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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426251/current-concepts-of-the-anterolateral-ligament-of-the-knee-anatomy-biomechanics-and-reconstruction
#1
Matthew J Kraeutler, K Linnea Welton, Jorge Chahla, Robert F LaPrade, Eric C McCarty
In 1879, Paul Segond described an avulsion fracture (now known as a Segond fracture) at the anterolateral proximal tibia with the presence of a fibrous band at the location of this fracture. Although references to this ligament were occasionally made in the anatomy literature after Segond's discovery, it was not until 2012 that Vincent et al named this ligament what we know it as today, the anterolateral ligament (ALL) of the knee. The ALL originates near the lateral epicondyle of the distal femur and inserts on the proximal tibia near Gerdy's tubercle...
April 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426243/analysis-of-2019-patients-undergoing-revision-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-from-a-community-based-registry
#2
Afshin Arianjam, Maria C S Inacio, Tadashi T Funahashi, Gregory B Maletis
BACKGROUND: Knowledge of patient characteristics, surgical fixation, graft choice, outcomes, and concurrent injuries of revision anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) is limited. PURPOSE: To describe the current cohort of revision ACLR captured by a community registry and the outcomes observed in the registered patients. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4. METHODS: Patients who underwent revision ACLR registered between February 2005 and June 2014, by 200 surgeons in 46 hospitals, were evaluated...
April 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424481/the-first-genome-wide-association-study-identifying-new-susceptibility-loci-for-obstetric-antiphospholipid-syndrome
#3
Mayumi Sugiura-Ogasawara, Yosuke Omae, Minae Kawashima, Licht Toyo-Oka, Seik-Soon Khor, Hiromi Sawai, Tetsuya Horita, Tatsuya Atsumi, Atsuko Murashima, Daisuke Fujita, Tomio Fujita, Shinji Morimoto, Eriko Morishita, Shinji Katsuragi, Tamao Kitaori, Kinue Katano, Yasuhiko Ozaki, Katsushi Tokunaga
Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is the most important treatable cause of recurrent pregnancy loss. The live birth rate is limited to only 70-80% in patients with APS undergoing established anticoagulant therapy. Lupus anticoagulant (LA), but not anticardiolipin antibody (aCL), was found to predict adverse pregnancy outcome. Recent genome-wide association studies (GWAS) of APS focusing on aCL have shown that several molecules may be involved. This is the first GWAS for obstetric APS focusing on LA. A GWAS was performed to compare 115 Japanese patients with obstetric APS, diagnosed according to criteria of the International Congress on APS, and 419 healthy individuals...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420082/can-early-rehabilitation-prevent-posttraumatic-osteoarthritis-in-the-patellofemoral-joint-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-rupture-understanding-the-pathological-features
#4
Nai-Jen Chang, Ming-You Shie, Kuan-Wei Lee, Pei-Hsi Chou, Chih-Chan Lin, Chih-Jou Chu
Knee instability resulting from anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture is a high-risk factor for posttraumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA) in the patellofemoral joint (PFJ). However, whether non-weight-bearing and weight-bearing treatments have chondroprotective effects remains unclear. Twenty-four adult New Zealand White male rabbits were employed in this study. All animals received ACL transection in the right knee and sham surgery in the left knee. The rabbits were randomly assigned to the following groups: (I) In the sedentary (SED) group, the rabbits (n = 6) were simply kept in their cage; (II) In the continuous passive motion (CPM) group, the rabbits (n = 6) performed CPM exercise for 7 days, starting from the first postoperative day; (III) In the active treadmill exercise (TRE) group, the rabbits (n = 6) performed TRE for 2 weeks; (IV) In the CPM + TRE group, the rabbits (n = 6) executed CPM exercise, followed by TRE...
