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Psychoeducation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035169/prospective-longitudinal-substance-use-patterns-in-patients-preparing-for-hepatitis-c-treatment
#1
Carol S North, David E Pollio, Omar T Sims, Mamta K Jain, Barry A Hong
OBJECTIVE: This study prospectively examined the independent courses of alcohol, drugs, and smoking over 18 months in 154 patients preparing for hepatitis C (HCV) treatment in relation to functioning, negative coping, and satisfaction with quality of life, in data collected from a randomized controlled trial of multiple-family group psychoeducation for patients preparing for HCV treatment. Patients with HCV who had consistent abstinence, consistent use, or achievement of abstinence after study entry were examined for outcomes pertaining to functioning in the context of HCV, negative coping, and satisfaction with quality of life...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032481/transitioning-together-a-multi-family-group-psychoeducation-program-for-adolescents-with-asd-and-their-parents
#2
Leann Smith DaWalt, Jan S Greenberg, Marsha R Mailick
Currently there are few evidence-based programs available for families of individuals with ASD during the transition to adulthood. The present study provided a preliminary evaluation of a multi-family group psychoeducation intervention using a randomized waitlist control design (n = 41). Families in the intervention condition participated in Transitioning Together, an 8-week program designed to reduce family distress and improve social functioning for adolescents. Findings indicated significant improvements in parental depressive symptoms and problem solving from pre- to post-intervention for parents in the intervention condition but not for parents in the control condition...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029679/investigating-habituation-to-premonitory-urges-in-behavior-therapy-for-tic-disorders
#3
David C Houghton, Matthew R Capriotti, Lawrence D Scahill, Sabine Wilhelm, Alan L Peterson, John T Walkup, John Piacentini, Douglas W Woods
Behavior therapy is effective for Persistent Tic Disorders (PTDs), but behavioral processes facilitating tic reduction are not well understood. One process, habituation, is thought to create tic reduction through decreases in premonitory urge severity. The current study tested whether premonitory urges decreased in youth with PTDs (N = 126) and adults with PTDs (N = 122) who participated in parallel randomized clinical trials comparing behavior therapy to psychoeducation and supportive therapy (PST). Trends in premonitory urges, tic severity, and treatment outcome were analyzed according to the predictions of a habituation model, whereby urge severity would be expected to decrease in those who responded to behavior therapy...
November 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022242/exploring-the-role-of-youtube-in-disseminating-psychoeducation
#4
Nikki Hei Tong Lam, John Ta-Hsiang Tsiang, Benjamin K P Woo
OBJECTIVE: Social media can bridge the gap between health care and ethnic minorities over cultural barriers. This study explores the role of YouTube in delivering schizophrenia education to individuals in the USA who are also fluent in Chinese. METHODS: Three psychoeducational YouTube videos related to schizophrenia were uploaded. Data were collected for a 12-month period, and results were analyzed using descriptive statistics. RESULTS: The videos recorded 4935 views with a total viewing time of 35,614 min...
October 11, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021766/a-randomized-controlled-trial-on-functional-relaxation-as-an-adjunct-to-psychoeducation-for-stress
#5
Claas Lahmann, Maria Gebhardt, Heribert Sattel, Andreas Dinkel, Christoph Pieh, Thomas Probst
This randomized controlled trial investigated whether adding the psychodynamically based body-oriented psychotherapy "Functional Relaxation" (FR) to psychoeducation (PE) is more effective than PE alone to reduce stress and stress-associated complaints. Eighty-one participants with elevated stress-levels, ≥50 points on the global scale of the Perceived Stress Questionnaire (PSQ), received either 10 sessions of manualized FR + PE (n = 42) or two sessions of manualized PE alone (n = 39) in a group setting. Six FR trainers took part in this study...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018064/psychoeducational-intervention-for-people-at-high-risk-of-developing-another-melanoma-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
Mbathio Dieng, N A Kasparian, Shab Mireskandari, Phyllis Butow, Daniel Costa, Rachael Morton, Graham Mann, Scott Menzies, Anne Cust
INTRODUCTION: Information and psychological needs have been reported as one of the greatest areas of unmet needs for patients with melanoma. To respond to these needs, we developed the Melanoma Care Intervention, a developed psychoeducational intervention for people at high risk of developing another melanoma comprising of a newly developed melanoma educational booklet and individually tailored telephone support sessions provided by trained psychologists. The purpose of this study was to investigate the acceptability and feasibility of the Melanoma Care Intervention...
October 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993488/support-needs-and-experiences-of-family-members-of-wounded-injured-or-sick-uk-service-personnel
#7
Anna Verey, M Keeling, G Thandi, S Stevelink, N Fear
INTRODUCTION: When a service person has been wounded, injured or sick (WIS), family members may provide care during their recovery in an unpaid capacity. This may occur in diverse environments including hospitals, inpatient rehabilitation centres, in the community and at home. METHOD: Thirty-seven family members of WIS personnel were interviewed regarding their support needs, family relationships and use of UK support services. Semistructured, in-depth telephone interviews were used, with data analysis undertaken using a thematic approach...
