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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666546/effects-of-processing-on-proximate-and-fatty-acid-compositions-of-six-commercial-sea-cucumber-species-of-sri-lanka
#1
G Nishanthan, P A D A Kumara, M D S T de Croos, D V P Prasada, D C T Dissanayake
Processing and its impacts on proximate composition and fatty acid profile of six sea cucumber species; Bohadschia marmorata, Stichopus chloronotus, Holothuria spinifera, Thelenota anax, Holothuria scabra and Bohadschia sp. 1 collected from the northwest coast of Sri Lanka were analyzed. Sea cucumbers are processed into bêche - de - mer by both domestic and industrial level processors following the similar steps of cleaning, evisceration, first boiling, salting, second boiling and drying. However, domestically processed bêche - de - mer always reported a higher percentage of moisture, crude ash, crude fat and lower percentage of crude protein than industrially processed products...
May 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666515/effect-of-fiber-sources-on-fatty-acids-profile-glycemic-index-and-phenolic-compound-content-of-in-vitro-digested-fortified-wheat-bread
#2
Marcin Andrzej Kurek, Jarosław Wyrwisz, Sabina Karp, Agnieszka Wierzbicka
In this study, some dietary fiber (DF) sources were investigated as fortifiers of wheat bread: oat (OB), flax (FB), and apple (AB). Adding oat and flax fibers to bread significantly changed the fatty acid profiles. OB was highest in oleic acid (33.83% of lipids) and linoleic acid (24.31% of lipids). Only in FB, γ-linolenic fatty acid was present in a significant amount-18.32%. The bioaccessibility trails revealed that the DF slow down the intake of saturated fatty acids. PUFA were least bioaccessible from all fatty acids groups in the range of (72% in OB to 87% in FB)...
May 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665872/maternal-intake-of-omega-3-and-omega-6-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-during-mid-pregnancy-is-inversely-associated-with-linear-growth
#3
M Al-Hinai, A Baylin, M M Tellez-Rojo, A Cantoral, A Ettinger, M Solano-González, K E Peterson, W Perng
This study investigates relations of maternal N-3 and N-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) intake during pregnancy with offspring body mass index (BMI), height z-score and metabolic risk (fasting glucose, C-peptide, leptin, lipid profile) during peripuberty (8-14 years) among 236 mother-child pairs in Mexico. We used food frequency questionnaire data to quantify trimester-specific intake of N-3 alpha-linolenic acid, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA); N-6 linoleic acid and arachidonic acid (AA); and N-6:N-3 (AA:EPA+DHA), which accounts for the fact that the two PUFA families have opposing effects on physiology...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665653/upregulation-of-ppar-%C3%AE-mediates-the-renoprotective-effect-of-omega-3-pufa-and-ferulic-acid-in-gentamicin-intoxicated-rats
#4
Nahla E El-Ashmawy, Naglaa F Khedr, Hoda A El-Bahrawy, Sara A Helal
Ferulic acid (FrA) is a natural product containing phenolic compounds. ω-3 PUFA is the major constituent of fish oil. The aim of this study was to investigate the renoprotective role of FrA and FO in gentamicin (GM)-induced nephrotoxicity in rats. Forty four male rats were divided equally into 4 groups: Control group, GM group, FrA + GM group and FO + GM group. Each of the treated groups was injected with GM (40 mg/kg) i.p. for 9 consecutive days. FrA (100 mg/kg) and FO (5 mL/kg) were given to rats orally daily for 10 days prior to GM and then concomitantly with GM for additional 9 days...
March 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665620/personalized-cardio-metabolic-responses-to-an-anti-inflammatory-nutrition-intervention-in-obese-adolescents-a-randomized-controlled-crossover-trial
#5
Aoibheann M McMorrow, Ruth M Connaughton, Tiago R Magalhães, Fiona C McGillicuddy, Maria F Hughes, David Cheishvili, Melissa J Morine, Sean Ennis, Marie-Louise Healy, Edna F Roche, Richard E Tremblay, Moshe Szyf, Fiona E Lithander, Helen M Roche
SCOPE: Chronic inflammation and hypoadiponectinemia are characteristic of obesity-induced insulin resistance (IR). The effect of an anti-inflammatory nutrition supplement (AINS) on IR and adiponectin biology in overweight adolescents was investigated. The secondary objective was to examine the extent to which individuals' biomarker profiles, derived from baseline phenotypes, predicted response or not to the AINS. Additionally, the impact of DNA methylation on intervention efficacy was assessed...
