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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692078/-temporal-characteristics-of-soil-fertility-of-cropland-requisition-compensation-in-the-typical-region-of-yangtze-river-delta-china
#1
Zhi Chao Xui, Dong Sheng Yu, Yue Pan, Xi Yang Wang, Jing Jing Huang, Bo Sun
Based on the satellite image in 1984, 2000 and 2016, we analyzed the temporal and spatial variation of cropland requisition-compensation in Changshu City, Jiangsu Province. Based on ArcGIS and the data of soil samples, membership function with integrated fertility index were used to evaluate the soil fertility in 1984 and 2000, respectively. The overlay analysis had been used to reveal the characteristics of soil fertility of cropland requisition-compensation between the period of 1984 to 2000 and 2000 to 2016...
February 2018: Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao, the Journal of Applied Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692038/-interannual-changes-in-fish-community-structure-in-the-northern-part-of-the-coastal-waters-of-jiangsu-province-china-in-spring
#2
Jia Wo, Xiu Xia Mou, Bin Duo Xu, Ying Xue, Chong Liang Zhang, Yi Ping Ren
Based on the data collected from the bottom trawl surveys in the coastal waters of northern Jiangsu Province from 2009 to 2014, multivariate statistical analysis and other integrated indices were used to analyze the variation in the community structure of fish assemblage over time in the waters. The results showed that 68 species had been caught in the coastal waters of northern Jiangsu Province. There were significant fluctuations in the relative density of fish resources. The mean catch mass per site ranged from 0...
January 2018: Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao, the Journal of Applied Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691919/impact-of-different-assumptions-on-estimates-of-childhood-diseases-obtained-from-health-care-data-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#3
Osemeke U Osokogu, Alexandra Pacurariu, Mees Mosseveld, Peter Rijnbeek, Daniel Weibel, Katia Verhamme, Miriam C J M Sturkenboom
PURPOSE: Accurate estimates of disease incidence in children are required to support pediatric drug development. Analysis of electronic health care records (EHR) may yield such estimates but pediatric-specific methods are lacking. We aimed to understand the impact of assumptions regarding duration of disease episode and length of run-in period on incidence estimates from EHRs. METHODS: Children aged 0 to 17 years (5-17 years for asthma) registered in the Integrated Primary Care Information database between 2002 and 2014 were studied...
April 24, 2018: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691813/comparison-of-healing-of-full-thickness-skin-wounds-grafted-with-multidirectional-or-unidirectional-autologous-artificial-dermis-differential-delivery-of-healing-biomarkers
#4
M R Fontanilla, S Casadiegos, R H Bustos, M A Patarroyo
Cytokines, chemokines, and growth and remodeling factors orchestrate wound healing when skin damage occurs. During early stages, when the wound is still open, detection and quantification of these compounds might provide biomarkers of skin wound healing, which could aid to complete the scenario provided by clinical follow-up data and histological and histomorphometric analyses. This work assessed and compared the healing of full-thickness skin wounds grafted with artificial dermis made with autologous skin fibroblasts and unidirectional or multidirectional type I collagen scaffolds to test this hypothesis...
April 24, 2018: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691712/gc-formula-see-text-nmf-a-novel-matrix-factorization-framework-for-gene-phenotype-association-prediction
#5
Yaogong Zhang, Jiahui Liu, Xiaohu Liu, Yuxiang Hong, Xin Fan, Yalou Huang, Yuan Wang, Maoqiang Xie
Gene-phenotype association prediction can be applied to reveal the inherited basis of human diseases and facilitate drug development. Gene-phenotype associations are related to complex biological processes and influenced by various factors, such as relationship between phenotypes and that among genes. While due to sparseness of curated gene-phenotype associations and lack of integrated analysis of the joint effect of multiple factors, existing applications are limited to prediction accuracy and potential gene-phenotype association detection...
April 24, 2018: Interdisciplinary Sciences, Computational Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691711/biomechanics-and-mechanical-signaling-in-the-ovary-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Jaimin S Shah, Reem Sabouni, Kamaria C Cayton Vaught, Carter M Owen, David F Albertini, James H Segars
PURPOSE: Mammalian oogenesis and folliculogenesis share a dynamic connection that is critical for gamete development. For maintenance of quiescence or follicular activation, follicles must respond to soluble signals (growth factors and hormones) and physical stresses, including mechanical forces and osmotic shifts. Likewise, mechanical processes are involved in cortical tension and cell polarity in oocytes. Our objective was to examine the contribution and influence of biomechanical signaling in female mammalian gametogenesis...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691244/cross-sectional-study-on-the-prevalence-and-predictors-of-pregnancy-among-women-living-in-hiv-discordant-relationships-in-a-rural-rakai-cohort-uganda
#7
Lydia Jacenta Nakiganda, Anette Agardh, Benedict Oppong Asamoah
OBJECTIVES: This study examines the prevalence of pregnancy in serodiscordant couples and identifies predictors associated with pregnancy in rural Rakai, Uganda. STUDY DESIGN: A population-based cross-sectional study that used data from the Rakai Community Cohort Study (RCCS). SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: We used data from the RCCS survey round 17 (2015-2016), which included 488 women in serodiscordant relationships. This study was conducted in Rakai district, located in south-western Uganda...
