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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538570/postoperative-patient-and-parent-reported-outcomes-for-children-with-congenital-hand-differences-a-systematic-review
#1
Rebecca S Bickham, Jennifer F Waljee, Kevin C Chung, Joshua M Adkinson
BACKGROUND: Patient- and parent-reported outcomes are increasingly considered as measures of treatment effectiveness for congenital conditions. The authors' specific aim was to review the use of patient- and parent-reported outcomes of quality of life, activities of daily living, perception of hand appearance, and satisfaction after reconstruction for congenital hand differences. METHODS: The authors reviewed articles addressing congenital hand differences from PubMed, MEDLINE, and EMBASE published between January of 1966 and October of 2016...
June 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538336/impact-of-dry-eye-symptoms-and-daily-activities-in-a-modern-office
#2
Mirjam M van Tilborg, Paul J Murphy, Katharine S Evans
PURPOSE: Modern offices and the use of electronic devices are increasing factors in work-related eye symptoms. However, symptoms of eye fatigue or dry eye sensation can be mixed and confusing. This study surveys the eye symptoms reported during a working day at modern offices to investigate the possible inhibition on daily work activities. METHODS: Two online digital surveys were sent to three different work locations, by direct e-mail. Survey A consisted of 14 questions that investigated eye symptoms experienced during daily activities at work and the impact on daily activities...
June 2017: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535331/computer-and-mobile-technology-interventions-for-self-management-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#3
REVIEW
Catherine McCabe, Margaret McCann, Anne Marie Brady
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterised by airflow obstruction due to an abnormal inflammatory response of the lungs to noxious particles or gases, for example, cigarette smoke. The pattern of care for people with moderate to very severe COPD often involves regular lengthy hospital admissions, which result in high healthcare costs and an undesirable effect on quality of life. Research over the past decade has focused on innovative methods for developing enabling and assistive technologies that facilitate patient self-management...
May 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534464/does-the-social-functioning-scale-reflect-real-life-social-functioning-an-experience-sampling-study-in-patients-with-a-non-affective-psychotic-disorder-and-healthy-control-individuals
#4
M Schneider, U Reininghaus, M van Nierop, M Janssens, I Myin-Germeys
BACKGROUND: The ecological validity of retrospective measures of social functioning is currently unknown in patients with schizophrenia. In the present study, patients with a diagnosis of non-affective psychosis were compared with controls on two measures of social functioning: the Social Functioning Scale (SFS) and daily-life measures collected with the Experience Sampling Methodology (ESM). The associations between both measures were examined in each group of participants to test for the ecological validity of the SFS...
May 23, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533610/effects-of-transcutaneous-electrical-nerve-stimulation-on-chemotherapy-induced-peripheral-neuropathy-symptoms-cipn-a-preliminary-case-control-study
#5
Tania Tonezzer, Leonardo Affonso Massabki Caffaro, Katiuscia Rosette Scasni Menon, Fabíola Cristina Brandini da Silva, Christina May Moran de Brito, Almir José Sarri, Raquel Aparecida Casarotto
[Purpose] The aim of this double-blind, randomized and placebo-controlled study is to investigate the effects of Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation for reducing the side effects of Chemotherapy-induced Peripheral Neuropathy in cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy with oxaloplatin or paclitaxel. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty-four patients were randomly allocated into two groups: active or placebo stimulation. All patients were assessed for pain, numbness/tingiling, frequency of symptoms, and quality of life...
April 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532443/resourse-use-and-disease-couse-in-dementia-nursing-home-redic-nh-a-longitudinal-cohort-study-design-and-patient-characteristics-at-admission-to-norwegian-nursing-homes
#6
Irene Røen, Geir Selbæk, Øyvind Kirkevold, Knut Engedal, Ingelin Testad, Sverre Bergh
BACKGROUND: Earlier studies of nursing home patients show a high prevalence of dementia, neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS), pain, and dependency in activities of daily living. The REDIC-NH cohort was set up to study the disease course and the resources used in patients with dementia in Norway. The aim of this paper was to describe the methods and the data collection, and to present selected data about patients at admission to a nursing home. METHODS: We included 696 patients at admission to a nursing home and followed them with biannual assessments until death...
May 22, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530845/temporal-variation-in-the-abundance-and-timing-of-daily-activity-of-chagas-disease-vector-triatoma-gerstaeckeri-st%C3%A3-l-1859-in-a-natural-habitat-in-the-lower-rio-grande-valley-south-texas
#7
Alfredo Flores, Christopher Vitek, Teresa Feria Arroyo, Brian Lund Fredensborg
Chagas disease caused by Trypanosoma cruzi is a burden to millions of people in South and Central America. A sylvatic life cycle of the parasite exists in the Southern United States, but recent studies indicate an active peri-domestic life cycle of T. cruzi in Texas. The USA-Mexico border region in Texas displays areas of high poverty and sub-standard housing conditions which are important risk factors for a potential spill-over transmission to a domestic life cycle including humans. The objectives of the study were to examine short- and longterm temporal variation in vector activity, and to evaluate the effect of different combinations of attractants on the capture of potential triatomine vectors...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529411/the-electronically-activated-recorder-ear-a-method-for-the-naturalistic-observation-of-daily-social-behavior
#8
Matthias R Mehl
This article reviews the Electronically Activated Recorder or EAR as an ambulatory ecological momentary assessment tool for the real-world observation of daily behavior. Technically, the EAR is an audio recorder that intermittently records snippets of ambient sounds while participants go about their lives. Conceptually, it is a naturalistic observation method that yields an acoustic log of a person's day as it unfolds. The power of the EAR lies in unobtrusively collecting authentic real-life observational data...
