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Gerontology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203093/the-growth-and-development-of-gerontological-nurse-leaders-in-policy
#1
G Adriana Perez, Diana J Mason, J Taylor Harden, Tara A Cortes
BACKGROUND: The National Hartford Center of Gerontological Nursing Excellence (NHCGNE) Scholars/Fellows Award Program was designed to promote the growth and development of nurse scientists, educators, and leaders in aging. PURPOSE: McBride's conceptual framework of the growth and development of nurse leaders was used to examine the NHCGNE impact on health and aging policy work among scholars/fellows, including barriers, facilitators, and resources. METHODS: A multimethod two-phased approach included an online survey (phase I) focused on research and policy impact at local, state, or national level...
November 3, 2017: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185489/risk-of-mortality-during-and-after-the-2011-great-east-japan-earthquake-and-tsunami-among-older-coastal-residents
#2
Jun Aida, Hiroyuki Hikichi, Yusuke Matsuyama, Yukihiro Sato, Toru Tsuboya, Takahiro Tabuchi, Shihoko Koyama, S V Subramanian, Katsunori Kondo, Ken Osaka, Ichiro Kawachi
The Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study is a nationwide cohort study of individuals aged 65 years and older established in July 2010. Seven months later, one of the study field sites was directly in the line of the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami. Despite the 1-hour warning interval between the earthquake and tsunami, many coastal residents lost their lives. We analyzed the risk of all-cause mortality on the day of the disaster as well as in the 38-month interval after the disaster. Among 860 participants, 33 (3...
November 29, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179840/-collaboration-in-the-prevention-of-frailty
#3
Sandrine Armand
Hospitalisation is an opportunity for frailty in the elderly to be detected. The collaboration of the assessment and prevention geriatrician-nurse partnership, combined with the skills of the advanced practice nurse in gerontology, helps to instil a culture of frailty prevention in the teams and create adapted care pathways.
December 2017: Revue de L'infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177522/nurses-role-in-managing-the-fit-of-older-adults-in-skilled-nursing-facilities
#4
Jacqueline Jones, Emily Lawrence, Amy Ladebue, Chelsea Leonard, Roman Ayele, Robert E Burke
Post-acute care for older adults often involves transfer to a skilled nursing facility (SNF) following hospital discharge. This transition is often poorly coordinated and leaves older adults at risk for poor health outcomes, but new payment models offer opportunities to align improved care practices with payments. There is a dearth of evidence regarding the role of nursing and its potential to improve hospital to SNF care transitions. Ninety-nine semi-structured interviews were conducted with clinicians, patients, and caregivers from three hospitals and three SNFs...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173515/precarity-in-late-life-understanding-new-forms-of-risk-and-insecurity
#5
Amanda Grenier, Chris Phillipson, Debbie Laliberte Rudman, Stephanie Hatzifilalithis, Karen Kobayashi, Patrik Marier
Population aging and longevity in the context of declining social commitments, raises concerns about disadvantage and widening inequality in late life. This paper explores the concept of precarity as a means to understand new and sustained forms of risk and insecurity that affect late life. The article begins with a review of the definition and uses of precarity in a range of scholarly fields including social gerontology. It then draws on illustrations from three locations of experience including older women, aging with a disability, and the foreign-born, to outline how precarity renders visible the disadvantages carried into late life, and new insecurities that emerge at the moment of needing care in the context of austerity...
December 2017: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173509/virtuous-aging-and-existential-vulnerability
#6
Hanne Laceulle
In its efforts to overcome problematic views that associate aging with inevitable decline, contemporary gerontology shows a tendency to focus predominantly on age-related vulnerabilities that science may try to remedy and control. However, gerontology should also offer languages to address vulnerabilities that cannot be remedied because they intrinsically belong to the human condition. After all, these are increasingly radically encountered in later life and should therefore be reflected upon in the study of aging...
