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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724103/nematode-community-response-to-green-infrastructure-design-in-a-semiarid-city
#1
Mitchell A Pavao-Zuckerman, Christine Sookhdeo
Urbanization affects ecosystem function and environmental quality through shifts in ecosystem fluxes that are brought on by features of the built environment. Green infrastructure (GI) has been suggested as a best management practice (BMP) to address urban hydrologic and ecological impacts of the built environment, but GI practice has only been studied from a limited set of climatic conditions and disciplinary approaches. Here, we evaluate GI features in a semiarid city from the perspective of soil ecology through the application of soil nematode community analysis...
May 2017: Journal of Environmental Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717900/elements-of-program-design-in-medicare-s-value-based-and-alternative-payment-models-a-narrative-review
#2
Karen E Joynt Maddox, Aditi P Sen, Lok Wong Samson, Rachael B Zuckerman, Nancy DeLew, Arnold M Epstein
Increasing emphasis on value in health care has spurred the development of value-based and alternative payment models. Inherent in these models are choices around program scope (broad vs. narrow); selecting absolute or relative performance targets; rewarding improvement, achievement, or both; and offering penalties, rewards, or both. We examined and classified current Medicare payment models-the Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program (HRRP), Hospital Value-Based Purchasing Program (HVBP), Hospital-Acquired Conditions Reduction Program (HACRP), Medicare Advantage Quality Star Rating program, Physician Value-Based Payment Modifier (VM) and its successor, the Merit-Based Incentive Payment System (MIPS), and the Medicare Shared Savings Program (MSSP) on these elements of program design and reviewed the literature to place findings in context...
July 17, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716694/-isolated-long-thoracic-nerve-palsy-more-than-meets-the-eye
#3
Andrés A Maldonado, Scott L Zuckerman, B Matthew Howe, Michelle L Mauermann, Robert J Spinner
INTRODUCTION: Two main hypotheses have been proposed for the pathophysiology of long thoracic nerve (LTN) palsy: nerve compression and nerve inflammation. We hypothesized that critical reinterpretation of electrodiagnostic (EDX) studies and MRIs of patients with a diagnosis of non-traumatic isolated LTN palsy could provide insight into the pathophysiology and, potentially, the treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of all patients with a diagnosis of non-traumatic isolated LTN palsy and an EDX and brachial plexus or shoulder MRI studies performed at our institution...
June 27, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715290/trainees-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-towards-caring-for-the-substance-exposed-mother-infant-dyad
#4
Davida M Schiff, Barry Zuckerman, Elisha M Wachman, Megan Bair-Merritt
BACKGROUND: As rates of substance use disorder during pregnancy rise, pediatric trainees are increasingly caring for infants with neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS). This study evaluated the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of trainees caring for substance-exposed newborns and their families, comparing differences by level and type of training, and personal experience with addiction or trauma. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of medical students, pediatric, medicine/pediatrics and family medicine residents in 2015-2106...
July 17, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688967/personality-factors-associated-with-resident-performance-results-from-12-accreditation-council-for-graduate-medical-education-accredited-orthopaedic-surgery-programs
#5
Donna Phillips, Kenneth A Egol, Martine C Maculatis, Kathryn S Roloff, Alan M Friedman, Brett Levine, Steven Garfin, Alexandra Schwartz, Robert Sterling, Thomas Kuivila, Steve J Paragioudakis, Joseph D Zuckerman
OBJECTIVES: To understand the personality factors associated with orthopedic surgery resident performance. DESIGN: A prospective, cross-sectional survey of orthopedic surgery faculty that assessed their perceptions of the personality traits most highly associated with resident performance. Residents also completed a survey to determine their specific personality characteristics. A subset of faculty members rated the performance of those residents within their respective program on 5 dimensions...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678036/automated-noninvasive-blood-pressure-monitors-a-food-and-drug-administration-review-perspective
#6
Bradley Quinn, Shawn Forrest, Matthew Hillebrenner, Bram Zuckerman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676624/recurrent-pleural-effusion-secondary-to-a-pancreatic-pleural-fistula-treated-endoscopically
#7
Marco Antonio Bustamante Bernal, Jose Lisandro Gonzalez Martinez, Arleen Ortiz, Marc J Zuckerman
BACKGROUND Pancreatic-pleural fistula (PPF) is an uncommon complication of pancreatitis. Pleural effusions secondary to PPF are caused by fistulization of pancreatic secretions to the thorax derived from the rupture or leakage of a pseudocyst. CASE REPORT We describe the case of a 44-year-old male with recurrent right-sided pleural effusions and alcoholic pancreatitis who presented with epigastric pain and shortness of breath. Pleural fluid analysis revealed an amylase of 7002 U/lt. MRCP showed segmental narrowing and stricture of the proximal main pancreatic duct and an area of walled-off necrosis...
