keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

inclusion

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933652/nonobstructive-diffuse-dilated-bowel-loops-prenatal-diagnosis-fetal-characteristics-and-neonatal-outcomes
#1
Guy Katz, Ben Pode-Shakked, Michal Berkenstadt, Ron Bilik, Sylvie Polak Charcon, Iris Barshack, Reuven Achiron, Yinon Gilboa
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to describe the characteristics and outcomes of fetuses with a diagnosis of nonobstructive diffuse dilated bowel loops. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of all pregnancies with fetal diagnosis of nonobstructive diffuse dilated bowel loops over 14 years in a large tertiary referral center. Fetomaternal and neonatal characteristics and outcomes were assessed. RESULTS: Seven fetuses had sonograms showing diffuse dilated bowel loops; none of them had intestinal obstruction after labor...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933615/immediate-release-versus-controlled-release-carbamazepine-in-the-treatment-of-epilepsy
#2
REVIEW
Graham Powell, Matthew Saunders, Alexandra Rigby, Anthony G Marson
BACKGROUND: Carbamazepine (CBZ) is a commonly used drug for epilepsy that is associated with troublesome adverse events including dizziness, double vision, drowsiness, poor co-ordination and unsteadiness. These adverse events often occur during peaks in drug plasma concentration. These adverse events may limit the daily dose of CBZ that can be tolerated and reduce the chances of seizure control in patients who require high doses. A controlled-release formulation of CBZ delivers the same dose over a longer period of time when compared to a standard immediate-release formulation, thereby reducing post-dose peaks in CBZ plasma concentration and potentially reducing adverse events...
December 8, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933614/antiviral-agents-for-infectious-mononucleosis-glandular-fever
#3
REVIEW
Muireann De Paor, Kirsty O'Brien, Tom Fahey, Susan M Smith
BACKGROUND: Infectious mononucleosis (IM) is a clinical syndrome, usually caused by the Epstein Barr virus (EPV), characterised by lymphadenopathy, fever and sore throat. Most cases of symptomatic IM occur in older teenagers or young adults. Usually IM is a benign self-limiting illness and requires only symptomatic treatment. However, occasionally the disease course can be complicated or prolonged and lead to decreased productivity in terms of school or work. Antiviral medications have been used to treat IM, but the use of antivirals for IM is controversial...
December 8, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933478/mri-in-pelvic-inflammatory-disease-a-pictorial-review
#4
REVIEW
Ferenc Czeyda-Pommersheim, Bobby Kalb, James Costello, Joy Liau, Arash Meshksar, Hina Arif Tiwari, Diego Martin
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an ascending infection of the female genital tract caused by the spread of bacteria from the vagina to the pelvic reproductive organs and occasionally the peritoneum. The most common causative organisms are sexually transmitted. PID is a significant source of morbidity among reproductive age women both as a cause of abdominal pain and as a common cause of infertility. Its clinical presentation is often nonspecific, and the correct diagnosis may first come to light based on the results of imaging studies...
December 8, 2016: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933387/effect-of-vitamin-d-on-biochemical-parameters-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-women-a-meta-analysis
#5
Yunping Xue, Pengfei Xu, Kai Xue, Xiaoyi Duan, Jian Cao, Ting Luan, Qian Li, Lin Gu
AIM: To investigate the therapeutical effect of vitamin D supplementation on the metabolism and endocrine parameters of PCOS patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinical studies investigating the therapeutic effect of vitamin D supplementation on PCOS patients were selected by searching PubMed, Embase, The Cochrane library and Web of Science until April 2016. The included articles were selected according to the inclusion criteria. Serum HOMA-IR, QUICKI, LDL, DHEAS, free testosterone (FT), total testosterone (TT), PTH, 25-hydroxy-vitamin D, and triglyceride of PCOS patients were enrolled for evaluating the therapeutic effects of vitamin D...
December 9, 2016: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933342/prediction-of-nk-cell-licensing-level-in-selection-of-hematopoietic-stem-cell-donor-initial-results
#6
Marta Rogatko-Koroś, Renata Mika-Witkowska, Katarzyna Bogunia-Kubik, Barbara Wysoczańska, Emilia Jaskuła, Katarzyna Kościńska, Klaudia Nestorowicz, Joanna Dziopa, Urszula Szlendak, Sławomir Gwozdowicz, Elżbieta Graczyk-Pol, Andrzej Lange, Jacek Nowak
Natural killer (NK) cell licensing status depends on clonal expression of inhibitory killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (iKIR) and short term HLA environment. Licensed NK cells are more efficient in tumor killing than unlicensed NK cells. Cognate KIR-HLA pairs in hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) donor and recipient are decisive for the possible change in the NK cell licensing status after HSCT. We assessed clinical outcomes in 297 patients with lymphoproliferative or myeloproliferative malignancies, or myelodysplastic syndrome in a model with upward licensing, downward resetting, and unchanged licensing genetics status after T cell replate HSCT from unrelated donors...
