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Technology enhanced learning

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144388/hyperspectral-image-enhancement-and-mixture-deep-learning-classification-of-corneal-epithelium-injuries
#1
Siti Salwa Md Noor, Kaleena Michael, Stephen Marshall, Jinchang Ren
In our preliminary study, the reflectance signatures obtained from hyperspectral imaging (HSI) of normal and abnormal corneal epithelium tissues of porcine show similar morphology with subtle differences. Here we present image enhancement algorithms that can be used to improve the interpretability of data into clinically relevant information to facilitate diagnostics. A total of 25 corneal epithelium images without the application of eye staining were used. Three image feature extraction approaches were applied for image classification: (i) image feature classification from histogram using a support vector machine with a Gaussian radial basis function (SVM-GRBF); (ii) physical image feature classification using deep-learning Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) only; and (iii) the combined classification of CNNs and SVM-Linear...
November 16, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144386/creating-a-world-class-program-through-training-and-certification
#2
Ann Turner
The animal research field has gotten more sophisticated with the use of genetically engineered animals, biohazardous agents, and advanced technologies. Trained and competent personnel are a cornerstone of any animal care and use program. Individual career success is a combination of education, experience, continuing competence, professional development, and personal commitment. Integration of training and certification into programs demonstrate institutional commitment to quality research and enhance the program by providing staff with knowledge and training to address problems and situation that arise and to perform their job in a professional and effective manner...
November 16, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143450/co-design-of-technology-enhanced-learning-resources
#3
Tamsin Treasure-Jones, Viktoria Joynes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 16, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140767/genomic-medicine-without-borders-which-strategies-should-developing-countries-employ-to-invest-in-precision-medicine-a-new-fast-second-winner-strategy
#4
Konstantinos Mitropoulos, David N Cooper, Christina Mitropoulou, Spiros Agathos, Jürgen K V Reichardt, Fatima Al-Maskari, Wasun Chantratita, Ambroise Wonkam, Collet Dandara, Theodora Katsila, Catalina Lopez-Correa, Bassam R Ali, George P Patrinos
Genomic medicine has greatly matured in terms of its technical capabilities, but the diffusion of genomic innovations worldwide faces significant barriers beyond mere access to technology. New global development strategies are sorely needed for biotechnologies such as genomics and their applications toward precision medicine without borders. Moreover, diffusion of genomic medicine globally cannot adhere to a "one-size-fits-all-countries" development strategy, in the same way that drug treatments should be customized...
November 2017: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135750/student-and-educator-experiences-of-maternal-child-simulation-based-learning-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-evidence
#5
Karen MacKinnon, Lenora Marcellus, Julie Rivers, Carol Gordon, Maureen Ryan, Diane Butcher
BACKGROUND: Although maternal-child care is a pillar of primary health care, there is a global shortage of maternal-child health care providers. Nurse educators experience difficulties providing undergraduate students with maternal-child learning experiences for a number of reasons. Simulation has the potential to complement learning in clinical and classroom settings. Although systematic reviews of simulation are available, no systematic reviews of qualitative evidence related to maternal-child simulation-based learning (SBL) for undergraduate nursing students and/or educators have been located...
November 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127077/is-connected-health-contributing-to-a-healthier-population
#6
Carmen G Loiselle, Saima Ahmed
Connected health tools, including mobile phones, incorporate various functions that capture events, direct actions, and make informed decisions based on complex sources of data. Connected health, a term recently proposed by some academics and industry, refers to the development, testing, and integration of smart technology tools into health care. Through these means, connected health creates interconnectivity across various environments, profoundly changing the way we learn, self-regulate, and communicate with one another...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122571/360%C3%A2-operative-videos-a-randomised-cross-over-study-evaluating-attentiveness-and-information-retention
#7
Cuan M Harrington, Dara O Kavanagh, Gemma Wright Ballester, Athena Wright Ballester, Patrick Dicker, Oscar Traynor, Arnold Hill, Sean Tierney
OBJECTIVE: Although two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional videos have traditionally provided foundations for reviewing operative procedures, the recent 360º format may provide new dimensions to surgical education. This study sought to describe the production of a high quality 360º video for an index-operation (augmented with educational material), while evaluating for variances in attentiveness, information retention, and appraisal compared to 2D. DESIGN: A 6-camera synchronised array (GoPro Omni, [California, United States]) was suspended inverted and recorded an elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy in 2016...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117744/twelve-tips-to-promote-successful-development-of-a-learner-performance-dashboard-within-a-medical-education-program
#8
Christy Boscardin, Kirkpatrick B Fergus, Bonnie Hellevig, Karen E Hauer
Easily accessible and interpretable performance data constitute critical feedback for learners that facilitate informed self-assessment and learning planning. To provide this feedback, there has been a proliferation of educational dashboards in recent years. An educational (learner) dashboard systematically delivers timely and continuous feedback on performance and can provide easily visualized and interpreted performance data. In this paper, we provide practical tips for developing a functional, user-friendly individual learner performance dashboard and literature review of dashboard development, assessment theory, and users' perspectives...
