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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352831/associations-between-adherence-to-the-danish-food-based-dietary-guidelines-and-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-in-a-danish-adult-population-the-dipi-study
#1
Johanne L Arentoft, Camilla Hoppe, Elisabeth W Andersen, Kim Overvad, Inge Tetens
Diet is recognised as one modifiable lifestyle factor for ischaemic heart disease (IHD). We aimed at investigating the associations between adherence to the Danish Food-Based Dietary Guidelines (FBDG) indicated by a Dietary Quality Index (DQI) and selected cardiometabolic risk factors in a cross-sectional study with 219 Danish adult participants (59 %women; age 31-65years) with a minimum of one self-rated risk marker of IHD. Information regarding diet was obtained using web-based dietary assessment software and adherence to the Danish FBDG was expressed by a DQI calculated from 5 food and nutrient indicators (whole grain, fish, fruit and vegetables, energy from saturated fat and from added sugar)...
January 21, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350914/cys34-adductomes-differ-between-patients-with-chronic-lung-or-heart-disease-and-healthy-controls-in-central-london
#2
Sa Liu, Hasmik Grigoryan, William Matthew Bell Edmands, Sonia Dagnino, Rudy Sinharay, Paul Cullinan, Peter Collins, Kian Fan Chung, Benjamin M Barratt, Frank J Kelly, Paolo Vineis, Stephen M Rappaport
Oxidative stress generates reactive species that modify proteins, deplete antioxidant defenses and contribute to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and ischemic heart disease (IHD). To determine whether protein modifications differ between COPD or IHD patients and healthy subjects, we performed untargeted analysis of adducts at the Cys34 locus of human serum albumin (HSA). Biospecimens were obtained from nonsmoking participants from London, U.K., including healthy subjects (n=20) and patients with COPD (n=20) or IHD (n=10)...
January 19, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349286/exercise-self-efficacy-in-adults-with-congenital-heart-disease
#3
Annika Bay, Camilla Sandberg, Ulf Thilén, Karin Wadell, Bengt Johansson
Background: Physical activity improves health, exercise tolerance and quality of life in adults with congenital heart disease (CHD), and exercise training is in most patients a high-benefit low risk intervention. However, factors that influence the confidence to perform exercise training, i.e. exercise self-efficacy (ESE), in CHD patients are virtually unknown. We aimed to identify factors related to low ESE in adults with CHD, and potential strategies for being physically active. Methods: Seventy-nine adults with CHD; 38 with simple lesions (16 women) and 41 with complex lesions (17 women) with mean age 36...
March 2018: IJC Heart & Vasculature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349257/the-tyranny-of-the-averages-and-the-indiscriminate-use-of-risk-factors-in-public-health-the-case-of-coronary-heart-disease
#4
Juan Merlo, Shai Mulinari, Maria Wemrell, S V Subramanian, Bo Hedblad
Modern medicine is overwhelmed by a plethora of both established risk factors and novel biomarkers for diseases. The majority of this information is expressed by probabilistic measures of association such as the odds ratio (OR) obtained by calculating differences in average "risk" between exposed and unexposed groups. However, recent research demonstrates that even ORs of considerable magnitude are insufficient for assessing the ability of risk factors or biomarkers to distinguish the individuals who will develop the disease from those who will not...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348420/gender-related-differences-in-heart-failure-with-preserved-ejection-fraction
#5
Franz Duca, Caroline Zotter-Tufaro, Andreas A Kammerlander, Stefan Aschauer, Christina Binder, Julia Mascherbauer, Diana Bonderman
Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) affects more women than men, suggesting gender to play a major role in disease evolution. However, studies investigating gender differences in HFpEF are limited. In the present study we aimed to describe gender differences in a well-characterized HFpEF cohort. Consecutive HFpEF patients underwent invasive hemodynamic assessment, cardiac magnetic resonance imaging and exercise testing. Study endpoints were: cardiac death, a combined endpoint of HF hospitalization or cardiac death and all-cause death...
