keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

inflammation bowel disease

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793168/olive-oil-polyphenols-reduce-oxysterols-induced-redox-imbalance-and-pro-inflammatory-response-in-intestinal-cells
#1
Gessica Serra, Alessandra Incani, Gabriele Serreli, Laura Porru, M Paola Melis, Carlo I G Tuberoso, Daniela Rossin, Fiorella Biasi, Monica Deiana
Dietary habits may strongly influence intestinal homeostasis. Oxysterols, the oxidized products of cholesterol present in cholesterol-containing foodstuffs, have been shown to exert pro-oxidant and pro-inflammatory effects, altering intestinal epithelial layer and thus contributing to the pathogenesis of human inflammatory bowel diseases and colon cancer. Extra virgin olive oil polyphenols possess antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, and concentrate in the intestinal lumen, where may help in preventing intestinal diseases...
May 16, 2018: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790793/increased-arterial-stiffness-similar-findings-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-without-prior-hypertension-or-diabetes-and-in-patients-with-well-controlled-hypertension
#2
Radovan Prijić, Vedran Premužić, Marko Brinar, Željko Krznarić, Bojan Jelaković, Silvija Čuković-Čavka
PURPOSE: Chronic inflammatory diseases are related with earlier onset of atherosclerosis. We hypothesized that inflammatory bowel disease patients with chronic, systemic inflammation have an increased arterial stiffness associated with the disease duration. Also, we wanted to compare arterial stiffness markers between inflammatory bowel disease and well-controlled hypertension patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 89 inflammatory bowel disease patients (60 patients with Crohn's disease and 29 patients with ulcerative colitis, age range 20-64 years) without history of arterial hypertension or diabetes were enrolled and age matched with a control group of patients (73 patients, age range 25-69 years, 41 (56...
May 23, 2018: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788271/the-innate-immune-system-in-the-gastrointestinal-tract-role-of-intraepithelial-lymphocytes-and-lamina-propria-innate-lymphoid-cells-in-intestinal-inflammation
#3
A Montalban-Arques, M Chaparro, Javier P Gisbert, D Bernardo
Background: The gastrointestinal tract harbors the largest microbiota load in the human body, hence maintaining a delicate balance between immunity against invading pathogens and tolerance toward commensal. Such immune equilibrium, or intestinal homeostasis, is conducted by a tight regulation and cooperation of the different branches of the immune system, including the innate and the adaptive immune system. However, several factors affect this delicate equilibrium, ultimately leading to gastrointestinal disorders including inflammatory bowel disease...
May 18, 2018: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788266/dietary-magnesium-alleviates-experimental-murine-colitis-through-upregulation-of-the-transient-receptor-potential-melastatin-6-channel
#4
Valentina Trapani, Valentina Petito, Angelica Di Agostini, Daniela Arduini, Willem Hamersma, Giuseppe Pietropaolo, Francesca Luongo, Vincenzo Arena, Egidio Stigliano, Loris R Lopetuso, Antonio Gasbarrini, Federica I Wolf, Franco Scaldaferri
Background: Magnesium (Mg) is essential for human health and is absorbed mainly in the intestine. In view of the likely occurrence of an Mg deficit in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and the documented role of Mg in modulating inflammation, the present study addresses whether Mg availability can affect the onset and progression of intestinal inflammation. Methods: To study the correlation between Mg status and disease activity, we measured magnesemia by atomic absorption spectroscopy in a cohort of IBD patients...
