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Sexual behavior and personality

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332235/do-diary-studies-cause-behavior-change-an-examination-of-reactivity-in-sexual-risk-and-substance-use-in-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#1
Michael E Newcomb, Gregory Swann, David Mohr, Brian Mustanski
Behavioral diaries are frequently used for observing sexual and substance use behaviors, but participating in diary studies may cause behavior change. This study examined change in sexual and substance use behaviors among young men who have sex with men (YMSM) in a two-month diary study compared to control. An analytic sample of 324 YMSM was randomized to receive daily diaries, weekly diaries, or no diaries (control) for 2 months. Half of the diary participants were randomized to receive automated weekly feedback...
January 13, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330640/is-contact-with-children-related-to-legitimizing-beliefs-toward-sex-with-children-among-men-with-pedophilia
#2
Max Geradt, Sara Jahnke, Julia Heinz, Jürgen Hoyer
Among pedophilic men, social contact with children has been discussed as creating a risk situation for sexual abuse. Also, pedophilic men searching for such contact are seen as harboring more beliefs legitimizing sexual contact with children. However, social contact may also decrease false beliefs. We tested these competing views in an anonymous Internet survey with a non-forensic, non-clinical sample of 104 self-classified pedophilic men. Results showed that both increased social and physical contact were significantly linked to fewer legitimizing beliefs toward sex with children, even when controlling for past psychotherapy, educational level, social desirability, and age...
January 12, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318503/university-students-knowledge-attitudes-and-sources-of-information-about-zika-virus
#3
Ashley N Plaster, Julia E Painter, Dylan H Tjersland, Kathryn H Jacobsen
Colleges and universities are valuable partners for community health education outreach targeted to young adults. After the outbreak of Zika virus infection in the Americas was declared to be a Public Health Emergency of International Concern on February 1, 2016, postsecondary institutions played an important role in educating at-risk communities about health promotion and disease prevention strategies. In April 2016, we recruited 613 undergraduate students from a large public university to complete a survey about their Zika-related knowledge, attitudes, and information seeking behaviors...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316885/cash-transfer-interventions-for-sexual-health-meanings-and-experiences-of-adolescent-males-and-females-in-inner-city-johannesburg
#4
Nomhle Khoza, Jonathan Stadler, Catherine MacPhail, Admire Chikandiwa, Heena Brahmbhatt, Sinead Delany-Moretlwe
BACKGROUND: In sub-Saharan Africa, there is growing interest in the use of cash transfer (CT) programs for HIV treatment and prevention. However, there is limited evidence of the consequences related to CT provision to adolescents in low-resourced urban settings. We explored the experiences of adolescents receiving CTs to assess the acceptability and unintended consequences of CT strategies in urban Johannesburg, South Africa. METHODS: We collected qualitative data during a pilot randomized controlled trial of three CT strategies (monthly payments unconditional vs...
January 10, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316797/disparities-in-hiv-viral-load-suppression-by-race-ethnicity-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-the-hiv-outpatient-study
#5
Kate Buchacz, Carl Armon, E Tedaldi, Frank J Palella, Richard M Novak, Douglas Ward, Rachel Hart, Marcus Durham, John Brooks
INTRODUCTION: Maximizing the rates of virologic suppression (VS) among gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM) is essential to limiting HIV morbidity and sexual transmission of HIV in the United States. METHODS: We analyzed data for MSM of non-Hispanic white (white), non-Hispanic black (black) or Hispanic/Latino race/ethnicity in the HIV Outpatient Study (HOPS) at nine U.S. HIV clinics. VS (HIV RNA < 50 copies/mL) was measured closest to January 1, 2015...
January 9, 2018: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311552/poppers-use-and-sexual-partner-concurrency-increase-the-hiv-incidence-of-msm-a-24-month-prospective-cohort-survey-in-shenyang-china
#6
Zhen-Xing Chu, Jun-Jie Xu, Yong-Hui Zhang, Jing Zhang, Qing-Hai Hu, Ke Yun, Hong-Yi Wang, Yong-Jun Jiang, Wen-Qing Geng, Hong Shang
The use of poppers is highly prevalent in MSM, but little is known about the association between their use and HIV incidence in China. A prospective cohort study was conducted from 2011 to 2013 in MSM in Shenyang. 475(79.6%) of eligible HIV-negative MSM participated in this prospective survey and near one fourth MSM (23.4%) ever used poppers. About one-third of the participants had condomless anal intercourse, half had multiple sexual partners and 10.5% were syphilis positive. The HIV incidence densities were15...