January 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348194/health-care-costs-associated-with-incident-complications-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-in-germany
#6
Katharina Kähm, Michael Laxy, Udo Schneider, Wolf H Rogowski, Stefan K Lhachimi, Rolf Holle
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to provide reliable regression-based estimates of costs associated with different type 2 diabetes complications. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We used nationwide statutory health insurance (SHI) data from 316,220 patients with type 2 diabetes. Costs for inpatient and outpatient care, pharmaceuticals, rehabilitation, and nonmedical aids and appliances were assessed in the years 2013-2015. Quarterly observations are available for each year...
January 18, 2018: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347973/believability-of-messages-about-preventing-breast-cancer-and-heart-disease-through-physical-activity
#7
Tanya R Berry, Kelvin E Jones, Kerry S Courneya, Kerry R McGannon, Colleen M Norris, Wendy M Rodgers, John C Spence
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this research was to examine the relationships of self-reported physical activity to involvement with messages that discuss the prevention of heart disease and breast cancer through physical activity, the explicit believability of the messages, and agreement (or disagreement) with specific statements about the messages or disease beliefs in general. METHODS: A within subjects' design was used. Participants (N = 96) read either a breast cancer or heart disease message first, then completed a corresponding task that measured agreement or disagreement and confidence in the agreement or disagreement that 1) physical activity 'reduces risk/does not reduce risk' of breast cancer or heart disease, 2) that breast cancer or heart disease is a 'real/not real risk for me', 3) that women who get breast cancer or heart disease are 'like/not like me', and 4) that women who get breast cancer or heart disease are 'to blame/not to blame'...
January 18, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347932/epidemiology-of-arthritis-chronic-back-pain-gout-osteoporosis-spondyloarthropathies-and-rheumatoid-arthritis-among-1-5-million-patients-in-australian-general-practice-nps-medicinewise-medicineinsight-dataset
#8
David Alejandro González-Chica, Simon Vanlint, Elizabeth Hoon, Nigel Stocks
BACKGROUND: Previous estimates for the prevalence of musculoskeletal conditions (MSK) and chronic pain in Australia have been based on self-report. We aimed to determine the prevalence and distribution of arthritis, chronic back pain, gout, osteoporosis, spondyloarthropathies and rheumatoid arthritis and current consultations for chronic pain among adults attending Australian general practice, and describe their distribution according to sociodemographic characteristics and presence of co-morbidities...
January 18, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346474/examining-non-participation-to-the-maternal-follow-up-within-the-danish-national-birth-cohort
#9
Mette Bliddal, Zeyan Liew, Anton Pottegård, Helene Kirkegaard, Jørn Olsen, Ellen A Nohr
A follow-up questionnaire on maternal health has been distributed within the Danish National Birth Cohort (established 1996-2002) 14 years after the index birth. Answers were obtained for 41,466 of 78,010 (53.2%) eligible mothers. To ensure the appropriate use of these data, the possibility of selection bias due to non-participation must be evaluated. We estimated four selected exposure-outcome associations (pre-pregnancy weight - depression; exercise - degenerative musculoskeletal conditions; smoking - heart disease; and alcohol consumption - breast cancer)...
January 16, 2018: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346340/disparities-in-preconception-health-indicators-%C3%A2-behavioral-risk-factor-surveillance-system-2013-2015-and-pregnancy-risk-assessment-monitoring-system-2013-2014
#10
Cheryl Robbins, Sheree L Boulet, Isabel Morgan, Denise V D'Angelo, Lauren B Zapata, Brian Morrow, Andrea Sharma, Charlan D Kroelinger
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Preconception health is a broad term that encompasses the overall health of nonpregnant women during their reproductive years (defined here as aged 18-44 years). Improvement of both birth outcomes and the woman's health occurs when preconception health is optimized. Improving preconception health before and between pregnancies is critical for reducing maternal and infant mortality and pregnancy-related complications. The National Preconception Health and Health Care Initiative's Surveillance and Research work group suggests ten prioritized indicators that states can use to monitor programs or activities for improving the preconception health status of women of reproductive age...
