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Sexual behavior and personality

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429958/the-influence-of-violence-victimization-on-sexual-health-behaviors-and-outcomes
#1
Jennifer Latimer, Julia Fleckman, Maeve Wallace, Michele Rountree, Katherine Theall
This study examines the implications of a history of personal violence on health and health behaviors. A secondary analysis of cross-sectional data involving adults (n = 214) from a semirural area in southern Louisiana between October 2008 and December 2010 was conducted to ascertain the association between a personal history of violence victimization and indicators of sexual health behaviors and outcomes: communication with sexual partners about HIV status, consistent condom use, and sexually transmitted infection (STI)...
April 21, 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425734/a-within-person-approach-to-risk-for-suicidal-ideation-and-suicidal-behavior-examining-the-roles-of-depression-stress-and-abuse-exposure
#2
Adam Bryant Miller, Tory Eisenlohr-Moul, Matteo Giletta, Paul D Hastings, Karen D Rudolph, Matthew K Nock, Mitchell J Prinstein
OBJECTIVE: This study tests a novel, within-person model that reexamines depression and stress as risk factors for suicidal ideation and behavior among adolescent girls with and without sexual/physical abuse histories. METHOD: This longitudinal study includes data from 220 adolescent girls between 12 and 16 years of age (M = 14.69 years, SD = 1.37; 61% White). At baseline, adolescents reported the presence or absence of prior abuse as part of a clinical interview...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423136/violence-against-women-esp%C3%A3-rito-santo-brazil
#3
Franciele Marabotti Costa Leite, Maria Helena Costa Amorim, Fernando C Wehrmeister, Denise Petrucci Gigante
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence and factors associated with psychological, physical and sexual violence in women victims of intimate partner violence assisted in the primary care services. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study, conducted in 26 health units in Vitória, State of Espírito Santo, from March to September 2014. We interviewed 991 women aged 20-59 years. To classify the psychological, physical and sexual violence, the World Health Organization instrument on violence against women was used and a questionnaire to investigate the sociodemographic, behavioral characteristics, and the women's family and life history was developed...
April 10, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422704/influencing-factors-on-high-risk-sexual-behaviors-in-young-people-an-ecological-perspective
#4
Hoda Arabi-Mianrood, Zeinab Hamzehgardeshi, Elham Khoori, Mahmood Moosazadeh, Zohreh Shahhosseini
Background In recent years, high-risk sexual behaviors due to their negative consequences both for the individual and society have received more attention than other high-risk behaviors. Objective The aim of this study was to review the influencing factors of high-risk sexual behaviors among young people from an ecological point of view. Methods This review was conducted through searching databases including PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, Google Scholar and the Cochrane Library with keywords such as sexual risk-taking behavior, high-risk sex, unprotected sex and unsafe sex...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417268/sexual-behavior-among-persons-with-cognitive-impairments
#5
REVIEW
Robyn P Thom, Albert J Grudzinskas, Fabian M Saleh
Although the cognitively impaired are frequently included in heterogeneous studies of problematic sexual behavior, the epidemiology, etiology, and approach to assessment and treatment of persons with dementia and intellectual disability are distinct from those of the general population. The incidence of inappropriate sexual behavior among the intellectually disabled is 15-33%; however, the nature tends to be more socially inappropriate than with violative intent. Limited sociosexual education is a large contributor, and better addressing this area offers a target for prevention and treatment...
May 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402405/sexual-networks-dyadic-characteristics-and-hiv-acquisition-and-transmission-behaviors-among-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-6-us-cities
#6
DeMarc A Hickson, Leandro A Mena, Leo Wilton, Hong-Van Tieu, Beryl A Koblin, Vanessa Cummings, Carl Latkin, Kenneth H Mayer
The role of sexual networks in the epidemiology of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) among black men who have sex with men (MSM) is poorly understood. Using data from 1,306 black MSM in the BROTHERS Study (2009-2010) in the United States, we examined the relationships between multiple sexual dyadic characteristics and serodiscordant/serostatus-unknown condomless sex (SDCS). HIV-infected participants had higher odds of SDCS when having sex at least weekly (odds ratio (OR) = 2.41, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1...
April 10, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395194/neuroticism-as-a-risk-factor-for-child-abuse-in-victims-of-childhood-sexual-abuse
#7
Coralie Boillat, Nathalie Schwab, Matthias Stutz, Marlon O Pflueger, Marc Graf, Timm Rosburg
Findings on the relationship of experienced sexual abuse and abuse behavior in adulthood are ambiguous. However, associations between experienced abuse and neuroticism as well as between neuroticism and active child abuse have been reported repeatedly. In our study, we compared pedosexual child abusers with consumers of internet child pornography and control subjects with adult-sexual preference with regard to traumatic childhood experience (Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, CTQ), personality traits (NEO - Personality Inventory - Revised, NEO-PI-R), and sexual abnormalities (Multiphasic Sex Inventory, MSI)...
