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Colon and rectal cancers

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100999/colorectal-cancer-associated-with-streptococcus-anginosus-bacteremia-and-liver-abscesses
#1
Umair Masood, Anuj Sharma, Dhruv Lowe, Rashad Khan, Divey Manocha
Streptococcus anginosus is part of the normal flora of the human gastrointestinal tract. Their ability to cause abscesses is very unique and sets them apart from the rest of the streptococci groups. While an association of group D streptococcus bacteremia and endocarditis with colorectal carcinoma is well established, S. anginosus infections are rarely implicated with colonic malignancy. We present a case of a 62-year-old male who presented to the hospital with fatigue and generalized abdominal pain. Computed tomography of the abdomen revealed multiple liver abscesses and rectal thickening...
September 2016: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099070/laparoscopic-rectal-dissection-assisted-by-transanal-endoluminal-videoendoscopy-through-a-blunt-tip-trocar
#2
Emanuele Asti, Andrea Lovece, Luigi Bonavina
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Laparoscopic resection is a well-established approach for colorectal cancer surgery. In patients with rectal cancer treated by neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy, it may be difficult to identify a clear safety margin for endostapling and subsequent anastomosis. We designed an innovative technical approach to assist colorectal anastomosis in these patients. TECHNIQUE: A four-trocar laparoscopic approach is used. After exploration of the abdominal cavity, the left colic flexure is completely mobilized...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097468/outcomes-of-primary-colorectal-sarcoma-a-national-cancer-data-base-ncdb-review
#3
Cornelius A Thiels, John R Bergquist, Adam C Krajewski, Hee Eun Lee, Heidi Nelson, Kellie L Mathis, Elizabeth B Habermann, Robert R Cima
INTRODUCTION: Primary colorectal sarcomas are a rare entity with anecdotally poor outcomes. We sought to inform surgeons, oncologists, and researchers of the characteristics and outcomes of these understudied and difficult-to-manage tumors. METHODS: The National Cancer Data Base (NCDB) was queried for patients with pathologically confirmed primary sarcoma of the colon or rectum (1998-2012). Gastrointestinal stromal tumors were excluded. Unadjusted overall survival was reported using the Kaplan-Meier method...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097082/a-review-of-colorectal-cancer-detection-modalities-stool-dna-and-fecal-immunochemistry-testing-in-adults-over-the-age-of-50
#4
REVIEW
Tyler Janz, Karen Lu, Michael R Povlow, Brittany Urso
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third leading cause of cancer death in the United States. Recently, more focus has been placed on developing effective screening tools to detect the presence of both precancerous and cancerous lesions present in the colon and rectum. Colonoscopy has been well established as the gold standard of the colon and rectal cancer screening. However, not all patients are willing to undergo a colonoscopy due to the procedure's invasive nature. Non-invasive screening methods have been developed to appeal to patients who refuse colonoscopy...
December 16, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091607/perceived-stress-and-colorectal-cancer-incidence-the-japan-collaborative-cohort-study
#5
Norimasa Kikuchi, Takeshi Nishiyama, Takayuki Sawada, Chaochen Wang, Yingsong Lin, Yoshiyuki Watanabe, Akiko Tamakoshi, Shogo Kikuchi
Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer worldwide, and many risk factors for colorectal cancer have been established. However, it remains uncertain whether psychological stress contributes to the onset of colorectal cancer. Therefore, we conducted a large-scale prospective cohort study to confirm the association between perceived stress and colorectal cancer incidence. We identified 680 cases of colon cancer and 330 cases of rectal cancer during a maximum of 21-year follow-up of 61,563 Japanese men and women...
January 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087988/cpg-island-methylator-phenotype-is-an-independent-predictor-of-survival-after-curative-resection-for-colorectal-cancer-a-prospective-cohort-study
#6
Chang Hyun Kim, Jung Wook Huh, Hyeong Rok Kim, Young Jin Kim
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The CpG island methylator phenotype (CIMP) is found in approximately 30% of colorectal cancer (CRC) cases. However, the role of CIMP status in predicting oncologic outcomes in curatively resected CRC is still unclear. STUDY: Between January 2006 and December 2006, we retrospectively reviewed 157 consecutive patients who underwent curative surgery for CRC. Prognostic significance of CIMP status was evaluated using reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction...
