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Sexual behavior and personality

Jessica L Combs, Elizabeth N Riley, Sarah J Peterson, Carol E Jordan, Gregory T Smith
OBJECTIVE: Exposure to sexual assault results in ongoing harms for women. After an assault, some women engage in higher levels of externalizing behaviors, such as problem drinking, and others experience higher levels of internalizing dysfunction, such as symptoms of anxiety and depression. We sought to understand the role of premorbid factors on the different post-assault experiences of women. METHOD: We studied 1,929 women prospectively during a period of high risk for sexual assault (the first year of college): women were assessed in July before arriving at college and in April near the end of the school year...
March 2018: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Don C Des Jarlais, Courtney McKnight, Jonathan Feelemyer, Kamyar Arasteh, Susan Tross, Aimee N C Campbell, Hannah L F Cooper, David C Perlman
BACKGROUND: We examined whether sex disparities (heterosexual male:female) in HIV infection continue to persist at the "end of the HIV epidemic" among persons who inject drugs (PWID) in New York City (NYC). An "end of the epidemic" was operationally defined as 1) prevalence of untreated HIV infection <5%, and 2) estimated HIV incidence <0.5/100 person-years. METHODS: PWID were recruited from persons entering substance use treatment programs at Mount Sinai Beth Israel in 2001-2005 and 2011-2015...
February 23, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Bertine de Vries, Jooske T van Busschbach, Elisabeth C D van der Stouwe, André Aleman, Jan J M van Dijk, Paul H Lysaker, Johan Arends, Saskia A Nijman, Gerdina H M Pijnenborg
Psychotic disorders often have been linked with violence. However, studies have shown that people with a psychotic disorder are more often victim than perpetrator of violence. The objective of this meta-analysis was to review prevalence rates for different types of victimization and to identify risk factors associated with victimization. Based on a search in MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and Web of Science, 27 studies were found with samples consisting of adults with a psychotic disorder and possible victimization occurring during adulthood and data on "violent victimization," "sexual victimization," "non-violent victimization," and/or "victimization not otherwise specified...
March 14, 2018: Schizophrenia Bulletin
Noam Zilberman, Gal Yadid, Yaniv Efrati, Yehuda Neumark, Yuri Rassovsky
Substance-related and behavioral addictions are extremely prevalent and represent a major public health concern. In the ongoing attempt to understand the addictive personality, contradictory results have arisen from studies that have explored personality traits in different addiction populations. The diversity across addiction types suggests that some of these inconsistencies stem from distinct personalities underlying each addiction. The present study compares the personality profiles of several addictions, representing both substance (drugs and alcohol) and behavioral (gambling and sex) subtypes...
March 6, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
Yaniv Efrati
BACKGROUND: Adolescent compulsive sexual behavior (CSB), and its associations with other personality predispositions (attachment orientations, temperament), gender, religiosity, and psychopathological tendencies. Five alternative empirical models were examined, all based on current theory and research on CSB. METHODS: The sample include 311 high-school adolescents (184 boys, 127 girls) ranging in age from 16 to 18 (M  = 16.94, SD  = .65) and enrolled in the eleventh (43...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
Melissa A Lewis, Isaac C Rhew, Anne M Fairlie, Alex Swanson, Judyth Anderson, Debra Kaysen
The purpose of this study was to evaluate personalized feedback intervention (PFI) framing with two web-delivered PFIs aimed to reduce young adult alcohol-related risky sexual behavior (RSB). Combined PFIs typically use an additive approach whereby independent components on drinking and components on RSB are presented without the discussion of the influence of alcohol on RSB. In contrast, an integrated PFI highlights the RSB-alcohol connection by presenting integrated alcohol and RSB components that focus on the role of intoxication as a barrier to risk reduction in sexual situations...
