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cell Saver

Jeffrey E Keenan, Hanghang Wang, Brian C Gulack, Asvin M Ganapathi, Nicholas D Andersen, Brian R Englum, Yamini Krishnamurthy, Jerrold H Levy, Ian J Welsby, G Chad Hughes
BACKGROUND: Moderate (MHCA) versus deep (DHCA) hypothermia for circulatory arrest in aortic arch surgery has been purported to reduce coagulopathy and bleeding complications, although there are limited data supporting this claim. This study aimed to compare bleeding-related events after aortic hemiarch replacement with MHCA versus DHCA. METHODS: Patients who underwent hemiarch replacement at a single institution from July 2005 to August 2014 were stratified into DHCA and MHCA groups (minimum systemic temperature ≤20°C and >20°C, respectively) and compared...
August 28, 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Ali Sait Kavakli, Nilgun Kavrut Ozturk, Raif Umut Ayoglu, Mustafa Emmiler, Lutfi Ozyurek, Kerem Inanoglu, Sadik Ozmen
OBJECTIVES: Various minimally invasive surgical approaches have been used in mitral valve (MV) surgery. The transapical off-pump mitral valve intervention with NeoChord implantation (TOP-MINI) is a minimally invasive, alternative procedure for the treatment of degenerative mitral regurgitation. There are several special considerations for the anesthesiologist during the TOP-MINI procedure. The main purpose of this study was to present the anesthetic management of the TOP-MINI procedure...
June 28, 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Willem Frederik Buys, Mathilde Buys, Andrew Ian Levin
OBJECTIVES: Cell saver reinfusate ideally should contain low, clinically insignificant heparin concentrations. The American Association of Blood Banks has defined the clinically insignificant threshold as 0.5 IU/mL. Furthermore, there is uncertainty about the meaning of cell saver "heparin elimination rates." These concerns prompted the authors' independent investigation of reinfusate heparin concentrations of devices used in their institution. It was hypothesized that cell saver reinfusates contain clinically insignificant heparin concentrations...
June 15, 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Eduardo N Novais, Patrick M Carry, Lauryn A Kestel, Jason Koerner, Gee Mei Tan
Although strategies to reduce bleeding and avoid allogeneic transfusion have been described, there is controversy about the factors associated with blood loss after Bernese periacetabular osteotomy. This study was conducted to determine risk factors for postoperative blood loss. After institutional review board approval was obtained, a retrospective review was conducted of 41 young patients who underwent periacetabular osteotomy for symptomatic acetabular dysplasia over a 3-year period. Of these patients, two-thirds donated blood before surgery...
August 30, 2016: Orthopedics
Hany Dabbous, Mohammad Sakr, Sara Abdelhakam, Iman Montasser, Mohamed Bahaa, Hany Said, Mahmoud El-Meteini
AIM: To assess the impact of model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score on patient survival and morbidity post living donor liver transplantation (LDLT). METHODS: A retrospective study was performed on 80 adult patients who had LDLT from 2011-2013. Nine patients were excluded and 71 patients were divided into two groups; Group 1 included 38 patients with a MELD score < 20, and Group 2 included 33 patients with a MELD score > 20. Comparison between both groups was done regarding operative time, intra-operative blood requirement, intensive care unit (ICU) and hospital stay, infection, and patient survival...
August 8, 2016: World Journal of Hepatology
David T Martin, Heike Gries, Nick Esmonde, Brian Diggs, Jeffrey Koh, Nathan R Selden, Martin Schreiber, Anna A Kuang
OBJECTIVE: Pediatric cranial vault remodeling for repair of craniosynostosis is associated with significant blood loss and transfusion requirements. Beginning in 2011, the authors evaluated the impact tranexamic acid (TXA) on blood loss and blood product transfusion for children less than 15 months of age undergoing primary surgical repair of nonsyndromic single suture craniosynostosis. METHODS: Following institutional review board approval, the authors performed a retrospective study of all children undergoing surgical correction of craniosynostosis at Oregon Health & Science University from 2005 to 2015...
