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heart atack

Dina Myers Stroud, Tao Yang, Kevin Bersell, Dymtro O Kryshtal, Satomi Nagao, Christian Shaffer, Laura Short, Lynn Hall, Thomas C Atack, Wei Zhang, Bjorn C Knollmann, Franz Baudenbacher, Dan M Roden
BACKGROUND: Genome-wide association studies have implicated variants in SCN10A, which encodes Nav1.8, as modulators of cardiac conduction. Follow-up work has indicated the SCN10A sequence includes an intronic enhancer for SCN5A. Yet the role of the Nav1.8 protein in the myocardium itself is still unclear. To investigate this, we use homozygous knockout mice (Scn10a-/- ) generated by disruption of exons 4 and 5, leaving the Scn5a enhancer intact. METHODS AND RESULTS: We previously reported that pharmacologic blockade of Nav1...
November 2, 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
Tao Yang, Thomas C Atack, Dina Myers Stroud, Wei Zhang, Lynn Hall, Dan M Roden
RATIONALE: Although the sodium channel locus SCN10A has been implicated by genome-wide association studies as a modulator of cardiac electrophysiology, the role of its gene product Nav1.8 as a modulator of cardiac ion currents is unknown. OBJECTIVE: We determined the electrophysiological and pharmacological properties of Nav1.8 in heterologous cell systems and assessed the antiarrhythmic effect of Nav1.8 block on isolated mouse and rabbit ventricular cardiomyocytes...
July 20, 2012: Circulation Research
Hiroshi Watanabe, Tao Yang, Dina Myers Stroud, John S Lowe, Louise Harris, Thomas C Atack, Dao W Wang, Susan B Hipkens, Brenda Leake, Lynn Hall, Sabina Kupershmidt, Nagesh Chopra, Mark A Magnuson, Naohito Tanabe, Björn C Knollmann, Alfred L George, Dan M Roden
BACKGROUND: The D1275N SCN5A mutation has been associated with a range of unusual phenotypes, including conduction disease and dilated cardiomyopathy, as well as atrial and ventricular tachyarrhythmias. However, when D1275N is studied in heterologous expression systems, most studies show near-normal sodium channel function. Thus, the relationship of the variant to the clinical phenotypes remains uncertain. METHODS AND RESULTS: We identified D1275N in a patient with atrial flutter, atrial standstill, conduction disease, and sinus node dysfunction...
August 30, 2011: Circulation
J R Atack, S M Cook, A P Watt, C I Ragan
An anion-exchange HPLC mass assay was used to characterize Swiss-Webster mouse brain and peripheral tissue inositol(1)phosphate [Ins(1)P]levels. Ins(1)P was identified in all tissues studied but Ins(4)P could be identified only in brain, and then only as a part of a peak containing an additional, unidentified component. As a result, it was not possible to quantify Ins(4)P levels. Following a single subcutaneous dose of lithium (10 mmol/kg), brain Ins(1)P levels were maximally elevated after 6 h (corresponding to peak brain lithium concentrations) and were increased to levels 35- and 20-fold higher than in saline-treated animals in cholinergic agonist (pilocarpine)-stimulated and unstimulated animals, respectively...
November 1992: Journal of Neurochemistry
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