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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331769/source-identification-of-uranium-containing-materials-at-mine-legacy-sites-in-portugal
#1
A C Keatley, P G Martin, K R Hallam, O D Payton, R Awbery, F Carvalho, J M Oliveira, L Silva, M Malta, T B Scott
Whilst prior nuclear forensic studies have focused on identifying signatures to distinguish between different uranium deposit types, this paper focuses on providing a scientific basis for source identification of materials from different uranium mine sites within a single region, which can then be potentially used within nuclear forensics. A number of different tools, including gamma spectrometry, alpha spectrometry, mineralogy and major and minor elemental analysis, have been utilised to determine the provenance of uranium mineral samples collected at eight mine sites, located within three different uranium provinces, in Portugal...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329572/socio-demographic-and-lifestyle-determinants-of-dietary-patterns-in-french-speaking-switzerland-2009-2012
#2
Pedro Marques-Vidal, Gérard Waeber, Peter Vollenweider, Idris Guessous
BACKGROUND: Food intake is a complex behaviour which can be assessed using dietary patterns. Our aim was to characterize dietary patterns and associated factors in French-speaking Switzerland. METHODS: Cross-sectional study conducted between 2009 and 2012 in the city of Lausanne, Switzerland, including 4372 participants (54% women, 57.3 ± 10.3 years). Food consumption was assessed using a validated food frequency questionnaire. Dietary patterns were assessed by principal components analysis...
January 12, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327322/molecular-characterization-of-avian-malaria-in-the-spotless-starling-sturnus-unicolor
#3
Jaime Muriel, Jeff A Graves, Diego Gil, S Magallanes, Concepción Salaberria, Miriam Casal-López, Alfonso Marzal
We studied the prevalence and genetic diversity of malaria parasites in the poorly investigated spotless starling (Sturnus unicolor) breeding in central Spain, aiming to describe the phylogenetic relationships among them and with other haemosporidians infecting the genus Sturnus. A total of 180 nestlings and 180 adult individuals from four different breeding seasons were screened for haemosporidian parasites using a nested PCR approach for the genera Plasmodium and Haemoproteus. Although the malaria prevalence ranged between years, the overall prevalence was 6...
January 11, 2018: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325833/treatment-of-graves-disease-in-children-the-portuguese-experience
#4
Olinda Marques, Ana Antunes, Maria João Oliveira
INTRODUCTION: Graves' disease (GD) is an autoimmune thyroid disease, common in adults but rare in children. The best therapeutic approach remains controversial. OBJECTIVES: To ascertain the current treatment of pediatric GD in Portugal and to assess the clinical and biochemical factors that determine definitive/long-term remission after treatment with antithyroid drugs (ATDs). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of data about pediatric GD treatment collected from a nationwide survey conducted by the Portuguese Society of Pediatric Endocrinology and Diabetology from May to August 2013...
January 8, 2018: Endocrinología, Diabetes y Nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325804/heart-failure-in-numbers-estimates-for-the-21st-century-in-portugal
#5
Cândida Fonseca, Daniel Brás, Inês Araújo, Fátima Ceia
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Heart failure is a major public health problem that affects a large number of individuals and is associated with high mortality and morbidity. This study aims to estimate the probable scenario for HF prevalence and its consequences in the short-, medium- and long-term in Portugal. METHODS: This assessment is based on the EPICA (Epidemiology of Heart Failure and Learning) project, which was designed to estimate the prevalence of chronic heart failure in mainland Portugal in 1998...
January 8, 2018: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325579/the-return-of-the-iberian-lynx-to-portugal-local-voices
#6
Margarida Lopes-Fernandes, Clara Espírito-Santo, Amélia Frazão-Moreira
BACKGROUND: Ethnographic research can help to establish dialog between conservationists and local people in reintroduction areas. Considering that predator reintroductions may cause local resistance, we assessed attitudes of different key actor profiles to the return of the Iberian lynx (Lynx pardinus) to Portugal before reintroduction started in 2015. We aimed to characterize a social context from an ethnoecological perspective, including factors such as local knowledge, perceptions, emotions, and opinions...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324583/an-explanatory-and-predictive-model-of-the-variation-in-esophageal-cancer-incidence-on-the-basis-of-changes-in-the-exposure-to-risk-factors
#7
Clara Castro, Bárbara Peleteiro, Samantha Morais, Milton Severo, Maria José Bento, Nuno Lunet
Variations in the exposure to risk factors may be used to explain past cancer trends and to predict its future burden. This study aimed to develop a model to describe and predict the variation of esophageal cancer incidence in 1995-2005, taking into account changes in exposures to risk factors. We adapted an existing model to calculate the expected variation in the number of esophageal cancer cases, between 1995 and 2005, in Australia, Japan, Italy, Portugal, the UK, and the USA, because of changes in exposures to risk factors, taking into account the corresponding lag times...
