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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352988/stat3-as-a-promising-chemoresistance-biomarker-associated-with-the-cd44-high-cd24-low-aldh-bcscs-like-subset-of-the-triple-negative-breast-cancer-tnbc-cell-line
#1
Milene Pereira Moreira, Letícia da Conceição Braga, Geovanni Dantas Cassali, Luciana Maria Silva
The cancer stem cell (CSC) concept is currently employed to explain the mechanism of multidrug resistance that is implicated in the reduced efficacy of many chemotherapeutic agents, consequently leading to metastatic spread and disease relapse. We searched for potential predictive markers of doxorubicin (DOX) resistance in breast cancer stem cells (BCSCs) of the BT-549 human triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) cell line classified as a claudin-low subtype. In this study, we show that BT-549 presents a BCSCs-like subset determined by a CD44+/high/CD24-/low/ALDH1+ phenotype...
January 15, 2018: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351901/xiap-regulation-by-mnk-links-mapk-and-nf%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-to-determine-an-aggressive-breast-cancer-phenotype
#2
Myron K Evans, Michael C Brown, Joseph Geradts, Xuhui Bao, Timothy J Robinson, Mohit Kumar Jolly, Peter Vermeulen, Gregory M Palmer, Matthias Gromeier, Herbert Levine, Michael A Morse, Steven Van Laere, Gayathri R Devi
Hyperactivation of the NFκB pathway is a distinct feature of inflammatory breast cancer (IBC), a highly proliferative and lethal disease. Gene expression studies in IBC patient tissue have linked epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR/HER2)-mediated MAPK signaling to NFκB hyperactivity, but the mechanism(s) by which this occurs remain unclear. Here, we report that the X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein (XIAP) plays a central role in linking these two pathways. XIAP overexpression correlated with poor prognoses in breast cancer patients and was frequently observed in untreated IBC patient primary tumors...
January 19, 2018: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348189/cancer-stem-cell-phenotypes-in-er-breast-cancer-models-are-promoted-by-pelp1-aib1-complexes
#3
Thu H Truong, Hsiangyu Hu, Nuri A Temiz, Kyla Hagen, Brian J Girard, Nicholas J Brady, Kathryn L Schwertfeger, Carol A Lange, Julie H Ostrander
Proline, glutamic acid, and leucine rich protein 1 (PELP1) is overexpressed in approximately 80% of invasive breast tumors. PELP1 dynamically shuttles between the nucleus and cytoplasm, but is primarily nuclear in normal breast tissue. However, altered localization of PELP1 to the cytoplasm is an oncogenic event that promotes breast cancer initiation and progression. Herein, interacting partners unique to cytoplasmic PELP1 and the mechanisms by which these interactions promote oncogenic PELP1 signaling were sought...
January 18, 2018: Molecular Cancer Research: MCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344850/hur-facilitates-cancer-stemness-of-lung-cancer-cells-via-regulating-mir-873-cdk3-and-mir-125a-3p-cdk3-axis
#4
Yu Zhang, Limin Yang, Chunhua Ling, Wei Heng
OBJECTIVES: To study the roles and mechanisms of HuR in cancer stem cell maintenance of lung cancer. RESULTS: HuR expression was increased in tumor spheres of lung cancer cells. Knockdown of HuR suppressed spheroid formation and size, inhibited the expression of stemness-related marker, Oct4, Nanog and ALDH in lung cancer cells. Importantly, HuR and CDK3 expressions were increased in lung cancer tissues compared with normal adjacent tissues, and positively correlated...
January 17, 2018: Biotechnology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344135/identification-of-differentially-expressed-genes-in-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-tca8113-cells
#5
Jun Wang, Lifeng Li, Lina Gao, Chao Guan, Kexin Su, Linlin Li, Wenping Luo, Hongying Chen, Ping Ji
Previous studies have demonstrated that cancer cells with increased levels of aldehyde dehydrogenase 'bright' activity (ALDHbr) exhibit stem cell properties compared with cells exhibiting decreased ALDH activity (ALDHlow). To screen possible biomarkers of cancer stem cells in tongue squamous cell carcinoma, ALDHbr and ALDHlow cells were isolated from the tongue squamous cell carcinoma TCA8113 cell line, and suppression subtractive hybridization was performed to identify differentially expressed genes in the two subpopulations...
