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Gerontology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525611/adverse-childhood-experiences-and-higher-level-functional-limitations-among-older-japanese-people-results-from-the-jages-study
#1
Airi Amemiya, Takeo Fujiwara, Hiroshi Murayama, Yukako Tani, Katsunori Kondo
Background.: A life-course perspective is essential in understanding the determinants of higher-level functional limitations. We examine the impact of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) on higher-level functional limitations in older people. Methods.: Data were from the Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study 2013, a population-based cohort of independent people aged 65 years or older across Japan (n = 19,220). ACEs before the age of 18 were assessed in terms of seven adversities: parental death, parental divorce, parental mental illness, family violence, physical abuse, psychological neglect, and psychological abuse...
May 19, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520879/phylogenetic-relationship-and-ftir-spectroscopy-derived-lipid-determinants-of-lifespan-parameters-in-the-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-yeast
#2
Mateusz Molon, Jacek Zebrowski
Yeast aging has been gaining much attention in gerontology research, yet the process itself is still not entirely clear. One of the constraints related to the use of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae yeast in studies is the ambiguity of the results concerning aging determinants for different genetic backgrounds. In this paper, we compare reproductive potentials and lifespans of seven widely used haploid laboratory strains differing in daughter cells production capabilities and highlight the importance of choosing an appropriate genotype for the studies on aging...
May 17, 2017: FEMS Yeast Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510642/ageism-in-health-care-a-systematic-review-of-operational-definitions-and-inductive-conceptualizations
#3
José Manuel Sousa São José, Carla Alexandra Filipe Amado, Stefania Ilinca, Sandra Catherine Buttigieg, Annika Taghizadeh Larsson
Purpose: International and national bodies have identified tackling ageism in health care as an urgent goal. However, health professionals, researchers, and policy makers recognize that it is not easy to identity and fight ageism in practice, as the identification of multiple manifestations of ageism is dependent on the way it is defined and operationalized. This article reports on a systematic review of the operational definitions and inductive conceptualizations of ageism in the context of health care...
May 16, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502272/adverse-childhood-experiences-exposure-to-a-natural-disaster-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-among-survivors-of-the-2011-great-east-japan-earthquake-and-tsunami
#4
Y Inoue, A Stickley, A Yazawa, J Aida, I Kawachi, K Kondo, T Fujiwara
AIMS: To investigate whether adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) modify the impact of exposure to a natural disaster (the 2011 Great East Japan earthquake and tsunami) on the occurrence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among older people. METHODS: Data were collected as part of the Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study (JAGES), which is an on-going epidemiological survey investigating social determinants of health among older people across Japan. Information on PTSD symptoms based on the Screening Questionnaire for Disaster Mental Health, traumatic exposure to the earthquake (i...
May 15, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500498/-aging-technical-aids-and-the-socio-gerontological-dialog-the-ida-interdisciplinary-guide
#5
R Thiesemann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 12, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491918/the-studying-multiple-outcomes-after-aural-rehabilitative-treatment-study-study-design-and-baseline-results
#6
Lingsheng Li, Caitlin Blake, Yoon Sung, Barnett Shpritz, David Chen, Dane J Genther, Joshua Betz, Frank R Lin
Hearing loss may affect critical domains of health and functioning in older adults. This article describes the rationale and design of the Studying Multiple Outcomes After Aural Rehabilitative Treatment (SMART) study, which was developed to determine to what extent current hearing rehabilitative therapies could mitigate the effects of hearing loss on health outcomes. One hundred and forty-five patients ≥50 years receiving hearing aids (HA) or cochlear implants (CI) were recruited from the Johns Hopkins Department of Otolaryngology-HNS...