January 14, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078646/mucosal-healing-in-ulcerative-colitis-a-comprehensive-review
#7
REVIEW
Pedro Boal Carvalho, José Cotter
Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease characterized by periods of remission and periods of relapse. Patients often present with symptoms such as rectal bleeding, diarrhea and weight loss, and may require hospitalization and even colectomy. Long-term complications of UC include decreased quality of life and productivity and an increased risk of colorectal cancer. Mucosal healing (MH) has gained progressive importance in the management of UC patients. In this article, we review the endoscopic findings that define both mucosal injury and MH, and the strengths and limitations of the scoring systems currently available in clinical practice...
January 11, 2017: Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077427/serum-trimethylamine-n-oxide-carnitine-choline-and-betaine-in-relation-to-colorectal-cancer-risk-in-the-alpha-tocopherol-and-beta-carotene-study
#8
Kristin A Guertin, Xinmin S Li, Barry I Graubard, Demetrius Albanes, Stephanie J Weinstein, James J Goedert, Zeneng Wang, Stanley L Hazen, Rashmi Sinha
BACKGROUND: TMAO, a choline-derived metabolite produced by gut microbiota, and its biomarker precursors have not been adequately evaluated in relation to colorectal cancer risk. METHODS: We investigated the relationship between serum concentrations of TMAO and its biomarker precursors (choline, carnitine and betaine) and incident colorectal cancer risk in a nested case-control study of male smokers in the Alpha-Tocopherol, Beta-Carotene Cancer Prevention (ATBC) Study...
January 11, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077144/intraoperative-radiation-therapy-for-colon-and-rectal-cancers-a-clinical-review
#9
REVIEW
Michael G Haddock
Although there have been significant advances in the adjuvant therapy of colorectal cancer, results for patients have historically been poor when complete resection is unlikely or not possible. Similarly, locally recurrent colorectal cancer patients often experience significant tumor related morbidity and disease control and long term survival have historically been poor with standard therapies. Intraoperative radiation therapy (IORT) has been proposed as a possible tool for dose escalation in patients with locally advanced colorectal cancer...
January 11, 2017: Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073766/a-comprehensive-model-of-colorectal-cancer-by-risk-factor-status-and-subsite-using-data-from-the-nurses-health-study
#10
Esther K Wei, Graham A Colditz, Edward L Giovannucci, Kana Wu, Robert J Glynn, Charles S Fuchs, Meir Stampfer, Walter Willett, Shuji Ogino, Bernard Rosner
We expanded and updated our colon cancer risk model to evaluate colorectal cancer (CRC) and whether subsite-specific risk models are warranted. Using data from 1980-2010 for 90,286 women enrolled in the Nurses' Health Study, we performed competing-risks regression and tests for subsite heterogeneity (proximal colon: n = 821; distal colon: n = 521; rectum: n = 376). Risk factors for CRC were consistent with those in our colon cancer model. Processed meat consumption was associated with a higher risk of distal (hazard ratio (HR) = 1...
January 9, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068245/ku70-ku80-and-sclusterin-a-cluster-of-predicting-factors-for-response-to-neoadjuvant-chemoradiation-therapy-in-patients-with-locally-advanced-rectal-cancer
#11
Sabina Pucci, Chiara Polidoro, Alessandro Joubert, Francesca Mastrangeli, Barbara Tolu, Michaela Benassi, Valeria Fiaschetti, Laura Greco, Roberto Miceli, Roberto Floris, Giuseppe Novelli, Augusto Orlandi, Riccardo Santoni
PURPOSE: The identification of predictive biomarkers for neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy (CRT) is a current clinical need. The heterodimer Ku70/80 plays a critical role in DNA repair and cell death induction after damage. The aberrant expression and localization of these proteins fail to control DNA repair and apoptosis. sClusterin is the Ku70 partner that sterically inhibits Bax-dependent cell death after damage in some pathologic conditions. This study sought to evaluate the molecular relevance of Ku70-Ku80-Clu as a molecular cluster predicting the response to neoadjuvant CRT in patients with locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC)...