April 14, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419808/outcomes-after-1-stage-versus-2-stage-revision-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#5
Justin J Mitchell, Jorge Chahla, Chase S Dean, Mark Cinque, Lauren M Matheny, Robert F LaPrade
BACKGROUND: Revision anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) is becoming increasingly common as the number of primary ACLR cases continues to rise. Despite this, there are limited data on the outcomes of revision ACLR and even less information specifically addressing the differences in 1-stage revision reconstruction versus those performed in a 2-stage fashion after primary reconstruction. PURPOSE: To compare the outcomes, patient satisfaction, and failure rates of 1-stage versus 2-stage revision ACLR...
April 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408164/comparison-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-volume-after-anatomic-double-bundle-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#6
Byung Hoon Lee, Rajat Jangir, Hun Yeong Kim, Jung Min Shin, Minho Chang, Kwon Kim, Joon Ho Wang
BACKGROUD: To determine whether anatomic double-bundle anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (DB-ACLR) can restore the native ACL volume, and whether the volume change after reconstruction affects clinical outcomes and re-rupture rates following the contemporary techniques. METHODS: Eighty patients undergoing anatomic DB-ACLR using transportal or outside-in technique were prospectively evaluated with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) before and after surgery...
April 10, 2017: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401195/live-birth-pregnancy-outcome-after-first-in-vitro-fertilization-treatment-in-a-patient-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-and-isolated-high-positive-iga-anti-%C3%AE-2glycoprotein-i-antibodies-a-case-report
#7
Hristina Andreeva, Marit Seip, Stanislava Koycheva
IgA anti-β2glycoprotein I antibodies (IgA-anti-β2GPI) seems to be the most prevalent isotype in patients with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) with a significant association to thrombotic events. Both SLE and antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) can be associated with implantation failure, fetal loss and obstetric complications. Recent reports highlight the clinical value of IgA-anti-β2GPI determination in supporting in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment and IVF pregnancy outcomes. We report a 36-year-old female diagnosed with SLE, endometriosis and unexplained infertility...
January 2017: Open Medicine (Warsaw, Poland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400662/early-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-can-save-meniscus-without-any-complications
#8
Chang-Ik Hur, Eun-Kyoo Song, Sung-Kyu Kim, Seung-Hun Lee, Jong-Keun Seon
BACKGROUND: Early ACL reconstruction, before retuning to activity eliminates recurrent episodes of instability and thereby decreases chances of meniscal and cartilage injury. However, there are no clear and uniform guidelines regarding the timing of ACL reconstruction or clarity in the definition of early and delayed reconstruction to reduce the complications after reconstruction in the ACL injured knee. The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical outcome, stability, muscle power, and postural control after early and delayed anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399324/comparison-of-anteromedial-and-transtibial-acl-reconstruction-using-expandable-fixation
#9
Omer Ozel, Bulent Yucel, Osman Orman, Emre Demircay, Serhat Mutlu
The influence of anatomical or nonanatomical femoral tunnel position on tunnel widening and clinical outcomes in patients undergoing anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is not fully understood. This retrospective study examined the influence of tunnel width and placement on anterior knee stability and clinical outcomes after ACL reconstruction using the AperFix System (Cayenne Medical Inc, Scottsdale, Arizona), a direct expandable fixation technique with autologous hamstring grafts. The records of 80 patients (79 men and 1 woman) who underwent ACL reconstruction were evaluated...
April 11, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389757/can-the-outside-in-half-tunnel-technique-reduce-femoral-tunnel-widening-in-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-ct-study
#10
Riccardo Maria Lanzetti, Domenico Lupariello, Angelo De Carli, Edoardo Monaco, Matteo Guzzini, Mattia Fabbri, Antonio Vadalà, Andrea Ferretti
BACKGROUND: There are different techniques for drilling the femoral tunnel in the anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR), but their influence in the bone tunnel enlargement in unknown. The purpose of this study was to compare two different surgical techniques for evaluating femoral tunnel enlargement in ACLR. The hypothesis was that tunnel placement using the outside-in technique leads to less tunnel enlargement compared to the transtibial technique. METHODS: Forty-four patients treated for ACLR between March 2013 and March 2014 were prospectively enrolled in this study...
