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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684650/the-social-network-of-international-health-aid
#1
Lu Han, Mathias Koenig-Archibugi, Tore Opsahl
International development assistance for health generates an emergent social network in which policy makers in recipient countries are connected to numerous bilateral and multilateral aid agencies and to other aid recipients. Ties in this global network are channels for the transmission of knowledge, norms and influence in addition to material resources, and policy makers in centrally situated governments receive information faster and are exposed to a more diverse range of sources and perspectives. Since diversity of perspectives improves problem-solving capacity, the structural position of aid-receiving governments in the health aid network can affect the health outcomes that those governments are able to attain...
April 7, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680933/explaining-hiv-risk-multiplexity-a-social-network-analysis
#2
Marisa Felsher, Emmanuel Koku
Risk multiplexity (i.e., overlap in drug-use, needle exchange and sexual relations) is a known risk factor for HIV. However, little is known about predictors of multiplexity. This study uses egocentric data from the Colorado Springs study to examine how individual, behavioral and social network factors influence engagement in multiplex risk behavior. Analyses revealed that compared to Whites, Hispanics were significantly more likely to engage in risk multiplexity and Blacks less so. Respondents who were similar to each other (e...
April 21, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676508/applications-of-social-network-analysis-to-obesity-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
S Zhang, K de la Haye, M Ji, R An
People's health behaviours and outcomes can be profoundly shaped by the social networks they are embedded in. Based on graph theory, social network analysis is a research framework for the study of social interactions and the structure of these interactions among social actors. A literature search was conducted in PubMed and Web of Science for articles published until August 2017 that applied social network analysis to examine obesity and social networks. Eight studies (three cross-sectional and five longitudinal) conducted in the US (n = 6) and Australia (n = 2) were identified...
April 20, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672647/mapping-the-knowledge-structure-of-frailty-in-journal-articles-by-text-network-analysis
#4
Youngji Kim, Soong-Nang Jang
BACKGROUNDS: This study was to understand the trends of frailty research and networking features of keywords from the academic articles focusing on frailty in the last four decades. METHOD: Keywords were extracted from articles (n = 6,424) retrieved from Web of Science, from 1981 to April 2016, using Bibexcel, and a social network analysis was conducted using Net Miner. RESULTS: The core-keywords of research on frailty are constantly changing over the last 40 years...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672596/factors-associated-with-disclosing-men-who-have-sex-with-men-msm-sexual-behaviors-and-hiv-positive-status-a-study-based-on-a-social-network-analysis-in-nanjing-china
#5
Lusi Chen, Dashuai Lian, Bei Wang
OBJECTIVE: We explored the factors associated with disclosure of men who have with sex with men (MSM) behaviors and HIV-positive status among HIV-positive MSM in Nanjing, China. METHODS: Social network analysis and epidemiological methods were combined in this pilot study. Information about participants' (egos') characteristics and behaviors and their social network members (alters) were collected through interview-administered questionnaires. General estimating equation logistic regression analysis was applied in both univariate and multivariate analysis...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657356/using-modern-methods-for-missing-data-analysis-with-the-social-relations-model-a-bridge-to-social-network-analysis
#6
Terrence D Jorgensen, K Jean Forney, Jeffrey A Hall, Steven Giles
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Social Networks
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652600/social-network-analysis-for-assessing-college-aged-adults-health-a-systematic-review
#7
Megan S Patterson, Patricia Go Odson
OBJECTIVE: Social network analysis (SNA) is a useful, emerging method for studying health. College students are especially prone to social influence when it comes to health. This review aimed to identify network variables related to college student health and determine how SNA was used in the literature. PARTICIPANTS: A systematic review of relevant literature was conducted in October 2015. METHODS: Studies employing egocentric or whole network analysis to study college student health were included...
