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Xiangdong Ma, Xilin Han, Tao Liu, Changhua Kou
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate different methods to explose recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) based on the location of thyroid diseses and anatomic path of the RLN, to avoid the RLN damage in thyroid surgery. METHODS: A total of 755 cases underwent total lobectomy was studied retrospectively. RLN was explosed in each case. RESULTS: A total of 963 RLN was exposed in 755 cases, among those 658 RLN were exposed by lateral approach, 106 by inferior approach, and 199 by superior approach...
October 2014: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
Scott Snyder, Robert E Listecki
Effective thyroid replacement therapy may be elusive to some patients, and compounding pharmacists have an opportunity to deliver more effective therapy. Goodman & Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics 12th edition states that the body usually secretes T4:T3 in an 11:1 ratio but cautions against pursuing combined thyroid replacement due to the short halflife of T3 that necessitates multiple daily dosing; no commercial availability and lack of benefit were shown in trials. Commercial combinations of T4/T3 such as Armour Thyroid and Nature-Throid have a 4...
September 2012: International Journal of Pharmaceutical Compounding
Ling-ling Yu, Ru-peng Liu, Xin-yan Gao, Kun Liu, Liang Li, Hui Ben, Pei-jing Rong
Chronic stress often results in neurochemical changes in the central nervous system and may lead to the onset of depression. These neurochemical changes refer to alterations of activities of neurotransmitters, neuromediators, hormones and neuronal plasticity, etc. The underlying mechanism of acupuncture in the antidepressant effect is related to its regulatory effect on the neurochemical imbalance. In the present review, the authors summarize the progress of experimental researches on acupuncture treatment of depression from (1) monoamines neurotransmitters and their receptors, (2) gamma-aminobutyric acid and glutamate, (3) neuropeptide Y, (4) hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis and hypothalamus-pituitary-throid axis activities, and (5) brain-derived neurotrophic factor...
October 2011: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
Yu-ling Gong, Yan-bo Zhang, Chang Han, Ying-yong Jiang, Yuan Li, Shi-chang Chen, Zeng-yu Liu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the therapeutic effect of wooden needle on the patients with insomnia. METHODS: One hundred and twenty patients with insomnia were randomly divided into a wooden needle group and a western medicine group, 60 cases in each group. In the wooden needle group, the patients were treated with wooden needle to press the plantar reflex areas, such as cerebellar, throid and cerebral areas. In the western medicine group, Alprazolam was taken orally...
November 2009: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
Ertan Bulbuloglu, Harun Ciralik, Erdogan Okur, Gokhan Ozdemir, Fikret Ezberci, Ali Cetinkaya
OBJECTIVE: Thyroid tuberculosis (TTB) is a very rare condition, even in countries with a high prevalence of tuberculosis. The aim of this article is to review and retrieve data about thyroid tuberculosis from the English-language literature in order to gain a better understanding of the clinical characteristics of TTB. STUDY DESIGN: We performed Medline, PubMed, and library searches using the key words "thyroid tuberculosis," "throid disease," "tuberculosis and thyroid...
February 2006: World Journal of Surgery
Leandro Arthur Diehl, Valdinei Garcia, Steen J Bonnema, Laszlo Hegedüs, Claudio Cordeiro Albino, Hans Graf
To assess diagnostic and therapeutic approaches to nontoxic multinodular goiter and to compare them with previously reported American Thyroid Association (ATA) and European Thyroid Association (ETA) surveys, an online questionnaire was distributed to Latin American Thyroid Society (LATS) members. An index case was presented (42-yr-old woman with an enlarged, irregular, nontender, 50- to 80-g thyroid and no clinical suspicion of malignancy or dysfunction), and 11 variations were proposed to evaluate how each alteration would affect management...
