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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625941/meditation-and-successful-aging-can-meditative-practices-counteract-age-related-cognitive-decline
#1
Marco Sperduti, Dominique Makowski, Philippe Blondé, Pascale Piolino
Life expectancy is constantly increasing in the developed countries due to medical, hygiene and socio-economic advances. Unfortunately, a longer life not always corresponds to a healthier life. Indeed, aging is associated with growing risk factors for illness associated with societal conditions (isolation, maltreatment), and neurodegenerative diseases. Even normal aging is associated with a cognitive decline that can hinder independence and quality of life of elderly. Thus, one major societal challenge is to build policies that support people of all ages to maintain a maximum health and functional capacity throughout their lives...
June 1, 2017: Gériatrie et Psychologie Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620925/validity-of-the-national-center-for-geriatrics-and-gerontology-functional-assessment-tool-and-mini-mental-state-examination-for-detecting-the-incidence-of-dementia-in-older-japanese-adults
#2
Hiroyuki Shimada, Hyuma Makizako, Hyuntae Park, Takehiko Doi, Sangyoon Lee
AIM: Numerous neuropsychological tests are implemented in the clinical setting. However, a readily available cognitive test is required to detect the risk of dementia in the community setting. METHODS: A total of 4151 persons aged ≥65 years participated in the present prospective cohort study. We assessed cognitive performance using the Mini-Mental State Examination and the National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology-Functional Assessment Tool. The National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology-Functional Assessment Tool includes tests of story and word list memory, attention and executive function, processing speed, and visuospatial skill to screen for cognitive impairment...
June 16, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616813/-contributions-to-the-thematic-focal-point-from-section-iii-%C3%AF-social-and-behavioural-gerontology-of-the-german-society-of-gerontology-and-geriatrics-dggg-%C3%AF
#3
EDITORIAL
Frank Oswald, Annette Franke, Eva-Marie Kessler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 14, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614835/aging-of-competitive-athletes
#4
Hirofumi Tanaka
Demographics of human aging are rapidly changing. As illustrated in the biomedicalization of aging, an ever increasing number of older adults is affected by a variety of clinical conditions and diseases, including vascular stiffening, sarcopenia, physical disability, and poor quality of life. One population that is situated in the opposite end of the health and functional spectrum to the sedentary frail elderly is Masters athletes. These older competitive athletes are endowed with substantial functional capacity, overall long-term health, high motivation, and psychosocial outlook...
June 15, 2017: Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610755/epistemological-erasure-the-subject-of-abuse-in-the-problematization-of-elder-abuse
#5
Bridget Garnham, Lia Bryant
The academic field of literature pertaining to elder abuse emerges largely from gerontology with contributions from a variety of disciplines including geriatric medicine, nursing, public health, law, psychology, sociology and social work. This paper presents a critical review of articles drawn from this literature to identify current directions leading the development of empirical research in this field. The objective measurement of prevalence, the identification and correlation of psycho-social risk factors and practice-based research oriented to intervention and prevention are identified as privileged sites for scientific investigation...
April 2017: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610753/-i-had-a-good-time-when-i-was-young-interpreting-descriptions-of-continuity-among-older-people
#6
Mary Breheny, Zoë Griffiths
Messages describing how best to age are prominent in gerontological theory, research and the media. These prescriptions for ageing may foster positive experiences in later life; however, they may also obscure the social and situated nature of expectations for ageing well. Continuity Theory proposes ageing well is achieved through continuity of activity and stability of relationships and identity over the life course. Continuity seems adaptive, yet prioritising continuity may not match the expectations, desires and realities of older people...
April 2017: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603371/predictive-validity-of-the-functional-independence-and-difficulty-scale-in-community-dwelling-japanese-older-adults
#7
Takashi Saito, Nobuko Matsui, Shuichiro Watanabe
[Purpose] The newly developed Functional Independence and Difficulty Scale is a tool for assessing the performance of basic activities of daily living in terms of both independence and difficulty. The aim of this study was to examine the predictive validity of the scale for decline of instrumental activities of daily living ability and multiple falls during a 24-month follow-up period. [Subjects and Methods] One-hundred forty older adults (median age 74.0, 60% women) completed baseline data collection and a follow-up postal survey...
