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Gerontology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821428/honeybee-workers-with-higher-reproductive-potential-live-longer-lives
#1
Karolina Kuszewska, Krzysztof Miler, Wiktoria Rojek, Michal Woyciechowski
Social insects, especially honeybees, have received much attention in comparative gerontology because of their peculiar and flexible ageing patterns that differ across genetically similar individuals. The longevity of honeybee individuals varies and depends on patterns of gene expression during development; females developing into reproductive individuals (queens) live longer than facultatively sterile workers. Here, we show that rebel workers, which develop under queenless conditions after swarming and have high reproductive potential, live approximately 4days longer in hives and approximately 3days longer in cages than individuals that develop in queenright colonies and have lower reproductive potential; this difference in longevity occurs in both free-flying and caged workers...
August 15, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816030/marking-excellence-in-contributions-to-the-gerontological-nursing-literature
#2
EDITORIAL
Sarah H Kagan, G J Melendez-Torres
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: International Journal of Older People Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814289/cohort-study-on-living-arrangements-of-older-men-and-women-and-risk-for-basic-activities-of-daily-living-disability-findings-from-the-ages-project
#3
Tami Saito, Chiyoe Murata, Jun Aida, Katsunori Kondo
BACKGROUND: Living arrangements of older adults have changed worldwide with increasing solitary and non-spouse households, which could affect social care systems. However, the relationship between these households and disability onset has remained unclear. We examined the relationship between living arrangements and the onset of basic activities of daily living disability in older adults, with a focus on gender differences and cohabitation status of those without a spouse. METHODS: Data from 6600 men and 6868 women aged 65 years or older without disability were obtained from the Aichi Gerontological Evaluation Study Project in Japan...
August 16, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802215/predictors-of-self-reported-knee-osteoarthritis-in-community-dwelling-older-women-in-japan-a-cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-cohort-study
#4
Narumi Kojima, Miji Kim, Kyoko Saito, Yuko Yoshida, Hirohiko Hirano, Shuichi Obuchi, Hiroyuki Shimada, Takao Suzuki, Hunkyung Kim
PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine the predictors of knee osteoarthritis in community-dwelling elderly Japanese women. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, The Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Gerontology collected baseline data in 2008 and follow-up data in 2012 for participants from the Itabashi Ward of Tokyo, Japan. Participants were asked at each time point if they had been diagnosed with knee osteoarthritis. The baseline evaluation was conducted with 1289 community-dwelling women aged 75-85 years, of which 992 reported no history of knee osteoarthritis...
July 30, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802118/associations-of-relative-deprivation-and-income-rank-with-depressive-symptoms-among-older-adults-in-japan
#5
Krisztina Gero, Katsunori Kondo, Naoki Kondo, Kokoro Shirai, Ichiro Kawachi
INTRODUCTION: Income is hypothesized to affect health not just through material pathways (i.e., the ability to purchase health-enhancing goods) but also through psychosocial pathways (e.g., social comparisons with others). Two concepts relevant to the psychosocial effects of income are: relative deprivation (for example expressed by the Yitzhaki Index, measuring the magnitude of difference in income among individuals) and Income Rank. This study examined whether higher relative deprivation and lower income rank are associated with depressive symptoms in an older population independently of absolute income...
August 3, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797309/aging-well-on-the-autism-spectrum-the-perspectives-of-autistic-adults-and-carers
#6
Ye In Jane Hwang, Kitty-Rose Foley, Julian N Trollor
BACKGROUND: "Aging well" is an increasingly popular concept in gerontology. Adults with disabilities such as autism spectrum disorder represent a demographically substantial population, yet remain excluded from existing conceptualizations of aging well. This qualitative study aimed to explore what it means for autistic adults to "age well" from the perspectives of autistic adults and carers. METHODS: Twenty-four semi-structured interviews were conducted with 15 autistic adults (mean age 50...