March 6, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
Cave Sinai, Tatja Hirvikoski, Maria Wiklander, Anna-Lena Nordström, Peter Nordström, Åsa Nilsonne, Alexander Wilczek, Marie Åsberg, Jussi Jokinen
BACKGROUND: This study aims to determine the validity of the Karolinska Interpersonal Violence Scale (KIVS), as a screening tool for PTSD, among women with borderline personality disorder (BPD) and severe suicidal behavior. METHOD: 106 women with BPD and at least two suicide attempts were assessed with the KIVS for exposure to interpersonal violence as a child and as an adult. The screening ability of the KIVS for the diagnosis of PTSD was analyzed using receiver operating characteristic curve analysis...
February 3, 2018: Psychiatry Research
Milton L Wainberg, Karen McKinnon, Andrea Norcini-Pala, Olivia K Hughes, Ezra Schrage, Whitney Erby, Claudio G Mann, Francine Cournos
OBJECTIVE: Persons with mental illness have higher HIV infection rates than the general population. Little is known about whether care systems for this population are effectively participating in global efforts to end AIDS as a public health threat. This study examined treatment-as-usual HIV risk reduction services within public mental health settings. METHODS: The authors interviewed 641 sexually active adults attending eight public psychiatric clinics in Rio de Janeiro about participation in a sexual risk reduction program, HIV testing, HIV knowledge, and sexual behaviors...
March 1, 2018: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
Stephanie Chapman, Kurt Ashack, Eric Bell, Myra Ann Sendelweck, Robert Dellavalle
BACKGROUND: Understanding of associations between indoor tanning and risky health related behaviors such as sexual activity and substance abuse among high school students across the United States is incomplete. OBJECTIVE: To identify risky health related behaviors among high school students utilizing indoor tanning and analyze differences between state specific data. METHODS: Results from the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS) 2013 in 14 different states were analyzed...
September 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
Suzan M Walters, Alexis V Rivera, Kathleen H Reilly, Bridget J Anderson, Barbara Bolden, Afework Wogayehu, Alan Neaigus, Sarah Braunstein
Exchanging sex for money or drugs is known to increase risk for HIV among persons who inject drugs (PWID). To better understand determinants of exchange sex among PWID we examined factors associated with exchange sex in the New York metropolitan area-defined as New York City (NYC), NY; Newark, NJ; and Long Island, NY-using data from the 2012 National HIV Behavioral Surveillance system cycle on injection drug use. Of the 1160 PWID in this analysis, 24% reported exchange sex, with differences in gender and sexual identity by location...
February 21, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
Derek T Dangerfield, Allison J Ober, Laramie R Smith, Steven Shoptaw, Ricky N Bluthenthal
Estimates show a 50% lifetime human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) risk among Black men who have sex with men (BMSM) in the United States(U.S.). Studying the dynamics of sexual positioning practices among BMSM could provide insights into the disparities observed among U.S. groups of men who have sex with men (MSM). This study explored sexual positioning dynamics among HIV-negative BMSM and how they aligned with a theoretical model of sexual positioning and HIV/sexually transmitted infection (STI) risk among MSM...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Sex Research
A M Roth, B Aumaier, M Felsher, S L Welles, A P Donate-Martinez, M Chavis, B Van Der Pol
BACKGROUND: In 2015 approximately 50,000 new HIV infections occurred in the United States, 2,400 of which were attributable to injection drug use in. Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) has the potential to curb HIV acquisition, however, uptake remains low among persons who inject drugs (PWID). The purpose of the study is to describe PrEP eligibility, willingness to use PrEP, and ability to access PrEP among PWID recruited from a pilot program that paired screening and treatment for sexually transmitted infections with mobile syringe exchange program (SEP) services...
October 4, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Claudia M Carlini, Zila M Sanchez
BACKGROUND: Nightclubs are venues in which excessive alcohol use and illegal drug consumption occur in addition to other high-risk behaviors, such as violence and sexual risk behaviors. Environmental factors common in nightclubs and the personal characteristics of patrons might increase the risk of these events. To better understand the relationship between these factors, typologies were formulated that clustered nightclubs according to definite profiles to identify differences to be taken into consideration in preventive interventions...
