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Long-acting Reversible contraception

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036771/oral-hormonal-contraception-in-special-circumstances
#1
Patricia Moore, Catherine Streeton
BACKGROUND: Despite the general consensus that long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs) are the most appropriate choice of contraception for most women, there are special circumstances when the contraceptive and non-contraceptive needs of the patient are met by oral methods. OBJECTIVE: By using case histories, we seek to demonstrate the medical and practical complexities in managing contraceptive needs that may result in oral contraception being the most appropriate choice...
October 2017: Australian Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036768/larcs-as-first-line-contraception-what-can-general-practitioners-advise-young-women
#2
Meredith Temple-Smith, Lena Sanci
BACKGROUND: The use of long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs) is globally accepted as a strategy that is successful in decreasing rates of unintended pregnancy, especially in very young women. Currently, Australia has very low uptake rates of LARC. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to explore the latest information on using LARCs as first-line contraception in young women. DISCUSSION: Low uptake of LARCs may be related to Australia's prevailing cultural norm of oral contraception, and practitioner and patient misperceptions of the safety and efficacy of LARC, which have been dispelled in recent years...
October 2017: Australian Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032945/contraception-options-aspects-unique-to%C3%A2-adolescent-and-young-adult
#3
REVIEW
Dan Apter
Sexual health for adolescents is based on three components: recognizing sexual rights, sexuality education and counseling, and thirdly confidential high quality services. Contraception needs to include prevention of both STIs and pregnancies. The first option for adolescents is condoms backed-up by emergency contraception; and later hormonal contraceptives in a longer, mutually monogamous relationship. Condoms and hormonal contraception together can be well recommended for adolescents for dual protection. Long acting reversible contraception (LARC) including both intrauterine contraception and implants are safe and highly effective and thus well suited for adolescents...
September 28, 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031814/condom-use-in-adolescents-and-young-women-following-initiation-of-long-or-short-acting-contraceptive-methods
#4
Brittney Bastow, Jeanelle Sheeder, Maryam Guiahi, Stephanie Teal
OBJECTIVE: To determine if young women initiating long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARC) who report new sexual partner(s) would be less likely to report use of a condom than women using SARC methods. STUDY DESIGN: We enrolled a prospective cohort of 13-24year old women attending an adolescent-specific contraception clinic. Participants completed questionnaires at the contraceptive initiation visit, and 6months later. At follow-up, we asked if they had sexual intercourse with a new partner, if they had used condoms, if their condom use patterns had changed, and why...
October 12, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024764/-it-s-pretty-hard-to-tell-your-mom-and-dad-that-you-re-on-a-method-exploring-how-an-app-could-promote-adolescents-communication-with-parents-and-partners-to-increase-self-efficacy-in-long-acting-reversible-contraception-use
#5
Emily B Shakibnia, Sarah E Timmons, Melanie A Gold, Samantha Garbers
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Youth-friendly information and support are integral components to promote adolescents' successful use of Long Acting Reversible Contraception (LARC), and smartphone apps offer a promising medium. To inform content development for an app guided by the Health Belief Model, we conducted interviews with adolescent LARC users to assess self-efficacy and experiences with LARC, their communication with parents and partners about LARC, and how apps could support this communication...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017990/healthy-beyond-pregnancy-a-web-based-intervention-to-improve-adherence-to-postpartum-care-randomized-controlled-feasibility-trial
#6
Katherine Park Himes, Heidi Donovan, Stephanie Wang, Carrie Weaver, Jillian Rae Grove, Francesca Lucia Facco
BACKGROUND: During the postpartum visit, health care providers address issues with short- and long-term implications for maternal and child health. Women with Medicaid insurance are less likely to return for a postpartum visit compared with women with private insurance. Behavioral economics acknowledges that people do not make exclusively rational choices, rather immediate gratification, cognitive and psychological biases, and social norms influence decision making. Drawing on insights from decision science, behavioral economists have examined how these biases can be modulated through carefully designed interventions...