April 17, 2018: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665425/omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-promotes-angiogenesis-in-placenta-derived-mesenchymal-stromal-cells
#6
Suja Ann Mathew, Ramesh Bhonde
Enhancement of angiogenesis is solicited in wound repair and regeneration. Mesenchymal stromal cells derived from the placenta (P-MSCs) have an inherent angiogenic potential. Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) in turn, specifically the omega-3 (N-3) are essential for growth and development. They are also recommended as dietary supplements during pregnancy. We therefore hypothesized that addition of N-3 PUFAs in P-MSC culture media may enhance their angiogenic potential. Hence we treated P-MSCs with omega-3 (N-3) fatty acids -Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) at different concentrations and tested their angiogenic potential...
April 14, 2018: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662553/plasma-fatty-acid-levels-and-gene-expression-related-to-lipid-metabolism-in-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cells-a-cross-sectional-study-in-healthy-subjects
#7
Sunniva V Larsen, Kirsten B Holven, Inger Ottestad, Kine N Dagsland, Mari C W Myhrstad, Stine M Ulven
Background: Solid evidence indicates that intake of marine n-3 fatty acids lowers serum triglycerides and that replacing saturated fatty acids (SFA) with polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) reduces plasma total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol. The molecular mechanisms underlying these health beneficial effects are however not completely elucidated. The aim of this study was therefore to investigate the expression of genes related to lipid metabolism in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) depending on the plasma levels of n-6 and n-3 fatty acids and the SFA to PUFA ratio...
2018: Genes & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661555/directly-quantified-dietary-n-3-fatty-acid-intakes-of-canadian-toddlers-are-lower-than-current-dietary-recommendations
#8
R J Scott Lacombe, Richard J Kratz, Bruce J Holub
To date, few studies have evaluated the intake of dietary n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) in young North American children and current estimates are based on indirect approaches which have concerning limitations. Furthermore, there is a lack of available knowledge regarding the proportion of children meeting current dietary recommendations for the consumption of long-chain n-3 PUFA as α-linolenic acid (ALA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA)/docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). The objective of the present study was to directly quantify the intake of n-3 PUFA in toddlers aged 2 to 3 years and determine if intakes met international recommendations...
March 2, 2018: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660045/effect-of-dietary-supplementation-with-moringa-oleifera-leaf-on-performance-meat-quality-and-oxidative-stability-of-meat-in-broilers
#9
Yao-Ming Cui, Jing Wang, Wei Lu, Hai-Jun Zhang, Shu-Geng Wu, Guang-Hai Qi
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of dietary supplementation with Moringa oleifera leaf (MOL) on performance, carcass characteristics, meat quality, and oxidative stability of breast muscle in broilers. A total of 720 1-d-old male Arbor Acres birds were randomly divided into 6 dietary groups, which were fed a basal diet supplemented with 0, 1, 2, 5, 10, and 15% MOL, respectively. Each group had 6 replicates of 20 birds each. The feeding trial lasted for 42 d. The results showed dietary MOL supplementation linearly and quadratically decreased body weight and average daily gain (P < 0...
April 11, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659963/saturated-fats-from-butter-but-not-from-cheese-increase-hdl-mediated-cholesterol-efflux-capacity-from-j774-macrophages-in-men-and-women-with-abdominal-obesity
#10
Didier Brassard, Benoît J Arsenault, Marjorie Boyer, Daniela Bernic, Maude Tessier-Grenier, Denis Talbot, Angelo Tremblay, Emile Levy, Bela Asztalos, Peter J H Jones, Patrick Couture, Benoît Lamarche
Background: Recent evidence suggests that the association between dietary saturated fatty acids (SFAs) and coronary artery disease risk varies according to food sources. How SFAs from butter and cheese influence HDL-mediated cholesterol efflux capacity (CEC), a key process in reverse cholesterol transport, is currently unknown. Objective: In a predefined secondary analysis of a previously published trial, we have examined how diets rich in SFAs from either cheese or butter influence HDL-mediated CEC, compared with diets rich in either monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs) or polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs)...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659013/dietary-fat-and-fiber-interact-to-uniquely-modify-global-histone-post-translational-epigenetic-programming-in-a-rat-colon-cancer-progression-model
#11
Karen Triff, Mathew W McLean, Evelyn Callaway, Jennifer Goldsby, Ivan Ivanov, Robert S Chapkin
Dietary fermentable fiber generates short-chain fatty acids (SCFA), e.g., butyrate, in the colonic lumen which serves as a chemoprotective histone deacetylase inhibitor and/or as an acetylation substrate for histone acetylases. In addition, n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA) in fish oil can affect the chromatin landscape by acting as ligands for tumor suppressive nuclear receptors. In an effort to gain insight into the global dimension of post-translational modification of histones (including H3K4me3 and H3K9ac) and clarify the chemoprotective impact of dietary bioactive compounds on transcriptional control in a preclinical model of colon cancer, we generated high-resolution genome-wide RNA (RNA-Seq) and "chromatin-state" (H3K4me3-seq and H3K9ac-seq) maps for intestinal (epithelial colonocytes) crypts in rats treated with a colon carcinogen and fed diets containing bioactive (i) fish oil, (ii) fermentable fiber (a rich source of SCFA), (iii) a combination of fish oil plus pectin or (iv) control, devoid of fish oil or pectin...