April 2017: Current Directions in Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529189/examining-daily-activity-routines-of-older-adults-using-workflow
#9
Jane Chung, Mustafa Ozkaynak, George Demiris
We evaluated the value of workflow analysis supported by a novel visualization technique to better understand the daily routines of older adults and highlight their patterns of daily activities and normal variability in physical functions. We used a self-reported activity diary to obtain data from six community-dwelling older adults for 14 consecutive days. Workflow for daily routine was analyzed using the EventFlow tool, which aggregates workflow information to highlight patterns and variabilities. A total of 1453 events were included in the data analysis...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527785/the-effectiveness-of-a-fixed-dose-combination-pour-on-formulation-of-1-25-fipronil-and-2-5-fluazuron-against-economically-important-ectoparasites-and-associated-pharmacokinetics-in-cattle
#10
Welber Daniel Zanetti Lopes, Rafael Marin Chiummo, Luis Fernando Vettorato, Daniel de Castro Rodrigues, Rafael Bazaglia Sonada
The present work consisted of eight studies to evaluate the ectoparasiticidal spectrum and determine the pharmacokinetic parameters of a pour-on combination of fipronil 1.25mg/kg+fluazuron 2.5mg/kg for cattle against Rhipicephalus microplus, Haematobia irritans and the larvae of Dermatobia hominis and Cochliomyia hominivorax. The analysis fipronil and fluazuron were performed by liquid chromatography using a mass detector for the detection and quantification of analytes (LC-MS/MS). Additionally, in two of these studies, the animals were artificially infested with R...
May 17, 2017: Parasitology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527267/assessment-of-factors-associated-with-functional-status-in-60-years-old-and-older-adults-in-bogot%C3%A3-colombia
#11
Carlos Cano-Gutiérrez, Miguel Germán Borda, Carlos Reyes-Ortiz, Antonio J Arciniegas, Rafael Samper-Ternent
INTRODUCTION: Functional impairment produces a wide range of negative effects such as difficulty in mobility, social isolation, decreased quality of life, disability and institutionalization. Thus, functional status measurement is a marker of social wellbeing. OBJECTIVE: To determine and characterize the socio-demographic factors and health conditions related to functional impairment in older adults in Bogotá, Colombia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data was collected from the SABE Bogotá Study...
April 1, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527227/correlation-of-the-gait-speed-with-the-quality-of-life-and-the-quality-of-life-classified-according-to-speed-based-community-ambulation-in-thai-stroke-survivors
#12
Phichamon Khanittanuphong, Suttipong Tipchatyotin
BACKGROUND: Gait abnormality commonly resulted from stroke which affected patients living and probably quality of life (QOL). OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationship between gait speed and the QOL in Thai stroke patients and to compare the QOL among three patient groups that were categorized by gait speed: i) household ambulators <0.4 m/s, ii) limited community ambulators 0.4-0.8 m/s and iii) community ambulators >0.8 m/s. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional descriptive research study...
May 19, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526995/two-cycles-of-plasma-rich-in-growth-factors-prgf-endoret-intra-articular-injections-improve-stiffness-and-activities-of-daily-living-but-not-pain-compared-to-one-cycle-on-patients-with-symptomatic-knee-osteoarthritis
#13
Víctor Vaquerizo, Sabino Padilla, José Javier Aguirre, Leire Begoña, Gorka Orive, Eduardo Anitua
PURPOSE: To assess the clinical efficacy and safety of a treatment based on one cycle versus two cycles of intra-articular injections of plasma rich in growth factors (PRGF-Endoret) on patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: Ninety patients with knee OA were included and evaluated. A total of 48 patients received one cycle (OC group) (3 injections on a weekly basis), while 42 patients received two cycles of PRGF-Endoret (TC group) spaced 6 months between them...
May 19, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526923/focal-articular-prosthetic-resurfacing-for-the-treatment-of-full-thickness-articular-cartilage-defects-in-the-knee-12-year-follow-up-of-two-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#14
C Becher, E B Cantiller
INTRODUCTION: The rationale of focal articular prosthetic resurfacing used as a primary arthroplasty procedure in the treatment of articular cartilage defects is still under debate. Conflicting reports raise concern about high rates of re-operations and continued development of osteoarthritis, while others have reported good outcomes. The goal of this paper is to present the long-term results of two patients with a 12-year follow-up and to report the results of a literature review. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two patients (male, 70 years; female 63 years) with a follow-up of 12 years were reviewed...