August 11, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793093/fundamentals-and-practice-of-care-in-gerontological-nursing
#7
EDITORIAL
Sandra Helena Isse Polaro, Livia Cozer Montenegro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791772/functional-trajectories-of-older-patients-admitted-to-an-acute-care-unit-for-elders
#8
Andreina D'Onofrio, Christophe Büla, Eve Rubli, Fabiana Butrogno, Diane Morin
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To describe the functional trajectories of older medical inpatients and to identify factors associated with overall and in-hospital functional decline. BACKGROUND: Functional decline during a hospital stay is an important clinical outcome because independence remains a major determinant of older persons' quality of life and health care demands. DESIGN AND METHODS: Participants (n = 189) were admitted to the Acute Care Unit for Elders of a Swiss academic hospital and were aged 65 years and older...
August 9, 2017: International Journal of Older People Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768459/association-between-socioeconomic-and-health-factors-and-edentulism-in-people-aged-65-and-older-a-population-based-survey
#9
Hanna Olofsson, Eva Lena Ulander, Yngve Gustafson, Carl Hörnsten
AIMS: To study edentulism and use of dental services in a population-based sample of people aged 65 years and older from northern Sweden and western Finland. METHODS: In 2010, people aged 65, 70, 75 and 80 years who were living in one of 32 municipalities in northern Sweden and western Finland were invited to answer a questionnaire as part of the Gerontological Regional Database (GERDA) study ( n = 6099). The questionnaire contained items related to socioeconomic status, general health and edentulism...
August 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762593/influencing-everyday-activities-in-a-nursing-home-setting-a-call-for-ethical-and-responsive-engagement
#10
Margarita Mondaca, Staffan Josephsson, Arlene Katz, Lena Rosenberg
This study focuses on influence that older adults, living in nursing homes, have over everyday activities. Everyday activities are key to sustain a sense of stability, predictability, and enjoyment in the local world of people's everyday and therefore a critical dimension of the person-centeredness framework applied within gerontology. This narrative ethnographic study aimed to shed light on how influence can be situated contextually, and how it can emerge through activities as well as how it is negotiated in everyday by frail older adults living in a nursing home...
August 1, 2017: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759552/flipping-an-undergraduate-gerontological-nursing-course-student-perceptions
#11
Beverly Waller Dabney, Ronald Mitchell
A flipped classroom instructional method was implemented in a gerontological nursing course. Students were surveyed to evaluate their perceptions of the flipped classroom module as well as their satisfaction with it. Open-ended questions were used to explore the students' best and least favorite aspects of the format. Results indicated that, overall, students were satisfied with and received benefits from the new format; some students experienced frustration in the nonpassive classroom setting. Additional research is needed to determine how to meet the needs of these students and which undergraduate nursing courses are suited for the flipped classroom format...
July 28, 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757465/mini-encyclopaedia-of-the-wound-healing-opportunities-for-integrating-multi-omic-approaches-into-medical-practice
#12
Lara Stolzenburg-Veeser, Olga Golubnitschaja
Wound healing is a highly complex life-important repair process triggered by plenty of local and/or systemic organ and tissue damaging events, such as an acute surgical invasion, accidental organ and tissue damages, acute and chronic diseases, aggressive local and systemic therapeutic approaches (e.g. irradiation and systemic chemotherapy). Individual health condition determines over the quality of wound healing. Impaired wound healing, in turn, may lead, for example, to post-surgical complications frequently observed in elderly, chronic ulcers in diabetic patients, hindered and ineffective pain management, etc...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748709/aging-perceptions-in-older-gay-and-bisexual-men-in-portugal-a-qualitative-study
#13
Henrique Pereira, Juan Pedro Serrano, Brian de Vries, Graça Esgalhado, Rosa Marina Afonso, Samuel Monteiro
Aims and Objectives The purpose of this study was to explore the perceptions toward aging among Portuguese gay and bisexual men over 60 years old. Background Despite the growth of the older population, and the increased visibility and acceptance of lesbian, gay, and bisexual people in Western countries, the experience of aging in older gay and bisexual men is only beginning to be understood. Design We used a qualitative research methodology, based on critical gerontology, for establishing research questions and to identify the perspectives on the aging process in older gay and bisexual individuals...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746108/online-resources-for-gerontology
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742925/a-capabilities-approach-to-environmental-impact-on-nursing-home-resident-quality-of-life
#15
Whitney Thurman, Tracie C Harrison, Shelley A Blozis, Michelle Dionne-Vahalik, Sharilyn Mead
Nursing homes are the major provider of intermediate and long-term care outside of the hospital setting to individuals whose capacity for self-care is limited due to physical or cognitive impairments. Yet, despite their need for assistance, residents of nursing homes want to control their lives, set their routines, and do enjoyable things. The extent to which residents can maintain autonomy and dignity is important. The current study suggests an environmental gerontological framework, rooted in a capabilities approach, that can be used to consider environmental impact on quality of life in nursing homes...