April 7, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387150/improving-acl-reconstruction-outcomes
#11
Kevin E Wilk, Kurt P Spindler, Eric McCarty, Dustin Grooms, Karin Grävare Silbernagel
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is a common and predominantly successful surgical intervention. But are there specific preoperative patient characteristics or intraoperative surgeon decisions that lead to better or worse outcomes? And can understanding brain function changes of patients after ACL reconstruction reveal insights into the ways that postsurgical rehabilitation can be improved to further enhance outcomes? These intriguing and clinically applicable questions are addressed in this webinar titled "Improving ACL Reconstruction Outcomes," hosted jointly by JOSPT and JBJS...
March 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383764/risk-factors-for-radiographic-joint-space-narrowing-and-patient-reported-outcomes-of-post-traumatic-osteoarthritis-after-acl-reconstruction-data-from-the-moon-cohort
#12
Morgan H Jones, Kurt P Spindler
The Multicenter Orthopaedic Outcomes Network (MOON) is an NIH-funded prospective, longitudinal cohort of over 3500 patients who have undergone anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) by 14 sports medicine surgeons at 7 academic medical centers. Patient reported outcome questionnaires (PRO's) are completed at baseline and multiple timepoints after surgery, and a nested cohort of patients return for radiographs to assess the development of joint space changes. We review the risk factors for worse patient reported outcomes, the predictors of clinically significant symptoms of post-traumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA), and the factors associated with more radiographic joint space narrowing...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383436/clinical-outcomes-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-using-lars-artificial-graft-with-an-at-least-7-year-follow-up
#13
Zhenyu Jia, Chenchen Xue, Wei Wang, Tianze Liu, Xuan Huang, Weidong Xu
The aim of our study was to assess the medium-term clinical outcomes of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction using the Ligament Advanced Reinforcement System (LARS) artificial ligament.A total of 168 patients who underwent arthroscopic ACL reconstruction with the LARS artificial ligament in our department were enrolled in our research. Only 125 met the inclusion/exclusion criteria, and 91 could ultimately be contacted to participate in our research. The mean follow-up was 92 ± 19 months. Physical examinations and a KT-1000 arthrometer were used to evaluate knee laxity...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378509/hamstring-to-quadriceps-fatigue-ratio-offers-new-and-different-muscle-function-information-than-the-conventional-non-fatigued-ratio
#14
Matheus Daros Pinto, Anthony J Blazevich, Lars L Andersen, Pedro Mil-Homens, Ronei Silveira Pinto
Commonly used injury risk prediction tests such as the hamstring-to-quadriceps (H:Q) strength ratio appear to be poor predictors of non-contact injury. However, these tests are typically performed in a non-fatigued state, despite accumulated fatigue being an important risk factor for both hamstring strain (HS) and anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries in professional soccer players PURPOSE: To examine the influence of neuromuscular fatigue on the H:Q strength ratio and the association between fatigued and non-fatigued ratio scores, after the effect of different H:Q calculation methods were compared and contrasted METHODS: Thirty-five professional soccer players performed a 30-repetition isokinetic fatigue test protocol...
April 4, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378009/the-utility-of-bicruciate-retaining-total-knee-arthroplasty
#15
Feroz A Osmani, Savyasachi C Thakkar, Kristopher Collins, Ran Schwarzkopf
BACKGROUND: We describe the features of modern and historical bicruciate-retaining (BCR) total knee arthroplasty (TKA) implants compared with other TKA implant designs, reviewing kinematics, proprioception, operative technique, and clinical results. METHODS: We performed a review based on PubMed, Embase, CINAHL Plus, and Cochrane databases from January 1990 to April 2016 using combinations of the following keywords: "bicruciate-retaining arthroplasty," "bicruciate-retaining total knee arthroplasty," "bicruciate-retaining TKA," "kinematics," "knee kinematics," and "TKA kinematics...
