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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791247/the-endovascular-management-of-a-3-5-cm-gastroduodenal-artery-aneurysm-presenting-with-gastritis-and-recurrent-pancreatitis
#1
Baraa Zuhaili, Robert G Molnar, Nitin G Malhotra
Visceral artery aneurysms (VAAs) are a rare entity. Within this subset of aneurysms, gastroduodenal artery (GDA) aneurysms represent an even more rare occurrence. We present a case report of treating GDA aneurysm on semi-elective basis followed by literature review of the clinical presentation and mainstream treatment modalities. GO is a 65-year-old male, with 6-month history of recurrent epigastric pain. He was found to have acute pancreatitis and an adjacent 3.5-cm GDA aneurysm. After conservative treatment of pancreatitis, the aneurysm was treated with coil embolization of the sac and GDA...
July 2017: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782690/biocompatible-amniotic-sac-implant-maintains-a-scar-free-brain-surface-during-recurrent-glioma-surgery
#2
Ali F Krisht
BACKGROUND: Dissection of brain surface adhesions during recurrent glioma surgery risks cortical and important surface vessel injury. We present our experience with the use of BioD, a biocompatible amniotic membrane implant, to help prevent post-operative adhesions. OBJECTIVE: To describe a novel method for preventing post-operative adhesions after high-grade glioma surgery using BioD film METHODS: Amniotic sac implants were laid on the brain surface after resection of gliomas located in the vicinity of major surface arteries (sylvian fissure) and major veins (parasagittal convexity)...
August 3, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740935/effects-of-vertebral-body-sparing-proton-craniospinal-irradiation-on-the-spine-of-young-pediatric-patients-with-medulloblastoma
#3
Iain MacEwan, Brian Chou, Jeremy Moretz, Lilia Loredo, David Bush, Jerry D Slater
PURPOSE: To investigate the long-term effects of vertebral-body-sparing proton craniospinal irradiation (CSI) on the spine of young patients with medulloblastoma. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Six children between the ages of 3 and 5 years with medulloblastoma were treated with vertebral-body-sparing proton CSI after maximal safe resection. Radiation therapy was delivered in the supine position with posterior beams targeting the craniospinal axis, and the proton beam was stopped anterior to the thecal sac...
April 2017: Advances in Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739567/case-of-a-strangulated-right-paraduodenal-fossa-hernia-in-a-malrotated-gut
#4
Michelle Ong, Matthew Roberts, Marlon Perera, Casper Pretorius
We report an unusual case of a strangulated internal hernia resulting from a right paraduodenal fossa hernia (PDH) in the context of bowel malrotation. There are few documented cases of PDHs associated with a concomitant gut malrotation. Emergency laparotomy was performed based on clinical and radiological. Intraoperatively, the proximal jejunum was seen to enter a hernia sac formed by an aberrant duodenojejunal flexure located to the right of the aorta. This was presumed to be a strangulated internal hernia of the paraduodenal recess in a malrotated gut...
July 24, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738237/a-case-report-of-unexpected-pathology-within-an-incarcerated-ventral-hernia
#5
Erica D Kane, Katharine R Bittner, Michelle Bennett, John R Romanelli, Neal E Seymour, Jacqueline J Wu
INTRODUCTION: Incidence of hernial appendicitis is 0.008%, most frequently within inguinal and femoral hernias. Up to 2.5% of appendectomy patients are found to have Crohn's disease. Elucidating the etiology of inflammation is essential for directing management. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 51-year-old female with achondroplastic dwarfism, multiple cesarean sections, and subsequent massive incisional hernia, presented with ruptured appendicitis within her incarcerated hernia...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716765/sporadic-endolymphatic-sac-tumor-a-very-rare-cause-of-hearing-loss-tinnitus-and-dizziness
#6
Didde Trærup Schnack, Katalin Kiss, Søren Hansen, Hidemi Miyazaki, Birgitte Bech, Per Caye Thomasen
Sporadic endolymphatic sac tumor is a very rare neoplasm. It is low malignant, locally destructive and expansive, but non-metastasizing. The tumor is very rare in the sporadic form, but more often associated with Von Hippel-Lindau disease. A 65-year old man with left sided tinnitus and hearing loss for several months. Audiometry showed an asymmetrical sensory neural hearing loss on the left side up to 60 dB. The speech discrimination score was 46% and stapedial reflexes were absent. Several years earlier, he had suffered from periods of dizziness...
