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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650776/women-s-preferences-for-menstrual-bleeding-frequency-in-12-european-countries-the-inconvenience-due-to-women-s-monthly-bleeding-isy-survey
#1
Christian Fiala, Nathalie Chabbert-Buffet, Günther Häusler, Christian Jamin, Iñaki Lete, Paloma Lobo, Rossella E Nappi, Axelle Pintiaux
OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to assess the level of inconvenience associated with menstrual bleeding and determine how many women across 12 European countries would prefer a bleeding frequency of less than once a month and what would motivate their choice. METHODS: A 15-min quantitative online survey was conducted in two waves among 5728 women aged between 18 and 45 years, with an equal distribution of women using a combined hormonal contraceptive (CHC group, n = 2739) and women using a non-hormonal contraceptive or no contraceptive (non-HC group, n = 2989)...
June 26, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650693/healthy-bovines-as-reservoirs-of-major-pathogenic-lineages-of-staphylococcus-aureus-in-portugal
#2
Teresa Conceição, Hermínia de Lencastre, Marta Aires-de-Sousa
The nosocomial prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in Portugal is close to 50% and remains one of the highest in Europe. MRSA reservoirs in the animal setting in Portugal have been very poorly investigated, namely among animal husbandry. A total of 52 samples (nasal, inguinal region, and milk) were obtained from bovine animals and analyzed for the presence of S. aureus. The isolates were characterized by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), spa typing, SCCmec typing, and multilocus sequence typing and tested for antimicrobial susceptibility, presence of mecA and mecC genes, and virulence determinants...
June 26, 2017: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649351/new-insights-into-the-genetic-composition-and-phylogenetic-relationship-of-wolves-and-dogs-in-the-iberian-peninsula
#3
Ana Elisabete Pires, Isabel R Amorim, Carla Borges, Fernanda Simões, Tatiana Teixeira, Andreia Quaresma, Francisco Petrucci-Fonseca, José Matos
This study investigates the gene pool of Portuguese autochthonous dog breeds and their wild counterpart, the Iberian wolf subspecies (Canis lupus signatus), using standard molecular markers. A combination of paternal and maternal molecular markers was used to investigate the genetic composition, genetic differentiation and genetic relationship of native Portuguese dogs and the Iberian wolf. A total of 196 unrelated dogs, including breed and village dogs from Portugal, and other dogs from Spain and North Africa, and 56 Iberian wolves (wild and captive) were analyzed for nuclear markers, namely Y chromosome SNPs, Y chromosome STR loci, autosomal STR loci, and a mitochondrial fragment of the control region I...
June 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649337/the-role-of-conservative-versus-innovative-nesting-behavior-on-the-25-year-population-expansion-of-an-avian-predator
#4
Andreia Dias, Luís Palma, Filipe Carvalho, Dora Neto, Joan Real, Pedro Beja
Species ranges often change in relation to multiple environmental and demographic factors. Innovative behaviors may affect these changes by facilitating the use of novel habitats, although this idea has been little explored. Here, we investigate the importance of behavior during range change, using a 25-year population expansion of Bonelli's eagle in southern Portugal. This unique population is almost exclusively tree nesting, while all other populations in western Europe are predominantly cliff nesting. During 1991-2014, we surveyed nest sites and estimated the year when each breeding territory was established...
June 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649326/viral-gut-metagenomics-of-sympatric-wild-and-domestic-canids-and-monitoring-of-viruses-insights-from-an-endangered-wolf-population
#5
Nádia Conceição-Neto, Raquel Godinho, Francisco Álvares, Claude K Yinda, Ward Deboutte, Mark Zeller, Lies Laenen, Elisabeth Heylen, Sara Roque, Francisco Petrucci-Fonseca, Nuno Santos, Marc Van Ranst, João R Mesquita, Jelle Matthijnssens
Animal host-microbe interactions are a relevant concern for wildlife conservation, particularly regarding generalist pathogens, where domestic host species can play a role in the transmission of infectious agents, such as viruses, to wild animals. Knowledge on viral circulation in wild host species is still scarce and can be improved by the recent advent of modern molecular approaches. We aimed to characterize the fecal virome and identify viruses of potential conservation relevance of diarrheic free-ranging wolves and sympatric domestic dogs from Central Portugal, where a small and threatened wolf population persists in a highly anthropogenically modified landscape...
June 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647427/first-molecular-detection-of-leishmania-infantum-in-sergentomyia-minuta-diptera-psychodidae-in-alentejo-southern-portugal
#6
S Pereira, D Pita-Pereira, T Araujo-Pereira, C Britto, T Costa-Rego, J Ferrolho, M Vilhena, E F Rangel, M L Vilela, M O Afonso
Protozoan parasites, such as Leishmania spp., are the causative agents of many insect-borne infectious diseases with medical and veterinary importance. Leishmaniasis, caused by Leishmania spp., is transmitted by female phlebotomine sand flies. In the Alentejo region of Portugal, located at the north of Algarve, cases of human and canine leishmaniasis caused by Leishmania infantum have been notified. However, no recent studies regarding the sand fly fauna in the region are available. We therefore aimed to explore the phlebotomine sand fly species found in both, Évora and Beja Districts, to gain an insight about the leishmaniasis epidemiology in these areas...
