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Müller's superior sympathetic tarsal muscle

F van der Werf, B Baljet, M Prins, A Timmerman, J A Otto
PURPOSE: The retrograde transport of wheat germ agglutinin-horseradish peroxidase (WGA/HRP) was used to study the localization of the neurons that innervate the superior tarsal muscle in the cynomolgus monkey. METHODS: A 5-10% WGA-HRP solution was applied to the medial part of the superior tarsal muscle. Seventy-two hours later, the animals were killed and perfused with fixative. RESULTS: The WGA-HRP-labeled neurons were localized in the ipsilateral trigeminal ganglion, the ipsilateral pterygopalatine ganglion, and the ipsilateral superior cervical ganglion...
June 1993: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
C Beard
Müller's superior tarsal muscle has been extensively studied by anatomists and physiologists but has been largely ignored by surgeons. This muscle is considered from the standpoint of both gross and finer anatomy. Concepts regarding the uncertain course of its sympathetic nerve supply fibers are reviewed, and "semi-conclusions" are given. The physiology of the muscle, both normal and pathological, is considered in view of both accepted and controversial concepts. Methods of weakening an overactive Müller's muscle medically and surgically are discussed...
April 1985: Annals of Plastic Surgery
A M Putterman, D R Fett
Müller's muscle is a sympathetically innervated muscle that can be resected to treat upper eyelid ptosis. Candidates for the ptosis procedure are those whose upper lids elevate to a normal level following instillation of phenylephrine hydrochloride drops into their upper ocular fornix. A specially designed clamp is applied to 6.5 to 9.5 mm of conjunctiva and Müller's muscle above the superior tarsal border. A suture is run distal to the clamp, connecting conjunctiva and Müller's muscle to the superior tarsal border; then, the tissues held in the clamp are resected...
June 1986: Ophthalmic Surgery
P N Manson, R B Lazarus, R Morgan, N Iliff
Fluorescent staining and fluorescent microscopy were used to evaluate the pathways which the sympathetic nerves followed to reach the smooth muscles of the eyelids. Selected structures from fresh orbits were removed, sectioned, and fluorescently stained utilizing glyoxylic acid. Photographic results from the fresh orbits showed fluorescence accompanying the oculomotor, trochlear, and abducent nerves and branches of the ophthalmic division of the trigeminal (lacrimal, supraorbital, and nasociliary) nerves. The eyelids exhibited intense fluorescence within the tarsus and throughout adjacent connective tissue...
July 1986: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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