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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226776/a-journal-level-analysis-of-progress-in-transplantation
#1
Thomas Feeley, Seyoung Lee, Shin-Il Moon
CONTEXT: Citations to articles published in academic journals represent a proxy for influence in bibliometrics. OBJECTIVE: To measure the journal impact factor for Progress in Transplantation over time and to also identify related journals indexed in transplantation and surgery. DESIGN: Data from Journal Citation Reports (ISI web of science) were used to rank Progress in Transplantation compared to peer journals using journal impact and journal relatedness measures...
January 1, 2017: Progress in Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224844/social-management-of-laboratory-rhesus-macaques-housed-in-large-groups-using-a-network-approach-a-review
#2
Brenda McCowan, Brianne Beisner, Darcy Hannibal
Biomedical facilities across the nation and worldwide aim to develop cost-effective methods for the reproductive management of macaque breeding groups, typically by housing macaques in large, multi-male multi-female social groups that provide monkey subjects for research as well as appropriate socialization for their psychological well-being. One of the most difficult problems in managing socially housed macaques is their propensity for deleterious aggression. From a management perspective, deleterious aggression (as opposed to less intense aggression that serves to regulate social relationships) is undoubtedly the most problematic behavior observed in group-housed macaques, which can readily escalate to the degree that it causes social instability, increases serious physical trauma leading to group dissolution, and reduces psychological well-being...
December 7, 2017: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212730/hierarchical-social-networks-shape-gut-microbial-composition-in-wild-verreaux-s-sifaka
#3
Amanda C Perofsky, Rebecca J Lewis, Laura A Abondano, Anthony Di Fiore, Lauren Ancel Meyers
In wild primates, social behaviour influences exposure to environmentally acquired and directly transmitted microorganisms. Prior studies indicate that gut microbiota reflect pairwise social interactions among chimpanzee and baboon hosts. Here, we demonstrate that higher-order social network structure-beyond just pairwise interactions-drives gut bacterial composition in wild lemurs, which live in smaller and more cohesive groups than previously studied anthropoid species. Using 16S rRNA gene sequencing and social network analysis of grooming contacts, we estimate the relative impacts of hierarchical (i...
December 6, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208000/dynamics-behind-the-scale-up-of-evidence-based-obesity-prevention-protocol-for-a-multi-site-case-study-of-an-electronic-implementation-monitoring-system-in-health-promotion-practice
#4
Kathleen P Conte, Sisse Groen, Victoria Loblay, Amanda Green, Andrew Milat, Lina Persson, Christine Innes-Hughes, Jo Mitchell, Sarah Thackway, Mandy Williams, Penelope Hawe
BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of many interventions to promote health and prevent disease has been well established. The imperative has therefore shifted from amassing evidence about efficacy to scale-up to maximise population-level health gains. Electronic implementation monitoring, or 'e-monitoring', systems have been designed to assist and track the delivery of preventive policies and programs. However, there is little evidence on whether e-monitoring systems improve the dissemination, adoption, and ongoing delivery of evidence-based preventive programs...
December 6, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187623/skill-not-athleticism-predicts-individual-variation-in-match-performance-of-soccer-players
#5
REVIEW
Robbie S Wilson, Gwendolyn K David, Sean C Murphy, Michael J Angilletta, Amanda C Niehaus, Andrew H Hunter, Michelle D Smith
Just as evolutionary biologists endeavour to link phenotypes to fitness, sport scientists try to identify traits that determine athlete success. Both disciplines would benefit from collaboration, and to illustrate this, we used an analytical approach common to evolutionary biology to isolate the phenotypes that promote success in soccer, a complex activity of humans played in nearly every modern society. Using path analysis, we quantified the relationships among morphology, balance, skill, athleticism and performance of soccer players...
December 13, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181504/patient-sharing-networks-of-physicians-and-health-care-utilization-and-spending-among-medicare-beneficiaries
#6
Bruce E Landon, Nancy L Keating, Jukka-Pekka Onnela, Alan M Zaslavsky, Nicholas A Christakis, A James O'Malley
Importance: Physicians are embedded in informal networks in which they share patients, information, and behaviors. Objective: We examined the association between physician network properties and health care spending, utilization, and quality of care among Medicare beneficiaries. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this cross-sectional study, we applied methods from social network analysis to Medicare administrative data from 2006 to 2010 for an average of 3 761 223 Medicare beneficiaries per year seen by 40 241 physicians practicing in 51 hospital referral regions (HRRs) to identify networks of physicians linked by shared patients...