October 9, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992383/evaluation-of-a-trauma-focused-group-intervention-for-unaccompanied-young-refugees-a-pilot-study
#8
Elisa Pfeiffer, Lutz Goldbeck
Recent research has shown that unaccompanied young refugees (UYR) encounter a wide range of traumatic events during preflight, flight, and resettlement. Although many UYR are resourceful, many develop posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). However, only a small number of vulnerable UYR have access to trauma-focused interventions. Trauma-focused group interventions, adapted to the needs of UYR, may be one way of improving their mental health. A total of 29 male UYR between 14 and 18 years of age, mainly from Afghanistan, participated in the evaluation study of a trauma-focused group intervention entitled Mein Weg (My Way)...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988816/effectiveness-of-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-post-disaster-distress-in-post-traumatic-stress-symptoms-after-chilean-earthquake-and-tsunami
#9
Marcelo Leiva-Bianchi, Felipe Cornejo, Andrés Fresno, Carolina Rojas, Camila Serrano
OBJECTIVE: This is the first time that the effectiveness of cognitive-behavioural therapy for post-disaster stress (CBT-PD) in symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been tested outside the United States of America. DESIGN: Quasi-experiment with three groups. In the quasi-control group, complete CBT-PD was applied even though its members did not have PTSD; in quasi-experimental conditions, participants received complete treatment because they had this diagnosis; and in the third group, participants with PTSD received an abbreviated treatment (double sessions) due to organisational requirements...
October 5, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988339/teaching-parents-behavioral-strategies-for-autism-spectrum-disorder-asd-effects-on-stress-strain-and-competence
#10
Suzannah Iadarola, Lynne Levato, Bryan Harrison, Tristram Smith, Luc Lecavalier, Cynthia Johnson, Naomi Swiezy, Karen Bearss, Lawrence Scahill
We report on parent outcomes from a randomized clinical trial of parent training (PT) versus psychoeducation (PEP) in 180 children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and disruptive behavior. We compare the impact of PT and PEP on parent outcomes: Parenting Stress Index (PSI), Parent Sense of Competence (PSOC), and Caregiver Strain Questionnaire (CGSQ). Mixed-effects linear models evaluated differences at weeks 12 and 24, controlling for baseline scores. Parents in PT reported greater improvement than PEP on the PSOC (ES = 0...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983515/using-research-informed-pedagogical-practices-to-maximize-learning-in-youth-cognitive-behavioral-therapy
#11
Gerald M Reid, Amie E Grills, Nicholas D Mian, Alexis A Reid, Rachel A Merson, David A Langer
Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for youth is an evidence-based treatment that typically starts with some form of psychoeducation, during which the patient is taught in a didactic manner about their presenting problems and strategies to ameliorate their symptoms. The learning process continues over the course of treatment as patients consolidate and attempt to utilize their aqcuired knowledge in their daily life. Manuals provide helpful structure and strategies to facilitate this learning process (e.g., using metaphors, personalized coping cards); however, there is variability across patients in terms of what presented content they will be able to access and understand, how they can most effectively transfer what they learn into their everyday life, and why they will become engaged in this learning process...
2017: Evid Based Pract Child Adolesc Ment Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978499/developing-social-media-based-suicide-prevention-messages-in-partnership-with-young-people-exploratory-study
#12
Jo Robinson, Eleanor Bailey, Sarah Hetrick, Steve Paix, Matt O'Donnell, Georgina Cox, Maria Ftanou, Jaelea Skehan
BACKGROUND: Social media is increasingly being used by young people for health-related issues, including communicating about suicide. Due to the concerns about causing distress or inducing suicidal thoughts or behaviors, to date young people neither have been engaged in the development of social media-based suicide prevention interventions nor have interventions focused on educating young people about safe ways to communicate about suicide online. Given the potential that social media holds to deliver messages to vast numbers of people across space and time and the fact that young people often prefer to seek help from their friends and peers, safely educating and engaging young people to develop suicide prevention messages that can be delivered via social media is an obvious next step...
October 4, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971070/powerful-tools-for-caregivers-a-group-psychoeducational-skill-building-intervention-for-family-caregivers
#13
Daniel Michael Rosney, Michael F Noe, Peter J Horvath
Introduction: Care providers consistently report negative consequences to their mental health as a direct result of their caregiving responsibilities. Specifically, they describe higher levels of distress, mental health problems, and depressive symptoms compared to their non-caregiving matched controls. Powerful Tools for Caregivers (PTC) is a national program that aims to empower caregivers to better care for themselves and enhance their self-efficacy. The purpose of the present study was to determine and quantify the effectiveness of the PTC program through pre/post data analysis...
September 2017: Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970192/efficacy-of-seren-ctif-a-computer-based-stress-management-program-for-patients-with-adjustment-disorder-with-anxiety-protocol-for-a-controlled-trial
#14
Dominique Servant, Anne-Claire Leterme, Olivia Barasino, Laure Rougegrez, Alain Duhamel, Guillaume Vaiva
BACKGROUND: Adjustment disorder with anxiety (ADA) is the most frequent and best characterized stress-related psychiatric disorder. The rationale for prescription of benzodiazepine monotherapy is a public health issue. Cognitive behavioral stress management programs have been studied in many countries. Several reports have shown beyond reasonable doubt their efficiency at reducing perceived stress and anxiety symptoms and improving patient quality of life. Considering the number of people who could benefit from such programs but are unable to access them, self-help programs have been offered...