July 17, 2017: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665386/-modern-diagnosis-and-treatment-in-children-with-congenital-basal-encephalocele
#7
A V Sakharov, V V Roginskiy, D N Kapitanov, A L Ivanov, E V Shelesko, S K Gorelyshev, A A Evteev, N V Lemeneva, D N Zinkevich, Yu A Kochkin, V I Ozerova, L A Satanin
Basal encephalocele is a rare disease that predominantly occurs in children. Its most common symptoms include nasal liquorrhea, difficulty in nasal breathing, and deformity of the naso-orbital region. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study group included 19 patients with basal encephalocele, aged 2 months to 18 years. Ten (59%) patients were operated on through a transnasal endoscopic approach; 3 (17.5%) patients were operated on through a transcranial approach; 4 (23.5%) patients were operated on using a combined approach: the patients underwent simultaneous elimination of a cranio-orbital region deformity using the basal transcranial approach as well as hernial sac resection and hernioplasty using the transnasal endoscopic approach...
2017: Zhurnal Voprosy Neĭrokhirurgii Imeni N. N. Burdenko
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634489/a-study-of-patients-with-primary-mediastinal-germ-cell-tumors-treated-using-multimodal-therapy
#8
Yutaro Tanaka, Takehiko Okamura, Takashi Nagai, Daichi Kobayashi, Takahiro Kobayashi, Hidetoshi Akita, Yoshinobu Moritoki, Takahiro Yasui
OBJECTIVES: Primary mediastinal germ cell tumors (PMGCTs) are rare, which often makes them difficult to treat. Herein, we examined patients with PMGCTs who underwent multimodal treatment. METHODS: We examined 6 patients (median age: 25 years, range: 19-27 years) with PMGCTs who underwent multimodal treatment between April 2001 and March 2015. Three patients had seminomas, 2 patients had yolk sac tumors, and 1 patient had choriocarcinoma. The median observation period was 32...
2017: Advances in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590029/treatment-of-heterotopic-caesarean-scar-pregnancy-complicated-with-post-termination-increase-in-size-of-residual-mass-and-morbidly-adherent-placenta
#9
Andre Hadyme Miyague, Adriano Pienaro Chrisostomo, Sergio Luis Costa, Edson Tetsuya Nakatani, William Kondo, Claudio Corrêa Gomes
We report a case of a secundipara with heterotopic cesarean scar pregnancy (HCSP) treated with potassium chloride injection into the ectopic embryo followed by sac aspiration. The remaining "mass" increased in size threefold and was surrounded by a rich vascular network. An arteriovenous malformation was suspected; however, appropriate treatment was precluded because of the viability of the ectopic gestation. Sonographic examination revealed a morbidly adherent placenta, and attempt to resect the mass laparoscopically was complicated by bleeding that required hysterectomy...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547933/hybrid-approach-using-laparoscopy-and-transanal-minimally-invasive-surgery-to-treat-rectal-cancer-with-invasion-to-the-seminal-vesicles
#10
Takuya Yamaguchi, Minoru Imai, Dai Uematsu
We treated a 64-year-old man for rectal cancer with direct invasion to the seminal vesicles and no distant metastases by complete resection with laparoscopy and transanal minimally invasive surgery (TAMIS). We inserted the TAMIS device into the anal canal to above the anorectal ring and dissected to prostate level. High ligation of the inferior mesenteric artery and vein was performed by standard medial laparoscopy. The sigmoid and descending colon were mobilized, and in the postrectal space, we dissected to the space made by TAMIS...