May 18, 2018: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788237/diagnostic-yield-of-next-generation-sequencing-in-very-early-onset-inflammatory-bowel-diseases-a-multicenter-study
#5
Fabienne Charbit-Henrion, Marianna Parlato, Sylvain Hanein, Rémi Duclaux-Loras, Jan Nowak, Bernadette Begue, Sabine Rakotobe, Julie Bruneau, Cécile Fourrage, Olivier Alibeu, Frédéric Rieux-Laucat, Eva Lévy, Marie-Claude Stolzenberg, Fabienne Mazerolles, Sylvain Latour, Christelle Lenoir, Alain Fischer, Capucine Picard, Marina Aloi, Jorge Amil Dias, Mongi Ben Hariz, Anne Bourrier, Christian Breuer, Anne Breton, Jiri Bronski, Stephan Buderus, Mara Cananzi, Stéphanie Coopman, Clara Crémilleux, Alain Dabadie, Clémentine Dumant-Forest, Odul Egritas Gurkan, Alexandre Fabre, Aude Fischer, Marta German Diaz, Yago Gonzalez-Lama, Olivier Goulet, Graziella Guariso, Neslihan Gurcan, Matjaz Homan, Jean-Pierre Hugot, Eric Jeziorski, Evi Karanika, Alain Lachaux, Peter Lewindon, Rosa Lima, Fernando Magro, Janos Major, Georgia Malamut, Emmanuel Mas, Istvan Mattyus, Luisa M Mearin, Jan Melek, Victor Manuel Navas-Lopez, Anders Paerregaard, Cecile Pelatan, Bénédicte Pigneur, Isabel Pinto Pais, Julie Rebeuh, Claudio Romano, Nadia Siala, Caterina Strisciuglio, Michela Tempia-Caliera, Patrick Tounian, Dan Turner, Vaidotas Urbonas, Stéphanie Willot, Frank M Ruemmele, Nadine Cerf-Bensussan
Background and Aims: An expanding number of monogenic defects have been identified as causative of severe forms of very early-onset inflammatory bowel diseases (VEO-IBD). The present study aimed at defining how next-generation sequencing (NGS) methods can be used to improve identification of known molecular diagnosis and adapt treatment. Methods: 207 children were recruited in 45 Paediatric centres through an international collaborative network (ESPGHAN GENIUS working group) with a clinical presentation of severe VEO-IBD (n=185) or an anamnesis suggestive of a monogenic disorder (n=22)...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788235/heart-under-attack-cardiac-manifestations-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#6
Natalie E Mitchell, Nicole Harrison, Zachary Junga, Manish Singla
There is a well-established association between chronic inflammation and an elevated risk of heart disease among patients with systemic autoimmune conditions. This review aims to summarize existing literature on the relationship between inflammatory bowel disease and ischemic heart disease, heart failure, arrhythmia, and pericarditis, with particular attention to approaches to management and treatment.
May 18, 2018: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788186/nanoparticle-based-oral-drug-delivery-systems-targeting-the-colon-for-treatment-of-ulcerative-colitis
#7
Mingzhen Zhang, Didier Merlin
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), including Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), is characterized by chronic relapsing inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract. Delivery of orally administered drugs to the colon is highly desirable for the treatment of UC, as it improves their efficacy while reducing systemic toxicity. However, the targeting of oral drugs to the colon, which is located at the distal end of the gastrointestinal tract, is difficult due to physiological challenges, biochemical barriers, and environmental barriers, including those associated with mucus and epithelium...
May 18, 2018: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788122/viewpoint-toward-the-genetic-architecture-of-disease-severity-in-inflammatory-bowel-diseases
#8
Claire Liefferinckx, Denis Franchimont
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is characterized by uneven disease courses with various clinical outcomes. A few prognostic markers of disease severity may help stratify patients and identify those who will benefit the most from early aggressive treatment. The concept of disease severity remains too broad and vague, mainly because the definition must embrace several disease mechanisms, mainly inflammation and fibrosis, with various rates of disease progression. The magnitude of inflammation is an obvious key driver of disease severity in IBD that ultimately influence disease behavior...
May 17, 2018: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788053/reversing-ongoing-chronic-intestinal-inflammation-and-fibrosis-by-sustained-block-of-il-12-and-il-23-using-a-vaccine-in-mice
#9
Qingdong Guan, Carolyn R Weiss, Shuhe Wang, Gefei Qing, Xi Yang, Richard J Warrington, Charles N Bernstein, Zhikang Peng
Interleukin (IL)-12 and IL-23 that share subunit p40 are important cytokines in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease. We reported that mouse p40 peptide-based vaccines ameliorated intestinal inflammation in the prevention of trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS)-induced murine colitis model. Here, we evaluated whether administration of the vaccine after establishment of colitis would be effective in modifying both TNBS-induced and dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced chronic colitis and the underlying immune mechanisms...
