keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Preoperative

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231649/optimal-timing-for-hemoglobin-concentration-determination-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-day-1-versus-day-2
#1
Mahdi Yacine Khalfaoui, Charles Godavitarne, Michael C P Wilkinson
Purpose: Postoperative hemoglobin (Hb) determination remains an essential parameter for quantifying blood loss following total knee replacement (TKR) surgery and guiding transfusion practice. In this study we aimed to ascertain the optimal timing for Hb determination postoperatively and assess its relationship to serum hematocrit (Hct). Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective cohort analysis of 61 consecutive patients undergoing preoperative, day 1 and day 2 Hb and Hct concentration determination following TKR surgery...
March 1, 2017: Knee Surgery & related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231375/predictors-of-adverse-events-after-neck-dissection-an-analysis-of-the-2006-2011-national-surgical-quality-improvement-program-nsqip-database
#2
Umang Jain, Jessica Somerville, Sujata Saha, Jon P Ver Halen, Anuja K Antony, Sandeep Samant, John Y Kim
While neck dissection is an important primary and adjunctive procedure in the treatment of head and neck cancer, there is a paucity of studies evaluating outcomes. A retrospective review of the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) database was performed to identify factors associated with adverse events (AEs) in patients undergoing neck dissection. A total of 619 patients were identified, using CPT codes specific to neck dissection. Of the 619 patients undergoing neck dissection, 142 (22.9%) experienced an AE within 30 days of the surgical procedure...
February 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231369/estimation-of-partitioning-of-airflow-in-septal-surgery-a-prospective-study-with-reference-to-the-nose-scale
#3
Indranil Sen, Mainak Dutta, Dibakar Haldar, Ramanuj Sinha
Improper patient selection for septal surgery often has been found to result in therapeutic failure, and there needs to be an objective assessment of nasal obstruction before the surgery and for postoperative follow-up that can be applied in the routine otolaryngology practice. The purpose of this study is to assess the usefulness of a cost-effective device for objective measurement of the nasal airway partitioning in selecting patients for septal surgery and for postoperative outcome evaluation. A hospital-based, prospective, observational study was carried out in a tertiary-care teaching institution involving 74 patients waiting for septal surgery...
February 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231036/aqueous-humor-penetration-and-biological-activity-of-moxifloxacin-0-5-ophthalmic-solution-alone-or-with-dexamethasone-0-1
#4
Rachel L R Gomes, Rodrigo Galvão Viana, Luiz Alberto S Melo, Alessandro Carvalho Cruz, Eunice Mayumi Suenaga, Kenneth R Kenyon, Mauro Campos
PURPOSE: To compare aqueous humor concentrations of topically applied moxifloxacin 0.5% ophthalmic solution alone or in combination with dexamethasone 0.1% and to correlate these concentrations with the minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) for common endophthalmitis-causing organisms. METHODS: Sixty-eight patients undergoing routine phacoemulsification with intraocular lens implantation received either moxifloxacin 0.5% alone or moxifloxacin 0.5% combined with dexamethasone...
March 2017: Journal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230605/microscopic-transnasal-transsphenoidal-surgery-for-pediatric-pituitary-adenomas
#5
Wei Jiao, Yimin Huang, Wei Sun, Ting Lei
Microscopic transnasal transsphenoidal surgery (MTTS) has been a time-confirmed effective treatment for pituitary adenomas; however, the data supporting its use in pediatric patients is limited. In this study, the authors summarize the authors' 5-year experience of pituitary adenomectomy via MTTS in a pediatric population. The authors retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 35 patients aged ≤18 years who underwent microscopic transnasal transsphenoidal approach for pituitary adenomas between January 2011 and December 2015...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230566/the-effect-of-preoperative-phenazopyridine-on-urinary-retention-following-midurethral-sling
#6
Omar Felipe Dueñas-Garcia, Tania Sierra, Erica Nicasio, Katherine Leung, Cynthia D Hall, Michael K Flynn
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of preoperative oral phenazopyridine on short-term voiding dysfunction in patients undergoing a retropubic midurethral sling. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study in subjects undergoing a retropubic midurethral sling comparing those who received preoperative oral phenazopyridine with those who did not. We included all women who underwent a retropubic midurethral sling without concomitant procedures under general anesthesia at our institution...
February 23, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230559/anti-tnf%C3%AE-treatment-after-surgical-resection-for-crohn-s-disease-is-effective-despite-previous-pharmacodynamic-failure
#7
Amit Assa, Jiri Bronsky, Kaija-Leena Kolho, Kristyna Zarubova, Tim de Meij, Oren Ledder, Margaret Sladek, Stephanie van Biervliet, Caterina Strisciuglio, Raanan Shamir
BACKGROUND: The outcome of patients with Crohn's disease who failed anti-tumor necrosis factor alpha (anti-TNFα) therapy despite adequate serum drug levels (pharmacodynamic failure) is unclear. We aimed to assess such pediatric patients who underwent intestinal resection and were re-treated with the same anti-TNFα agent postoperatively. METHODS: Pediatric patients with Crohn's disease who underwent intestinal resection and were treated with anti-TNFα agents postoperatively were assessed retrospectively...
