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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777043/new-advances-in-amblyopia-therapy-i-binocular-therapies-and-pharmacologic-augmentation
#1
Courtney L Kraus, Susan M Culican
Amblyopia therapy options have traditionally been limited to penalisation of the non-amblyopic eye with either patching or pharmaceutical penalisation. Solid evidence, mostly from the Pediatric Eye Disease Investigator Group, has validated both number of hours a day of patching and days per week of atropine use. The use of glasses alone has also been established as a good first-line therapy for both anisometropic and strabismic amblyopia. Unfortunately, visual acuity equalisation or even improvement is not always attainable with these methods...
May 18, 2018: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776841/-medical-simulation-as-a-tool-in-the-training-of-perinatal-professionals
#2
B Tosello, J Blanc, C Kelway, V Pellegrin, E Quarello, F Comte, C Zakarian, C D'Ercole
Though technology plays an increasingly important role in modern health systems, human performance remains a major determinant of safety, effectiveness and efficiency of patient care. This is especially true in the delivery room. Thus, the training of professionals must aim not only for the acquisition of theory and practical skills on an individual basis, but also for the learning of teamwork systematically. Training health professionals with simulation enhances their theoretical knowledge and meets formal requirements in literacy, technical skills and communication...
May 15, 2018: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771814/using-technology-to-enhance-teaching-of-patient-centered-interviewing-for-early-medical-students
#3
Stacey Kaltman, Nicholas Talisman, Susan Pennestri, Eleri Syverson, Paige Arthur, Yianna Vovides
INTRODUCTION: Effective strategies for teaching communication skills to health professions students are needed. This article describes the design and evaluation of immersive and interactive video simulations for medical students to practice basic communication skills. METHODS: Three simulations were developed, focusing on patient-centered interviewing techniques such as using open-ended questions, reflections, and empathic responses while assessing a patient's history of present illness...
May 15, 2018: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768508/i-scan-optical-enhancement-for-the-in-vivo-prediction-of-diminutive-colorectal-polyp-histology-results-from-a-prospective-three-phased-multicentre-trial
#4
Entcho Klenske, Steffen Zopf, Clemens Neufert, Andreas Nägel, Jürgen Siebler, Jürgen Gschossmann, Steffen Mühldorfer, Lukas Pfeifer, Sarah Fischer, Francesco Vitali, Marietta Iacucci, Subrata Ghosh, Michelle G Rath, Peter Klare, Gian E Tontini, Markus F Neurath, Timo Rath
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Dye-less chromoendoscopy is an emerging technology for colorectal polyp characterization. Herein, we investigated whether the newly introduced I-scan optical enhancement (OE) can accurately predict polyp histology in vivo in real-time. METHODS: In this prospective three-phased study, 84 patients with 230 diminutive colorectal polyps were included. During the first two study phases, five endoscopists assessed whether analysis of polyp colour, surface and vascular pattern under i-scan OE can differentiate in vivo between adenomatous and hyperplastic polyps...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767704/gene-regulation-in-the-3d-genome
#5
Yun Li, Ming Hu, Yin Shen
The spatial organization of the genome is essential for the precise control of gene expression. Recent advances in sequencing and imaging technologies allow us to explore the 3D genome and its relationship to gene regulation at an unprecedented scale. In this review, we provide an overview of lessons learned from studying the chromatin structure and their implications in communications between gene promoters and distal cis-regulatory elements, such as enhancers. We first review the current knowledge of general genome organization, followed by the importance of chromatin folding in gene regulation...
May 14, 2018: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765211/usability-and-acceptability-of-technology-for-community-dwelling-older-adults-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-dementia-a-systematic-literature-review
#6
REVIEW
Torhild Holthe, Liv Halvorsrud, Dag Karterud, Kari-Anne Hoel, Anne Lund
Background: The objective of this review was to obtain an overview of the technologies that have been explored with older adults with mild cognitive impairment and dementia (MCI/D), current knowledge on the usability and acceptability of such technologies, and how people with MCI/D and their family carers (FCs) were involved in these studies. Materials and methods: Primary studies published between 2007 and 2017 that explored the use of technologies for community-dwelling people with MCI/D were identified through five databases: MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Embase, AMED, and CINAHL...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759953/acceptability-of-a-mobile-phone-app-for-measuring-time-use-in-breast-cancer-survivors-life-in-a-day-mixed-methods-study
#7
Matthew Cole Ainsworth, Dori Pekmezi, Heather Bowles, Diane Ehlers, Edward McAuley, Kerry S Courneya, Laura Q Rogers
BACKGROUND: Advancements in mobile technology allow innovative data collection techniques such as measuring time use (ie, how individuals structure their time) for the purpose of improving health behavior change interventions. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the acceptability of a 5-day trial of the Life in a Day mobile phone app measuring time use in breast cancer survivors to advance technology-based measurement of time use. METHODS: Acceptability data were collected from participants (N=40; 100% response rate) using a self-administered survey after 5 days of Life in a Day use...