April 7, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375716/does-the-convergent-validity-of-the-pai-antisocial-features-scale-depend-on-offender-response-style
#8
Brett O Gardner, Marcus T Boccaccini
Researchers have recently questioned the utility of the response style indicators included on many self-report measures of personality and psychopathology. We examined whether the size of convergent validity coefficients for Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI) Antisocial Features (ANT) scores depends on PAI validity scale scores. Using PAI and Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R) scores from 477 offenders evaluated for civil commitment as sexually violent predators, we found that PAI Positive Impression (PIM), Negative Impression (NIM), Malingering Index (MAL), Defensiveness Index (DEF), and Infrequency (INF) scores moderated the association between ANT and PCL-R scores...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371120/condom-use-among-swedes-while-traveling-internationally-a-qualitative-descriptive-study
#9
Eva Lejelind, Ragnar Westerling, Kerstin Sjögren Fugl-Meyer, Kjerstin Larsson
This study explores factors influencing condom use among Swedish women and men who visited a sexual health clinic after unprotected sex during international travel. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 25 women and 25 men. The data were analyzed using conventional content analysis. The informants' narratives were categorized as strategies and barriers. Strategies found were: risk assessment, testing, and treatment for sexually transmitted infections. The barriers were characterized as technical and personal or emotional...
March 30, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364979/factors-associated-with-condom-use-among-sexually-active-us-adults-national-survey-of-family-growth-2006-2010-and-2011-2013
#10
Muazzam Nasrullah, Emeka Oraka, Pollyanna R Chavez, Christopher H Johnson, Elizabeth DiNenno
BACKGROUND: Condom-less sex can increase the risk of acquiring or transmitting HIV. AIM: To characterize the prevalence of condom use at the most recent sex act and identify factors associated with use of a condom at the most recent sex act in adults in the United States. METHODS: Data from the cross-sectional National Survey of Family Growth from cycles 2006 through 2010 and 2011 through 2013 were analyzed for sexually active men and women 18 to 44 years old who reported having sex (vaginal, anal, or oral) with an opposite-sex partner in the past 12 months...
April 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351881/mjustice-preliminary-development-of-a-mobile-app-for-medical-forensic-documentation-of-sexual-violence-in-low-resource-environments-and-conflict-zones
#11
Ranit Mishori, Michael Anastario, Karen Naimer, Sucharita Varanasi, Hope Ferdowsian, Dori Abel, Kevin Chugh
Digital health development and use has been expansive and operationalized in a variety of settings and modalities around the world, including in low- and middle-income countries. Mobile applications have been developed for a variety of health professionals and frontline health workers including physicians, midwives, nurses, and community health workers. However, there are no published studies on the development and use of digital health related to human rights fieldwork and to our knowledge no mobile health platforms exist specifically for use by frontline health workers to forensically and clinically document sexual violence...
March 24, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347722/testosterone-the-progesterone-estradiol-ratio-and-female-ratings-of-masculine-facial-fluctuating-asymmetry-for-a-long-term-relationship
#12
Leonor Hernández-López, Dafne M García-Granados, Roberto Chavira-Ramírez, Ricardo Mondragón-Ceballos
Idiosyncratic variation within the normal range of androgens levels in women account for significant variations in personality and behavior. We studied if testosterone introduces significant biases in women's perception of fluctuating symmetry of male faces suitability for a long-term relationship. Participants were 145 female college students asked to rate in a two-choice forced paradigm the attractiveness, suitability as a long-term partner, and economic success, fatherliness and fidelity of an asymmetric and a symmetric male face...
March 24, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344565/from-attire-to-assault-clothing-objectification-and-de-humanization-a-possible-prelude-to-sexual-violence
#13
Bhuvanesh Awasthi
In the context of objectification and violence, little attention has been paid to the perception neuroscience of how the human brain perceives bodies and objectifies them. Various studies point to how external cues such as appearance and attire could play a key role in encouraging objectification, dehumanization and the denial of agency. Reviewing new experimental findings across several areas of research, it seems that common threads run through issues of clothing, sexual objectification, body perception, dehumanization, and assault...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340908/preparing-the-united-states-for-zika-virus-pre-emptive-vector-control-and-personal-protection
#14
EDITORIAL
James H Diaz
Discovered in 1947 in a monkey in the Zika forest of Uganda, Zika virus was dismissed as a cause of a mild illness that was confined to Africa and Southeast Asia and transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes. In 2007, Zika virus appeared outside of its endemic borders in an outbreak on the South Pacific Island of Yap. In 2013, Zika virus was associated with a major neurological complication, Guillain-Barré syndrome, in a larger outbreak in the French Polynesian Islands. From the South Pacific, Zika invaded Brazil in 2015 and caused another severe neurological complication, fetal microcephaly...
