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Gonçalo Forjaz de Lacerda, Scott P Kelly, Joana Bastos, Clara Castro, Alexandra Mayer, Angela B Mariotto, William F Anderson
BACKGROUND: Female breast cancer incidence rates have been increasing in Portugal for years. We, therefore, conducted the first nationwide breast cancer study to assess regional differences. METHODS: Cases were obtained from population-based cancer registries covering the country's Mainland (South, North, Centre), as well as the two Autonomous Regions (Azores and Madeira), for the time-period 1998 through 2011. Analyses were restricted to ages 30-84 years and stratified by region...
March 12, 2018: Cancer Epidemiology
Mariusz Kanturski, Shalva Barjadze, Andrew S Jensen, Karina Wieczorek
The aphid genus Myzaphis van der Goot, 1913 from the tribe Macrosiphini is revised to include eight species. Apterous and alate viviparous females, known fundatrices and known sexual morphs (oviparous females and males) of Myzaphis bucktoni, M. juchnevitschae, M. rosarum, M. tianshanica and M. turanica are re-described and illustrated. Lectotype and paralectotypes of Myzaphis bucktoni and M. turanica are designated. The status of M. komatsubarae nomen dubium is discussed. Myzaphis avariolosa is regarded as a species belonging to the genus Ericaphis...
2018: PloS One
V C Graça, Maria Inês Dias, Lillian Barros, Ricardo C Calhelha, P F Santos, Isabel C F R Ferreira
Geranium molle L., commonly known as Dove's-foot Crane's-bill or Dovesfoot Geranium, is an herbaceous plant belonging to the Geraniaceae family. Contrary to many other Geranium species, the bioactivity and the phytochemical composition of G. molle seem not to have attracted attention until a recent study from our group regarding the bioactivity of several aqueous and organic extracts of the plant. In particular, we assessed the cytotoxic activity of these extracts against several human tumor cell lines (breast, lung, cervical and hepatocellular carcinomas) and a non-tumor porcine liver primary cell line, inspired by an ethnopharmacological report describing the traditional use of this medicinal plant in some regions of Northeast Portugal for the treatment of cancer...
March 15, 2018: Food & Function
Lilian Fonseca Lima, Pablo Rydz Pinheiro Santana, Antonio Carlos Portugal Gomes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Radiologia Brasileira
Ana Henriques, Vânia Teixeira, Hugo Fv Cardoso, Ana Azevedo
OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively investigate the association between short stature and increased sitting height ratio (SHR) - indicators of stunting - and obesity markers in adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional evaluation of the EPIPorto cohort. Weight, height, sitting height and waist circumference were measured. Obesity was assessed for men and women through BMI and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR). Short stature (women, <152 cm; men, <164 cm) and high SHR (women, ≥54·05 %; men, ≥53·25 %) were taken as stunting measures...
March 15, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Isabel Craveiro, Virginia Hortale, Ana Paula Cavalcante de Oliveira, Mario Dal Poz, Gustavo Portela, Gilles Dussault
Background: The production of knowledge on Human Resources for Health (HRH) issues has increased exponentially since 2000 but integration of the research in the policy-making process is often lagging. We looked at how research on HRH contributes or not to inform policy decisions and interventions affecting the health workforce in Portugal and Brazil. Methods: We designed a comparative case study of semi-structured interviews with present and past national decision-makers, policy advisors and researchers...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Public Health
Filipe Prazeres, Luiz Santiago
Background: The presence of multimorbidity in the family practice setting is as evident as it is hard to measure. Objective: The objective of this study was to describe the differences in the prevalence of multimorbidity in a single primary care population, through the use of the only two available lists of chronic conditions based on the International Classification for Primary Care coding system. Methods: This is a cross-sectional, analytical study...
