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Sexual behavior and personality

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782296/sexual-behaviors-attitudes-and-knowledge-about-sexually-transmitted-infections-a-cross-sectional-study-in-romania
#1
Alecsandra Iulia Grad, Simona Corina Senilă, Rodica Cosgarea, Alexandru Dumitru Tataru, Stefan Cristian Vesa, Mihaela Laura Vica, Horea Vladi Matei, Loredana Ungureanu
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are serious public health problems. Little is known about sex knowledge, attitudes, and sexual behaviors among young adults in Romania; an effective preventive campaigns should be based on an appropriate understanding of these factors. The aim of the present study was to obtain data about sexual behavior, attitudes, and knowledge about STIs among university students aged 18-25 in Romania. 3872 persons completed an internet-based questionnaire, advertised on Facebook, regarding sexual behavior, attitudes, and knowledge about STIs from January 28 to February 28, 2016...
April 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779519/sexuality-and-intimacy-in-the-older-adult-woman
#2
REVIEW
Alice L March
In the United States, people older than 65 attend approximately 248 million health care visits each year, or 7 visits per older adult annually. One in every 5 older adults reports recent sexual activity, yet health care professionals do not ask, and patients do not tell when it comes to sexuality. The desire to engage in sex and intimate behaviors to meet important quality-of-life needs is present in people of all ages. Because it is important to communicate in a nonjudgmental manner, health care professionals must first examine their own personal attitudes and values regarding sexuality in older women...
June 2018: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779159/an-etiological-approach-to-sexual-offender-assessment-case-formulation-incorporating-risk-assessment-cafira
#3
REVIEW
Leam A Craig, Martin Rettenberger
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Case formulations (CF) have been the cornerstone of effective practice in clinical psychology since the 1950s and now form one of the core competencies in clinical and forensic assessment. The use of CFs within forensic settings is becoming more relevant when working with offenders who have experienced significant trauma, suffered from personality disorder, and have displayed sexually abusive behavior. Furthermore, most North American and European jurisdictions insist that expert witnesses adopt an idiosyncratic approach to risk assessment and consider the characteristics of the individual as part of a wider formulation of the problem behavior...
May 19, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777665/acceptability-and-feasibility-of-a-sexual-health-intervention-for-young-adult-black-women
#4
Tiffany M Montgomery, Vickie M Mays, MarySue V Heilemann, Adey Nyamathi, Jose A Bauermeister, Deborah Koniak-Griffin
OBJECTIVE: To assess the acceptability and feasibility of S2S, a newly adapted behavior intervention to address high-risk sexual behavior. DESIGN: Pilot randomized controlled trial. SETTING: The Internet and text messages with no in-person interactions. PARTICIPANTS: Eighty-eight Black women, ages 18 to 24 years, were randomly assigned to the intervention or control groups and self-enrolled in the respective text message program...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765310/economic-holobiont-influence-of-parasites-microbiota-and-chemosignals-on-economic-behavior
#5
Petr Houdek
The article is a perspective on utilization of microorganisms and chemosignals in studying human economic behavior. Research in biological roots of economic development has already confirmed that parasitic pressure influenced the creation and development of cultural norms and institutions. However, other effects of microorganisms on human groups and individual decision-making and behavior are heavily understudied. The perspective discusses how parasitic infections, sexually transmitted organisms and microbiota (i...
2018: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759915/social-interaction-anxiety-and-personality-traits-predicting-engagement-in-health-risk-sexual-behaviors
#6
Ryan L Rahm-Knigge, Mark A Prince, Bradley T Conner
Individuals with social interaction anxiety, a facet of social anxiety disorder, withdraw from or avoid social encounters and generally avoid risks. However, a subset engages in health risk sexual behavior (HRSB). Because sensation seeking, emotion dysregulation, and impulsivity predict engagement in HRSB among adolescents and young adults, the present study hypothesized that latent classes of social interaction anxiety and these personality traits would differentially predict likelihood of engagement in HRSB...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759017/aggression-and-helping-as-responses-to-same-sex-and-opposite-sex-rejection-in-men-and-women
#7
Joanna Rajchert, Karolina Konopka, Paweł Boguszewski
Research shows that interpersonal rejection increases aggression and decreases helping toward the rejecter. Based on the assumptions of the evolutionary approach, it was hypothesized that aggression would be higher and helping would be lower after rejection by a same-sex rather than an opposite-sex other. Moreover, it was predicted that the effect for aggression would be stronger in men, and the effect for helping would be stronger in women. Participants ( N = 100) were rejected or accepted by a same- or opposite-sex person, and later aggression and helping were measured using the tangram Help-Hurt task...
