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Gerontology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414582/educating-the-next-generation-of-family-caregivers-through-the-use-of-dynamic-case-studies
#1
Carol L Jenkins, Abby J Schwartz
Between 2008 and 2016, students in an Introduction to Gerontology course were required to complete a dynamic case study project simulating caregiving arrangement decision-making. Students were divided into groups representing typical multigenerational families, and were required to determine how to develop caregiving arrangements to respond to an older family member's changing levels of need. The assignment concluded with students writing a final paper summarizing what they learned. This study examined the themes emerging from student group case study papers to gain an understanding of the challenges students face in understanding the dynamics of making family-based caregiving decisions...
April 17, 2017: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413011/-nurse-coordinator-and-doctor-coordinator-in-a-gerontology-network
#2
Anne-Laure Couderc, Corinne Gérard, Stéphane Fabriès, Jean-Claude Pical, Patrick Villani
The Marseille gerontology network consists of a geriatric team providing support in patients' homes across the Marseille urban area. It forms an integral part of the geriatric care sector ensuring that elderly people living at home benefit from a global medical-psychological-social assessment. The aim is to enable elderly people to continue living and receiving care in their home.
March 2017: Soins. Gérontologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412640/is-a-hilly-neighborhood-environment-associated-with-diabetes-mellitus-among-older-people-results-from-the-jages-2010-study
#3
Takeo Fujiwara, Iseki Takamoto, Airi Amemiya, Masamichi Hanazato, Norimichi Suzuki, Yuiko Nagamine, Yuri Sasaki, Yukako Tani, Aki Yazawa, Yosuke Inoue, Kokoro Shirai, Yugo Shobugawa, Naoki Kondo, Katsunori Kondo
BACKGROUND: Although living in a hilly environment may promote muscular activity in the daily lives of residents, and such activity may prevent diabetes mellitus, few studies have focused on the impact of living in a hilly environment on diabetes mellitus. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of a hilly neighborhood environment on DM in older people. METHODS: We used data from the Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study, a population-based, cross-sectional study of individuals aged 65 or older without long-term care needs in Japan, which was conducted in 2010...
April 10, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411094/association-of-social-frailty-with-both-cognitive-and-physical-deficits-among-older-people
#4
Kota Tsutsumimoto, Takehiko Doi, Hyuma Makizako, Ryo Hotta, Sho Nakakubo, Keitaro Makino, Takao Suzuki, Hiroyuki Shimada
OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to investigate the association between social frailty and cognitive and physical function among older adults. DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional study. SETTING: We examined community-dwelling adults in Japan. PARTICIPANTS: Participants comprised 4425 older Japanese people from the National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology-Study of Geriatric Syndromes. MEASUREMENTS: Social frailty was defined by using responses to 5 questions (going out less frequently, rarely visiting friends, feeling unhelpful to friends or family, living alone, and not talking with someone every day)...
April 11, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399320/physical-activity-functional-ability-and-obesity-in-older-adults-a-gender-difference
#5
Kimberlee A Gretebeck, LeAnn M Sabatini, David R Black, Randall J Gretebeck
Disability, institutionalization, and loss of independence may be directly caused or exacerbated by physical inactivity and obesity. The purpose of the current cross-sectional survey was to explore the impact of gender and obesity on functional ability tasks, physical activity, and psychosocial factors in older adults. Participants comprised 964 University retirees (55% female, mean age = 75.3 years, SD = 6.7 years) with a mean body mass index (BMI) of 26.1 kg/m(2) (SD = 4.7 kg/m(2)). Results revealed significant gender and BMI interaction effects...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399319/factors-associated-with-potentially-inappropriate-medication-use-in-rural-community-dwelling-older-adults
#6
Marcia Y Shade, Ann M Berger, Claudia Chaperon, Gleb Haynatzki, Linda Sobeski, Bernice Yates
Potentially inappropriate medication (PIM) use is a serious public health problem in older adults because it may lead to adverse events. The purpose of the current study was to explore PIM use in rural, community-dwelling older adults. Participants (N = 138) underwent one-on-one medication reviews. Approximately one half (49%) of the sample used prescribed and over-the-counter (OTC) PIM. Prescribed and OTC nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (33%) and anticholinergic medications (28%) were the most frequently used PIM...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399318/suicide-ideation-in-older-adults-recovering-from-acute-conditions-in-a-clinical-recovery-facility
#7
Rui C Campos, Sara Santos, Margarida Piteira, Marta Abreu, Sofia Tavares
The aim of the current study was to assess suicide ideation in a sample of older adults recovering from acute conditions in a clinical recovery facility of the Portuguese Red Cross. Four indicators of suicide ideation were used. Clinical, contextual, and psychological variables-namely, previous suicide attempts, death of a family member by suicide, loneliness, and interpersonal needs-were also tested to determine whether they were related to suicide ideation. Findings show suicide ideation is frequent at admission and related to patients' previous suicide attempts...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399317/patterns-of-new-physical-problems-emerging-in-long-term-care-residents-with-dementia
