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Sexual behavior and personality

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129712/estimating-the-annual-risk-of-hiv-transmission-within-hiv-sero-discordant-couples-in-sub-saharan-africa
#1
Susanne F Awad, Hiam Chemaitelly, Laith J Abu-Raddad
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the annual risk of HIV transmission (ϕ) within HIV sero-discordant couples in 23 countries in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), by utilizing newly-available national population-based data and accounting for factors known to potentially affect this estimation. METHODS: We used a recently-developed pair-based mathematical model that accommodates for HIV-dynamics temporal variation, sexual risk-behavior heterogeneity, and antiretroviral therapy (ART) scale-up...
November 9, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120895/leaving-the-nest-anticipatory-guidance-for-the-college-bound-youth
#2
Sharnendra Sidhu, Andrew Adesman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The number of students enrolling in college is on the rise; however, the number of students dropping out is increasing as well. Given that the transition to attending college poses challenges with independent academic functioning, social adjustment, health behaviors, and lifestyle choices, the purpose of this review is to describe some of the issues that these students will encounter so that pediatricians can help teens who are going to college successfully transition to their new academic, social, and living environment...
December 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106273/dark-personality-traits-and-impulsivity-among-adolescents-differential-links-to-problem-behaviors-and-family-relations
#3
Judith Semon Dubas, Laura Baams, Suzan M Doornwaard, Marcel A G van Aken
Research on how dark personality traits develop and relate to risky behaviors and family relations during adolescence is scarce. This study used a person-oriented approach to examine (a) whether distinct groups of adolescents could be identified based on their developmental profiles of callous-unemotional (CU), grandiose manipulative (GM), and dysfunctional impulsivity (DI) traits and (b) whether these groups differ in their problem behaviors and parent-adolescent relationship quality. Latent class growth analyses on 4-wave data of 1,131 Dutch adolescents revealed 3 personality profiles: (1) a dark impulsive group (13...
October 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103277/decomposing-economic-disparities-in-risky-sexual-behaviors-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-tehran-blinder-oaxaca-decomposition-analysis
#4
Mehdi Noroozi, Hamid Sharifi, Alireza Noroozi, Fatemah Rezaei, Mohammad Rafi Bazrafshan, Bahram Armoon
Objectives: To our knowledge, no study yet has assessed systematically the role of economic status on risky sexual behavior among people who inject drugs(PWID) in Iran. In this study,we used a Blinder-Oaxaca (BO)decomposition to explore the relative contributions of inequality in unprotected sex and to decompose it to its determinants among PWID in Tehran. Methods: Behavioral surveys among PWID were conducted in Tehran the capital city of Iran from November 2016 to April 2017...
November 5, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098784/describing-the-healthcare-experiences-and-strategies-of-women-survivors-of-violence
#5
Elizabeth A Reeves, Janice C Humphreys
BACKGROUND: Survivors of traumatic life events are at increased risk for an array of negative health consequences, which can be complicated when distressing healthcare experiences act as a barrier to accessing needed care. Implications for trauma-informed and sensitive practice are well established, but evidence to-date on survivors' healthcare experiences and patient engagement is limited. DESIGN: The purpose of this qualitative descriptive study was to develop knowledge on women survivors' healthcare experiences and strategies...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098041/migration-stress-poor-mental-health-and-engagement-in-sex-with-high-risk-partners-a-mediation-modeling-analysis-of-data-from-rural-to-urban-migrants-in-china
#6
Bin Yu, Xinguang Chen, Yaqiong Yan, Jie Gong, Fang Li, Emily Robserson
Background: There is a growing need for better understanding of mechanisms underpinning the relationship between migration stress and HIV risk behaviors for the development of HIV prevention and control policy. Methods: Survey data from a random sample of 1,293 Chinese rural-to-urban migrants were analyzed. Stress was assessed using the Domestic Migration Stress Questionnaire (DMSQ), mental health status was assessed using the Brief Symptoms Inventory (BSI), and having sex with high risk partners was assessed as if ever have had sex with high risk partners (e...