October 2, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969611/truenth-sexual-recovery-study-protocol-a-multi-institutional-collaborative-approach-to-developing-and-testing-a-web-based-intervention-for-couples-coping-with-the-side-effects-of-prostate-cancer-treatment-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
D Wittmann, A Mehta, L Northouse, R Dunn, T Braun, A Duby, L An, L Arab, R Bangs, S Bober, J Brandon, M Coward, M Dunn, M Galbraith, M Garcia, J Giblin, M Glode, B Koontz, A Lowe, S Mitchell, J Mulhall, C Nelson, K Paich, C Saigal, T Skolarus, J Stanford, T Walsh, C E Pollack
BACKGROUND: Over half of men who receive treatment for prostate suffer from a range of sexual problems that affect negatively their sexual health, sexual intimacy with their partners and their quality of life. In clinical practice, however, care for the sexual side effects of treatment is often suboptimal or unavailable. The goal of the current study is to test a web-based intervention to support the recovery of sexual intimacy of prostate cancer survivors and their partners after treatment...
October 2, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969459/stress-management-intervention-a-pilot-evaluation-in-an-urban-adolescent-medicine-clinic
#16
Kimberly Burkhart, Elizabeth Mason, Rina Lazebnik
Thirty patients aged 11 to 21 years presenting in an adolescent medicine clinic received a one-time stress management intervention. The intervention included psychoeducation on the effect stress has on the body and the positive benefits of exercise, diaphragmatic breathing, and progressive muscle relaxation. The intervention also included use of a biofeedback game to aid in relaxation. Analyses revealed an association between higher levels of internalizing symptoms and perceived stress. A clinically significant decrease in subjective distress was endorsed at post-intervention...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965527/psychometrics-of-the-aan-caregiver-driving-safety-questionnaire-and-contributors-to-caregiver-concern-about-driving-safety-in-older-adults
#17
Janessa O Carvalho, Beth Springate, Rachel A Bernier, Jennifer Davis
BACKGROUND: The American Academy of Neurology (AAN) updated their practice parameters in the evaluation of driving risk in dementia and developed a Caregiver Driving Safety Questionnaire, detailed in their original manuscript (Iverson Gronseth, Reger, Classen, Dubinsky, & Rizzo, 2010). They described four factors associated with decreased driving ability in dementia patients: history of crashes or citations, informant-reported concerns, reduced mileage, and aggressive driving. METHOD: An informant-reported AAN Caregiver Driving Safety Questionnaire was designed with these elements, and the current study was the first to explore the factor structure of this questionnaire...
October 2, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963308/why-involve-families-in-acute-mental-healthcare-a-collaborative-conceptual-review
#18
Aysegul Dirik, Sima Sandhu, Domenico Giacco, Katherine Barrett, Gerry Bennison, Sue Collinson, Stefan Priebe
OBJECTIVES: Family involvement is strongly recommended in clinical guidelines but suffers from poor implementation. To explore this topic at a conceptual level, a multidisciplinary review team including academics, clinicians and individuals with lived experience undertook a review to explore the theoretical background of family involvement models in acute mental health treatment and how this relates to their delivery. DESIGN: A conceptual review was undertaken, including a systematic search and narrative synthesis...
September 27, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956079/-migraine-in-children-and-adolescents-brain-and-muscle-another-example-of-why-children-are-not-small-adults
#19
REVIEW
M N Landgraf, H König, I Hannibal, T Langhagen, M V Bonfert, B Klose, B Rahmsdorf, R M Giese, A Straube, R von Kries, L Albers, F Ebinger, B Ertl-Wagner, B Kammer, I Körte, N Sollmann, S Krieg, F Heinen
Migraine as primary headache is a life-long disease which is relevant for the quality of life and is based on complex genetics. It often starts in childhood with symptoms typical for the specific age. These show different nuances compared to the migraine symptoms in adults, for example, regarding (bilateral/unilateral) localization of the acute migraine headache. Only over the course of years-during adolescence and young adulthood-do the more specific symptoms as defined by the International Classification of Headache Disorders (ICHD 3 beta) develop...
September 27, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953761/a-review-of-the-efficacy-and-role-of-the-card-sort-exercise-in-the-treatment-of-bipolar-disorder
#20
Paul Jie Wen Tern, Ali Abdaal, Jake Tobin, Katherine Macfarland, Molly Hunt, Mark Agius
The current card sort exercise described by Agius et al. in 2006 provides a tool for patients and their families to characterise the temporal pattern of occurrence of both stereotyped and idiosyncratic prodromal symptoms that serve as early warning signs predicting a relapse. This 'individual relapse signature' is highly specific for bipolar relapse, and aids identification of a relapse such that patients can be channeled into appropriate early intervention pathways. This review examines the role of the card sort exercise in the treatment of bipolar disorder, and evaluates the evidence for its efficacy...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
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