April 24, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691221/small-ncrna-seq-results-of-human-tissues-variations-depending-on-sample-integrity
#8
Nicole Ludwig, Tobias Fehlmann, Valentina Galata, Andre Franke, Christina Backes, Eckart Meese, Andreas Keller
BACKGROUND: Although mature miRNAs are relatively stable in vivo, RNA degradation can have a substantial influence on small noncoding RNA (sncRNA) profiles. METHODS: Using different tissue storage conditions and RNA isolation procedures, we analyzed the integrity and quality of RNA isolates from human lung and heart tissues. We sequenced a total of 64 RNA samples and quantified the effect of RNA degradation, DNA contamination, and other confounding factors on the sncRNA-seq data...
April 24, 2018: Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691212/utilization-of-a-clinical-trial-management-system-for-the-whole-clinical-trial-process-as-an-integrated-database-system-development
#9
Yu Rang Park, Young Jo Yoon, HaYeong Koo, Soyoung Yoo, Chang-Min Choi, Sung-Ho Beck, Tae Won Kim
BACKGROUND: Clinical trials pose potential risks in both communications and management due to the various stakeholders involved when performing clinical trials. The academic medical center has a responsibility and obligation to conduct and manage clinical trials while maintaining a sufficiently high level of quality, therefore it is necessary to build an information technology system to support standardized clinical trial processes and comply with relevant regulations. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to address the challenges identified while performing clinical trials at an academic medical center, Asan Medical Center (AMC) in Korea, by developing and utilizing a clinical trial management system (CTMS) that complies with standardized processes from multiple departments or units, controlled vocabularies, security, and privacy regulations...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691211/developing-a-third-party-analytics-application-using-australia-s-national-personal-health-records-system-case-study
#10
Niranjan Bidargaddi, Yasmin van Kasteren, Peter Musiat, Michael Kidd
BACKGROUND: My Health Record (MyHR) is Australia's national electronic health record (EHR) system. Poor usability and functionality have resulted in low utility, affecting enrollment and participation rates by both patients and clinicians alike. Similar to apps on mobile phone app stores, innovative third-party applications of MyHR platform data can enhance the usefulness of the platform, but there is a paucity of research into the processes involved in developing third-party applications that integrate and use data from EHR systems...
April 24, 2018: JMIR Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691209/experiences-of-general-practitioners-and-practice-support-staff-using-a-health-and-lifestyle-screening-app-in-primary-health-care-implementation-case-study
#11
Marianne Julie Webb, Greg Wadley, Lena Amanda Sanci
BACKGROUND: Technology-based screening of young people for mental health disorders and health compromising behaviors in general practice increases the disclosure of sensitive health issues and improves patient-centered care. However, few studies investigate how general practitioners (GPs) and practice support staff (receptionists and practice managers) integrate screening technology into their routine work, including the problems that arise and how the staff surmount them. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the implementation of a health and lifestyle screening app, Check Up GP, for young people aged 14 to 25 years attending an Australian general practice...
April 24, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691201/identifying-unmet-treatment-needs-for-patients-with-osteoporotic-fracture-feasibility-study-for-an-electronic-clinical-surveillance-system
#12
Fong-Ci Lin, Chen-Yu Wang, Rung Ji Shang, Fei-Yuan Hsiao, Mei-Shu Lin, Kuan-Yu Hung, Jui Wang, Zhen-Fang Lin, Feipei Lai, Li-Jiuan Shen, Chih-Fen Huang
BACKGROUND: Traditional clinical surveillance relied on the results from clinical trials and observational studies of administrative databases. However, these studies not only required many valuable resources but also faced a very long time lag. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to illustrate a practical application of the National Taiwan University Hospital Clinical Surveillance System (NCSS) in the identification of patients with an osteoporotic fracture and to provide a high reusability infrastructure for longitudinal clinical data...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691197/a-community-pharmacy-intervention-for-opioid-medication-misuse-a-pilot-randomized-clinical-trial
#13
Gerald Cochran, Craig Field, Jordan Karp, Amy L Seybert, Qi Chen, Whitney Ringwald, Valerie Hruschak, Sunita Chickering, Joelle Kincman, Amanda Jaber, Ralph Tarter
OBJECTIVES: Community pharmacy continues to play a crucial role in the national response to the opioid epidemic. The purpose of this article is to describe the protocol for a pilot study that is examining the feasibility and acceptability of the Motivational Intervention-Medication Therapy Management (MI-MTM) model. This study also examines the preliminary clinical effect of MI-MTM for improving opioid medication misuse and patient activation in self-management of health conditions that increase risk for misuse...
