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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820951/lactation-consultants-perceived-barriers-to-providing-professional-breastfeeding-support
#1
Erica H Anstey, Martha Coulter, Cecilia M Jevitt, Kay M Perrin, Sharon Dabrow, Lynne B Klasko-Foster, Ellen M Daley
BACKGROUND: Addressing suboptimal breastfeeding initiation and duration rates is a priority in the United States. To address challenges to improving these rates, the voices of the providers who work with breastfeeding mothers should be heard. Research aim: The purpose of this study was to explore lactation consultants' perceived barriers to managing early breastfeeding problems. METHODS: This qualitative study was conducted with a grounded theory methodological approach...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819763/factors-associated-with-teacher-delivery-of-a-classroom-based-tier-2-prevention-program
#2
Kevin S Sutherland, Maureen A Conroy, Bryce D McLeod, James Algina, Rachel L Kunemund
Teachers sometimes struggle to deliver evidence-based programs designed to prevent and ameliorate chronic problem behaviors of young children with integrity. Identifying factors associated with variations in the quantity and quality of delivery is thus an important goal for the field. This study investigated factors associated with teacher treatment integrity of BEST in CLASS, a tier-2 prevention program designed for young children at risk for developing emotional/behavioral disorders. Ninety-two early childhood teachers and 231 young children at-risk for emotional/behavioral disorders participated in the study...
August 17, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819495/birth-preparedness-and-complication-readiness-among-pregnant-women-in-osogbo-metropolis-southwest-nigeria
#3
Adedayo Olukemi Sabageh, Oluwatosin Adediran Adeoye, Adeleye Abiodun Adeomi, Donatus Sabageh, Adebola Afolake Adejimi
INTRODUCTION: High maternal mortality is a major problem in Nigeria. Birth Preparedness and Complication Readiness will ensure that women can have professional delivery thus reducing obstetric complications. This study assessed the birth preparedness and complication readiness among pregnant women in Osogbo metropolis, a south western community in Nigeria. METHODS: A community based descriptive cross sectional survey was used. A total of 180 women were selected using multistage sampling technique...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817734/treatment-gap-and-barriers-for-mental-health-care-a-cross-sectional-community-survey-in-nepal
#4
Nagendra P Luitel, Mark J D Jordans, Brandon A Kohrt, Sujit D Rathod, Ivan H Komproe
CONTEXT: There is limited research on the gap between the burden of mental disorders and treatment use in low- and middle-income countries. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the treatment gap among adults with depressive disorder (DD) and alcohol use disorder (AUD) and to examine possible barriers to initiation and continuation of mental health treatment in Nepal. METHODS: A three-stage sampling technique was used in the study to select 1,983 adults from 10 Village Development Committees (VDCs) of Chitwan district...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817565/peer-violence-perpetration-and-victimization-prevalence-associated-factors-and-pathways-among-1752-sixth-grade-boys-and-girls-in-schools-in-pakistan
#5
Rozina Karmaliani, Judith Mcfarlane, Rozina Somani, Hussain Maqbool Ahmed Khuwaja, Shireen Shehzad Bhamani, Tazeen Saeed Ali, Saleema Gulzar, Yasmeen Somani, Esnat D Chirwa, Rachel Jewkes
BACKGROUND: Child peer violence is a global problem and seriously impacts health and education. There are few research studies available in Pakistan, or South Asia. We describe the prevalence of peer violence, associations, and pathways between socio-economic status, school performance, gender attitudes and violence at home. METHODS: 1752 children were recruited into a cluster randomized controlled trial conducted on 40 fairly homogeneous public schools (20 for girls and 20 for boys), in Hyderabad, Pakistan...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817395/echo-pain-curriculum-balancing-mandated-continuing-education-with-the-needs-of-rural-health-care-practitioners
#6
Brian M Shelley, Joanna G Katzman, George D Comerci, Daniel J Duhigg, Cynthia Olivas, Summers Kalishman, Rebecca Monette, Melissa Britt, Lainey Flatow-Trujillo, Sanjeev Arora
Chronic pain is a common problem in the United States. Health care professions training at the undergraduate and graduate levels in managing chronic pain is insufficient. The Chronic Pain and Headache Management TeleECHO Clinic (ECHO Pain) is a telehealth approach at Project ECHO (Extension for Community Healthcare Outcomes), which supports clinicians interested in improving their knowledge and confidence in treating patients with chronic pain and safe opioid management. It is a vehicle for educating practicing clinicians (at the "spoke") based on work-place learning with cases selected by participants from their patient panels combined with short lectures by experts (at the "hub")...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815609/the-academic-practice-gap-strategies-for-an-enduring-problem
#7
C L Huston, B Phillips, P Jeffries, C Todero, J Rich, P Knecht, S Sommer, M P Lewis
The academic-practice gap in nursing is well documented. Academe is criticized for producing nurses insufficiently prepared to fully participate in patient care. Practice settings are criticized for having unrealistic expectations of new graduates. This article is based on a review of the literature and an exploration of contemporary practices used to bridge academic and practice partnerships. Differences in outcome expectations for new graduates between academe and practice are outlined and consequences of the gap for new graduates, patients, and employers are discussed...
