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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915908/advances-in-paediatrics-in-2016-current-practices-and-challenges-in-allergy-autoimmune-diseases-cardiology-endocrinology-gastroenterology-infectious-diseases-neonatology-nephrology-neurology-nutrition-pulmonology
#1
REVIEW
Carlo Caffarelli, Francesca Santamaria, Dora Di Mauro, Carla Mastrorilli, Silvia Montella, Sergio Bernasconi
This review reports main progresses in various pediatric issues published in Italian Journal of Pediatrics and in international journals in 2016. New insights in clinical features or complications of several disorders may be useful for our better understanding. They comprise severe asthma, changing features of lupus erythematosus from birth to adolescence, celiac disease, functional gastrointestinal disorders, Moebius syndrome, recurrent pneumonia. Risk factors for congenital heart defects, Kawasaki disease have been widely investigated...
September 16, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877841/cognitive-behaviour-therapy-for-health-anxiety-in-medical-patients-champ-a-randomised-controlled-trial-with-outcomes-to-5-years
#2
Peter Tyrer, Paul Salkovskis, Helen Tyrer, Duolao Wang, Michael J Crawford, Simon Dupont, Sylvia Cooper, John Green, David Murphy, Georgina Smith, Sharandeep Bhogal, Shaeda Nourmand, Valentina Lazarevic, Gemma Loebenberg, Rachel Evered, Stephanie Kings, Antoinette McNulty, Yvonne Lisseman-Stones, Sharon McAllister, Kofi Kramo, Jessica Nagar, Steven Reid, Rahil Sanatinia, Katherine Whittamore, Gemma Walker, Aaron Philip, Hilary Warwick, Sarah Byford, Barbara Barrett
BACKGROUND: Health anxiety is an under-recognised but frequent cause of distress that is potentially treatable, but there are few studies in secondary care. OBJECTIVE: To determine the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a modified form of cognitive-behaviour therapy (CBT) for health anxiety (CBT-HA) compared with standard care in medical outpatients. DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Five general hospitals in London, Middlesex and Nottinghamshire...
September 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864274/retraction-notice-to-obesity-induced-increase-in-tumor-necrosis-factor-%C3%AE-leads-to-development-of-colon-cancer-in-mice-gastroenterology-2012-143-741-753-e4
#3
Marcelo B S Flores, Guilherme Z Rocha, Danilo M Damas-Souza, Felipe Osório-Costa, Marília M Dias, Eduardo R Ropelle, Juliana A Camargo, Rita B de Carvalho, Hernandes F Carvalho, Mario J A Saad, José B C Carvalheira
This article has been retracted: please see Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal (http://www.elsevier.com/locate/withdrawalpolicy). This article has been retracted at the request of the Editor-in-Chief and Deputy Editor-in-Chief following an investigation into the data that were presented in several figures within the article. A number of images used in this article are believed to be duplicated images. The authors stated that they inadvertently inserted images of the wrong blots in several of the figures, resulting in the duplications; however, they did not address all of the concerns raised...
September 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856019/detailed-efsum-recommendations-on-the-scope-of-ultrasound-assessment-in-patients-with-portal-hypertension-considering-the-diagnostic-reference-level
#4
REVIEW
Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk
An important paper describing the Standards of the Polish Ultrasound Society regarding the assessment of portal and hepatic vasculature was published in the Journal of Ultrasonography. Due to the multiplicity of morphological and hemodynamic data required, the time needed to obtain these data and the legal responsibility of doctors for the results, there seems to be a need to determine a clear range of the assessed parameters depending on the reference level of a given healthcare facility. Therefore, the aim of the paper was to present the EFSUMB recommendations on the range of the evaluated ultrasonographic parameters in portal hypertension depending on the reference level...
June 2017: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835355/efficacy-of-lactobacillus-reuteri-dsm-17938-for-the-treatment-of-acute-gastroenteritis-in-children-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Henryk Szymański, Hania Szajewska
BACKGROUND: Acute gastroenteritis (AGE) is one of the most common diseases among children. Oral rehydration therapy is the key treatment. However, despite proven efficacy, it remains underused. This is because oral rehydration solution neither reduces the frequency of bowel movements and fluid loss nor shortens the duration of illness. Hence, there is interest in adjunctive treatments. According to the 2014 guidelines developed by the European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, the use of the following probiotics may be considered in the management of children with AGE in addition to rehydration therapy: Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (low quality of evidence; strong recommendation) and Saccharomyces boulardii (low quality of evidence; strong recommendation)...
August 23, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776388/gastroenterology-a-historical-specialty-with-a-great-future
#6
Javier Crespo, Francisco Jorquera Plaza
The specialty of gastroenterology (SGI) deals with the conditions involving the gut (esophagus, stomach, bowels, anorectal region), liver, bile ducts, pancreas, and peritoneum, specifically with their etiology, epidemiology, pathophysiology, semiology, diagnosis, prognosis, prevention, and treatment. As shown by Dr. Curbelo et al. in the present issue of The Spanish Journal of Digestive Diseases (Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas), our SGI has progressively grown as a specialty training option, and is now one of the five most commonly requested residency programs...