March 10, 2018: Family Practice
I Pulido, I Gomes, J Rodrigues, T Guerreiro, C Nunes
INTRODUCTION: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a demyelinating and autoimmune disease with variable progression and high risk of hospital admission. In some studies these hospitalizations may be used as surrogate markers of disease progression, however in Portugal, due to organizational asymmetries and clinical safety choices this relationship is not linear. The admission patterns for this pathology can provide relevant data to the design of disease's management strategies and resource allocation...
March 16, 2018: Revista de Neurologia
Ana Luísa Quinta Gomes, Erick Janssen, Pablo Santos-Iglesias, José Pinto-Gouveia, Lígia M Fonseca, Pedro J Nobre
The Sexual Inhibition and Sexual Excitation Scales (SIS/SES) were developed to assess individual propensities for sexual excitation and sexual inhibition in men and women. The objective of the present study was to validate the Portuguese version of the SIS/SES and to investigate the degree to which SIS/SES scores predict different dimensions of Portuguese men's and women's sexual functioning. Gender differences were also examined. A community sample of 370 Portuguese men and 373 women completed self-report measures of sexual function (IIEF, Rosen et al...
March 13, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
Inês A Trindade, Cláudia Ferreira, Margarida Borrego, Andreia Ponte, Carolina Carvalho, José Pinto-Gouveia
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have highlighted the importance of being able to receive compassion and affiliative signals from others. The main aim of the present study was to explore whether social support and fear of receiving compassion from others are predictors of depression symptoms in a sample of breast cancer patients. METHODS: The sample included 86 female patients with non-metastatic breast cancer. Participants were recruited at a Radiotherapy Service in central Portugal and completed validated self-report instruments...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
Leandro Fonseca de Souza, Carlos Henrique Ares Silveira da Motta, Rodrigo Soares Moura-Neto
A sample of 158 Brazilian males from São Paulo (SP), Brazilian southeast, was typed for 17 Y-STR loci (DYS19, DYS389I, DYS389II, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS437, DYS438, DYS439, DYS448, DYS456, DYS458, DYS635, YGATA_H4.1, and DYS385ab). A total of 158 haplotypes were identified, of which all were unique. The haplotype diversity and discrimination capacity were calculated in 1.0 and the genetic diversity was 67.4%. Pairwise haplotype distances showed that the São Paulo population is not significantly different from Rio de Janeiro and Portugal, but is different from African and Native American...
March 12, 2018: International Journal of Legal Medicine
Pascal Touzet, Sarah Villain, Laetitia Buret, Hélène Martin, Anne-Catherine Holl, Céline Poux, Joël Cuguen
Historical demographic processes and mating systems are believed to be major factors in the shaping of the intraspecies genetic diversity of plants. Among Caryophyllales, the Beta section of the genus Beta, within the Amaranthaceae/Chenopodiaceae alliance, is an interesting study model with species and subspecies ( Beta macrocarpa , Beta patula , Beta vulgaris maritima and B.v. adanensis) differing in geographical distribution and mating system. In addition, one of the species, B. macrocarpa , mainly diploid, varies in its level of ploidy with a tetraploid cytotype described in the Canary Islands and in Portugal...
March 2018: Ecology and Evolution
J Parente, M G Pereira, M Amraoui, E M Fischer
Heat waves (HW) can have devastating social, economic and environmental impacts. Together with long-term drought, they are the main factors contributing to wildfires. Surprisingly, the quantitative and objective analysis leading to the identification and characterization of HW in current and future climate conditions as well as its influence on the occurrence of extreme wildfires (EW) has never been performed for Portugal and are the main objectives of this study. For this reason, we assess HW in recent past and future climate based on a consistent high resolution meteorological database and have compared their occurrence with long and reliable, precise and detailed information about Portuguese fire events...
