attention. The purpose of this study was to compare barriers to help-seeking for physical and mental health issues among rural South Australian adults. METHODS: A total of 409 people from three rural and remote regions in South Australia completed a computer-assisted telephone interview...
February 2018: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451082/the-short-term-placebo-response-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd
#5
Ayala Cohen, Moran Plonsky-Toder, Emanuel Tirosh
To assess short-term placebo response in 6- to 13-year-old children with ADHD, children who were administered a double-blind placebo-methylphenidate trial, 1 week each, were included in the analysis. Conners' parents and Teacher Rating scales, the Aggregate Neurobehavioral Student Health and Educational Review inventory, and the Matching Familiar Figure Test were employed. A reduction of 30% or more in one or more of the teachers report subscales was observed in 18.8% of the participants. Attention test performance resulted in 58% of children exhibiting reduction in error rates and 36...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448854/mental-health-care-providers-talk-about-their-experiences-preventing-suicide-in-people-with-substance-use-disorders-in-south-africa-implications-for-clinical-practice
#6
Daniel Goldstone, Jason Bantjes
OBJECTIVE: This study explored mental health care providers' experiences of preventing suicide in people with substance use disorders and their perceptions of factors related to clinical practice that contributed to these experiences. METHODS: In-depth, semistructured interviews were conducted with 18 mental health care providers working in South Africa. Thematic analysis was used to analyse the data inductively with Atlas.ti software. RESULTS: Participants described feeling hopeless, helpless, powerless and guilty and needed to debrief from their experiences of preventing suicide...
February 15, 2018: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442463/knowledge-and-selected-variables-as-determinants-of-the-quality-of-life-and-general-health-of-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#7
Aleksandra Pytel, Iwona Demczyszak, Edyta Sutkowska, Joanna Rosińczuk, Izabela Kuberka, Aleksandra Kołtuniuk
BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an incurable disease resulting in progressive disability, which is associated with the loss of productivity and the inability to earn money, which might lead to a financial burden on the patient's family. Undoubtedly, the clinical picture of the disease and its consequences lead to the reduction of the quality of life. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to evaluate the influence of selected factors on the subjective assessment of the quality of life and general health of patients with RA...
December 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441737/cesium-137-contaminated-roads-and-health-problems-in-residents-an-epidemiological-investigation-in-seoul-2011
#8
Mina Ha, Young Su Ju, Won Jin Lee, Seung Sik Hwang, Sang Chul Yoo, Kyung Hwa Choi, Eunae Burm, Jieon Lee, Yun Keun Lee, Sanghyuk Im
BACKGROUND: In 2011, two roads in a residential area in Seoul were found to be contaminated with the radionuclide cesium-137 (137Cs). In response to public concerns, an epidemiological study was conducted. METHODS: The standardized cancer incidence ratios in the affected and neighboring regions were calculated based on the central cancer registry. Households in the region were sampled using the random stratified sampling technique, and questionnaires were administered to family members, via home visit and via students in elementary to high schools...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438396/children-s-peer-violence-perpetration-and-victimization-prevalence-and-associated-factors-among-school-children-in-afghanistan
#9
Julienne Corboz, Osman Hemat, Wahid Siddiq, Rachel Jewkes
BACKGROUND: Child peer violence is a global problem and seriously impacts children's physical and psychological health, and their education outcomes. There are few research studies on children's peer violence available in South Asian countries, particularly in Afghanistan. This paper describes the prevalence of children's peer violence perpetration and victimization and associated factors among school children in Afghanistan. METHODS: A total of 770 children were recruited into a baseline study conducted as part of an intervention evaluation in 11 schools (seven girls' and four boys' schools)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437847/dental-students-perceived-clinical-competence-in-prosthodontics-comparison-of-traditional-and-problem-based-learning-methodologies
#10
Javier Montero, Abraham Dib, Yasmina Guadilla, Javier Flores, Juan Antonio Santos, Rosa Anaya Aguilar, Cristina Gómez-Polo
The aim of this study was to compare the perceived competence for treating prosthodontic patients of two samples of fourth-year dental students: those educated using traditional methodologies and those educated using problem-based learning (PBL). Two cohorts of fourth-year dental students at a dental school in Spain were surveyed: the traditional methods cohort (n=46) was comprised of all students in academic years 2012 and 2013, and the PBL cohort (n=57) was comprised of all students in academic years 2014 and 2015...
February 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437846/attitudes-towards-problem-based-learning-of-faculty-members-at-12-u-s-medical-and-dental-schools-a-comparative-study
#11
Ahmad Abdelkarim, Dorothy Schween, Timothy Ford
Problem-based learning (PBL) is a teaching method used in medical and dental education to promote students' problem-solving skills. It may also be a viable tool for interprofessional education in which medical and dental students learn together, collaborate, and learn about, from, and with each other. The aim of this study was to compare medical and dental faculty members' attitudes about and perceptions of PBL at 12 U.S. medical and dental schools known to use PBL. In 2015, 111 medical and 132 dental faculty members (combined n=243) from six medical and six dental schools completed a survey containing ten statements and an open comment section...
February 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436861/individual-correlates-of-sleep-among-childbearing-age-women-in-canada
#12
Lydi-Anne Vézina-Im, Alexandre Lebel, Pierre Gagnon, Theresa A Nicklas, Tom Baranowski
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Women of childbearing age (WOCBA) may be at high risk for short or poor sleep. Yet few studies have focused on this population. The study objective was to identify individual correlates of sleep duration and quality among WOCBA. PARTICIPANTS: The sample consisted of 9,749 WOCBA aged 18-44 years from the Canadian Community Health Survey 2011-2014. METHODS: All variables were self-reported. Sleep duration was dichotomized as insufficient (< 7 hr/night) or adequate (≥ 7 hr/night)...