August 16, 2017: Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809921/first-choice-of-treatment-place-in-the-pathways-to-epileptic-care-at-the-outpatient-department-of-university-of-gondar-hospital-northwest-ethiopia-cross-sectional-institutional-based-study
#8
Berhanu Boru Bifftu, Berihun Assefa Dachew, Bewket Tadesse Tiruneh, Wondale Getinet Alemu
BACKGROUND: Epilepsy treatment gap range from 87% to 98%. In spite of this, there is a gross inadequacy of the availability, accessibility and affordability of Anti-Epileptic Drugs. In countries like Ethiopia, where most populations are less aware about mental health problems, most people seek help for their illness from traditional healers. Thus, the main purpose of this study was to assess the pathways to epilepsy care and associated factors. METHODS: Cross-sectional study design utilized among 409 participants selected by systematic random sampling technique...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805114/lack-of-compassion-or-poor-discretion-ways-of-addressing-malpractice
#9
Bodil Tveit, Anne Raustøl
In this article, our point of departure is the 'compassion crisis' in the National Health Service in the UK and the initiatives introduced in the aftermath of scandals that were intended to strengthen healthcare professionals' ability to show compassion. We look at the two main strategies, which we term the 'recruitment and staff development strategy' and the 'amelioration of the quality systems strategy' and the debate that has arisen related to them. Based on this analysis, we question whether compassion really is a helpful concept to understand the crisis and hence to underpin relevant strategies...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805090/examining-young-children-s-social-competence-using-functional-ability-profiles
#10
Tara W McLaughlin, Patricia A Snyder, James Algina
PURPOSE: To explore the use of International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health for Children and Youth (ICF-CY) based profiles of children's functional abilities in relation to their social competence. Subgroups based on shared profiles of functional ability were investigated as an alternative or complement to subgroups defined by disability categories. METHODS: Secondary analysis of a nationally representative data set of young children identified for special education services in the United States was used for the present study...
August 13, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802301/sleep-duration-s-association-with-diet-physical-activity-mental-status-and-weight-among-korean-high-school-students
#11
Jounghee Lee
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Sleep deprivation is a critical public health problem, especially in Korean adolescents. This study aimed to identify the association between sleep duration and dietary behaviors, physical activity, mental status, and nutritional status among high school students in South Korea. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Based on the data collected from the 2014 Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey, 31,407 high school students who met the inclusion criteria were selected and the association between sleep duration and selected health risk factors was identified using multivariable logistic regression models...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802086/acute-kidney-injury-is-common-with-intravenous-abuse-of-extended-release-oral-oxymorphone-and-delayed-renal-recovery-rates-are-associated-with-increased-kdigo-staging
#12
Alex K Bonnecaze, Matthew Whitaker Wilson, Ajay Dharod, Alison Fletcher, P J Miller
BACKGROUND: Prescription opioid abuse poses a serious problem in the United States, representing 615 per 100,000 deaths annually. Extended-release oxymorphone (Opana-ER) is an oral opioid pain medication that has recently been found to cause thrombotic microangiopathy when intravenously abused. In this retrospective study, prevalence and outcomes of AKI among patients intravenously abusing extended-release oral oxymorphone were analyzed. METHODS: A query of electronic medical records for "drug abuse" at an academic medical center during January 2012 to December 2015 was performed and yielded 2350 patients...
August 12, 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800059/the-impact-of-educational-interventions-on-attitudes-of-emergency-department-staff-towards-patients-with-substance-related-presentations-a-quantitative-systematic-review
#13
Miriam Gonzalez, Diana E Clarke, Asha Pereira, Krystal Boyce-Gaudreau, Celeste Waldman, Lisa Demczuk, Carol Legare
BACKGROUND: Visits to emergency departments for substance use/abuse are common worldwide. However, emergency department health care providers perceive substance-using patients as a challenging group to manage which can lead to negative attitudes. Providing education or experience-based exercises may impact positively on behaviors towards this patient population. Whether staff attitudes are similarly impacted by knowledge acquired through educational interventions remains unknown. OBJECTIVES: To synthesize available evidence on the relationship between new knowledge gained through substance use educational interventions and emergency department health care providers' attitudes towards patients with substance-related presentations...
