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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340180/reliability-study-in-five-languages-of-the-translation-of-the-pain-observational-scale-algoplus
#1
Gisèle Pickering, Fiammetta Monacelli, Juan Manuel Pérez-Castejón Garrote, Hirondina Guarda, Luis Batalha, Stephen Gibson, Sumru Savas, Patrizio Odetti, Federica Gandolfo, Elisa Pastorino, Maria José Carrilho Mugeiro, Isabel Pereira Dias, Asli Kilavuz, Nicolas Macian, Bruno Pereira
Objective. : Acute pain is frequent and underestimated in older persons, especially when they suffer from cognitive impairment. Algoplus is an observational scale for acute pain evaluation, validated in French in older persons with communication disorders. We present the validation by an international expert team of the Algoplus scale in five languages: English, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, and Turkish. Methods. : A total of 181 older consecutive patients were included in five countries (Spain, Australia, Italy, Portugal, and Turkey)...
March 13, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331637/mode-of-delivery-in-drug-dependent-pregnant-women-a-case-control-study
#2
Ana Raquel Neves, Fabiane Neves, Isabel Santos Silva, Maria do Céu Almeida, Pitorra Monteiro
Objective. To determine the contribution of drug use during pregnancy to the route of delivery. Methods. A case-control study was conducted at a hospital in Coimbra, Portugal, between 2001 and 2014. Drug-dependent pregnant women (n = 236) were compared with a control group of low risk women (n = 228) in terms of maternal characteristics, obstetric history, pregnancy complications, and labor details. Factors that influenced the mode of delivery were determined. Statistical analysis was performed with SPSS v...
2017: Journal of Pregnancy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331552/bioenergy-production-and-sustainable-development-science-base-for-policymaking-remains-limited
#3
REVIEW
Carmenza Robledo-Abad, Hans-Jörg Althaus, Göran Berndes, Simon Bolwig, Esteve Corbera, Felix Creutzig, John Garcia-Ulloa, Anna Geddes, Jay S Gregg, Helmut Haberl, Susanne Hanger, Richard J Harper, Carol Hunsberger, Rasmus K Larsen, Christian Lauk, Stefan Leitner, Johan Lilliestam, Hermann Lotze-Campen, Bart Muys, Maria Nordborg, Maria Ölund, Boris Orlowsky, Alexander Popp, Joana Portugal-Pereira, Jürgen Reinhard, Lena Scheiffle, Pete Smith
The possibility of using bioenergy as a climate change mitigation measure has sparked a discussion of whether and how bioenergy production contributes to sustainable development. We undertook a systematic review of the scientific literature to illuminate this relationship and found a limited scientific basis for policymaking. Our results indicate that knowledge on the sustainable development impacts of bioenergy production is concentrated in a few well-studied countries, focuses on environmental and economic impacts, and mostly relates to dedicated agricultural biomass plantations...
March 2017: Global Change Biology. Bioenergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330410/outcome-and-management-of-refractory-respiratory-failure-with-timely-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenationsingle-center-experience-with-legionella-pneumonia
#4
Roberto Roncon-Albuquerque, Rodrigo Vilares-Morgado, Gert-Jan van der Heijden, João Ferreira-Coimbra, Paulo Mergulhão, José Artur Paiva
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the management and outcome of patients with refractory respiratory failure complicating severe Legionella pneumonia rescued with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in our Center. DESIGN AND SETTING: Observational study of patients with refractory respiratory failure treated with ECMO in Hospital S.João (Porto, Portugal), between November 2009 and September 2016. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 112 patients rescued with ECMO, of which 14 had Legionella pneumonia...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329423/does-the-vulnerability-paradox-in-ptsd-apply-to-women-and-men-an-exploratory-study
#5
Michel L A Dückers, Miranda Olff
Recent research suggests that greater country vulnerability is associated with a decreased, rather than increased, risk of mental health problems. Because societal parameters may have gender-specific implications, our objective was to explore whether the "vulnerability paradox" equally applies to women and men. Lifetime posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) prevalence data for women and men were retrieved from 11 population studies (N = 57,031): conducted in Australia, Brazil, Canada, France, Lebanon, Mexico, Netherlands, Portugal, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United States...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325497/prognostic-factors-of-weight-loss-after-sleeve-gastrectomy-multi-centre-study-in-spain-and-portugal