January 10, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321023/which-risk-understandings-can-be-derived-from-the-current-disharmonized-regulation-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-in-europe
#8
Solveig Wiesener, Anita Salamonsen, Vinjar Fønnebø
BACKGROUND: Many European citizens are seeking complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). These treatments are regulated very differently in the EU/EFTA countries. This may demonstrate differences in how risk associated with the use of CAM is perceived. Since most CAM treatments are practiced fairly similarly across Europe, differing risk understandings may influence patient safety for European CAM users. The overall aim of this article is thus to contribute to an overview and awareness of possible differing risk understandings in the field of CAM at a policymaking/structural level in Europe...
January 10, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320820/first-molecular-characterization-of-hypoderma-actaeon-in-cattle-and-red-deer-cervus-elaphus-in-portugal
#9
Haroon Ahmed, Sérgio Ramalho Sousa, Sami Simsek, Sofia Anastácio, Seyma Gunyakti Kilinc
Hypoderma spp. larvae cause subcutaneous myiasis in several animal species. The objective of the present investigation was to identify and characterize morphologically and molecularly the larvae of Hypoderma spp. collected from cattle (Bos taurus taurus) and red deer (Cervus elaphus) in the district of Castelo Branco, Portugal. For this purpose, a total of 8 larvae were collected from cattle (n=2) and red deer (n=6). After morphological identification of Hypoderma spp. larvae, molecular characterization was based on PCR-RFLP and mitochondrial CO1 gene sequence analysis...
December 2017: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318092/green-and-red-fluorescent-dyes-for-translational-applications-in-imaging-and-sensing-analytes-a-dual-color-flag
#10
Elisabete Oliveira, Emilia Bértolo, Cristina Núñez, Viviane Pilla, Hugo M Santos, Javier Fernández-Lodeiro, Adrian Fernández-Lodeiro, Jamila Djafari, José Luis Capelo, Carlos Lodeiro
Invited for this month's cover picture is the BIOSCOPE group of Professors Carlos Lodeiro and José Luis Capelo at the REQUIMTE/UCIBIO-LAQv-FCT University NOVA of Lisbon (Portugal), and their collaborators. The cover picture is devoted to Translational Research, and shows the Portuguese Flag represented by the interaction between cells and Janus gold/silver nanoparticles functionalized with rhodamine (red) and Fluorescein (green) dyes as tools for biomedical translational research. Read the full text of their Review at 10...
January 2018: ChemistryOpen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317923/identification-of-inhaler-technique-errors-with-a-routine-procedure-in-portuguese-community-pharmacy
#11
M Margarida Castel-Branco, Ana Fontes, Isabel V Figueiredo
Background: A correct selection of drugs prescribed, but also the choice of the appropriate inhaler device, is crucial for the control of respiratory diseases. Objective: To evaluate the inhaler technique and identify potential errors of patients when treated with inhalers by testing a routinary procedure to be implemented in any community pharmacy. Methods: Adults with asthma/COPD and under inhalation therapy were invited to demonstrate how they use their inhalers...
October 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317751/methylation-in-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-is-lineage-specific-with-associated-mutations-present-globally
#12
Jody Phelan, Paola Florez de Sessions, Leopold Tientcheu, Joao Perdigao, Diana Machado, Rumina Hasan, Zahra Hasan, Indra L Bergval, Richard Anthony, Ruth McNerney, Martin Antonio, Isabel Portugal, Miguel Viveiros, Susana Campino, Martin L Hibberd, Taane G Clark
DNA methylation is an epigenetic modification of the genome involved in regulating crucial cellular processes, including transcription and chromosome stability. Advances in PacBio sequencing technologies can be used to robustly reveal methylation sites. The methylome of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex is poorly understood but may be involved in virulence, hypoxic survival and the emergence of drug resistance. In the most extensive study to date, we characterise the methylome across the 4 major lineages of M...
January 9, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309608/patient-and-hospital-characteristics-that-influence-incidence-of-adverse-events-in-acute-public-hospitals-in-portugal-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#13
Paulo Sousa, António Sousa Uva, Florentino Serranheira, Mafalda Sousa Uva, Carla Nunes
Objective: To analyse the variation in the rate of adverse events (AEs) between acute hospitals and explore the extent to which some patients and hospital characteristics influence the differences in the rates of AEs. Design: Retrospective cohort study. Chi-square test for independence and binary logistic regression models were used to identify the potential association of some patients and hospital characteristics with AEs. Setting: Nine acute Portuguese public hospital centres...
