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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632018/exploring-the-learnability-and-usability-of-a-near-field-communication-based-application-for-semantic-enrichment-in-children-with-language-disorders
#1
Maria Luisa Lorusso, Emilia Biffi, Massimo Molteni, Gianluigi Reni
Recently, a few software applications (apps) have been developed to enhance vocabulary and conceptual networks to address the needs of children with language impairments (LI), but there is no evidence about their impact and their usability in therapy contexts. Here, we try to fill this gap presenting a system aimed at improving the semantic competence and the structural knowledge of children with LI. The goal of the study is to evaluate learnability, usability, user satisfaction and quality of the interaction between the system and the children...
February 13, 2017: Assistive Technology: the Official Journal of RESNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628584/distributed-data-networks-that-support-public-health-information-needs
#2
David C Tabano, Elizabeth Cole, Erin Holve, Arthur J Davidson
INTRODUCTION: Data networks, consisting of pooled electronic health data assets from health care providers serving different patient populations, promote data sharing, population and disease monitoring, and methods to assess interventions. Better understanding of data networks, and their capacity to support public health objectives, will help foster partnerships, expand resources, and grow learning health systems. METHODS: We conducted semistructured interviews with 16 key informants across the United States, identified as network stakeholders based on their respective experience in advancing health information technology and network functionality...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608036/adaptation-to-climatic-hazards-in-the-savannah-ecosystem-improving-adaptation-policy-and-action
#3
Gerald A B Yiran, Lindsay C Stringer
People in Ghana's savannah ecosystem have historically experienced a range of climatic hazards that have affected their livelihoods. In view of current climate variability and change, and projected increases in extreme events, adaptation to climate risks is vital. Policies have been put in place to enhance adaptation across sub-Saharan Africa in accordance with international agreements. At the same time, local people, through experience, have learned to adapt. This paper examines current policy actions and their implementation alongside an assessment of barriers to local adaptation...
June 12, 2017: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599897/to-the-point-medical-education-technology-and-the-millennial-learner
#4
REVIEW
Laura Hopkins, Brittany S Hampton, Jodi F Abbott, Sandra D Buery-Joyner, Latasha B Craig, John L Dalrymple, David A Forstein, Scott C Graziano, Margaret L Mckenzie, Archana Pradham, Abigail Wolf, Sarah M Page-Ramsey
This article, from the "To The Point" series prepared by the Association of Professors of Gynecology and Obstetrics Undergraduate Medical Education Committee, provides an overview of the characteristics of Millennials, and describes how medical educators can customize and reframe their curricula and teaching methods to maximize Millennial learning. A literature search was performed to identify articles on generational learning. We summarize the importance of understanding the attitudes, ideas, and priorities of Millennials in order to tailor educational methods to stimulate and enhance learning...
June 6, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587501/crude-explorationportraying-industrial-disaster-in-deepwater-horizon-a-film-directed-by-peter-berg-2016-crude-exploration-portraying-industrial-disaster-in-deepwater-horizon-a-film-directed-by-peter-berg-2016
#5
Shane Dixon, Tim Gawley
The 2016 film Deepwater Horizon offers a rare portrayal of industrial disaster. It is novel as there are few film-based treatments of this issue. The film enables the public to learn about the disaster, the lives lost, and the stories of survival, but it also provides the opportunity to examine how industrial disaster and, by extension, occupational health and safety may be publicly framed and understood. This article presents an analysis of Deepwater Horizon. Four primary industrial disaster frames are identified in the film: profit maximization, technology and technology failure, managerial conflict, and worker portrayals...
January 1, 2017: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587494/impact-of-information-and-communication-technology-on-interprofessional-collaboration-for-chronic-disease-management-a-systematic-review
#6
Neil Barr, Diana Vania, Glen Randall, Gillian Mulvale
Objectives Information and communication technology is often lauded as the key to enhancing communication among health care providers. However, its impact on interprofessional collaboration is unclear. The objective of this study was to determine the extent to which it improves communication and, subsequently, enhances interprofessional collaboration in chronic disease management. Methods A systematic review of academic literature using two electronic platforms: HealthSTAR and Web of Science (core collection and MEDLINE)...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Health Services Research & Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583143/fatigue-mitigation-with-sleeptracktxt2-in-air-medical-emergency-care-systems-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
P Daniel Patterson, Charity G Moore, Frank X Guyette, Jack M Doman, Denisse Sequeira, Howard A Werman, Doug Swanson, David Hostler, Joshua Lynch, Lindsey Russo, Linda Hines, Karen Swecker, Michael S Runyon, Daniel J Buysse
BACKGROUND: Most air medical Emergency Medical Services (EMS) clinicians work extended duration shifts, and more than 50% report inadequate sleep, poor sleep quality, and/or poor recovery between shifts. The SleepTrackTXT pilot trial (ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02063737) showed that use of mobile phone text messages could impact EMS clinician self-reported fatigue and sleepiness during long duration shifts. The purpose of the SleepTrackTXT2 trial is to leverage lessons learned from the first SleepTrackTXT study and test an enhanced intervention targeting air medical EMS clinicians...
