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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166760/clinical-characteristics-and-treatment-propensity-in-elderly-patients-aged-over-80-years-with-colorectal-cancer
#1
Yun Hwa Jung, Jae Young Kim, Yu Na Jang, Sang Hoon Yoo, Gyo Hui Kim, Kang Min Lee, In Kyu Lee, Su Mi Chung, In Sook Woo
Background/Aims: Elderly patients (≥ 80 years) with colorectal cancer (CRC) tend to avoid active treatment at the time of diagnosis despite of recent advances in treatment. The aim of this study was to determine treatment propensity of elderly patients aged ≥ 80 years with CRC in clinical practice and the impact of anticancer treatment on overall survival (OS). Methods: Medical charts of 152 elderly patients (aged ≥ 80 years) diagnosed with CRC between 1998 and 2012 were retrospectively reviewed...
November 24, 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166702/impact-of-active-cancer-disease-on-the-outcome-of-patients-undergoing-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement
#2
Norman Mangner, Felix J Woitek, Stephan Haussig, David Holzhey, Georg Stachel, Florian Schlotter, Robert Höllriegel, Friedrich W Mohr, Gerhard Schuler, Axel Linke
BACKGROUND: Patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) are often characterized by risk factors not reflected in conventional risk scores. In this context, little is known about the outcome of patients suffering from an active cancer disease (ACD). The objective was to determine the prevalence, clinical characteristics, perioperative outcomes, and mortality of patients with ACD undergoing TAVR compared to those with a history of cancer (HCD) and controls without known tumor disease...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Interventional Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166685/-evaluation-of-inpatient-conservative-management-of-acute-subacute-and-chronic-back-pain
#3
Ingo Haase, Kilian Haase, Bernd Kladny
Background Backache is very common in the German population. It is a common reason for people to seek medical advice and specific back pain programs have been developed. The intention of this study is to evaluate the short and long term effects of conservative management of back pain in a German general hospital. Outcomes of interest were pain intensity, interference in daily functions, physical functioning and health related quality of life. Patients and Methods We examined 1010 patients with acute, subacute and chronic back pain, admitted to inpatient nonsurgical interventional therapy in a German hospital between July 2013 and July 2015...
November 22, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166455/progression-and-prognosis-of-paravalvular-regurgitation-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation
#4
Rafael Alexandre Meneguz-Moreno, Antônio de Castro-Filho, Auristela Isabel de Oliveira Ramos, Mayra Zumarraga, David Le Bihan, Rodrigo Barretto, Dimytri Alexandre de Alvim Siqueira, Alexandre Antonio Cunha Abizaid, Amanda Guerra de Moraes Rego Sousa, J Eduardo Sousa
BACKGROUND: The impact of paravalvular regurgitation (PVR) following transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) remains uncertain. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of PVR on mortality and hospital readmission one year after TAVI. METHODS: Between January 2009 and June 2015, a total of 251 patients underwent TAVI with three different prostheses at two cardiology centers. Patients were assessed according to PVR severity after the procedure...
November 13, 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166408/estimating-the-impact-of-tuberculosis-anatomical-classification-on-treatment-outcomes-a-patient-and-surveillance-perspective-analysis
#5
Otavio T Ranzani, Laura C Rodrigues, Eliseu A Waldman, Carlos R R Carvalho
INTRODUCTION: Tuberculosis anatomical classification is inconsistent in the literature, which limits current tuberculosis knowledge and control. We aimed to evaluate whether tuberculosis classification impacts on treatment outcomes at patient and aggregate level. METHODS: We analyzed adults from São Paulo State, Brazil with newly diagnosed tuberculosis from 2010-2013. We used an extended clinical classification of tuberculosis, categorizing cases as pulmonary, pulmonary and extrapulmonary, extrapulmonary and miliary/disseminated...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166361/the-impact-of-hepatectomy-time-of-the-liver-graft-on-post-transplant-outcome-a-eurotransplant-cohort-study
#6
Ina Jochmans, Steffen Fieuws, Ineke Tieken, Undine Samuel, Jacques Pirenne
OBJECTIVE: Assessing the effect of donor hepatectomy time on outcome after transplantation. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: When blood supply in a deceased organ donor stops, ischemic injury starts. Livers are cooled to reduce cellular metabolism and minimize ischemic injury. This cooling is slow and livers are lukewarm during hepatectomy, potentially affecting outcome. METHODS: We used the Eurotransplant Registry to investigate the relationship between donor hepatectomy time and post-transplant outcome in 12,974 recipients of deceased-donor livers (January 1, 2004, to December 31, 2013)...
November 21, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166338/use-of-organs-from-hepatitis-c-virus-positive-donors-for-uninfected-recipients-a-potential-cost-effective-approach-to-save-lives
#7
Patrick B Trotter, Dominic M Summers, Ines Ushiro-Lumb, Matthew Robb, J Andrew Bradley, James Powell, Christopher J E Watson, James Neuberger
BACKGROUND: Organs from hepatitis C virus (HCV) seropositive (HCVpos) individuals are seldom used for transplantation because of the risk of disease transmission. Because transmitted HCV is now amenable to effective treatment we estimated the potential impact of using HCVpos deceased donor organs for transplantation. METHODS: The Potential Donor Audit (PDA) of patients (<80years) dying in UK critical care units and the UK Transplant Registry (UKTR) was searched to identify HCVpos potential and proceeding deceased donors...