May 17, 2018: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785965/inflammatory-bowel-disease-increases-the-risk-of-parkinson-s-disease-a-danish-nationwide-cohort-study-1977-2014
#10
Marie Villumsen, Susana Aznar, Bente Pakkenberg, Tine Jess, Tomasz Brudek
OBJECTIVE: Intestinal inflammation has been suggested to play a role in development of Parkinson's disease (PD) and multiple system atrophy (MSA). To test the hypothesis that IBD is associated with risk of PD and MSA, we performed a nationwide population-based cohort study. DESIGN: The cohort consisted of all individuals diagnosed with IBD in Denmark during 1977-2014 (n=76 477) and non-IBD individuals from the general population, who were comparable in terms of gender, age and vital status (n=7 548 259)...
May 21, 2018: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785173/phytochemicals-that-influence-gut-microbiota-as-prophylactics-and-for-the-treatment-of-obesity-and-inflammatory-diseases
#11
REVIEW
Lucrecia Carrera-Quintanar, Rocío I López Roa, Saray Quintero-Fabián, Marina A Sánchez-Sánchez, Barbara Vizmanos, Daniel Ortuño-Sahagún
Gut microbiota (GM) plays several crucial roles in host physiology and influences several relevant functions. In more than one respect, it can be said that you "feed your microbiota and are fed by it." GM diversity is affected by diet and influences metabolic and immune functions of the host's physiology. Consequently, an imbalance of GM, or dysbiosis, may be the cause or at least may lead to the progression of various pathologies such as infectious diseases, gastrointestinal cancers, inflammatory bowel disease, and even obesity and diabetes...
2018: Mediators of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782025/injections-of-lipopolysaccharide-into-mice-to-mimic-entrance-of-microbial-derived-products-after-intestinal-barrier-breach
#12
Katarina Raduolovic, Rachel Mak'Anyengo, Berna Kaya, Anna Steinert, Jan Hendrik Niess
The intestinal epithelial barrier separates the host from the microbiota that is normally tolerated or ignored. The breach of this barrier results in the entrance of bacteria or bacteria-derived products into the host, accessing the host circulation and inner organs leading to the uncontrolled inflammation as observed in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), that are characterized by an increased intestinal epithelial permeability. To mimic the entrance of bacterial-derived compounds into the host, an endotoxemia model has been adopted in which lipopolysaccharide (LPS), a component of the outer cell wall of Gram-negative bacteria, were injected into mice...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780153/food-specific-iggs-are-highly-increased-in-the-sera-of-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-and-are-clinically-relevant-to-the-pathogenesis
#13
Nanping Xiao, Fenghua Liu, Guangxi Zhou, Mingming Sun, Fengfu Ai, Zhanju Liu
Objective Dietary antigens are common luminal antigens in the gastrointestinal tract and have been considered to contribute to the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). We analyzed the levels of food-specific IgGs against a variety of dietary antigens, explored the clinical relevance of food allergy to the pathogenesis of IBD, and investigated whether or not infliximab (IFX) treatment could regulate the immune responses induced by dietary antigens. Methods A total of 301 IBD patients, including 201 patients with Crohn's disease (CD) and 100 patients with ulcerative colitis (UC), were recruited, and their serum food-specific IgGs against 14 food antigens were detected by a semi-quantitative enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
May 18, 2018: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778465/roles-for-selenium-and-selenoprotein-p-in-the-development-progression-and-prevention-of-intestinal-disease
#14
REVIEW
Sarah P Short, Jennifer M Pilat, Christopher S Williams
Selenium (Se) is a micronutrient essential to human health, the function of which is mediated in part by incorporation into a class of proteins known as selenoproteins (SePs). As many SePs serve antioxidant functions, Se has long been postulated to protect against inflammation and cancer development in the gut by attenuating oxidative stress. Indeed, numerous studies over the years have correlated Se levels with incidence and severity of intestinal diseases such as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and colorectal cancer (CRC)...
May 17, 2018: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775592/dietary-and-microbial-oxazoles-induce-intestinal-inflammation-by-modulating-aryl-hydrocarbon-receptor-responses
#15
Shankar S Iyer, Thomas Gensollen, Amit Gandhi, Sungwhan F Oh, Joana F Neves, Frederic Collin, Richard Lavin, Carme Serra, Jonathan Glickman, Punyanganie S A de Silva, R Balfour Sartor, Gurdyal Besra, Russell Hauser, Anthony Maxwell, Amadeu Llebaria, Richard S Blumberg
Genome-wide association studies have identified risk loci associated with the development of inflammatory bowel disease, while epidemiological studies have emphasized that pathogenesis likely involves host interactions with environmental elements whose source and structure need to be defined. Here, we identify a class of compounds derived from dietary, microbial, and industrial sources that are characterized by the presence of a five-membered oxazole ring and induce CD1d-dependent intestinal inflammation. We observe that minimal oxazole structures modulate natural killer T cell-dependent inflammation by regulating lipid antigen presentation by CD1d on intestinal epithelial cells (IECs)...