July 1, 2017: Research in Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742924/geocoding-to-manage-missing-data-in-a-secondary-analysis-of-community-dwelling-low-income-older-adults
#16
Kathy Wright, Shirley M Moore, Diana Lynn Morris, Susan Hazelett
Managing missing data in a secondary analysis is daunting, particularly if the data of interest were not included in the parent study design. The current study describes the use of geocoding to replace missing data from a parent study for a secondary analysis of socioeconomic and neighborhood characteristics in community-dwelling older adults who are dually eligible for Medicare and Medicaid. Geocoding was used to link participants' addresses to data from the American Community Survey to replace missing income and neighborhood data...
July 1, 2017: Research in Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713481/gerontechnologies-for-older-patients-with-heart-failure-what-is-the-role-of-smartphones-tablets-and-remote-monitoring-devices-in-improving-symptom-monitoring-and-self-care-management
#17
Ruth M Masterson Creber, Kathleen T Hickey, Mathew S Maurer
Older adults with heart failure have multiple chronic conditions and a large number and range of symptoms. A fundamental component of heart failure self-care management is regular symptom monitoring. Symptom monitoring can be facilitated by cost-effective, easily accessible technologies that are integrated into patients' lives. Technologies that are tailored to older adults by incorporating gerontological design principles are called gerontechnologies. Gerontechnology is an interdisciplinary academic and professional field that combines gerontology and technology with the goals of improving prevention, care, and enhancing the quality of life for older adults...
October 2016: Current Cardiovascular Risk Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711424/conversion-and-reversion-rates-in-japanese-older-people-with-mild-cognitive-impairment
#18
Hiroyuki Shimada, Hyuma Makizako, Takehiko Doi, SungChul Lee, Sangyoon Lee
OBJECTIVES: Approximately 25% of individuals who are diagnosed with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) revert to normal cognition (NC) rather than progressing to Alzheimer disease (AD). However, the prevalence of progression and reversion among older people in Asia remains unclear. DESIGN: A prospective cohort study. SETTING: A community in Japan. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 4153 individuals without dementia aged ≥65 years were classified as having NC, aMCI single domain (aMCIs), non-aMCI single domain (naMCIs), aMCI multiple domain (aMCIm), non-aMCI multiple domain (naMCIm), or global cognitive impairment (GCI)...
July 12, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700075/south-korean-family-caregiver-involvement-in-delirium-care-a-qualitative-descriptive-study
#19
Yun Kang, Wendy Moyle, Marie Cooke, Siobhan O'Dwyer
The current study aimed to describe the effect of an educational program on RN-initiated efforts to involve family caregivers in delirium care. A descriptive qualitative study was performed. A purposive sample of 12 RNs who participated in a one group, pre-post evaluation of a delirium educational program, and a nominated sample of six family caregivers of patients who had been cared for by RNs in the program participated in individual, in-depth interviews. The qualitative findings indicated that the inclusion of a delirium brochure in ward orientation on admission, with reinforcement during shift changes, and RN-initiated engagement with family caregivers promoted family caregiver involvement in delirium prevention...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700074/socially-assistive-robots-measuring-older-adults-perceptions
#20
Linda M Beuscher, Jing Fan, Nilanjan Sarkar, Mary S Dietrich, Paul A Newhouse, Karen F Miller, Lorraine C Mion
To address manpower shortages, health care leaders recommend technology, including robots, to facilitate and augment processes for delivery of efficient, safe care. Little is known regarding older adults' perceptions of socially assistive robots (SARs). Using the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use Technology framework, a survey was developed and tested for capturing older adults' likelihood to use SARs. The Robot Acceptance Survey (RAS) comprises three subscales: Performance Expectancy, Effort Expectancy, and Attitude...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
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