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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876566/a-survey-of-selected-key-areas-of-management-of-south-african-neurosurgical-patients
#1
C H Daniel, M D du Trevou
BACKGROUND: Previous surveys of neurosurgical patient management, including a South African (SA) survey conducted in 2001, confirmed the existence of significant dissimilarities in management on national and international levels. This survey aimed to determine current SA neurosurgical patient management and to compare this with international trends. METHOD: Questionnaires in multiple choice question (MCQ) and free text entry format covering key areas of neurosurgical practice were emailed to SA neurosurgeons following ethics approval...
September 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856967/comparative-evaluation-of-blood-salvage-techniques-in-patients-undergoing-cardiac-surgery-with-cardiopulmonary-bypass
#2
Serdar Gunaydin, Craig Robertson, Ali Baran Budak, Terence Gourlay
BACKGROUND: The primary objective of this study was to test and compare the efficacy of currently available intraoperative blood salvage systems via a demonstration of the level of increase in percentage concentration of red blood cells (RBC), white blood cells 9WBC) and platelets (Plt) in the end product. METHODS: In a prospective, randomized study, data of 80 patients undergoing elective cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass in a 6-month period was collected, of which the volume aspirated from the surgical field was processed by either the HemoSep Novel Collection Bag (Advancis Surgical, Kirkby-in-Ashfield, Notts, UK) (N=40) (Group 1) or a cell- saver (C...
August 1, 2017: Perfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816299/-application-of-intraoperative-cell-salvage-combined-with-leukocyte-depletion-filter-on-radical-nephrectomy-for-renal-carcinoma-with-inferior-vena-cava-tumor-thrombus-2-case-reports
#3
H Zeng, X Y Rong, X Q Zhang, X Y Guo
Intraoperative cell salvage (IOCS) has been widely used to reduce allogeneic blood transfusion and prevent blood transfusion related complications during surgery. However, due to the risk of transfusion related reaction, contamination, and immunological reaction, its use for tumor patients has been controversial and limited. To explore the feasibility of the application of IOCS in cancer patients, we reported 2 cases of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) with tumor embolism in IVC that underwent radical nephrectomy,and inferior caval venous thrombectomy receiving IOCS combined with leukocyte depletion filter (LDF) from August 2016 to November 2016 in our hospital...
August 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764282/nature-s-benefaction-as-a-life-saver-for-an-avulsed-tooth-an-in-vitro-study
#4
Saumya Navit, Niharika Shahi, Suleman Abbas Khan, Anshul Sharma, Vartika Singh, Ratna Priya Mishra, Pragati Navit, Prerna Sharma
INTRODUCTION: Dentoalveolar trauma is a very common and avulsion is the most frequent injury. Treatment of choice following avulsion is immediate reimplantation. However, in cases where this might not be possible the prognosis of reimplanted teeth can be improved by the selection of an appropriate storage media. Prevention of ankylosis and replacement resorption depends more on the potential of storage media to maintain cell viability rather than the extraalveolar time period. AIM: To compare and evaluate the efficacy of different storage media in maintaining the viability of Periodontal Ligament (PDL) cells in an avulsed tooth...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660135/perioperative-blood-management-strategies-for-patients-undergoing-total-knee-replacement-where-do-we-stand-now
#5
REVIEW
Tzatzairis Themistoklis, Vogiatzaki Theodosia, Kazakos Konstantinos, Drosos I Georgios
Total knee replacement (TKR) is one of the most common surgeries over the last decade. Patients undergoing TKR are at high risk for postoperative anemia and furthermore for allogeneic blood transfusions (ABT). Complications associated with ABT including chills, rigor, fever, dyspnea, light-headedness should be early recognized in order to lead to a better prognosis. Therefore, perioperative blood management program should be adopted with main aim to reduce the risk of blood transfusion while maximizing hemoglobin simultaneously...
June 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622903/cell-saver-for-adult-spinal-deformity-surgery-reduces-cost
#6
Jeffrey L Gum, Leah Yacat Carreon, Michael P Kelly, Richard Hostin, Chessie Robinson, Douglas C Burton, David W Polly, Christopher I Shaffrey, Virginie LaFage, Frank J Schwab, Christopher P Ames, Han Jo Kim, Justin S Smith, R Shay Bess
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort. OBJECTIVES: To determine if the use of cell saver reduces overall blood costs in adult spinal deformity (ASD) surgery. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Recent studies have questioned the clinical value of cell saver during spine procedures. METHODS: ASD patients enrolled in a prospective, multicenter surgical database who had complete preoperative and surgical data were identified. Patients were stratified into (1) cell saver available during surgery, but no intraoperative autologous infusion (No Infusion group), or (2) cell saver available and received autologous infusion (Infusion group)...