November 27, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158659/the-value-of-social-network-analysis-for-evaluating-academic-community-partnerships-and-collaborations-for-social-determinants-of-health-research
#7
Candace Forbes Bright, Eboni Edmonson Haynes, Danny Patterson, Maria Pisu
Objective: Community-based participatory research processes build healthy communities, as well as promote trust and genuine collaborative partnerships between stakeholders. Fostering relationships is essential to promoting these partnerships, which are necessary for collaborative, coordinated, and integrated efforts toward improving health outcomes in the community. The objective of our research was to demonstrate social network analysis as an evaluative tool to assess movement toward positive health outcomes through promoting relationships...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152819/the-application-of-systems-thinking-concepts-methods-and-tools-to-global-health-practices-an-analysis-of-case-studies
#8
Jessica Wilkinson, Morgan Goff, Evan Rusoja, Carl Hanson, Robert Chad Swanson
OBJECTIVES: This review of systems thinking (ST) case studies seeks to compile and analyse cases from ST literature and provide practitioners with a reference for ST in health practice. Particular attention was given to (1) reviewing the frequency and use of key ST terms, methods, and tools in the context of health, and (2) extracting and analysing longitudinal themes across cases. METHODS: A systematic search of databases was conducted, and a total of 36 case studies were identified...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150827/implications-of-tourist-macaque-interactions-for-disease-transmission
#9
Charlotte Carne, Stuart Semple, Ann MacLarnon, Bonaventura Majolo, Laëtitia Maréchal
During wildlife tourism, proximity or actual contact between people and animals may lead to a significant risk of anthropozoonotic disease transmission. In this paper, we use social network analysis, disease simulation modelling and data on animal health and behaviour to investigate such risks at a site in Morocco, where tourists come to see wild Barbary macaques (Macaca sylvanus). Measures of individual macaques' network centrality-an index of the strength and distribution of their social relationships and thus potentially their ability to spread disease-did not show clear and consistent relationships with their time spent in close proximity to, or rate of interacting with, tourists...
November 17, 2017: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122799/qualitative-study-to-understand-the-barriers-to-recruiting-young-people-with-cancer-to-brightlight-a-national-cohort-study-in-england
#10
Charlotte Kenten, Ana Martins, Lorna A Fern, Faith Gibson, Sarah Lea, Nothando Ngwenya, Jeremy S Whelan, Rachel M Taylor
OBJECTIVES: BRIGHTLIGHT is a national evaluation of cancer services for teenagers and young adults in England. Following challenges with recruitment, our aim was to understand more fully healthcare professionals' perspectives of the challenges of recruiting young people to a low-risk observational study, and to provide guidance for future recruitment processes. DESIGN: Qualitative. SETTING: National Health Service (NHS) hospitals in England...
November 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122200/applying-social-network-analysis-to-the-examination-of-interruptions-in-healthcare
#11
Tara McCurdie, Penelope Sanderson, Leanne M Aitken
Examinations of interruptions in healthcare often focus on a single clinical discipline, and solutions are targeted accordingly. This approach does not take into account the inter-disciplinary dependencies and other sociotechnical aspects that make up the healthcare work system, and suggested solutions may not meet the needs of all stakeholders. In this article a sociotechnical systems perspective is used to uncover the interdependencies between 16 unique work roles that result in interruptions in an intensive care unit (ICU)...
February 2018: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106316/applying-social-network-analysis-to-identify-the-social-support-needs-of-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-patients-and-survivors
#12
Kolina Koltai, Casey Walsh, Barbara Jones, Brenda L Berkelaar
PURPOSE: This article examines how theoretical and clinical applications of social network analysis (SNA) can inform opportunities for innovation and advancement of social support programming for adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer patients and survivors. APPLICATIONS: SNA can help address potential barriers and challenges to initiating and sustaining AYA peer support by helping to identify the diverse psychosocial needs among individuals in the AYA age range; find strategic ways to support and connect AYAs at different phases of the cancer trajectory with resources and services; and increase awareness of psychosocial resources and referrals from healthcare providers...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104749/a-guide-to-null-models-for-animal-social-network-analysis
#13
Damien R Farine
Null models are an important component of the social network analysis toolbox. However, their use in hypothesis testing is still not widespread. Furthermore, several different approaches for constructing null models exist, each with their relative strengths and weaknesses, and often testing different hypotheses.In this study, I highlight why null models are important for robust hypothesis testing in studies of animal social networks. Using simulated data containing a known observation bias, I test how different statistical tests and null models perform if such a bias was unknown...
October 2017: Methods in Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101137/collective-leadership-and-safety-cultures-co-lead-protocol-for-a-mixed-methods-pilot-evaluation-of-the-impact-of-a-co-designed-collective-leadership-intervention-on-team-performance-and-safety-culture-in-a-hospital-group-in-ireland
#14
Eilish McAuliffe, Aoife De Brún, Marie Ward, Marie O'Shea, Una Cunningham, Róisín O'Donovan, Sinead McGinley, John Fitzsimons, Siobhán Corrigan, Nick McDonald
INTRODUCTION: There is accumulating evidence implicating the role of leadership in system failures that have resulted in a range of errors in healthcare, from misdiagnoses to failures to recognise and respond to patient deterioration. This has led to concerns about traditional hierarchical leadership structures and created an interest in the development of collective ways of working that distribute leadership roles and responsibilities across team members. Such collective leadership approaches have been associated with improved team performance and staff engagement...
