Read by QxMD icon Read

Vascular access dialysis

Panagiotis M Kitrou, Konstantinos Katsanos, Panagiotis Papadimatos, Stavros Spiliopoulos, Dimitris Karnabatidis
Thrombosis is the most important access-related complication. Several declotting procedures have been suggested falling mainly into two categories; thrombolysis-dependent and thrombectomy dependent. Areas Covered: Seventeen studies after 2001 have been published on percutaneous treatment of thrombosed vascular access. Authors performed a systematic review of these studies together with a parametric meta-analysis of data available investigating clinical success, postintervention assisted primary patency (PAPP) and independent factors that could influence outcome measures...
March 16, 2018: Expert Review of Medical Devices
Ramon Roca-Tey, José Ibeas, Teresa Moreno, Enrique Gruss, José Luis Merino, Joaquín Vallespín, David Hernán, Patricia Arribas
The Spanish Multidisciplinary Group on Vascular Access (GEMAV), which includes experts from the five scientific societies involved (nephrology (S.E.N.), vascular surgery (SEACV), interventional radiology (SERAM-SERVEI), infectious diseases (SEIMC), and nephrology nursing (SEDEN)), along with the methodological support of the Iberoamerican Cochrane Centre, has developed the Spanish Clinical Guidelines on Vascular Access for Hemodialysis. This article summarizes the main issues from the guideline's chapter entitled "Monitoring and surveillance of arteriovenous access...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Vascular Access
Tereza Kmentova, Anna Valerianova, Lucie Kovarova, Jana Lachmanova, Zuzana Hladinova, Jan Malik
BACKGROUND: Creation of vascular access leads to considerable local haemodynamic changes with decreased hand perfusion. Distal limb tissues then represent a model of hand ischaemia effect on muscles. The aim of our study was to investigate how the presence of vascular access influences the hand muscle strength in end-stage renal disease patients. METHODS: We included 52 chronically haemodialysed patients with upper limb access without clinical signs of hand ischaemia...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Vascular Access
Safauldeen A Alhajim
Chronic kidney disease requires life-long renal replacement therapy, which can greatly impair the quality of life (QOL) of patients. This cross-sectional study aimed to assess the QOL of patients on haemodialysis, and the factors affecting it, at the dialysis unit of Basra General Hospital. A total of 104 patients with end-stage renal disease on haemodialysis were included. Data were collected using the World Health Organization QOL questionnaire. Sociodemographic and clinical data were also collected. Of the 104 patients, 57% were male, 73% were older than 45 years, 87% were of middle and low socioeconomic status, 70% had been on dialysis for more than 1 year, 74% had arteriovenous fistula vascular access, 34% had diabetes and 48% were positive for hepatitis virus...
March 5, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
Cindy You, Shishir Sharma, Aakash Bavishi, Christopher A Groh, Yazan Alia, Basil Saour, Rod Passman
BACKGROUND: Hemodialysis (HD) patients have a high risk of sudden death but limited vascular access and high complication rates from transvenous implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs). Subcutaneous ICDs (S-ICD) may be an alternative, but dynamic ECG changes may result in inappropriate shocks. This study aims to define the screen failure rate for S-ICD in patients pre- and post-HD. METHODS: ECG waveforms were obtained using electrodes mimicking the S-ICD sensing vectors in an unselected test group of chronic HD patients and a control group of ICD-eligible non-dialysis patients...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology: An International Journal of Arrhythmias and Pacing
Chun-Fan Chen, Chih-Ching Lin
Some hemodialysis patients suffer from repeat dysfunction of dialysis vascular access and need procedures of angioplasty, thrombectomy, and even temporary catheter use. Why these patients are vulnerable to vascular access dysfunction and how to improve its patency are imperative to be discovered. Traditional risk factors for vascular access function had been widely investigated but could not fully explain this question. Several genotype polymorphisms were demonstrated to increase the incidence of cardiovascular disease and might also be linked to higher risk of vascular access dysfunction...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Vascular Access
Ian Jun Yan Wee, Thomas Stonier, Michael Harrison, Andrew M T L Choong
BACKGROUND: The carotid artery is a novel access route for transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI), especially useful in patients unsuitable for traditional access routes including transfemoral (TF), subclavian, transapical (TAp), and aortic (TAo). This systematic review summarizes the evidence on TAVI via the carotid artery for its efficacy and safety. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted as per the Preferred Reporting Instructions for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis (PRISMA) guidelines on three online databases: Medline (via Pubmed), SCOPUS, and Cochrane Database...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Cardiology
George Kuo, Wei-Chiao Sun, Yueh-An Lu, Chao-Yu Chen, Huang-Kai Kao, Yu Lin, Yung-Chang Chen, Cheng-Chieh Hung, Ya-Chung Tian, Hsiang-Hao Hsu
Purpose: Infectious spondylodiscitis is a serious disease that can lead to permanent neurological deficit. Because there were only a few case reports or series featuring infectious spondylodiscitis in chronic dialysis patients, we investigated the epidemiology and outcome in the chronic dialysis patients versus general population. Materials and methods: We retrospectively identified chronic dialysis patients admitted for infectious spondylodiscitis between January 2002 and December 2015...