January 2017: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489491/risk-factors-for-symptoms-of-prescription-opioid-misuse-do-older-adults-differ-from-younger-adult-patients
#7
Gerald Cochran, Daniel Rosen, Rebecca M McCarthy, Rafael J Engel
Limited research is available regarding the health risks associated with opioid medication misuse among middle age (50-64 years) and older adults (65 and older). Understanding the misuse symptom risk profiles of these populations has potential to advance the national opioid epidemic response. A survey was conducted in four community pharmacies in southwestern Pennsylvania among adult, non-cancer patients filling opioid medications (N = 318) regarding opioid medication misuse symptoms and misuse risk factors...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484140/association-between-income-inequality-and-dental-status-in-japanese-older-adults-analysis-of-data-from-jages2013
#8
Atsushi Tashiro, Jun Aida, Yugo Shobugawa, Yuki Fujiyama, Tatsuo Yamamoto, Reiko Saito, Katsunori Kondo
Objectives Personal income affects dental status in older people. However, the impact of income inequality on dental status at the community level (junior high school district) is unclear. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between dental status and community level income inequity after adjust for individual socio-economic status in Japanese older adults, and to verify the relative income hypothesis, also known as the Wilkinson hypothesis.Methods We used data from the Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study (JAGES) conducted in Niigata city...
2017: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472333/aging-and-the-ethics-of-authenticity
#9
Hanne Laceulle
This article aims to make a philosophical contribution to debates about meaningful sociocultural narratives about aging. It is argued that the moral-philosophical discourse of authenticity may provide valuable resources for counter narratives about later life that are capable of challenging the dominant stereotyping decline- and age-defying cultural narratives. The discussion will draw on classical and contemporary views of authenticity by Rousseau; existentialists such as Kierkegaard, Nietzsche, and Heidegger; and contemporary thinkers such as Taylor and Meyers...
May 2, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467595/function-begets-function-and-resilience-in-old-age-is-precision-gerontology-possible
#10
EDITORIAL
George A Kuchel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 3, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467157/gerontological-competencies-among-msw-students-evaluation-of-a-gerontology-specialization-program
#11
Scott E Wilks, Daphne S Cain, Kellie B Reed-Ashcraft, Jen Geiger
The purpose of this study was to conduct a preliminary evaluation of a gerontology specialization program (GSP) within a CSWE accredited MSW program. This study utilized a pretest/posttest design with a three-group comparison: group 1-GSP students; group 2-students from the group 1 program but not in GSP; and group 3-students at two external MSW programs with no GSPs. The overall sample comprised 220 advanced year students. A CSWE Gero-Ed Center/Hartford Partnership empirical measure was used to assess overall, gero social work practice competency...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460019/aging-in-context-individual-and-environmental-pathways-to-aging-friendly-communities-the-2015-matthew-a-pollack-award-lecture
#12
Andrew E Scharlach
Reflecting the theme of the 2015 Gerontological Society of America (GSA) Annual Scientific Meeting, "Aging as a Lifelong Process," this paper examines intersections between aging processes and their environmental context, develops theory regarding constructive developmental processes and their environmental context, and considers potential implications for conceptualizing and creating aging-friendly communities. The first section examines the primary goals of aging-friendly communities, that is, promoting elder well-being...
April 28, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448676/-i-m-still-here-personhood-and-the-early-onset-dementia-experience
#13
Mariko L Sakamoto, Sharon L Moore, Steven T Johnson
Early-onset dementia (EOD) occurs before age 65. The current study examined the lived experience from the point of view of four adults younger than 65 with dementia, particularly how they perceive their personhood. Using interpretative phenomenological analysis as the research approach, findings revealed that the EOD experience can be incorporated into six themes: (a) A Personal Journey, (b) Navigating the System, (c) The Stigma of Dementia, (d) Connecting to the World, (e) A Story Worth Telling, and (f) I'm Still Here...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414582/educating-the-next-generation-of-family-caregivers-through-the-use-of-dynamic-case-studies
#14
Carol L Jenkins, Abby J Schwartz
Between 2008 and 2016, students in an Introduction to Gerontology course were required to complete a dynamic case study project simulating caregiving arrangement decision-making. Students were divided into groups representing typical multigenerational families, and were required to determine how to develop caregiving arrangements to respond to an older family member's changing levels of need. The assignment concluded with students writing a final paper summarizing what they learned. This study examined the themes emerging from student group case study papers to gain an understanding of the challenges students face in understanding the dynamics of making family-based caregiving decisions...