November 9, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117030/piloting-a-sex-specific-technology-enhanced-active-learning-intervention-for-stroke-prevention-in-women
#9
Amanda Dirickson, Sonja E Stutzman, Mark J Alberts, Roberta L Novakovic, Ann M Stowe, Claudia C Beal, Mark P Goldberg, DaiWai M Olson
BACKGROUND: Recent studies reveal deficiencies in stroke awareness and knowledge of risk factors among women. Existing stroke education interventions may not address common and sex-specific risk factors in the population with the highest stroke-related rate of mortality. OBJECTIVE: This pilot study assessed the efficacy of a technology-enhanced, sex-specific educational program ("SISTERS") for women's knowledge of stroke. METHODS: This was an experimental pretest-posttest design...
December 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111222/ssel-ade-a-semi-supervised-ensemble-learning-framework-for-extracting-adverse-drug-events-from-social-media
#10
Jing Liu, Songzheng Zhao, Gang Wang
With the development of Web 2.0 technology, social media websites have become lucrative but under-explored data sources for extracting adverse drug events (ADEs), which is a serious health problem. Besides ADE, other semantic relation types (e.g., drug indication and beneficial effect) could hold between the drug and adverse event mentions, making ADE relation extraction - distinguishing ADE relationship from other relation types - necessary. However, conducting ADE relation extraction in social media environment is not a trivial task because of the expertise-dependent, time-consuming and costly annotation process, and the feature space's high-dimensionality attributed to intrinsic characteristics of social media data...
October 27, 2017: Artificial Intelligence in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107161/evaluation-of-problem-and-simulator-based-learning-on-lumbar-puncture-of-adult-neurology-residency-training
#11
Chenjing Sun, Xiaokun Qi
BACKGROUND: Lumbar puncture (LP) is an essential part of adult neurology residency training. It needs not only technological training but also non-technological training. However, the current assessment tools basically focus on the operated technology of LP. We propose a better training method-problem and simulator-based learning (PSBL) on LP residency training to develop overall skills of neurology residents. METHODS: We enrolled 60 neurology postgraduate-year-1 residents (PGY-1s) from our standardized residents training center and randomly divided them into two groups: the traditional teaching group and PSBL group...
October 26, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099411/learning-with-e-books-and-project-based-strategy-in-a-community-health-nursing-course
#12
Tien-Wen Sung, Ting-Ting Wu
With advances in information technology, "information-assisted instruction" has been gradually introduced to nursing education curricula. Specifically, the integration of an e-book system can effectively enhance nursing students' attention and interest. Most studies on nursing education that incorporated e-books have focused on the advantages of convenience and assistance provided by e-books. Few studies have addressed community health nursing and off-campus practice activities in relation to suitable teaching strategies for learning activities...
November 2, 2017: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097355/a-clinical-reasoning-tool-for-virtual-patients-design-based-research-study
#13
Inga Hege, Andrzej A Kononowicz, Martin Adler
BACKGROUND: Clinical reasoning is a fundamental process medical students have to learn during and after medical school. Virtual patients (VP) are a technology-enhanced learning method to teach clinical reasoning. However, VP systems do not exploit their full potential concerning the clinical reasoning process; for example, most systems focus on the outcome and less on the process of clinical reasoning. OBJECTIVES: Keeping our concept grounded in a former qualitative study, we aimed to design and implement a tool to enhance VPs with activities and feedback, which specifically foster the acquisition of clinical reasoning skills...