January 19, 2018: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346062/television-viewing-time-physical-activity-and-mortality-among-african-americans
#11
Tasnim F Imran, Mark Ommerborn, Cheryl Clark, Adolfo Correa, Patricia Dubbert, J Michael Gaziano, Luc Djoussé
BACKGROUND: Prolonged television viewing time, a marker of sedentary activity, is independently associated with increased all-cause mortality; however, this association has rarely been studied in African Americans. The objective of our study was to examine the association between television viewing time and mortality among African Americans by using data from the Jackson Heart Study (JHS). METHODS: We studied 5,289 participants from the JHS study who reported television viewing time (h/day) in the JHS baseline questionnaire from 2000 through 2004...
January 18, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344402/young-asian-men-with-diabetes-have-the-highest-risk-for-acute-coronary-events-retrospective-cohort-analyses
#12
Ansu Basu, Nithya Sukumar, Robert Ej Ryder
Objective: To understand the ethnic differences in coronary heart disease risk among inpatients with diabetes following acute coronary syndrome. Design: Single-centre retrospective cohort-analysis of patients with type II diabetes over a six-year period receiving standard care. Setting: Birmingham, UK. Participants: One thousand and one hundred and five patients with type II diabetes from a multi-ethnic background. Main outcome measures: Odds ratios of coronary heart disease events among three ethnic groups...
January 2018: JRSM Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344380/sex-stratified-analysis-of-national-trends-and-outcomes-in-isolated-tricuspid-valve-surgery
#13
Pranav Chandrashekar, Erin Amanda Fender, Chad J Zack, Yogesh N V Reddy, Courtney E Bennett, Megha Prasad, Mohammed A Al-Hijji, John M Stulak, Virginia M Miller
Objective: Female sex is a known risk factor for cardiac surgery, and tricuspid valve (TV) disease is more common in women. There are few data on sex-stratified surgical outcomes for isolated TV surgery. An administrative database was used to compare acute in-hospital outcomes between men and women undergoing isolated TV surgery. Methods: Patients aged >18 who underwent TV repair or replacement from 2004 to 2013 were identified using the National Inpatient Sample...
2018: Open Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343929/yoga-offers-cardiovascular-protection-in-early-postmenopausal-women
#14
Sinha M Praveena, Gandhi Asha, Mondal Sunita, Jain Anju, Biswas Ratna
Context: Postmenopause, an estrogen deficient state comes with increased incidence of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). Yoga has been described as having a beneficial effect on heart rate variability (HRV), a marker for cardiac autonomic activity which can assess cardiovascular risk, in various populations. Aim: the aim of the study was to study the effect of 3-month long Yoga practice on HRV in early postmenopausal women. Settings and Design: A prospective longitudinal study of 67 women within 5 years of menopause between 45 and 60 years of age attending menopause clinic of Department of Gynaecology, Sucheta Kriplani Hospital fulfilling inclusion and exclusion criteria and consenting were enrolled for the study...
January 2018: International Journal of Yoga
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342240/presence-of-myocardial-damage-predicts-future-development-of-hypertension-in-a-normotensive-japanese-general-population-the-yamagata-takahata-study
#15
Yuki Honda, Tetsu Watanabe, Harutoshi Tamura, Satoshi Nishiyama, Hiroki Takahashi, Takanori Arimoto, Tetsuro Shishido, Takuya Miyamoto, Yoko Shibata, Tsuneo Konta, Takamasa Kayama, Isao Kubota
Background: A modest rise in blood pressure (BP) reportedly increases cardiovascular mortality despite not reaching obvious hypertension, suggesting that target organ damages are latently induced by slight BP rising. The goal of this study was to determine whether presence of subclinical myocardial damage can predict the future development of hypertension in the normotensive general population. Methods and results: The cohort study was conducted with subjects who participated in a community-based annual health check...