#6
Raquel Sanchez Santos, Ricard Corcelles, Ramón Vilallonga Puy, Salvadora Delgado Rivilla, José Vicente Ferrer, Javier Foncillas Corvinos, Carlos Masdevall Noguera, Maria Socas Macias, Pedro Gomes, Carmen Balague Ponz, Jorge de Tomas Palacios, Sergio Ortiz Sebastian, Andrés Sanchez Pernaute, José Julián Puche Pla, Fátima Sabench Pereferrer, Julen Abasolo Vega, Xavier Suñol Sala, Ana Garcia Navarro, Carlos Duran Escribano, Norberto Cassinello Fernandez, Nieves Perez, José Antonio Gracia Solanas, Francisca Garcia-Moreno Nisa, Alberto Hernández Matias, Víctor Valentí Azcarate, José Eduardo Perez Folques, Inmaculada Navarro Garcia, Eduardo Dominguez-Adame Lanuza, Sagrario Martinez Cortijo, Jesús González Fernández
INTRODUCTION: Sleeve gastrectomy (SG) has become a technique in its own right although a selective or global indication remains controversial. The weight loss data at 5 years are heterogeneous. The aim of the study is to identify possible prognostic factors of insufficient weight loss after SG. METHODS: A SG retrospective multicenter study of more than one year follow-up was performed. Failure is considered if EWL>50%. Univariate and multivariate study of Cox regression were performed to identify prognostic factors of failure of weight loss at 1, 2 and 3 years of follow up...
March 18, 2017: Cirugía Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321363/high-unexpected-genetic-diversity-of-a-narrow-endemic-terrestrial-mollusc
#7
Pedro M Madeira, Rosa M Chefaoui, Regina L Cunha, Francisco Moreira, Susana Dias, Gonçalo Calado, Rita Castilho
The Iberian Peninsula has an extensive record of species displaying strong genetic structure as a result of their survival in isolated pockets throughout the Pleistocene ice ages. We used mitochondrial and nuclear sequence data to analyze phylogeographic patterns in endemic land snails from a valley of central Portugal (Vale da Couda), putatively assigned to Candidula coudensis, that show an exceptionally narrow distributional range. The genetic survey presented here shows the existence of five main mitochondrial lineages in Vale da Couda that do not cluster together suggesting independent evolutionary histories...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320443/co-circulation-of-west-nile-virus-and-distinct-insect-specific-flaviviruses-in-turkey
#8
Koray Ergünay, Nadine Litzba, Annika Brinkmann, Filiz Günay, Yasemen Sarıkaya, Sırrı Kar, Serra Örsten, Kerem Öter, Cristina Domingo, Özge Erisoz Kasap, Aykut Özkul, Luke Mitchell, Andreas Nitsche, Bülent Alten, Yvonne-Marie Linton
BACKGROUND: Active vector surveillance provides an efficient tool for monitoring the presence or spread of emerging or re-emerging vector-borne viruses. This study was undertaken to investigate the circulation of flaviviruses. Mosquitoes were collected from 58 locations in 10 provinces across the Aegean, Thrace and Mediterranean Anatolian regions of Turkey in 2014 and 2015. Following morphological identification, mosquitoes were pooled and screened by nested and real-time PCR assays. Detected viruses were further characterised by sequencing...
March 20, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319706/fire-spread-predictions-sweeping-uncertainty-under-the-rug
#9
Akli Benali, Ana C L Sá, Ana R Ervilha, Ricardo M Trigo, Paulo M Fernandes, José M C Pereira
Predicting fire spread and behavior correctly is crucial to minimize the dramatic consequences of wildfires. However, our capability of accurately predicting fire spread is still very limited, undermining the utility of such simulations to support decision-making. Improving fire spread predictions for fire management purposes, by using higher quality input data or enhanced models, can be expensive, unfeasible or even impossible. Fire managers would benefit from fast and inexpensive ways of improving their decision-making...
March 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318855/disability-adjusted-life-years-lost-due-to-ischemic-heart-disease-in-mainland-portugal-2013
#10
Ana Henriques, Carla Araújo, Marta Viana, Olga Laszczynska, Marta Pereira, Kathleen Bennett, Nuno Lunet, Ana Azevedo
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Estimates of the burden of ischemic heart disease (IHD), including geographic differences, should support health policy decisions. We set out to estimate the burden of IHD in mainland Portugal in 2013 by calculating disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) and to compare this burden between five regions. METHODS: Years of life lost (YLLs) were calculated by multiplying the number of IHD deaths in 2013 (Statistics Portugal) by the life expectancy at the age at which death occurred...