May 14, 2018: JMIR Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748142/asynchronous-unsupervised-video-enhanced-feedback-as-effective-as-direct-expert-feedback-in-the-long-term-retention-of-practical-clinical-skills-randomised-trial-comparing-2-feedback-methods-in-a-cohort-of-novice-medical-students
#8
James Rammell, Joanna Matthan, Matthew Gray, Lucy R Bookless, Craig I Nesbitt, Paul Rodham, John Moss, Gerard Stansby, Alexander W Phillips
OBJECTIVES: To determine the degree of practical clinical skills' retention over a 7-week period after receiving either video-enhanced direct expert feedback (DEF) or asynchronous unsupervised video-enhanced feedback (UVF). DESIGN: A prospective single-blinded randomized trial was conducted over a 7-week period with novice medical students. Following a generic introduction, PowerPoint presentation and live demonstration of intravenous cannulation was given by an expert, and candidates performed the same task in isolation while being recorded and were randomized to receive either DEF or UVF...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742913/the-psychosocial-impact-of-nhs-digital-badges-on-a-school-aged-cohort
#9
Joanne H Alexander, Sarah Neill
Goal-oriented modalities of learning have long been used in educational settings to promote engagement and encourage a step-by-step approach to the acquisition of skills and knowledge. Historically, badges have been material, but in keeping with technological advancements there is a move towards encouraging greater digital engagement. Digital badges are today's version of the Scouts and Guides badge, a virtual non-material version, increasingly being utilized as a pedagogical resource in education and business settings...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742615/honoring-thy-self-in-the-transition-to-online-teaching
#10
Lauren A Maggio, Barbara J Daley, Daniel D Pratt, Dario M Torre
Increasingly health professions education (HPE) faculty are choosing or being required to transition their face-to-face teaching to online teaching. For many faculty, the online learning environment may represent a new context with unfamiliar technology, changing expectations, and unknown challenges. In this context, faculty members may find themselves teaching in ways that are dissonant with the existing assumptions, beliefs, and views that are central to their pedagogical or teaching identity. This "identity dissonance" may lead to dissatisfaction and frustration for the faculty and potentially suboptimal learning experience for students...
May 8, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730958/undergraduate-medical-students-perspectives-of-skills-uses-and-preferences-of-information-technology-in-medical-education-a-cross-sectional-study-in-a-saudi-medical-college
#11
Nehal Khamis, Rawabi Aljumaiah, Alla Alhumaid, Hiba Alraheem, Dalal Alkadi, Cristina Koppel, Hamza Mohammad Abdulghani
BACKGROUND: Information technology (IT) is widely used in medical education. However, there are not enough studies about IT uses and preferences among traditional and problem-based learning (PBL) medical students. AIM: To compare IT skills, uses and preferences for education between traditional and PBL medical students'. METHOD: A cross-sectional study; a modified Educause Center for Analysis and Research online survey was sent to traditional curriculum 5th and PBL 4th year medical students of King Saud University...
May 7, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720792/preventing-neurophobia-remodeling-neurology-education-for-21-st-century-medical-students-through-effective-pedagogical-strategies-for-neurophilia
#12
REVIEW
Bhaskara P Shelley, Thomas V Chacko, Balakrishnan R Nair
Neurology has a reputation, particularly as a complex "head-to-toe" discipline for undergraduate medical students. Neurophobia syndrome, a global phenomenon, fundamentally stems from pedagogical deficiencies during the undergraduate curriculum, the lack of vertical integration between basic neurosciences and clinical bedside neurology, the lack of clinical reasoning exercises, cognitive heuristics, and clinical problem-solving, errors in diagnostic competence, and hyposkilia. This ultimately results in poor clinical competence and proficiency in clinical neurology and causes attrition in nurturing a passion for learning the neurology discipline...
January 2018: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713546/review-of-the-role-of-robotic-surgery-in-male-infertility
#13
REVIEW
Mohamed Etafy, Ahmet Gudeloglu, Jamin V Brahmbhatt, Sijo J Parekattil
Objectives: To present the current state of the art in various robot-assisted microsurgical procedures in male infertility and review the latest literature, as the technology in infertility procedures has substantially developed since the incorporation of the Vinci® robotic platform (Intuitive Surgical, Inc., Sunnyvale, CA, USA). Materials and methods: The search strategy in this review was conducted in accordance with Cochrane guidelines and the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA)...