March 2017: Arthroplasty Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377296/mechanical-chest-compressions-improve-rate-of-return-of-spontaneous-circulation-and-allow-for-initiation-of-percutaneous-circulatory-support-during-cardiac-arrest-in-the-cardiac-catheterization-laboratory
#16
Joseph M Venturini, Elizabeth Retzer, J Raider Estrada, Janet Friant, David Beiser, Dana Edelson, Jonathan Paul, John Blair, Sandeep Nathan, Atman P Shah
BACKGROUND: Performing advanced cardiac life support (ACLS) in the cardiac catheterization laboratory (CCL) is challenging. Mechanical chest compression (MCC) devices deliver compressions in a small space, allowing for simultaneous percutaneous coronary intervention and reduced radiation exposure to rescuers. In refractory cases, MCC devices allow rescuers to initiate percutaneous mechanical circulatory support (MCS) and extracorporeal life support (ECLS) during resuscitation. This study sought to assess the efficacy and safety of MCC when compared to manual compressions in the CCL...
April 2, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373946/anteromedial-portal-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-with-tibialis-anterior-allograft
#17
Steven Shamah, Daniel Kaplan, Eric J Strauss, Brian Singh
In an effort to better restore normal joint function and kinematics, recent emphasis has been placed on surgical techniques that provide a more anatomic reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). With femoral tunnel placement shown to play a vital role in the biomechanics, stability, and clinical outcomes after ACL reconstruction, approaches that better approximate the ACL's native femoral origin have been adopted. The independent anteromedial portal technique is thought to better position the femoral tunnel within the native ACL footprint and leave the graft more posteroinferior on the wall of the lateral femoral condyle than the more traditional transtibial approach...
February 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373139/actifit%C3%A2-polyurethane-meniscal-scaffold-mri-and-functional-outcomes-after-a-minimum-follow-up-of-5-years
#18
A Leroy, P Beaufils, B Faivre, C Steltzlen, P Boisrenoult, N Pujol
BACKGROUND: Implantation of the Actifit® polyurethane meniscal scaffold in patients who have pain after partial meniscectomy provides short-term pain relief and better function. But there is a lack of information about medium-term outcomes. The objective of this longitudinal study was to evaluate the MRI and functional outcomes after a minimum follow-up of 5 years. It was hypothesized that the results are stable over time. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fifteen consecutive patients (8 men, 7 women; mean age 30 years, range 19-47, mean BMI 25) were enrolled in the study between February 2008 and January 2011...
March 31, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365070/clinical-outcome-of-primary-medial-collateral-ligament-posteromedial-corner-repair-with-or-without-staged-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#19
Vivek Pandey, Vikrant Khanna, Sandesh Madi, Anshul Tripathi, Kiran Acharya
INTRODUCTION: Medial collateral ligament (MCL) is a prime valgus stabilizer of the knee, and MCL tears are currently managed conservatively. However, posteromedial corner (PMC) injury along with MCL tear is not same as isolated MCL tear and the former is more serious injury and requires operative attention. However, literature is scarce about the management and outcome of PMC-MCL tear alongside anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tear. The purpose of this study is to report the clinical outcome of primary repair of MCL and PMC with or without staged ACL reconstruction...
March 22, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364321/satisfactory-outcomes-following-combined-unicompartmental-knee-replacement-and-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#20
REVIEW
Andrea Volpin, S G Kini, D E Meuffels
PURPOSE: There exist limited options for treatment of patients with combined medial compartment arthritis and anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) deficiency. Ideal treatment is one that offers lasting relief of symptoms not compromising any future surgery. Unicompartmental knee replacement has shown consistently good results in the relatively young and active population, but there is a high reported incidence of failure up to 20%, if performed in ACL-deficient knees. One of the recognized treatment modality is combined ACL reconstruction and unicompartmental arthroplasty...
March 31, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
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