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Teamwork in palliative care

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341818/medicine-as-it-should-be-teaching-team-and-teamwork-during-a-palliative-care-clerkship
#1
Barbara A Head, Christian Davis Furman, Andrew M Lally, Kimberly Leake, Mark Pfeifer
BACKGROUND: Interprofessional Education (IPE) is an important component of medical education. Rotations with palliative care interdisciplinary teams (IDTs) provide an optimal environment for IPE and teaching teamwork skills. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to assess the learning of senior medical students during a palliative care rotation. DESIGN: A constant comparison method based on grounded theory was used in this qualitative study. SETTING/SUBJECTS: Senior medical students completed a semi-structured reflective writing exercise after a required one-week palliative care clerkship...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316802/it-s-all-about-communication-a-mixed-methods-approach-to-collaboration-between-volunteers-and-staff-in-pediatric-palliative-care
#2
Dorothee Meyer, Pia Schmidt, Boris Zernikow, Julia Wager
BACKGROUND: Multidisciplinary teamwork is considered central to pediatric palliative care. Although different studies state that volunteers play an essential role in palliative care, little is known about the collaboration between volunteers and staff. AIM: This study aims to explore and compare the perspectives of volunteers and staff regarding collaboration in a pediatric palliative care unit. DESIGN: A mixed-methods approach was chosen to appropriately reflect the complex aspects of collaboration...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283868/a-review-of-the-essential-components-of-quality-palliative-care-in-the-home
#3
Hsien Seow, Daryl Bainbridge
OBJECTIVE: The home is an important and often preferable setting of palliative care. While much research has demonstrated the benefits of specialized palliative homecare on patient and system outcomes, there has been little delineation of the underlying components of these efficacious programs. We synthesized the essential elements of palliative homecare from a combined review of successful programs, perspectives of patients and caregivers, and views of healthcare providers in palliative care...
January 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191185/compassionate-collaborative-care-an-integrative-review-of-quality-indicators-in-end-of-life-care
#4
Kathryn Pfaff, Adelais Markaki
BACKGROUND: Compassion and collaborative practice are individually associated with high quality healthcare. When combined in a compassionate collaborative care (CCC) practice framework, they are reported to improve health, strengthen care provision, and control health costs. Little is known about how to integrate and measure CCC, yet it is fundamentally applied in palliative and end-of-life care settings. This study aimed to identify quality indicators of CCC by systematically reviewing and synthesizing the current state of the palliative and end-of-life care literature...
December 1, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145675/-implementing-the-cross-disciplinary-subject-palliative-care-lecture-s-perspective
#5
Leonie Isermeyer, Benjamin Ilse, Gabriella Marx, Stephanie Seidemann, Jana Jünger, Friedemann Nauck, Bernd Alt-Epping
Introduction In 2009, palliative care was introduced as a mandatory subject in the undergraduate medical curriculum in Germany. Despite all efforts to integrate this subject into the curriculum, research suggests substantial differences and deficits in the quality of education between the medical schools. The aim of this research was to find out promoting as well as impedimental aspects of implementing palliative care in the medical training program. By this, a suitable framework in terms of content and structure for palliative care teaching should be extracted...
November 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123350/evaluation-of-community-based-palliative-care-services-perspectives-from-various-stakeholders
#6
Venugopal Vinayagamoorthy, Elayaperumal Suguna, Amol R Dongre
Background: As a part of Memorandum of Understanding with Tamil Nadu Institute of Palliative Medicine, community-based palliative care services have been initiated 2 years back in our urban field practice areas. Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the home care service, a major component of our community-based palliative care, with a view to identify the unmet needs of the services rendered for decision-making about the program. Materials and Methods: It was a descriptive qualitative design carried out by the authors trained in qualitative research methods...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110738/what-can-we-learn-from-simulation-based-training-to-improve-skills-for-end-of-life-care-insights-from-a-national-project-in-israel
#7
Mayer Brezis, Yael Lahat, Meir Frankel, Alan Rubinov, Davina Bohm, Matan J Cohen, Meni Koslowsky, Orit Shalomson, Charles L Sprung, Henia Perry-Mezare, Rina Yahalom, Amitai Ziv
BACKGROUND: Simulation-based training improves residents' skills for end-of-life (EOL) care. In the field, staff providers play a significant role in handling those situations and in shaping practice by role modeling. We initiated an educational intervention to train healthcare providers for improved communication skills at EOL using simulation of sensitive encounters with patients and families. METHODS: Hospital physicians and nurses (n = 1324) attended simulation-based workshops (n = 100) in a national project to improve EOL care...