July 2017: Spine Deformity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546128/predictive-factors-of-intraoperative-cell-salvage-during-pediatric-scoliosis-surgery-cell-saver-during-scoliosis-surgery-in-children
#7
Daphné Michelet, Florence Julien-Marsollier, Julie Hilly, Thierno Diallo, Christophe Vidal, Souhayl Dahmani
INTRODUCTION: blood saving strategy during spinal surgery in children often includes recombinant erythropoietin (rEPO) and antifibrinolytic therapapy (AFT). The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of intraoperative blood salvage in decreasing homologous blood transfusion. MATERIAL AND METHODS: using the prospective data from patients operated during a one year period for scoliosis correction, we calculate the predictable hematocrit at day postoperative 1 without the use of blood salvage and compare it to the target hematocrit transfusion according to patient's status...
May 22, 2017: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449959/resource-utilization-in-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-surgery-is-there-opportunity-for-standardization
#8
Baron S Lonner, Courtney S Toombs, Justin C Paul, Suken A Shah, Harry L Shufflebarger, John M Flynn, Peter O Newton
INTRODUCTION: Recent healthcare reforms have raised the importance of cost and value in the management of disease. Value is a function of benefit and cost. Understanding variability in resources utilized by individual surgeons to achieve similar outcomes may provide an opportunity for cutting costs though greater standardization. The purpose of this study is to evaluate differences in use of implants and hospital resources among surgeons performing adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) surgery...
May 2017: Spine Deformity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441316/hemolysis-following-intraoperative-cell-salvage-replacement-in-a-scoliosis-patient-with-sickle-cell-trait-a-case-report
#9
Daniel You, Alejandro Peiro Garcia, Fabio Ferri-de-Barros, David Parsons
STUDY DESIGN: Case Report. OBJECTIVE: To describe a novel presentation of acute renal failure associated with hemolysis following intraoperative cell salvage (ICS) in a neuromuscular scoliosis patient with sickle cell trait (SCT). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Hemolysis associated acute renal failure following ICS in patients with SCT has not been previously reported. Sickle cell disease is regarded as a relative contraindication for ICS due to the risk of red blood cell sickling in the hypoxic cell saver reservoir...
April 24, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410631/comparison-of-three-caval-reconstruction-techniques-in-orthotopic-liver-transplantation-a-retrospective-review
#10
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Tiffany Chan, Kristin DeGirolamo, Stephanie Chartier-Plante, Andrzej K Buczkowski
BACKGROUND: Classic caval reconstruction during liver transplantation involves complete cross-clamping and resection of the recipient inferior vena cava (IVC) followed by donor IVC interposition. Other techniques preserve the IVC, with piggyback (PB) to the hepatic veins or side-to-side (SS) caval anastomosis. Avoidance of cross-clamping may be beneficial for minimizing hemodynamic instability and transfusion requirements. METHODS: Retrospective review of a provincial transplant database (2007-2011)...
May 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389617/a-dedicated-spanish-language-line-increases-enrollment-of-hispanics-into-prehospital-clinical-research
#11
Nerses Sanossian, Lauren Rosenberg, David S Liebeskind, Sidney Starkman, Marc Eckstein, Samuel Stratton, Franklin D Pratt, Scott Hamilton, May Kim-Tenser, Latisha K Sharma, Lucas Restrepo, Miguel Valdes-Suieras, Robin Conwit, Jeffrey L Saver
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Novel methods are needed to reduce the disparity of Hispanic enrollment in stroke clinical trials. Prehospital enrollment using a dedicated Spanish language line may help overcome this bias. METHODS: Subjects or legally authorized representatives provided information on race and ethnicity for all cases enrolled in the FAST-MAG clinical trial (Field Administration of Stroke Therapy-Magnesium), a prehospital phase 3 randomized study of intravenous magnesium for neuroprotection...
May 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323673/clinical-pearls-of-maternal-critical-care-part-2-sickle-cell-disease-in-pregnancy
#12
Vinod Patil, Gamunu Ratnayake, Galina Fastovets
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The current review outlines the challenges in managing pregnant women with sickle-cell anemia, who are at risk of becoming critically ill during pregnancy. RECENT FINDINGS: Sickle obstetric patients pose unique challenges to the anesthetist and intensivist. We discuss the role of prophylactic transfusions for specific indications like acute anemia and twin pregnancies. The management and prevention of vaso-occlusive crises and chest crisis are also outlined...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299184/revisiting-blood-transfusion-and-predictors-of-outcome-in-cardiac-surgery-patients-a-concise-perspective
#13
REVIEW
Carlos E Arias-Morales, Nicoleta Stoicea, Alicia A Gonzalez-Zacarias, Diana Slawski, Sujatha P Bhandary, Theodosios Saranteas, Eva Kaminiotis, Thomas J Papadimos
In the United States, cardiac surgery-related blood transfusion rates reached new highs in 2010, with 34% of patients receiving blood products. Patients undergoing both complex (coronary artery bypass grafting [CABG] plus valve repair or replacement) and non-complex (isolated CABG) cardiac surgeries are likely to have comorbidities such as anemia. Furthermore, the majority of patients undergoing isolated CABG have a history of myocardial infarction. These characteristics may increase the risk of complications and blood transfusion requirement...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274048/evaluation-of-cyclosporine-a-with-%C3%AE-tcp-in-the-treatment-of-human-infra-bony-defects-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study
#14
Jyotsna Amalakara, Krishnajaneya Reddy, Haritha Avula, Ashank Mishra, Butchibabu Kalakonda, Ruchi Pandey
INTRODUCTION: Cyclosporine A (CsA), an immunosuppressant, is considered a life saver drug in organ transplant cases. It has also been tested in animal and human studies for periodontal applications as it selectively inhibits T lymphocyte proliferation, Interleukin-2 (IL-2) and other cytokine production, without any effect on T suppressor cells, thereby suppressing the cell mediated immunity and suppressing the inflammation. Inflammatory and immunological responses have been found to be decreased and bone formation is found to be increased in immunosuppressed animals...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144579/microvascular-response-to-transfusion-in-elective-spine-surgery
#15
J Matthias Walz, Ottokar Stundner, Federico P Girardi, Bruce A Barton, Aimee R Koll-Desrosiers, Stephen O Heard, Stavros G Memtsoudis
AIM: To investigate the microvascular (skeletal muscle tissue oxygenation; SmO2) response to transfusion in patients undergoing elective complex spine surgery. METHODS: After IRB approval and written informed consent, 20 patients aged 18 to 85 years of age undergoing > 3 level anterior and posterior spine fusion surgery were enrolled in the study. Patients were followed throughout the operative procedure, and for 12 h postoperatively. In addition to standard American Society of Anesthesiologists monitors, invasive measurements including central venous pressure, continual analysis of stroke volume (SV), cardiac output (CO), cardiac index (CI), and stroke volume variability (SVV) was performed...