May 2017: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524124/-endoscopic-endonasal-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-skull-base-meningoencephalocele
#11
D N Kapitanov, E V Shelesko, A A Potapov, A D Kravchuk, D N Zinkevich, M V Nersesyan, L A Satanin, A V Sakharov, G V Danilov
PURPOSE: The study purpose was to determine the successful outcome rate of endoscopic endonasal reconstruction of skull base CSF fistulas with removal of meningocele as well as analyze disease relapses. The second purpose of the study was to describe the treatment outcomes, depending on the type, location, and size of meningocele as well as on a technique used to reconstruct the skull base defect. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Three hundred and eleven patients diagnosed with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea who underwent surgery at the Burdenko Neurosurgical Institute in the period between 2007 and 2014 were retrospectively analyzed...
2017: Zhurnal Voprosy Neĭrokhirurgii Imeni N. N. Burdenko
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523060/management-options-for-interstitial-ectopic-pregnancies-a-case-series
#12
Ilker Kahramanoglu, Zahid Mammadov, Hasan Turan, Aslihan Urer, Abdullah Tuten
OBJECTIVE: Ectopic pregnancy in the interstitial part of the Fallopian tubes can be life-threatining considering the thin myometrial tissue surrounding the gestational sac and highly vascularization which may result in catastrophic haemorrhage when interstitium is ruptured. The diagnosis and management is challenging. Conservative, medical, and surgical treatment options should be considered based on individual patient factors. METHODS: Four women were diagnosed with interstitial pregnancy in last five years in our tertiary center...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500112/intra-abdominal-inflammatory-myofibroblastic-tumour-imt-mimicking-gonadal-mass-in-a-male-infant-with-undescended-testes
#13
Sanjeev Kumar Shukla, Shivya Parashar
Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumour (IMT) is a rare benign neoplastic tumour, originally described as an inflammatory pseudotumor. Only a single case of IMT in the spermatic cord associated with undescended testes has been reported. We present a rare case of abdominal IMT in a male infant with undescended bilateral testes. The abdominopelvic mass was suspected to be a gonadal malignancy due to empty scrotal sac but proved to be otherwise on histopathology. Mass was completely resected and orchiopexy was performed for both undescended normal-appearing testes...
May 12, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490160/transcortical-endoscopic-surgery-for-intraventricular-lesions
#14
REVIEW
Myung-Hyun Kim
To review recent advances in endoscopic techniques for treating intraventricular lesions via transcortical passage. Articles in PubMed published since 2000 were searched using the keywords 'endoscopy,' 'endoscopic,' and 'neuroendoscopic.' Of these articles, those describing intraventricular lesions were reviewed. Suprasellar arachnoid cysts (SACs) can be treated with ventriculo-cystostomy (VC) or ventriculo-cysto-cisternostomy (VCC). VCC showed better results compared to VC. Procedure type, fenestration size, stent placement, and aqueductal patency may affect SAC prognosis...
May 2017: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470654/-dacryoliths-and-iatrogenic-foreign-bodies-as-classical-triggers-for-inflammatory-pseudotumors-of-the-lacrimal-drainage-system
#15
J Heichel, C Neumann, D Bethmann, U Siebolts, T Hammer, H-G Struck
Background Tumors of the lacrimal duct are rare. Inflammatory pseudotumors do not represent neoplasias as such. Chronic inflammation may lead to an angiomatous granulation tissue. Patients The first case presents a 53-year-old male patient suffering a mass of the mediocaudal orbit after an acute dacryocystitis has been cured. Using diagnostic dacryoendoscopy, a large dacryolith was detected. Removing the concrement, via external dacryocystorhinostomy, a polypous tissue appeared which was resected as well. The second case concerns a 29-year-old female patient...
