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Gerontology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188962/impact-of-poor-sleep-quality-and-physical-inactivity-on-cognitive-function-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#1
Sho Nakakubo, Hyuma Makizako, Takehiko Doi, Kota Tsutsumimoto, Sangyoon Lee, Sungchul Lee, Ryo Hotta, Seongryu Bae, Takao Suzuki, Hiroyuki Shimada
AIM: The purpose of the present study was to examine whether the combination of subjective sleep quality and physical activity is associated with cognitive performance among community-dwelling older adults. METHODS: Cross-sectional data on 5381 older adults who participated in part of the National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology - Study of Geriatric Syndromes were analyzed. We assessed general cognitive impairment using the Mini-Mental State Examination, and also assessed story memory, attention, executive function and processing speed using the National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology Functional Assessment Tool...
February 11, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186825/balancing-safety-and-harm-for-older-adults-with-dementia-in-rural-emergency-departments-healthcare-professionals-perspectives
#2
Kathleen F Hunter, Belinda Parke, Maureen Babb, Dorothy Forbes, Laurel Strain
INTRODUCTION: The emergency department (ED) is a potentially harmful environment for older adults with dementia, and rural EDs face unique challenges in providing care to this population. The purpose of this study was to understand safety and harm in rural ED transitional care for community dwelling older adults with dementia from the perspective of healthcare professionals (HCPs). METHODS: An interpretive, descriptive exploratory design from a social ecological perspective was used...
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178954/experiencing-aging-or-demystifying-myths-impact-of-different-geriatrics-and-gerontology-teaching-strategies-in-first-year-medical-students
#3
Alessandra Lamas Granero Lucchetti, Giancarlo Lucchetti, Isabella Noceli de Oliveira, Alexander Moreira-Almeida, Oscarina da Silva Ezequiel
BACKGROUND: With the aging of the population comes a greater need for geriatric and gerontology teaching. However, there is currently a dearth of investigations on the impact of different educational methodologies for teaching in this area early in medical courses. The present study aims to determine the impact of two educational strategies on the topic "Geriatrics and Gerontology" ("experiencing aging" and "myths of aging") as compared to a control group (no intervention) on the attitudes, empathy and knowledge of first year medical students...
February 8, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177144/ageing-dementia-and-the-social-mind-past-present-and-future-perspectives
#4
Paul Higgs, Chris Gilleard
Accompanying the ageing of contemporary ageing societies is an increase in age associated morbidity, with dementia having an important impact. Mental frailty in later life is a source of fear for many and a major policy concern to all those concerned with health and welfare services. This introduction to the special issue on 'Ageing, dementia and the social mind' situates the selected papers within the context of debates about dementia and its social relations. In particular it draws attention to the importance of the social imaginary of the fourth age and what this means for the issue of personhood, care, social representations of dementia and its social contextualisation...
February 2017: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169107/development-of-an-instrument-for-community-level-health-related-social-capital-among-japanese-older-people-the-jages-project
#5
Masashige Saito, Naoki Kondo, Jun Aida, Ichiro Kawachi, Shihoko Koyama, Toshiyuki Ojima, Katsunori Kondo
BACKGROUND: We developed and validated an instrument to measure community-level social capital based on data derived from older community dwellers in Japan. METHODS: We used cross-sectional data from the Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study, a nationwide survey involving 123,760 functionally independent older people nested within 702 communities (i.e., school districts). We conducted exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses on survey items to determine the items in a multi-dimensional scale to measure community social capital...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165661/robust-universal-biomarker-assay-to-detect-senescent-cells-in-biological-specimens
#6
Konstantinos Evangelou, Nikolaos Lougiakis, Sophia V Rizou, Athanassios Kotsinas, Dimitris Kletsas, Daniel Muñoz-Espín, Nikolaos G Kastrinakis, Nicole Pouli, Panagiotis Marakos, Paul Townsend, Manuel Serrano, Jiri Bartek, Vassilis G Gorgoulis
Cellular senescence contributes to organismal development, aging, and diverse pathologies, yet available assays to detect senescent cells remain unsatisfactory. Here, we designed and synthesized a lipophilic, biotin-linked Sudan Black B (SBB) analogue suitable for sensitive and specific, antibody-enhanced detection of lipofuscin-containing senescent cells in any biological material. This new hybrid histo-/immunochemical method is easy to perform, reliable, and universally applicable to assess senescence in biomedicine, from cancer research to gerontology...
