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Gerontology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473940/delirium-a-framework-to-improve-acute-care-for-older-persons
#1
Sharon K Inouye
This article is based on the M. Powell Lawton Award Lecture that I delivered at the 2016 Gerontological Society of America Annual Meeting. I provide an overview of my journey in geriatric medicine and delirium research. I created new measures, including the Confusion Assessment Method, for identification of delirium; conceptualized a multifactorial risk model; and developed and tested intervention strategies for delirium prevention. The Hospital Elder Life Program arose from this work. In addition, like Dr...
February 23, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470586/implications-of-the-care-act-for-latino-caregivers
#2
Billy A Caceres, Adriana Perez
The Caregiver Advise, Record, Enable (CARE) Act has the potential to make a positive impact in the lives of Latino older adults and their caregivers. As Latino individuals are the fastest growing older adult population, the number of Latino families and caregivers is also expected to grow, particularly among those providing care for someone with Alzheimer's disease or other dementias. Caregiving has been considered a culturally embedded value among Latino individuals. Although few studies have focused on caregiving in this population, those that exist suggest that Latino caregivers struggle to find bilingual and bicultural support and information and show higher levels of distress and health disparities...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441797/animal-assisted-intervention-and-dementia-a-systematic-review
#3
Michelle L Yakimicki, Nancy E Edwards, Elizabeth Richards, Alan M Beck
This review discusses the relationship between animal-assisted interventions (AAI) and behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD). A systematic search was conducted within CINAHL, Web of Science CAB Abstracts, PubMed, Abstracts in Social Gerontology, Google Scholar, and PsycINFO for primary research articles. A total of 32 studies were included in the final review. Variation was noted in study designs and in study setting. Twenty-seven of 32 studies used dogs as the intervention. Agitation/aggression showed a significant decrease in nine of 15 studies...
February 1, 2018: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439340/implementation-of-an-occupational-therapy-program-for-alzheimer-s-disease-patients-in-france-patients-and-caregivers-perspectives
#4
Aline Corvol, Alix Netter, Arnaud Campeon, Dominique Somme
BACKGROUND: The French National Alzheimer Plan 2008-2012 created specialized Alzheimer teams, which provide up to 15 sessions of cognitive rehabilitation in the patient's home for 3 months. Sessions are conducted by an occupational therapist and a gerontological nursing assistant. OBJECTIVES: As the patient's experience is one determinant of successful implementation, we explored the usefulness of these teams as viewed by the patient and his or her main caregiver...
2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437185/certified-nursing-assistants-understanding-of-nursing-home-residents-pain
#5
Elizabeth Halifax, Christine Miaskowski, Margaret Wallhagen
Pain is a significant problem for nursing home residents, yet its assessment is complex. Certified nursing assistants (CNAs) spend significant time with residents, but their role in understanding residents' pain is largely unexplored. The current qualitative grounded theory study analyzed interviews with 16 CNAs who described their experiences caring for residents in pain. Findings revealed how CNAs understood, recognized, interpreted, and responded to residents' pain. CNAs were found to differentiate between pain that they considered normal (everyday pain) and new pain judged significant enough to report to licensed nurses...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437184/real-time-observation-of-apathy-in-long-term-care-residents-with-dementia-reliability-of-the-person-environment-apathy-rating-scale
#6
Ying-Ling Jao, Jacqueline Mogle, Kristine Williams, Caroline McDermott, Liza Behrens
Apathy is prevalent in individuals with dementia. Lack of responsiveness to environmental stimulation is a key characteristic of apathy. The Person-Environment Apathy Rating (PEAR) scale consists of environment and apathy subscales, which allow for examination of environmental impact on apathy. The interrater reliability of the PEAR scale was examined via real-time observation. The current study included 45 observations of 15 long-term care residents with dementia. Each participant was observed at three time points for 10 minutes each...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437183/ask-the-right-questions-what-do-non-caregiving-adult-children-need-from-health-care-providers
#7
Munira Wells, Connie Kartoz
Extended healthy life spans are a relatively recent phenomenon that increase the amount of time families spend with older adults in non-caregiving roles. As the emphasis of health care moves to population health and health prevention, nurses caring for older adults must be knowledgeable about this family life stage. To learn more about the lived experience of non-caregiving adult children, 16 non-caregiving adult children were interviewed. The purpose of the current article is to share what needs non-caregiving adult children have from the health care system as they obtain care for themselves and accompany their parent for health care visits...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437182/videoconferencing-for-management-of-heart-failure-an-integrative-review
#8
Karen Bauce, Deborah B Fahs, Janene Batten, Robin Whittemore
Heart failure (HF) is a chronic disease associated with poor prognosis, poor quality of life (QOL), and high medical costs among older adults. Monitoring symptoms, interpreting symptoms, and decision making are self-care skills required for effective HF management. Telemonitoring (TM) is increasingly used to reduce incidence of symptom exacerbation leading to rehospitalization. An integrative review was performed to describe the efficacy of TM interventions that include videoconferencing (VC) on the HF outcomes of hospital service s use, self-care, and QOL...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412847/advances-in-the-conceptualization-and-study-of-schizophrenia-in-later-life
#9
REVIEW
Carl I Cohen, Ksenia Freeman, Dina Ghoneim, Aninditha Vengassery, Brian Ghezelaiagh, Michael M Reinhardt
A crisis looms as research and clinical programs have not kept pace with dramatic increases in the number of older adults with schizophrenia. This article provides an overview of the advances in the conceptualization and study of schizophrenia in later life. Theoretic and clinical models in psychiatry and gerontology are integrated. Specifically, recovery is examined in the context of aging, how clinical dimensionality affects diagnoses in older adults, how various features of schizophrenia are implicated in models of accelerated and paradoxic aging, and how outcome in later life is a more dynamic and heterogeneous than assumed previously...