February 1, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065664/racial-differences-in-stage-iv-colorectal-cancer-survival-in-younger-and-older-patients
#12
Kristin Wallace, Allan DeToma, David N Lewin, Shaoli Sun, Don Rockey, Carolyn D Britten, Jennifer D Wu, Aissatou Ba, Anthony J Alberg, Elizabeth G Hill
INTRODUCTION: African Americans (AAs) compared with European Americans (EAs) have poorer stage-specific survival from colorectal cancer (CRC). Recent reports have indicated that the racial difference in survival has worsened over time, especially among younger patients. To better characterize this association, we used population-based Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results registry data to evaluate the effect of race on stage IV CRC survival in patients aged < 50 and ≥ 50 years...
December 7, 2016: Clinical Colorectal Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061442/genetic-variants-in-the-tgf%C3%AE-signaling-pathway-influence-expression-of-mirnas-in-colon-and-rectal-normal-mucosa-and-tumor-tissue
#13
Martha L Slattery, Andromahi Trivellas, Andrew J Pellatt, Lila E Mullany, John R Stevens, Roger K Wolff, Jennifer S Herrick
The TGF-β signaling pathway is involved in regulation of cell growth, angiogenesis, and metastasis. We test the hypothesis that genetic variation in the TGF-β signaling pathway alters miRNA expression.We use data from 1188 colorectal cancer cases to evaluate associations between 80 SNPs in 21 genes.Seven variants eIF4E rs12498533, NFκB1 rs230510, TGFB1 rs4803455, TGFBR1 rs1571590 and rs6478974, SMAD3 rs3743343, and RUNX1 rs8134179 were associated with expression level of miRNAs in normal colorectal mucosa...
January 5, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055110/survivorship-after-lower-gastrointestinal-cancer-patient-reported-outcomes-and-planning-for-care
#14
Melissa A Frick, Carolyn C Vachani, Margaret K Hampshire, Christina Bach, Karen Arnold-Korzeniowski, James M Metz, Christine E Hill-Kayser
BACKGROUND: There is significant need for quality follow-up care to optimize long-term outcomes for the growing population of lower gastrointestinal (GI) cancer survivors. Patient-reported outcomes (PROs) provide valuable information regarding late and long-term effects (LLTEs). METHODS: A convenience sample from 1129 colon, rectal, and anal cancer survivors (n = 792; 218, and 119, respectively) who participated in an Internet-based survivorship care plan (SCP) tool between May 2010 and October 2014 was used to examine patient-reported demographics, treatment, and toxicity data...
January 5, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053552/diet-and-lifestyle-factors-associated-with-mirna-expression-in-colorectal-tissue
#15
Martha L Slattery, Jennifer S Herrick, Lila E Mullany, John R Stevens, Roger K Wolff
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-protein-coding RNA molecules that regulate gene expression. Diet and lifestyle factors have been hypothesized to be involved in the regulation of miRNA expression. In this study it was hypothesized that diet and lifestyle factors are associated with miRNA expression. Data from 1,447 cases of colorectal cancer to evaluate 34 diet and lifestyle variables using miRNA expression in normal colorectal mucosa as well as for differential expression between paired carcinoma and normal tissue were used...
2017: Pharmacogenomics and Personalized Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044213/polymorphisms-of-mthfr-c677t-and-a1298c-associated-with-survival-in-patients-with-colorectal-cancer-treated-with-5-fluorouracil-based-chemotherapy
#16
Chih-Ching Yeh, Ching-Yu Lai, Shih-Ni Chang, Ling-Ling Hsieh, Reiping Tang, Fung-Chang Sung, Yi-Kuei Lin
BACKGROUND: This study examined the association between methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) polymorphisms and survival of patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) treated with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)-based chemotherapy in Taiwan. METHODS: We genotyped MTHFR polymorphisms C677T (rs1801133) and A1298C (rs1801131) for 498 CRC patients treated with 5-FU-based chemotherapy after receiving surgery. Survival analyses on MTHFR polymorphisms were performed using log-rank test and Kaplan-Meier curve...
