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Anna Janhsen, Heidrun Golla, Vanessa Romotzky, Christiane Woopen
BACKGROUND: A multitude of studies have demonstrated a positive effect of spirituality for dealing with difficult situations in life; however, specific studies on spirituality in older age are exceptionally rare within the German gerontological research landscape. The theory of gerotranscendence by Tornstam indicates that spirituality is of particular importance for maintaining life satisfaction especially in older age, due to a change in perspective. OBJECTIVES: This study looked into the research questions of how spirituality is presented in the oldest old (80 years and older) in Germany and to what extent its characteristics are specific to older age...
April 12, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
Huei-Ru Lin, Taishi Tsuji, Katsunori Kondo, Yuichi Imanaka
In Japan, the prevalence of dementia is expected to reach 4.7 million by 2025. This study aimed to develop a risk score for the prediction of incident dementia in community-dwelling older adults. In this longitudinal observational study, we used data from the Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study (JAGES) conducted in K City. We performed Cox regression analyses to develop three risk score models for the prediction of incident dementia in older adults using a frailty index and health checkup data. Analyses of the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve were conducted to compare the models' predictive abilities...
April 4, 2018: Preventive Medicine
Mary S Beck, Mindy Doscher
The current study described RN and patient care technician (PCT) communication in centralized and hybrid decentralized workstation designs using hands-free communication technology and infrared locator badge technology to facilitate communication. New construction of an oncology unit provided the opportunity to compare staff communication in two different workstation designs. Observations and questionnaires compared nurse and PCT communication in the two-unit designs. Descriptive statistics were used to analyze the differences...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
Lisa Huang, Jazmin Turner, Nicole J Brandt
The older adult population continues to steadily increase. Largely attributed to longer life spans and aging of the Baby Boomer generation, continued growth of this population is expected to affect a multitude of challenging public health concerns. Specifically, falls in older adults are prevalent but overlooked concerns. Health care providers are well-positioned to provide valuable interventions in this aspect. An interdisciplinary, team-based approach of health care providers is required to maximize falls prevention through patient-centered and collaborative care...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
Margaret M Manoogian, Melissa L Cannon
As our global older adult populations are increasing, university programs are well-positioned to produce an effective, gerontology-trained workforce (Morgan, 2012; Silverstein & Fitzgerald, 2017). A gerontology curriculum comprehensively can offer students an aligned career development track that encourages them to: (a) learn more about themselves as a foundation for negotiating career paths; (b) develop and refine career skills; (c) participate in experiential learning experiences; and (d) complete competency-focused opportunities...
April 2, 2018: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
Michelle Putnam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
N Cable, A Hiyoshi, N Kondo, J Aida, H Sjöqvist, K Kondo
We examined correlating clinical biomarkers for the physical aspect of frailty among community-dwelling older adults in Japan, using Japanese Gerontological Evaluation Study (JAGES). We used information from the JAGES participants ( N = 3,128) who also participated in the community health screening in 2010. We grouped participants' response to the Study of Osteoporotic Fracture (SOF) Frailty Index into robust (=0), intermediate frail (=1), and frail (=2+) ones to indicate physical aspect of frailty. Independent of sex and age, results from multinomial logistic regression showed above normal albumin and below normal HDL and haemoglobin levels were positively associated with intermediate frail (RRR = 1...
2018: BioMed Research International
Alexandra Hering, Matthias Kliegel, Peter G Rendell, Fergus I M Craik, Nathan S Rose
OBJECTIVES: Prospective memory (PM), the ability to execute delayed intentions, has received increasing attention in neuropsychology and gerontology. Most of this research is motivated by the claim that PM is critical for maintaining functional independence; yet, there is a dearth of empirical evidence to back up the claims. Thus, the present study tested whether PM predicts functional independence in older adults using validated behavioral performance measures for both PM and functional independence...
April 2, 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
Yosuke Osuka, Takao Suzuki, Miji Kim, Narumi Kojima, Ken Fujino, Yuko Yoshida, Hirohiko Hirano, Hunkyung Kim
Exercise can delay the decline of instrumental activities of daily living (IADL), although it remains unclear which specific exercise types are associated with such a delay. This 4-year prospective cohort study in Japan aimed to identify the longitudinal associations between exercise types and the onset of IADL decline in older women. Between 2008 and 2012, 1082 community-dwelling older women aged ≥75 years participated in this study. Participations in 16 exercise types based on a face-to-face interview at baseline were used as independent variables...