November 6, 2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096574/use-of-standardized-assessment-tools-to-improve-the-effectiveness-of-palliative-care-rounds-a-quality-improvement-initiative
#8
Donna Spaner, Valerie B Caraiscos, Christina Muystr, Margaret Lyn Furman, Jodi Zaltz-Dubin, Marilyn Wharton, Katherine Whitehead
BACKGROUND: Optimal care for patients in the palliative care setting requires effective clinical teamwork. Communication may be challenging for health-care workers from different disciplines. Daily rounds are one way for clinical teams to share information and develop care plans for patients. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this initiative was to improve the structure and process of daily palliative care rounds by incorporating the use of standardized tools and improved documentation into the meeting...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839942/early-palliative-home-care-evaluation-of-an-interprofessional-educational-intervention-for-district-nurses-and-general-practitioners-about-nutritional-care
#9
Erika Berggren, Ann Ödlund Olin, Ylva Orrevall, Peter Strang, Sven-Erik Johansson, Lena Törnkvist
BACKGROUND: Teamwork is important in early palliative home care, and interprofessional education is required to achieve teamwork. It is thus crucial to ensure that interprofessional education works well for the members of all participating professions because levels of knowledge and educational needs may vary. AIM: To evaluate, by profession, the effectiveness of an interprofessional educational intervention for district nurses and general practitioners on three areas of nutritional care for patients in a palliative phase...
2017: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801007/a-survey-to-evaluate-facilitators-and-barriers-to-quality-measurement-and-improvement-adapting-tools-for-implementation-research-in-palliative-care-programs
#10
Sydney M Dy, Nebras Abu Al Hamayel, Susan M Hannum, Ritu Sharma, Sarina R Isenberg, Kamini Kuchinad, Junya Zhu, Katherine Smith, Karl A Lorenz, Arif H Kamal, Anne M Walling, Sallie J Weaver
CONTEXT: Though critical for improving patient outcomes, palliative care quality indicators are not yet widely used. Better understanding of facilitators and barriers to palliative care quality measurement and improvement might improve their use and program quality. OBJECTIVES: Development of a survey tool to assess palliative care team perspectives on facilitators and barriers to quality measurement and improvement in palliative care programs. METHODS: We used the adapted Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research to define domains and constructs to select instruments...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720612/translating-staff-experience-into-organisational-improvement-the-heads-up-stepped-wedge-cluster-controlled-non-randomised-trial
#11
Samuel Pannick, Thanos Athanasiou, Susannah J Long, Iain Beveridge, Nick Sevdalis
OBJECTIVES: Frontline insights into care delivery correlate with patients' clinical outcomes. These outcomes might be improved through near-real time identification and mitigation of staff concerns. We evaluated the effects of a prospective frontline surveillance system on patient and team outcomes. DESIGN: Prospective, stepped wedge, non-randomised, cluster controlled trial; prespecified per protocol analysis for high-fidelity intervention delivery. PARTICIPANTS: Seven interdisciplinary medical ward teams from two hospitals in the UK...
July 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503040/recommendations-to-support-nurses-and-improve-the-delivery-of-oncology-and-palliative-care-in-india
#12
Virginia T LeBaron, Gayatri Palat, Sudha Sinha, Sanjeeva Kumari Chinta, Beaulah John Battula Jamima, Usha Lakshmi Pilla, Nireekshana Podduturi, Yadamma Shapuram, Padma Vennela, Vineela Rapelli, Zahra Lalani, Susan L Beck
CONTEXT: Nurses in India often practice in resource-constrained settings and care for cancer patients with high symptom burden yet receive little oncology or palliative care training. AIM: The aim of this study is to explore challenges encountered by nurses in India and offer recommendations to improve the delivery of oncology and palliative care. METHODS: Qualitative ethnography. SETTING: The study was conducted at a government cancer hospital in urban South India...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465128/nursing-home-physicians-assessments-of-barriers-and-strategies-for-end-of-life-care-in-norway-and-the-netherlands
#13
Anette Fosse, Sytse Zuidema, Froukje Boersma, Kirsti Malterud, Margrethe Aase Schaufel, Sabine Ruths
OBJECTIVES: Working conditions in nursing homes (NHs) may hamper teamwork in providing quality end-of-life (EOL) care, especially the participation of NH physicians. Dutch NH physicians are specialists or trainees in elderly care medicine with NHs as the main workplace, whereas in Norway, family physicians usually work part time in NHs. Thus, we aimed at assessing and comparing NH physicians' perspectives on barriers and strategies for providing EOL care in NHs in Norway and in The Netherlands...