February 22, 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230036/single-lumen-tracheal-ventilation-for-minimally-invasive-esophagectomy-in-patients-with-esophageal-cancer
#8
Yu Bai, Yi Zhou, Xi Hua Lu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to observe the efficacy and safety of single-lumen tracheal ventilation for esophageal cancer surgery. METHODS: Thirty-eight patients with esophageal carcinoma who prepared for minimally invasive esophagectomy were included in this study. All of the included 38 patients were received single-lumen tracheal ventilation. The arterial blood gas index was monitored through the operation procedure and recorded at four-time points: before induction (T0), at the end of chest operation (T1), at the end of the abdominal operation (T2), and 30 min after extubation (T3)...
December 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230009/effect-of-heat-sink-on-the-recurrence-of-small-malignant-hepatic-tumors-after-radiofrequency-ablation
#9
Zheng-Yu Lin, Guo-Lin Li, Jin Chen, Zhong-Wu Chen, Yi-Ping Chen, Sun-Zhi Lin
AIMS: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of heat sink on the recurrence of hepatic malignant tumors <3 cm after percutaneous radiofrequency ablation (RFA). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This study included 564 hepatic malignant tumors <3 cm in 381 patients. Preoperative images were used to determine whether these tumors were adjacent to vessels, and the diameter of adjacent vessels was measured. RFA was performed computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and ultrasound (US) guidance, and postoperative imaging follow-up was then conducted...
December 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230006/evaluation-of-the-safety-and-efficacy-of-percutaneous-radiofrequency-ablation-for-treating-multiple-breast-fibroadenoma
#10
Ping Li, Tang Xiao-Yin, Dan Cui, Jia-Chang Chi, Zhi Wang, Tao Wang, Xing-Xing Qi, Bo Zhai
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to evaluate the safety and efficacy of ultrasound (US)-guided percutaneous radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for multiple breast fibroadenoma as an alternative to surgical resection. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Sixty-five patients with multiple breast fibroadenoma accepted general anesthesia and US-guided percutaneous RFA in our hospital from September 2014 to January 2016. Contrast-enhanced US (CEUS) was used immediately after operation to determine whether the tumor was ablated completely...
December 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230003/risk-stratification-for-disease-progression-in-pt3-prostate-cancer-after-robot-assisted-radical-prostatectomy
#11
Jeong Hee Hong, Young Suk Kwon, Isaac Yi Kim
The aim of this study is to identify optimal patients for adjuvant radiation therapy (ART) in pT3 prostate cancer. The role of ART for patients with adverse pathologic features after radical prostatectomy (RP) has been demonstrated, but over- or under-treatment remains a significant concern. Two-hundred and five patients with pT3N0M0 who underwent robot-assisted RP without ART were analyzed. Multivariate Cox proportional regression analyses were used to identify predictors of biochemical recurrence (BCR) and clinical progression (CP)...
February 21, 2017: Asian Journal of Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229802/renal-transplant-in-patients-with-abnormal-bladder-impact-of-causes-on-graft-function-and-survival
#12
Baher M Salman, Ahmed I Hassan, Sultan M Sultan, Paul R Tophill, Ahmed M Halawa
OBJECTIVES: Successful kidney transplant depends partly on the normal physiologic functioning of the bladder, which involves effective urine storage and emptying. The bladder may become abnormal owing to various urologic and neuropathic disorders. Patients with abnormal bladders need careful management before and after transplant. In this study, we aimed to determine the outcomes of renal transplants in relation to various causes of abnormal bladder. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of 25 patients with abnormal bladder who received 30 renal transplants between 1990 and 2014...
February 23, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229801/successful-implantation-of-a-renal-allograft-with-quintuple-arteries-retrieved-from-a-living-donor
#13
Sunil Kumar, Nikhil Mahajan, Soham Dasgupta, Shivakumar Shankarrao Patil, Sarbpreet Singh, Deepesh Benjamin Kenwar, Manphool Singhal, Ashish Sharma, Anupam Lal, Mukut Minz
In renal transplant, multiple renal arteries in a donor require meticulous vascular reconstruction for successful allograft function in the recipient. Presence of more than 4 renal arteries is usually considered to be a relative contraindication for proceeding with renal donation. We report a living-donor renal transplant procedure where preoperative radiologic imaging of the donor showed 3 left renal arteries. Two additional arteries were identified intraoperatively. All 5 arteries were reconstructed during the back-table procedure, and the allograft was implanted in the recipient...
