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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913359/the-landscape-of-dementia-inclusivity
#1
Pauline Marsh, Helen Courtney-Pratt, Marina Campbell
A supported community gardening program became appealing and therapeutically beneficial to people living with the impacts of dementia and their carers, despite not targeting either cohort specifically. This paper discusses how this program provides insights into the landscape of dementia inclusivity. The gardens involved were spaces that allowed positive risk-taking opportunities, respectful intersubjectivity and active citizenship. Our research findings indicate that a meaningful response to the rising incidence of dementia may be to build upon social and geographical attributes of community gardens...
June 15, 2018: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913345/variation-in-and-factors-associated-with-psychosocial-interventions-for-hospitalised-self-harm-patients-in-new-south-wales-australia
#2
Wei Du, Matt Luther, Jane Desborough, Mark Rogalewicz, Nicholas Glasgow
OBJECTIVE: Psychosocial interventions demonstrate benefits during care for self-harm patients, however their adoption in hospital care remain largely unknown. This study aimed to evaluate the variation in and factors associated with psychosocial intervention use when treating self-harm patients at New South Wales (NSW) public hospitals. METHOD: We used the all-inclusive NSW Admitted Patient Data from July 2001 to June 2014. The primary outcome was receipt of hospital based psychosocial intervention...
June 12, 2018: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913296/interobserver-reliability-of-mri-predictors-of-outcome-in-cervical-spine-degenerative-conditions
#3
Joey K Grochmal, Andrew M Lozen, Andrew P Klein, Leighton P Mark, Jianing Li, Marjorie C Wang
BACKGROUND: Although recent work has focused on characterizing quantitative MRI markers that may predict outcome among patients with cervical degenerative conditions, little is known about their reliability. Measurement and reporting of these markers is time-consuming and non-standardized, thereby preventing their routine use in clinical care. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed cervical MRI images among subjects prospectively enrolled in a health outcomes study of elective surgery for degenerative cervical spine conditions...
June 15, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913285/epidemiology-and-clinical-outcomes-of-viral-central-nervous-system-infections
#4
Fatma Ben Abid, Mohammed Abukhattab, Hafedh Ghazouani, Obada Khalil, Ahmed Gohar, Hussam Al Soub, Muna Al Maslamani, Abdullatif Al Khal, Eman Al Masalamani, Said Al Dhahry, Samar Hashim, Faraj Howadi, Adeel A Butt
BACKGROUND: Central nervous system (CNS) viral infections are an important cause of morbidity and mortality. No data are available regarding their epidemiology in Qatar. DESIGN: We retrospectively evaluated all cerebrospinal fluid findings from January 2011-March 2015 at Hamad Medical Corporation. Those with abnormal CSF finding were included in our study. We excluded those with missing medical records, no clinical evidence of viral CNS infection or proven bacterial, fungal or tuberculosis CNS infection...
June 15, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913110/facilitators-and-barriers-for-use-of-rotavirus-vaccine-amongst-various-stakeholders-and-its-implications-for-indian-context-a-systematic-review
#5
Aditi Apte, Sudipto Roy, Ashish Bavdekar, Sanjay Juvekar, Siddhivinayak Hirve
BACKGROUND: We performed a systematic review to evaluate factors affecting uptake of rotavirus vaccine amongst physicians, parents and health system. METHODS: We identified 15 studies that met the inclusion criteria from 790 screened studies published between Jan 2005 to Jan 2016. RESULTS: Perceived severity of rotavirus disease, efficacy of vaccine and recommendation by health authorities positively influenced uptake of vaccine amongst health care providers...
June 18, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913086/training-pilots-for-unexpected-events-a-simulator-study-on-the-advantage-of-unpredictable-and-variable-scenarios
#6
Annemarie Landman, Peter van Oorschot, M M René van Paassen, Eric L Groen, Adelbert W Bronkhorst, Max Mulder
OBJECTIVE: This study tested whether simulator-based training of pilot responses to unexpected or novel events can be improved by including unpredictability and variability in training scenarios. BACKGROUND: Current regulations allow for highly predictable and invariable training, which may not be sufficient to prepare pilots for unexpected or novel situations in-flight. Training for surprise will become mandatory in the near future. METHOD: Using an aircraft model largely unfamiliar to the participants, one group of 10 pilots (the unpredictable and variable [U/V] group) practiced responses to controllability issues in a relatively U/V manner...