December 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343849/mutant-p53-gain-of-function-underlies-high-expression-levels-of-colorectal-cancer-stem-cells-markers
#6
Hilla Solomon, Nathan Dinowitz, Ioannis S Pateras, Tomer Cooks, Yoav Shetzer, Alina Molchadsky, Meital Charni, Stav Rabani, Gabriela Koifman, Ohad Tarcic, Ziv Porat, Ira Kogan-Sakin, Naomi Goldfinger, Moshe Oren, Curtis C Harris, Vassilis G Gorgoulis, Varda Rotter
Emerging notion in carcinogenesis ascribes tumor initiation and aggressiveness to cancer stem cells (CSCs). Specifically, colorectal cancer (CRC) development was shown to be compatible with CSCs hypothesis. Mutations in p53 are highly frequent in CRC, and are known to facilitate tumor development and aggressiveness. Yet, the link between mutant p53 and colorectal CSCs is not well-established. In the present study, we set to examine whether oncogenic mutant p53 proteins may augment colorectal CSCs phenotype...
January 18, 2018: Oncogene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341428/epigenetic-silencing-of-tap1-in-aldefluor-breast-cancer-stem-cells-contributes-to-their-enhanced-immune-evasion
#7
Mohammad Sultan, Dejan Vidovic, Arianne S Paine, Thomas T Huynh, Krysta M Coyle, Margaret L Thomas, Brianne M Cruickshank, Cheryl A Dean, Derek R Clements, Youra Kim, Kristin Lee, Shashi A Gujar, Ian C Weaver, Paola Marcato
Avoiding detection and destruction by immune cells is key for tumor initiation and progression. The important role of cancer stem cells (CSC) in tumor initiation has been well established, yet their ability to evade immune detection and targeting is only partly understood. To investigate the ability of breast CSCs to evade immune detection we identified a highly tumorigenic population in a spontaneous murine mammary tumor based on increased aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) activity. We performed tumor growth studies in immunocompetent and immunocompromised mice...
January 17, 2018: Stem Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340046/sampling-from-single-cell-observations-to-predict-tumor-cell-growth-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#8
Alexander T Pearson, Patrick Ingram, Shoumei Bai, Patrick O'Hayer, Jaehoon Chung, Euisik Yoon, Trachette Jackson, Ronald J Buckanovich
Cancer stem-like cells (CSCs) are a topic of increasing importance in cancer research, but are difficult to study due to their rarity and ability to rapidly divide to produce non-self-cells. We developed a simple model to describe transitions between aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) positive CSCs and ALDH(-) bulk ovarian cancer cells. Microfluidics device-isolated single cell experiments demonstrated that ALDH+ cells were more proliferative than ALDH(-) cells. Based on our model we used ALDH+ and ALDH(-) cell division and proliferation properties to develop an empiric sampling algorithm and predict growth rate and CSC proportion for both ovarian cancer cell line and primary ovarian cancer cells, in-vitro and in-vivo...
December 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334844/the-molecular-signature-of-aml-with-increased-aldh-activity-suggests-a-stem-cell-origin
#9
Rachel Blume, Eugen Rempel, Linda Manta, Borhan R Saeed, Wenwen Wang, Simon Raffel, Olga Ermakova, Volker Eckstein, Vladimir Benes, Andreas Trumpp, Anthony D Ho, Christoph Lutz
Enrichment of leukemic blasts with a stem cell phenotype correlates with poor survival in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). In this context, measurement of the stem cell marker aldehyde-dehydrogenase (ALDH) activity can distinguish poor prognosis cases with increased fractions of ALDH-positive cells (ALDH-numerous AML) and favorable outcome cases with low percentages (ALDH-rare AML). It has been shown that ALDH-numerous AML favor leukemic engraftment in xenotransplantation assays which suggests increased leukemic stem cell (LSC) potential...
January 16, 2018: Leukemia & Lymphoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333563/aldehyde-dehydrogenase-activity-in-adipose-tissue-isolation-and-gene-expression-profile-of-distinct-sub-population-of-mesenchymal-stromal-cells
#10
Mehdi Najar, Emerence Crompot, Leo A van Grunsven, Laurent Dollé, Laurence Lagneaux
Thanks to their relative abundance and easier collection, adipose tissue (AT) is considered an alternative source for the isolation of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs). MSCs have great therapeutic values and are thus under investigations for several clinical indications such as regenerative medicine and immunomodulation. In this work, we aimed to identify, isolate and characterize AT-MSCs based on their aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) activity known to be a classical feature of stem cells. FACS technology allowed to isolate two different populations of AT-MSCs according to their ALDH activity (referred as ALDH+ and ALDH-)...