January 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094033/vancomycin-added-to-the-wash-solution-of-the-cell-saver-effect-on-bacterial-contamination
#16
A Perez-Ferrer, E Gredilla-Díaz, J de Vicente-Sánchez, R Navarro-Suay, F Gilsanz-Rodríguez
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to test whether the addition of a low-dose of antibiotic (vancomycin) to the wash solution (saline) of the cell-saver reduces the incidence of bacterial contamination of the autologous red blood cell (RBCs) concentrate recovered. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Experimental, randomized, double-blind, parallel group study performed on 20 consecutive patients scheduled for posterior spinal fusion surgery. Intraoperative bleeding was processed through a cell-saver: HaemoLite(®) 2+, in which the RBCs were washed according to randomization group, with saline (control group) or saline+10μg/ml(-1) vancomycin (vanco group)...
April 2017: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994257/changes-in-cerebral-oxygenation-during-transfusion-therapy
#17
Mumin Hakim, Dmitry Tumin, David P Martin, Walter Samora, Allan C Beebe, Jan E Klamar, Ashley B Hodge, Joseph D Tobias
This study assesses the effects of transfusion of autologous or allogeneic blood on cerebral and tissue oxygenation during spinal surgery. Packed red blood cell transfusions are indicated to improve oxygen delivery to tissues. There are limited data demonstrating changes in tissue oxygenation with blood administration. Tissue (deltoid) and cerebral oxygenation were monitored using near-infrared spectroscopy during spinal surgery in patients. As indicated, cell saver or allogeneic blood was administered. Tissue and cerebral oxygenation were recorded before and after transfusion...
December 2016: Journal of Extra-corporeal Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27850236/597-reinfusion-of-cell-saver-for-up-to-24-hours-post-collection-does-not-increase-risk-of-infection
#18
Elizabeth Nocera, L Eugene Daugherty, Ronald Angona, Hongyue Wang, Brena Tesini, George Alfieris, Jill Cholette
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692949/does-moderate-hypothermia-really-carry-less-bleeding-risk-than-deep-hypothermia-for-circulatory-arrest-a-propensity-matched-comparison-in-hemiarch-replacement
#19
Jeffrey E Keenan, Hanghang Wang, Brian C Gulack, Asvin M Ganapathi, Nicholas D Andersen, Brian R Englum, Yamini Krishnamurthy, Jerrold H Levy, Ian J Welsby, G Chad Hughes
BACKGROUND: Moderate (MHCA) versus deep (DHCA) hypothermia for circulatory arrest in aortic arch surgery has been purported to reduce coagulopathy and bleeding complications, although there are limited data supporting this claim. This study aimed to compare bleeding-related events after aortic hemiarch replacement with MHCA versus DHCA. METHODS: Patients who underwent hemiarch replacement at a single institution from July 2005 to August 2014 were stratified into DHCA and MHCA groups (minimum systemic temperature ≤20°C and >20°C, respectively) and compared...
December 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671218/anesthetic-management-of-transapical-off-pump-mitral-valve-repair-with-neochord-implantation
#20
Ali Sait Kavakli, Nilgun Kavrut Ozturk, Raif Umut Ayoglu, Mustafa Emmiler, Lutfi Ozyurek, Kerem Inanoglu, Sadik Ozmen
OBJECTIVES: Various minimally invasive surgical approaches have been used in mitral valve (MV) surgery. The transapical off-pump mitral valve intervention with NeoChord implantation (TOP-MINI) is a minimally invasive, alternative procedure for the treatment of degenerative mitral regurgitation. There are several special considerations for the anesthesiologist during the TOP-MINI procedure. The main purpose of this study was to present the anesthetic management of the TOP-MINI procedure...
December 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
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