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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636279/effects-of-in-ovo-injection-of-chrysin-quercetin-and-ascorbic-acid-on-hatchability-somatic-attributes-hepatic-oxidative-status-and-early-post-hatch-performance-of-broiler-chicks
#1
F Khaligh, A Hassanabadi, H Nassiri-Moghaddam, A Golian, G-A Kalidari
An experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of in ovo injection of chrysin, quercetin and ascorbic acid on hatchability, somatic attributes, hepatic antioxidant status and early post-hatch growth performance of broiler chicks. Four hundred and eighty embryonated broiler breeder eggs containing live 18-day-old embryos were divided into six groups of 80 eggs each. One group remained intact and served as a control group (i), whereas the other five groups were injected with the prepared injection solutions as follows: (ii) 0...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636245/weight-gain-in-the-first-week-of-life-predicts-overweight-at-2%C3%A2-years-a-prospective-cohort-study
#2
Lori Feldman-Winter, Laura Burnham, Xena Grossman, Stephanie Matlak, Ning Chen, Anne Merewood
In formula-fed infants, rapid weight gain during the first week of life is associated with later obesity. To examine the association between weight gain during the first week and overweight at age 2 among infants with various feeding practices and the relationship between exclusive breastfeeding in early infancy and overweight, we enrolled a prospective cohort of healthy mother-infant dyads and followed them for 2 years. We enrolled 450 mother/infant pairs and obtained information on 306 infants at year 2...
June 21, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633690/early-solid-additional-feeding-of-suckling-rabbits-from-3-to-15-days-of-age
#3
L Kacsala, Zs Szendrő, Zs Gerencsér, I Radnai, M Kovács, R Kasza, I Nagy, M Odermatt, T Atkári, Zs Matics
Studies have shown that nutrient requirement of suckling kits is not satisfied, but they can be fed a double quantity of milk (double nursing) resulting in improved BW and weight gain. The aim of our trials was to give additional solid feed during the early suckling period (3 to 15 days of age) when rabbit kits drink exclusively milk. Two experiments were conducted with animals from Pannon Rabbit Breeding Program. In experiment 1 (n=77 does, 734 kits) the does received commercial feed (C) or C pellet supplemented with 0...
June 21, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633029/evolution-hearing-and-feeding-in-fossil-whales
#4
Jonathan H Geisler
The evolution of whales marks one of the major transitions in the history of mammals. Two new studies provide key insights into the evolution of hearing specializations and feeding strategies in early whales.
June 19, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631283/assessing-causal-effects-of-early-life-course-factors-on-early-childhood-caries-in-5-year-old-ugandan-children-using-directed-acyclic-graphs-dags-a-prospective-cohort-study
#5
Nancy Birungi, Lars T Fadnes, Arabat Kasangaki, Victoria Nankabirwa, Isaac Okullo, Stein A Lie, James K Tumwine, Anne N Åstrøm
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the effect of distal and proximal early life-course factors on early childhood caries (ECC) in 5-year-old Ugandan children, particularly focusing on the causal effect of exclusive breast feeding (EBF) on ECC using directed acyclic graphs (DAGs) for confounder selection. METHODS: This study had a nested prospective cohort design, focusing on 5 years of follow-ups of caregiver-children pairs from the PROMISE-EBF trial (ClinicalTrials.gov no: NCT00397150) conducted in 2011 in Eastern Uganda...
June 20, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630821/evaluation-of-practice-trials-to-increase-self-drinking-in-a-child-with-a-feeding-disorder
#6
Kathryn M Peterson, Valerie M Volkert, Suzanne M Milnes
Self-drinking is an important skill for children to acquire as they transition from infancy to early childhood; however, the literature is limited (e.g., Collins, Gast, Wolery, Holcombe, & Leatherby, 1991; Peterson, Volkert, & Zeleny, 2015). We manipulated the consequences associated with self-drinking relative to those associated with being fed along the dimension of response effort. Results demonstrated that self-drinking increased when the child could either choose to self-feed one drink or be fed one drink and 5 practice trials with an empty cup...
June 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630642/infant-and-young-child-feeding-practice-among-mothers-with-0-24%C3%A2-months-old-children-in-slum-areas-of-bahir-dar-city-ethiopia
#7
Yeshalem Mulugeta Demilew, Tadese Ejigu Tafere, Dereje Berhanu Abitew
BACKGROUND: Adequate nutrition during infancy and early childhood is essential to ensure the health, growth and development of children. However, infant feeding practice is suboptimal in Bahir Dar City, Ethiopia. The slum area is a heavily populated urban informal settlement characterized by substandard housing, squalor, with a lack of reliable sanitation services, supply of clean water, reliable electricity, law enforcement and other basic services. Residents of the slum area were poor and less educated...