January 15, 2018: Stem Cell Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327513/methanol-water-aqueous-phase-reforming-by-the-assistant-of-dehydrogenases-at-near-room-temperature
#11
Yangbin Shen, Yulu Zhan, Shuping Li, Fandi Ning, Ying Du, Yunjie Huang, Ting He, Xiaochun Zhou
As an excellent hydrogen storage medium, methanol has many advantages, such as high hydrogen content (12.6 wt%), low-cost and availability from biomass or photocatalysis. However, conventional methanol-water reforming usually proceeds at high temperature. In this research, we successfully designed a new effective strategy to generate hydrogen from methanol at near-room temperature. The strategy involves two main procedures, which are CH3OH→HCOOH→H2 and NADH→HCOOH→H2. The first procedure (CH3OH→HCOOH→H2) is performed by alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH), aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) and the Ir-catalyst...
January 11, 2018: ChemSusChem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323439/a-synthetic-binder-of-breast-cancer-stem-cells
#12
Luxi Chen, Chao Long, Kha Andy Minh Tran, Jiyong Lee
Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are associated with drug resistance, metastasis and recurrence of cancer. A synthetic binder of CSCs can provide a valuable tool to study the biology of CSCs and a lead to develop imaging, diagnostic and therapeutic agents targeting CSCs. Herein, a synthetic ligand (1) that specifically binds to CSCs over non-CSCs of breast cancer cells was identified for the first time via a cell-binding screening of a chemical library. The ligand 1 showed specific biding to CD24-/CD44+/ALDH+ CSC population of MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231...
January 11, 2018: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316250/dual-inhibition-of-wnt-and-yes-associated-protein-signaling-retards-the-growth-of-triple-negative-breast-cancer-in-both-mesenchymal-and-epithelial-states
#13
Andrew Sulaiman, Sarah McGarry, Li Li, Deyong Jia, Sarah Ooi, Christina Addison, Jim Dimitroulakos, Angel Arnaout, Carolyn Nessim, Zemin Yao, Guang Ji, Haiyan Song, Suresh Gadde, Xuguang Li, Lisheng Wang
Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC), the most refractory subtype of breast cancer to current treatments, accounts disproportionately for the majority of breast cancer related deaths. This is largely due to cancer plasticity and the development of cancer stem cells (CSCs). Recently, distinct yet interconvertible mesenchymal-like and epithelial-like states have been revealed in breast CSCs. Thus, strategies capable of simultaneously inhibiting bulk and CSC populations in both mesenchymal and epithelial states have yet to be developed...
January 9, 2018: Molecular Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313727/polymethoxylated-flavones-from-orange-peels-inhibit-cell-proliferation-in-a-3d-cell-model-of-human-colorectal-cancer
#14
Inês Silva, Marta F Estrada, Carolina V Pereira, Andreia Bento da Silva, Maria R Bronze, Paula M Alves, Catarina M M Duarte, Catarina Brito, Ana Teresa Serra
Polymethoxylated flavones (PMFs) have been recognized to inhibit colorectal cancer proliferation through various mechanisms, however most of these studies have been performed on cells grown as monolayers that present limitations in mimicking the 3D tumor architecture and microenvironment. The main aim of this study was to investigate the anticancer potential of an orange peel extract (OPE) enriched in PMFs in a 3D cell model of colorectal cancer. The OPE was developed by supercritical fluid extraction and the anticancer effect was evaluated in HT29 spheroids cultures in a stirred-tank based system...
January 9, 2018: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309081/chicken-breast-muscle-hydrolysates-ameliorate-acute-alcohol-induced-liver-injury-in-mice-through-alcohol-dehydrogenase-adh-activation-and-oxidative-stress-reduction
#15
Chuqiao Xiao, Feibai Zhou, Mouming Zhao, Guowan Su, Baoguo Sun
In this study, the ameliorative effect of chicken breast muscle hydrolysates (CBMHs) against acute alcohol-induced liver injury was investigated and its probable mechanism was further elucidated. In vitro studies clearly showed that CBMHs are able to activate alcohol metabolic enzymes (i.e. alcohol dehydrogenase, ADH) in an exponential manner. Meanwhile, an in vivo experiment on male NIH mice indicated that the oral administration of CBMHs (150, 300 and 600 mg per kg bw) 30 min prior to acute alcohol ingestion could significantly promote alcohol metabolism as revealed by the reduced duration of the loss of righting reflex (LORR) and the enhanced activity of alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) and aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) in the liver, the latter accelerating alcohol oxidation and therefore the decreased blood alcohol concentration (BAC) level...
