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Long-acting Reversible contraception

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231251/empirical-lessons-regarding-contraception-in-a-protracted-refugee-setting-a-descriptive-study-from-maela-camp-on-the-thai-myanmar-border-1996-2015
#1
Somjet Srikanok, Daniel M Parker, Amber L Parker, Tracey Lee, Aung Myat Min, Pranee Ontuwong, Saw Oo Tan, Supachai Sirinonthachai, Rose McGready
Conflict settings and refugee camps can be chaotic places, with large and rapid population movements, exacerbated public health problems, and ad hoc health services. Reproductive health care that includes family planning is of heightened importance in such settings, however, funding and resources tend to be constrained and geared towards acute health services such as trauma management and infectious disease containment. Here we report on the complexities and challenges of providing family planning in a post-emergency refugee setting, using the example of the largest refugee camp on the Thai-Myanmar border, in existence now for over 30 years...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215379/promoting-teen-contraceptive-use-by-intervention-with-their-mothers
#2
Richard A Crosby, Tom Collins, Lindsay R Stradtman
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this pilot study was to test a community outreach model designed to help mothers in a rural, medically underserved area navigate their teen daughters to health department services for long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) or alternative contraception. METHODS: The pilot study used a single-group, post-test only design. Mothers of teen daughters (N=142) received a 1-hour, one-to-one intervention session (in outreach settings) from Community Liaisons...
March 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193721/women-s-limited-choice-and-availability-of-modern-contraception-at-retail-outlets-and-public-sector-facilities-in-luanda-angola-2012-2015
#3
Benjamin Nieto-Andrade, Eva Fidel, Rebecca Simmons, Dana Sievers, Anya Fedorova, Suzanne Bell, Karen Weidert, Ndola Prata
In Angola, many women want to use family planning but lack access to affordable and preferred methods. This article assesses the link between women's choice and availability of contraceptive methods in Luanda, Angola, drawing on data from 3 surveys: a 2012 survey among women ages 15-49 and 2 retail surveys conducted in 2014 and 2015 among outlets and facilities offering contraceptive methods. Descriptive statistics for women's contraceptive knowledge, use, and preferred methods were stratified by age group...
February 13, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188772/two-year-continuation-of-intrauterine-devices-and-contraceptive-implants-in-a-mixed-payer-setting-a-retrospective-review
#4
Jessica N Sanders, David K Turok, Lori M Gawron, Amy Law, Lonnie Wen, Richard Lynen
BACKGROUND: As the popularity of long-acting reversible contraception increases, so does the need for accurate data on method continuation in diverse clinical settings. We determined two-year continuation rates for the levonorgestrel 52mg intrauterine device, the copper T380A intrauterine device, and the 68mg etonogestrel contraceptive implant in an academic healthcare system with mixed-payer reimbursement. OBJECTIVE(S): To examine the proportion and characteristics of women who continue IUD and implant use to two years and relate continuation to device type when controlling for patient characteristics...
February 8, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177530/intrauterine-contraception-insertion-pain-nursing-interventions-to-improve-patient-experience
#5
REVIEW
Carmel McCarthy
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine factors which contribute to the individual's experience of pain in relation to intrauterine contraception insertion and determine evidence based nursing strategies to best assess and manage this pain. BACKGROUND: Nurses are increasingly involved in consultations regarding intrauterine contraception. However, concerns regarding painful or difficult insertion may inhibit uptake and discourage nurses from promoting or inserting intrauterine contraception...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159123/who-uses-long-acting-reversible-contraception-profile-of-larc-users-in-the-cupid-cohort
#6
Jacqueline Coombe, Melissa L Harris, Deborah Loxton
OBJECTIVE: To explore the characteristics of long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) users in a nationally representative cohort of young Australian women aged 18-23. METHODS: Data from 3155 women who responded to a question about their contraceptive use in the previous six months at the baseline Contraceptive Use, Pregnancy Intention and Decisions (CUPID) survey were included. RESULTS: 726 (19.1%) women reported LARC use, with the Implanon being the most popular method (n = 478; 65...