#8
Christine R Kovach, Julie Ellis, Crystal-Rae Evans
Individuals receiving skilled nursing care have multiple comorbid conditions that impact comfort and resource use. The current study describes variations in the trajectories of new physical problems emerging over 8 weeks and the predictive value for future health and behavior in a sample of 72 residents with dementia. Residents had two to 37 new physical problems occurring over 8 weeks. Sixty-five percent of the sample had five or more new problems and were identified by three unstable trajectories. Common problems, illnesses, and symptoms accounted for 28...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399316/predicting-health-promotion-and-quality-of-life-with-symptom-clusters-and-social-supports-among-older-adults-with-multiple-sclerosis
#9
Wenhui Zhang, Heather Becker, Alexa K Stuifbergen, Adama Brown
Symptoms common among individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS) may influence health promotion and quality of life, especially among older adults, who often experience multiple chronic conditions. To identify and examine symptom clusters' effect on health promotion and quality of life, data from 215 adults with MS older than 60 (average years with diagnosis = 29) were analyzed. Correlations among symptoms ranged from 0.33 to 0.81. Factor analysis identified two symptom clusters: (a) physical/psychological/cognitive symptoms and (b) pain symptoms...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399315/feasibility-and-efficacy-of-a-shared-yoga-intervention-for-sleep-disturbance-in-older-adults-with-osteoarthritis
#10
Diana Taibi Buchanan, Michael V Vitiello, Kimberly Bennett
The purpose of the current study was to test the feasibility and efficacy of a shared yoga (SY) program for sleep disturbance in older adults with osteoarthritis (OA). Participants (ages 50 to 72) with insomnia related to OA were randomized to 12 weeks of SY (n = 9) or individual yoga (IY; n = 7). The sample was 53% male and 41% self-identified as a race other than White/Caucasian. The groups did not significantly differ in class attendance, home practice, or change scores on efficacy outcomes. Pre-post comparisons in all participants showed statistically significant improvements on the Insomnia Severity Index and Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement System sleep disturbance scale...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399314/portuguese-older-adults-presenting-at-the-emergency-department-predictive-validity-of-the-identification-of-seniors-at-risk-isar-tool
#11
João Paulo de Almeida Tavares, Pedro Sa-Couto, Marie Boltz, Elizabeth Capezuti
Following an emergency department (ED) visit, older adults are more likely to experience poorer outcomes than younger adults. It is crucial to identify older patients using a validated tool. One of the most studied tools is the Identification of Seniors at Risk (ISAR), which is used to identify older adults at risk of adverse outcomes after ED admission. The purpose of the current study was to examine the sensitivity, specificity, and interrater reliability of the Portuguese version of the ISAR when considering early (30 days) and late (180 days) outcomes...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399313/definition-determinants-and-outcomes-of-social-connectedness-for-older-adults-a-scoping-review
#12
Hannah M O'Rourke, Souraya Sidani
Social connectedness is critical to older adults' well-being, but is defined inconsistently and its determinants and outcomes have not been comprehensively described. The current scoping review mapped the definitions, determinants, and outcomes of social connectedness for older adults. By identifying the conceptual features described in most articles, social connectedness was defined as: the opposite of loneliness, a subjective evaluation of the extent to which one has meaningful, close, and constructive relationships with others (i...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397376/nursing-curriculums-may-hinder-a-career-in-gerontological-nursing-an-integrative-review
#13
William Garbrah, Tarja Välimäki, Marjo Palovaara, Päivi Kankkunen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate what prevents undergraduate nursing students from choosing gerontological nursing as a career option. DESIGN: This study utilised an integrative literature review, which allows the inclusion of previous studies with diverse research designs to gain a broader view of the reasons why nursing students do not choose a gerontological nursing career. METHODS: An electronic database search of CINAHL (Ebsco), Scopus and Eric elicited 251 scientific peer-reviewed empirical studies, published from 2006 to March 2016 in English...
April 10, 2017: International Journal of Older People Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395073/who-hires-social-workers-structural-and-contextual-determinants-of-social-service-staffing-in-nursing-homes
#14
Amy Restorick Roberts, John R Bowblis
Although nurse staffing has been extensively studied within nursing homes (NHs), social services has received less attention. The study describes how social service departments are organized in NHs and examines the structural characteristics of NHs and other macro-focused contextual factors that explain differences in social service staffing patterns using longitudinal national data (Certification and Survey Provider Enhanced Reports, 2009-2012). NHs have three patterns of staffing for social services, using qualified social workers (QSWs); paraprofessional social service staff; and interprofessional teams, consisting of both QSWs and paraprofessionals...