February 13, 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435945/collaborating-with-families-exploring-family-member-and-health-care-provider-perspectives-on-engaging-families-within-medical-education
#13
Genevieve Ferguson, Alexxa Abi-Jaoude, Andrew Johnson, Riley Saikaly, Bethel Woldemichael, Asha Maharaj, Sophie Soklaridis, Latika Nirula, Mahreen Hasan, David Wiljer
OBJECTIVE: With 40 to 65% of mental health patients being cared for by family members, nearly 500,000 Canadians are serving as caregivers. Yet family members are often excluded from daily clinical interactions and the development of mental health continuing medical education (CME). This qualitative study aimed to understand how best to involve families in mental health CME and how to advance their meaningful and equitable engagement in such initiatives. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with two samples: mental health care providers (n = 8) and family members of individuals diagnosed with a co-occurring addiction and mental health problems (n = 12) to explore barriers, facilitators, and strategies for family engagement...
February 12, 2018: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435337/sick-at-work-prevalence-and-determinants-among-healthcare-workers-western-ethiopia-an-institution-based-cross-sectional-study
#14
Tesfaye Hambisa Mekonnen, Mekuriaw Alemayewu Tefera, Yayehirad Alemu Melsew
Background: Going to work despite feeling sick also known as sickness presenteeism is one of the emerging global occupational health challenges. Sickness presenteeism negatively affects both health of work forces and productivity of organizations in general. However, there is insufficient research exploring this situation in majority of the Sub-Saharan African countries, including Ethiopia. Thus this study intended to investigate the prevalence and determinant factors of sickness presenteeism among health care workers, Western Ethiopia...
2018: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434650/breastfeeding-technique-and-associated-factors-among-breastfeeding-mothers-in-harar-city-eastern-ethiopia
#15
Getahun Tiruye, Firehiwot Mesfin, Biftu Geda, Kasiye Shiferaw
Background: Ineffective breastfeeding technique is one of the factors contributing to mothers practicing non-exclusive breastfeeding. Inappropriate breastfeeding technique is the leading cause of nipple pain in Ethiopia, as in other countries. However, no studies have examined breastfeeding technique and associated factors in eastern Ethiopia. Therefore, this study was conducted with the aim of assessing breastfeeding technique and associated factors among breastfeeding mothers. Method: We conducted an institution based cross-sectional study in selected governmental health facilities of Harar city, Eastern, Ethiopia, from January to February 2017...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434175/can-hybrid-educational-activities-of-team-and-problem-based-learning-program-be-effective-for-japanese-medical-students
#16
Kentaro Iwata, Asako Doi
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to investigate the medical students'perceptions of the Hybrid Educational Activities between team based learning (TBL) and problem based learning (PBL) Program (HEATAPP), a novel educational program that combines characteristics of PBL and TBL. METHODS: A five-day HEATAPP on infectious diseases was provided to 4th year medical students at Kobe University School of Medicine, Kobe, Japan. After the program, a focus group discussion was held among 6 medical students who participated in HEATAPP...
November 10, 2017: Kobe Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434017/health-information-obtained-from-the-internet-and-changes-in-medical-decision-making-questionnaire-development-and-cross-sectional-survey
#17
Yen-Yuan Chen, Chia-Ming Li, Jyh-Chong Liang, Chin-Chung Tsai
BACKGROUND: The increasing utilization of the internet has provided a better opportunity for people to search online for health information, which was not easily available to them in the past. Studies reported that searching on the internet for health information may potentially influence an individual's decision making to change her health-seeking behaviors. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to (1) develop and validate 2 questionnaires to estimate the strategies of problem-solving in medicine and utilization of online health information, (2) determine the association between searching online for health information and utilization of online health information, and (3) determine the association between online medical help-seeking and utilization of online health information...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433728/bronchoscopy-education-an-experiential-learning-theory-perspective
#18
REVIEW
Septimiu D Murgu, Jonathan S Kurman, Omar Hasan
Bronchoscopy programs implementing the experiential learning model address different learning styles. Problem-based learning improves knowledge retention, critical decision making, and communication. These modalities are preferred by learners and contribute to their engagement, in turn leading to durable learning. Follow-up after live events is warranted through spaced education strategies. The objectives of this article are to (1) summarize and illustrate the implementation of experiential learning theory for bronchoscopy courses, (2) discuss the flipped classroom model and problem-based learning, (3) illustrate bronchoscopy checklists implementation in simulation, and (4) discuss the importance of feedback and spaced learning for bronchoscopy education programs...
March 2018: Clinics in Chest Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433702/educating-nurses-to-screen-and-intervene-for-intimate-partner-violence-during-pregnancy
#19
Charlene Bermele, Pamela A Andresen, Susan Urbanski
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a problem affecting women and families across the nation, and it has been associated with adverse pregnancy and birth outcomes. Here we describe how our team implemented an evidence-based protocol for the screening of pregnant women for IPV and case management for those experiencing violence. This protocol was implemented on an antepartum triage unit where nurses were educated on IPV, methods for screening pregnant women, and a brief intervention. Education included an online module and a live session with role-playing exercises...
February 2018: Nursing for Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429494/advancing-the-science-and-practice-of-precision-education-to-enhance-student-outcomes
#20
REVIEW
Clayton R Cook, Stephen P Kilgus, Matthew K Burns
School psychology research and practice has considerable room for growth to go beyond "did an intervention work?" to "what intervention worked for whom and how did it work?" The latter question reflects a more precise understanding of intervention, and involves strategic efforts to enhance the precision of services students with academic, behavioral, emotional, or physical health problems receive to enhance the degree to which interventions are appropriately tailored to and produce benefit for individual students...
February 2018: Journal of School Psychology
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