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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538792/-organizational-commitment-and-job-satisfaction-an-exploratory-study-in-family-health-units-in-portugal
#1
Isabel Pereira, Ana Veloso, Isabel Soares Silva, Patricio Costa
This study explored the relationship between organizational commitment and job satisfaction among workers in family health units. Six family health units in the North of Portugal participated, including 105 health professionals (physicians, nurses, and clinical secretaries). The study used the Portuguese adaptations of the Organizational Commitment Scale by Meyer & Allen (1997) and the Job Satisfaction Survey (Spector, 1985). The results suggest a positive association between organizational commitment and job satisfaction...
May 18, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538776/spontaneous-pneumomediastinum-experience-in-18-patients-during-the-last-12-years
#2
Patrícia Dionísio, Luís Martins, Susana Moreira, Alda Manique, Rita Macedo, Fátima Caeiro, Luísa Boal, Cristina Bárbara
Objective: To characterize clinically all of the patients with spontaneous pneumomediastinum (SPM) admitted to an adult pulmonology ward in Lisbon, Portugal. Methods: This was a retrospective descriptive study of all adult patients (≥ 18 years of age) diagnosed with SPM between January of 2004 and September of 2015. Results: At least one predisposing factor was identified in most (88.9%) of the 18 patients who presented with SPM during the study period...
March 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534458/association-between-dietary-patterns-and-adiposity-from-4-to-7-years-of-age
#3
Catarina Durão, Milton Severo, Andreia Oliveira, Pedro Moreira, António Guerra, Henrique Barros, Carla Lopes
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to evaluate the association of 4-year-old children's dietary patterns with adiposity at 7 years, according to child's sex, using a conceptual model. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. Diet was assessed using an FFQ. Age- and sex-specific BMI standard deviation scores (Z-scores) were defined according to the WHO. Fat mass percentage (FM%), fat mass index (FMI) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) were also considered, converted into Z-scores using sex-specific means and standard deviations of the current sample...
May 23, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534448/the-use-of-escherichia-coli-total-antigens-as-a-complementary-approach-to-address-seropositivity-to-leishmania-antigens-in-canine-leishmaniosis
#4
Carla Lima, João Rodrigo Mesquita, Hugo Brancal, Thomas Vahlenkamp, Ana Rafaela Teixeira, Luís Cardoso, Célia Amorim, Nuno Santarém, Anabela Cordeiro DA Silva
Canine leishmaniosis (CanL) is a major veterinary concern and a public health issue. Serological data are essential for disease management. Several antigens used in serological assays have specificity related problems preventing relevant seropositivity values establishment. Herein we report significant seropositivity level disparity in a study cohort with 384 dogs from eight countries, for antigens traditionally used in CanL - soluble promastigote Leishmania antigens (SPLA) and K39 recombinant protein (rK39): 43·8 and 2·9% for SPLA and rK39, respectively...
May 23, 2017: Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534223/immunoglobulin-m-gene-association-with-autoantibody-reactivity-and-type-1-diabetes
#5
Inês Rolim, Nádia Duarte, Gabriela Barata, João Costa, Luís Gardete-Correia, José Boavida, Rui Duarte, João Raposo, Zulmira Peerally, Manuela Catarino, Carlos Penha-Gonçalves
Several lines of evidence show that autoimmune responses evolving in type 1 diabetes (T1D) patients include the generation of multi-reactive autoantibody (AutoAb) repertoires, but their role in T1D pathogenesis remains elusive. We tested the hypothesis that variants at the immunoglobulin heavy chain (IGH) locus are genetic determinants of AutoAbs against pancreatic antigens and contribute to T1D susceptibility. With this aim, two independent study designs were used: a case-control study and a family-based cohort comprising a total of 240 T1D patients, 172 first-degree relatives (mother and/or father), and 130 unrelated healthy controls living in Portugal...
May 22, 2017: Immunogenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533561/national-ecosystem-assessments-in-europe-a-review
#6
Matthias Schröter, Christian Albert, Alexandra Marques, Wolke Tobon, Sandra Lavorel, Joachim Maes, Claire Brown, Stefan Klotz, Aletta Bonn
National ecosystem assessments form an essential knowledge base for safeguarding biodiversity and ecosystem services. We analyze eight European (sub-)national ecosystem assessments (Portugal, United Kingdom, Spain, Norway, Flanders, Netherlands, Finland, and Germany) and compare their objectives, political context, methods, and operationalization. We observed remarkable differences in breadth of the assessment, methods employed, variety of services considered, policy mandates, and funding mechanisms. Biodiversity and ecosystem services are mainly assessed independently, with biodiversity conceptualized as underpinning services, as a source of conflict with services, or as a service in itself...
October 1, 2016: Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532725/empathy-and-feelings-of-guilt-experienced-by-nurses-a-cross-sectional-study-of-their-role-in-burnout-and-compassion-fatigue-symptoms
#7
Joana Duarte, José Pinto-Gouveia
AIMS: The main goal of this study was to explore the relationships between empathy, empathy-based pathogenic guilt and professional quality of life (burnout and compassion fatigue). We aim to test a model in which we hypothesize that when empathic feelings are related to pathogenic guilt, burnout and compassion fatigue symptoms may be increased. BACKGROUND: Empathy is at the core of nursing practice, and has been associated with positive outcomes not only for the healthcare provider but also for the patient...