October 10, 2017: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016515/performance-measures-for-contraceptive-care-a-new-tool-to-enhance-access-to-contraception
#7
Michelle H Moniz, Loretta E Gavin, Vanessa K Dalton
Contraception is an essential health service for reducing unintended pregnancy rates, improving health outcomes, and reducing health care costs. However, contraceptive services may not consistently provide access to the full method mix and to patient-centered care. Improving the quality of contraceptive care is a critical strategy to improve contraceptive use, health outcomes, and the patient experience of care. We here describe the three National Quality Forum-endorsed performance measures for contraceptive care, which are intended to monitor 1) provision of most and moderately effective methods, 2) access to long-acting reversible contraception, and 3) provision of most and moderately effective methods and access to long-acting reversible contraception after childbirth...
October 6, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991943/are-oral-emergency-contraceptives-a-safe-and-effective-form-of-long-term-birth-control
#8
Connie Kraus, Christopher Hooper-Lane
Yes, but not as effective as some other methods. Annual pregnancy rates in women using pericoital levonorgestrel 150 mcg to 1 mg range from 4.9% to 8.9%; menstrual irregularity is the most common adverse effect (strength of recommendation [SOR]: B, Cochrane review of lower-quality trials). In women younger than 35 years who have sexual intercourse 6 or fewer times per month, correct and consistent use of pericoital levonorgestrel 1.5 mg results in an annual pregnancy rate of 11% (SOR: B, one large prospective, open-label trial)...
October 2017: Journal of Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988524/safety-of-hormonal-contraception-for-obese-women
#9
Ana Luiza L Rocha, Rayana R Campos, Marina M S Miranda, Laio B P Raspante, Márcia M Carneiro, Carolina S Vieira, Fernando M Reis
Obese women have special safety requirements for contraceptive choice, but the evidence supporting such decision is dispersed and sometimes conflicting. Despite being effective, well tolerated and safe for most women, hormonal contraceptives are underused by obese women due to fear of contraceptive failure, weight gain and venous thrombosis. Areas covered: We performed a comprehensive literature search to identify studies about hormonal contraception in overweight and obese women, including safety concerns...
October 11, 2017: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976797/temporal-trends-in-the-uptake-and-continuation-of-the-etonogestrel-implant-in-a-large-private-practice-setting
#10
David L Howard, Avery Ford, Sonia Ceballos, K Warren Volker
OBJECTIVE: To assess temporal trends in the uptake and continuation of the etonogestrel subdermal implant in a large private practice setting. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study based on billing records from a large multispecialty private practice in Las Vegas, Nevada. We looked at women of all ages seeking long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) between January 1, 2013, and December 31, 2016. The main outcome measure was uptake of the etonogestrel subdermal implant, expressed as a fraction of all insertions of LARC across four calendar years (2013-2016)...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974209/using-automated-voice-messages-linked-to-telephone-counselling-to-increase-post-menstrual-regulation-contraceptive-uptake-and-continuation-in-bangladesh-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
Kate Reiss, Kathryn Andersen, Sharmani Barnard, Thoai D Ngo, Kamal Biswas, Christopher Smith, James Carpenter, Kathryn Church, Sadid Nuremowla, Erin Pearson
BACKGROUND: Adoption of modern contraceptive methods after menstrual regulation (MR) is thought to reduce subsequent unwanted pregnancy and abortion. Long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs) are highly effective at reducing unintended pregnancy, but uptake in Bangladesh is low. Providing information on the most effective methods of contraception increases uptake of more effective methods. This protocol describes a randomised controlled trial of an intervention delivered by mobile phone designed to support post-MR contraceptive use in Bangladesh...
October 3, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974208/using-contraceptives-to-delay-first-birth-a-qualitative-study-of-individual-community-and-health-provider-perceptions-in-southern-tanzania
#12
Yovitha Sedekia, Caroline Jones, Rose Nathan, Joanna Schellenberg, Tanya Marchant
BACKGROUND: Young adolescents and unmarried women in low and middle income countries face challenges in accessing family planning services. One factor likely to limit contraceptive use is the attitude and opinion of local stakeholders such as community leaders and health workers. Much of the existing evidence on this topic focuses on women who have already started childbearing. Using primary qualitative data, we explored individual, community and health provider's perceptions about using modern contraceptives to delay the first birth in a high fertility setting...
October 3, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968620/counseling-women-on-long-acting-reversible-contraceptive-larc-use-while-maintaining-reproductive-justice
#13
Christy Gandhi, Neesha Nama, Nicole A Negbenebor, Norin Ansari, Elizabeth Motta
[Full article available at http://rimed.org/rimedicaljournal-2017-10.asp].