March 2018: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412437/an-international-position-statement-on-the-management-of-frailty-in-diabetes-mellitus-summary-of-recommendations-2017
#10
A J Sinclair, A Abdelhafiz, T Dunning, M Izquierdo, L Rodriguez Manas, I Bourdel-Marchasson, J E Morley, M Munshi, J Woo, B Vellas
AIM: the the International Position Statement provides the opportunity to summarise all existing clinical trial and best practice evidence for older people with frailty and diabetes. It is the first document of its kind and is intended to support clinical decisions that will enhance safety in management and promote high quality care. METHODS: the Review Group sought evidence from a wide range of studies that provide sufficient confidence (in the absence of grading) for the basis of each recommendation...
2018: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412293/non-frail-elderly-people-and-their-license-to-drive-motor-vehicles
#11
Maria Helena Lenardt, Ana Carolina Kozlowski Cordeiro Garcia, Maria Angélica Binotto, Nathalia Hammerschmidt Kolb Carneiro, Tânia Maria Lourenço, Clovis Cechinel
OBJECTIVE: to analyse the link between the non-frailty condition and the results of driving license for elderly people to drive motor vehicles. METHOD: cross-sectional study with data collection in the sample period from August 2015 to March 2016. Study performed with 347 elderlies (≥60 years). RESULTS: 180 (51.9%) of the participants were classified as non-frail. 48 (26.7%) of them were considered capable to drive, 121 (67.2%) capable to drive with restrictions and 11 (6...
March 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412072/the-missing-link-finding-space-for-gerontology-content-into-university-curricula-in-south-africa
#12
Perpetua Lum Tanyi, André Pelser
The rapid increase in the global elderly population has been widely documented in both demographic and popular literature in recent decades. Population estimates produced by the national statistical service of South Africa in 2017 show that the proportion of elderly (60 years and older) in South Africa is growing fast, reaching 8.1% of the total population in 2017. The country is set to experience a doubling of the population over the age of 65 by the year 2020. Similar to their counterparts in the developed world, tertiary institutions throughout Africa too are faced with the challenge of training professionals capable of understanding and responding to the socioeconomic consequences, social priorities, and complex needs of an increasing aging population...
February 7, 2018: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411535/near-infrared-spectroscopy-detects-age-related-differences-in-skeletal-muscle-oxidative-function-promising-implications-for-geroscience
#13
Susie Chung, Ryan Rosenberry, Terence E Ryan, Madison Munson, Thomas Dombrowsky, Suwon Park, Aida Nasirian, Mark J Haykowsky, Michael D Nelson
Age is the greatest risk factor for chronic disease and is associated with a marked decline in functional capacity and quality of life. A key factor contributing to loss of function in older adults is the decline in skeletal muscle function. While the exact mechanism(s) remains incompletely understood, age-related mitochondrial dysfunction is thought to play a major role. To explore this question further, we studied 15 independently living seniors (age: 72 ± 5 years; m/f: 4/11; BMI: 27.6 ± 5.9) and 17 young volunteers (age: 25 ± 4 years; m/f: 8/9; BMI: 24...
