Read by QxMD icon Read

chronic thyroiditis

K Wolinski, A Stangierski, K Dyrda, K Nowicka, M Pelka, A Iqbal, A Car, M Lazizi, N Bednarek, A Czarnywojtek, E Gurgul, M Ruchala
PURPOSE: Acromegaly is a chronic disease resulting from pathological oversecretion of growth hormone and subsequently insulin growth factor-1. Several complications of the disease have been reported, including cardiovascular diseases, respiratory disorders but also increased risk of benign and malignant neoplasms. The aim of the study was to evaluate the risk of malignant neoplasms in the patients with acromegaly in comparison with the control group. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Medical documentation of acromegalic patients treated in one medical center between 2005 and 2016 has been analyzed...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
Drew A Torigian, Judith Green-McKenzie, Xianling Liu, Frances S Shofer, Thomas Werner, Catherine E Smith, Andrew A Strasser, Mateen C Moghbel, Ami H Parekh, Grace Choi, Marcus D Goncalves, Natalie Spaccarelli, Saied Gholami, Prithvi S Kumar, Yubing Tong, Jayaram K Udupa, Clementina Mesaros, Abass Alavi
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)-positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) to systematically detect and quantify differential effects of chronic tobacco use in organs of the whole body. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty healthy male subjects (10 nonsmokers and 10 chronic heavy smokers) were enrolled. Subjects underwent whole-body FDG-PET/CT, diagnostic unenhanced chest CT, mini-mental state examination, urine testing for oxidative stress, and serum testing...
October 18, 2016: Academic Radiology
K R Anila, Nileena Nayak, K Jayasree
INTRODUCTION: Chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis [Hashimoto thyroiditis (HT)] is a common thyroid lesion diagnosed on fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC). Apart from FNAC, various other parameters, such as clinical features, ultrasonographic findings, antithyroid antibody levels, hormone profiles, and radionuclide thyroid scan, are also taken into consideration in making a diagnosis of HT. AIMS: To grade lymphocytic thyroiditis based on the cytomorphology and to correlate the cytological grades with the levels of antithyroid peroxidase antibody (ATPO), antithyroglobulin antibody (ATG), and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH)...
July 2016: Journal of Cytology
Surjit Singh, Pramod Kumar Sharma
Here, we present a case of chronic myeloid leukemia for which imatinib therapy was initated. Triiodothyronine (T3), thyroxine (T4), and thyroid-stimulating hormone was normal, and thyroid microsomal autoantibodies (TMA) were positive and patient was diagnosed as thyroiditis treated with corticosteroids for 1½ months which lead to resolution.
July 2016: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
Kate Hoffman, Julie A Sosa, Heather M Stapleton
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Flame retardant chemicals are added to consumer products to reduce fire incidence and severity; approximately 1.5 million tons of these chemicals are used annually. However, their widespread use has led to their ubiquitous presence in the environment and chronic accumulation in human tissues. We summarize current trends in human flame retardant chemical exposure, and review recent data highlighting concerns for thyroid dysregulation and cancer risk in human populations...
October 14, 2016: Current Opinion in Oncology
Justin Darcy, Samuel McFadden, Yimin Fang, Joshua A Huber, Chi Zhang, Liou Y Sun, Andrzej Bartke
Ames dwarf mice (Prop1(df/df)) are long-lived due to a loss of function mutation resulting in deficiency of growth hormone (GH), thyroid-stimulating hormone and prolactin. Along with a marked extension of longevity, Ames dwarf mice have improved energy metabolism as measured by an increase in their oxygen consumption (VO2) and heat production, as well as a decrease in their respiratory quotient (RQ). Along with alterations in energy metabolism, Ames dwarf mice have a lower core body temperature (Tco). Moreover, Ames dwarf mice have functionally altered epididymal white adipose tissue (eWAT) that improves, rather than impairs, their insulin sensitivity due to a shift from pro- to anti-inflammatory cytokine secretion...