November 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096148/power-structure-among-the-actors-of-financial-support-to-the-poor-to-access-health-services-social-network-analysis-approach
#15
Manal Etemadi, Hasan Abolghasem Gorji, Hannaneh Mohammadi Kangarani, Kioomars Ashtarian
The extent of universal health coverage in terms of financial protection is worrisome in Iran. There are challenges in health policies to guarantee financial accessibility to health services, especially for poor people. Various institutions offer support to ensure that the poor have financial access to health services. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship network among the institutions active in this field. This study is a policy document analysis. It evaluates the country's legal documents in the field of financial support to the poor for healthcare after the Islamic Revolution in Iran...
October 30, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064035/-patient-sharing-networks-new-approaches-in-the-analysis-and-transformation-of-geographic-variation-in-healthcare
#16
REVIEW
Dominik von Stillfried, Tatiana Ermakova, Frank Ng, Thomas Czihal
The analysis of geographic variations has spurred arguments that area of residence determines access to and quality of healthcare. In this paper we argue that unwarranted geographic variations can be traced back to actions of individual patients and their healthcare providers (doctors, hospitals). These actors interact in a complicated web of shared responsibilities. Designing effective interventions to reduce unwarranted geographic variations may therefore depend on methods to identify these interactions and communities of providers with a shared accountability...
October 24, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058638/use-of-social-network-analysis-methods-to-study-professional-advice-and-performance-among-healthcare-providers-a-systematic-review
#17
Kate Sabot, Deepthi Wickremasinghe, Karl Blanchet, Bilal Avan, Joanna Schellenberg
BACKGROUND: Social network analysis quantifies and visualizes relationships between and among individuals or organizations. Applications in the health sector remain underutilized. This systematic review seeks to analyze what social network methods have been used to study professional communication and performance among healthcare providers. METHODS: Ten databases were searched from 1990 through April 2016, yielding 5970 articles screened for inclusion by two independent reviewers who extracted data and critically appraised each study...
October 23, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047384/enhancing-evidence-based-diabetes-and-chronic-disease-control-among-local-health-departments-a-multi-phase-dissemination-study-with-a-stepped-wedge-cluster-randomized-trial-component
#18
Renee G Parks, Rachel G Tabak, Peg Allen, Elizabeth A Baker, Katherine A Stamatakis, Allison R Poehler, Yan Yan, Marshall H Chin, Jenine K Harris, Maureen Dobbins, Ross C Brownson
BACKGROUND: The rates of diabetes and prediabetes in the USA are growing, significantly impacting the quality and length of life of those diagnosed and financially burdening society. Premature death and disability can be prevented through implementation of evidence-based programs and policies (EBPPs). Local health departments (LHDs) are uniquely positioned to implement diabetes control EBPPs because of their knowledge of, and focus on, community-level needs, contexts, and resources. There is a significant gap, however, between known diabetes control EBPPs and actual diabetes control activities conducted by LHDs...
October 18, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046222/a-social-network-analysis-of-the-goal-scoring-passing-networks-of-the-2016-european-football-championships
#19
Scott Mclean, Paul M Salmon, Adam D Gorman, Nicholas J Stevens, Colin Solomon
In the current study, social network analysis (SNA) and notational analysis (NA) methods were applied to examine the goal scoring passing networks (GSPN) for all goals scored at the 2016 European Football Championships. The aim of the study was to determine the GSPN characteristics for the overall tournament, between the group and knock out stages, and for the successful and unsuccessful teams. The study also used degree centrality (DC) metrics as a novel method to determine the relative contributions of the pitch locations involved in the GSPN...
October 16, 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045500/using-egocentric-analysis-to-investigate-professional-networks-and-productivity-of-graduate-students-and-faculty-in-life-sciences-in-japan-singapore-and-taiwan
#20
Noriko Hara, Hui Chen, Marcus Antonius Ynalvez
Prior studies showed that scientists' professional networks contribute to research productivity, but little work has examined what factors predict the formation of professional networks. This study sought to 1) examine what factors predict the formation of international ties between faculty and graduate students and 2) identify how these international ties would affect publication productivity in three East Asian countries. Face-to-face surveys and in-depth semi-structured interviews were conducted with a sample of faculty and doctoral students in life sciences at 10 research institutions in Japan, Singapore, and Taiwan...
2017: PloS One
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