January 2005: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1961: Jibi Inkōka Otolaryngology
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1960: Endocrinology
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1963: Revista Médica de Chile
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1963: Polski Przegla̜d Radiologii i Medycyny Nuklearnej
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1962: Journal of Endocrinology
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1962: Ergebnisse der Inneren Medizin und Kinderheilkunde
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 8, 1960: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
T Gao, W Teng, Z Shan
OBJECTIVE: To understand the throid function and intelligence among the schoolchildren in three rural areas with different iodine intakes in China to probe the side-effect of excessive iodine intake on intelligence of schoolchildren. METHODS: Chinese version of Raven's test was made among rural schoolchildren, 190 from Panshan County, Liaoning Province, a low iodine intake area with the median urinary iodine (MUI) of 99 microgram/L among its inhabitants, 236 from Zhangwu County, Liaoning Province, a moderate iodine intake area with the MUI of 338 microgram/L, and 313 from Huanghua County, Hebei Province, an excessive iodine intake area with the MUI of 631 microgram/L...
April 25, 2001: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Y Yuan, T He, H Zhang, Y Luo, J Zeng, H Tian
To investigate the effect of hyperthyroidism on respiratory muscle function and its possible mechanism, the thyroid function, serum enzymology, serum potassium, pulmonary function and respiratory muscle function were examined in 60 patients with Grave's disease before treatment and 26 patients among them after treatment, and 20 normal subjects as control. T3, T4, and FT4 increased while FVC and PImax, which reflect the respiratory muscle strength, and Pi/PImax, which reflects the reserve capacity of inspiratory muscle, decreased significantly in the 60 patients with Grave's disease, compared with the ones of normal subjects...
June 1998: Hua Xi Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of West China University of Medical Sciences, Huaxi Yike Daxue Xuebao
G Li, Z Wang, T Wang
To understand the number and morphology of the mast cells of throid tumours stroma, the mast cells (MCs) of 62 cases of thyroid tumour stroma were studied histochemically and electron microscopically. The number of MCs was increased significantly in thyroid tumour as compared with that in normal tissues. The number of MCs between thyroid cancer and thyroid adenoma was of no difference. When stained with Alcian Blue-Safranin, MCs in the stroma of normal thyroid were blue whereas in the stroma of thyroid tumour both blue and red mast cells could be found...
1996: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Ke za Zhi
A Murat
Persistent hypercalcitoninemia represents a frequent situation particularly in case of inadequate surgery of medullary throid carcinoma (MTC). This event conducts to a surgical re-exploration after excluding the presence of distant metastases. After adequate initial surgical treatment the localisation of the residual or recurrent tumor tissue is often difficult with conventional imaging techniques. Immunoscintigraphy and selective venous sampling for calcitonin measurements have a good diagnostic sensitivity for cervical or mediastinal localisations and also for distant metastases...
1996: Annales D'endocrinologie
O Ogbuawa, R Johnson
A 32-year-old woman first had thyrotoxicosis and severe pernicious anemia (PA) in 1975. The initial serum thyroxine (T4) level, 14.5 microgram/dL, rose to 29.2 microgram/dL, with no other therapy except cyanocobalamin injection and blood tranfusions. She again had thyroid storm and PA in 1978. The serum T4 level was only slightly elevated, but the triiodothyronine (T3) level was normal. She received therapy for both diseases and recovered. Four months later, with a normal hematocrit reading, thyrotoxicosis recurred, with noticeable elevation of T4 and T3...
September 1980: Archives of Internal Medicine
U Feldt-Rasmussen, P H Petersen, J Date, C M Madsen
The changes in serum concentrations of thyroglobulin antibodies (TgAb) were investigated in eight patients with various thyroid disorders before, during and after thyroid surgery. TgAb was measured by a radioassay using 125I-thyroglobulin. In six patients the TgAb decreased rapidly during operation. Of these patients four had low concentrations pre-operatively, and the decrease in TgAb resulted in undetectable concentrations for more than 2 days, Serum thyroglobulin (Tg), measured in the specimens with undetectable TgAb, i...
January 1980: Clinical Endocrinology
J Van Sande, J Mockel, J M Boeynaems, P Dor, G Andry, J E Dumont
We have investigated the regulation of the human throid gland based on controls discovered in the dog thyroid gland. TSH and thyroid-stimulating immunoglobulin enhanced cAMP accumulation, which supports the validity of the Sutherland model for the action of TSH on the human thyroid. Iodide inhibited TSH- and thyroid-stimulating immunoglobulin-activated cAMP accumulation and this effect was reduced by methimazole, showing that, in this tissue, iodide, through an oxidized derivative, depresses the TSH-cAMP system...
April 1980: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
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