April 17, 2017: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413011/-nurse-coordinator-and-doctor-coordinator-in-a-gerontology-network
#15
Anne-Laure Couderc, Corinne Gérard, Stéphane Fabriès, Jean-Claude Pical, Patrick Villani
The Marseille gerontology network consists of a geriatric team providing support in patients' homes across the Marseille urban area. It forms an integral part of the geriatric care sector ensuring that elderly people living at home benefit from a global medical-psychological-social assessment. The aim is to enable elderly people to continue living and receiving care in their home.
March 2017: Soins. Gérontologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412640/is-a-hilly-neighborhood-environment-associated-with-diabetes-mellitus-among-older-people-results-from-the-jages-2010-study
#16
Takeo Fujiwara, Iseki Takamoto, Airi Amemiya, Masamichi Hanazato, Norimichi Suzuki, Yuiko Nagamine, Yuri Sasaki, Yukako Tani, Aki Yazawa, Yosuke Inoue, Kokoro Shirai, Yugo Shobugawa, Naoki Kondo, Katsunori Kondo
BACKGROUND: Although living in a hilly environment may promote muscular activity in the daily lives of residents, and such activity may prevent diabetes mellitus, few studies have focused on the impact of living in a hilly environment on diabetes mellitus. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of a hilly neighborhood environment on DM in older people. METHODS: We used data from the Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study, a population-based, cross-sectional study of individuals aged 65 or older without long-term care needs in Japan, which was conducted in 2010...
June 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411094/association-of-social-frailty-with-both-cognitive-and-physical-deficits-among-older-people
#17
Kota Tsutsumimoto, Takehiko Doi, Hyuma Makizako, Ryo Hotta, Sho Nakakubo, Keitaro Makino, Takao Suzuki, Hiroyuki Shimada
OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to investigate the association between social frailty and cognitive and physical function among older adults. DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional study. SETTING: We examined community-dwelling adults in Japan. PARTICIPANTS: Participants comprised 4425 older Japanese people from the National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology-Study of Geriatric Syndromes. MEASUREMENTS: Social frailty was defined by using responses to 5 questions (going out less frequently, rarely visiting friends, feeling unhelpful to friends or family, living alone, and not talking with someone every day)...
April 11, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399320/physical-activity-functional-ability-and-obesity-in-older-adults-a-gender-difference
#18
Kimberlee A Gretebeck, LeAnn M Sabatini, David R Black, Randall J Gretebeck
Disability, institutionalization, and loss of independence may be directly caused or exacerbated by physical inactivity and obesity. The purpose of the current cross-sectional survey was to explore the impact of gender and obesity on functional ability tasks, physical activity, and psychosocial factors in older adults. Participants comprised 964 University retirees (55% female, mean age = 75.3 years, SD = 6.7 years) with a mean body mass index (BMI) of 26.1 kg/m(2) (SD = 4.7 kg/m(2)). Results revealed significant gender and BMI interaction effects...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399319/factors-associated-with-potentially-inappropriate-medication-use-in-rural-community-dwelling-older-adults
#19
Marcia Y Shade, Ann M Berger, Claudia Chaperon, Gleb Haynatzki, Linda Sobeski, Bernice Yates
Potentially inappropriate medication (PIM) use is a serious public health problem in older adults because it may lead to adverse events. The purpose of the current study was to explore PIM use in rural, community-dwelling older adults. Participants (N = 138) underwent one-on-one medication reviews. Approximately one half (49%) of the sample used prescribed and over-the-counter (OTC) PIM. Prescribed and OTC nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (33%) and anticholinergic medications (28%) were the most frequently used PIM...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399318/suicide-ideation-in-older-adults-recovering-from-acute-conditions-in-a-clinical-recovery-facility
#20
Rui C Campos, Sara Santos, Margarida Piteira, Marta Abreu, Sofia Tavares
The aim of the current study was to assess suicide ideation in a sample of older adults recovering from acute conditions in a clinical recovery facility of the Portuguese Red Cross. Four indicators of suicide ideation were used. Clinical, contextual, and psychological variables-namely, previous suicide attempts, death of a family member by suicide, loneliness, and interpersonal needs-were also tested to determine whether they were related to suicide ideation. Findings show suicide ideation is frequent at admission and related to patients' previous suicide attempts...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
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