March 2017: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146650/long-acting-reversible-contraception
#7
REVIEW
Kathryn M Curtis, Jeffrey F Peipert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137405/contraception-for-adolescents-with-chronic-rheumatic-diseases
#8
Benito Lourenço, Katia T Kozu, Gabriela N Leal, Marco F Silva, Elisabeth G C Fernandes, Camila M P França, Fernando H C Souza, Clovis A Silva
Contraception is an important issue and should be a matter of concern in every medical visit of adolescent and young patients with chronic rheumatic diseases. This narrative review discusses contraception methods in adolescents with juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus (JSLE), antiphospholipid syndrome (APS), juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) and juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM). Barrier methods are safe and their use should be encouraged for all adolescents with chronic rheumatic diseases. Combined oral contraceptives (COC) are strictly prohibited for JSLE and APS patients with positive antiphospholipid antibodies...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126542/contraceptive-knowledge-and-use-among-women-living-in-the-poorest-areas-of-five-mesoamerican-countries
#9
Diego Rios-Zertuche, Laura C Blanco, Paola Zúñiga-Brenes, Erin B Palmisano, Danny V Colombara, Ali H Mokdad, Emma Iriarte
OBJECTIVE: To identify factors associated with contraceptive use among women in need living in the poorest areas in five Mesoamerican countries: Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama and State of Chiapas (Mexico). STUDY DESIGN: We analyzed baseline data of 7049 women of childbearing age (15-49years old) collected for the Salud Mesoamérica Initiative. Data collection took place in the 20% poorest municipalities of each country (July, 2012-August, 2013). RESULTS: Women in the poorest areas were very poorly informed about family planning methods...
January 23, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121581/effect-of-removing-financial-barriers-on-use-of-long-acting-reversible-contraceptives
#10
Jack Mccain
Long-lasting reversible contraceptives (LARCs) are easy to use and effective. One reason the U.S. lags behind other developed countries in LARC use is that memories of the Dalkon Shield still linger from the 1970s, when a design defect in that IUD resulted in infections that led to infertility, ectopic pregnancies, and death.
August 2016: Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110980/female-sterilization-is-more-common-among-women-with-physical-and-or-sensory-disabilities-than-women-without-disabilities-in-the-united-states
#11
Justine P Wu, Michael M McKee, Kimberly S Mckee, Michelle A Meade, Melissa Plegue, Ananda Sen
BACKGROUND: Female sterilization accounts for 50% of all contraceptive use in the U.S. The extent to which U.S. women with physical and/or sensory disabilities have undergone female sterilization is unknown. OBJECTIVE: Our primary objective was to determine the prevalence of sterilization for women with physical/sensory disabilities, and compare this to the prevalence for women without disabilities. We also compared use of long-acting reversible contraceptive (LARC) methods between women with and without disabilities...
January 3, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088438/a-snapshot-of-urban-adolescent-women-s-contraceptive-knowledge-at-the-onset-of-a-community-larc-promotion-initiative
#12
K B Greenberg, S C Jenks, N G Piazza, B R Malibiran, C A Aligne
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To contextualize young women's knowledge and attitudes regarding contraception at the outset of an intervention promoting long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARC) for teen pregnancy prevention. DESIGN: and Setting: Our intervention is based on diffusion of innovation theory, and at the outset we were interested in likely early adopters' existing knowledge and attitudes towards contraception. This mixed methods study consists of focus groups within positive youth development programs in Rochester, New York; we discussed young women's knowledge and sources of information for all FDA-approved contraceptive methods...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069493/-just-wear-dark-underpants-mainly-learning-from-adolescents-and-young-adults-experiences-with-early-discontinuation-of-the-contraceptive-implant
#13
Britt Lunde, Lisa Littman, Samantha Stimmel, Rima Rana, Adam Jacobs, Carol R Horowitz
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Long-acting reversible contraception, including the contraceptive implant, is recommended for teens and young women. However, some young women discontinue the implant early, and we seek to better understand their experiences. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: We conducted interviews with 16 young women ages 14 to 24 who presented for removal of the contraceptive implant within 6 months after placement at outpatient adolescent, family medicine, and obstetrics and gynecology clinics...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063850/patient-education-about-the-affordable-care-act-contraceptive-coverage-requirement-increases-interest-in-using-long-acting-reversible-contraception
#14
Julia C Durante, Elisabeth J Woodhams
BACKGROUND: The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) requires health insurance to cover all Food and Drug Administration-approved contraceptives at no cost to patients, including highly effective long-acting reversible contraception (LARC). Our objective was to determine whether a brief educational intervention about these provisions would increase interest in LARC use. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional survey of women seeking contraceptive care in an urban outpatient obstetrics/gynecology clinic...