April 13, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644585/non-reciprocal-friendships-in-a-school-age-boy-with-autism-the-ties-that-build
#8
Jairo Rodríguez-Medina, Henar Rodríguez-Navarro, Víctor Arias, Benito Arias, M Teresa Anguera
This mixed-methods study examined differences in social interaction patterns between a school-age boy with autism and his friends, non-reciprocal friends, and non-friends during recess time at a mainstream school (third grade of elementary school). Through a combination of observational methodology and social network analysis with an idiographic, follow-up and multidimensional design approach, we used lag sequential and polar coordinate analysis to ascertain the associations between various interactive behaviors as a function of type of friendship relation...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629190/antibiotics-and-activity-spaces-protocol-of-an-exploratory-study-of-behaviour-marginalisation-and-knowledge-diffusion
#9
Marco J Haenssgen, Nutcha Charoenboon, Giacomo Zanello, Mayfong Mayxay, Felix Reed-Tsochas, Caroline O H Jones, Romyen Kosaikanont, Pollavat Praphattong, Pathompong Manohan, Yoel Lubell, Paul N Newton, Sommay Keomany, Heiman F L Wertheim, Jeffrey Lienert, Thipphaphone Xayavong, Penporn Warapikuptanun, Yuzana Khine Zaw, Patchapoom U-Thong, Patipat Benjaroon, Narinnira Sangkham, Kanokporn Wibunjak, Poowadon Chai-In, Sirirat Chailert, Patthanan Thavethanutthanawin, Krittanon Promsutt, Amphayvone Thepkhamkong, Nicksan Sithongdeng, Maipheth Keovilayvanh, Nid Khamsoukthavong, Phaengnitta Phanthasomchit, Chanthasone Phanthavong, Somsanith Boualaiseng, Souksakhone Vongsavang, Rachel C Greer, Thomas Althaus, Supalert Nedsuwan, Daranee Intralawan, Tri Wangrangsimakul, Direk Limmathurotsakul, Proochista Ariana
Background: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a global health priority. Leading UK and global strategy papers to fight AMR recognise its social and behavioural dimensions, but current policy responses to improve the popular use of antimicrobials (eg, antibiotics) are limited to education and awareness-raising campaigns. In response to conceptual, methodological and empirical weaknesses of this approach, we study people's antibiotic-related health behaviour through three research questions...
2018: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628532/social-network-implications-of-normative-school-transitions-in-non-urban-school-districts
#10
Deborah A Temkin, Scott D Gest, D Wayne Osgood, Mark Feinberg, James Moody
This article expands research on normative school transitions (NSTs) from elementary to middle school or middle to high school by examining the extent to which they disrupt structures of friendship networks. Social network analysis is used to quantify aspects of connectedness likely relevant to student experiences of social support. Data were drawn from 25 communities followed from sixth to ninth grades. Variability in timing of NSTs permitted multi-level longitudinal models to disentangle developmental effects from transition effects...
May 2018: Youth & Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625616/the-role-of-ethnic-tourism-in-the-food-knowledge-tradition-of-tyrolean-migrants-in-treze-t%C3%A3-lias-sc-brazil
#11
Elisabeth Kuhn, Ruth Haselmair, Heidemarie Pirker, Christian R Vogl
BACKGROUND: Food knowledge and consumption in the context of migration is an important topic in ethnobiological research. Little research is done on the process of how external factors impact food knowledge amongst migrants. Taking into account social organisation and power relations of food knowledge transmission and distribution of food knowledge, this study sheds light on how the accessibility of resources, the predominant cuisine in the host country and ethnic tourism influences the food knowledge tradition of Tyrolean migrants and their descendants in Treze Tílias...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621742/offline-constraints-in-online-drug-marketplaces-an-exploratory-analysis-of-a-cryptomarket-trade-network
#12
Lukas Norbutas
BACKGROUND: Cryptomarkets, or illegal anonymizing online platforms that facilitate drug trade, have been analyzed in a rapidly growing body of research. Previous research has found that, despite increased risks, cryptomarket sellers are often willing to ship illegal drugs internationally. There is little to no information, however, about the extent to which uncertainty and risk related to geographic constraints shapes buyers' behavior and, in turn, the structure of the global online drug trade network...
April 2, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614994/theme-trends-and-knowledge-structure-on-choroidal-neovascularization-a-quantitative-and-co-word-analysis
#13
Fangkun Zhao, Bei Shi, Ruixin Liu, Wenkai Zhou, Dong Shi, Jinsong Zhang
BACKGROUND: The distribution pattern and knowledge structure of choroidal neovascularization (CNV) was surveyed based on literatures in PubMed. METHODS: Published scientific papers about CNV were retrieved from Jan 1st, 2012 to May 31st, 2017. Extracted MeSH terms were analyzed quantitatively by using Bibliographic Item Co-Occurrence Matrix Builder (BICOMB) and high-frequency MeSH terms were identified. Hierarchical cluster analysis was conducted by SPSS 19.0 according to the MeSH term-source article matrix...
April 3, 2018: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587762/analysis-of-medication-consultation-networks-and-reporting-medication-errors-a-mixed-methods-study
#14
Pattarida Janmano, Uraiwan Chaichanawirote, Chuenjid Kongkaew
BACKGROUND: To examine characteristics of verbal consultation about medication within social networks of hospital inpatient medication system, and their associations with medication error reporting. METHOD: The setting was a 90-bed provincial district hospital with 4 wards, 7 physicians, 5 pharmacists, 44 nurses, 5 pharmacist assistants, and 4 unskilled ancillary workers. A mixed method comprising (i) a prospective observational study for investigating incidences and the nature of reporting medication errors, and (ii) a social network analysis for patterns of interaction...