December 2017: Sexuality Research & Social Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095843/transgender-female-sex-workers-hiv-knowledge-experienced-stigma-and-condom-use-in-the-dominican-republic
#7
Henna Budhwani, Kristine R Hearld, Julia Hasbun, Rebecca Charow, Santo Rosario, Louise Tillotson, Elaine McGlaughlin, John Waters
INTRODUCTION: Not only do transgender female sex workers have some of the highest rates of sexually transmitted infections (STI), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and experienced stigma, they also have higher likelihood of early sexual debut and some of the lowest levels of educational attainment compared to other stigmatized populations. Some of the most common interventions designed to reduce transmission of HIV and STIs seek to educate high-risk groups on sexual health and encourage condom use across all partner types; however, reaching stigmatized populations, particularly those in resource-limited settings, is particularly challenging...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079946/depressive-symptoms-alcohol-and-drug-use-and-physical-and-sexual-abuse-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-kisumu-kenya-the-anza-mapema-study
#8
Colin P Kunzweiler, Robert C Bailey, Duncan O Okall, Susan M Graham, Supriya D Mehta, Fredrick O Otieno
Men who have sex with men (MSM) are disproportionately burdened by depressive symptoms and psychosocial conditions including alcohol and substance abuse as well as physical and sexual abuse. We examined sociodemographic and psychosocial factors associated with depressive symptoms at baseline among a cohort of MSM in Kisumu, Kenya. Depressive symptoms were assessed via the Personal Health Questionnaire 9 instrument and examined dichotomously. We performed multivariable modified Poisson regression with robust standard errors for the binary outcome...
October 27, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073834/theory-based-analysis-of-interest-in-an-hiv-vaccine-for-reasons-indicative-of-risk-compensation-among-african-american-women
#9
Julia E Painter, Brandie S Temple, Laura A Woods, Carrie Cwiak, Lisa B Haddad, Mark J Mulligan, Ralph J DiClemente
Licensure of an HIV vaccine could reduce or eliminate HIV among vulnerable populations. However, vaccine effectiveness could be undermined by risk compensation (RC), defined by an increase in risky behavior due to a belief that the vaccine will confer protection. Interest in an HIV vaccine for reasons indicative of RC may serve as an indicator of actual RC in a postlicensure era. This study assessed factors associated with interest in an HIV vaccine for reasons indicative of RC among African American women aged 18 to 55 years, recruited from a hospital-based family planning clinic in Atlanta, Georgia ( N = 321)...
October 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073129/receipt-of-selected-preventive-health-services-for-women-and-men-of-reproductive-age-united-states-2011-2013
#10
Karen Pazol, Cheryl L Robbins, Lindsey I Black, Katherine A Ahrens, Kimberly Daniels, Anjani Chandra, Anjel Vahratian, Lorrie E Gavin
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Receipt of key preventive health services among women and men of reproductive age (i.e., 15-44 years) can help them achieve their desired number and spacing of healthy children and improve their overall health. The 2014 publication Providing Quality Family Planning Services: Recommendations of CDC and the U.S. Office of Population Affairs (QFP) establishes standards for providing a core set of preventive services to promote these goals. These services include contraceptive care for persons seeking to prevent or delay pregnancy, pregnancy testing and counseling, basic infertility services for those seeking to achieve pregnancy, sexually transmitted disease (STD) services, and other preconception care and related preventive health services...
October 27, 2017: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069298/high-hiv-incidence-and-prevalence-and-associated-factors-among-adolescent-sexual-minority-males-3-cities-2015
#11
Alexandra B Balaji, Qian An, Justin C Smith, Michael E Newcomb, Brian Mustanski, Nikhil G Prachand, Kathleen A Brady, Sarah Braunstein, Gabriela Paz-Bailey
Background: Much has been written about the impact of HIV among young (13-24) sexual minority men (SMM). Evidence for concern is substantial for emerging adult (18-24) SMM. Data documenting the burden and associated risk factors of HIV among adolescent SMM (<18) remains limited. Methods: Adolescent SMM aged 13-18 years were recruited in three cities (Chicago; New York City; Philadelphia) for interview and HIV testing. We used chi-square tests for percentages of binary variables and one-way ANOVA for means of continuous variables to assess differences by race-ethnicity in behaviors...
October 24, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053409/amnestic-heterosexism-and-bystander-responses-to-anti-gay-bullying
#12
Jennifer Katz, Dillon Federici, Tess Ramos-Dries
Amnestic heterosexism (AH) reflects the belief that, in contemporary society, people who are lesbian, gay, or bisexual (LGB) no longer experience discrimination related to sexual orientation. We investigated potential associations between individuals' AH beliefs and their responses to anti-gay bullying. Heterosexual undergraduates (N = 238) completed a measure of AH before responding to a scenario in which a man accuses another man of being a "fag." As expected, those with greater AH beliefs perceived the situation as less severe/dangerous, felt less personally responsible to intervene, and were more blaming toward the target of bullying...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050504/transgender-research-in-the-21st-century-a-selective-critical-review-from-a-neurocognitive-perspective
#13
Sven C Mueller, Griet De Cuypere, Guy T'Sjoen
Gender dysphoria describes the psychological distress caused by identifying with the sex opposite to the one assigned at birth. In recent years, much progress has been made in characterizing the needs of transgender persons wishing to transition to their preferred gender, thus helping to optimize care. This critical review of the literature examines their common mental health issues, several individual risk factors for psychiatric comorbidity, and current research on the underlying neurobiology. Prevalence rates of persons identifying as transgender and seeking help with transition have been rising steeply since 2000 across Western countries; the current U...