March 26, 2018: Preventive Medicine
Kathleen H Dever
Nurse managers (NMs) in long-term care supervise health care services for individuals with high acuity levels and numerous comorbidities. There is minimal research identifying NMs' skills and competencies as unit leaders within the long-term care environment. The current mixed-methods study identified NMs' leadership skills and competencies. Nineteen NMs with ≥5 years' long-term care management experience completed the Nurse Manager Inventory Tool and were individually interviewed. They rated their clinical skills at the competent level and their financial/strategic management skills at the novice level...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
Mary M Murphy
Identifying older adults with heart failure at risk for hospital readmission is challenging, and risk prediction models may be improved with inclusion of telehealth factors. In the current study, demographic, clinical, telehealth, and use data for emergency department (ED) presentations, hospitalizations, and length of stay (LOS) were collected from the records of 187 Veterans with heart failure participating in a 90-day Care Coordination Home Telehealth program between September 2007 and September 2013. Heart failure-related ED visits were 17...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
Elena O Siegel, Kristen Bettega, Debra Bakerjian, Suzanne Sikma
Nursing homes use team nursing, with minimal RN presence, leaving the majority of direct care to licensed practical/vocational nurses (LPNs/LVNs) and unlicensed assistive personnel (UAP), including medication aides. The current article describes challenges faced by nursing home directors of nursing (DONs) leading and managing a team nursing approach, including consideration of scope of practice, delegation and supervision regulations, and related policy implications. A secondary data analysis was performed of qualitative data from a study to develop and test DON guidelines for delegation in nursing home practice...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
Jason W Stull, Cydney C Hoffman, Timothy Landers
Pets are encountered in nursing homes and although they provide health benefits to individuals, they are also a source of health risks. The current study aimed to determine the frequency and types of animals in nursing homes, perceived benefits, and content of policies addressing health risks. Ninety-five administrators from unique nursing homes in Ohio completed an online survey addressing perceived benefits and risks of animals and policies in place. Animals were permitted in 99% of nursing homes, with dogs (95%), cats (85%), birds (71%), fish (55%), and farm animals (40%) most frequently reported...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
Donna M Fick, Sharon K Inouye, Caroline McDermott, Wenxiao Zhou, Long Ngo, Jackie Gallagher, Jane McDowell, Janice Penrod, Jonathan Siuta, Thomas Covaleski, Edward R Marcantonio
The feasibility and acceptability of a two-step screening protocol for delirium identification was pilot tested. Step 1, a screening tool, comprises two items: "Please tell me the day of the week," and "Please tell me the months of the year backwards starting with December." If either/both items are incorrect, Step 2, a 3-minute diagnostic assessment, follows. Trained researchers enrolled 24 hospitalized older adults and identified 22% to be delirious after a reference standard assessment...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
Yu Taniguchi, Akihiko Kitamura, Yu Nofuji, Tatsuro Ishizaki, Satoshi Seino, Yuri Yokoyama, Tomohiro Shinozaki, Hiroshi Murayama, Seigo Mitsutake, Hidenori Amano, Mariko Nishi, Yutaka Matsuyama, Yoshinori Fujiwara, Shoji Shinkai
Background: Higher-level functional capacity is crucial component for independent living in later life. We used repeated-measures analysis to identify aging trajectories in higher-level functional capacity. We then determined whether these trajectories were associated with all-cause mortality and examined differences in medical and long-term care costs between trajectories among community-dwelling older Japanese. Methods: 2,675 adults aged 65-90 years participated in annual geriatric health assessments and biennial health monitoring surveys during the period from October 2001 through August 2011...
March 26, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
Tami Saito, Naoki Kondo, Koichiro Shiba, Chiyoe Murata, Katsunori Kondo
AIM: Long-term care systems may alleviate caregiver burdens, particularly for those with fewer resources. However, it remains unclear whether socioeconomic disparity in caregiver burdens exists under a public, universal long-term care insurance (LTCI) system. This study examined income-based inequalities in caregiving time and depressive symptoms in Japanese older family caregivers. We further compared inequality in depressive symptoms with that of non-caregivers to evaluate whether family caregiving exacerbates this disparity...
2018: PloS One
Krystle A P Penders, Ezra van Zadelhoff, Gina Rossi, Inge G P Duimel-Peeters, Sebastiaan P J van Alphen, Job F M Metsemakers
Although the Gerontological Personality Disorders Scale (GPS) can aid in detecting personality disorders (PDs) in older adults in general practice, its availability does not guarantee its use. This study therefore aimed to examine the feasibility and acceptability of the GPS from an older adult, informant, and professional perspective. A convergent parallel mixed methods study was conducted. Qualitative data were collected through semistructured interviews with four general practitioners and four nurse practitioners and were analyzed thematically...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
Virginia Boccardi, Riccardo Calvani, Federica Limongi, Anna Marseglia, Alexandra Mason, Marianna Noale, Domenico Rogoli, Nicola Veronese, Gaetano Crepaldi, Stefania Maggi
The Mediterranean Diet Foundation, in collaboration with the International Menarini Foundation, organized the "International Conference on Mediterranean Diet and Health: A Lifelong Approach." The Conference was held in Ostuni (Puglia, Italy) from March 30 to April 1, 2017. The event received the endorsement of the American Federation for Aging Research, the Research Consortium "Luigi Amaducci," the European Nutrition for Health Alliance, the European Union Geriatric Medicine Society, the Clinical Section of the International Association of Gerontology and Geriatrics-European Region, the National Research Council Research Project on Aging, the Italian Society of Gerontology and Geriatrics, and the Italian Society of Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism...
February 8, 2018: Nutrition
Aurélien Martineau, Mathilde Plard
Since the mid-20th century, scientist has been searching the components of successful or active aging. At the beginning of the 21st century, demographic aging is now a global issue and successful aging has emerged as a gerontological paradigm through nation and international policies. Conducting a comprehensive review of scientific literature on this paradigm offers the opportunity to identify the key components of successful aging. Based on the results of this approach, we show that the components are not limited to the functional and cognitive health of individuals...
March 1, 2018: Gériatrie et Psychologie Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement
Brad Bolman
Cold War curiosities about the dangers of radiation generated significant funding for an array of biomedical projects as enticing as they were unpredictable, introducing newly standardized experimental animals into laboratories and a novel merging of scientific disciplines. The desire to understand radiation's effects on human longevity spurred a multi-sited, multi-decade project that subjected beagle dogs to varying degrees of irradiation. One of those laboratories, located at the southern tip of the campus of the University of California, Davis, eventually hosted an elaborate experimental breeding kennel and a population of 'control' dogs that set new milestones for canine longevity...
March 1, 2018: Social Studies of Science
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