March 9, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Tiago B Ferreira, João Pinheiro, Leyre Zabala, Filomena J Ribeiro
PURPOSE: To compare the clinical outcomes after cataract surgery with implantation of a monofocal or an extended-range-of-vision intraocular lens (IOL). SETTING: Hospital da Luz, Lisbon Portugal. DESIGN: Prospective case series. METHODS: Patients who previously had myopic laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) had cataract surgery with bilateral implantation of an extended-range-of-vision IOL (Tecnis Symfony) or a monofocal IOL (Tecnis ZCB00)...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
Hugo Lopes, Céu Mateus, Nicoletta Rosati
OBJECTIVES: To identify the survival time, the mortality risk factors and the individuals' characteristics associated with cognitive and physical status at discharge, among the Portuguese long-term care (LTC) populations. SETTINGS: Home-and-Community-Based Services (HCBS) and three types of Nursing Homes (NH). PARTICIPANTS: 20,984 individuals admitted and discharged in 2015. MEASUREMENTS: The Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and the Cox Proportional Hazards Models were used to study the mortality risk; the Wilcoxon signed-rank test to identify the number of individuals with cognitive and physical changes between admission and discharge; two cumulative odds ordinal logistic regressions to predict the cognitive and physical dependence levels at discharge RESULTS: The mortality rate at HCBS was 30%, and 17% at the NH, with a median survival time of 173 and 200 days, respectively...
February 20, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Sara Melo
This article examines how the built environment impacts, and is impacted by, healthcare staff day to day practice, care outcomes and the design of new quality and patient safety (Q&PS) projects. It also explores how perceptions of the built environment affect inter-professional dynamics. In doing so, it contributes to the overlooked interplay between the physical, social, and symbolic dimensions associated with a hospital's place. The study draws on 46 in-depth semi-structured interviews conducted at a large teaching hospital in Portugal formed by two buildings...
March 2, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
Sabina Rossini Oliva, M Dolores Mingorance, Dayan Sanhueza, Stephen C Fry, Eduardo O Leidi
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Tolerance to soil acidity was studied in two species of Ericaceae that grow in mine-contaminated soils (S Portugal, SW Spain) to find out if there are interspecific variations in H+ tolerance which might be related to their particular location. METHODS: Tolerance to H+ toxicity was tested in nutrient solutions using seeds collected in SW Spain. Plant growth and nutrient contents in leaves, stems and roots were determined. Viability tests and proton exchange were studied in roots exposed, short-term, to acidic conditions...
March 2, 2018: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
Raquel Portugal, Alexandre Leitão, Carlos Martins
ASFV causes an important disease of domestic swine and wild boar. Currently no vaccine is available, highlighting the necessity to understand ASFV modulation of innate immune responses in natural host cells. With this aim, macrophage cultures enriched in SWC9 and CD163 differentiation markers were infected in parallel with high virulent ASFV/L60 and low virulent ASFV/NHV, the latter lacking MGF 360 and 505/530 genes associated with type I interferon (IFN I) control. IFN I production and signaling were studied after completion of the viral cycles...
March 2018: Veterinary Microbiology
Ana Paula Forte Camarneiro, João Manuel Rosado de Miranda Justo
OBJECTIVES: To observe differences between maternal and paternal prenatal attachment as a function of sociodemographic and clinical/obstetric factors. METHODS: Quantitative descriptive correlational study. INSTRUMENTS: Sociodemographic and Clinical Questionnaire; Maternal and Paternal Antenatal Attachment Scale (Portuguese version by Camarneiro & Justo). Assessments were conducted in antenatal clinics in Central Portugal. PARTICIPANTS: Couples (N = 407), women and men in the second trimester of pregnancy...
July 2017: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology
Carolina Pérez-Ferrer, Abbygail Jaccard, Andre Knuchel-Takano, Lise Retat, Martin Brown, Vilma Kriaucioniene, Laura Webber
AIMS: The aim of this study was to project educational inequalities in obesity and smoking prevalence to 2050 based on past obesity and smoking trends by education level. METHODS: Data on obesity (body mass index ≥ 30) and smoking prevalence (current smokers) by education level (tertiary education and less than tertiary) from nationally representative cross-sectional surveys were collected for the following six countries participating in the Economics of Chronic Diseases project (EConDA): England, Finland, Lithuania, the Netherlands, Poland (obesity only) and Portugal (obesity only)...
March 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
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