October 14, 2016: Endocrinology
Mahya Sultan Tosun, Vildan Ertekin
Pigmentary mosaicism is a term used to encompass all of these different types of pigmentary patterns. Among these mosaic patterns, there have been only a few reports of the phylloid presentation in the literature. On the other hand, autoimmune disorders can be associated with neurocutaneous markers and syndromes. A fifteen-year-old girl was presented for chronic diarrhea and abdominal pain. Her physical examination had determined multiple hypopigmented patches. Finally, she was diagnosed phylloid hypomelanosis together with partial trisomy 13 accompanying celiac disease and autoimmune thyroiditis...
November 2015: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
Karel Vondra
From the recent literature data it may be concluded that vitamin D deficiency is associated with increased risk of thyroid autoimmunity development and thus should be considered as an additional important risk factor for both chronic autoimmune thyroiditis (postpartum thyroiditis including) and Graves´ disease. A higher risk of Graves´ disease development is also associated with several polymorphisms in the gene encoding for vitamin D binding protein and for the specific receptor of active form of vitamin D - 1,25-(OH)2D3 in the respective target cells...
2016: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
Magdalena Lang, Roi Treister, Anne Louise Oaklander
Small-fiber polyneuropathy (SFPN) causes non-specific symptoms including chronic pain, cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, and sweating complaints. Diagnosis is made from history and exam in patients with known risk factors such as diabetes, but objective test confirmation is recommended for patients without known risks. If tests confirm SFPN, and it is "initially idiopathic" (iiSFPN), screening for occult causes is indicated. This study's aim was to evaluate the 21 widely available, recommended blood tests to identify the most cost-effective ones and to learn about occult causes of iiSFPN...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Neurology
Nikhil Karekannapal, Rajeev Agarwal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
P Bhanuprakash
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Connie Y Chang, Daniel I Rosenthal, Deborah M Mitchell, Atsuhiko Handa, Susan V Kattapuram, Ambrose J Huang
Metabolic bone diseases are a diverse group of diseases that result in abnormalities of (a) bone mass, (b) structure mineral homeostasis, (c) bone turnover, or (d) growth. Osteoporosis, the most common metabolic bone disease, results in generalized loss of bone mass and deterioration in the bone microarchitecture. Impaired chondrocyte development and failure to mineralize growth plate cartilage in rickets lead to widened growth plates and frayed metaphyses at sites of greatest growth. Osteomalacia is the result of impaired mineralization of newly formed osteoid, which leads to characteristic Looser zones...
October 2016: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Petr Husa
Extrahepatic manifestations of hepatitis C virus infection (HCV) are very common. The most common of these is mixed cryoglobulinaemia. Anti-HCV antibodies and viral ribonucleic acid, HCV RNA, can be found in the cryoprecipitates, together with the rheumatoid factor. Cryoglobulins consist of a complex of immunoglobulins that in vitro precipitate upon the cooling bellow the human body temperature. Vasculitis is caused by the deposition of such immune complexes in the small blood vessels. A link with the HCV infection is considered to be established with membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis, leukocytoclastic vasculitis, lymphoproliferative disorders (in particular B cell lymphoma), Sjögren and sicca syndrome, lichen planus, porfyria cutanea tarda and diabetes mellitus...
2016: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
Peichao Chen, Dan He, Ya Zhang, Shanshan Yang, Liujun Chen, Shengqin Wang, Huixi Zou, Zhiyong Liao, Xu Zhang, Mingjiang Wu
Aging is a complex issue, which results in a progressive decline process in cellular protection and physiological functions. Illustrating the causes of aging and pharmaceutical interference with the aging process has been a pivotal issue for thousands of years. Sargassum fusiforme (S. fusiforme), a kind of brown alga, is also named the "longevity vegetable" as it is not only a kind of food, but also used as an herb in traditional Chinese Medicine for maintaining health and treatment of thyroid disease, cardiovascular disease and so on...