February 21, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
Eva S Lefkowitz, Rose Wesche, Chelom E Leavitt
Kissing a partner occurs relatively early during adolescence. Thus, young adults who have never kissed are off-time from their peers. Substantial exploration in the areas of identity and intimacy occur during this period, and kissing may fulfill both of these functions, addressing autonomy and relatedness motives for sexual behaviors. We examined the prevalence and personal, contextual, and adjustment/health predictors of delayed onset of kissing. An ethnically and racially diverse sample of traditionally aged first year university students (N = 738; 50...
February 20, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
Krzysztof Nowosielski, Konrad S Jankowski, Robert Kowalczyk, Jacek Kurpisz, Małgorzata Normantowicz-Zakrzewska, Aleksandra Krasowska
INTRODUCTION: The sexual self-schema is a part of a broader concept of the self that is believed to be crucial for intrapersonal and interpersonal sexual relationships. AIM: To develop and perform psychometric validation of the Polish version of the Sexual Self-Schema Scale for Women (SSSS-W-PL). METHODS: 561 women 18 to 55 years old were included in the final analysis. Linguistic validation was performed in 4 steps in line with the MAPI Institute guidelines...
February 17, 2018: Sexual Medicine
Merih Altintas, Mustafa Bilici
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate childhood trauma in relation to criminal behavior, dissociative experiences, adverse family experiences during childhood and psychiatric backgrounds among prison inmates. METHODS: In total, 200 prison inmates were included in this questionnaire-based study. Data on demographic characteristics, adverse family experiences during childhood and psychiatric backgrounds were collected via face-to-face interviews, and a psychometric evaluation was conducted using the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ-28) and Dissociative Experiences Scale (DES)...
January 2, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
Garrett Prestage, Mohamed Hammoud, Fengyi Jin, Louisa Degenhardt, Adam Bourne, Lisa Maher
BACKGROUND: Compared to the general population, among gay and bisexual men (GBM) prevalence rates of anxiety and depression, and of drug use, are high. OBJECTIVE: This paper explores the relationship between mental health, sexual risk behavior, and drug use among Australian GBM. We identify factors associated with indicators of poor mental health. METHODS: Between September 2014 and July 2017, 3017 GBM responded to measures of anxiety and depression in an online cohort study of drug use...
February 8, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
Keith A Hermanstyne, Harold D Green, Ryan Cook, Hong-Van Tieu, Typhanye V Dyer, Christopher Hucks-Ortiz, Leo Wilton, Carl Latkin, Steven Shoptaw
and SettingBlack men who have sex with men (MSM) in the United States (U.S.) have disproportionately high HIV infection rates. Social networks have been shown to influence HIV risk behavior; however, little is known about whether they affect the risk of HIV seroconversion. This study uses data from the BROTHERS (HPTN 061) study to test whether contextual factors related to social networks are associated with HIV seroconversion among black MSM.MethodsWe analyzed data from the BROTHERS study (2009-2011), which examined a multi-component intervention for black MSM in 6 U...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
Jaime Barrientos, Fabiola Gómez, Manuel Cárdenas, Mónica Gúzman, Joaquín Bahamondes
BACKGROUND: Most of the information in Chile about health and wellbeing of sexual minorities refers to risk behaviors. AIM: To assess health and wellbeing in a sample of Chilean homosexual men and women. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Spanish versions of the Satisfaction With Life Scale and Outcome Questionnaire-45 (OQ-45) were answered by 191 homosexual women and 256 homosexual men aged 18 to 67 years, from four Chilean cities. RESULTS: Lesbian women have better levels of satisfaction with life and adjustment in personal relationships than homosexual men...
September 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
Xiao Jun Meng, Andrew Grulich, Xu Wen Wang, Han Lu Yin, Jing Gu, Xuan Zhang, Jing Gu, Hua Chun Zou
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to elucidate the rates of repeat HIV testing and incident HIV diagnosis, and baseline CD4+ T cell count among individuals attending HIV voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) clinics in Wuxi, China. METHODS: A repeat HIV testing within 12 months was recorded if individuals had their first test with negative results, during 2013-2014 and retested within 12 months. An incident HIV diagnosis was recorded if individuals had their first test with negative results, during 2013-2015 and had a subsequent positive result at any point by the end of 2015...
January 2018: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
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