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Sexual behavior and personality

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913693/human-papillomavirus-genotype-distribution-in-cervical-samples-among-vaccine-na%C3%A3-ve-barbados-women
#1
Juann M Ward, Kolin Schmalenberg, Nick A Antonishyn, Ian R Hambleton, Elizabeth L Blackman, Paul N Levett, Marquita V Gittens-St Hilaire
PURPOSE: This study was undertaken to provide baseline HPV genotype distribution among women in Barbados before HPV immunization was introduced. This information would then be used as a denominator for post-vaccine surveillance and is expected to aid in understanding the effect of vaccination on cervical disease in Barbados. METHODS: Liquid-based cytology specimens were collected from 413 women (age range 18-65 years) attending three clinics, in a pre-vaccination, population-based study...
September 14, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903641/sex-unleashes-your-tongue-sexual-priming-motivates-self-disclosure-to-a-new-acquaintance-and-interest-in-future-interactions
#2
Gurit E Birnbaum, Moran Mizrahi, Ayelet Kaplan, Danielle Kadosh, Dana Kariv, Danielle Tabib, Daniella Ziv, Lihi Sadeh, Daniella Burban
Research has demonstrated the contribution of sexual activity to the quality of ongoing relationships. Nevertheless, less attention has been given to how activation of the sexual system affects relationship-initiation processes. Three studies used complementary methodologies to examine the effect of sexual priming on self-disclosure, a relationship-promoting behavior. In Study 1, participants were subliminally exposed to sexual stimuli (vs. neutral stimuli), and then disclosed over Instant Messenger a personal event to an opposite-sex stranger...
May 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892490/development-of-risk-reduction-behavioral-counseling-for-ebola-virus-disease-survivors-enrolled-in-the-sierra-leone-ebola-virus-persistence-study-2015-2016
#3
Neetu Abad, Tasneem Malik, Archchun Ariyarajah, Patricia Ongpin, Matthew Hogben, Suzanna L R McDonald, Jaclyn Marrinan, Thomas Massaquoi, Anna Thorson, Elizabeth Ervin, Kyle Bernstein, Christine Ross, William J Liu, Karen Kroeger, Kara N Durski, Nathalie Broutet, Barbara Knust, Gibrilla F Deen
BACKGROUND: During the 2014-2016 West Africa Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) epidemic, the public health community had concerns that sexual transmission of the Ebola virus (EBOV) from EVD survivors was a risk, due to EBOV persistence in body fluids of EVD survivors, particularly semen. The Sierra Leone Ebola Virus Persistence Study was initiated to investigate this risk by assessing EBOV persistence in numerous body fluids of EVD survivors and providing risk reduction counseling based on test results for semen, vaginal fluid, menstrual blood, urine, rectal fluid, sweat, tears, saliva, and breast milk...
September 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884246/impulsivity-dimensions-and-risky-sex-behaviors-in-an-at-risk-young-adult-sample
#4
Inga Curry, Jeremy W Luk, Ryan S Trim, Christian J Hopfer, John K Hewitt, Michael C Stallings, Sandra A Brown, Tamara L Wall
Impulsivity is a personality-based risk factor that has been well studied in relation to risky sexual behavior. Recent conceptualizations of impulsivity have proposed multidimensional facets comprised of premeditation, perseverance, sensation seeking, negative urgency, and positive urgency (UPPS-P model). Prior studies have found that these facets are associated with risky sexual behavior in adolescent and college student samples, but no prior studies have evaluated them in clinical samples. The current study examined how impulsivity-related traits related to two different risky sexual behaviors in a clinical sample of at-risk young adults who had both conduct disorder and substance use disorder symptoms as adolescents (n = 529)...