January 2, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035252/signet-ring-colorectal-carcinoma-do-we-need-to-improve-the-treatment-algorithm
#17
Anup Sunil Tamhankar, Parag Ingle, Reena Engineer, Munita Bal, Vikas Ostwal, Avanish Saklani
AIM: To elaborate about this peculiar variant from a tertiary cancer center from India. METHODS: It's a retrospective study (2011-2014) of all patients diagnosed with signet ring colo-rectal cancer (SRCC). Various clinico-pathological variables were studied. RESULTS: One hundred and seventy consecutive patients with SRCC were diagnosed (11.4% of all colorectal cancers). Median Age of the cohort was 41 years. Most common location was recto-sigmoid area (54...
December 15, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031717/association-between-tlr-9-polymorphisms-and-colon-cancer-susceptibility-in-saudi-arabian-female-patients
#18
Abdelhabib Semlali, Narasimha Reddy Parine, Abdullah Al Amri, Arezki Azzi, Maha Arafah, Muhammad Kohailan, Jilani P Shaik, Majid Abdulrahman Almadi, Abdulrahman M Aljebreen, Othman Alharbi, Nahla Ali Azzam, Mahmoud Rouabhia, Mohammad Saud Alanazi
OBJECTIVE: The authors aimed to explore the relationship between the expression/polymorphisms of TLR-9 and susceptibility to colon cancer development in the Saudi Arabian population. METHODS: In total, blood samples from 115 patients with colon cancer and 102 participants without colon cancer were analyzed in this study. Three single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were selected from the TLR-9 gene, including two sites within the TLR-9 gene's promoter region (rs352144 and rs187084) and one site in a TLR-9 intron region (rs5743839)...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025763/helicobacter-pylori-infection-is-an-independent-risk-factor-for-colonic-adenomatous-neoplasms
#19
Ji Hyung Nam, Chang Won Hong, Byung Chang Kim, Aesun Shin, Kum Hei Ryu, Bum Joon Park, Bun Kim, Dae Kyung Sohn, Kyung Su Han, Jeongseon Kim, Chan Wha Lee
PURPOSE: Helicobacter pylori infection is considered to have a positive association with colorectal neoplasms. In this study, we evaluated the association between H. pylori infection and colorectal adenomas, based on the characteristics of these adenomas in Korea, where the prevalence of H. pylori infection is high and the incidence of colorectal cancer continues to increase. METHODS: The study cohort consisted of 4,466 subjects who underwent colonoscopy and esophagogastroduodenoscopy during screening (1,245 colorectal adenomas vs...
December 27, 2016: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018861/tissue-associated-bacterial-alterations-in-rectal-carcinoma-patients-revealed-by-16s-rrna-community-profiling
#20
Andrew M Thomas, Eliane C Jesus, Ademar Lopes, Samuel Aguiar, Maria D Begnami, Rafael M Rocha, Paola Avelar Carpinetti, Anamaria A Camargo, Christian Hoffmann, Helano C Freitas, Israel T Silva, Diana N Nunes, João C Setubal, Emmanuel Dias-Neto
Sporadic and inflammatory forms of colorectal cancer (CRC) account for more than 80% of cases. Recent publications have shown mechanistic evidence for the involvement of gut bacteria in the development of both CRC-forms. Whereas, colon and rectal cancer have been routinely studied together as CRC, increasing evidence show these to be distinct diseases. Also, the common use of fecal samples to study microbial communities may reflect disease state but possibly not the tumor microenvironment. We performed this study to evaluate differences in bacterial communities found in tissue samples of 18 rectal-cancer subjects when compared to 18 non-cancer controls...
2016: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
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