January 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300994/sexual-orientation-discrimination-and-tobacco-use-disparities-in-the-united-states
#7
Sean Esteban McCabe, Tonda L Hughes, Alicia K Matthews, Joseph G L Lee, Brady T West, Carol J Boyd, Cynthia Arslanian-Engoren
Introduction: Differences in tobacco/nicotine use by sexual orientation are well documented. Development of interventions requires attention to the etiology of these differences. This study examined associations among sexual orientation discrimination, cigarette smoking, any tobacco/nicotine use, and DSM-5 tobacco use disorder (TUD) in the U.S. Methods: We used data from the 2012-2013 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions based on in-person interviews with a nationally representative sample of non-institutionalized U...
December 30, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300099/sexual-risk-among-african-american-girls-seeking-psychiatric-care-a-social-personal-framework
#8
Geri Donenberg, Erin Emerson, Mary Ellen Mackesy-Amiti, Faith Fletcher
OBJECTIVE: This study examined individual and social factors associated with sexual risk behavior among African American girls seeking outpatient mental health services across 2 years and key developmental transitions. METHOD: African American females 12-16 years old (M = 14.5; SD = 1.15; n = 266) were recruited from eight outpatient mental health clinics and completed interviewer-administered and computer-assisted measures at baseline, 12, and 24 months. Analyses tested individual attributes (externalizing and internalizing problems) and family context (maternal acceptance-rejection, mother-daughter communication about sex) at baseline, peer influences (peer support of substance use, girlfriend dating behavior) and partner relationship characteristics (rejection sensitivity, partner risk communication frequency and openness) at 12 months, and girls' sexual behavior at 24 months...
January 2018: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299791/exploring-the-sexual-development-experiences-of-black-bisexual-male-adolescents-over-time
#9
Anthony Morgan, Brianna Saunders, Brian Dodge, Gary Harper, Renata Arrington Sanders
Scant research has sought to explore the development of dimensions of sexual orientation among Black bisexual male adolescents (BBMA). Understanding how sexual attractions, behaviors, and identities evolve among BBMA over time is crucial to understanding the most appropriate support strategies to provide during this developmental period. We sought to understand and describe the sexual orientation development experiences in a sample of BBMA over the course of 1 year. We further sought to understand the sociocontextual factors that may play a role during this development process...
January 3, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299208/the-relationship-between-personality-disorders-and-the-type-of-crime-committed-and-substance-used-among-prisoners
#10
Shahin Fakhrzadegan, Hossein Gholami-Doon, Bagher Shamloo, Solmaz Shokouhi-Moqhaddam
Background: Prisoners are a vulnerable group within societies, and also threaten society due to their dangerous behavior. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the relationship between prisoners' personality disorders and their crime and substance use. Methods: This was a descriptive-correlational study. The statistical population consisted of all prisoners of Kerman, Iran. Through stratified random sampling, 228 prisoners (114 women and 114 men) were selected as the study subjects...
April 2017: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294991/the-differential-influence-of-drinking-sensation-seeking-and-impulsivity-on-the-perpetration-of-unwanted-sexual-advances-and-sexual-coercion
#11
Emily R Wilhite, Kim Fromme
There are startling rates of sexual coercion across college campuses, underscoring the importance of identifying risk factors and intervening early to prevent perpetration of these unwanted sexual events. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of impulsivity, sensation seeking, and alcohol use on the odds of perpetrating unwanted sexual advances (i.e., forced fondling, kissing, or petting) and sexual coercion (i.e., sexual intercourse through arguments, pressure, or physical force) during the subsequent 6 years...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294975/analyze-this-thematic-analysis-hostility-attribution-of-intent-and-interpersonal-perception-bias
#12
Zhana Karadenizova, Klaus-Peter Dahle
Research suggests that aggressive individuals exhibit a strong tendency to attribute hostile intent to the behavior of others when confronted with an ambiguous social situation. The vignettes method has become a standard procedure to assess hostile attributions. Vignettes represent incomplete ambiguous social stories, in which the subjects experience a negative outcome and are asked to attribute intent to the provocateur's action. This article explores the ways in which subjects perceive ambiguous social situations and other people's intentions, their tendency to refer negative outcome to oneself, and the components defining hostility in the interpersonal relationships...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294881/longitudinal-effects-of-gendered-harassment-perpetration-and-victimization-on-mental-health-outcomes-in-adolescence
#13
Sarah J Rinehart, Dorothy L Espelage, Kristen L Bub
Gendered harassment, including sexual harassment and homophobic name-calling, is prevalent in adolescents and is linked to negative outcomes including depression, anxiety, suicidality, substance abuse, and personal distress. However, much of the extant literature is cross-sectional and rarely are perpetrators of these behaviors included in studies of outcomes. Therefore, the current study examined the effects of longitudinal changes in gendered harassment perpetration and victimization on changes in mental health outcomes among a large sample of early adolescents...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294788/the-impact-of-child-sexual-abuse-discovery-on-caregivers-and-families-a-qualitative-study