October 2, 2017: Rhode Island Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963175/increasing-contraceptive-access-for-hard-to-reach-populations-with-vouchers-and-social-franchising-in-uganda
#14
Benjamin Bellows, Anna Mackay, Antonia Dingle, Richard Tuyiragize, William Nnyombi, Aisha Dasgupta
From 2001 to 2011, modern contraceptive prevalence in Uganda increased from 18% to 26%. However, modern method use, in particular use of long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs) and permanent methods (PMs), remained low. In the 2011 Uganda Demographic and Health Survey, only 1 of 5 married women used a LARC or PM even though 34% indicated an unmet need for contraception. Between 2011 and 2014, a social franchise and family planning voucher program, supporting 400 private facilities to provide family planning counseling and broaden contraceptive choice by adding LARCs and PMs to the service mix, offered a voucher to enable poor women to access family planning services at franchised facilities...
September 27, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959447/contraceptive-counseling-among-pediatric-primary-care-providers-in-western-pennsylvania-a-survey-based-study
#15
Beth Ann Papas, Nader Shaikh, Katherine Watson, Gina S Sucato
OBJECTIVES: Data suggest that adolescents in the United States receive inadequate contraceptive counseling. This study sought to determine factors affecting pediatricians' discussion of contraception with adolescent patients, with a specific focus on long-acting reversible contraception-implantable contraception and intrauterine devices. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was sent via email to a convenience sample of pediatric residents and pediatric primary care providers in Western Pennsylvania...
2017: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958839/use-of-contraception-among-us-women-reporting-postpartum-depressive-symptoms-pregnancy-risk-assessment-monitoring-system-2009-2011
#16
Megan E Lawley, Lisa Haddad, Kim Burley, Sherry L Farr
OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the prevalence of postpartum contraceptive use among women with postpartum depressive symptoms (PDS) and examine the association between PDS and contraceptive method. STUDY DESIGN: We evaluated data from 16,357 postpartum women participating in the 2009-2011 Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System. PDS was defined as an additive score of ≥10 for three questions on depression, hopelessness, and feeling physically slowed. Contraceptive use was categorized as permanent, long-acting reversible contraception (LARC), user-dependent hormonal, and user-dependent non-hormonal...
September 25, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954752/laparoscopic-removal-of-migrated-intrauterine-device
#17
Ariel P Santos, Cate Wetzel, Zia Siddiqui, David Shane Harper
Intrauterine device (IUD) is a popular long-acting reversible contraceptive device with an estimated rate of use of about 5.3%. It is highly effective but not without complications, one of which is uterine perforation. The patient was a 32-year-old female who presented with nausea, vomiting and right upper quadrant abdominal pain that was tender on palpation. CT scan was performed and they found signs of acute calculous cholecystitis with incidental finding of a migrated IUD in the left lateral mid-abdomen within the peritoneal cavity...
September 27, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954560/uterine-artery-doppler-among-hormonal-long-acting-reversible-contraceptive-method-users-statistical-concerns
#18
Ahmed M Abbas, Mansour A Khalifa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 28, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953291/family-physicians-and-provision-of-immediate-postpartum-contraception-a-cera-study
#19
Michelle H Moniz, Anna K McEvoy, Michelle Hofmeister, Missy Plegue, Tammy Chang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) support the provision of intrauterine devices (IUDs) and the contraceptive implant to women immediately after childbirth. We aimed to assess perceived training needs and barriers to immediate postpartum contraceptive service delivery among US family physicians. METHODS: We contributed items regarding postpartum contraception to the 2015 Council of Academic Family Medicine Educational Research Alliance (CERA) omnibus survey of a national cohort of family medicine educators...
September 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950913/provider-and-lay-perspectives-on-intra-uterine-contraception-a-global-review
#20
REVIEW
Marina A S Daniele, John Cleland, Lenka Benova, Moazzam Ali
BACKGROUND: Intra-uterine contraception (IUC) involves the use of an intra-uterine device (IUD), a highly effective, long-acting, reversible contraceptive method. Historically, the popularity of IUC has waxed and waned across different world regions, due to policy choices and shifts in public opinion. However, despite its advantages and cost-effectiveness for programmes, IUC's contribution to contraceptive prevalence is currently negligible in many countries. This paper presents the results of a systematic review of the global literature on provider and lay perspectives on IUC...
September 26, 2017: Reproductive Health
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