May 17, 2018: Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775230/alcohol-enhances-symptoms-and-propensity-for-infection-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-patients-and-a-murine-model-of-dss-induced-colitis
#16
Abigail R Cannon, Paulius V Kuprys, Adrienne N Cobb, Xianzhong Ding, Anai N Kothari, Paul C Kuo, Joshua M Eberhardt, Adam M Hammer, Niya L Morris, Xiaoling Li, Mashkoor A Choudhry
Over 1.4 million Americans have been diagnosed with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and ulcerative colitis (UC) makes up approximately half of those diagnoses. As a disease, UC cycles between periods of remission and flare, which is characterized by intense abdominal pain, increased weight loss, intestinal inflammation, rectal bleeding, and dehydration. Interestingly, a widespread recommendation to IBD patients for avoidance of a flare period is "Don't Drink Alcohol" as recent work correlated alcohol consumption with increased GI symptoms in patients with IBD...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774226/metastatic-gastric-signet-ring-cell-carcinoma-mimicking-crohn-s-disease
#17
Michael W Winter, Amr Dokmak, Zachary Marnoy, Shweta Sinagare, Alexander N Levy
Signet-ring cell carcinoma (SRCC) is an adenocarcinoma characterized by mucin-producing cells and most commonly arises in the stomach. Colonic SRCC can share features of colitis, including long segments of concentric bowel wall thickening and ulcerated mucosa with regions of sparing. We describe a rare case of metastatic gastric SRCC mimicking Crohn's disease. Our patient underwent 2 colonoscopies, and biopsies revealed chronic active inflammation with no evidence of malignancy. The diagnosis of SRCC was only made after colectomy was performed for recurrent bowel obstruction...
2018: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774025/co-stimulation-impaired-bone-marrow-derived-dendritic-cells-prevent-dextran-sodium-sulfate-induced-colitis-in-mice
#18
Carl Engman, Yesica Garciafigueroa, Brett Eugene Phillips, Massimo Trucco, Nick Giannoukakis
Dendritic cells (DC) are important in the onset and severity of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Tolerogenic DC induce T-cells to become therapeutic Foxp3+ regulatory T-cells (Tregs). We therefore asked if experimental IBD could be prevented by administration of bone marrow-derived DC generated under conventional GM-CSF/IL-4 conditions but in the presence of a mixture of antisense DNA oligonucleotides targeting the primary transcripts of CD40, CD80, and CD86. These cell products (which we call AS-ODN BM-DC) have demonstrated tolerogenic activity in preventing type 1 diabetes and preserving beta cell mass in new-onset type 1 diabetes in the NOD mouse strain, in earlier studies...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767341/-spondyloarthritis
#19
REVIEW
U Syrbe, X Baraliakos
Spondyloarthritis (SpA) describes the group of inflammatory diseases characterized by inflammation within axial joints and/or peripheral arthritis, enthesitis, and dactylitis. Disease development is strongly determined by genes and particularly associated with the presence of HLA-B27. Transgenic expression in animal models leads to induction of a SpA-like disease, suggesting a direct effect of HLA-B27 on disease development. Genome-wide association studies in SpA patients have identified further associations between polymorphisms in genes with an immune function, in particular in genes controlling the interleukin (IL)-23/IL-17 signaling pathway...
May 16, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766731/-current-and-prospective-biologics-and-small-molecules-in-the-treatment-of-inflammatory-bowel-diseases
#20
Milan Buc
Crohns disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) belong to chronic inflammatory bowel diseases, which are induced by autoimmune processes. While CD is characterized by over-activity of Th1, ILC1, and MAIT cells, UC is mediated by exaggerated activities of Th2 and ILC2 cells and cytokines they produce. Knowledge of the pathogenesis enabled a rational therapy based mostly on biologics and small molecules. TNF is the principal proinflammatory cytokine in both diseases. Anti-TNF monoclonal antibodies, mostly infliximab or adalimumab were therefore introduced to their treatment...
2018: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
keyword
keyword
58036
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"