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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047384/enhancing-evidence-based-diabetes-and-chronic-disease-control-among-local-health-departments-a-multi-phase-dissemination-study-with-a-stepped-wedge-cluster-randomized-trial-component
#1
Renee G Parks, Rachel G Tabak, Peg Allen, Elizabeth A Baker, Katherine A Stamatakis, Allison R Poehler, Yan Yan, Marshall H Chin, Jenine K Harris, Maureen Dobbins, Ross C Brownson
BACKGROUND: The rates of diabetes and prediabetes in the USA are growing, significantly impacting the quality and length of life of those diagnosed and financially burdening society. Premature death and disability can be prevented through implementation of evidence-based programs and policies (EBPPs). Local health departments (LHDs) are uniquely positioned to implement diabetes control EBPPs because of their knowledge of, and focus on, community-level needs, contexts, and resources. There is a significant gap, however, between known diabetes control EBPPs and actual diabetes control activities conducted by LHDs...
October 18, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046222/a-social-network-analysis-of-the-goal-scoring-passing-networks-of-the-2016-european-football-championships
#2
Scott Mclean, Paul M Salmon, Adam D Gorman, Nicholas J Stevens, Colin Solomon
In the current study, social network analysis (SNA) and notational analysis (NA) methods were applied to examine the goal scoring passing networks (GSPN) for all goals scored at the 2016 European Football Championships. The aim of the study was to determine the GSPN characteristics for the overall tournament, between the group and knock out stages, and for the successful and unsuccessful teams. The study also used degree centrality (DC) metrics as a novel method to determine the relative contributions of the pitch locations involved in the GSPN...
October 16, 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045500/using-egocentric-analysis-to-investigate-professional-networks-and-productivity-of-graduate-students-and-faculty-in-life-sciences-in-japan-singapore-and-taiwan
#3
Noriko Hara, Hui Chen, Marcus Antonius Ynalvez
Prior studies showed that scientists' professional networks contribute to research productivity, but little work has examined what factors predict the formation of professional networks. This study sought to 1) examine what factors predict the formation of international ties between faculty and graduate students and 2) identify how these international ties would affect publication productivity in three East Asian countries. Face-to-face surveys and in-depth semi-structured interviews were conducted with a sample of faculty and doctoral students in life sciences at 10 research institutions in Japan, Singapore, and Taiwan...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044796/social-traits-social-networks-and-evolutionary-biology
#4
David N Fisher, Andrew G McAdam
The social environment is both an important agent of selection for most organisms, and an emergent property of their interactions. As an aggregation of interactions among members of a population, the social environment is a product of many sets of relationships, and so can be represented as a network or matrix. Social network analysis in animals has focused on why these networks possess the structure they do, and whether individuals' network traits, representing some aspect of their social phenotype, relate to their fitness...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034826/voice-of-the-clinician-the-case-of-an-australian-health-system
#5
Mark J Lock, Amber L Stephenson, Jill Branford, Jonathan Roche, Marissa S Edwards, Kathleen Ryan
Purpose The Voice of the Clinician project commenced during an era when practitioner burnout, dissatisfaction, and turnover became an increasingly global health workforce concern. One key problem is clinical staff not being empowered to voice their concerns to decision-makers, as was found in this case study of an Australian public health organization. The following research question informed the present study: What is a better committee system for clinician engagement in decision-making processes? The paper aims to discuss this issue...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033114/a-bibliometric-and-social-network-analysis-of-pelvic-organ-prolapse-during-2007-2016
#6
Feng Huang, Quan Zhou, Bing-Jie Leng, Qiao-Ling Mao, Li-Min Zheng, Man-Zhen Zuo
BACKGROUND: Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) seriously affects the life quality of old females. In the present work, we described the knowledge structure of POP in a macroscopic view, and summarized the recent research focus. METHODS: Candidates were identified through reading and screening publications from PubMed database with a MeSH term of "pelvic organ prolapse" during 2007-2016. Relevant journals and journal-affiliated countries were extracted, and essential information, such as the number of publication of each year, first authors and MeSH/subheading words, was analyzed with BICOMB...