February 2017: Aging Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165614/oral-health-and-incident-depressive-symptoms-jages-project-longitudinal-study-in-older-japanese
#7
Tatsuo Yamamoto, Jun Aida, Katsunori Kondo, Shinya Fuchida, Yukako Tani, Masashige Saito, Yuri Sasaki
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether oral health status predicts depressive symptoms in older Japanese people. DESIGN: Longitudinal study. SETTING: Twenty-four municipalities in Japan. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling individuals aged 65 years and older who responded to mail surveys performed by the Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study in 2010 and 2013 (N = 14,279). MEASUREMENTS: Depressive symptoms were assessed using the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS)...
February 6, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160252/preventing-mobility-disability-in-europe-a-health-economics-perspective-from-the-sprintt-study
#8
Nicolas Sirven, Thomas Rapp, Silvia Coretti, Matteo Ruggeri, Americo Cicchetti
In a global context of population aging, gaining better knowledge of the mechanisms leading to loss of autonomy has become a major objective, notably with the aim of implementing effective preventive health policies. The concept of frailty, originally introduced in gerontology and geriatrics as a precursor state to functional dependency, appears as a useful tool in this specific context. The "Sarcopenia and Physical fRailty IN older people: multi-componenT Treatment strategies" (SPRINTT) project will provide a unique opportunity to explore health economics issues associated with frailty...
February 3, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159059/the-association-between-anorexia-of-aging-and-physical-frailty-results-from-the-national-center-for-geriatrics-and-gerontology-s-study-of-geriatric-syndromes
#9
Kota Tsutsumimoto, Takehiko Doi, Hyuma Makizako, Ryo Hotta, Sho Nakakubo, Keitaro Makino, Takao Suzuki, Hiroyuki Shimada
OBJECTIVES: The present study examined the association between anorexia of aging and physical frailty among older people. STUDY DESIGN: An observational, cross-sectional cohort design was used with a sample of 4417 elderly Japanese citizens living in a community setting. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Frailty was operationalized as the following frailty components: slowness, weakness, exhaustion, low level of physical activity, and weight loss. Participants were grouped as non-frail, pre-frail, and frail, and categorized as anorexic or not using questionnaire cutoff scores...
March 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158316/phishing-suspiciousness-in-older-and-younger-adults-the-role-of-executive-functioning
#10
Brandon E Gavett, Rui Zhao, Samantha E John, Cara A Bussell, Jennifer R Roberts, Chuan Yue
Phishing is the spoofing of Internet websites or emails aimed at tricking users into entering sensitive information, with such goals as financial or identity theft. The current study sought to determine whether age is associated with increased susceptibility to phishing and whether tests of executive functioning can predict phishing susceptibility. A total of 193 cognitively intact participants, 91 younger adults and 102 older adults, were primarily recruited through a Psychology department undergraduate subject pool and a gerontology research registry, respectively...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154896/-meaning-of-oldest-old-for-individuals-and-society-analysis-of-psychological-sociological-gerontological-epidemiological-and-theological-aspects
#11
R Thiesemann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154364/characteristics-and-changes-in-health-status-and-life-function-among-female-elderly-participants-of-group-exercise
#12
Hiromi Tsujimoto, Kazuko Yamada, Ikuharu Morioka
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to clarify the characteristics of female elderly participants of a group exercise organized by the participants themselves and the changes in their physical, mental, and social health, and life function. Findings of this study will be used for promoting effective preventive care. METHODS: The subjects whose characteristics were analyzed were 394 participants and 757 nonparticipants of the group exercise. Those whose changes in health were analyzed were 52 participants and 114 nonparticipants...