April 29, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315478/improving-palliative-care-through-teamwork-impactt-in-nursing-homes-study-design-and-baseline-findings
#14
Helena Temkin-Greener, Susan Ladwig, Zhiqiu Ye, Sally A Norton, Dana B Mukamel
BACKGROUND: The 2014 Institute of Medicine report recommended that healthcare providers caring for individuals with advanced illness have basic palliative care competencies in communication, inter-professional collaboration, and symptom management. Nursing homes, where one in three American decedents live and die, have fallen short of these competency goals. We implemented an intervention study to examine the efficacy of nursing home-based integrated palliative care teams in improving the quality of care processes and outcomes for residents at the end of life...
March 14, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274216/primary-care-physicians-educational-needs-and-learning-preferences-in-end-of-life-care-a-focus-group-study-in-the-uk
#15
Lucy Ellen Selman, Lisa Jane Brighton, Vicky Robinson, Rob George, Shaheen A Khan, Rachel Burman, Jonathan Koffman
BACKGROUND: Primary care physicians (General Practitioners (GPs)) play a pivotal role in providing end of life care (EoLC). However, many lack confidence in this area, and the quality of EoLC by GPs can be problematic. Evidence regarding educational needs, learning preferences and the acceptability of evaluation methods is needed to inform the development and testing of EoLC education. This study therefore aimed to explore GPs' EoLC educational needs and preferences for learning and evaluation...
March 9, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122553/undergraduate-curriculum-in-palliative-medicine-at-tampere-university-increases-students-knowledge
#16
Juho T Lehto, Kati Hakkarainen, Pirkko-Liisa Kellokumpu-Lehtinen, Tiina Saarto
BACKGROUND: Education in palliative medicine (PM) at medical schools reveals wide variation despite the increasing importance of palliative care. Many universities present poor description of the benefits and detailed content of the total curriculum in PM. Using the recommendations of European Association for Palliative Care (EAPC) as a reference, we evaluated the content and outcomes of the curriculum in PM at the University of Tampere, Finland. METHODS: We searched for a PM curriculum by examining the teaching offered by every specialty and compared it to EAPC recommendations...
January 25, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116565/pulling-together-and-pulling-apart-influences-of-convergence-and-divergence-on-distributed-healthcare-teams
#17
L Lingard, C Sue-Chue-Lam, G R Tait, J Bates, J Shadd, V Schulz
Effective healthcare requires both competent individuals and competent teams. With this recognition, health professions education is grappling with how to factor team competence into training and assessment strategies. These efforts are impeded, however, by the absence of a sophisticated understanding of the the relationship between competent individuals and competent teams . Using data from a constructivist grounded theory study of team-based healthcare for patients with advanced heart failure, this paper explores the relationship between individual team members' perceived goals, understandings, values and routines and the collective competence of the team...
December 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019075/surviving-with-trisomy-13-provider-and-parent-perspectives-and-the-role-of-the-pediatric-palliative-care-program
#18
REVIEW
Duc Chung, Kristina Haynes, Russell Haynes
Trisomy 13 typically denotes an overall poor prognosis in the setting of multisystem anomalies. Through a provider and parent perspective, this case illustrates the benefit of hope, communication, and teamwork through the integration of a palliative care team in the care of a medically complex child with trisomy 13, resulting in enhance survival and perceived quality of life for patient and family. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
March 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001457/illustrating-and-analyzing-the-processes-of-interprofessional-collaboration-a-lesson-learned-from-palliative-care-in-deconstructing-the-concept
#19
Deborah Witt Sherman, Kinsuk Maitra, Yhovana Gordon, Sharon Simon, Maria Olenick, Salvatore Barbara, Jennifer Doherty-Restrepo, Monica Hough, Marilys Randolph, Arvindar Singh
BACKGROUND: A basic tenet of palliative care is interprofessional collaboration. Palliative care educators and practitioners lead the way in responding to the Institute of Medicine's (2003) challenge to transform educational and health care systems through interprofessional collaboration. Through exemplary commitment to interprofessional collaboration, a college's academic and palliative care leader, in collaboration with Department Chairs and Directors of nursing and allied health professions, can illustrate and analyze the processes of interprofessional collaboration through the development of a simulated case study of a combat veteran with traumatic brain injury...
March 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843637/critically-ill-patients-with-cancer-chances-and-limitations-of-intensive-care-medicine-a-narrative-review
#20
REVIEW
Peter Schellongowski, Wolfgang R Sperr, Philipp Wohlfarth, Paul Knoebl, Werner Rabitsch, Herbert H Watzke, Thomas Staudinger
This narrative review deals with the challenge of defining adequate therapy goals and intensive care unit (ICU) admission criteria for critically ill patients with cancer. Several specific complications of critically ill patients with cancer require close collaborations of intensive care and cancer specialists. Intensivists require a basic understanding of the pathophysiology, diagnosis and therapy of common cancer-specific problems. Cancer specialists must be knowledgeable in preventing, detecting and treating imminent or manifest organ failures...
2016: ESMO Open
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