2018: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
Andrea K Viecelli, Allison Tong, Emma O'Lone, Angela Ju, Camilla S Hanson, Benedicte Sautenet, Jonathan C Craig, Braden Manns, Martin Howell, Eric Chemla, Lai-Seong Hooi, David W Johnson, Timmy Lee, Charmaine E Lok, Kevan R Polkinghorne, Robert R Quinn, Tushar Vachharajani, Raymond Vanholder, Li Zuo, Carmel M Hawley
Vascular access outcomes in hemodialysis are critically important for patients and clinicians, but frequently are neither patient relevant nor measured consistently in randomized trials. A Standardized Outcomes in Nephrology-Hemodialysis (SONG-HD) consensus workshop was convened to discuss the development of a core outcome measure for vascular access. 13 patients/caregivers and 46 professionals (clinicians, policy makers, industry representatives, and researchers) attended. Participants advocated for vascular access function to be a core outcome based on the broad applicability of function regardless of access type, involvement of a multidisciplinary team in achieving a functioning access, and the impact of access function on quality of life, survival, and other access-related outcomes...
February 22, 2018: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
Kelsey Gray, Abraham Korn, Joshua Zane, Gabriel Conzalez, Amy Kaji, Nina Bowens, Christian de Virgilio
INTRODUCTION: Formal preoperative ultrasound (US) mapping of vascular anatomy by radiology is recommended prior to hemodialysis access surgery. We hypothesized that US performed by general surgery residents in place of formal US would decrease the time from initial consult to creation of dialysis access without affecting patient outcomes. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of all patients that underwent dialysis access surgery from November 2014 to July 2016 and received preoperative upper extremity US vein and artery evaluation by either radiology or general surgery residents...
February 22, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Kelsey Gray, Abraham Korn, Joshua Zane, Hamid Alipour, Amy Kaji, Nina Bowens, Christian de Virgilio
INTRODUCTION: Current guidelines recommend preoperative antibiotics in all vascular surgery cases. However, we hypothesize that patients undergoing arteriovenous fistula (AVF) and arteriovenous graft (AVG) creation have low rates of postoperative surgical site infection (SSI) and that preoperative antibiotic prophylaxis in these patients may not be necessary. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of all patients who underwent AVF and AVG creation from November 2014 through July of 2016 at a single institution...
February 22, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Tushar J Vachharajani, Anil K Agarwal, Arif Asif
Exhausted vasculature is not uncommon in patients receiving long-term hemodialysis treatment. Certain patients exhaust their peripheral veins and do not retain the venous capital necessary for fistula creation. Others suffer from severe peripheral arterial disease and despite the presence of adequate venous capital are not able to receive an arteriovenous access successfully. Most importantly, in the case of occluded central veins, the creation of an arteriovenous access in the arms or thighs would be futile, even if peripheral veins and/or arteries were available...
February 21, 2018: Kidney International
Tania Huria, Suetonia Palmer, Lutz Beckert, Jonathan Williman, Suzanne Pitama
BACKGROUND: In Aotearoa/New Zealand, Māori, as the indigenous people, experience chronic kidney disease at three times the rate of non-Māori, non-Pacific New Zealanders. Māori commence dialysis treatment for end-stage kidney disease at three times the rate of New Zealand European adults. To examine for evidence of inequity in dialysis-related incidence, treatment practices, and survival according to indigeneity in Aotearoa/New Zealand, utilising a Kaupapa Māori approach. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study involving adults who commenced treatment for end-stage kidney disease in Aotearoa/New Zealand between 2002 and 2011...