January 8, 2018: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290263/abundant-tumor-promoting-stromal-cells-in-lung-adenocarcinoma-with-hypoxic-regions
#16
Hiroshi Nakamura, Tomohiro Ichikawa, Shoko Nakasone, Tomohiro Miyoshi, Masato Sugano, Motohiro Kojima, Satoshi Fujii, Atsushi Ochiai, Takeshi Kuwata, Keiju Aokage, Kenji Suzuki, Masahiro Tsuboi, Genichiro Ishii
OBJECTIVES: Carbonic anhydrase IX (CAIX) is a marker of hypoxia and its expression by cancer associated fibroblasts (CAFs) was reportedly associated with the poor prognosis of lung adenocarcinoma. This study aimed to characterize the hypoxic microenvironment containing CAIX (+) CAFs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: First, we evaluated the clinicopathological significance of CAIX expression by CAFs in 3cm and above lung adenocarcinoma (n=188). We then compared the expressions of E-cadherin, ezrin, ALDH-1, CD44, EGFR, HSF-1, Glut-1, and PD-L1 in cancer cells, as well as those of CD204 and podoplanin in stromal cells between CAIX (+) CAFs and CAIX (-) CAFs cases (n=25, each)...
January 2018: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285988/characterization-and-differentiation-of-sorted-human-fetal-pancreatic-aldhhi-and-aldhhi-cd133-cells-towards-insulin-expressing-cells
#17
Amanda Oakie, Jinming Li, George F Fellows, David A Hess, Rennian Wang
The enzyme aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) is found in developing and multipotent cell populations, and is important for the production and regulation of retinoic acid controlling β-cell differentiation in the pancreas. The role of ALDH-expressing cells in the formation of endocrine-like cells and co-localization with the putative stem cell marker CD133 has not been examined during human pancreatic development. This study focuses on the co-expression of CD133 on ALDH+ cells from the human fetal pancreas (18-22 weeks of fetal age) with transcription factors (TFs) central to endocrine cell development...
December 29, 2017: Stem Cells and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275025/-genetic-factors-in-alcohol-dependence
#18
Nicolas Ramoz, Philip Gorwood
Genetic factors are involved in the predisposition to alcohol dependence with an heritability of about 0.5. Sequencing or analysis of the polymorphisms of genes or the whole human genome allow to identify genetic markers of alcohol dependence. Genes of the brain pathway of motivation and reward, including DRD2 and ANKK1, are associated with alcohol dependence. Genes encoding the gabaergic receptors show variants link to alcohol dependence. Polymorphisms in the genes encoding the enzymes alcohol desydrogenases (ADH) and aldehyde-dehydrogenases (ALDH) are associated to the susceptibility or the protection of alcohol dependence...
December 20, 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274322/subpopulations-of-cancer-stem-cells-found-in-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma
#19
Saied Mirshahidi, Alfred Simental, Steve Lee, Pedro A De Andrade Filho, Nathaniel R Peterson, Wenlong Cao, Rosalia de Necochea-Campion, Hao Yang, Penelope Duerksen-Hughes, Xiangpeng Yuan
Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is the most common form of thyroid cancer and while it has a generally good prognosis, tumor recurrence remains a major clinical challenge. Studying laboratory cell lines as well as clinical specimens indicate that PTC may follow the cancer stem cell (CSC) model. However, CSC characteristics relevant in PTC initiation and progression remain largely unknown. Here we studied a population of sphere-growing tumor cells isolated from primary cultures of clinical PTC. These sphere-growing cells consisted of aldehyde dehydrogenase positive (ALDH+) and ALDH negative (ALDH-) cell subpopulations and demonstrated a hierarchical pattern of cell division...
December 20, 2017: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250533/pd-l1-promotes-self-renewal-and-tumorigenicity-of-malignant-melanoma-initiating-cells
#20
Fang Zheng, Jianzhong Dang, Hui Zha, Bingyu Zhang, Ming Lin, Fanjun Cheng
Recent studies have indicated that therapeutic antibodies targeting PD-L1 show remarkable efficacy in clinical trials in multiple tumors and that a melanoma cell-intrinsic PD-1: PD-L1 axis promotes tumor growth. However, few studies have shown tumor-intrinsic PD-L1 effects in malignant melanoma initiating cells (MMICs). Here, we aim to determine the possible regulatory effects of PD-L1 on MMICs. The ALDEFLUOR kit was used to identify ALDH+ MMICs. Flow cytometry was used to examine the expression of PD-L1 on ALDH+ MMICs...
2017: BioMed Research International
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