December 2017: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170764/mortality-trajectories-at-exceptionally-high-ages-a-study-of-supercentenarians
#7
Natalia S Gavrilova, Leonid A Gavrilov, Vyacheslav N Krut'ko
The growing number of persons surviving to age 100 years and beyond raises questions about the shape of mortality trajectories at exceptionally high ages, and this problem may become significant for actuaries in the near future. However, such studies are scarce because of the difficulties in obtaining reliable age estimates at exceptionally high ages. The current view about mortality beyond age 110 years suggests that death rates do not grow with age and are virtually flat. The same assumption is made in the new actuarial VBT tables...
January 2017: Living to 100 Monograph
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165172/cross-sectional-association-between-medical-expenses-and-intellectual-activity-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#8
Kimiko Tomioka, Norio Kurumatani, Hiroshi Hosoi
BACKGROUND: Little is known concerning the lifestyle habits and health conditions in community-dwelling elderly who do not get medical care. We investigated the cross-sectional association between medical expenses (ME) and intellectual activity (IA) in community-dwelling older Japanese. METHODS: Self-administered questionnaires were mailed to all residents born between 1945 and 1949 and covered by A City's medical insurance system (n = 19,354). Independent variables including health behaviors, oral health, social capital, neighborhood environment, and physical and mental functioning were included in the questionnaires...
August 25, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164986/book-review-the-short-guide-to-aging-and-gerontology-de-medeiros-k-2017-the-short-guide-to-aging-and-gerontology-bristol-uk-policy-press-243-pp-25-00-pbk-isbn-978-1-4473-2838-4
#9
Tamara L Statz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161195/successful-aging-the-role-of-cognitive-gerontology
#10
Alan Hartley, Lucie Angel, Alan Castel, André Didierjean, Lisa Geraci, Joellen Hartley, Eliot Hazeltine, Patrick Lemaire, François Maquestiaux, Eric Ruthruff, Laurence Taconnat, Catherine Thevenot, Dayna Touron
This commentary explores the relationships between the construct of successful aging and the experimental psychology of human aging-cognitive gerontology. What can or should cognitive gerontology contribute to understanding, defining, and assessing successful aging? Standards for successful aging reflect value judgments that are culturally and historically situated. Fundamentally, they address social policy; they are prescriptive. If individuals or groups are deemed to be aging successfully, then their characteristics or situations can be emulated...
November 21, 2017: Experimental Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136726/-chinese-expert-consensus-on-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-hypertension-in-the-elderly-2017
#11
(no author information available yet)
China has stepped into an aging society. Hypertension is an independent risk factor of cardio-cerebrovascular diseases and related to mortality and disability of the elderly. Compared to middle-aged and young patients with similar blood pressure elevation, the risks of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events significantly increase in the elderly. Since the Chinese expert consensus on the diagnosis and treatment of hypertension in the elderly(2008, 2011 version) were published, many guidelines have been accordingly updated, which further improved the prevention and control strategy of hypertension...
November 1, 2017: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132018/the-provision-of-accredited-higher-education-on-dementia-in-six-european-countries-an-exploratory-study
#12
Simona Hvalič-Touzery, Brigita Skela-Savič, Rhoda Macrae, Anna Jack-Waugh, Debbie Tolson, Amanda Hellström, Wilson de Abreu, Katja Pesjak
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization has identified developing the knowledge and skills of healthcare professionals who are involved in dementia care as a priority. Most healthcare professionals lack the necessary knowledge, skills and understanding to provide high quality dementia care. While dementia education amongst most UK university health and social care programmes is inconsistent, we know little about the provision of dementia education in European universities. OBJECTIVES: To examine the provision of accredited higher education on dementia in European countries, to illustrate that it is highly variable despite universities being the major provider of education for healthcare professionals internationally...