March 27, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577329/who-victimizes-whom-and-who-defends-whom-a-multivariate-social-network-analysis-of-victimization-aggression-and-defending-in-early-childhood
#15
Gijs Huitsing, Claire P Monks
The aim of this research was to investigate the interplay between victim-aggressor relationships and defending relationships in early childhood to test the proposition that young aggressors are less selective than older children in their choice of vulnerable targets. Cross-sectional multivariate statistical social network analyses (Exponential Random Graph Models) for a sample of 177 preschoolers from seven classes, 5- to 7-years-old, revealed that boys were more aggressive than girls, toward both boys and girls, whereas defending relationships were most often same-sex...
March 25, 2018: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569347/first-year-medical-student-peer-nominations-of-professionalism-a-methodological-detective-story-about-making-sense-of-non-sense
#16
Trey C Mullikin, Varun Shahi, Douglas Grbic, Wojciech Pawlina, Frederic W Hafferty
This article explores the assessment of professionalism within a cohort of medical students during a sequential 13-week medical school histology and anatomy course. Across seven data points, students were asked to identify a professionalism role model from amongst their peers and to score Likert-structured rationales for their decision. Based on density scores, an initial social network analysis identified six peer-nomination "stars." However, analysis of these stars revealed considerable variability and random-like "noise" in both the nomination and explanation data sets...
March 22, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566058/how-social-network-analysis-can-be-used-to-monitor-online-collaborative-learning-and-guide-an-informed-intervention
#17
Mohammed Saqr, Uno Fors, Matti Tedre, Jalal Nouri
To ensure online collaborative learning meets the intended pedagogical goals (is actually collaborative and stimulates learning), mechanisms are needed for monitoring the efficiency of online collaboration. Various studies have indicated that social network analysis can be particularly effective in studying students' interactions in online collaboration. However, research in education has only focused on the theoretical potential of using SNA, not on the actual benefits they achieved. This study investigated how social network analysis can be used to monitor online collaborative learning, find aspects in need of improvement, guide an informed intervention, and assess the efficacy of intervention using an experimental, observational repeated-measurement design in three courses over a full-term duration...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565686/networking-matters-a-social-network-analysis-of-the-association-of-program-directors-of-internal-medicine
#18
Eric Warm, Vineet M Arora, Saima Chaudhry, Andrew Halvorsen, Daniel Schauer, Kris Thomas, Furman S McDonald
THEORY: Networking has positive effects on career development; however, personal characteristics of group members such as gender or diversity may foster or hinder member connectedness. Social network analysis explores interrelationships between people in groups by measuring the strength of connection between all possible pairs in a given network. Social network analysis has rarely been used to examine network connections among members in an academic medical society. This study seeks to ascertain the strength of connection between program directors in the Association of Program Directors in Internal Medicine (APDIM) and its Education Innovations Project subgroup and to examine possible associations between connectedness and characteristics of program directors and programs...
March 22, 2018: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538389/evaluating-an-organization-wide-disparity-reduction-program-understanding-what-works-for-whom-and-why
#19
Sivan Spitzer-Shohat, Efrat Shadmi, Margalit Goldfracht, Calanit Key, Moshe Hoshen, Ran D Balicer
BACKGROUND: Disparity-reduction programs have been shown to vary in the degree to which they achieve their goal; yet the causes of these variations is rarely studied. We investigated a broad-scale program in Israel's largest health plan, aimed at reducing disparities in socially disadvantaged groups using a composite measure of seven health and health care indicators. METHODS: A realistic evaluation was conducted to evaluate the program in 26 clinics and their associated managerial levels...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536285/hiv-prevention-and-sex-behaviors-as-organizing-mechanisms-in-a-facebook-group-affiliation-network-among-young-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#20
Lindsay E Young, Kayo Fujimoto, John A Schneider
Online social networking sites (SNS)-the Internet-based platforms that enable connection and communication between users-are increasingly salient social environments for young adults and, consequently, offer tremendous opportunity for HIV behavioral research and intervention among vulnerable populations like young men who have sex with men (YMSM). Drawing from a cohort of 525 young Black MSM (YBMSM) living in Chicago, IL, USA April 2014-May 2015, we conducted social network analysis, estimating an exponential random graph model (ERGM) to model YBMSM's group affiliations on Facebook in relation to their sex behaviors and HIV prevention traits...
March 13, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
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