April 16, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656360/dietary-vitamin-e-status-dictates-oxidative-stress-outcomes-by-modulating-effects-of-fish-oil-supplementation-in-alzheimer-disease-model-app-swe-ps1-de9-mice
#12
Shengqi Dong, Xiaochen Huang, Jie Zhen, Nicholas Van Halm-Lutterodt, JiaJia Wang, Cui Zhou, Linhong Yuan
Quite a number of studies have examined the effects of fish oil supplementation on cognitive performance in different transgenic animal models of Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, inconsistent and controversial outcomes have been derived from these experiments. In order to investigate whether the beneficial effect of fish oil supplementation on cognition was dietary VE status associated, fish oil dietary intervention was carried out in transgenic APPswe /PS1dE9 (APP/PS1) mice. Control mice (C57BL/6J mice) were fed a normal control diet...
April 14, 2018: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652940/functionality-of-cow-milk-naturally-enriched-with-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-and-polyphenols-in-diets-for-diabetic-rats
#13
Emerson H Yoshimura, Nadine W Santos, Erica Machado, Bruna C Agustinho, Lucelia M Pereira, Sílvia C de Aguiar, Anacharis B Sá-Nakanishi, Cecília E Mareze-da-Costa, Lucia M Zeoula
The increasing incidence of diabetes mellitus is becoming a serious threat to human health in various parts of the world. Studies with dairy products have shown a potential beneficial effect against diabetes. This experiment evaluated the supplementation of milk naturally enriched with polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) and polyphenols in rats with streptozotocin-induced diabetes. Forty male 28-day-old Wistar rats were distributed in four experimental treatments of diabetic animals (streptozotocin induction) and a normal group (non-induced)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651972/n-3-omega-3-fatty-acids-effects-on-brain-dopamine-systems-and-potential-role-in-the-etiology-and-treatment-of-neuropsychiatric-disorders
#14
Beth Levant, Michelle Healy-Stoffel
A number of neuropsychiatric disorders, including Parkinson's disease, schizophrenia, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, and, to some extent, depression, involve dysregulation of the brain dopamine systems. The etiology of these diseases is multifactorial, involving genetic and environmental factors. Evidence suggests that inadequate levels of n-3 (omega-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) in the brain may represent a risk factor for these disorders. These fatty acids, which are derived from the diet, are a major component of neuronal membranes and are of particular importance in brain development and function...
April 12, 2018: CNS & Neurological Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649756/transcriptional-effects-of-phospholipid-fatty-acid-profile-on-rainbow-trout-liver-cells-exposed-to-methylmercury
#15
Aline Ferain, Chloé Bonnineau, Ineke Neefs, Krishna Das, Yvan Larondelle, Jean-François Rees, Cathy Debier, Benjamin Lemaire
Lipids, and their constitutive fatty acids, are key nutrients for fish health as they provide energy, maintain cell structure, are precursors of signalling molecules and act as nuclear receptor ligands. These specific roles may be of crucial importance in a context of exposure to pollutants. We recently showed that the fatty acid profile of rainbow trout liver cell phospholipids modulates sensitivity to an acute methylmercury challenge. In order to investigate mechanisms of effects, we herein tested whether specific polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) may protect cells from methylmercury through decreasing intracellular mercury accumulation and/or enhancing cellular defences (e...