May 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600609/-gerontologically-oriented-study-programs-in-germany-critical-review
#8
REVIEW
Eva-Marie Kessler, Andreas Hoff, Annette Franke
The objective of this article is a state-of-the-art analysis and critical reflection of the status quo of gerontologically oriented study programs in higher education in Germany. The major impulse for writing this article was provided by the newly established working group "Gerontological Education", which was inaugurated at the joint annual conference of sections III and IV of the German Society of Gerontology and Geriatrics in Mannheim in 2015. A systematic review of gerontological study programs shows that the number of such programs has increased in Germany over the past decade...
June 9, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593356/-gerontological-research-in-social-and-behavioral-sciences-in-germany-since-1968-review-critical-assessment-and-perspectives
#9
REVIEW
Clemens Tesch-Römer, Martina Brandt, Hans-Werner Wahl
This article addresses the development of German social and behavioral aging research during the last 50 years based on four propositions: (a) the development and unfolding of social and behavioral aging research in the 1960s and 1970s was tedious. (b) During the 1980s and 1990s the significance of social and behavioral aging research grew considerably. (c) The last 20 years brought increasing and strong recognition of social and behavioral aging research. (d) Currently, social and behavioral aging research in Germany follows high and internationally established standards, and findings are published in internationally recognized journals...
June 7, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593354/-educational-gerontology-and-social-work
#10
REVIEW
Cornelia Kricheldorff, Stefanie Klott
Educational gerontology has become established over the past 40 years in a multifaceted, differentiated practice which, against the background of social change processes, combined with the phenomena of demographic change, takes up and creates room for accompanying irritations, learning requirements and opportunities. A corresponding theoretical foundation exists in the scientific discipline of geragogy, which is located at the interfaces between gerontology, educational science and social work. The close proximity between education of and social work with the elderly is meanwhile also evident in many recent research and development projects, in which theory formation for geragogy and social work as scientific disciplines take place at the same time...
June 7, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591295/associations-between-frailty-syndrome-and-sociodemographic-characteristics-in-long-lived-individuals-of-a-community
#11
Clóris Regina Blanski Grden, Maria Helena Lenardt, Jacy Aurelia Vieira de Sousa, Luciana Kusomota, Mara Solange Gomes Dellaroza, Susanne Elero Betiolli
Objective: investigating the association between frailty syndrome and sociodemographic characteristics in long-lived individuals of a community. Method: a cross-sectional study with a proportional stratified sample consisting of 243 long-lived individuals. A structured instrument, scales and tests that comprise evaluating frailty were applied for data collection. Univariate and multivariate analyzes were performed by logistic regression (p<0.05) by Statistica 10(r) software and Odds Ratio (95% Confidence Interval) were calculated for the predictive models...
June 5, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582564/disengagement-as-withdrawal-from-public-space-rethinking-the-relation-between-place-attachment-place-appropriation-and-identity-building-among-older-adults
#12
Anna Wanka
Background and Objectives: Empirical research indicates that engagement with public space decreases with age. Why do some older adults withdraw from the public, and which role does the (urban) environment play in spatial (dis-)engagement? Environmental gerontology's model of person-environment (PE) fit suggests an interrelation between agency and belonging and their causal effects on identity and wellbeing in later life. However, there is little research on how these dimensions are actually related...
June 3, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575554/-a-new-stage-of-development-of-gerontology-and-geriatrics-in-russia-problems-of-creation-of-a-geriatric-care-system-part-1-relevance-regulatory-infrastructure
#13
V N Anisimov, V Yu Serpov, A V Finagentov, V Kh Khavinson
This article is a 1st part of the analytical review, focused on a new step in development of geriatrics in Russia. Creation of state system geriatric care as important part of state politics in the area of enhancement of quality of life was proved. General aspects of improvement of social support of disable elderly persons in condition of restricted budget and interagency separation was presented. Establishment of unified system of medical social support and gerotechnologies for the elderly was substantiated, as a mechanism facilitated life activity and decreasing of demographic loading on economic status of regions of Russian Federation...
2017: Advances in Gerontology, Uspekhi Gerontologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573416/the-budding-yeast-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-as-a-model-organism-possible-implications-for-gerontological-studies
#14
Tomasz Bilinski, Aneta Bylak, Renata Zadrag-Tecza
Experimental gerontology is based on the fundamental assumption that the aging process has a universal character and that the mechanisms of aging are well-conserved among living things. The consequence of this assumption is the use of various organisms, including unicellular yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, as models in gerontology, and direct extrapolation of the conclusions drawn from the studies carried on these organisms to human beings. However, numerous arguments suggest that aging is not universal and its mechanisms are not conserved in a wide range of species...