September 7, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880705/healthcare-access-and-cancer-screening-among-victims-of-intimate-partner-violence
#5
Greta M Massetti, Julie S Townsend, Cheryll C Thomas, Kathleen C Basile, Lisa C Richardson
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) victims often experience substantial and persistent mental and physical health problems, including increased risk for chronic disease and barriers to healthcare access. This study investigated the association between IPV and cancer screening. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data from the eight states and one U.S. territory that administered the optional IPV module in 2006 were analyzed to examine demographic characteristics, health behaviors, health status, healthcare coverage, use of health services, and cancer screening among men and women who reported IPV victimization compared with those among men and women who did not...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876211/human-papillomavirus-related-cancer-surveillance-prevention-and-screening-among-transgender-men-and-women-neglected-populations-at-high-risk
#6
Brandon Brown, Tonia Poteat, Logan Marg, Jerome T Galea
Researchers and healthcare surveillance systems must clearly disaggregate data for transgender men and women from data for cisgender men and women to identify population-level health disparities and give every person an opportunity for cancer prevention. The limited human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine recommendations for transgender men and women may be due to the scant literature on cancer prevalence coupled with poor understanding of HPV risks for these populations. Comprehensive cancer screening and prevention initiatives centered on relevant anatomy and sexual risk behaviors that are inclusive of transgender men and women are needed...
September 6, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873128/safety-and-feasibility-of-antiretroviral-preexposure-prophylaxis-for-adolescent-men-who-have-sex-with-men-aged-15-to-17-years-in-the-united-states
#7
Sybil G Hosek, Raphael J Landovitz, Bill Kapogiannis, George K Siberry, Bret Rudy, Brandy Rutledge, Nancy Liu, D Robert Harris, Kathleen Mulligan, Gregory Zimet, Kenneth H Mayer, Peter Anderson, Jennifer J Kiser, Michelle Lally, Jennifer Brothers, Kelly Bojan, Jim Rooney, Craig M Wilson
Importance: Adolescents represent a key population for implementing preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) interventions worldwide, yet tenofovir disoproxil fumarate/emtricitabine (TDF/FTC) for PrEP is only licensed for adults. Objective: To examine the safety of and adherence to PrEP along with changes in sexual risk behavior among adolescent men who have sex with men (MSM). Design, Setting, and Participants: Adolescent Medicine Trials Network for HIV/AIDS Interventions 113 (Project PrEPare) was a PrEP demonstration project that evaluated the safety, tolerability, and acceptability of TDF/FTC and patterns of use, rates of adherence, and patterns of sexual risk behavior among healthy young MSM aged 15 to 17 years...
September 5, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870687/-act-in-the-treatment-of-sexual-addiction-about-a-clinical-case
#8
S Lantheaume
While referring to the theoretical and practical model of R. Harris (2012), this article proposes the use of acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) in the treatment of sexual addiction. While dependent behaviors begin and may be maintained by refusal of unpleasant emotional states (that is, addict individuals tend to fight or flee negative emotions by replacing eventually painful or otherwise unpleasant states by behaviors providing pleasure), the ACT framework appears as an ally in treatment of addictive behaviors, in that its goal is a fit between patients' behaviors and their values (instead avoidance of unpleasant states avoidance)...
September 1, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866722/changes-in-intensity-of-neurotic-symptoms-associated-with-reduction-of-suicidal-ideation-in-patients-who-underwent-psychotherapy-in-the-day-hospital-for-the-treatment-of-neurotic-and-behavioral-disorders
#9
Paweł Rodziński, Krzysztof Rutkowski, Agnieszka Murzyn, Jerzy A Sobański, Katarzyna Cyranka, Edyta Dembińska, Karolina Grządziel, Katarzyna Klasa, Michał Mielimąka, Łukasz Müldner-Nieckowski, Bogna Smiatek-Mazgaj
OBJECTIVES: Analysis of associations between changes in the intensity of neurotic symptoms and reduction of suicidal ideation (SI) or lack of SI reduction, in patients who underwent a course of intensive psychotherapy conducted in integrative approach with predominance of psychodynamic approach in a day hospital. METHODS: Symptom Checklist KO"O" and Life Inventory completed by 461 women and 219 men treated in the psychotherapeutic day hospital due to neurotic, behavioral or personality disorders between 2005-2013...