#14
Hiu-Fai Fong, Colleen E Bennett, Valerie Mondestin, Philip V Scribano, Cynthia Mollen, Joanne N Wood
In this qualitative study with nonoffending caregivers of suspected child sexual abuse victims, we aimed to explore the perceived impact of sexual abuse discovery on caregivers and their families, and caregivers' attitudes about mental health services for themselves. We conducted semistructured, in-person interviews with 22 nonoffending caregivers of suspected sexual abuse victims <13 years old seen at a child advocacy center in Philadelphia. Interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed, coded, and analyzed using modified grounded theory...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294696/the-role-of-traumatic-childhood-experiences-in-predicting-a-disposition-to-risk-taking-and-aggression-in-turkish-university-students
#15
Hatice Odacı, Çiğdem Berber Çelik
The purpose of this research was to determine whether or not traumatic childhood experiences in childhood predict a disposition to risk-taking and aggression among university students. The participants consisted of 851 students: 477 (56.1%) females and 374 (43.9%) males attending various faculties at the Karadeniz Technical University in Turkey. The Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, Adolescent Risk-Taking Scale, Aggression Questionnaire, and Personal Information Form were used for data collection. The analysis results revealed a positive correlation between traumatic experiences (physical, sexual, emotional maltreatment, and emotional neglect) and risk-taking and aggression...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294645/determinants-of-ethiopian-women-s-attitudes-toward-wife-beating
#16
Eshetu Wencheko, Mekonnen Tadesse
The World Health Organization stipulated that intimate partner violence is one of the most common forms of violence against women and includes physical, sexual, and emotional abuse and controlling behaviors by an intimate partner. Opposition of women against any form of violence at home, beating by their husbands in particular, is a manifestation of readiness to assert their personal rights. This study used data from the 2011 Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey to identify some predictors to determine attitudes of married Ethiopian women toward wife beating...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290640/developmental-assets-and-risky-sexual-behaviors-among-american-indian-youth
#17
Kaylin M Greene, David Eitle, Tamela McNulty Eitle
This study examined the relationship between developmental assets during early and mid-adolescence and early adult sexual behaviors among American Indians using a subsample from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (N = 465). Grounded in an assets framework, the authors explored the protective role of personal, family, school, and community assets as well as cumulative assets for sexual behaviors including early sexual debut, number of sexual partners, and frequency of condom use. The results indicated that certain assets during early and mid-adolescence, such as self-control, family support, and school attachment were protective for various risky sexual behaviors in early adulthood...
January 2018: Journal of Early Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284807/a-clinical-study-of-opioid-substitution-therapy-in-a-tertiary-care-center-of-eastern-india
#18
Satyakam Mohapatra, Mihir Ranjan Nayak, Manaswini Dash
Background: Opioid substitution therapy (OST) is an evidence-based intervention for opiate-dependent persons that replaces illicit drug use with medically prescribed, orally administered opiates such as buprenorphine and methadone. OST reduces HIV risk behaviors and harms associated with injecting opioid. Most of the evidence for OST effectiveness has been generated in middle- and high-income countries where programs are mostly located in dedicated health-care settings; evidence regarding the outcomes of OST programs in low-income countries where OST is often provided in grassroots settings such as drop-in centers is limited...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284294/sex-ed-to-go-a-content-analysis-of-comprehensive-sexual-education-apps
#19
Kerstin M Kalke, Tamar Ginossar, Sayyed Fawad Ali Shah, Andrew J West
Mobile applications ("apps") designed for sexual health education have the potential to reach teens and young adults that are hard to reach through traditional platforms; however, little is known about availability of these apps and their adherence to existing guidelines. Following a search on the two major app stores, data from 2,693 apps were analyzed. Only 697 (25%) addressed sexual health, and only 15 (1%) of apps met inclusion criteria for comprehensive programs and their content was further analyzed. The content of most of these apps narrowly focused on sexually transmitted infections and pregnancy prevention and lacked information on puberty, sexual identity, and personal safety...
December 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276549/heterosexual-casual-sex-and-sti-diagnosis-a-latent-class-analysis
#20
Heidi Ann Lyons
Casual sex is common during the emerging adult life course stage, but little research has taken a person-centered approach to investigate if casual sexual behavior influences STI rates. Using a nationally representative sample and latent class analysis, results showed three distinctive latent classes. Abstainers were the least likely to have an STI, followed by the casual sex experienced, and then the casual sex risk-takers. Once other covariates were included in the model, there was no significant difference between the abstainers and casual sex experienced classes...
2017: International Journal of Sexual Health: Official Journal of the World Association for Sexual Health
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