January 12, 2018: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340259/relationships-between-road-distance-to-primary-care-facilities-and-ischemic-heart-disease-and-stroke-mortality-in-hokkaido-japan-a-bayesian-hierarchical-approach-to-ecological-count-data
#16
Yasuaki Saijo, Eiji Yoshioka, Yasuyuki Kawanishi, Yoshihiko Nakagi, Sharon J B Hanley, Takahiko Yoshida
Objective: Poor access to a primary care physician may lead to poor control of risk factors for disease. This study investigated whether geographic access to a primary care physician was related to ischemic heart disease and stroke mortality. Methods: Road-distances from the centroids of the basic unit blocks of the 2010 Japanese Census to the nearest primary care facilities in Hokkaido, northern Japan, were measured using geographic information system (GIS) software...
January 2018: Journal of General and Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337985/increased-risk-of-ischemic-heart-disease-hypertension-and-type-2-diabetes-in-women-with-previous-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-a-target-group-in-general-practice-for-preventive-interventions-a-population-based-cohort-study
#17
Barbara Daly, Konstantinos A Toulis, Neil Thomas, Krishna Gokhale, James Martin, Jonathan Webber, Deepi Keerthy, Kate Jolly, Ponnusamy Saravanan, Krishnarajah Nirantharakumar
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with developing type 2 diabetes, but very few studies have examined its effect on developing cardiovascular disease. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study utilizing a large primary care database in the United Kingdom. From 1 February 1990 to 15 May 2016, 9,118 women diagnosed with GDM were identified and randomly matched with 37,281 control women by age and timing of pregnancy (up to 3 months)...
January 2018: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335884/effects-of-moderate-exercise-on-biochemical-morphological-and-physiological-parameters-of-the-pancreas-of-female-mice-with-estrogen-deprivation-and-dyslipidemia
#18
Aparecida Gabriela Bexiga Veloso, Nathalia Edviges Alves Lima, Elisabete de Marco Ornelas, Clever Gomes Cardoso, Mara Rubia Marques, Beatriz da Costa Aguiar Alves Reis, Fernando Luiz Affonso Fonseca, Laura Beatriz Mesiano Maifrino
Menopausal women are at high risk of developing heart disease. However, physical exercise practice can reverse this scenario. We evaluated the biochemical, morphological, and physiological effects of moderate aerobic physical exercise on the pancreas of knockout mice for LDL receptor with estrogen deprivation by ovariectomy. Animals were divided into six groups (n = 5): sedentary non-ovariectomized control; sedentary ovariectomized control; trained ovariectomized control; sedentary non-ovariectomized LDL-R knockout; sedentary ovariectomized LDL-R knockout; and trained ovariectomized LDL-R knockout...
January 15, 2018: Medical Molecular Morphology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335319/preterm-delivery-and-future-risk-of-maternal-cardiovascular-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Pensée Wu, Martha Gulati, Chun Shing Kwok, Chun Wai Wong, Aditya Narain, Shaughn O'Brien, Carolyn A Chew-Graham, Ganga Verma, Umesh T Kadam, Mamas A Mamas
BACKGROUND: Preterm delivery (<37 weeks gestational age) affects 11% of all pregnancies, but data are conflicting whether preterm birth is associated with long-term adverse maternal cardiovascular outcomes. We aimed to systematically evaluate and summarize the evidence on the relationship between preterm birth and future maternal risk of cardiovascular diseases. METHODS AND RESULTS: A systematic search of MEDLINE and EMBASE was performed to identify relevant studies that evaluated the association between preterm birth and future maternal risk of composite cardiovascular disease, coronary heart disease, stroke, and death caused by cardiovascular or coronary heart disease and stroke...
January 15, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335253/women-s-reproductive-factors-and-incident-cardiovascular-disease-in-the-uk-biobank
#20
Sanne Ae Peters, Mark Woodward
BACKGROUND: Studies have suggested that women's reproductive factors are associated with the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD); however, findings are mixed. We assessed the relationship between reproductive factors and incident CVD in the UK Biobank. METHODS: Between 2006 and 2010, the UK Biobank recruited over 500 000 participants aged 40-69 years across the UK. During 7 years of follow-up, 9054 incident cases of CVD (34% women), 5782 cases of coronary heart disease (CHD) (28% women), and 3489 cases of stroke (43% women) were recorded among 267 440 women and 215 088 men without a history of CVD at baseline...
January 15, 2018: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
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