June 21, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647285/contrasting-patterns-of-energy-metabolism-in-northern-vs-southern-peripheral-european-flounder-populations-exposed-to-temperature-rising-and-hypoxia
#7
Nicolas Pédron, Jessy Le Du, Grégory Charrier, José-Luis Zambonino-Infante, Nicolas Le Bayon, Rita P Vasconcelos, Vanessa F Fonseca, Fabienne Le Grand, Jean Laroche
A two months common garden experiment was carried out to explore the potential differences of energy metabolism in northern core (France, 50°N and 47°N) vs southern peripheral (Portugal, 41°N) populations of European flounder Platichthys flesus, submitted to cold condition (CC: water temperature = 10 °C) and to warm and hypoxic condition (WHC: water temperature = 22 °C, and moderate hypoxia with O2 saturation = 40% during the last 6 days). Convergent growth rates (in length) were observed in the different populations and conditions, when the southern peripheral population of Portugal did not grow under cold conditions...
June 15, 2017: Marine Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646879/discovery-of-a-single-male-aedes-aegypti-l-in-merseyside-england
#8
Thom Dallimore, Tony Hunter, Jolyon M Medlock, Alexander G C Vaux, Ralph E Harbach, Clare Strode
BACKGROUND: The mosquito Aedes aegypti (L.) is found in tropical and sub-tropical regions where it is the major vector of dengue fever, yellow fever, chikungunya and more recently Zika virus. Given its importance as a vector of arboviruses and its propensity to be transported to new regions, the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) has placed Ae. aegypti on a list of potentially invasive mosquito species. It was previously reported in the United Kingdom (UK) in 1865 and 1919 but did not establish on either occasion...
June 24, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646202/the-microbiome-of-endophytic-wood-colonizing-bacteria-from-pine-trees-as-affected-by-pine-wilt-disease
#9
Diogo Neves Proença, Romeu Francisco, Susanne Kublik, Anne Schöler, Gisle Vestergaard, Michael Schloter, Paula V Morais
Pine wilt disease (PWD) is a devastating forest disease present worldwide. In this study we analyzed the effects of the invasion of the pinewood nematode Bursaphelenchus xylophilus, the major pathogen causing PWD, on the endophytic microbiome of adult P. pinaster trees. Wood samples from trees with different degrees of PWD disease were collected at two sites (A and M) in Portugal. Endophytic bacteria were characterized based on directly extracted DNA by fingerprinting and barcoding using the 16S rRNA gene as marker...
June 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645794/european-distribution-for-metacercariae-of-the-north-american-digenean-posthodiplostomum-cf-minimum-centrarchi-strigeiformes-diplostomidae
#10
Yuriy Kvach, Pavel Jurajda, Anna Bryjová, Teodora Trichkova, Filip Ribeiro, Iva Přikrylová, Markéta Ondračková
Metacercariae of a North American digenean Posthodiplostomum cf. minimum centrarchi (Strigeiformes: Diplostomidae), have been reported from seven localities in Europe, with cysts recorded in the mesentery and internal organs of two invasive non-indigenous fishes (Lepomis gibbosus and Micropterus salmoides) from sites in Bulgaria, the Czech Republic and Portugal. Analysis of rDNA locus ITS1-ITS2-28S confirmed a closer relationship to the American Posthodiplostomum species than the common European species P. cuticola or P...
June 20, 2017: Parasitology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643592/the-burden-of-multiple-sclerosis-2015-methods-of-data-collection-assessment-and-analysis-of-costs-quality-of-life-and-symptoms
#11
Gisela Kobelt, Jennifer Eriksson, Glenn Phillips, Jenny Berg
INTRODUCTION: This article describes the methods used to perform this large European-wide burden-of-illness study on multiple sclerosis (MS) using individual patient data. METHODS: The study collected all MS-related resource consumption, workforce participation, prevalent disease symptoms and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Patients were recruited by national patient associations and, after informed consent, completed a specific questionnaire either on-line or on paper...
August 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643585/new-insights-into-the-burden-and-costs-of-multiple-sclerosis-in-europe-results-for-portugal
#12
Maria José Sá, Gisela Kobelt, Jenny Berg, Daniela Capsa, Johan Dalén
BACKGROUND: In order to assess the value of management strategies in multiple sclerosis (MS), outcome data have to be combined with cost data. This, in turn, requires that cost data be regularly updated. OBJECTIVE AND METHODS: This study is part of a cross-sectional retrospective study in 16 countries collecting current data on resource consumption, work capacity and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Descriptive analyses are presented by level of severity; costs are estimated in the societal perspective, in EUR 2015...
August 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643399/distributed-health-literacy-among-people-living-with-type-2-diabetes-in-portugal-defining-levels-of-awareness-and-support
#13
Liliana Abreu, João Arriscado Nunes, Peter Taylor, Susana Silva
This study embraces a patient-centred and narrative-oriented notion of health literacy, exploring how social networks and personal experiences constitute distributed health literacy (DHL) by mapping out health literacy mediators of each individual and how they enable self-management skills and knowledge of health conditions. Semi-structured interviews with 26 patients with type 2 diabetes were conducted in a Primary Care Center of Porto (Portugal) from October 2014 to December 2015. Data were collected based on McGill Illness Narrative Interview (MINI)...