December 8, 2016: Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933307/impact-of-intravenous-infusion-time-on-aav8-vector-pharmacokinetics-safety-and-liver-transduction-in-cynomolgus-macaques
#7
Jenny A Greig, Jayme Ml Nordin, Erin Bote, Leah Makaron, Mason E Garnett, Lisa M Kattenhorn, Peter Bell, Tamara Goode, James M Wilson
Systemically delivered adeno-associated viral (AAV) vectors are now in early-phase clinical trials for a variety of diseases. While there is a general consensus on inclusion and exclusion criteria for each of these trials, the conditions under which vectors are infused vary significantly. In this study, we evaluated the impact of intravenous infusion rate of AAV8 vector in cynomolgus macaques on transgene expression, vector clearance from the circulation, and potential activation of the innate immune system...
2016: Molecular Therapy. Methods & Clinical Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933278/a-simple-method-for-closure-of-urethrocutaneous-fistula-after-tubularized-incised-plate-repair-preliminary-results
#8
Mehdi Shirazi, Ali Ariafar, Amir Hossein Babaei, Abdosamad Ashrafzadeh, Ali Adib
BACKGROUND: Urethrocutaneous fistula (UCF) is the most prevalent complication after hypospadias repair surgery. Many methods have been developed for UCF correction, and the best technique for UCF repair is determined based on the size, location, and number of fistulas, as well as the status of the surrounding skin. OBJECTIVES: In this study, we introduced and evaluated a simple method for UCF correction after tubularized incised plate (TIP) repair. METHODS: This clinical study was conducted on children with UCFs ≤ 4 mm that developed after TIP surgery for hypospadias repair...
November 2016: Nephro-urology Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933183/differential-eligibility-of-african-american-and-european-american-lung-cancer-cases-using-ldct-screening-guidelines
#9
Bríd M Ryan
INTRODUCTION: Lung cancer incidence and mortality is higher among African Americans compared with European Americans in the USA where screening guidelines are currently in place and based on age at diagnosis and smoking history. Given the different smoking patterns observed in these populations and the earlier age at which African Americans are diagnosed, it is possible that African Americans will be disproportionally excluded from screening programmes. METHODS: We assessed the capture of African American and EA lung cancer cases using the National Lung Screening Trial, US Preventive Services Task Force and Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services eligibility guidelines in a population of lung cancer cases diagnosed between 1998 and 2014 in the Baltimore region of Maryland (n=1658)...
2016: BMJ Open Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933136/critical-analysis-of-the-literature-investigating-urogenital-function-preservation-following-robotic-rectal-cancer-surgery
#10
Sofoklis Panteleimonitis, Jamil Ahmed, Mick Harper, Amjad Parvaiz
AIM: To analyses the current literature regarding the urogenital functional outcomes of patients receiving robotic rectal cancer surgery. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search of electronic databases was performed in October 2015. The following search terms were applied: "rectal cancer" or "colorectal cancer" and robot* or "da Vinci" and sexual or urolog* or urinary or erect* or ejaculat* or impot* or incontinence. All original studies examining the urological and/or sexual outcomes of male and/or female patients receiving robotic rectal cancer surgery were included...
November 27, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933095/direct-derivation-of-maize-plant-and-crop-height-from-low-cost-time-of-flight-camera-measurements
#11
Martin Hämmerle, Bernhard Höfle
BACKGROUND: In agriculture, information about the spatial distribution of crop height is valuable for applications such as biomass and yield estimation, or increasing field work efficiency in terms of fertilizing, applying pesticides, irrigation, etc. Established methods for capturing crop height often comprise restrictions in terms of cost and time efficiency, flexibility, and temporal and spatial resolution of measurements. Furthermore, crop height is mostly derived from a measurement of the bare terrain prior to plant growth and measurements of the crop surface when plants are growing, resulting in the need of multiple field campaigns...
2016: Plant Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932910/ascidiacea-chordata-tunicata-of-greece-an-updated-checklist
#12
Chryssanthi Antoniadou, Vasilis Gerovasileiou, Nicolas Bailly
BACKGROUND: The checklist of the ascidian fauna (Tunicata: Ascidiacea) of Greece was compiled within the framework of the Greek Taxon Information System (GTIS), an application of the LifeWatchGreece Research Infrastructure (ESFRI) aiming to produce a complete checklist of species recorded from Greece. This checklist was constructed by updating an existing one with the inclusion of recently published records. All the reported species from Greek waters were taxonomically revised and cross-checked with the Ascidiacea World Database...
2016: Biodiversity Data Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932844/what-factors-influence-patient-compliance-with-supportive-periodontal-therapy-in-a-general-practice-setting
#13
C Perrell-Jones, R S Ireland
Background The importance of supportive periodontal therapy following active treatment has been well documented but numerous studies have shown patient compliance to be poor. The aim of this study was to ascertain which factors affect patient compliance and whether this included routinely recorded periodontal indices.Methodology This was a five-year retrospective service evaluation study set within a private general dental practice. It utilised demographic and periodontal data from patients who attended the practice for chronic periodontal treatment in 2009 and ascertained whether there were links between this data and compliance with the supportive phase of periodontal treatment...