September 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Jaiben George, Matthew Sikora, Jessica Masch, Mario Farias-Kovac, Alison K Klika, Carlos A Higuera
BACKGROUND: Septic hip revisions are associated with greater complications and higher costs than aseptic revisions. It is unclear whether blood loss and transfusion requirements are different in septic and aseptic revisions. We hypothesized that the blood loss and transfusion are dependent on the complexity of the revision surgery and patient's general health rather than the presence of infection. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 626 revision total hip arthroplasties in 547 patients between 2009 and 2013...
July 6, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
You-Sung Suh, Jae-Hwi Nho, Hyung-Suk Choi, Yong-Chan Ha, Jong-Seok Park, Kyung-Hoi Koo
INTRODUCTION: Arthroplasties of hip and knee are associated with blood loss, which may lead to adverse patient outcome. Performing arthroplasties in Jehovah's Witness patients who do not accept transfusion has been a matter of concern. We developed a protocol, which avoids transfusion in arthroplasties of Jehovah's Witness patients, and evaluated the feasibility and safety of the protocol. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The target of preoperative hemoglobin was more than 10 g/dL...
September 2016: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Martin Beiderlinden, Carsten Brau, Santo di Grazia, Michael Wehmeier, Tanja A Treschan
BACKGROUND: Blood salvage systems help to minimize intraoperative transfusion of allogenic blood. So far no data is available on the use of argatroban for anticoagulation of such systems. We conducted an ex-vivo trial to evaluate the effectiveness of three different argatroban doses as compared to heparin and to assess potential residual anticoagulant in the red cell concentrates. METHODS: With ethical approval and individual informed consent, blood of 23 patients with contraindications for use of blood salvage systems during surgery was processed by the Continuous-Auto-Transfusion-System (C...
2016: BMC Anesthesiology
Nicholas Stone, Vandit Sardana, Paul Missiuna
STUDY DESIGN: Systematic Review. OBJECTIVE: To determine the indications and outcomes for intraoperative cell salvage during adolescent scoliosis correction surgery by systematically reviewing all available evidence. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Several blood conservation strategies exist to minimize the consequences of blood loss due to scoliosis correction surgery. The utility of intraoperative cell salvage has been contested in the literature with respect to benefits and cost...
July 7, 2016: Spine
J Gäbel, C J Malm, V Radulovic, C Shams Hakimi, M Westerberg, A Jeppsson
BACKGROUND: Wound blood is highly activated and has poor haemostatic properties. Recent data suggest that retransfusion of unwashed wound blood may impair haemostasis. We hypothesized that cell saver processing of wound blood before retransfusion reduces the negative effects. METHODS: Wound blood was collected from 16 cardiac surgery patients during cardiopulmonary bypass. One portion of the wound blood was processed in a cell saver and one portion left unprocessed...
August 2016: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
Liliana Savin, Dan Mihăilescu, Carmen Grierosu, Paul Botez
AIM: To monitor the effect of tranexamic acid use (Exacyl) on postoperative bleeding (aspiration), autologous blood transfusion (autotransfusion), allogeneic blood transfusion and postoperative anemia (difference between preoperative and immediate postoperative hemoglobin levels) in total knee arthroplasty. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective observational study was conducted on a sample of 457 patients who underwent endoprosthetic knee arthroplasty in the interval January 1, 2008-July 3O, 2014 at the Traumatology-Orthopedics Clinic of the Iasi Rehabilitation Hospital...
January 2016: Revista Medico-chirurgicală̆ a Societă̆ţ̜ii de Medici ş̧i Naturaliş̧ti Din Iaş̧i
Amélie Savers, Orhan Rasid, Marianna Parlato, Matthias Brock, Gregory Jouvion, Bernhard Ryffel, Jean-Marc Cavaillon, Gerard Eberl, Oumaïma Ibrahim-Granet
Phagocytes restrict the germination of Aspergillus fumigatus conidia and prevent the establishment of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis in immunecompetent mice. Here we report that immunecompetent mice recovering from a primary A. fumigatus challenge are protected against a secondary lethal challenge. Using RAGγc knock-out mice we show that this protection is independent of T, B and NK cells. In protected mice, lung phagocytes are recruited more rapidly and are more efficient in conidial phagocytosis and killing...