April 21, 2018: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690964/ultrasound-predictability-of-lower-uterine-segment-cesarean-section-scar-thickness
#14
Shazia Tazion, Maimoona Hafeez, Rukhsana Manzoor, Tashhir Rana
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to find out association between scar thickness, assessed sonographically, and intraoperative findings (IOF). STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Sharif Medical and Dental College, Lahore, from June 2016 to April 2017. METHODOLOGY: A total of 70 pregnant patients were included in this study. Transabdominal ultrasound was done for scarred uteri...
May 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690941/could-local-integration-of-health-and-social-care-finally-overcome-the-pull-to-the-centre
#15
Anna Dixon
There are several advantages of Bevan's design, such as progressive funding through taxation and equity of access regardless of income, that we must not lose sight of as we celebrate the NHS's (National Health Service) 70th birthday. However, there remain historical fault-lines dividing health and social care. The challenge is how to preserve equity if a more radical reform were implemented to fully integrate both the funding and delivery of health and social care. Funding from national taxation with defined entitlements could preserve both equity in funding and geographical equity...
April 25, 2018: Health Economics, Policy, and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690887/relational-spirituality-and-quality-of-life-2007-to-2017-an-integrative-research-review
#16
REVIEW
Victor Counted, Adam Possamai, Tanya Meade
BACKGROUND: Despite the increasing number of evidence-based research on relational spirituality (RS) and quality of life (QoL) in medical-health research, little is known about the links between RS and QoL outcomes and the mechanisms by which RS aspects are functionally tied to QoL. OBJECTIVE: To determine how RS is perceived/positioned in relation to QoL, we (a) examined recent available data that identify and appraise the links between RS and QoL; (b) identified themes emerging from the association between RS and QoL, and (c) discussed the implications of the effects of RS on QoL outcomes...
April 24, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690793/clinical-implementation-of-pharmacogenetic-decision-support-tools-for-antidepressant-drug-prescribing
#17
Zane Zeier, Linda L Carpenter, Ned H Kalin, Carolyn I Rodriguez, William M McDonald, Alik S Widge, Charles B Nemeroff
The accrual and analysis of genomic sequencing data have identified specific genetic variants that are associated with major depressive disorder. Moreover, substantial investigations have been devoted to identifying gene-drug interactions that affect the response to antidepressant medications by modulating their pharmacokinetic or pharmacodynamic properties. Despite these advances, individual responses to antidepressants, as well as the unpredictability of adverse side effects, leave clinicians with an imprecise prescribing strategy that often relies on trial and error...
April 25, 2018: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690526/data-decomposition-techniques-with-multi-scale-permutation-entropy-calculations-for-bearing-fault-diagnosis
#18
Muhammad Naveed Yasir, Bong-Hwan Koh
This paper presents the local mean decomposition (LMD) integrated with multi-scale permutation entropy (MPE), also known as LMD-MPE, to investigate the rolling element bearing (REB) fault diagnosis from measured vibration signals. First, the LMD decomposed the vibration data or acceleration measurement into separate product functions that are composed of both amplitude and frequency modulation. MPE then calculated the statistical permutation entropy from the product functions to extract the nonlinear features to assess and classify the condition of the healthy and damaged REB system...
April 21, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690380/checklist-of-the-dragonflies-odonata-of-iran-with-new-records-and-notes-on-distribution-and-taxonomy
#19
Thomas Schneider, Dietmar Ikemeyer, Ole MÜller, Henri J Dumont
Iran has a complex dragonfly fauna influenced by contacts and overlaps of different geographical zones. Its fauna is dominated by Eurosiberian taxa. However, the SE Province Sistãn-va-Baluchestãn is rich in oriental species, many of which having their western distribution limit in Iran. In NE-Iran, Irano-Turanian elements live and in the S- and SW-Iran African species are found. The Iranian Odonata fauna seems well studied, however, a closer look reveals many uncertainties and confusion, some records coming clearly from misidentification whereas other, which were missing proofs of correct identification remains to be confirmed...
March 12, 2018: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690191/taxonomic-changes-and-description-of-two-new-species-for-the-phyllodactylus-lanei-complex-gekkota-phyllodactylidae-in-mexico
#20
Tonatiuh RamÍrez-Reyes, Oscar Flores-Villela
An integrative taxonomy approach was implemented based on analysis of genetic, phylogenetic, morphological and ecological data to identify the cryptic diversity within the Phyllodactylus lanei complex. At least six species can be identified, of which four are currently considered subspecies: Phyllodactylus lanei, Phyllodactylus rupinus, Phyllodactylus isabelae, Phyllodactylus lupitae and two corresponding to undescribed taxa, which are identified and described in this contribution. These differ from other Mexican geckos in several characters: genetic distance (DNAmt), position in molecular phylogeny (concatened data DNAmt+DNAnu), species tree, morphological characters such as snout-vent length, longitudinal scales, tubercles from head to tail, interorbital scales, scales across venter, third labial-snout scales and rows of tubercles across dorsum; there are also differences in their bioclimatic profiles (temperature and precipitation) and geographical distribution...
April 10, 2018: Zootaxa
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