April 2018: Evolutionary Psychology: An International Journal of Evolutionary Approaches to Psychology and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752574/a-moderated-mediation-model-of-parent-child-communication-risk-taking-alcohol-consumption-and-sexual-experience-in-early-adulthood
#8
Cassandra Alexopoulos, Jaeho Cho
The relationship between risk-taking personality and health-risk behaviors has been widely established, where people who like to take risks are more likely to engage in risky sexual behaviors such as having multiple casual partners and having unprotected sex. Drawing on a national U.S. sample from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, the present study examined the relationship between risk-taking personality and sexual experience among adults in early adulthood, and the role of family (parent-child) communication in moderating this relationship...
May 11, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749310/biological-and-psychological-influences-of-cross-sex-hormone-in-transgender
#9
Ling Shiao Ling, Hatta Sidi, Raja Adam Raja Lope, Srijit Das, Azlin Baharudin
Transgender is a complex state of bio-psycho-social dimension of human sexuality. It encompasses cognitive-emotional-behavior component that makes the person unique in his or her sexual expression. Transgender tend to use cross sex hormone in order to eradicate their secondary sexual characteristics and to facilitate the shift to their experienced gender. The common masculinising sex hormone use, i.e. Female to Male Treatment Options (FMTO) is testosterone and for feminising hormone i.e. Male to Female Treatment Options (MFTO) is a combination of estrogen with anti-androgen, respectively...
May 11, 2018: Current Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748899/implementing-a-coach-delivered-dating-violence-prevention-program-with-high-school-athletes
#10
Maria Catrina D Jaime, Heather L McCauley, Daniel J Tancredi, Michele R Decker, Jay G Silverman, Brian O'Connor, Elizabeth Miller
Teen dating violence and sexual violence are severe public health problems. Abusive behaviors within the context of dating or romantic relationships are associated with adverse health outcomes. Promoting positive bystander intervention and increasing knowledge of abusive behaviors are promising strategies for preventing dating and sexual violence. Coaching Boys Into Men (CBIM) is an evidence-based, athletic coach-delivered dating violence prevention program that has been shown to increase positive bystander behaviors and reduce abuse perpetration among high school male athletes...
May 10, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747340/-the-impact-of-male-circumcision-on-the-natural-history-of-genital-hpv-infection-a-prospective-cohort-study
#11
F X Wei, M Guo, X J Ma, Y Huang, Y Zheng, L Wang, Y Sun, S J Zhuang, K Yin, Y Y Su, S J Huang, M Q Li, T Wu, J Zhang
Objective: To analyze the correlation between circumcision and incidence and clearance of male genital HPV infection. Methods: From May to July 2014, 18-55 year old men who had sexual behavior history were recruited from the general population in Liuzhou, Guangxi to set up a cohort. Totally, 113 circumcised and 560 uncircumcised men were enrolled and interviewed using a questionnaire (including information on demographic characteristics and sexual behaviors), then they were followed-up with 6-month interval for 2 times...
May 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745689/shame-predicts-revictimization-in-victims-of-childhood-violence-a-prospective-study-of-a-general-norwegian-population-sample
#12
Helene Flood Aakvaag, Siri Thoresen, Ida Frugård Strøm, Mia Myhre, Ole Kristian Hjemdal
OBJECTIVE: Victims of childhood violence often experience new victimization in adult life. However, risk factors for such revictimization are poorly understood. In this longitudinal study, we investigated whether violence-related shame and guilt were associated with revictimization. METHOD: Young adults (age = 17-35) exposed to childhood violence (n = 505) were selected from a (Country) population study of 6,589 persons (Wave 1), and reinterviewed by telephone 12-18 months later (Wave 2)...
May 10, 2018: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741446/high-prevalence-of-inconsistent-condom-use-with-regular-female-sex-partners-among-heterosexual-male-sexually-transmitted-disease-patients-in-southern-china
#13
Zixin Wang, Ligang Yang, Hui Jiang, Shujie Huang, Allison E Palmar, Lu Ma, Joseph T F Lau
(100 words) This study was to investigate prevalence of and factors associated with inconsistent condom use with regular female sex partners (RP) among heterosexual male STD patients (MSTDP) in China. We interviewed 413 MSTDP who had had sex with at least one RP and received a diagnosis within the past one week to six months. The prevalence of inconsistent condom use with RP was 42.9% since STD diagnosis. Associated factors included perceptions related to condom use based on the Theory of Planned Behavior, regret about the decision of having unprotected sex with RP and perceived personal partners' responsibility of using condoms...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739282/young-people-who-display-harmful-sexual-behaviors-and-their-families-a-qualitative-systematic-review-of-their-experiences-of-professional-interventions
#14
Fiona Campbell, Andrew Booth, Simon Hackett, Anthea Sutton
It is estimated that 30-50% of all childhood sexual abuse involves other young people as perpetrators. The treatment of harmful sexual behavior (HSB) in young people has evolved from interventions developed for use with adult perpetrators of sexual offenses. Increasingly, these approaches were not seen as appropriate for use with young people. The purpose of this qualitative systematic review was to establish what intervention components are viewed as acceptable or useful by young people and their families in order to inform the development of interventions for young people with HSB...