June 22, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641955/molecular-identification-of-novel-phlebovirus-sequences-in-european-ticks
#14
Maren Prinz, Jonas Fuchs, Steffen Ehrmann, Michael Scherer-Lorenzen, Georg Kochs, Marcus Panning
In recent years the number of newly described tick-borne phleboviruses has been steadily growing. Some of these novel viruses are highly pathogenic in humans, e.g. the Heartland and severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus. We aimed to analyse ticks sampled across Europe to investigate the diversity of phleboviruses using a comprehensive PCR-based screening approach. A total of 4387 ticks were collected from the vegetation in regions of France, Belgium, Germany, Sweden, and Estonia, respectively. Ticks were pooled and 22/979 pools tested positive using a PCR targeting the large (L) segment of phleboviruses...
June 15, 2017: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639220/emergence-of-rabbit-haemorrhagic-disease-virus-2-in-the-archipelago-of-madeira-portugal-2016-2017
#15
Carina Luísa Carvalho, Sara Silva, Paz Gouveia, Margarida Costa, Elsa Leclerc Duarte, Ana Margarida Henriques, Sílvia Santos Barros, Tiago Luís, Fernanda Ramos, Teresa Fagulha, Miguel Fevereiro, Margarida Dias Duarte
We report the detection of rabbit haemorrhagic disease virus 2 (RHDV2) in the Madeira archipelago, Portugal. Viral circulation was confirmed by RT-qPCR and vp60 sequencing. Epidemiological data revealed the outbreak initiated in October 2016 in Porto Santo affecting wild and domestic rabbits. It was then detected three months later on the island of Madeira. Five haplotypes were identified and a genetic overall similarity of 99.54 to 99.89% was observed between the two viral populations. Unique single nucleotide polymorphisms were recognised in the Madeira archipelago strains, two of which resulting in amino acid substitutions at positions 480 and 570 in the VP60 protein...
June 21, 2017: Virus Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638403/jaburetox-update-on-a-urease-derived-peptide
#16
REVIEW
Arlete Beatriz Becker-Ritt, Camila Saretta Portugal, Célia Regina Carlini
Urease from Canavalia ensiformis seeds was the first enzyme ever to be crystallized, in 1926. These proteins, found in plants, bacteria and fungi, present different biological properties including catalytic hydrolysis of urea, and also enzyme-independent activities, such as induction of exocytosis, pro-inflammatory effects, neurotoxicity, antifungal and insecticidal properties. Urease is toxic to insects and fungi per se but part of this toxicity relies on an internal peptide (~11 kDa), which is released upon digestion of the protein by insect enzymes...
2017: Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins Including Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635454/around-the-world
#17
(no author information available yet)
1 Cancer Nursing and Nurse Practitioners conference 17-18 July, Lisbon, Portugal tinyurl.com/cancer-nursing-portugal.
June 21, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635119/the-detection-and-prevention-of-unintentional-consumption-of-dox-and-25x-nbome-at-portugal-s-boom-festival
#18
Daniel Martins, Monica J Barratt, Cristiana Vale Pires, Helena Carvalho, Mireia Ventura, Iván Fornís, Helena Valente
OBJECTIVE: This paper describes the misrepresentation of LSD at Portugal's Boom Festival 2014 and the prevention of unintentional consumption of DOx and 25x-NBOMe among LSD consumers attending a drug-checking service. METHODS: Two hundred forty-five drug samples expected to contain LSD were submitted to the drug-checking service for chemical analysis. One hundred ten post-test questionnaires were successfully matched with test results. RESULTS: About 67...
June 21, 2017: Human Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633703/tuberculosis-inequalities-and-socio-economic-deprivation-in-portugal
#19
D Apolinário, A I Ribeiro, E Krainski, P Sousa, M Abranches, R Duarte
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the geographical distribution of tuberculosis (TB) in Portugal and estimate the association between TB and socio-economic deprivation. METHODS: An ecological study at the municipality level using TB notifications for 2010-2014 was conducted. Spatial Bayesian models were used to calculate smoothed standardised notification rates, identify high- and low-risk areas and estimate the association between TB notification and the European Deprivation Index (EDI) for Portugal and its component variables...
July 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633364/restricted-health-care-entitlements-for-child-migrants-in-europe-and-australia
#20
Liv Stubbe Østergaard, Marie Norredam, Claire Mock-Munoz de Luna, Mitch Blair, Sharon Goldfeld, Anders Hjern
More than 300 000 asylum seeking children were registered in Europe alone during 2015. In this study, we examined entitlements for health care for these and other migrant children in Europe and Australia in a framework based on United Nations Convention of the Rights of the Child (UNCRC). Survey to child health professionals, NGO's and European Ombudspersons for Children in 30 EU/EEA countries and Australia, supplemented by desktop research of official documents. Migrant children were categorised as asylum seekers and irregular/undocumented migrants...
June 14, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
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