November 22, 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165723/the-impact-of-hyperosmolarity-on-long-term-outcome-in-patients-presenting-with-severe-hyperglycemic-crisis-a-population-based-study
#8
Ivan Kruljac, Miroslav Ćaćić, Petra Ćaćić, Lora Stanka Kirigin Biloš, Davor Kust, Božidar Perić, Maja Filipović-Grčić, Gorana Mirošević, Vedran Ostojić, Mario Štefanović, Milan Vrkljan
Aims We compared characteristics of patients with hyperglycemic hyperosmolar state (HHS) and patients with severe hyperglycemia without the signs of hyperosmolarity and ketoacidosis; analyzed long-term all-cause mortality and potential prognostic factors. Methods The studied population included 261 749 adults. HHS was diagnosed in patients with plasma glucose >33.0 mmol/L, ketonuria <1+, and serum osmolarity >320 mmol/L. Patients with plasma glucose >33.0 mmol/L, ketonuria <1+ and serum osmolarity <320 mmol/L were considered as controls (nHHS)...
November 17, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165605/patient-reported-outcome-measures-in-neurosurgery-a-review-of-the-current-literature
#9
Prajwal Ghimire, Harutomo Hasegawa, Nida Kalyal, Victoria Hurwitz, Keyoumars Ashkan
BACKGROUND: Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) play an important role in the evaluation of health outcomes, quality of life, and satisfaction, and have been successfully utilized in many areas of clinical medicine and surgical practice. The prevalence of PROMs in neurosurgery is not known. OBJECTIVE: To review the PROMs that have been utilized in the published neurosurgery literature to date. METHODS: Articles were searched in MEDLINE, EMBASE, HMIC Health Management Information Consortium, PsycARTICLES, and PsycINFO using search terms related to neurosurgery and PROMs, published from 1806 to August 2016...
November 18, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165577/quantitative-mri-brain-in-congenital-adrenal-hyperplasia-in-vivo-assessment-of-the-cognitive-and-structural-impact-of-steroid-hormones
#10
Emma A Webb, Lucy Elliott, Dominic Carlin, Martin Wilson, Kirsty Hall, Jennifer Netherton, Julie Reed, Tim G Barrett, Vijay Salwani, Jon D Clayden, Wiebke Arlt, Nils Krone, Andrew C Peet, Amanda G Wood
Context: Brain white matter hyper-intensities are seen on routine clinical imaging in 46% of adults with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH). The extent and functional relevance of these abnormalities have not been studied using quantitative MRI analysis. Objective: To examine white matter microstructure, neural volumes and CNS metabolites in CAH due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency (21OHD) and to determine whether identified abnormalities are associated with cognition, glucocorticoid and androgen exposure...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165507/-infectious-or-noninfectious-phlebitis-lessons-from-a-an-interventional-programm-on-phlebitis-associated-to-peripheral-venous-catheter
#11
Teresa Vergara, Elena Véliz, Alberto Fica, Jordan Leiva
BACKGROUND: There is no consensus definition to distinguish infectious from non-infectious phlebitis associated to peripheral venous catheter. AIMS: To evaluate the impact of an intervention program on the rate of infectious (those associated to bacteremia or local purulent discharge) and non-infectious phlebitis (the rest) and identify differential features. METHODS: Interventional study developed in three stages: basal measurement, intervention, and evaluation...
August 2017: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165311/should-nasal-function-be-considered-prior-to-tympanoplasty
#12
Metin Yüksel Akyıldız, Ömer Afşın Özmen, Uygar Levent Demir, Fikret Kasapoğlu, Hamdi Hakan Coşkun, Oğuz İbrahim Basut, Deniz Sığırlı
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between nasal airway function and Eustachian tube (ET) functions and their impact on tympanoplasty in patients with chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study group (CSOM group) consisted of 33 patients scheduled to undergo tympanoplasty for CSOM. Two control groups were formed: a nasal septal deviation (NSD) group of 25 patients scheduled to undergo nasal surgery for NSD, and a control group of 25 healthy individuals with no otologic or rhinologic symptoms...
November 21, 2017: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165239/does-smoking-affect-the-outcomes-of-lumbar-decompression-surgery
#13
Radha Mehta, Himanshu Sharma
INTRODUCTION: Lumbar decompressions and micro-discectomies are commonly performed non-complex spinal surgeries that do not involve the insertion of metalwork into the spine and are done for symptomatic disc prolapse and lumbar spinal stenosis, whereas complex-spinal surgery does require metalwork [1]. Studies of complex-spinal surgeries show that smoking has a significant negative impact on the outcome of the surgery [2] therefore, the cessation of smoking is advised prior to surgery [3]...