February 23, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229609/laparoscopic-treatment-of-hemorrhagic-meckel-diverticulum-after-diagnosis-with-wireless-capsule-endoscopy-and-double-balloon-enteroscopy
#14
Haibo Yu, Hongliang Song, Jing Cai
Meckel diverticulum (MD) is a common small intestinal malformation. The difficulty of MD with hemorrhage treatment lies in preoperative diagnosis. Wireless capsule endoscopy (WCE) and double-balloon enteroscopy (DBE) have been widely used to diagnose and treat diseases of the small intestine, but only rarely have they been used in combination to diagnose and treat bleeding MD. We successfully diagnosed and treated a patient with MD with hemorrhage with a combination of WCE, DBE, and laparoscopy. A 17-year-old man presented to the emergency room with hematochezia and was admitted for testing...
February 23, 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229608/usefulness-of-an-intra-gastric-balloon-before-bariatric-surgery
#15
Cristina Vicente, Luis Ramón Rábago, Alejandro Ortega, Marisa Arias, Jaime Vázquez Echarri
INTRODUCTION: There are only few reports regarding the use of intragastric-balloons (IGB®) to achieve weight loss and subsequently decrease surgical complications. In this study, we try to assess whether presurgery weight loss using IGB decreases the postsurgical mortality after bariatric surgery. METHODS: This is a prospective case-control study. We matched 1:1 by gender, age (± 10 y-o) and type of surgery (sleeve resection [LSG] or gastric bypass [LGBP]), matching cases (A) and controls (H, from a historic cohort)...
23, 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229552/h-pylori-as-a-predictor-of-marginal-ulceration-a-nationwide-analysis
#16
Allison R Schulman, Marwan S Abougergi, Christopher C Thompson
OBJECTIVE: Helicobacter pylori has been implicated as a risk factor for development of marginal ulceration following gastric bypass, although studies have been small and yielded conflicting results. This study sought to determine the relationship between H. pylori infection and development of marginal ulceration following bariatric surgery in a nationwide analysis. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study using the 2012 Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) database...
March 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229355/femoral-shaft-osteotomy-for-obligate-outward-rotation-due-to-scfe
#17
Peter M Stevens, Lucas Anderson, Bruce A MacWilliams
Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) is an adolescent disease that leads to retroversion of the femoral neck and shaft, relative to the head. Observing that patients with SCFE must walk with an outward foot progression angle and externally rotate the leg in order to flex the hip, we have been performing a femoral shaft rotational osteotomy wherein we rotate the lower femur 45° inward, relative to the upper femur. By correcting retroversion, our goal is to improve functional hip and knee motion, thereby mitigating the effects of SCFE impingement...
February 22, 2017: Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229315/the-utility-of-diagnostic-laparoscopy-in-post-bariatric-surgery-patients-with-chronic-abdominal-pain-of-unknown-etiology
#18
Mohammad Alsulaimy, Suriya Punchai, Fouzeyah A Ali, Matthew Kroh, Philip R Schauer, Stacy A Brethauer, Ali Aminian
PURPOSE: Chronic abdominal pain after bariatric surgery is associated with diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. The aim of this study was to evaluate the yield of laparoscopy as a diagnostic and therapeutic tool in post-bariatric surgery patients with chronic abdominal pain who had negative imaging and endoscopic studies. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on post-bariatric surgery patients who underwent laparoscopy for diagnosis and treatment of chronic abdominal pain at a single academic center...
February 22, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229271/new-pet-ct-criterion-for-nodal-staging-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-measurement-of-the-ratio-of-section-area-of-standard-uptake-values-%C3%A2-2-5-lymph-node-section-area
#19
Yoshitaro Saito, Kazuhiro Imai, Koichi Ishiyama, Hajime Saito, Satoru Motoyama, Yusuke Sato, Hayato Konno, Satoshi Fujishima, Manabu Hashimoto, Yoshihiro Minamiya
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to use surgical and histological results to develop a simple noninvasive technique for improving nodal staging using preoperative PET/CT in patients with resectable non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS: Preoperative PET/CT findings (163 patients) and pathological diagnoses after surgical resection were evaluated. Using PET/CT images, lymph node section area (SA), the maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax), SA of SUV ≥2...
February 23, 2017: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229270/should-the-annulus-be-fixed-in-aortic-valve-sparing-root-replacement-with-remodeling
#20
Kojiro Furukawa, Keiji Kamohara, Junji Yunoki, Shugo Koga, Manabu Itoh, Hiroyuki Morokuma, Yosuke Mukae, Tsuyoshi Itoh, Shigeki Morita
OBJECTIVES: If the aortic root dilates after native aortic valve-sparing root reconstruction with remodeling, aortic regurgitation may recur. However, it has not been demonstrated clearly that the aortic root dilates after remodeling. METHODS: This study enrolled 15 patients who underwent an aortic valve-sparing operation with remodeling (2002-2014) but without any ventriculo-aortic junction (VAJ) fixation. Technically, special care was taken to pass the sutures through the fibrous annulus...
February 22, 2017: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
keyword
keyword
58
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"