June 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530146/an-emerging-integration-between-ionic-liquids-and-nanotechnology-general-uses-and-future-prospects-in-drug-delivery
#8
Tânia Santos de Almeida, Ana Júlio, Joana Portugal Mota, Patrícia Rijo, Catarina Pinto Reis
There is a growing need to develop drug-delivery systems that overcome drawbacks such as poor drug solubility/loading/release, systemic side effects and limited stability. Ionic liquids (ILs) offer many advantages and their tailoring represents a valuable tuning tool. Nano-based systems are also prized materials that prevent drug degradation, enhance their transport/distribution and extend their release. Consequently, structures containing ILs and nanoparticles (NPs) have been developed to attain synergistic effects...
June 2017: Therapeutic Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530108/twelve-day-quintuple-regime-containing-four-antibiotics-as-a-rescue-therapy-for-helicobacter-pylori-eradication-in-the-central-region-of-portugal
#9
Diogo Branquinho, Nuno Miguel Peres de Almeida, Carlos Gregório, Adriano Casela, Maria Manuel Donato, Luís Tomé
BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori eradication rates with standard triple therapy in many countries are clinically unacceptable. Fluoroquinolone resistance is increasing and jeopardizing second-line regimens. There is a growing need for an effective strategy in patients who failed previous therapies. METHODS: This is a single-center, non-randomized clinical study conducted in the central region of Portugal. Sixty-four patients were included with a positive 13C-urea breath test (UBT) or histology for H...
May 22, 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528328/24th-european-congress-on-obesity-eco2017-porto-portugal-may-17-20-2017-abstracts
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 19, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527482/-scientific-research-policy-for-health-in-portugal-i-european-and-national-environment
#11
REVIEW
Cátia Sá Guerreiro, Zulmira Hartz, Luís Sambo, Cláudia Conceição, Gilles Dussault, Giuliano Russo, Miguel Viveiros, Henrique Silveira, Pedro Pita Barros, Paulo Ferrinho
The global debate on scientific research policy for human health has been led by World Health Organisation with important contributions from other stakeholders such as Council on Health Research for Development, the World Bank and the Global Forum for Health Research. Recently it has been dominated by the thematic agendas of major global financiers. There is a growing interest worldwide in making better use of the evidence resulting from scientific research in health, in the decision-making process regarding health policies, which is fraught with difficulties, as it is the case in Europe...
February 27, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527478/-translation-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-satisfaction-with-amplification-in-daily-life-scale-for-european-portuguese
#12
Luis Roque Dos Reis, Mariana Donato, Rita Sousa, Pedro Escada
INTRODUCTION: The scale Satisfaction with Amplification in Daily Life uses a simple and easily administered questionnaire to evaluate the adaptation of individuals to their hearing aids. The objective of this study is to validate the scale for European Portuguese speakers, by means of translation and cultural adaptation of the questionnaire. The study includes an evaluation of reproducibility and a description of the results of the administration of the questionnaire to patients fitted with hearing aids...
February 27, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527106/a-trans-acting-factor-may-modify-age-at-onset-in-familial-amyloid-polyneuropathy-attrv30m-in-portugal
#13
Miguel Alves-Ferreira, Teresa Coelho, Diana Santos, Jorge Sequeiros, Isabel Alonso, Alda Sousa, Carolina Lemos
Although all familial amyloid polyneuropathy (FAP) ATTRV30M patients carry the same causative mutation, early (<40) and late-onset forms (≥50 years) of FAP may coexist in the same family. However, this variability in age at onset is still unexplained. To identify modifiers closely linked to the TTR locus that may in part be associated with age at onset of FAP ATTRV30M, in particular in a group of very early-onset patients (≤30 years) when compared with late-onset individuals. A clinical genetic study at a referral center comprising a sample of 910 Portuguese individuals includes 589 Val30Met carriers, 102 spouses, and 189 controls from the general population...
May 19, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526749/the-origin-and-evolution-of-human-glutaminases-and-their-atypical-c-terminal-ankyrin-repeats
#14
Camila Cristina Pascoal, Zeyaul Islam, Douglas Adamoski, Igor Monteze Ferreira, Ricardo Diogo Righetto, Jefferson Bettini, Rodrigo Villares Portugal, Wyatt W Yue, Ana Gonzalez, Sandra Martha Gomes Dias, Andre Luis Berteli Ambrosio
On the basis of tissue-specific enzyme activity and inhibition by catalytic products, Hans Krebs first demonstrated the existence of multiple glutaminases in mammals. Currently, two human genes are known to encode at least four glutaminase isoforms. However, the phylogeny of these medically relevant enzymes remains unclear, prompting us to investigate their origin and evolution. Using prokaryotic and eukaryotic glutaminase sequences, we built a phylogenetic tree whose topology suggested that the multidomain architecture was inherited from bacterial ancestors, probably simultaneously with the hosting of the proto-mitochondrion endosymbiont...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526036/molecular-characterization-of-dirofilaria-spp-circulating-in-portugal
#15
Cátia Ferreira, Ana Afonso, Manuela Calado, Isabel Maurício, Ana Margarida Alho, José Meireles, Luís Madeira de Carvalho, Silvana Belo
BACKGROUND: Dirofilariosis is a potentially zoonotic parasitic disease, mainly transmitted by mosquito vectors in many parts of the world. Data concerning the canine Dirofilaria species currently circulating in Portugal is scarce. Thereby, a large-scale study was conducted to determine the Dirofilaria spp. present in Portugal, based on a molecular approach, and also to optimize a reliable and highly sensitive species-specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay that could be used for the simultaneous detection and differentiation of Dirofilaria immitis, Dirofilaria repens, and other concurrent filarial species in animal reservoirs...