August 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799688/developing-a-program-for-enhancing-youth-hiv-treatment-adherence-and-risk-reduction
#14
Warunee Fongkaew, Warawan Udomkhamsuk, Nongkran Viseskul, Marisa Guptaruk
Youth living with HIV face difficult and challenging situations that decrease their adherence to antiretroviral medications. In this study, we developed a pilot program to enhance HIV treatment adherence and risk reduction among youth living with HIV based on collaboration with a community hospital involving a multi-disciplinary healthcare team. Participants were 25 youth living with HIV/AIDS, 18 caregivers, and 12 healthcare providers. The action research process comprised a preliminary stage and four phases of assessment, planning, implementation, and evaluation...
August 11, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797933/simulation-debriefing-based-on-principles-of-transfer-of-learning-a-pilot-study
#15
Sandra Johnston, Fiona Coyer, Robyn Nash
Upon completion of undergraduate nursing courses, new graduates are expected to transition seamlessly into practice. Education providers face challenges in the preparation of undergraduate nurses due to increasing student numbers and decreasing availability of clinical placement sites. High fidelity patient simulation is an integral component of nursing curricula as an adjunct to preparation for clinical placement. Debriefing after simulation is an area where the underlying structure of problems can consciously be explored...
August 3, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797576/abilities-and-barriers-to-practicing-evidence-based-nursing-for-burn-specialist-nurses
#16
Liqing Yue, Xuegong Fan, Huan Peng
OBJECTIVE: To explore the abilities and barriers of practicing evidence-based nursing (EBN) for burn specialist nurses so as to provide rationales for its clinical training and practice. METHODS: From January 2016 to March 2016, a cross-sectional survey was conducted with a self-designed questionnaire among burn specialist nurses in Hunan Province. Data analysis was performed with SPSS software (version 20). RESULTS: Burn specialist nurses in Hunan Province had diminished EBN abilities...
August 7, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795921/health-at-the-borders-bayesian-multilevel-analysis-of-women-s-malnutrition-determinants-in-ethiopia
#17
Tefera Darge Delbiso, Jose Manuel Rodriguez-Llanes, Chiara Altare, Bruno Masquelier, Debarati Guha-Sapir
Background Women's malnutrition, particularly undernutrition, remains an important public health challenge in Ethiopia. Although various studies examined the levels and determinants of women's nutritional status, the influence of living close to an international border on women's nutrition has not been investigated. Yet, Ethiopian borders are regularly affected by conflict and refugee flows, which might ultimately impact health. Objective To investigate the impact of living close to borders in the nutritional status of women in Ethiopia, while considering other important covariates...
December 2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795635/attitudes-within-the-general-population-towards-seeking-professional-help-in-cases-of-mental-distress
#18
Saska Roskar, Mark Floyd Bracic, Urska Kolar, Ksenija Lekic, Nusa Konec Juricic, Alenka Tancic Grum, Bogdan Dobnik, Vita Postuvan, Mojca Vatovec
BACKGROUND: Although effective treatment is available for a variety of mental disorders, the treatment and help-seeking gap remains high. One of the main obstacles to help-seeking behaviour is prevailing stigmatizing attitudes. AIM: To examine attitudes within the general population towards seeking professional help in times of mental distress. METHODS: A representative general population survey ( N = 594) was conducted in Slovenia by means of an Internet-based questionnaire, covering data on demographic variables and attitudes towards help-seeking behaviour...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793369/mental-health-work-in-school-health-services-and-school-nurses-involvement-and-attitudes-in-a-norwegian-context
#19
Hege Skundberg-Kletthagen, Øyfrid Larsen Moen
The aim of the study was to explore school nurses' experiences with and attitudes towards working with young people with mental health problem in the school health services. BACKGROUND: Worldwide, 10-20% of children and adolescents are affected by mental health problems. When these occur during youth, they constitute a considerable burden and are one of the main causes of disability among adolescents. School nurses are at the forefront of care for children and adolescents, identifying pupils struggling with physical, mental, psychosocial, or emotional issues...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792567/-efficacy-of-mental-health-prevention-and-promotion-strategies-in-higher-education
#20
Marc Martineau, Guy Beauchamp, Diane Marcotte
Recent studies inform of increases in reported mental health problems in higher education students worldwide, with suicide and homicide being the most dramatic outcomes. Improving first-hand intervention and implementing mental health prevention and promotion strategies in colleges and universities are amongst the most commonly mentioned means of addressing these concerns. While institutions increasingly favor mental health promotion, most programs have not been properly evaluated and most strategies cannot be replicated...
2017: Santé Mentale Au Québec
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