March 16, 2017: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318771/cross-protection-to-new-drifted-influenza-a-h3-viruses-and-prevalence-of-protective-antibodies-to-seasonal-influenza-during-2014-in-portugal
#11
Raquel Guiomar, Susana Pereira da Silva, Patrícia Conde, Paula Cristóvão, Ana Carina Maia, Pedro Pechirra, Ana Paula Rodrigues, Baltazar Nunes, Luís Milho, Ana Paula Coelho, Aida Fernandes, Paula Caseiro, Fernando Rodrigues, Lurdes Correia, João Pereira-Vaz, Sofia Almeida, Paula Branquinho, Rita Côrte-Real, Regina Viseu, Maria João Peres, Raquel Sanches, Filipa Dantas, Ludovina Freitas, Graça Andrade, Manuel Maurílio, Filomena Caldeira, Rita Cabral Veloso, Luisa Mota-Vieira, Marta Soares, Ana Rita Couto, Jácome Bruges-Armas, Rita Mouro Pinto, Joana Sobrinho Simões, Maria do Rosário Costa, João Tiago Guimarães, Luís Martins, Mário Cunha
INTRODUCTION: Immune profile for influenza viruses is highly changeable over time. Serological studies can assess the prevalence of influenza, estimate the risk of infection, highlight asymptomatic infection rate and can also provide data on vaccine coverage. The aims of the study were to evaluate pre-existing cross-protection against influenza A(H3) drift viruses and to assess influenza immunity in the Portuguese population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We developed a cross-sectional study based on a convenience sample of 626 sera collected during June 2014, covering all age groups, both gender and all administrative health regions of Portugal...
March 15, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318723/pan-european-survey-of-the-topical-ocular-use-of-cyclosporine-a
#12
A Labbé, C Baudouin, D Ismail, M Amrane, J-S Garrigue, A Leonardi, F C Figueiredo, G Van Setten, M Labetoulle
OBJECTIVE: To assess medical practices surrounding the use of topical ocular cyclosporine A across European Union nations. METHODS: Key stakeholders (ophthalmologists, hospital pharmacists, regulatory health authorities) from European Union member states were interviewed by telephone using a semi-structured, open-ended questionnaire. Ophthalmologists responded to questions about practice patterns of cyclosporine A use (prescription frequency, indication, dosage), pharmacists about cyclosporine A formulations (composition, manufacturing process, quality control, distribution), and the regulatory authorities about market authorization and pharmacovigilance for various cyclosporine A products...
March 16, 2017: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315518/real-world-outcomes-of-anti-vegf-treatment-for-retinal-vein-occlusion-in-portugal
#13
Sara Vaz-Pereira, Inês P Marques, João Matias, Filipe Mira, Lígia Ribeiro, Rita Flores
PURPOSE: Retinal vein occlusion (RVO) is an important cause of visual disability in the modern world. We aim to evaluate the real-world outcomes of patients with RVO treated with anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in Portugal. METHODS: We performed a retrospective, observational, multicenter study including 8 centers across Portugal and 200 patients treated with either ranibizumab or bevacizumab. Data were collected at 3 time points: time of diagnosis (0 time point) and 6 and 12 months after initiating treatment...
February 28, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304252/utility-of-orchidometric-parameters-for-assessing-sexual-maturation-in-male-cynomolgus-macaques-macaca-fascicularis
#14
Michael L Mirsky, Susan Portugal, Harshan Pisharath, Jodi L Osowski, Laura Kearney
Testicular volume is one of several parameters that have been used in preclinical toxicology to facilitate the identification of sexually mature male cynomolgus macaques when semen evaluation is unavailable. Furthermore, testicular volume provides additional information to pathologists to aid in the interpretation of microscopic findings. Orchidometry has been proposed as a useful tool for assessing testicular volume. To assess its utility for this purpose, we used orchidometry to measure testicular volume in untreated control male cynomolgus macaques during preclinical toxicology studies...