July 5, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673407/estimating-concussion-incidence-using-sports-injury-surveillance-systems-complexities-and-potential-pitfalls
#8
REVIEW
Zachary Y Kerr, Scott L Zuckerman, Johna K Register-Mihalik, Erin B Wasserman, Tamara C Valovich McLeod, Thomas P Dompier, R Dawn Comstock, Stephen W Marshall
Numerous sports injury surveillance systems exist with the capability of tracking concussion incidence data. It is important for the consumers of sport-related concussion data, be they researchers or the public, to have a comprehensive understanding of the strengths and limitations of sports injury surveillance systems. This article discusses issues of system design and analysis that affect the interpretation and understanding of sport-related concussion incidence data from sports injury surveillance systems...
August 2017: Neurologic Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669453/infant-regulatory-problems-and-obesity-in-early-childhood
#9
Elizabeth Peacock-Chambers, Jenny S Radesky, Samantha E Parker, Barry Zuckerman, Julie C Lumeng, Michael Silverstein
OBJECTIVE: Difficult infant temperament is associated with higher weight status in infancy. However, the association of infant temperament, including regulatory capacities, has not been well studied as a possible predictor of future weight status in early childhood. We examined prospective associations of infant regulatory difficulties with obesity in early childhood in a large, diverse cohort. METHODS: We used data from 5750 children in the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort, excluding preterm infants and infants small or large for gestational age...
July 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665679/making-sense-of-advanced-payment-models
#10
Barbara McAneny, Stephen S Grubbs, Walter Birch, Dan Sayam Zuckerman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: American Journal of Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664768/a-biomechanical-comparison-of-the-two-and-four-hole-side-plate-dynamic-hip-screw-in-an-osteoporotic-composite-femur-model
#11
Dominik Rog, Phillip Grigsby, Zachary Hill, William Pinette, Serkan Inceoglu, Lee Zuckerman
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were (1) to compare the axial and torsional stiffness of a dynamic hip screw with a two- and four-hole side-plate in a synthetic model of a healed and stable intertrochanteric femur fracture and (2) to evaluate the load to failure, as well as propensity to peri-implant fracture. METHODS: Fourth-generation synthetic composite femur models, simulating osteoporotic bone, were implanted with 135° dynamic hip screws (DHS) with either a two- or four-hole side-plate with or without a stable intertrochanteric fracture...
May 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658041/utility-of-intraoperative-monitoring-in-the-resection-of-spinal-cord-tumors-an-analysis-by-tumor-location-and-anatomical-region
#12
Nikita Lakomkin, Akshitkumar M Mistry, Scott L Zuckerman, Travis Ladner, Parth Kothari, Nathan John Lee, Blaine Stannard, Raul A Vasquez, Joseph S Cheng
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of institutional data OBJECTIVE.: The aim of this study was to assess the utility of somatosensory-evoked potentials (SSEP) and transcranial electric motor-evoked potentials (MEP) in the resection of spine tumors and evaluate the ability of both single and multi-modal monitoring to predict post-operative neurological deficits. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: While the utility of intraoperative monitoring (IOM) is well established in scoliosis and degenerative surgery, studies in spine tumor patients have been limited...
June 27, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656605/somapacitan-a-once-weekly-reversible-albumin-binding-gh-derivative-in-children-with-gh-deficiency-a-randomized-dose-escalation-trial
#13
Tadej Battelino, Michael Højby Rasmussen, Jean De Schepper, Nehama Zuckerman-Levin, Zoran Gucev, Lars Sävendahl
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety, local tolerability, pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics of escalating single doses of once-weekly somapacitan, a reversible, albumin-binding GH derivative, versus once-daily GH in children with GH deficiency (GHD). DESIGN: Phase 1, randomized, open-label, active-controlled, dose-escalation trial (NCT01973244). PATIENTS: Thirty-two pre-pubertal GH-treated children with GHD were sequentially randomized 3:1 within each of four cohorts to a single dose of somapacitan (0...
June 28, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643529/correlation-between-adenoma-detection-rate-and-novel-quality-indicators-for-screening-colonoscopy-a-proposal-for-quality-measures-tool-kit
#14
Mohamed M Abdelfatah, Sherif Elhanafi, Marc J Zuckerman, Mohamed O Othman
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Adenoma detection rate (ADR) is the most validated quality indicator for colonoscopy. Calculating ADR may not yield information in regards to advanced adenoma detection rate (advanced ADR). In addition, calculating ADR for individual endoscopists cannot distinguish between those who find only one versus more than one adenoma per colonoscopy. Several novel quality indictors were recently proposed to ensure adequate assessment of quality during colonoscopy. Our study aims to determine the correlation between ADR and novel quality indicators...