2017: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629631/probenecid-treatment-reduces-demyelination-induced-by-cuprizone-feeding
#8
Nadine Hainz, Philipp Becker, Daniel Rapp, Stefan Wagenpfeil, Bodo Wonnenberg, Christoph Beisswenger, Thomas Tschernig, Carola Meier
Recent experiments showed that a pannexin-1 inhibitor, probenecid, reduced clinical symptoms in the murine experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis when applied during the initial phase of neuronal inflammation. An inflammatory component is also present in a toxically induced inflammation and demyelination using cuprizone diet. Probenecid is a pannexin-1 antagonist and a probenecid therapy was investigated. Mice were fed for 10days with a cuprizone diet. In the following, the diet was continued but combined with a daily injection of a low dose of probenecid or solvent for 10days...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629418/prenatal-brain-disruption-in-isolated-sulfite-oxidase-deficiency
#9
Hsiu-Fen Lee, Ching-Shiang Chi, Chi-Ren Tsai, Hung-Chieh Chen, I-Chun Lee
BACKGROUND: Isolated sulfite oxidase deficiency (ISOD) is a very rare autosomal recessive inherited neurometabolic disease. The most striking postnatal neuroimaging finding is multicystic encephalomalacia, which occurs rapidly within days to weeks after birth and mimics severe hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. The aim of this study was to describe the prenatal neuroimaging features in a neonate and a fetus diagnosed with ISOD. RESULTS: We report an 11-day-old female neonate who presented with feeding difficulties, decreased activity, neonatal seizures, and movement disorders within a few days after birth...
June 19, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629410/he-s-just-content-to-sit-a-qualitative-study-of-mothers-perceptions-of-infant-obesity-and-physical-activity
#10
Danae Dinkel, Kailey Snyder, Anastasia Kyvelidou, Victoria Molfese
BACKGROUND: Rates of obesity among children ages zero to five are rapidly increasing. Greater efforts are needed to promote healthy behaviors of young children. Mothers are especially important targets for promoting health as mothers' views play a vital role in helping their children foster healthy habits from an early age. Research has found parents' views of infants' weight may influence their feeding practices; however, limited research has explored mothers' view of infants' weight in relation to the promotion of physical activity...
June 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627316/associations-between-management-practices-and-colostrum-quality-on-new-zealand-dairy-farms
#11
K S Denholm, J C Hunnam, E L Cuttance, S McDougall
AIMS: To describe colostrum quality in spring-calving dairy herds in New Zealand, in terms of Brix, pH and total and coliform bacterial counts and to investigate associations between farm management practices and these measures of colostrum quality. METHODS: In June 2015, commercial dairy farms (n=105), located in North and South Islands of New Zealand, were visited shortly after the first cows had calved, and when approximately 50% and 80% of the herd had calved (early, middle and late visits)...
June 18, 2017: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627126/consumption-of-obesogenic-foods-in-non-hispanic-black-mother-infant-dyads
#12
Melissa C Kay, Heather Wasser, Linda S Adair, Amanda L Thompson, Anna Maria Siega-Riz, Chirayath M Suchindran, Margaret E Bentley
Obesity continues to be a problem in the United States. Of particular concern is the epidemic of early childhood obesity. A significant predictor of child diet is maternal diet, but little is known about this relationship during infancy. This study examined the association between maternal and infant consumption of key food groups from 6 to 18 months using data from the Infant Care, Feeding, and Risk of Obesity Study, a prospective cohort of 217 non-Hispanic black, low-income, first-time mothers. Using data from 24-hr dietary recalls collected during in-home visits at 6, 9, 12, and 18 months, we assessed longitudinal associations between mother and child intake of both energy-dense, nutrient-poor (obesogenic) food groups and fibre-, nutrient-rich food groups using random intercept logistic regression...
June 18, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625840/survival-of-litopenaeus-vannemei-shrimp-fed-on-diets-supplemented-with-dunaliella-sp-is-improved-after-challenges-by-vibrio-parahaemolyticus
#13
Diana Medina Félix, José Antonio López Elías, Ángel Isidro Campa Córdova, Luis Rafael Martínez Córdova, Antonio Luna González, Edilmar Cortez Jacinto, Nolberta Huerta Aldaz, Fernando Cano Mendoza, María Guadalupe Burboa Zazueta
Survival of Litopenaeus vannamei was evaluated during a Vibrio parahaemolyticus infection. This bacteria has been causing significant economic losses in the shrimp industry due to the appearance of early mortality syndrome (EMS), also known as acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease (AHPND). Control of bacteria in ponds is difficult to achieve with antibiotics due to environmental infections and antibiotic resistance. New methods have been proposed to control and prevent the impact of bacterial infections. The physiological response indicated by plasma biochemical parameters in shrimp can determine their health and stress status...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Invertebrate Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625550/maternal-exposure-to-western-diet-affects-adult-body-composition-and-voluntary-wheel-running-in-a-genotype-specific-manner-in-mice
#14
Layla Hiramatsu, Jarren Kay, Zoe Thompson, Jennifer Singleton, Gerald Claghorn, Ralph Lacerda de Albuquerque, Brittany Ho, Brett Ho, Gabriela Sanchez, Theodore Garland
Some human diseases, including obesity, Type II diabetes, and numerous cancers, are thought to be influenced by environments experienced in early life, including in utero. Maternal diet during the perinatal period may be especially important for adult offspring energy balance, potentially affecting both body composition and physical activity. This effect may be mediated by the genetic background of individuals, including, for example, potential "protective" mechanisms for individuals with inherently high levels of physical activity or high basal metabolic rates...