May 3, 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399337/lacrimal-sac-tumors-a-review
#16
Yamini Krishna, Sarah E Coupland
Tumors of the lacrimal sac are rare but their recognition and early management are imperative, as they are locally invasive and potentially life-threatening. Because of their rarity, large clinical studies with statistically significant data on the natural course, management, and prognosis of these neoplasms are unavailable. Current practices are therefore based on a few case series and a small number of isolated case reports. Most tumors are primary and of epithelial origin (60-94%), of which 55% are malignant...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367345/pure-testicular-seminoma-relapsing-late-with-somatic-type-malignancy
#17
Klaus-Peter Dieckmann, Petra Anheuser, Ralf Gehrckens, Waldemar Wilczak, Guido Sauter, Doris Höflmayer
Background. Somatic type malignancy (STM) occurs in 2% of all germ cell tumours (GCTs). The prognosis is unfavourable and the origin is poorly understood. Pathogenetic hypotheses involve direct transformation of teratoma, origin from totipotent cancer cells, or derivation from yolk sac tumour elements. Case Presentation. A 31-year-old patient was cured from testicular seminoma clinical stage IIc by orchiectomy and cisplatin-based chemotherapy. Nine years later, he experienced a late relapse with a mass sized 5 × 6 cm located at the former metastatic site...
2017: Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344951/a-case-of-littr%C3%A3-s-hernia-at-zinder-national-hospital-zinder-niger
#18
I Amadou Magagi, H Adamou, O Habou
The presence of a Meckel's diverticulum in a hernia sac is known as Littré's hernia. We report a case of Littré's hernia in an 18-year old young man because of the uncommon condition. An 18-year old young patient was admitted to the Emergency Surgical Department of Zinder National Hospital, Zinder, Niger with a painful inguinoscrotal swelling of three days duration. The diagnosis of strangulated right inguinoscrotal hernia was made. At surgery, a Meckel's diverticulum was found at the antimesenteric border of the ileum in the hernia sac, the bowel loop was not viable...
April 2016: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329748/extensive-multilevel-split-laminotomy-for-debulking-a-cervicothoracolumbar-nondysraphic-intramedullary-spinal-cord-lipoma-in-a-2-month-old-infant
#19
Ha Son Nguyen, Sean Lew
INTRODUCTION: Laminectomy is the traditional approach for posterior exposure of the spinal canal for tumor resection. Another technique is split laminotomy, which entails the division and retraction of the spinous processes and laminae to access the thecal sac. This technique has been employed for small-segment exposures, but not extensively explored for long-segment exposures. CASE: A 2-month-old male presented with progressive right-leg plegia. MRI of the spine revealed a large, intramedullary spinal-cord lipoma extending from C6 to L5...
2017: Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306215/primary-mediastinal-and-retroperitoneal-malignant-germ-cell-tumors-in-children-and-adolescents-results-of-the-tgm95-trial-a-study-of-the-french-society-of-pediatric-oncology-soci%C3%A3-t%C3%A3-fran%C3%A3-aise-des-cancers-de-l-enfant
#20
Hélène Sudour-Bonnange, Cécile Faure-Conter, Hélène Martelli, Frederic Hameury, Brice Fresneau, Daniel Orbach, Cécile Vérité
PURPOSE: To examine the clinical presentation, treatment and results in children and adolescents with primary mediastinal (PM) and retroperitoneal (RP) germ cell tumors (GCTs). METHODS: The TGM95 trial for malignant GCTs was conducted in France between 1995 and 2005 to evaluate a strategy adapted to prognostic factors with cisplatin-based chemotherapy and surgical management. We reviewed patients with TGCTs at PM and RP sites. RESULTS: Among 239 patients, there were 16 patients with PM and 5 with RP tumors, which represent 9% of all patients, highlighting the rarity of these extragonadal locations...
March 17, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
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