October 10, 2016: Food & Function
Juhwan Noh, Hyeon Chang Kim, Anna Shin, Hyungseon Yeom, Suk-Yong Jang, Jung Hyun Lee, Changsoo Kim, Il Suh
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Joint National Committee guidelines attempt to vary treatment recommendations for patients based on considerations of their comorbidities. The aim of the present study is to estimate the age-standardized prevalence of common comorbidities among Korean hypertension patients. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We analyzed the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2007 to 2013. Among the 58423 participants, 30092 adults, aged ≥30 yrs who completed a health examination and interview survey, were selected...
September 2016: Korean Circulation Journal
Da Young Lee, Jae Hwan Jee, Ji Eun Jun, Tae Hyuk Kim, Sang-Man Jin, Kyu Yeon Hur, Sun Wook Kim, Jae Hoon Chung, Moon-Kyu Lee, Jae Hyeon Kim
The objective of this study is to evaluate the predictive values of baseline thyroid-stimulating hormone and the rate of thyroid-stimulating hormone change within the euthyroid state on the development of chronic kidney disease. We conducted a longitudinal study in 17,067 Korean adults with normal thyroid function and no history of thyroid disease. Incident chronic kidney disease was defined as an estimated glomerular filtration rate <60 ml/min/1.73 m(2). The rate of thyroid-stimulating hormone change was determined by subtracting the baseline thyroid-stimulating hormone level from the thyroid-stimulating hormone level measured at the last visit prior to the diagnosis of chronic kidney disease or at the final visit in subjects without chronic kidney disease, divided by the observation period (years)...
October 5, 2016: Endocrine
Johanna Wichman, Kristian Hillert Winther, Steen Joop Bonnema, Laszlo Hegedus
BACKGROUND: Selenium supplementation may decrease circulating thyroid autoantibodies in patients with chronic autoimmune thyroiditis (AIT), but the previous trials are heterogenous. Here, we expand and critically reappraise the knowledge on this topic. METHODS: A literature search identified 3366 records. Controlled trials in adults (≥ 18 years) with AIT, comparing selenium with or without levothyroxine (LT4), versus placebo and/or LT4, were eligible. Assessed outcomes were serum thyroid peroxidase (TPO-Ab), thyroglobulin (Tg-Ab) autoantibody levels, and immunomodulatory effects...
October 5, 2016: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
Kristian Hillert Winther, Johanna Eva Märta Wichman, Steen Joop Bonnema, Laszlo Hegedüs
By a systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate clinically relevant effects of selenium supplementation in patients with chronic autoimmune thyroiditis. Controlled trials in adults (≥18 years) with autoimmune thyroiditis, comparing selenium with or without levothyroxine substitution, versus placebo and/or levothyroxine substitution, were eligible for inclusion. Identified outcomes were serum thyrotropin (thyroid stimulating hormone) levels in LT4-untreated patients, thyroid ultrasound and health-related quality of life...
September 28, 2016: Endocrine
Justyna Szczapa-Jagustyn, Anna Gotz-Więckowska, Jarosław Kocięcki
BACKGROUND: Risk of developing thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy (TAO) in children and adolescents is similar or may be even slightly higher than in adults. The aim of this article is to review and summarize current knowledge regarding diagnostic and therapeutic measures in pediatric TAO. CONTENT: MEDLINE and EMBASE papers were searched using the terms 'pediatric Graves' ophthalmopathy' 'pediatric Graves' orbitopathy', 'thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy in childhood and adolescence' from the year 1970 to December 2015...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
Ali S Haider, Maryam Alam, Ebun Adetutu, Richa Thakur, Caleb Gottlich, Danielle L DeBacker, Lianne Marks
Hashimoto's encephalitis (HE), also known as steroid-responsive encephalopathy associated with autoimmune thyroiditis (SREAT), can be a debilitating manifestation of an autoimmune reaction against the thyroid that is often under-diagnosed primarily due to a lack of definitive diagnostic criteria. This is a case of a 52-year-old woman who has been diagnosed with HE after presenting with recurrent and severe psychosis in conjunction with paranoia and a thyroidopathy. Her symptoms are chronic, having first been documented as presenting 15 years prior and showing progressive exacerbation in both frequency and severity...
2016: Curēus
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"