October 20, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026375/sexual-risk-behavior-among-hiv-positive-persons-in-jamaica
#14
Butho Ncube, Jessica Ansong, Kewanna Daniels, Dianne Campbell-Stennett, Pauline E Jolly
BACKGROUND: HIV/AIDS remains a global public health challenge, especially in sub-Saharan Africa and the Caribbean. Sexual risk behaviors among HIV-positive persons place their partners at risk for HIV transmission and other sexually transmitted infections. Stopping transmission acts among HIV-positive people is crucial in reversing HIV incidence. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the prevalence and predictors of sexual risk behaviors among HIV-positive individuals in clinical care in Northwestern Jamaica...
March 2017: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023252/partner-notification-for-youth-living-with-hiv-in-14-cities-in-the-united-states
#15
Jacob J van den Berg, Marjan Javanbakht, Pamina M Gorbach, Bret J Rudy, Andrew O Westfall, Craig M Wilson, Michelle A Lally
BACKGROUND: Identifying factors associated with partner notification among youth living with HIV is critical for effective HIV prevention and treatment strategies. METHODS: A total of 924 male and female behaviorally-infected youth ages 13-24 across 14 U.S. cities completed an audio-computer assisted self-interview including questions about demographics and experiences with patient- and provider-referral partner notification. RESULTS: The majority of participants self-identified as male (82...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990359/ancestry-specific-and-sex-specific-risk-alleles-identified-in-a-genome-wide-gene-by-alcohol-dependence-interaction-study-of-risky-sexual-behaviors
#16
Renato Polimanti, Hongyu Zhao, Lindsay A Farrer, Henry R Kranzler, Joel Gelernter
We previously mapped loci for the genome-wide association studies (GWAS) and genome-wide gene-by-alcohol dependence interaction (GW-GxAD) analyses of risky sexual behaviors (RSB). This study extends those findings by analyzing the ancestry- and sex-specific AD-stratified effects on RSB. We examined the concordance of findings for the AD-stratified GWAS and the GW-GxAD analysis of RSB, with concordance defined as genome-wide significance in one analysis and at least nominal significance in the second analysis...
December 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part B, Neuropsychiatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989988/a-risk-based-model-for-predicting-the-impact-of-using-condoms-on-the-spread-of-sexually-transmitted-infections
#17
Asma Azizi, Karen Ríos-Soto, Anuj Mubayi, James M Hyman
We create and analyze a mathematical model to estimate the impact of condom-use and sexual behavior on the prevalence and spread of Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs). STIs remain a significant public health challenge globally with a high burden of some Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) in both developed and undeveloped countries. Although condom-use is known to reduce the transmission of STIs, there are a few quantitated population-based studies on the protective role of condom-use in reducing the incidence of STIs...
February 2017: Infectious disease modelling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979752/triangular-relationship-among-risky-sexual-behavior-addiction-and-aggression-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Khodabakhsh Ahmadi, Seyed Alireza Javadinia, Seyed Hassan Saadat, Mohammad Arash Ramezani, Homa Sedghijalal
BACKGROUND: Risky sexual behavior (RSB), addiction, and aggression are three important personal and social factors which influence each other. OBJECTIVE: To overview the potential relationship among RSB, addiction, and aggression to conduct an interactive model for the pathology and management of human behavior. METHODS: This review article was carried out by searching studies in PubMed, Medline, Web of Science, Ebsco, IEEE, Scopus, Springer, MagIran, and IranMedex databases from the year 1993 to 2013...
August 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972633/undergraduate-placements-in-geriatric-care-facilities-students-gaining-experience-with-challenging-responsive-behaviors
#19
Beverly O'Connell, Lorna Guse, Loreley Greenslade, Angela Osterreicher, Fiona Jensen
BACKGROUND: Undergraduate nursing students may experience challenging behaviors in residents during their clinical placement in geriatric long-term care (GLTC) facilities. METHOD: Bachelor of Nursing students participated in an anonymous online questionnaire (n = 116). RESULTS: The students witnessed a wide range of challenging behaviors, also referred to as responsive behaviors, in GLTC residents. The most frequent behaviors included agitation/restlessness, repetitive talk, and wandering...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970070/characteristics-of-subgroups-in-the-adult-baby-diaper-lover-community
#20
Brian D Zamboni
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of research on adult baby/diaper lover (ABDL) behavior, particularly from community samples. Prior studies have not examined differences between the AB and DL subgroups in the ABDL community. AIM: To explore whether endorsements of AB role-play enjoyment and ratings of sexual enjoyment during ABDL activity were related to parenting and attachment variables, negative mood states, and reported problems with ABDL and to explore differences by relationship status and by sexual orientation...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
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