February 2018: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407345/factors-related-to-intention-to-stay-in-the-current-workplace-among-long-term-care-nurses-a-nationwide-survey
#14
Sameh Eltaybani, Maiko Noguchi-Watanabe, Ayumi Igarashi, Yumiko Saito, Noriko Yamamoto-Mitani
BACKGROUND: Keeping long-term care nurses employed is necessary to sustain the current and future demand for high-quality long-term care services. Understanding the factors relating to intention to stay among long-term care nurses is limited by the scarcity of studies in long-term care settings, lack of investigation of multiple factors, and the weakness of existing explanatory models. OBJECTIVE: To identify the factors associated with long-term care nurses' intention to stay in their current workplace...
February 2, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405232/cognitive-frailty-and-incidence-of-dementia-in-older-persons
#15
H Shimada, H Makizako, K Tsutsumimoto, T Doi, S Lee, T Suzuki
BACKGROUND: Cognitive frailty may be a preventive or therapeutic target for preventing dementia and functional decline with age. OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationship between physical and cognitive frailty and the incidence of dementia in community-living older persons. DESIGN: A prospective cohort study. SETTING: General community in Japan. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 4072 persons aged ≥ 65 years...
2018: Journal of Prevention of Alzheimer's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401220/differences-in-mental-cognitive-and-functional-health-by-sexual-orientation-among-older-women-analysis-of-the-2015-behavioral-risk-factor-surveillance-system
#16
Kristie L Seelman
Background and Objectives: This study addresses a gap in the knowledge base regarding whether there are differences in mental, cognitive, and functional health between sexual minority women aged 65 and older and their heterosexual counterparts, as well as whether disparities are moderated by age, socioeconomic status, and race/ethnicity. Research Design and Methods: This study analyzes 2015 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data from 21 states. Multivariate logistic regression is used to test the hypotheses...
February 1, 2018: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397593/-chinese-expert-consensus-on-the-use-of-xuezhikang-2017-revised-edition
#17
(no author information available yet)
Xuezhikang, a Chinese traditional medicine, contains natural statin and is effective on dyslipidemia by inhibiting cholesterol synthesis. Xuezhikang therapy for 8 weeks in patients with hyperlipidemia reduced total cholesterol (TC) by 23%, low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) by 28.5% and triglyceride(TG) by 36.5%, and increased high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) by 19.6%, respectively. Data from China Coronary Secondary Prevention Study (CCSPS) showed that treatment with Xuezhikang lowered the risks of major coronary events, death from coronary heart disease, and all cause death in patients with myocardial infarction, indicating that Xuezhikang can be used in the primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease...
February 1, 2018: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390448/systolic-blood-pressure-decline-in-very-old-individuals-is-explained-by-deteriorating-health-longitudinal-changes-from-ume%C3%A3-85-gerda
#18
Bodil Weidung, Annika Toots, Peter Nordström, Bo Carlberg, Yngve Gustafson
Declining systolic blood pressure (SBP) is common in very old age and is associated with adverse events, such as dementia. Knowledge of factors associated with SBP changes could explain the etiology of this decline in SBP. This study investigated longitudinal changes in socioeconomic factors, medical conditions, drug prescriptions, and assessments and their associations with SBP changes among very old followed individuals.The study was based on data from the Umeå85+/Gerontological Regional Database (GERDA) cohort study, which provided cross-sectional and longitudinal data on participants aged 85, 90, and ≥95 years from 2000 to 2015...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389975/does-poor-oral-health-status-increase-the-risk-of-falls-the-jages-project-longitudinal-study
#19
Yuki Mochida, Tatsuo Yamamoto, Shinya Fuchida, Jun Aida, Katsunori Kondo
We sought to examine if self-reported oral health conditions regarding difficulty eating tough foods, dry mouth, choking, number of teeth and denture use are associated with incident falls. Our study was based on panel data from the Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study conducted in 2010 and 2013 using self-administered questionnaires. Data from 19,995 male and 20,858 female community-dwelling older people aged ≥65 years without a history of falls within the previous year in 2010 were analyzed. Multilevel logistic regression models were used to determine the association between poor oral health in 2010 and multiple incident falls in 2013 after adjusting for possible confounders and considering differences in municipalities...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385450/a-systematic-review-of-research-on-social-networks-of-older-adults
#20
Liat Ayalon, Inbar Levkovich, Patricia C Heyn
Background and Objectives: There has been a substantial interest in life course/life span changes in older adults' social networks and in the relationship between social networks and health and wellbeing. The study embarked on a systematic review to examine the existing knowledgebase on social network in the field of gerontology. Our focus was on studies in which both ego (respondents) and his or her alters (network members) are queried about their social ties. Research Design and Methods: We searched for studies published in English before September, 2017, relied on quantitative methods to obtain data from both ego (60 years of age and older) and alters and provided a quantitative account of the social network properties...
January 29, 2018: Gerontologist
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