May 19, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524771/mercury-levels-in-parturient-and-newborns-from-aveiro-region-portugal
#16
Ana Catarina Alves, Marta S Monteiro, Ana Luísa Machado, Mário Oliveira, Ana Bóia, Ana Correia, Nuno Oliveira, Amadeu M V M Soares, Susana Loureiro
Since the outbreak of methylmercury (MeHg) poisoning in Japan and Iraq, mercury (Hg) is classified as well-established teratogen. The Portuguese region of Aveiro faced some decades ago an environmental Hg contamination due to activities from a chlor-alkali plant. Until now, no apparent evaluation was conducted regarding prenatal exposure to Hg in this area. The main objectives of this study were to: i) assess maternal and fetal exposure to Hg in the Aveiro region using noninvasive biological matrices; ii) examine the influence of variables that may contribute to Hg exposure during pregnancy; and iii) improve knowledge regarding metal accumulation and distribution over the maternal-fetal-placental unit...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524757/wood-smoke-exposure-of-portuguese-wildland-firefighters-dna-and-oxidative-damage-evaluation
#17
Ana Abreu, Carla Costa, Susana Pinho E Silva, Simone Morais, Maria do Carmo Pereira, Adília Fernandes, Vanessa Moraes de Andrade, João Paulo Teixeira, Solange Costa
Portugal is among the European Union countries most devastated by forest fires each year. In the last three decades, more than 3.8 million hectares of forest were burned. Wildland firefighters are exposed to a variety of hazards, including many toxic combustion products that may lead to deleterious health effects. Epidemiological studies showed a positive association between firefighting and several chronic diseases, including cancer. Results from biomonitoring studies in firefighters, particularly concerning genotoxicity evaluation, constitute a valuable tool for investigating important occupational hazards...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524015/presence-of-mycobacterium-avium-subs-paratuberculosis-dna-in-milk-used-to-feed-calves-in-portugal
#18
Célia Leão, Ana Botelho, Elisabete Martins, Carla Aguiar, Inês Rebelo, Telmo Nunes, Ricardo Bexiga
This Technical Research communication describes results of a study aimed at detecting the presence of Map in milk fed to calves, and identifying possible risk factors for that presence. A questionnaire was performed on 37 dairy farms and waste milk samples were collected on 3 occasions separated by a minimum of 1 week. For farms not feeding waste milk, bulk tank milk samples were collected instead. A real time PCR for the detection of the IS900 sequence was performed for the detection of Map. A majority of farms (89·2%) fed waste milk, with only one pasteurising the milk before feeding it to calves...
May 2017: Journal of Dairy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523489/occurrence-of-ornithonyssus-sylviarum-in-pet-birds-from-the-district-of-set%C3%A3%C2%BAbal-portugal
#19
Helga Waap, Diana Paulino, Rita Cardoso
Ornithonyssus sylviarum is a blood-feeding ectoparasite of birds and the most serious pest in poultry farms in North America. Although the mites are typically adapted to temperate climates, information on this mite in Europe is sparse, and Dermanyssus gallinae is considered to be the only mite impacting the poultry industry. The present study reports the occurrence of O. sylviarum in pet birds in Portugal. Mites were collected directly from birds and with traps placed in cages and nests at 20 different sampling places belonging to 6 municipalities in the district of Setúbal...
May 18, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522980/acculturation-and-school-adjustment-of-immigrant-youth-in-six-european-countries-findings-from-the-programme-for-international-student-assessment-pisa
#20
Maja K Schachner, Jia He, Boris Heizmann, Fons J R Van de Vijver
School adjustment determines long-term adjustment in society. Yet, immigrant youth do better in some countries than in others. Drawing on acculturation research (Berry, 1997; Ward, 2001) and self-determination theory (Ryan and Deci, 2000), we investigated indirect effects of adolescent immigrants' acculturation orientations on school adjustment (school-related attitudes, truancy, and mathematics achievement) through school belonging. Analyses were based on data from the Programme for International Student Assessment from six European countries, which were combined into three clusters based on their migrant integration and multicultural policies: Those with the most supportive policies (Belgium and Finland), those with moderately supportive policies (Italy and Portugal), and those with the most unsupportive policies (Denmark and Slovenia)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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