June 5, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582555/enablers-of-innovation-in-digital-public-health-surveillance-lessons-from-flutracking
#8
Craig B Dalton
Opportunities for digital innovation in public health surveillance have never been greater. Social media data streams, Open Data initiatives, mHealth geotagged data, and the 'internet of things' are ripe for development. To embrace these opportunities we need to provide public health professionals with environments that support experimentation with new technology. Innovative practitioners will lead discovery, adaption, trialling and deployment of new technological solutions mostly developed outside their organisation...
May 1, 2017: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582315/application-of-clinical-intelligence-to-streamline-care-in-aortic-emergencies
#9
Susan K Moats, B Jeffery Richard
This article discusses the lessons learned by an interdisciplinary team in a large metropolitan specialty hospital during the implementation of the Code Aorta protocol for aortic emergencies and the subsequent application of technological enhancements to improve data transfer. Aortic dissections require rapid diagnosis and surgical treatment; thus, in order to optimize patient outcomes, clinicians must be accessible, data must be readily available, and proper prompts and notifications must be made to alert and ready teams...
June 3, 2017: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575462/sharing-and-helping-predictors-of-adolescents-willingness-to-share-diabetes-personal-health-information-with-peers
#10
Sarah E Vaala, Joyce M Lee, Korey K Hood, Shelagh A Mulvaney
Objective: Sharing personal information about type 1 diabetes (T1D) can help adolescents obtain social support, enhance social learning, and improve self-care. Diabetes technologies, online communities, and health interventions increasingly feature data-sharing components. This study examines factors underlying adolescents' willingness to share personal T1D information with peers. Materials and Methods: Participants were 134 adolescents (12-17 years of age; 56% female) who completed an online survey regarding experiences helping others with T1D, perceived social resources, beliefs about the value of sharing information and helping others, and willingness to share T1D information...
May 29, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573360/dual-system-for-enhancing-cognitive-abilities-of-children-with-adhd-using-leap-motion-and-eye-tracking-technologies
#11
Begoña Garcia-Zapirain, Isabel de la Torre Díez, Miguel López-Coronado
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a brain disorder marked by an ongoing pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity that affects with development or functioning. It affects 3-5% of all American and European children. The objective of this paper is to develop and test a dual system for the rehabilitation of cognitive functions in children with ADHD. A technological platform has been developed using the ". NET framework", which makes use of two physiological sensors, -an eye-tracker and a hand gesture recognition sensor- in order to provide children with the opportunity to develop their learning and attention skills...
July 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567414/barriers-in-adopting-blended-learning-in-a-private-university-of-pakistan-and-east-africa-faculty-members-perspective
#12
Nusrat Fatima Rizvi, Saleema Gulzar, Wachira Nicholas, Beatrice Nkoroi
BACKGROUND: Education methods have undergone transformation over the centuries. Use of technology is the cornerstone for innovation in teaching methods. Hence, blended learning which includes face to face and online modalities is being increasingly explored as effective method for learning. This pilot study determines the perceptions of faculty members in a private international university on barriers influencing adoption of technology for teaching and learning. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted through a self-reported questionnaire using 'survey monkey'...
2017: MHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555022/location-enhanced-activity-recognition-in-indoor-environments-using-off-the-shelf-smart-watch-technology-and-ble-beacons
#13
Avgoustinos Filippoupolitis, William Oliff, Babak Takand, George Loukas
Activity recognition in indoor spaces benefits context awareness and improves the efficiency of applications related to personalised health monitoring, building energy management, security and safety. The majority of activity recognition frameworks, however, employ a network of specialised building sensors or a network of body-worn sensors. As this approach suffers with respect to practicality, we propose the use of commercial off-the-shelf devices. In this work, we design and evaluate an activity recognition system composed of a smart watch, which is enhanced with location information coming from Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) beacons...