March 2018: Arab Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712711/medical-nutrition-education-training-and-competencies-to-advance-guideline-based-diet-counseling-by-physicians-a-science-advisory-from-the-american-heart-association
#14
REVIEW
Karen E Aspry, Linda Van Horn, Jo Ann S Carson, Judith Wylie-Rosett, Robert F Kushner, Alice H Lichtenstein, Stephen Devries, Andrew M Freeman, Allison Crawford, Penny Kris-Etherton
Growing scientific evidence of the benefits of heart-healthy dietary patterns and of the massive public health and economic burdens attributed to obesity and poor diet quality have triggered national calls to increase diet counseling in outpatients with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease or risk factors. However, despite evidence that physicians are willing to undertake this task and are viewed as credible sources of diet information, they engage patients in diet counseling at less than desirable rates and cite insufficient knowledge and training as barriers...
April 30, 2018: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710776/circulating-tumor-cell-analysis-in-preclinical-mouse-models-of-metastasis
#15
REVIEW
Jenna Kitz, Lori E Lowes, David Goodale, Alison L Allan
The majority of cancer deaths occur because of metastasis since current therapies are largely non-curative in the metastatic setting. The use of in vivo preclinical mouse models for assessing metastasis is, therefore, critical for developing effective new cancer biomarkers and therapies. Although a number of quantitative tools have been previously developed to study in vivo metastasis, the detection and quantification of rare metastatic events has remained challenging. This review will discuss the use of circulating tumor cell (CTC) analysis as an effective means of tracking and characterizing metastatic disease progression in preclinical mouse models of breast and prostate cancer and the resulting lessons learned about CTC and metastasis biology...
April 28, 2018: Diagnostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709384/current-thinking-in-medical-education-research-an-overview
#16
REVIEW
R Elledge
Medical education is fast becoming a separate focus, and together with their clinical commitments, many clinicians now seek higher qualifications and professional accreditation in the field. Research is also developing, and there is a need for evidence-based practice in education, just as in clinical work. This review gives an overview of research into medical education, and explains the fundamentals of educational theory and the specific considerations for the quantitative and qualitative research methods that pertain to it...
April 28, 2018: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705504/e-learning-and-nursing-assessment-skills-and-knowledge-an-integrative-review
#17
REVIEW
Ewan W McDonald, Jessica L Boulton, Jacqueline L Davis
OBJECTIVES: This review examines the current evidence on the effectiveness of digital technologies or e-based learning for enhancing the skills and knowledge of nursing students in nursing assessment. DESIGN & BACKGROUND: This integrative review identifies themes emerging from e-learning and 'nursing assessment' literature. Literature reviews have been undertaken in relation to digital learning and nursing education, including clinical skills, clinical case studies and the nurse-educator role...
March 21, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704962/new-directions-in-the-cognitive-behavioral-treatment-of-ocd-theory-research-and-practice
#18
Jonathan S Abramowitz, Shannon M Blakey, Lillian Reuman, Jennifer L Buchholz
The beneficial effects of cognitive-behavioral interventions (particularly exposure and response prevention) for OCD are among the most consistent research findings in the mental health literature. Nevertheless, even after an adequate trial, many individuals experience residual symptoms, and others never receive adequate treatment due to limited access. These and other issues have prompted clinicians and researchers to search for ways to improve the conceptual and practical aspects of existing treatment approaches, as well as look for augmentation strategies...
May 2018: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704807/applications-of-low-cost-sensing-technologies-for-air-quality-monitoring-and-exposure-assessment-how-far-have-they-gone
#19
REVIEW
Lidia Morawska, Phong K Thai, Xiaoting Liu, Akwasi Asumadu-Sakyi, Godwin Ayoko, Alena Bartonova, Andrea Bedini, Fahe Chai, Bryce Christensen, Matthew Dunbabin, Jian Gao, Gayle S W Hagler, Rohan Jayaratne, Prashant Kumar, Alexis K H Lau, Peter K K Louie, Mandana Mazaheri, Zhi Ning, Nunzio Motta, Ben Mullins, Md Mahmudur Rahman, Zoran Ristovski, Mahnaz Shafiei, Dian Tjondronegoro, Dane Westerdahl, Ron Williams
Over the past decade, a range of sensor technologies became available on the market, enabling a revolutionary shift in air pollution monitoring and assessment. With their cost of up to three orders of magnitude lower than standard/reference instruments, many avenues for applications have opened up. In particular, broader participation in air quality discussion and utilisation of information on air pollution by communities has become possible. However, many questions have been also asked about the actual benefits of these technologies...
April 25, 2018: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703596/how-to-warn-drivers-in-various-safety-critical-situations-different-strategies-different-reactions
#20
Susann Winkler, Juela Kazazi, Mark Vollrath
Technological advances allow supporting drivers in a multitude of occasions, ranging from comfort enhancement to collision avoidance, for example through driver warnings, which are especially crucial for traffic safety. This psychological driving simulator experiment investigated how to warn drivers visually in order to prevent accidents in various safety-critical situations. Collision frequencies, driving behavior and subjective evaluations of situation criticality, warning understandability and helpfulness of sixty drivers were measured in two trials of eight scenarios each (within-subjects factors)...
April 24, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
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