January 4, 2018: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307789/inner-ear-involvement-in-fabry-disease-clinical-and-audiometric-evaluation-of-a-large-cohort-of-patients-followed-in-a-reference-centre
#14
Jorge Rodrigues, Olga Azevedo, Nuno Sousa, Damião Cunha, Alexandre Mexedo, Rui Fonseca
BACKGROUND: Fabry disease (FD) is a lysosomal storage disorder (LSD) that involves the cochleovestibular system. Tinnitus and progressive sensorineural hearing loss are frequent complains. A stabilization of hearing function has been reported with enzyme replacement therapy (ERT). This study aims to characterize the inner ear involvement, identify factors associated to hearing loss and evaluate the effect of ERT on the hearing function of FD patients. METHODS: We reviewed the clinical records of patients with confirmed diagnosis of FD followed in a Reference Centre on LSD in the North of Portugal...
January 4, 2018: European Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306346/inter-observer-reliability-of-animal-based-welfare-indicators-included-in-the-animal-welfare-indicators-welfare-assessment-protocol-for-dairy-goats
#15
A Vieira, M Battini, E Can, S Mattiello, G Stilwell
This study was conducted within the context of the Animal Welfare Indicators (AWIN) project and the underlying scientific motivation for the development of the study was the scarcity of data regarding inter-observer reliability (IOR) of welfare indicators, particularly given the importance of reliability as a further step for developing on-farm welfare assessment protocols. The objective of this study is therefore to evaluate IOR of animal-based indicators (at group and individual-level) of the AWIN welfare assessment protocol (prototype) for dairy goats...
January 8, 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303430/hand-surgery-in-portugal
#16
Maria Manuel Mouzinho
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301762/inequalities-in-access-to-cardiac-rehabilitation-after-an-acute-coronary-syndrome-the-epiheart-cohort
#17
Marta Viana, Andreia Borges, Carla Araújo, Afonso Rocha, Ana I Ribeiro, Olga Laszczyńska, Paula Dias, Maria J Maciel, Ilídio Moreira, Nuno Lunet, Ana Azevedo
OBJECTIVES: To estimate cardiac rehabilitation (CR) referral and participation rates among patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and to identify their determinants, in two Portuguese regions. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Patients consecutively admitted to the cardiology department of two hospitals, one in the district of Porto and one in the north-east region (NER) of Portugal, were enrolled in the EPIHeart cohort and then followed up for 6 months...
January 3, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299937/assessment-of-environmental-enrichment-for-different-primate-species-under-low-budget-a-case-study
#18
R Costa, C Sousa, M Llorente
The 2011 European Union Zoo Inquiry presented evidence that most zoos fail to achieve adequate levels of nonhuman animal welfare. Appropriate environmental enrichment (EE) can play a role in the promotion of welfare. However, financial and staff constraints frequently make it challenging to implement EE on a daily basis. The aim of this study was to test how individuals of three different nonhuman primate species at the Maia Zoo in Portugal (white-handed gibbons, Hylobates lar; Mona monkeys, Cercopithecus mona; and brown lemurs, Eulemur fulvus) reacted to EE devices...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298112/antineoplastic-agents-and-in-fertility-informing-patients-to-improve-decisions
#19
Cristina Silva, Ana Teresa Almeida-Santos, Cláudia Melo, Ana Cristina Ribeiro Rama
PURPOSE: Infertility is a potential adverse effect of cancer treatment, and future fertility is an important issue for cancer patients. In Portugal, the Centre for Fertility Preservation of CHUC, EPE, conducted a project to develop and disseminate oncofertility information resources. In this study, we report the results of the specific component of this program, which intended to produce information resources that promote patients' awareness of the subject and to support decisions concerning fertility preservation...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297593/adaptation-of-nussbaum-s-capabilities-framework-to-community-mental-health-a-consumer-based-capabilities-measure
#20
Beatrice Sacchetto, José Ornelas, Maria Manuela Calheiros, Marybeth Shinn
The capabilities approach provides a rich evaluative framework to guide transformative change in the community mental health system. This study reports the content and construct validity and psychometric properties of a contextualized measure of the extent to which mental health programs foster achieved capabilities. The Achieved Capabilities Questionnaire for Community Mental Health (ACQ-CMH), adapted from Nussbaum's capabilities framework, was developed previously with consumer collaboration. Content validity was assessed through a collaborative process, involving a panel of eight consumers, staff members, and senior researchers...
January 3, 2018: American Journal of Community Psychology
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