December 9, 2016: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932761/-long-noncoding-rna-malat1-a-potential-novel-prognostic-biomarkers-in-cancers-based-on-meta-analysis
#14
Wei Song, Kai Wang, Runjin Zhang, Shubing Zou
To systematically review the potential value of long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1 (MALAT1) as a potential novel prognostic biomarker in cancers.
 Methods: Databases including Cochrane Library, Medline, Embase, PubMed databases were searched for all English studies, which explored the correlation between lncRNA MALAT1 expression and overall survival in tumors. The retrieval time was from inception to August 1, 2015. Two reviewers independently screened literature according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, extracted data, and assessed methodological quality...
November 28, 2016: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932667/lymph-node-yield-is-an-independent-predictor-of-survival-in-rectal-cancer-regardless-of-receipt-of-neoadjuvant-therapy
#15
Zhaomin Xu, Mariana E Berho, Adan Z Becerra, Christopher T Aquina, Bradley J Hensley, Reza Arsalanizadeh, Katia Noyes, John R T Monson, Fergal J Fleming
AIMS: Lymph node yield (LNY) is used as a marker of adequate oncological resection. The American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) currently recommends that at least 12 nodes are necessary to confirm node-negative disease for rectal cancer. A LNY of 12 is not always achieved, particularly in patients who have undergone neoadjuvant treatment. This study attempts to examine factors associated with LNY and its prognostic impact following neoadjuvant chemoradiation in rectal cancer. METHODS: The 2006-2011 National Cancer Data Base was queried for patients with clinical stage I-III rectal cancer who underwent a proctectomy...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932631/dying-in-the-hospital-setting-a-meta-synthesis-identifying-the-elements-of-end-of-life-care-that-patients-and-their-families-describe-as-being-important
#16
REVIEW
Claudia Virdun, Tim Luckett, Karl Lorenz, Patricia M Davidson, Jane Phillips
BACKGROUND: Despite most expected deaths occurring in hospital, optimal end-of-life care is not available for all in this setting. AIM: To gain a richer and deeper understanding of elements of end-of-life care that consumers consider most important within the hospital setting. DESIGN: A meta-synthesis. DATA SOURCES: A systematic search of Academic Search Complete, AMED, CINAHL, MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, PubMed, Google, Google Scholar and CareSearch for qualitative studies published between 1990 and April 2015 reporting statements by consumers regarding important elements of end-of-life hospital care...
December 8, 2016: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932601/school-nurse-workload-a-scoping-review-of-acute-care-community-health-and-mental-health-nursing-workload-literature
#17
Patricia Endsley
The purpose of this scoping review was to survey the most recent (5 years) acute care, community health, and mental health nursing workload literature to understand themes and research avenues that may be applicable to school nursing workload research. The search for empirical and nonempirical literature was conducted using search engines such as Google Scholar, PubMed, CINAHL, and Medline. Twenty-nine empirical studies and nine nonempirical articles were selected for inclusion. Themes that emerged consistent with school nurse practice include patient classification systems, environmental factors, assistive personnel, missed nursing care, and nurse satisfaction...
December 8, 2016: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932598/how-much-cerebrospinal-fluid-should-we-remove-prior-to-measuring-a-closing-pressure
#18
Son H McLaren, Michael C Monuteaux, Atima C Delaney, Assaf Landschaft, Amir A Kimia
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to identify a relationship between cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) volume removal and change in CSF pressure in children with suspected idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH). METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study of children 22 years and younger who underwent a lumbar puncture (LP) and had a documented opening pressure, closing pressure, and volume removed. Relationship between volume removal and pressure change was determined using a fractional polynomial regression procedure...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932547/practice-to-evidence-using-evaluability-assessment-to-generate-practice-based-evidence-in-rural-south-georgia
#19
Sally Honeycutt, April Hermstad, Michelle L Carvalho, Kimberly R Jacob Arriola, Denise Ballard, Cam Escoffery, Michelle C Kegler
Evidence from formal evaluation of real-world practice can address gaps in the public health knowledge base and provide information about feasible, relevant strategies for varied settings. Interest in evaluability assessment (EA) as an approach for generating practice-based evidence has grown. EA has been central to several structured assessment processes that identify and select promising programs and evaluate those most likely to produce useful findings. The Emory Prevention Research Center used EA as part of an initiative to generate practice-based evidence for cancer prevention in southwest Georgia...
December 7, 2016: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932540/twelve-month-follow-up-on-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-relaxation-training-for-post-stroke-anxiety
#20
Katherine Golding, Chris Fife-Schaw, Ian Kneebone
OBJECTIVE: To follow up participants in a randomised controlled trial of relaxation training for anxiety after stroke at 12 months. DESIGN: Twelve month follow-up to a randomised controlled trial, in which the control group also received treatment. SETTING: Community. PARTICIPANTS: Fifteen of twenty one original participants with post-stroke anxiety participated in a one year follow-up study. INTERVENTIONS: A self-help autogenic relaxation CD listened to five times a week for one month, immediately in the intervention group and after three months in the control group...
December 8, 2016: Clinical Rehabilitation
keyword
keyword
57932
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"