November 6, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121330/age-varying-relationships-between-physical-function-and-cognition-in-older-adulthood
#13
Briana N Sprague, Christine B Phillips, Lesley A Ross
Objectives: There are positive relationships between physical and cognitive function in older adulthood; however, the strength of these relationships are inconsistent across studies. Although novel statistical tools provide flexibility to explore age-related differences in relationship magnitude, such methods have not been implemented in gerontological research. This study applied such methods to examine variations in relationship magnitude between physical function and cognition in healthy older adults (N = 2,783)...
November 7, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119129/aging-partners-managing-chronic-illness-together-introducing-the-content-collection
#14
Alexandra C H Nowakowski, J E Sumerau
Prior literature on illness management within intimate relationships demonstrates a variety of benefits from supportive partnership. Indeed, much of the earliest research in this field engaged older adults with and without chronic conditions. However, this pioneering literature gave little consideration to relationships in which multiple partners were coping with chronic illness. By contrast, the majority of published manuscripts presented a "sick partner/well partner" model in which caregiving flowed only in one direction...
January 2017: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111917/the-journal-of-gerontological-social-work-s-last-issue-of-2017
#15
Michelle Putnam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111916/thanking-our-journal-of-gerontological-social-work-reviewers-for-volumes-58-59
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106552/interrogating-the-contested-spaces-of-rural-aging-implications-for-research-policy-and-practice
#17
Mark W Skinner, Rachel Winterton
Informed by a critical turn underway in rural gerontology, this article explores how the intersection of global and local trends relating to population aging and rural change create contested spaces of rural aging. The aim is to build our understanding of rural as a dynamic context within which the processes, outcomes, and experiences of aging are created, confronted, and contested by older adults and their communities. A review of key developments within gerontology and rural studies reveals how competing policies, discourses, and practices relating to healthy aging and aging in place, rural citizenship and governmentality, and social inclusion and inequality combine in particular ways to empower or disempower a diverse range of older rural adults aging in a diverse range of rural communities...
June 30, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105016/vietnamese-refugee-elderly-women-and-their-experiences-of-social-support-a-multiple-case-study
#18
Sherry C Wang, John W Creswell, Dau Nguyen
This study sought to address the gaps in the literature on Asian American gerontology with a multiply marginalized group in terms of gender, immigration status, and context. Guided by a multiple case study approach, we sought to explore how social support was experienced by four Vietnamese elderly refugee women residing in different living arrangements (i.e., alone, with spouse, with adult children, or in a multigenerational household). Within-case analyses were conducted to yield descriptive information about each individual...
December 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093358/community-social-capital-built-environment-and-income-based-inequality-in-depressive-symptoms-among-older-people-in-japan-an-ecological-study-from-the-jages-project
#19
Maho Haseda, Naoki Kondo, Toyo Ashida, Yukako Tani, Daisuke Takagi, Katsunori Kondo
BACKGROUND: Although reducing socioeconomic inequalities in depression is necessary, their associated factors have rarely been studied. This study aimed to screen the potential contextual factors associated with income-based inequality in older adults' depression. METHODS: Using data from the Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study (JAGES) of 2013, we conducted an ecological study covering 77 communities in Japan. Our measures of socioeconomic inequalities in depression were the slope index of inequalities (SII) and the relative index of inequalities (RII) of the prevalence of depressive symptoms across three income levels...
October 28, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081559/it-was-all-planned-%C3%A2-now-what-claiming-agency-in-later-life-in-reforming-china
#20
Jiayin Liang, Baozhen Luo
This study explores the social construction of agency and wellbeing among 20 Chinese urban retirees aged between 50 and 82 years old (averaging 67), with a special focus on the impact of earlier life experiences in shaping later-life pathways. Today's retirees in urban China have experienced the communist collectivist ideology during the Mao era as well as the changes to everyday life brought about by the economic transformation from centrally planned socialism to a market-orientated economy. Thereby, life in retirement for Chinese elders becomes more than just an issue of dealing with increases in discretionary time after exit from full-time work, but also one of making sense of their earlier life experiences in the midst of dramatic social changes...
November 2017: Ageing and Society
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