January 4, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041992/changes-in-body-composition-in-women-using-long-acting-reversible-contraception
#15
Priscilla de Nazaré Silva Dos Santos, Tessa Madden, Karen Omvig, Jeffrey F Peipert
OBJECTIVE: Users of hormonal long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) report weight gain as a side effect, but few studies have assessed body composition change among LARC users. We evaluated weight and body composition of healthy women using the levonorgestrel intrauterine system (LNG-IUS), copper intrauterine device (copper IUD) or etonogestrel implant (ENG implant). We hypothesized that weight gain and body composition over 12 months would not differ between copper IUD, LNG-IUS and ENG implant users...
December 30, 2016: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041927/achieving-higher-value-obstetrical-care
#16
REVIEW
Victoria G Woo, Tiffany Lundeen, Sierra Matula, Arnold Milstein
Obstetrical care in the United States is unnecessarily costly. Birth is one of the most common reasons for healthcare utilization in the US and one of the top expenditures for payers every year. However, compared to other Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries, the US spends substantially more money per birth without better outcomes. Our team at the Clinical Excellence Research Center, a center focused on improving value in healthcare, spent a year studying ways in which obstetrical care in the US can deliver better outcomes at a lower cost...
December 29, 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038902/long-acting-reversible-contraception-in%C3%A2-adolescents-a-systematic-review-and%C3%A2-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Justin T Diedrich, David A Klein, Jeffrey F Peipert
OBJECTIVE: We sought to perform a systematic review of the medical literature to assess the continuation of long-acting reversible contraceptives among adolescents. STUDY DESIGN: Ovid-MEDLINE, Cochrane databases, and Embase databases were searched using key words relevant to the provision of long-acting contraception to adolescents. Articles published from January 2002 through August 2016 were selected for inclusion based on specific key word searches and detailed review of bibliographies...
December 28, 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988268/unscheduled-vaginal-bleeding-with-progestin-only-contraceptive-use
#18
REVIEW
Rachel E Zigler, Colleen McNicholas
Nearly 20% of women using contraception are using progestin-only contraception, including progestin-only pills, depot-medroxyprogesterone acetate, subdermal etonogestrel implants, and levonorgestrel intrauterine devices. This number will continue to grow with the increased provision of long-acting reversible contraception. Although overall satisfaction among women using progestin-only contraception is high, dissatisfaction and discontinuation may be associated with unscheduled bleeding and spotting. The exact etiology of irregular bleeding associated with progestin-containing contraceptives is not completely understood, yet several mechanisms have been suggested...
December 14, 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932442/contraceptive-sales-in-the-setting-of-the-zika-virus-epidemic
#19
Luis Bahamondes, Moazzam Ali, Ilza Monteiro, Arlete Fernandes
STUDY QUESTION: Has there been any influence of the Zika virus (ZIKV) outbreak on the sales of contraceptive methods in Brazil? SUMMARY ANSWER: Contraceptive sales in the 24 months of evaluation showed little variation and no significant change has been observed since the ZIKV outbreak. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Transmission of ZIKV is primarily by Aedes aegypti mosquitoes; however, sexual transmission has also been described. The association of several birth defects and the ZIKV infection during pregnancy has been established, and it was estimated in Bahia, Brazil that the infection rate could range from 10% to 80%...
January 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926643/implementing-immediate-postpartum-long-acting-reversible-contraception-programs
#20
Lisa G Hofler, Sarah Cordes, Carrie A Cwiak, Peggy Goedken, Denise J Jamieson, Melissa Kottke
OBJECTIVE: To understand the most important steps required to implement immediate postpartum long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) programs in different Georgia hospitals and the barriers to implementing such a program. METHODS: This was a qualitative study. We interviewed 32 key personnel from 10 Georgia hospitals working to establish immediate postpartum LARC programs. Data were analyzed using directed qualitative content analysis principles. We used the Stages of Implementation to organize participant-identified key steps for immediate postpartum LARC into an implementation guide...
January 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
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