June 1, 2017: Biogerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573327/-social-work-with-old-people-and-social-gerontology
#15
REVIEW
Kirsten Aner
The current article outlines the development of Social Work with older people in the German social state and the role of gerontological discourses in this process. Some theories of Social work are introduced to show the mutual benefit that it has, when Social Work with older people and Gerontology continuously engage in common theoretical debates.
June 1, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571819/chronic-eczematous-dermatitis-in-patients-with-neurodegenerative-diseases-may-be-an-early-marker-of-bullous-pemphigoid
#16
Ping-Song Chou, Tsai-Ching Chou, Chung-Hsing Chang, Sebastian Yu, Chih-Hung Lee
The number of elderly patients with chronic pruritus has been gradually increasing in aging countries. Bullous pemphigoid, a common autoimmune blister disease in the elderly, is always heralded by pruritic eczematous dermatitis and is often associated with neurodegenerative diseases. We hypothesized that chronic eczematous dermatitis in patients with neurodegenerative diseases may be an early marker of bullous pemphigoid. By conducting retrospective chart review, we found neurodegenerative diseases are more prevalent in elderly patients with chronic eczematous dermatitis...
June 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558670/retirement-and-mental-health-dose-social-participation-mitigate-the-association-a-fixed-effects-longitudinal-analysis
#17
Koichiro Shiba, Naoki Kondo, Katsunori Kondo, Ichiro Kawachi
BACKGROUND: Empirical evidence investigating heterogeneous impact of retirement on mental health depending on social backgrounds is lacking, especially among older adults. METHODS: We examined the impact of changes in working status on changes in mental health using Japanese community-dwelling adults aged ≥65 years participating in the Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study between 2010 and 2013 (N = 62,438). Between-waves changes in working status ("Kept working", "Retired", "Started work", or "Continuously retired") were used to predict changes in depressive symptoms measured by the Geriatric Depression Scale...
May 30, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557384/-transcription-factor-p53-and-skin-aging
#18
D A Gritsenko, O A Orlova, N S Linkova, V Kh Khavinson
The review is devoted to an actual problem of cosmetics in gerontology, one of molecular aspects of skin aging. Cell renewal processes slow down with aging, and the proliferation apoptosis ratio shifts towards cell death. One of the most pivotal apoptotic markers is the transcription factor p53. p53 protein expression in the skin keratinocytes increases under the influence of ultraviolet radiation. Wherein when exposed to ultraviolet radiation mutant forms of p53 have been revealed in 70 % of keratinocytes...
2017: Advances in Gerontology, Uspekhi Gerontologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557051/when-people-with-dementia-are-perceived-as-witches-consequences-for-patients-and-nurse-education-in-south-africa
#19
Flora Mkhonto, Ingrid Hanssen
OBJECTIVE: To explore and describe the link between culture and dementia care with the focus on the influence of the belief in dementia as witchcraft and people with dementia as witches. BACKGROUND: In South Africa, especially in townships and rural areas, dementia is often perceived as connected to witchcraft rather than to disease. Persons labelled as witches - mostly elderly women - may be bullied, ostracised, beaten, stoned, burned, even killed. METHOD: One strand of findings from a larger international study is presented with in-depth qualitative interviews of one close family member and seven nurses caring for patients with severe dementia in nursing homes in Tshwane in South Africa...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556874/nurses-experience-with-and-perception-of-barriers-to-promoting-mobility-in-hospitalized-older-adults-a-descriptive-study
#20
Gordana Dermody, Christine R Kovach
The purpose of the current study was to examine nurses' barriers, including knowledge, attitude, and external barriers, to promoting physical activity in hospitalized older adults. Differences between the perceptions of barriers based on nurses' experience were also examined. A behavioral framework classifying nurse knowledge, nurse attitude, and external barriers was used for the study. Eighty-five nurses were recruited from two community-based hospitals in the Pacific Northwest. The findings suggest that nurses with varying levels of experience perceive a variety of barriers to promoting mobility in hospitalized older adults...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
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