March 22, 2018: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29645359/intake-of-fish-alters-the-size-and-composition-of-hdl-particles-and-camelina-sativa-oil-decreases-idl-particle-concentration-in-subjects-with-impaired-glucose-metabolism
#16
Suvi M Manninen, Maria A Lankinen, Vanessa D de Mello, David E Laaksonen, Ursula S Schwab, Arja T Erkkilä
SCOPE: Intake of long-chain n-3 PUFAs affects the lipoprotein subclass profile, whereas the effect of shorter chain n-3 PUFAs remains unclear. We investigated the effect of fish and camelina sativa oil (CSO) intakes on lipoprotein subclasses. METHODS AND RESULTS: Altogether 79 volunteers with impaired glucose metabolism were randomly assigned to CSO, fatty fish (FF), lean fish (LF) or control group for 12 weeks. Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy was used to determine lipoprotein subclasses and their lipid components...
April 12, 2018: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643271/japan-diet-intake-changes-serum-phospholipid-fatty-acid-compositions-in-middle-aged-men-a-pilot-study
#17
Yuri Shijo, Chizuko Maruyama, Eri Nakamura, Rena Nakano, Mitsuha Shima, Asumi Mae, Yuuna Okabe, Sunmi Park, Noriko Kameyama, Satomi Hirai
AIM: The Japan Diet nutritional education program effects on serum fatty acid compositions for prevention of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease in middle-aged men brought up in the westernized dietary environment of modern Japan were examined. METHODS: Thirty-three men, 30-49 years of age, attended a nutrition education class and were recommended to consume Japan Diet volumes (more fish, soybeans and soy products, vegetables, seaweed, konjak, mushrooms, and unrefined cereals and less animal fat, meat and poultry with fat, sweets, desserts and snacks, and alcoholic drinks) for 6 weeks...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642679/effects-of-dietary-supplementation-with-a-combination-of-plant-oils-on-performance-meat-quality-and-fatty-acid-deposition-of-broilers
#18
Shenfei Long, Yetong Xu, Chunlin Wang, Changlian Li, Dewen Liu, Xiang-Shu Piao
Objective: This study was to evaluate effects of mixed plant oils [identified as mixed oil 1 (MO1) and mixed oil 2 (MO2)] on performance, serum composition, viscera percentages, meat quality, and fatty acid deposition of broilers. Methods: A total of 126 one-day-old Arbor Acres male broiler chicks (weighing 44.91 ± 0.92 g) were randomly allocated to 1 of 3 treatments with 7 replicate pens per treatment (6 broilers per pen). Dietary treatments included a corn-soybean basal diet supplemented with 3% soybean oil (CTR), basal diet with 3% MO1 (a mixture of 15% corn oil, 10% coconut oil, 15% linseed oil, 20% palm oil, 15% peanut oil and 25% soybean oil; MO1), or basal diet with 3% MO2 (a combination of 50% MO1 and 50% extruded corn; MO2)...
April 12, 2018: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642665/fatty-acid-composition-of-goose-meat-depending-on-genotype-and-sex
#19
Linda Uhlířová, Eva Tůmová, Darina Chodová, Zdeněk Volek, Vlastislav Machander
Objective: The aim of this study was to compare male and female geese of two contrasting genotypes in terms of fatty acid composition, indexes related to human health, lipid metabolism and oxidative stability of the meat. Methods: The experiment was carried out on total of 120 geese of two different genotypes; the native breed Czech Goose (CG) and commercial hybrid Novohradska Goose (NG). One-d-old goslings were divided into 4 groups according to genotype and sex, and 8 birds from each group were slaughtered at 8 weeks of age...
April 12, 2018: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628486/the-effect-of-microwave-roasting-over-the-thermooxidative-degradation-of-perah-seed-oil-during-heating
#20
Khu Say Li, M Abbas Ali, Ida Idayu Muhammad, Noor Hidayu Othman, Ahmadilfitri Md Noor
The impact of microwave roasting on the thermooxidative degradation of perah seed oil (PSO) was evaluated during heating at a frying temperature (170°C). The roasting resulted significantly lower increment of the values of oxidative indices such as free acidity, peroxide value, p-anisidine, total oxidation (TOTOX), specific extinctions and thiobarbituric acid in oils during heating. The colour L* (lightness) value dropped gradually as the heating time increased up to 12 h, whereas a*(redness) and b* (yellowness) tended to increase...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Oleo Science
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