December 2016: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327508/adverse-childhood-experiences-commitment-offense-and-race-ethnicity-are-the-effects-crime-race-and-ethnicity-specific
#15
Matt DeLisi, Justin Alcala, Abdi Kusow, Andy Hochstetler, Mark H Heirigs, Jonathan W Caudill, Chad R Trulson, Michael T Baglivio
Adverse childhood experiences are associated with an array of health, psychiatric, and behavioral problems including antisocial behavior. Criminologists have recently utilized adverse childhood experiences as an organizing research framework and shown that adverse childhood experiences are associated with delinquency, violence, and more chronic/severe criminal careers. However, much less is known about adverse childhood experiences vis-à-vis specific forms of crime and whether the effects vary across race and ethnicity...
March 22, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318416/conflicts-between-motivational-systems-related-to-attachment-trauma-key-to-understanding-the-intra-family-relationship-between-abused-children-and-their-abusers
#16
Giovanni Liotti
Research on disorganization of infant attachment provides evidence that it can be caused not only by violent aggression or very early sexual abuse, but also by covert maltreating behavior, which includes the abdication of the caregiver's responsibility to soothe the infant's distress. This paper argues that both overtly abusive caregivers and merely "abdicating" caregivers may cause disorganization of infant attachment through a simultaneous and conflicting activation of the motivational systems governing attachment and survival defense in the infant...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301821/sex-related-substance-use-and-the-externalizing-spectrum
#17
Craig Rodriguez-Seijas, Kodi B Arfer, Ronald G Thompson, Deborah S Hasin, Nicholas R Eaton
BACKGROUND: Substance use before and during sexual activity is associated with many negative health outcomes. Estimates suggest that at least 4.3 million American adults annually engage in regular sex-related alcohol consumption, indicating that the intersection of substance use and sexual behavior is of public health concern. However, it is likely that when considering broader sex-related substance use, estimates would be notably higher. While substance use disorders and antisocial personality disorder have been associated with sex-related alcohol consumption, no study has investigated how regular sex-related substance use is associated with the broader transdiagnostic externalizing spectrum...
February 28, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296533/polypharmacy-infectious-diseases-sexual-behavior-and-psychophysical-health-among-anabolic-steroid-using-homosexual-and-heterosexual-gym-patrons-in-san-francisco-s-castro-district
#18
Eric J Ip, Michael A Yadao, Bijal M Shah, Shadi Doroudgar, Paul J Perry, Michael J Tenerowicz, Lindsay Newsom, Amber A Mann, Hermine Mkrtchyan, Harrison G Pope
BACKGROUND: Limited studies based in England and Australia reported misuse of anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) among homosexual men to enhance body image. Anecdotally, AAS are also being misused by homosexual men in the United States. Since many AAS and certain performance enhancing drugs (PEDs) are administered via injection, this poses a potential vector for the spread of infectious disease in an already at-risk population. OBJECTIVES: This study compared and contrasted homosexual and heterosexual male gym clients regarding use of AAS and PEDs, use of alcohol and illicit drugs, seroprevalence of infectious disease, engagement in risky injection practices and sexual behaviors, and presence of psychiatric conditions...
June 7, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288565/healthcare-workers-behaviors-and-personal-determinants-associated-with-providing-adequate-sexual-and-reproductive-healthcare-services-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-systematic-review
#19
Kim Jonas, Rik Crutzen, Bart van den Borne, Priscilla Reddy
BACKGROUND: Healthcare workers may affect the utilization of sexual and reproductive healthcare (SRH) services, and quality of care thereof, for example by their behaviours or attitudes they hold. This can become a hindrance to accessing and utilizing SRH services, particularly by young people, and thus a better understanding of these behaviours and associated factors is needed to improve access to and utilization of SRH services. METHODS: A systematic review of literature was conducted to identify studies focusing on healthcare workers' behaviors and personal determinants associated with providing adequate SRH services in sub-Saharan Africa (January 1990 - October 2015)...
March 13, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287877/measuring-sexual-and-gender-minority-populations-in-health-surveillance
#20
Joanne G Patterson, Jennifer M Jabson, Deborah J Bowen
PURPOSE: Sexual and gender minorities (SGMs) are underrepresented and information about SGMs is difficult to locate in national health surveillance data, and this limits identification and resolution of SGM health disparities. It is also not known how measures of sexual orientation and transgender-inclusive gender identity in health surveillance compare with best practice recommendations. This article reviews and summarizes the publicly available, English language, large-scale, rigorously sampled, national, international, and regional data sources that include sexual orientation or transgender-inclusive gender identity and compares measures with best practice guidelines...
April 2017: LGBT Health
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