November 2, 2017: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093039/virtual-reality-in-pediatric-psychology
#14
REVIEW
Thomas D Parsons, Giuseppe Riva, Sarah Parsons, Fabrizia Mantovani, Nigel Newbutt, Lin Lin, Eva Venturini, Trevor Hall
Virtual reality (VR) technologies allow for controlled simulations of affectively engaging background narratives. These virtual environments offer promise for enhancing emotionally relevant experiences and social interactions. Within this context, VR can allow instructors, therapists, neuropsychologists, and service providers to offer safe, repeatable, and diversifiable interventions that can benefit assessments and learning in both typically developing children and children with disabilities. Research has also pointed to VR's capacity to reduce children's experience of aversive stimuli and reduce anxiety levels...
November 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091240/learning-about-end-of-life-care-in-nursing-a-global-classroom-educational-innovation
#15
Cara Bailey, Alistair Hewison, Shelly Orr, Marianne Baernholdt
BACKGROUND: Teaching nursing students how to provide patient-centered end-of-life care is important and challenging. As traditional face-to-face classroom teaching is increasingly supplanted by digital technology, this provides opportunities for developing new forms of end-of-life care education. The aim of this article is to examine how a global classroom was developed using online technology to enhance nursing students' learning of end-of-life care in England and the United States. METHOD: The PDSA (Plan-Do-Study-Act) quality improvement approach was used to guide the design and delivery of this curriculum innovation...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079277/a-decade-of-imaging-surgeons-brain-function-part-ii-a-systematic-review-of-applications-for-technical-and-nontechnical-skills-assessment
#16
REVIEW
Hemel Narendra Modi, Harsimrat Singh, Guang-Zhong Yang, Ara Darzi, Daniel Richard Leff
BACKGROUND: Functional neuroimaging technologies enable assessment of operator brain function and can deepen our understanding of skills learning, ergonomic optima, and cognitive processes in surgeons. Although there has been a critical mass of data detailing surgeons' brain function, this literature has not been reviewed systematically. METHODS: A systematic search of original neuroimaging studies assessing surgeons' brain function and published up until November 2016 was conducted using Medline, Embase, and PsycINFO databases...
November 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075382/mobile-application-use-among-obstetrics-and-gynecology-residents
#17
Rachel Perry, Roshan M Burns, Rebecca Simon, Julie Youm
BACKGROUND : Mobile applications (apps) are increasingly used in clinical settings, particularly among resident physicians. Apps available to patients and physicians are rapidly expanding. OBJECTIVE : We aimed to describe obstetrics and gynecology (ob-gyn) residents' use of and attitudes toward ob-gyn-related mobile apps. METHODS : We conducted a cross-sectional survey of residents at all 19 California ob-gyn programs using a web-based questionnaire...
October 2017: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072144/a-new-method-for-enhancer-prediction-based-on-deep-belief-network
#18
Hongda Bu, Yanglan Gan, Yang Wang, Shuigeng Zhou, Jihong Guan
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that enhancers are significant regulatory elements to play crucial roles in gene expression regulation. Since enhancers are unrelated to the orientation and distance to their target genes, it is a challenging mission for scholars and researchers to accurately predicting distal enhancers. In the past years, with the high-throughout ChiP-seq technologies development, several computational techniques emerge to predict enhancers using epigenetic or genomic features...
October 16, 2017: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068431/towards-intelligent-interpretation-of-low-strain-pile-integrity-testing-results-using-machine-learning-techniques
#19
De-Mi Cui, Weizhong Yan, Xiao-Quan Wang, Lie-Min Lu
Low strain pile integrity testing (LSPIT), due to its simplicity and low cost, is one of the most popular NDE methods used in pile foundation construction. While performing LSPIT in the field is generally quite simple and quick, determining the integrity of the test piles by analyzing and interpreting the test signals (reflectograms) is still a manual process performed by experienced experts only. For foundation construction sites where the number of piles to be tested is large, it may take days before the expert can complete interpreting all of the piles and delivering the integrity assessment report...
October 25, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059177/automated-deconvolution-of-structured-mixtures-from-heterogeneous-tumor-genomic-data
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Theodore Roman, Lu Xie, Russell Schwartz
With increasing appreciation for the extent and importance of intratumor heterogeneity, much attention in cancer research has focused on profiling heterogeneity on a single patient level. Although true single-cell genomic technologies are rapidly improving, they remain too noisy and costly at present for population-level studies. Bulk sequencing remains the standard for population-scale tumor genomics, creating a need for computational tools to separate contributions of multiple tumor clones and assorted stromal and infiltrating cell populations to pooled genomic data...
October 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
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