January 1, 2018: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737272/zika-virus-prevention-u-s-travelers-knowledge-risk-perceptions-and-behavioral-intentions-a-national-survey
#15
Linda Squiers, James Herrington, Bridget Kelly, Carla Bann, Sylvia Becker-Dreps, Lola Stamm, Mihaela Johnson, Lauren McCormack
Limited data exist about U.S. travelers' knowledge, risk perceptions, and behaviors related to the Zika virus (ZIKV). Using an internet research panel, in March 2017, we surveyed 1,202 Americans in the continental United States and Puerto Rico who planned to travel to a Zika-affected country, state, or U.S. territory in 2017. We compared levels of knowledge and perceived risk of ZIKV, and intentions to practice ZIKV prevention behaviors across respondents from three regions: Puerto Rico, at-risk states, and other states...
May 7, 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709622/adverse-childhood-experiences-and-young-adult-health-outcomes-among-youth-aging-out-of-foster-care
#16
Rebecca Rebbe, Paula S Nurius, Mark E Courtney, Kym R Ahrens
OBJECTIVE: Former youth in foster care (YFC) are at greater risk of chronic health conditions than their peers. Although research in general population samples has demonstrated a dose-response relationship between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and adult health outcomes, few studies have conducted similar analyses in highly stress-exposed populations such as YFC. This paper uses person-centered latent class analysis (LCA) methods to examine the relationship between different profiles of ACE exposures and divergent health trajectories amongst this high-risk population...
April 27, 2018: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691205/developing-sustainable-and-impactful-mobile-phone-hiv-testing-interventions-for-spanish-speaking-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-the-united-states-lessons-learned-from-informative-interviews
#17
Jason Mitchell, Maria Beatriz Torres, Lucy Asmar, Thu Danh, Keith J Horvath
BACKGROUND: Although many men who have sex with men (MSM) test for HIV at least once in their lifetime, opportunities to improve regular HIV testing, particularly among Hispanic or Latino MSM, is needed. Many mHealth interventions in development, including the ones on HIV testing, have primarily focused on English-speaking white, black, and MSM of other races. To date, no studies have assessed app use, attitudes, and motivations for downloading and sustaining use of mobile apps and preferences with respect to HIV prevention among Spanish-speaking, Hispanic MSM in the United States...
April 24, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688270/risk-factors-and-incidence-of-syphilis-in-hiv-infected-persons-the-hiv-outpatient-study-1999-2015
#18
Richard M Novak, Abdelhamid Ghanem, Rachel Hart, Douglas Ward, Carl Armon, Kate Buchacz
Background: Since 2000, the incidence of syphilis has been increasing, especially among gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men (MSM) in the United States (U.S.). We assessed temporal trends and associated risk factors for newly diagnosed syphilis infections among HIV-infected patients during a 16-year period. Methods: We analyzed data from the HIV Outpatient Study (HOPS) cohort participants seen at ten U.S. HIV clinics during 1999 - 2015. New syphilis cases were defined based on laboratory parameters and clinical diagnoses...
April 24, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683081/self-blame-and-ptsd-following-sexual-assault-a-longitudinal-analysis
#19
Nora K Kline, Danielle S Berke, Charla A Rhodes, Maria M Steenkamp, Brett T Litz
Sexual assault is a prevalent trauma associated with high rates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Social,cognitive theories posit that behavioral self-blame (i.e., attributing the cause of the assault to personal peri-event behavior) contributes to the etiology and maintenance of PTSD symptoms. Yet the direction of the association between self-blame and PTSD symptoms in the acute aftermath of sexual assault is unknown. This study evaluated temporal pathways between behavioral self-blame and PTSD symptom severity in an epidemiological sample of sexual assault survivors ( n = 126) assessed at four time points in the months immediately following the assault...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679637/recent-stimulant-use-and-leukocyte-gene-expression-in-methamphetamine-users-with-treated-hiv-infection
#20
Adam W Carrico, Annesa Flentje, Kord Kober, Sulggi Lee, Peter Hunt, Elise D Riley, Steven Shoptaw, R N Elena Flowers, Samantha E Dilworth, Savita Pahwa, Bradley E Aouizerat
Stimulant use may accelerate HIV disease progression through biological and behavioral pathways. However, scant research with treated HIV-positive persons has examined stimulant-associated alterations in pathophysiologic processes relevant to HIV pathogenesis. In a sample of 55 HIV-positive, methamphetamine-using sexual minority men with a viral load less than 200 copies/mL, we conducted RNA sequencing to examine patterns of leukocyte gene expression in participants who had a urine sample that was reactive for stimulants (n = 27) as compared to those who tested non-reactive (n = 28)...
April 18, 2018: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
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