June 15, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625191/attraction-and-consumption-of-methyl-eugenol-by-male-bactrocera-umbrosa-fabricius-diptera-tephritidae-promotes-conspecific-sexual-communication-and-mating-performance
#15
S L Wee, M Z Abdul Munir, A K W Hee
The Artocarpus fruit fly, Bactrocera umbrosa (Fabricius) (Diptera: Tephritidae), is an oligophagous fruit pest infesting Moraceae fruits, including jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus Lamarck), a fruit commodity of high value in Malaysia. The scarcity of fundamental biological, physiological and ecological information on this pest, particularly in relation to behavioural response to phytochemical lures, which are instrumental to the success of many area-wide fruit fly control and management programmes, underpins the need for studies on this much-underrated pest...
June 19, 2017: Bulletin of Entomological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622790/early-life-risk-factors-identified-for-owner-reported-feline-overweight-and-obesity-at-around-two-years-of-age
#16
E C Rowe, W J Browne, R A Casey, T J Gruffydd-Jones, J K Murray
Obesity is considered the second most common health problem in pet cats in developed countries. This study used prospective data from a longitudinal study of pet cats ('C.L.A.W.S.', www.bristol.ac.uk/vetscience/claws) to identify early-life risk factors for feline overweight/obesity occurring at around two years of age. Data were collected via five owner-completed questionnaires (for cats aged two-six months, six months, 12 months, 18 months and two years respectively) completed between May 2011 and April 2015...
August 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621054/delivery-mode-and-breastfeeding-outcomes-among-new-mothers-in-nicaragua
#17
Sara N Kiani, Katherine M Rich, Darby Herkert, Cara Safon, Rafael Pérez-Escamilla
Breastfeeding has been shown to benefit infants and mothers. Women who have caesarean deliveries (C-sections) are expected to be less likely to initiate and continue breastfeeding than those who have vaginal deliveries. Given the high rate of C-sections in Nicaragua, the importance of breastfeeding, and the centrality of culture in choices about breastfeeding, this study sought to examine if mode of delivery relates with breastfeeding initiation and exclusivity in Nicaragua. Two hundred fifty mothers were surveyed about birth experiences and breastfeeding behaviour in 3 public clinics in León, Nicaragua, between June and August 2015...
June 16, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620920/diet-induced-early-stage-atherosclerosis-in-baboons-lipoproteins-atherogenesis-and-arterial-compliance
#18
Michael C Mahaney, Genesio M Karere, David L Rainwater, Venkata S Voruganti, Edward J Dick, Michael A Owston, Karen S Rice, Laura A Cox, Anthony G Comuzzie, John L VandeBerg
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine whether dietary manipulation can reliably induce early-stage atherosclerosis and clinically relevant changes in vascular function in an established, well-characterized non-human primate model. METHODS: We fed 112 baboons a high-cholesterol, high-fat challenge diet for two years. We assayed circulating biomarkers of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk, at 0, 7, and 104 weeks into the challenge; assessed arterial compliance noninvasively at 104 weeks; and measured atherosclerotic lesions in three major arteries at necropsy...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619255/infant-nutrition-and-maternal-obesity-influence-the-risk-of-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-adolescents
#19
Oyekoya T Ayonrinde, Wendy H Oddy, Leon A Adams, Trevor A Mori, Lawrence J Beilin, Nicholas de Klerk, John K Olynyk
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The pathway to non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in adolescents may have its origins in adiposity gains, nutrition and sedentary lifestyle established during childhood. There is inadequate knowledge regarding the associations between infant nutrition and subsequent NAFLD. We examined the association of maternal factors and infant nutrition, with the subsequent diagnosis of NAFLD in adolescents. METHODS: Adolescents aged 17years in the Western Australian Pregnancy (Raine) Cohort study had fatty liver assessment using liver ultrasound...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619048/hematochezia-caused-by-eosinophilic-proctocolitis-in-a-newborn-before-oral-feeding-a-case-report
#20
Marie-Julie Debuf, Tania Claeys, Jean-Philippe Stalens, Luc Cornette
BACKGROUND: Hematochezia is a frequent symptom in early infancy. However, it occurs very rarely within the immediate neonatal period, and its occurrence before any oral intake is particularly rare. Because of the "congenital" presentation of hematochezia in our patient, we initially considered our case to be a non-classical, potentially severe type of food protein-induced allergic proctocolitis. This diagnosis needs to be confirmed by an abnormal oral challenge test once the hematochezia has disappeared...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
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