May 27, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545888/delivering-safer-immunotherapies-for-cancer
#14
Lauren Milling, Yuan Zhang, Darrell J Irvine
Cancer immunotherapy is now a powerful clinical reality, with a steady progression of new drug approvals and a massive pipeline of additional treatments in clinical and preclinical development. However, modulation of the immune system can be a double-edged sword: Drugs that activate immune effectors are prone to serious non-specific systemic inflammation and autoimmune side effects. Drug delivery technologies have an important role to play in harnessing the power of immune therapeutics while avoiding on-target/off-tumor toxicities...
May 22, 2017: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541832/design-and-development-of-the-first-exoskeletal-garment-to-enhance-arm-mobility-for-children-with-movement-impairments
#15
Martha L Hall, Michele A Lobo
Children with a variety of diagnoses have impairments that limit their arm function. Despite the fact that arm function is important for early learning and activities of daily living, there are few tools to assist movement for these children, and existing devices have challenges related to cost, accessibility, comfort, and aesthetics. In this article, we describe the design process and development of the first garment-based exoskeleton to assist arm movement in young children with movement impairments: the Playskin Lift(TM)...
May 25, 2017: Assistive Technology: the Official Journal of RESNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528939/aga-white-paper-training-and-implementation-of-endoscopic-image-enhancement-technologies
#16
Neil Gupta, Joel V Brill, Marcia Canto, Daniel DeMarco, Brian M Fennerty, Loren Laine, David Lieberman, Charles Lightdale, Elizabeth Montgomery, Robert Odze, Douglas Rex, Prateek Sharma, Jeffrey L Tokar, Michael L Kochman
Endoscopic image-enhancement technologies provide opportunities to visualize normal and abnormal tissues within the gastrointestinal (GI) tract in a manner that complements conventional white light endoscopic imaging. The additional information that is obtained enables the endoscopist to better identify, delineate, and characterize lesions and can facilitate targeted biopsies or, in some cases, eliminate the need to send samples for histologic analysis. Some of these technologies have been available for more than a decade, but despite this fact, there is limited use of these technologies by endoscopists...
June 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512692/virtual-reality-enhanced-extinction-of-phobias-and-post-traumatic-stress
#17
REVIEW
Jessica L Maples-Keller, Carly Yasinski, Nicole Manjin, Barbara Olasov Rothbaum
Virtual reality (VR) refers to an advanced technological communication interface in which the user is actively participating in a computer-generated 3-dimensional virtual world that includes computer sensory input devices used to simulate real-world interactive experiences. VR has been used within psychiatric treatment for anxiety disorders, particularly specific phobias and post-traumatic stress disorder, given several advantages that VR provides for use within treatment for these disorders. Exposure therapy for anxiety disorder is grounded in fear-conditioning models, in which extinction learning involves the process through which conditioned fear responses decrease or are inhibited...
May 16, 2017: Neurotherapeutics: the Journal of the American Society for Experimental NeuroTherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506783/the-professional-status-of-infectious-disease-physicians-in-china-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-survey
#18
Chenlu Zhang, Sujuan Li, Jinru Ji, Ping Shen, Chaoqun Ying, Lanjuan Li, Yonghong Xiao
OBJECTIVES: The evolution of infectious diseases (IDs) poses a challenge to many ID physicians, who must either adapt or transition to another career track. This national cross-sectional study assessed the current working conditions and problems faced by ID professionals in China. METHODS: A national questionnaire survey of ID physicians and their facilities throughout China was performed in May- June 2016 using stratified random sampling. RESULTS: A total of 156/300 (52...
May 12, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505027/automated-surveillance-of-healthcare-associated-infections-state-of-the-art
#19
Meander E Sips, Marc J M Bonten, Maaike S M van Mourik
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review describes recent advances in the field of automated surveillance of healthcare-associated infections (HAIs), with a focus on data sources and the development of semiautomated or fully automated algorithms. RECENT FINDINGS: The availability of high-quality data in electronic health records and a well-designed information technology (IT) infrastructure to access these data are indispensable for successful implementation of automated HAI surveillance...
May 12, 2017: Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487535/basic-protocols-in-quantum-reinforcement-learning-with-superconducting-circuits
#20
Lucas Lamata
Superconducting circuit technologies have recently achieved quantum protocols involving closed feedback loops. Quantum artificial intelligence and quantum machine learning are emerging fields inside quantum technologies which may enable quantum devices to acquire information from the outer world and improve themselves via a learning process. Here we propose the implementation of basic protocols in quantum reinforcement learning, with superconducting circuits employing feedback- loop control. We introduce diverse scenarios for proof-of-principle experiments with state-of-the-art superconducting circuit technologies and analyze their feasibility in presence of imperfections...
May 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
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