June 1, 2018: Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913023/immediate-postoperative-alignment-following-bimedial-rectus-recession-for-esotropia-in-children-compared-to-adults
#7
Mohamed B Hassan, Nancy N Diehl, Brian G Mohney
PURPOSE: To determine whether the immediate postoperative alignment among patients undergoing successful bilateral weakening surgery for esotropia is different in children compared to adults. METHODS: The medical records of all patients undergoing surgery for esotropia by a single surgeon at a major academic referral center between January 1, 2002, and July 1, 2014 (n = 544), were retrospectively reviewed. Exclusion criteria included those with prior strabismus surgery, unilateral surgery, strengthening procedures, vertical or superior oblique surgery, and those wearing hyperopic spectacles for accommodative esotropia...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913021/implementation-of-a-clinical-prediction-model-using-daily-postnatal-weight-gain-birth-weight-and-gestational-age-to-risk-stratify-rop
#8
Kortany McCauley, Anupama Chundu, Helen Song, Robin High, Donny Suh
PURPOSE: To develop a simple prognostic model using postnatal weight gain, birth weight, and gestational age to identify infants at risk for developing severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). METHODS: Medical records from two tertiary referral centers with the diagnosis code "Retinopathy of Prematurity" were evaluated. Those with a birth weight of 1,500 g or less, gestational age of 30 weeks or younger, and unstable clinical courses were included. Multivariate regression analysis was applied to transform three independent variables into a growth rate algorithm...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912944/increasing-success-and-evolving-barriers-in-the-hepatitis-c-cascade-of-care-during-the-direct-acting-antiviral-era
#9
Autumn Zuckerman, Andrew Douglas, Sam Nwosu, Leena Choi, Cody Chastain
Barriers remain in the hepatitis C virus (HCV) cascade of care (CoC), limiting the overall impact of direct acting antivirals. This study examines movement between the stages of the HCV CoC and identifies reasons why patients and specific patient populations fail to advance through care in a real world population. We performed a single-center, ambispective cohort study of patients receiving care in an outpatient infectious diseases clinic between October 2015 and September 2016. Patients were followed from treatment referral through sustained virologic response...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912838/baha-skin-complications-in-the-pediatric-population-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#10
Scott Shapiro, Jad Ramadan, Adam Cassis
OBJECTIVE: Compare the incidence of skin and surgical site complications for children undergoing percutaneous and transcutaneous bone conduction implant (pBCI and tBCI) surgery via systematic review and meta-analysis of the available data. DATA SOURCES: 1) Search of PubMed, Web of Science, and EBSCOhost databases from January 2012 to April 2017. 2) References of studies meeting initial criteria. STUDY SELECTION: Inclusion criteria were studies that involved patients less than 18 years old undergoing tBCI or pBCI surgery with a BI300 implant and reported skin complications, implant loss, and need for revision surgery...
June 15, 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912833/ocular-and-cervical-vestibular-evoked-myogenic-potentials-in-patients-with-vestibular-migraine
#11
Kathryn F Makowiec, Erin G Piker, Gary P Jacobson, Nabih M Ramadan, Richard A Roberts
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between normal and abnormal ocular vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (oVEMP) and cervical vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (cVEMP) in patients with and without vestibular migraine (VM). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of oVEMP and cVEMP results in patients with vestibular disorders who were assessed clinically and completed vestibular function studies. Data were extracted from a deidentified RedCap Repository. SETTING: Tertiary care multispecialty medical center...
June 15, 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912696/registry-cohort-study-to-determine-risk-for-multiple-sclerosis-after-vaccination-for-pandemic-influenza-a-h1n1-with-arepanrix-manitoba-canada
#12
Salaheddin M Mahmud, Songul Bozat-Emre, Luiz C Mostaço-Guidolin, Ruth Ann Marrie
To investigate a potential risk for multiple sclerosis (MS) after vaccination with Arepanrix, the GlaxoSmithKline AS03-adjuvanted influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 vaccine, we used the provincewide immunization registry for Manitoba, Canada, to match 341,347 persons vaccinated during the 2009 pandemic to 485,941 unvaccinated persons on age, sex, address, and a propensity score measuring the probability of vaccination. We used a previously validated algorithm to identify MS cases from provincial hospital, physician, and prescription drug claims databases...
July 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912648/partial-dietary-inclusion-of-hermetia-illucens-black-soldier-fly-full-fat-prepupae-in-zebrafish-feed-biometric-histological-biochemical-and-molecular-implications
#13
Matteo Zarantoniello, Leonardo Bruni, Basilio Randazzo, Arturo Vargas, Giorgia Gioacchini, Cristina Truzzi, Anna Annibaldi, Paola Riolo, Giuliana Parisi, Gloriana Cardinaletti, Francesca Tulli, Ike Olivotto
Due to minimal environmental impact, compared to most conventional feed commodities, insects deserve a growing attention as candidate ingredients for aquafeeds. This study tested, for the first time during zebrafish larval rearing, the effects of an increasing replacement (0%-25%-50%) of fish meal by black soldier fly (BSF) full-fat prepupae meal. All diets were formulated to be isonitrogenous and isolipidic. A multidisciplinary approach, including biometrics, histology, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, and molecular analyses, was applied to better understand the biological responses of larval zebrafish to the different partial inclusions of BSF in the feed...