June 18, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855044/sexual-behavior-in-germany
#10
Julia Haversath, Kathrin M Gärttner, Sören Kliem, Ilka Vasterling, Bernhard Strauss, Christoph Kröger
BACKGROUND: There have not been any population-based surveys in Germany to date on the frequency of various types of sexual behavior. The topic is of interdisciplinary interest, particularly with respect to the prevention and treatment of sexually transmitted infections. METHODS: Within the context of a survey that dealt with multiple topics, information was obtained from 2524 persons about their sexual orientation, sexual practices, sexual contacts outside relationships, and contraception...
August 21, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28847056/-characteristics-of-hiv-seropositive-cases-and-related-high-risk-behaviors-in-a-community-in-yunnan-province-2012-2015
#11
Z Y Zhang, M Y Xiao, L R Fu, J Niu, X H Li, L J Song, H B Luo
Objective: To understand the characteristics of newly detected HIV infection cases and related high risk behaviors in the areas with high HIIV infection prevalence in Yunnan province. Methods: A questionnaire survey was conducted with census method during January to March 2016 among newly detected HIV infected persons in Dehong, Honghe, Lincang and Dali prefectures in Yunnan during 2012-2015. Results: Among 451 HIV seropositive cases, the major transmission route of HIV was heterosexual contact, accounting for 92...
August 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842389/usability-of-a-culturally-informed-mhealth-intervention-for-symptoms-of-anxiety-and-depression-feedback-from-young-sexual-minority-men
#12
John B Fleming, Yvette N Hill, Michelle Nicole Burns
BACKGROUND: To date, we are aware of no interventions for anxiety and depression developed as mobile phone apps and tailored to young sexual minority men, a group especially at risk of anxiety and depression. We developed TODAY!, a culturally informed mobile phone intervention for young men who are attracted to men and who have clinically significant symptoms of anxiety or depression. The core of the intervention consists of daily psychoeducation informed by transdiagnostic cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and a set of tools to facilitate putting these concepts into action, with regular mood ratings that result in tailored feedback (eg, tips for current distress and visualizations of mood by context)...
August 25, 2017: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834798/estimated-coverage-to-address-financial-barriers-to-hiv-preexposure-prophylaxis-among-persons-with-indications-for-its-use-united-states-2015
#13
Dawn K Smith, Michelle Van Handel, Rebecca Huggins
BACKGROUND: An estimated 1.2 million American adults engage in sexual and drug use behaviors that place them at significant risk of acquiring HIV infection. Engagement in health care for the provision of daily oral antiretroviral medication as preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP), when clinically indicated, could substantially reduce the number of new HIV infections in these persons. However, resources to cover the financial cost of PrEP care is an anticipated barrier for many of the populations with high numbers of new HIV infections...
August 22, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831618/a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial-of-an-integrated-in-person-and-mobile-phone-delivered-counseling-and-text-messaging-intervention-to-reduce-hiv-transmission-risk-among-male-sex-workers-in-chennai-india
#14
Matthew J Mimiaga, Beena Thomas, Katie Biello, Blake E Johnson, Soumya Swaminathan, Pandiyaraja Navakodi, S Balaguru, A Dhanalakshmi, Elizabeth F Closson, Sunil Menon, Conall O'Cleirigh, Kenneth H Mayer, Steven A Safren
Men who have sex with men (MSM) are at increased risk for HIV infection in India, particularly those who engage in transactional sex with other men (i.e., male sex workers; MSW). Despite the need, HIV prevention efforts for Indian MSW are lacking. As in other settings, MSW in India increasingly rely on the use of mobile phones for sex work solicitation. Integrating mobile phone technology into an HIV prevention intervention for Indian MSW may mitigate some of the challenges associated with face-to face approaches, such as implementation, lack of anonymity, and time consumption, while at the same time proving to be both feasible and useful...
August 22, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825864/changing-attitudes-about-concurrency-among-young-african-americans-results-of-a-radio-campaign
#15
Adaora A Adimora, Victor J Schoenbach, Joan R Cates, Anna B Cope, Catalina Ramirez, Wizdom Powell, Robert P Agans
We created and evaluated an 8-month campaign of provocative radio ads to change attitudes about concurrent (overlapping) sexual partnerships among young African Americans. We created a concurrency attitude scale and compared its score distributions in independent samples of African Americans, ages 18-34 years, interviewed by telephone before (n = 678) and after (n = 479) the campaign. Pre- and post-campaign samples reflected similar response rates (pre: 32.6%; post: 31.8%) and distributions of personal characteristics...