February 1, 2017: Health & Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393460/ageing-out-of-place-the-meaning-of-home-among-hispanic-older-persons-living-in-the-united-states
#15
Alicia Curtin, Diane C Martins, Catharina Gillsjö, Donna Schwartz-Barcott
AIM: To explore the meaning of home among older Hispanic immigrants who are "aging out of place." BACKGROUND: Emerging evidence supports the concept of older persons ageing in place. Nurse researchers have demonstrated that older person who age in place have better physical, psychological and cognitive outcomes. Less, however, is known about older persons who are "aging out of place," meaning out of their country of origin. With the growth of home health care, there is a need to understand the older immigrants' meaning of home when ageing out of their country of origin...
April 9, 2017: International Journal of Older People Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387132/a-comparative-study-of-undergraduates-attitudes-toward-aging-in-taiwan-and-the-united-states-through-student-drawings
#16
Chih-Ling Liou
The purpose of this study is to compare similarities and differences in the attitudes toward aging among college students from Taiwan and the United States; 128 Taiwanese students and 124 U.S. students participated in this study. The findings indicate that the majority of students from both countries viewed aging as consisting primarily of physical changes. The differences are the U.S. students' drawings showing physical decline along with hospitals, nursing homes, or death, whereas Taiwanese students presenting physical decline as getting wrinkles, wearing glasses, or needing aid devices...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381194/prevalence-of-loneliness-over-ten-years-among-the-oldest-old
#17
Fredrica Nyqvist, Mima Cattan, Mia Conradsson, Marina Näsman, Yngve Gustafsson
AIMS: This study examined the prevalence of loneliness among the oldest old within a 10-year period and studied the influence of various sociodemographic, social and health characteristics on loneliness. METHODS: The study used population-based data from the Umeå85+/GErontological Regional DAtabase-study (GERDA) for the years 2000-2002, 2005-2007 and 2010-2012 including 85-year-old, 90-year-old and ⩾95-year-old participants. A final sample of 304 participants in 2000-2002, 329 participants in 2005-2007 and 401 participants in 2010-2012 was included in the analyses...
April 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378206/feasibility-reliability-and-validity-of-the-japanese-version-of-the-12-item-world-health-organization-disability-assessment-schedule-2-in-preoperative-patients
#18
Mitsuru Ida, Yusuke Naito, Yuu Tanaka, Yasunori Matsunari, Satoki Inoue, Masahiko Kawaguchi
PURPOSE: The avoidance of postoperative functional disability is one of the most important concerns of patients facing surgery, but methods to evaluate disability have not been definitively established. The aim of our study was to evaluate the feasibility, reliability, and validity of the Japanese version of the 12-item World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule-2 (WHODAS 2.0-J) in preoperative patients. METHODS: Individuals aged ≥55 years who were scheduled to undergo surgery in a tertiary-care hospital in Japan between April 2016 and September 2016 were eligible for enrolment in the study...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375813/toward-a-gender-politics-of-aging
#19
Gemma M Carney
The article proposes a Gender Politics of Aging approach to the study of aging societies. The approach recognizes the feminization of old age, ageism's roots in sexist discourse, and the need to recognize the role of politics in driving demographic debates. Drawing together arguments from feminist gerontology and political demography, the article argues that the intersection of politics and gender must be considered if appropriate responses to an older, feminized demography are to be produced. I conclude that the work of aging feminists provides a rich vein of research and praxis from which a gender politics of aging approach can draw...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Women & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358972/nurse-patient-and-care-partner-perceptions-of-a-personalized-safety-plan-screensaver
#20
Megan Duckworth, Emily Leung, Theresa Fuller, Jenzel Espares, Brittany Couture, Frank Chang, Alexandra C Businger, Sarah Collins, Anuj Dalal, Anne Fladger, Jeffrey L Schnipper, Kumiko O Schnock, David W Bates, Patricia C Dykes
A patient safety plan dashboard was developed that captures disparate data from the electronic health record that is then displayed as a personalized bedside screensaver. The dashboard aligns all care team members, including patients and families, in the safety plan. The screensaver content includes icons that pertain to common geriatric syndromes. In two phases, interviews were conducted with nurses, nursing assistants, patients, and informal caregivers in a large, tertiary care center. End user perceptions of the content and interface of the personalized safety plan screensavers were identified and strategies to overcome the barriers to use for future iterations were defined...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
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