October 9, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032310/building-addiction-recovery-capital-through-online-participation-in-a-recovery-community
#7
Ana-Maria Bliuc, David Best, Muhammad Iqbal, Katie Upton
RATIONALE: This study examines how online participation in a community of recovery contributes to personal journeys of recovery. It investigates whether recovery capital building - as indicated by increased levels and quality of online social interactions - and markers of positive identity development predict retention in a recovery program designed around fostering community involvement for early stage recovery addicts. HYPOTHESES: It was predicted that online participation on the group's Facebook page and positive identity development are associated to retention in the program...
September 30, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994101/when-to-choose-dynamic-versus-static-social-network-analysis
#8
Damien R Farine
1.There is increasing interest in using dynamic social networks in the study of animal sociality and its consequences. However, there is a general lack of guidance on the when and how such an approach will be valuable. 2.The aim of this paper is to provide a guide on when to choose dynamic versus static social network analysis, and how to choose the appropriate temporal scale for the dynamic network. 3.I first discuss the motivations for using dynamic animal social networks. I then provide guidance on how to choose between dynamic networks and the 'standard' approach of using static networks...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Animal Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991915/analysing-published-global-ebola-virus-disease-research-using-social-network-analysis
#9
Christiane Hagel, Felix Weidemann, Stephan Gauch, Suzanne Edwards, Peter Tinnemann
INTRODUCTION: The 2014/2015 West African Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreak attracted global attention. Numerous opinions claimed that the global response was impaired, in part because, the EVD research was neglected, although quantitative or qualitative studies did not exist. Our objective was to analyse how the EVD research landscape evolved by exploring the existing research network and its communities before and during the outbreak in West Africa. METHODS/ PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Social network analysis (SNA) was used to analyse collaborations between institutions named by co-authors as affiliations in publications on EVD...
October 9, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982657/personal-well-being-networks-social-capital-and-severe-mental-illness-exploratory-study
#10
Daryl Sweet, Richard Byng, Martin Webber, Doyo Gragn Enki, Ian Porter, John Larsen, Peter Huxley, Vanessa Pinfold
BackgroundConnectedness is a central dimension of personal recovery from severe mental illness (SMI). Research reports that people with SMI have lower social capital and poorer-quality social networks compared to the general population.AimsTo identify personal well-being network (PWN) types and explore additional insights from mapping connections to places and activities alongside social ties.MethodWe carried out 150 interviews with individuals with SMI and mapped social ties, places and activities and their impact on well-being...
October 5, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974190/-social-networks-of-children-with-mentally-ill-parents
#11
Maja Stiawa, Reinhold Kilian
Social Networks of Children with Mentally Ill Parents Mental illness of parents can be a load situation for children. Supporting social relations might be an important source in such a situation. Social relations can be shown by social network analysis. Studies about social networks and mental health indicate differences regarding structure and potential for support when compared with social networks of healthy individuals. If and how mental illness of parents has an impact on their children's network is widely unknown...
October 2017: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948746/-social-network-analysis-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-on-treatment-of-constipation
#12
Li-Dong Du, Jin-Hui Tian, Guo-Tai Wu, Ting-Hui Niu, Zhen-He Chen, Yuan Ren
The methods of literature metrology and data mining were used to study the research topics and social network analysis of traditional Chinese medicine for constipation. The major Chinese databases were searched to include the research studies of traditional Chinese medicine for constipation. BICOMS analysis software was used to extract and collect the main information and produce co-occurrence Matrix; gCLUTO software was used for cluster analysis. Data analysis was conducted by using SPSS 19.0 software. The results showed that the number of studies on traditional Chinese medicine for constipation was constantly increased, with two literature volume peaks respectively in 2003 and 2006...
January 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943999/measuring-site-fidelity-and-spatial-segregation-within-animal-societies
#13
Thomas O Richardson, Luca Giuggioli, Nigel R Franks, Ana B Sendova-Franks
Animals often display a marked tendency to return to previously visited locations that contain important resources, such as water, food, or developing brood that must be provisioned. A considerable body of work has demonstrated that this tendency is strongly expressed in ants, which exhibit fidelity to particular sites both inside and outside the nest. However, thus far many studies of this phenomena have taken the approach of reducing an animal's trajectory to a summary statistic, such as the area it covers...