May 19, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526524/visual-snow-in-a-paediatric-patient
#15
E Santos-Bueso, A M Muñoz-Hernández, N Avalos-Franco, S García-Sáenz, F Sáenz-Francés, J Porta-Etessam
CASE REPORT: The case is presented of an 11 year-old girl referring to a one year history of photophobia and continuously seeing white spots in both eyes. The patient had a visual acuity of unity in both eyes, and a normal eye examination, and was referred to the Neuro-ophthalmology Unit. Once complete laboratory and imaging tests ruled out the possibility of any neurological pathology, she was diagnosed with visual snow (VS). DISCUSSION: VS is an isolated symptom, possibly part of the migraine aura, that is referred by patients reporting numerous and constant white dots moving in the visual field of BE...
May 16, 2017: Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526363/autonomous-motivation-and-fruit-vegetable-intake-in-parent-adolescent-dyads
#16
Laura A Dwyer, Niall Bolger, Jean-Philippe Laurenceau, Heather Patrick, April Y Oh, Linda C Nebeling, Erin Hennessy
INTRODUCTION: Autonomous motivation (motivation to engage in a behavior because of personal choice, interest, or value) is often associated with health behaviors. The present study contributes to research on motivation and eating behaviors by examining (1) how autonomous motivation is correlated within parent-adolescent dyads and (2) whether parent- and adolescent-reported autonomous motivation predicts the parent-adolescent correlation in fruit and vegetable (FV) intake frequency. METHODS: Data were drawn from the Family Life, Activity, Sun, Health, and Eating (FLASHE) Study, a cross-sectional U...
June 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526362/using-secondary-24-hour-dietary-recall-data-to-estimate-daily-dietary-factor-intake-from-the-flashe-study-dietary-screener
#17
Teresa M Smith, Eric E Calloway, Courtney A Pinard, Erin Hennessy, April Y Oh, Linda C Nebeling, Amy L Yaroch
INTRODUCTION: The National Cancer Institute's 2014 Family Life, Activity, Sun, Health, and Eating Study utilized a 27-item Dietary Screener tailored to adolescent eating patterns that assessed the frequency of intake of several foods and beverages in parent-adolescent dyads. This study estimated intake of fruits and vegetables (FVs), dairy, added sugars, and whole grains for screener respondents using existing, nationally representative, 24-hour dietary recall data. METHODS: Dietary Screener items were converted from frequency responses to daily intake...
June 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525821/effect-of-exercise-augmentation-of-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-suicidal-ideation-and-depression
#18
Abbas Abdollahi, Daniel M LeBouthillier, Mahmoud Najafi, Gordon J G Asmundson, Simin Hosseinian, Shahriar Shahidi, Per Carlbring, Atefeh Kalhori, Hassan Sadeghi, Marzieh Jalili
BACKGROUND: Suicidal ideation and depression are prevalent and costly conditions that reduce quality of life. This study was designed to determine the efficacy of exercise as an adjunct to cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) for suicidal ideation and depression among depressed individuals. METHODS: In a randomized clinical trial, 54 mildly to moderately depressed patients (54% female, mean age=48.25) were assigned to a combined CBT and exercise group or to a CBT only group...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525550/long-term-survival-and-quality-of-life-after-extracorporeal-life-support-a-10-year-report%C3%A2
#19
Daniele Camboni, Alois Philipp, Verena Rottenkolber, Matthaeus Zerdzitzki, Andreas Holzamer, Bernhard Floerchinger, Dirk Lunz, Thomas Mueller, Christof Schmid, Claudius Diez
OBJECTIVES: Information is lacking about long-term survival and quality of life (QOL) after treating patients on extracorporeal life support. METHODS: Outcome data were assessed by phone interviews, a QOL analysis using the EuroQol 5-dimensions questionnaire and a retrospective inquiry of the Regensburg ECMO Registry database for the decade 2006-2015. A statistical analysis was obtained by comparing patients with a cardiosurgical intervention (CS = 189 patients) with those without (w/oCS = 307 patients)...
May 18, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523314/health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-hallux-valgus
#20
Lavinia Maria Hogea, Bogdan Gheorghe Hogea, Laura Alexandra Nussbaum, Mirela Loredana Grigoraş, Bogdan Corneliu Andor, Codrina Mihaela Levai, Ana Cristina Bredicean
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: No deformity of the forefoot occurs more frequently than hallux valgus (HV), which is considered to be medial deviation of the first metatarsal and lateral deviation and rotation of the hallux, either with or without medial soft tissue enlargement of the metatarsal head. The HV deformity can lead to painful motion of the joint or difficulty in daily joint activity that often requires surgical correction. The aims of this study were to investigate the levels of foot pain and quality of life of patients with HV before and after surgery...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
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