September 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749794/united-european-gastroenterology-week-scientific-abstracts-and-their-progression-to-full-publication
#7
Suneil A Raju, David S Sanders, Rahim Akram, Rebecca Glover, Ammar Al-Rifaie, Elise Peever, Josh Purves, Emily Scanu, Matthew Kurien
OBJECTIVE: Abstracts presentations at scientific meetings enable rapid dissemination of novel research. The percentage of abstracts that proceed to full publication from differing medical specialties is highly variable. This study aims to evaluate the outcomes of abstracts presented at the United European Gastroenterology Week (UEGW). MATERIALS AND METHODS: All abstracts presented at UEGW between 2009 and 2011 were assessed. Cross-referencing of the first author, senior author and at least one keyword of the abstract was performed using PubMed and EMBASE databases...
October 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720615/assessment-of-the-effectiveness-and-safety-of-ethosuximide-in-the-treatment-of-abdominal-pain-related-to-irritable-bowel-syndrome-ibset-protocol-of-a-randomised-parallel-controlled-double-blind-and-multicentre-trial
#8
Nicolas Kerckhove, Julien Scanzi, Bruno Pereira, Denis Ardid, Michel Dapoigny
INTRODUCTION: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is characterised by the association of abdominal chronic pain with bowel habit disorders in the absence of identifiable organic disease. This is the first reason for consultation in gastroenterology, with an estimated prevalence of 10%-15% in industrialised countries. Although this is a benign gastrointestinal disease, its chronicity profoundly impacts the patient's quality of life and causes considerable health spending. Actual medical treatments are poorly efficient on IBS-related abdominal pain, making it a major public health concern...
July 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688949/enamel-defects-and-aphthous-stomatitis-in-celiac-and-healthy-subjects-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-controlled-studies
#9
REVIEW
Michele Nieri, Elena Tofani, Efisio Defraia, Veronica Giuntini, Lorenzo Franchi
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review was to compare the presence of enamel defects and aphthous stomatitis between celiac patients and healthy controls. DATA SOURCES: A systematic review of articles selected from MEDLINE, EMBASE and Google Scholar was performed by two independent operators. Additional studies hand-searched and found in the principal dental and gastroenterology journals were included. STUDY SELECTION: Only controlled studies on celiac patients compared to healthy subjects were included...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572654/editorial-functional-dyspepsia-treatment-trials-and-tribulations-of-targeted-strategies
#10
Gregory S Sayuk
While functional dyspepsia (FD) is an exceedingly common disorder, the number of treatment options remains limited, and strategies for the individualized implementation of these therapies largely are lacking. In the current issue of American Journal of Gastroenterology, Saito and colleagues report on a secondary analysis of data from the Functional Dyspepsia Treatment Trial, specifically examining the role of two candidate genetic markers in predicting FD response to antidepressant treatments. Though the current study yielded a negative result, it nevertheless emphasizes the importance of our continued pursuit of therapeutic biomarkers in order to move beyond "one-size-fits-all" approaches to the treatment of FD and related disorders...
June 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375483/esophageal-cancer-s-100-most-influential-manuscripts-a-bibliometric-analysis
#11
A G M T Powell, D L Hughes, J Brown, M Larsen, J Witherspoon, W G Lewis
Bibliometric analysis highlights key topics and publications that have shaped the understanding and management of esophageal cancer (EC). Here, the 100 most cited manuscripts in the field of EC are analyzed. The Thomson Reuters Web of Science database with the search terms 'esophageal cancer' or 'esophageal carcinoma' or 'oesophageal cancer' or 'oesophageal carcinoma' or 'gastroscopy' was used to identify all English language full manuscripts for the study. The 100 most cited papers were further analyzed by topic, journal, author, year, and institution...
April 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367203/the-50-most-cited-articles-in-gastroenterology-and-hepatology-from-mainland-china
#12
Sun-Kuan Hu, Jie Huang, Wan-Dong Hong, Xiao-Jing Du, Rong Jin, Tie-Su Lin
OBJECTIVE: To identify and analyze the 50 most-cited gastroenterology and hepatology articles originating from mainland China. METHODS: We utilized the 2015 edition of Journal Citation Reports and PubMed to determine the 50 most-cited gastroenterology and hepatology articles from 75 professional journals and four leading journals in clinical medicine, which are The New England Journal of Medicine, The Lancet, The Journal of the American Medical Association, and The British Medical Journal...