August 2017: Methods in Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933939/a-social-network-analysis-of-the-financial-links-backing-health-and-fitness-apps
#14
Quinn Grundy, Fabian Held, Lisa Bero
OBJECTIVES: To identify the major stakeholders in mobile health app development and to describe their financial relationships using social network analysis. METHODS: We conducted a structured content analysis of a purposive sample of prominent health and fitness apps available in November 2015 in the United States, Canada, and Australia. We conducted a social network analysis of apps' developers, investors, other funding sources, and content advisors to describe the financial relationships underpinning health app development...
November 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928958/exploring-vietnamese-co-authorship-patterns-in-social-sciences-with-basic-network-measures-of-2008-2017-scopus-data
#15
Tung Manh Ho, Ha Viet Nguyen, Thu-Trang Vuong, Quang-Minh Dam, Hiep-Hung Pham, Quan-Hoang Vuong
Background: Collaboration is a common occurrence among Vietnamese scientists; however, insights into Vietnamese scientific collaborations have been scarce. On the other hand, the application of social network analysis in studying science collaboration has gained much attention all over the world. The technique could be employed to explore Vietnam's scientific community. Methods: This paper employs network theory to explore characteristics of a network of 412 Vietnamese social scientists whose papers can be found indexed in the Scopus database...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918464/what-s-next-in-complex-networks-capturing-the-concept-of-attacking-play-in-invasive-team-sports
#16
REVIEW
João Ramos, Rui J Lopes, Duarte Araújo
The evolution of performance analysis within sports sciences is tied to technology development and practitioner demands. However, how individual and collective patterns self-organize and interact in invasive team sports remains elusive. Social network analysis has been recently proposed to resolve some aspects of this problem, and has proven successful in capturing collective features resulting from the interactions between team members as well as a powerful communication tool. Despite these advances, some fundamental team sports concepts such as an attacking play have not been properly captured by the more common applications of social network analysis to team sports performance...
September 16, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914161/a-net-of-friends-investigating-friendship-by-integrating-attachment-theory-and-social-network-analysis
#17
Omri Gillath, Gery C Karantzas, Emre Selcuk
The current article focuses on attachment style-an individual difference widely studied in the field of close relationships-and its application to the study of social networks. Specifically, we investigated whether attachment style predicts perception and management of social networks. In Study 1, we examined the associations of attachment style with perceptions of network tie strength and multiplexity. In Studies 2a and 2b, we investigated the association between attachment style and network management skills (initiating, maintaining, and dissolving ties) and whether network management skills mediated the associations of attachment style with network tie strength and multiplexity...
July 1, 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914158/studying-positive-and-negative-direct-and-extended-contact-complementing-self-reports-with-social-network-analysis
#18
Ralf Wölfer, Eva Jaspers, Danielle Blaylock, Clarissa Wigoder, Joanne Hughes, Miles Hewstone
Traditionally, studies of intergroup contact have primarily relied on self-reports, which constitute a valid method for studying intergroup contact, but has limitations, especially if researchers are interested in negative or extended contact. In three studies, we apply social network analyses to generate alternative contact parameters. Studies 1 and 2 examine self-reported and network-based parameters of positive and negative contact using cross-sectional datasets ( N = 291, N = 258), indicating that both methods help explain intergroup relations...
July 1, 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906409/the-study-on-the-core-personality-trait-words-of-chinese-medical-university-students-based-on-social-network-analysis
#19
Ying Wu, Yunzhen Xue, Zhanling Xue
The medical university students in China whose school work is relatively heavy and educational system is long are a special professional group. Many students have psychological problems more or less. So, to understand their personality characteristics will provide a scientific basis for the intervention of psychological health.We selected top 30 personality trait words according to the order of frequency. Additionally, some methods such as social network analysis (SNA) and visualization technology of mapping knowledge domain were used in this study...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894427/hypernetworks-reveal-compound-variables-that-capture-cooperative-and-competitive-interactions-in-a-soccer-match
#20
João Ramos, Rui J Lopes, Pedro Marques, Duarte Araújo
The combination of sports sciences theorization and social networks analysis (SNA) has offered useful new insights for addressing team behavior. However, SNA typically represents the dynamics of team behavior during a match in dyadic interactions and in a single cumulative snapshot. This study aims to overcome these limitations by using hypernetworks to describe illustrative cases of team behavior dynamics at various other levels of analyses. Hypernetworks simultaneously access cooperative and competitive interactions between teammates and opponents across space and time during a match...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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