June 23, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639339/advancing-the-field-of-anti-hla-sensitization-management-prior-to-pediatric-heart-transplantation
#15
EDITORIAL
Warren A Zuckerman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 22, 2017: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637791/store-operated-calcium-entry-suppressed-tgf%C3%AE-1-smad3-signaling-pathway-in-glomerular-mesangial-cells
#16
Sarika Chaudhari, Weizu Li, Yanxia Wang, Hui Jiang, Yuhong Ma, Mark E Davis, Jonathan E Zuckerman, Rong Ma
Our previous study demonstrated that the abundance of extracellular matrix proteins was suppressed by store-operated Ca2+ entry in mesangial cells (MCs). The present study was conducted to investigate the underlying mechanism focused on the transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGFβ1) - Smad3 pathway, a critical pathway for ECM expansion in diabetic kidneys. We hypothesized that SOCE suppressed ECM protein expression by inhibiting this pathway in MCs. In cultured human MCs, we observed that TGFβ1 (5 ng/ml for 15 hours) significantly increased Smad3 phosphorylation as evaluated by immunoblot...
June 21, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635297/medical-students-leading-quality-improvement-a-lean-six-sigma-approach-to-pain-management
#17
David Droullard, Samuel Porter, Anna Zuckerman, Daphne Monie, Judi Brendle, Henry Weil
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Medical Quality: the Official Journal of the American College of Medical Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619439/origin-prevalence-and-response-to-therapy-of-hepatitis-c-virus-genotype-2k-1b-chimeras
#18
Simone Susser, Julia Dietz, Bernhard Schlevogt, Eli Zuckerman, Mira Barak, Valeria Piazzolla, Anita Howe, Holger Hinrichsen, Sandra Passmann, Rasha Daniel, Markus Cornberg, Alessandra Mangia, Stefan Zeuzem, Christoph Sarrazin
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Little is known about the epidemiology and frequency of recombinant HCV genotype 2/1 strains which may represent a challenge for direct antiviral therapy (DAA). METHODS: Consecutive samples from HCV genotype 2 infected patients from Germany, Italy and Israel according to commercial genotyping were re-genotyped by Sanger-based sequencing. Virologic, epidemiological, and phylogenetic analyses including other published chimeras were performed. RESULTS: Sequence analysis of 442 supposed HCV genotype 2 isolates revealed 61 (genotype 2k/1b (n=59), 2a/1b (n=1) or 2b/1a (n=1)) chimeras...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598419/genome-wide-approach-identifies-a-novel-gene-maternal-pre-pregnancy-bmi-interaction-on-preterm-birth
#19
Xiumei Hong, Ke Hao, Hongkai Ji, Shouneng Peng, Ben Sherwood, Antonio Di Narzo, Hui-Ju Tsai, Xin Liu, Irina Burd, Guoying Wang, Yuelong Ji, Deanna Caruso, Guangyun Mao, Tami R Bartell, Zhongyang Zhang, Colleen Pearson, Linda Heffner, Sandra Cerda, Terri H Beaty, M Daniele Fallin, Aviva Lee-Parritz, Barry Zuckerman, Daniel E Weeks, Xiaobin Wang
Preterm birth (PTB) contributes significantly to infant mortality and morbidity with lifelong impact. Few robust genetic factors of PTB have been identified. Such 'missing heritability' may be partly due to gene × environment interactions (G × E), which is largely unexplored. Here we conduct genome-wide G × E analyses of PTB in 1,733 African-American women (698 mothers of PTB; 1,035 of term birth) from the Boston Birth Cohort. We show that maternal COL24A1 variants have a significant genome-wide interaction with maternal pre-pregnancy overweight/obesity on PTB risk, with rs11161721 (PG × E=1...
June 9, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597355/minimal-device-encrustation-on-vesair-intravesical-balloons-in-the-treatment-of-stress-urinary-incontinence-analysis-of-balloons-removed-from-women-in-the-solect-trial
#20
Gommert A van Koeveringe, Stefan De Wachter, Jack M Zuckerman, Giovanni Tommaselli, Michel J de Wildt, Karel C M Everaert, Dirk P J Michielsen, Jean-Jacques Wyndaele
INTRODUCTION: Encrustation of urinary biomaterials is common; however, the incidence of surface deposition on the Vesair(®) intravesical pressure-attenuation balloon has not been previously reported. The purpose of this analysis is to determine the incidence and potential risk factors for encrustation of the Vesair intravesical balloon. METHODS: The SOLECT trial is a prospective randomized controlled trial conducted at several European centers to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the Vesair balloon for the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence (SUI)...
June 9, 2017: Advances in Therapy
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