2017: Nihon Eiseigaku Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152155/bullying-in-senior-living-facilities-perspectives-of-long-term-care-staff
#13
Felicia J Andresen, Jeffrey A Buchanan
HOW TO OBTAIN CONTACT HOURS BY READING THIS ARTICLE INSTRUCTIONS XX contact hours will be awarded by Villanova University College of Nursing upon successful completion of this activity. A contact hour is a unit of measurement that denotes 60 minutes of an organized learning activity. This is a learner-based activity. Villanova University College of Nursing does not require submission of your answers to the quiz. A contact hour certificate will be awarded once you register, pay the registration fee, and complete the evaluation form online at http://goo...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152154/multi-component-interventions-and-cognitive-health-a-scoping-review
#14
Melissa M Fessel, Maren Mann, Christina E Miyawaki, Dori E Rosenberg
Single-component interventions for modifiable risk factors to improve cognitive function in older adults have limited impacts. Multi-component interventions may be more effective. The current review describes randomized trials of multi-component interventions, and reports the state of the evidence to protect the cognitive health and reduce the risk of cognitive decline among middle-aged and older adults. Two hundred seventy-nine studies were found through electronic databases, 30 full-text reviews were completed, and six studies were identified for final selection...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152153/aspects-of-self-and-identity-in-narrations-about-recent-events-communication-with-individuals-with-alzheimer-s-disease-enabled-by-a-digital-photograph-diary
#15
Eva Karlsson, Karin Zingmark, Karin Axelsson, Stefan Sävenstedt
HOW TO OBTAIN CONTACT HOURS BY READING THIS ARTICLE INSTRUCTIONS XX contact hours will be awarded by Villanova University College of Nursing upon successful completion of this activity. A contact hour is a unit of measurement that denotes 60 minutes of an organized learning activity. This is a learner-based activity. Villanova University College of Nursing does not require submission of your answers to the quiz. A contact hour certificate will be awarded once you register, pay the registration fee, and complete the evaluation form online at http://goo...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152152/direct-care-workforce-training-internet-accessibility-and-acceptance
#16
Daniel P Ochylski, Clare C Luz, Xiaoxi Shen
Evidence exists that web-based learning for health care professionals can improve topic-specific knowledge, increase access to training, and lower training costs. However, limited information exists on the value of online education for improving hands-on skills as part of personal care aide (PCA) training. New PCA training programs are emerging that are fully online or hybrid models that blend online with in-person instruction. Such programs require access to a computer and high-speed internet, which could prove difficult for low-income PCAs who are less likely to own a computer...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129099/first-and-second-year-gerontology-students-research-activities-heightened-connectedness-to-learning
#17
Elyse D'nn Lovell, Janna R Marjamaa, Natasha Gomez Shortnacy, Kara M Cevera, Anna J Rainville, Chelsi J Baker, Suzanne I Nalivka, Alison S Mendoza, Shayna D Lamping, Michelle Davis, Jessica R Thompson
The purpose of this study was to measure first and second year students' engagement as a result of a qualitative inquiry and field experiences with elders residing in an independent and assisted living retirement community. Undergraduate student-research and field experiences are often introduced toward the completion of undergraduate students' academics. The findings suggest discovery and further consideration to implement undergraduate research and field experiences at the beginning of students' academic experiences in gerontology...
January 27, 2017: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129082/come-join-lead-attracting-students-to-careers-in-aging-and-promoting-involvement-in-gerontological-societies
#18
Jennifer Moye, Victor A Molinari, Michele J Karel, Aanand D Naik, Erin Sakai, Brian D Carpenter
Geriatric educators face the challenge of attracting more clinicians, scientists, and educators into geriatrics and gerontology, and promoting involvement in gerontological societies. A survey of psychologists (N = 100) examined factors that attract students in clinical/counseling psychology to practice with older adults, as well as experiences in organizational service. For 58%, interest in aging began at the undergraduate level, but for others interest developed later. About half cited academic exposure such as mentorship (51%), research (47%), or coursework (45%) as sparking interest, along with family (68%) or work experience (61%)...
January 27, 2017: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128395/evidence-based-practice-guideline-acute-pain-management-in-older-adults
#19
Randy Cornelius, Keela A Herr, Debra B Gordon, Kikikipa Kretzer, Howard K Butcher
Acute pain is a prevalent problem in a growing segment of the older adult population and is often ineffectively managed despite the accumulation of evidence to guide assessment and support interventions in managing pain. Improvements in acute pain management in older adults are needed to provide consistent and quality pain assessment techniques and treatment therapies consistent with patient and/or family preferences. The current article briefly discusses ways to improve the pain experience and outcomes for older patients and families...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128394/person-centered-primary-care-strategies-for-assessment-of-and-intervention-for-aggressive-behaviors-in-dementia
#20
Anand Desai, Tracy Wharton, Laura Struble, Mary Blazek
With an increase in the number of individuals affected by dementia, it is imperative for health care providers to be well versed in the most effective ways to manage neuropsychiatric symptoms, such as aggression. Aggression can be particularly hard to manage because it creates risk of harm for formal and informal caregivers, and options for medical intervention are complex and situation dependent. Although multiple guidelines for management of aggression in dementia are available in the literature, their scope is widespread and suggested treatments often vary, making decision making difficult to navigate for busy clinicians...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
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