December 1, 2016: Comparative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303553/overview-of-the-radiographers-practice-in-65-healthcare-centers-using-digital-mammography-systems-in-portugal
#15
Cláudia Sá Dos Reis, Ana Pascoal, Lucian Radu, Mário Fartaria de Oliveira, João Alves
PURPOSE: To assess current practices in digital mammography (DM) in Portuguese healthcare providers using digital systems. To investigate compliance with European standards regarding mean glandular dose and quality control practice and to identify optimisation needs. METHODS: Two questionnaires, targeted at breast radiographers and chief radiographers, were designed and applied in 65 imaging departments offering DM. Questions fielded were focused on the staff profile and technical/clinical practice...
March 16, 2017: Insights Into Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303190/combined-effects-of-landscape-composition-and-heterogeneity-on-farmland-avian-diversity
#16
Joana Santana, Luís Reino, Chris Stoate, Francisco Moreira, Paulo F Ribeiro, José L Santos, John T Rotenberry, Pedro Beja
Conserving biodiversity on farmland is an essential element of worldwide efforts for reversing the global biodiversity decline. Common approaches involve improving the natural component of the landscape by increasing the amount of natural and seminatural habitats (e.g., hedgerows, woodlots, and ponds) or improving the production component of the landscape by increasing the amount of biodiversity-friendly crops. Because these approaches may negatively impact on economic output, it was suggested that an alternative might be to enhance the diversity (compositional heterogeneity) or the spatial complexity (configurational heterogeneity) of land cover types, without necessarily changing composition...
February 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301176/trajectories-on-the-path-to-reciprocity-a-theoretical-framework-for-collaborating-with-socioeconomically-disadvantaged-communities
#17
Maria Minas, Maria Teresa Ribeiro, James P Anglin
The importance of cultivating connection to enhance individual, relational and collective well-being is gaining attention in the current literature on building community. Although these goals are being increasingly considered, the concept of reciprocity has been less prominent than may be warranted in the field of psychology. This article presents a theoretical framework on the dynamics of reciprocity which resulted from grounded theory (GT) research involving 2 complementary studies. The first study involved 22 participants from different socioeconomic backgrounds engaged in "reflecting-team with appreciative audiences" sessions (Madsen, 2007) in Portugal...
March 16, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300995/health-care-of-people-in-homelessness-a-comparative-study-of-mobile-units-in-portugal-united-states-and-brazil
#18
Igor da Costa Borysow, Eleonor Minho Conill, Juarez Pereira Furtado
This paper describes and analyzes the legal and normative framework guiding the use of mobile units in Portugal, United States and Brazil, which seek to improve access and continuity of care for people in homelessness. We used a comparative analysis through literature and documentary review relating three categories: context (demographic, socio-economic and epidemiological), services system (access, coverage, organization, management and financing) and, specifically, mobile units (design, care and financing model)...
March 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300992/continuity-of-care-from-the-perspective-of-users
#19
Felismina Rosa P Mendes, Maria Laurência G Parreirinha Gemito, Ermelinda do Carmo Caldeira, Isaura da Conceição Serra, Maria Vitória Casas-Novas
Continuity of care, in addition to ensuring improvement of the quality of care, contributes to the reduction of health costs. The objective of this study was to analyse the continuity of care in health units in the municipality of Évora (south of Portugal), from the perspective of users. This is across-sectional, exploratory and descriptive study with a quantitative approach, with a sample consisting of 342 users of health units. The instrument was a questionnaire adapted from English and Spanish studies. The results show that elements of continuity were identified in the different dimensions of the continuity of care - relational, management, information and some items of flexible continuity...
March 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300984/the-voice-of-primary-care-patients-in-the-lisbon-and-tagus-valley-region-of-portugal
#20
Pedro Lopes Ferreira, Vítor M Raposo, Luis Pisco
This article was the result of a study aimed at determining the degree of user satisfaction with the care provided in the 125 Family Health Units (Unidades de Saúde Familiar - USF) and in some of the 127 Personalized Health Care Units (Unidades de Cuidados de Saúde Personalizados - UCSP) of the Region of Lisbon and Tagus Valley (LVT). A total of 20,118 questionnaires were distributed and 16,965 received (89.0% response rate). The data collection instrument used was the Europep questionnaire, essentially measuring four dimensions: medical care, non-medical care, organization of care and quality of premises...
March 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
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