2017: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164923/impact-of-traditional-versus-flavored-tongue-depressors-on-pediatric-oropharynx-exam
#14
Brian Murray, Marina Gore, Nicole R Leonard, Nadia M Pearson, Jeremiah J Johnson, Michael D April
We compared patient-reported discomfort associated with oropharynx examination using traditional (unflavored) versus flavored tongue depressors among pediatric patients presenting to the emergency department in a single-blinded, placebo-controlled randomized trial using a convenience sample ages 3 to 12 years. Our primary outcome was patient discomfort. Secondary outcomes included provider perceptions of patient discomfort, provider-reported examination ease, and caregiver perceptions of patient discomfort...
November 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164795/education-mitigates-the-effect-of-poverty-on-total-knee-arthroplasty-outcomes
#15
Susan M Goodman, Lisa A Mandl, Bella Mehta, Iris Navarro-Millan, Linda A Russell, Michael L Parks, Shirin A Dey, Daisy Crego, Mark P Figgie, Joseph T Nguyen, Jackie Szymonifka, Meng Zhang, Anne R Bass
OBJECTIVE: TKA outcomes are worse for patients from poor neighborhoods, but whether education mitigates the effect of poverty is not known. We assessed the interaction between education and poverty on 2-year WOMAC pain and function. METHODS: Patient level variables from an institutional registry were linked to US Census Bureau data (census tract (CT) level). Statistical models including patient and CT level variables were constructed within multilevel frameworks...
November 22, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164739/can-specially-trained-community-care-workers-effectively-support-patients-and-their-families-in-the-home-setting-at-the-end-of-life
#16
Roslyn G Poulos, Damian Harkin, Christopher J Poulos, Andrew Cole, Rod MacLeod
Surveys indicate that many Australians would prefer to die at home, but relatively few do. Recognising that patients and their families may not have the support they need to enable end-of-life care at home, a consortium of care providers developed, and received funding to trial, the Palliative Care Home Support Program (PCHSP) across seven health districts in New South Wales, Australia. The programme aimed to supplement end-of-life care in the home provided by existing multidisciplinary community palliative care teams, with specialist supportive community care workers (CCWs)...
November 21, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164361/bacteraemia-in-emergency-departments-effective-antibiotic-reassessment-is-associated-with-a-better-outcome
#17
Charlotte Aillet, Didier Jammes, Agnès Fribourg, Sophie Léotard, Olivier Pellat, Patricia Etienne, Dominique Néri, Djamel Lameche, Olivier Pantaloni, Serge Tournoud, Pierre-Marie Roger
Patients with bacteraemia constitute an useful population for an audit of antibiotic treatments. Empirical antibiotic therapy (EAT) and its reassessment must take into account clinical data and microbiological results. Our aim was to determine the impact of these sequential steps of the therapy on survival. This was a retrospective multicentre study which included patients admitted to emergency departments (ED) for whom blood cultures were positive over a 4-month period. Microbial results were compiled from the database of the laboratories...
November 21, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164346/impact-of-prior-androgen-receptor-axis-targeted-agents-on-the-clinical-activity-of-subsequent-docetaxel-in-patients-with-metastatic-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer-comparative-assessment-between-abiraterone-acetate-and-enzalutamide
#18
Hideaki Miyake, Yuto Matsushita, Keita Tamura, Daisuke Motoyama, Toshiki Ito, Takayuki Sugiyama, Atsushi Otsuka
The objective of this study was to investigate the impact of prior treatment with androgen receptor-axis-targeted (ARAT) agents, abiraterone acetate (AA) and enzalutamide (Enz), on the activity of subsequently introduced docetaxel in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). This study included a total of 114 mCRPC patients consisting of 54 and 60 who progressed following treatment with AA and Enz, respectively, prior to the introduction of docetaxel, and compared oncological outcomes with docetaxel between these two groups...
November 21, 2017: Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164302/impact-of-initial-myocardial-perfusion-imaging-versus-invasive-coronary-angiography-on-outcomes-in-coronary-artery-disease-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#19
Guang-Uei Hung, Kuan-Yin Ko, Cheng-Li Lin, Ruoh-Fang Yen, Chia-Hung Kao
PURPOSE: In patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD), two main options exist to guide management: initial invasive coronary angiography (CAG), or selective CAG after risk stratification using myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI). This study compared clinical outcomes between these two strategies in a large, real-world population. METHODS: The initial cohort comprised 1,000,000 randomly selected patients who had been entered in the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan between 2000 and 2011...
November 22, 2017: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164264/risks-and-benefits-of-salpingectomy-at-the-time-of-sterilization
#20
Tara Castellano, Matthew Zerden, Laura Marsh, Kim Boggess
Importance: Bilateral salpingectomy reduces the risk ovarian cancer. The Society of Gynecologic Oncology has recommended surgeons discuss salpingectomy with patients desiring sterilization. Objective: This review summarizes current literature on the benefits and risks of bilateral salpingectomy to reduce ovarian cancer risk. Areas of insufficient evidence and directions for further research are discussed. Evidence Acquisition: We examined the benefits and risks of bilateral salpingectomy for female surgical sterilization, using a PubMed and EMBASE literature review...
November 2017: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
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