January 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360250/development-of-the-brussels-infant-and-toddler-stool-scale-bitss-protocol-of-the-study
#13
Yvan Vandenplas, Hania Szajewska, Marc Benninga, Carlo Di Lorenzo, Christophe Dupont, Christophe Faure, Mohamed Miqdadi, Seksit Osatakul, Carmen Ribes-Konickx, Miguel Saps, Raanan Shamir, Annamaria Staiano
INTRODUCTION: The Bristol Stool Form Scale (BSS) which consists of 7 photographs of different stool forms allows assessment of stool consistency (scale 1 for hard lumps to scale 7 for watery stools), in an objective manner in adults. The BSS is also sometimes used to characterise the stools of infants and young children. Despite its use, there is general agreement among paediatric gastroenterologists that the BSS is not adequate to be used in infants and young children who wear diapers; thus, a new scale specifically designed for this population is needed...
March 29, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341083/scientific-publications-in-gastroenterology-and-hepatology-in-taiwan-an-analysis-of-web-of-science-from-1993-to-2013
#14
Hsiao-Ting Chang, Ming-Hwai Lin, I-Hsuan Hwang, Tzeng-Ji Chen, Han-Chieh Lin, Ming-Chih Hou, Shinn-Jang Hwang
BACKGROUND: Scientific publications are important for evaluating the achievements of a medical specialty or discipline. Gastroenterology and Hepatology is a medical specialty in great demand in Taiwan, therefore, this study aimed to analyze the Gastroenterology and Hepatology publications from 1993 to 2013 in Taiwan, using the Web of Science (WoS) database. METHODS: Scientific publications from departments/institutes of gastroenterology and hepatology were retrieved and analyzed from the WoS database, which included articles published in the Science Citation Index Expanded and Social Science Citation Index journals from 1993 to 2013...
February 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270668/editorial-aspiration-therapy-for-weight-loss-is-the-squeeze-worth-the-juice
#15
Vivek Kumbhari, Patrick I Okolo Iii
There is a desperate need for a technically simple, reversible, clinically effective, and safe approach to facilitate weight loss and improvement in metabolic comorbidities in obese patients. This has led to significant investment into the development of endoscopic bariatric therapies. In this issue of the American Journal of Gastroenterology, the first randomized controlled trial assessing aspiration therapy using an endoscopically placed gastrostomy tube is reported with promising results. Aspiration therapy is the first endoscopic therapy to be approved in the United States for use in morbidly obese patients and may be an alternative to those not wishing to undergo bariatric surgery...
March 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221689/jgh-open-a-new-open-access-journal-for-gastroenterology-and-hepatology
#16
EDITORIAL
M Robertson, M Watanabe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062863/-evaluation-of-the-peruvian-gastroenterology-journal-s-scientific-publication-achievements-and-opportunities
#17
EDITORIAL
Carlos Zapata, Bertha Huarez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981310/the-fate-of-abstracts-presented-at-the-2013-and-2014-annual-meetings-of-the-romanian-society-of-gastroenterology-and-hepatology
#18
Anca Trifan, Catalin-Alexandru Chihaia, Oana Tanase, Cristina-Maria Lungu, Carol Stanciu
BACKGROUND: Oral and poster presentations at annual national meetings of the Romanian Society of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (RSGH) provide a forum for education, communication and discussion of new research. However, for the wide-spread dissemination of the new research work, each presentation should be subsequently published as a full-text article in peer-reviewed, indexed journals. AIM: to evaluate the publication rate of full-text articles in peer-reviewed journals after being first presented as abstracts at two consecutive RSGH annual meetings...
December 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases: JGLD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957247/bibliometric-analysis-of-top-100-cited-articles-in-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-research
#19
Tong-Shuo Zhang, Hua-Lei Qin, Tong Wang, Hai-Tao Li, Hai Li, Shi-Hai Xia, Xiao-Hui Xiang
AIM: To identify and assess the research situation of top 100 cited articles in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). METHODS: The global scientific research articles in the Science Citation Index-Expanded relevant to NAFLD were retrieved and listed according to their citation times from the most to the least. The 100 most frequently cited original articles were selected to systematically evaluate their bibliometric parameters including times cited, publication year, journals, subject categories, and the highly related concepts of NAFLD, which reflected the history and current situation, publication distribution of leading countries and institutes as well as the research hotspots of NAFLD...
November 28, 2016: World Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924103/editorial-advancing-adoption-of-frailty-to-improve-the-care-of-patients-with-cirrhosis-time-for-a-consensus-on-a-frailty-index
#20
Jennifer C Lai
Frailty is a key determinant of outcomes in patients with cirrhosis. Two papers in this issue of the American Journal of Gastroenterology advance our understanding of the mechanism by which frailty impacts mortality-by increasing the risk of hospitalization for liver-related complications. We now have overwhelming justification to incorporate frailty into clinical practice, but this should be done in a systematic way to foster multi-center collaboration to accelerate research in this field. It is time for consensus on single frailty index to unify decision-making surrounding frailty and equalize outcomes for all cirrhotics across all centers...
December 2016: American Journal of Gastroenterology
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