June 18, 2018: Zebrafish
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912622/risk-factors-for-musculoskeletal-injuries-in-elite-junior-tennis-players-a-systematic-review
#14
Jacobien H F Oosterhoff, Vincent Gouttebarge, Maarten Moen, J Bart Staal, Gino M M J Kerkhoffs, Johannes L Tol, Babette M Pluim
The objective was to systematically review the literature on risk factors and prevention programs for musculoskeletal injuries among tennis players. PubmedMedline, Embase, CINAHL, Cochrane, SportDiscus were searched up to February 2017. Experts in clinical and epidemiological medicine were contacted to obtain additional studies. For risk factors, prospective cohort studies (n > 20) with a statistical analysis for injured and non-injured players were included and studies with a RCT design for prevention programs...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912621/are-digital-interventions-for-smoking-cessation-in-pregnancy-effective-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Sarah Ellen Griffiths, Joanne Parsons, Emily Anne Fulton, Felix Naughton, Ildiko Tombor, Katherine E Brown
Smoking in pregnancy remains a global public health issue due to foetal health risks and potential maternal complications. The aims of this systematic review and meta-analysis were to explore: (1) whether digital interventions for pregnancy smoking cessation are effective, (2) the impact of intervention platform on smoking cessation, (3) the associations between specific Behaviour Change Techniques (BCTs) delivered within interventions and smoking cessation, and (4) the association between the total number of BCTs delivered and smoking cessation...
June 18, 2018: Health Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912465/prevalence-and-pattern-of-psychosocial-disorders-among-caregivers-of-hiv-infected-children-in-enugu-south-eastern-nigeria
#16
I F Ogbonna, I J Emodi, A N Ikefuna, N C Ojinnaka
Background: Nigeria has the highest burden of paediatric HIV in the world. HIV infection may result in significant life stressors, on both the infected children and their caregivers. Methods: This included a hospital-based cross-sectional and comparative study. Subjects and controls who met the inclusion criteria were enrolled consecutively. Their socio-demographic variables were obtained and GHQ-28 was used to assess their psychosocial status. Results: A total of 154 caregivers of HIV-infected children (subjects) and 154 caregivers of HIV-negative children (controls) were enrolled into this study...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912434/evidence-based-optimization-of-post-treatment-surveillance-for-skull-base-chordomas-based-on-local-and-distant-disease-progression
#17
Jacob L Freeman, Ascher B Kaufmann, Richard G Everson, Franco DeMonte, Shaan M Raza
BACKGROUND: There are no guidelines regarding post-treatment surveillance specific to skull base chordomas. OBJECTIVE: To determine an optimal imaging surveillance schedule to detect both local and distant metastatic skull base chordoma recurrences. METHODS: A retrospective review of 91 patients who underwent treatment for skull base chordoma between 1993 and 2017 was conducted. Time to and location of local and distant recurrence(s) were cataloged...
April 18, 2018: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912418/moral-injury-religiosity-and-suicide-risk-in-u-s-veterans-and-active-duty-military-with-ptsd-symptoms
#18
Donna Ames, Zachary Erickson, Nagy A Youssef, Irina Arnold, Chaplain Sam Adamson, Alexander C Sones, Justin Yin, Kerry Haynes, Fred Volk, Ellen J Teng, John P Oliver, Harold G Koenig
Introduction: There is growing evidence that moral injury (MI) is related to greater suicide risk among Veterans and Active Duty Military (V/ADM). This study examines the relationship between MI and suicide risk and the moderating effect of religiosity on this relationship in V/ADM with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional multi-site study involving 570 V/ADM from across the USA. Inclusion criteria were having served in a combat theater and the presence of PTSD symptoms...
June 15, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912312/aesthetic-perceptions-and-psychosocial-impact-of-malocclusion-comparison-between-cleft-and-non-cleft-patients-and-their-parents
#19
Sreevatsan Raghavan, Koshi Philip, Puneet Batra, Agneta Marcusson
Objective: To evaluate the influence of dentofacial attractiveness using the 'Psychosocial Impact of Dental Aesthetics Questionnaire' (PIDAQ), Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS) and Aesthetic Component (AC) of the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN) in patients with cleft lip/palate (CLP), and non-cleft orthodontic patients (Non-CLP) and their parents. Materials and methods: Eighty patients (aged 11-19 years) comprising 40 CLP and 40 non-CLP were administered the PIDAQ and SWLS questionnaires to be rated individually by the patients, along with IOTN-AC rated by the patients and their parents, respectively...
April 18, 2018: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912255/-plasma-viraemia-as-a-factor-associated-to-severity-in-dengue-virus-infection-systematic-review-of-literature
#20
Sergio Alejandro Gómez-Ochoa
BACKGROUND: Plasma viremia is a factor whose role in the severity of dengue virus infection has been widely discussed in recent years, with divergent results found in the multiple contexts evaluated. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature using the Scopus, EBSCOhost, SpringerLink, Lilacs and Scielo databases was conducted. For inclusion in the review there were considered studies that evaluated the relationship between plasma viral load and clinical manifestations or severity of the disease...
April 2018: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
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