February 20, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
Sondus A Hamadneh, Saja A Nueirat, Jamal Qadoomi', Mohammed Shurrab, Wajeh Y Qunibi, Zakaria Hamdan
Vascular access complications are common in patients with end-stage kidney disease who are receiving maintenance hemodialysis (HD) and are responsible for an enormous burden of morbidity and mortality among these patients. Differences in the all-cause mortality rate and hospitalization between dialysis catheter use and arteriovenous (AV) vascular access use have not been documented in our HD population. We performed a 12-month prospective analysis of our HD patients from four dialysis centers. We examined all-cause mortality and hospitalization in patients being dialyzed through HD catheters as compared to patients with AV access...
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
Liliana Simões-Silva, Ricardo Araujo, Manuel Pestana, Isabel Soares-Silva, Benedita Sampaio-Maia
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with an imbalanced human microbiome due not only to CKD-associated factors such as uremia, increased inflammation and immunosuppression, but also to pharmacological therapies and dietary restrictions. End-stage renal disease patients require renal replacement therapies commonly in the form of hemodialysis (HD) or peritoneal dialysis (PD). HD implies the existence of a vascular access, such as an arteriovenous fistula/graft or a venous catheter, whereas PD implies a long-term peritoneal catheter and the constant inflow of peritoneal dialysate...
February 11, 2018: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
Kenneth J Woodside, Sarah Bell, Purna Mukhopadhyay, Kaitlyn J Repeck, Ian T Robinson, Ashley R Eckard, Sudipta Dasmunshi, Brett W Plattner, Jeffrey Pearson, Douglas E Schaubel, Ronald L Pisoni, Rajiv Saran
BACKGROUND: Arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) are the preferred form of hemodialysis vascular access, but maturation failures occur frequently, often resulting in prolonged catheter use. We sought to characterize AVF maturation in a national sample of prevalent hemodialysis patients in the United States. STUDY DESIGN: Nonconcurrent observational cohort study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: Prevalent hemodialysis patients having had at least 1 new AVF placed during 2013, as identified using Medicare claims data in the US Renal Data System...
February 8, 2018: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
Rui Abreu, Sara Rioja, Joaquin Vallespin, Xavier Vinuesa, Ruben Iglesias, Jose Ibeas
BACKGROUND: Native arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is considered the gold standard of vascular access for hemodialysis due to its longer survival, fewer complications, lower mortality and costs. Patency is important for effective dialysis treatment and this remains a challenge in nephrology. There are no well-defined prognostic factors for early and long-term AVF survival. The aim of this study was to evaluate comorbidity, analytical and ultrasound (US) variables as prognostic factors for early failure and AVF patency...
February 8, 2018: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
Y C Yavuz, N Y Selcuk, L Altıntepe, I Güney, S Yavuz
PURPOSE: In chronic hemodialysis patients, the low flow of vascular access may leads to inadequate dialysis, increased rate of hospitalization, morbidity, and mortality. It was found that surveillance should be performed for native arteriovenous (AV) should not be performed for AV graft in various studies. However, surveillance was done in graft AV fistulas in most studies. Doppler ultrasonography (US) was suggested for surveillance of AV fistulas by the last vascular access guideline of National Kidney Foundation Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative (NKF KDOQI)...
January 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
Ladan Golestaneh
Hospitalizations drive up to 35% of the astronomical costs of care for patients on hemodialysis and are associated with poor outcomes. We describe outpatient care-sensitive categories of hospitalization risks in an effort to engage stakeholders and patients, as stakeholders, in mitigating hospitalizations. These categories include: (1) fluid (interdialytic weight gain (IDWG) and chronic volume status), (2) infection (vascular access and malnutrition/inflammation resilience), and c) psychosocial (poor social support, poor self-efficacy, and mood disorders) risks...
February 6, 2018: Seminars in Dialysis
M Spaggiari, C Di Bella, P Di Cocco, S Furno, E Benedetti, I Tzvetanov
BACKGROUND: The external iliac vein is the standard site used for venous anastomosis in kidney transplantation. When a pre-transplantation diagnosis of iliocaval thrombosis is established, a different and suitable venous drainage for the renal outflow must be identified for successful transplant. METHODS: We report 4 cases of kidney transplantation, performed from 2004 to 2016, in recipients presenting with thrombosis of the inferior vena cava and iliac system needing, because of the lack of access for dialysis, urgent kidney transplantations...
January 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"