August 2017: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819520/the-ban-on-blood-donation-on-men-who-have-sex-with-men-time-to-rethink-and-reassess-an-outdated-policy
#16
Georgios Karamitros, Nikolaos Kitsos, Ioanna Karamitrou
During the 1980s the HIV/AIDS epidemic outbreak occurred. Due to the high prevalence of the disease on men who had sex with men (MSM) a lifetime ban on blood donations on men who had sex with men (MSM) was implemented. In the recent years, organizations like the European Union (EU) and the World Health Organization (WHO) have established new guidelines introducing the term of "risky sexual behavior" without any reference to the sex orientation of the potential donor, however many countries are hesitant to review the ban on men who had sex with men (MSM)...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817325/hiv-preexposure-prophylaxis-and-condomless-sex-disentangling-personal-values-from-public-health-priorities
#17
Sarah K Calabrese, Kristen Underhill, Kenneth H Mayer
Daily HIV preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is an effective form of HIV protection that remains unknown and inaccessible for many people in the United States despite receiving federal approval over five years ago. PrEP is supported by the public health community, but forgoing condoms while taking PrEP has proven controversial; this controversy may be contributing to the lag in PrEP uptake. We argue that limiting PrEP access based on anticipated or actual sexual behavior contradicts the goals of public health research and practice and is not scientifically justified...
October 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810195/alcohol-use-and-receipt-of-alcohol-screening-and-brief-intervention-in-a-representative-sample-of-sexual-minority-and-heterosexual-adults-receiving-health-care
#18
Keren Lehavot, John R Blosnich, Joseph E Glass, Emily C Williams
BACKGROUND: Despite evidence of alcohol disparities between sexual minority and heterosexual individuals in the general population, research has not examined whether there are disparities in receipt of alcohol screening and brief intervention - together considered one of the highest prevention priorities for US adults. This study examined differences in alcohol use and receipt of alcohol screening and brief intervention across sexual minority status. METHODS: Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System 2014 data from eight US states were used to estimate patterns of alcohol use and receipt of alcohol screening and brief intervention among persons reporting sexual orientation and a checkup in the last two years (N=47,800)...
August 2, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809948/-when-i-first-saw-a-condom-i-was-frightened-a-qualitative-study-of-sexual-behavior-love-and-life-of-young-cross-border-migrants-in-urban-chiang-mai-thailand
#19
Arunrat Tangmunkongvorakul, Patou Masika Musumari, Kriengkrai Srithanaviboonchai, Veruree Manoyos, Teeranee Techasrivichien, S Pilar Suguimoto, Masako Ono-Kihara, Masahiro Kihara, Suwat Chariyalertsak
BACKGROUND: Many young migrant workers move across the border to Chiang Mai, a major city in Northern Thailand, in search of work opportunities. This study describes their sexual behavior, lifestyles, relationships and experiences with youth-friendly sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services. METHODS: This is the qualitative arm of a mixed methods study using focus group discussions (FGDs) among young MWs aged 15-24 years in urban Chiang Mai. We conducted 6 FGDs with 84 participants (43 males, 41 females) organized in groups of 10-15 people, including 3 groups of males, 2 groups of females, and 1 group of both males and females...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805419/creating-space-for-relationships
#20
Susan L Maataoui, Jodi S Hardwick, Tessa S Lundquist
Sexuality is a key component of personality and behavior, encompassing basic human needs for touch, intimacy, love, affection, and sexual behavior. The design of long-term care facilities makes it almost impossible for a resident to be sexually intimate, to share romantic moments, or to have a meal in a private setting. This case study describes the rationale and process used to establish a private guestroom called the Family Room at Patriots Place, the specialized dementia unit in the Veterans Affairs (VA) Maine Healthcare System Community Living Center (CLC)...
August 2017: Psychological Services
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