2016: PloS One
Hisham Wasl, Jessica McGuire, Darlene Lubbe
BACKGROUND: Surgical approaches for many tumours are often limited by blood loss, exposure and risk to vital anatomical structures. Therefore, the standard of care for certain skull base tumours has become endoscopic transnasal resection. Other surgical disciplines often use cell salvage techniques, but review of the otolaryngology literature revealed very few case reports. This study investigated the value and safety of salvage-type autologous blood transfusion during the endoscopic resection of juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibromas (JNA)...
2016: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Sungho Lim, Pegge M Halandras, Naveed U Saqib, Y Avery Ching, Edward Villella, Taeyoung Park, Hyunju Son, Jae S Cho
OBJECTIVE: Supraceliac aortic cross-clamping (SCXC) is routinely used during open aortic reconstruction (OAR) of pararenal aortic disease when suprarenal control is not feasible. On occasion, however, aortic control may be obtained at the supramesenteric level by supramesenteric cross-clamping (SMXC) between the superior mesenteric artery and the celiac axis. The purpose of this study was to compare outcomes between patients who had SMXC vs SCXC during OAR for both aneurysmal and occlusive diseases...
October 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Dae-Hyun Kim, Jeffrey L Saver, Sidney Starkman, David S Liebeskind, Latisha K Ali, Lucas Restrepo, May Kim-Tenser, Miguel Valdes-Sueiras, Marc Eckstein, Frank Pratt, Samuel Stratton, Scott Hamilton, Robin Conwit, Nerses Sanossian
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The enrollment yield and reasons for screen failure in prehospital stroke trials have not been well delineated. METHODS: The Field Administration of Stroke Therapy-Magnesium (FAST-MAG) trial identified patients for enrollment using a 2 stage screening process-paramedics in person followed by physician-investigators by cell phone. Outcomes of consecutive screening calls from paramedics to enrolling physician-investigators were prospectively recorded...
January 2016: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
Zeynep Ersoy, Aycan Ozdemirkan, Arash Pirat, Adnan Torgay, Gulnaz Arslan, Mehmet Haberal
OBJECTIVES: Reasons for chronic liver and kidney failure may vary; sometimes more than 1 family member may be affected, and may require a transplant. The aim of this study was to examine the similarities or differences between the perioperative characteristics of siblings undergoing liver or kidney transplant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The medical records of 6 pairs of siblings who underwent liver transplant and 4 pairs of siblings who underwent kidney transplant at Baskent University Hospital between 1989 and 2014 were retrospectively analyzed...
November 2015: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
Alexander S McLawhorn, Ashley E Levack, Kara G Fields, Evan D Sheha, Kathryn R DelPizzo, Ernest L Sink
BACKGROUND: Periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) reorients the acetabular cartilage through a complex series of pelvic osteotomies, which risks significant blood loss often necessitating blood transfusion. Therefore, it is important to identify effective strategies to manage blood loss and decrease morbidity after PAO. The purpose of this study was to determine the association of epsilon-aminocaproic acid (EACA), an antifibrinolytic agent, with blood loss from PAO. METHODS: Ninety-three patients out of 110 consecutive patients that underwent unilateral PAO for acetabular dysplasia met inclusion criteria...
March 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
Todd Dodick, Ross Gaudet, Jennifer Hofer, Michael O'Connor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2015: Critical Care Medicine
Bobby K W Ng, W W Chau, Alec L H Hung, Anna Cn Hui, Tze Ping Lam, Jack C Y Cheng
BACKGROUND: Many reports had been received on the application of antifibrinolytic medications on spinal corrective surgery and the surgical outcome evaluations of its efficacy on reducing blood loss. This study aimed to assess the efficacy of tranexamic acid (TXA) in reducing operative blood loss during posterior spinal fusion for the treatment of severe adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was carried out on 90 (TXA = 55, Control = 35) AIS girls undergoing posterior spinal surgery...
2015: Scoliosis
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