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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228510/left-behind-and-left-out-the-impact-of-the-school-environment-on-young-people-with-continence-problems
#1
Katie Whale, Helen Cramer, Carol Joinson
OBJECTIVES: To explore the impact of the secondary school environment on young people with continence problems. DESIGN: In-depth qualitative semi-structured interviews. METHODS: We interviewed 20 young people aged 11-19 years (11 female and nine male) with continence problems (daytime wetting, bedwetting, and/or soiling). Interviews were conducted by Skype (n = 11) and telephone (n = 9). Transcripts were analysed using inductive thematic analysis...
December 11, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228504/dynamic-borrowing-through-empirical-power-priors-that-control-type-i-error
#2
Stavros Nikolakopoulos, Ingeborg van der Tweel, Kit C B Roes
In order for historical data to be considered for inclusion in the design and analysis of clinical trials, prospective rules are essential. Incorporation of historical data may be of particular interest in the case of small populations where available data is scarce and heterogeneity is not as well understood, and thus conventional methods for evidence synthesis might fall short. The concept of power priors can be particularly useful for borrowing evidence from a single historical study. Power priors employ a parameter γ∈[0,1] that quantifies the heterogeneity between the historical study and the new study...
December 11, 2017: Biometrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228467/neoadjuvant-systemic-therapy-for-regionally-advanced-melanoma
#3
James W Jakub, Jennifer M Racz, Tina J Hieken, Alexandra B Gonzalez, Lisa A Kottschade, Svetomir N Markovic, Yiyi Yan, Mathew S Block
BACKGROUND: Patients with regionally advanced melanoma are at high risk of distant failure and unlikely to be cured by surgery alone. Neoadjuvant therapy may provide benefit in these patients. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate our experience with neoadjuvant systemic therapy in high-risk stage III patients. METHODS: Retrospective review of patients with advanced stage III disease who received neoadjuvant therapy between August 2009 and August 2016 at Mayo Clinic Rochester...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228383/oral-fungal-bacterial-biofilm-models-in-vitro-a-review
#4
Marlene Chevalier, Stephane Ranque, Isabelle Prêcheur
Inclusion of fungi as commensals in oral biofilm is an important innovation in oral biology, and this work aimed to review the literature on the available biofilm and related disease in vitro models. Actually, thousands of bacterial and around one hundred of fungal phylotypes can colonize the oral cavity. Taxonomic profiling combined with functional expression analysis has revealed that Candida albicans, Streptococcus mutans and prominent periodontopathogens are not always present or numerically important in candidiasis, caries, or periodontitis lesions...
December 8, 2017: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228185/dncon2-improved-protein-contact-prediction-using-two-level-deep-convolutional-neural-networks
#5
Badri Adhikari, Jie Hou, Jianlin Cheng
Motivation: Significant improvements in the prediction of protein residue-residue contacts are observed in the recent years. These contacts, predicted using a variety of coevolution-based and machine learning methods, are the key contributors to the recent progress in ab initio protein structure prediction, as demonstrated in the recent CASP experiments. Continuing the development of new methods to reliably predict contact maps is essential to further improve ab initio structure prediction...
December 8, 2017: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228152/effectiveness-of-nutritional-interventions-addressed-to-elderly-persons-umbrella-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#6
Andrea Poscia, Sonja Milovanovic, Daniele Ignazio La Milia, Mariusz Duplaga, Marcin Grysztar, Francesco Landi, Umberto Moscato, Nicola Magnavita, Agnese Collamati, Walter Ricciardi
Background: The number of Europeans aged over 65 will double between 2010 and 2060, reaching 30% of the European population. Nutrition is emerging as a key element of healthy life since both obesity and malnutrition are established risk factors for morbidity and disability. The aim of this umbrella review (UR) is to summarize the findings of all current systematic reviews (SRs) and meta-analyzes (MAs) on the effectiveness of nutritional intervention designed to promote healthy aging in older individuals...
December 8, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228139/authorship-characteristics-of-orthodontic-randomized-controlled-trials-systematic-reviews-and-meta-analyses-in-non-orthodontic-journals-with-impact-factor
#7
Ahlam R Alqaydi, Georgios Kanavakis, Shazia Naser-Ud-Din, Athanasios E Athanasiou
Background/Objective: This study was conducted to explore authorship characteristics and publication trends of all orthodontic randomized controlled trials (RCTs), systematic reviews (SRs), and meta-analyses (MAs) published in non-orthodontic journals with impact factor (IF). Materials and methods: Appropriate research strategies were developed to search for all articles published until December 2015, without restrictions regarding language or publication status...
December 8, 2017: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228122/tennessee-s-in-state-vulnerability-assessment-for-a-rapid-dissemination-of-hiv-or-hcv-infection-event-utilizing-data-about-the-opioid-epidemic
#8
Michael Rickles, Peter F Rebeiro, Lindsey Sizemore, Paul Juarez, Mitchell Mutter, Carolyn Wester, Melissa McPheeters
Background: Knowing which factors contribute to county-level vulnerability to an HIV/Hepatitis C (HCV) outbreak, and which counties are most vulnerable, guide public health and clinical interventions. We therefore examined the impact of locally available indicators related to the opioid epidemic on prior national models of HCV/HIV outbreak vulnerability. Methods: Tennessee's 95 counties were the study sample. Predictors from 2012 and 2013 were used, mirroring prior methodology from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)...
December 7, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228056/back-and-neck-pain-and-function-in-females-with-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-a-follow-up-at-least-23-years-after-conservative-treatment-with-a-milwaukee-brace
#9
Ewa Misterska, Jakub Głowacki, Adam Okręt, Maria Laurentowska, Maciej Głowacki
We aimed to explore the long-term outcomes of back and neck pain and functionality in adult females with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), who had been treated with a Milwaukee brace, in a follow-up study a minimum of 23 years after the completion of the treatment, using radiological, clinical and socio-demographical data. Thirty AIS patients (scoliosis group-SG), were included in the study based on an extensive search of Pediatric Orthopedics and Traumatology Clinic charts. All treatments were successfully completed between 1974 and 1990...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227967/monte-carlo-simulations-of-electrical-percolation-in-multicomponent-thin-films-with-nanofillers
#10
Xiaojuan Ni, Chao Hui, Ninghai Su, Wei Jiang, Feng Liu
We develop a 2D disk-stick percolation model to investigate the electrical percolation behavior of an insulating thin film reinforced with 1D and 2D conductive nanofillers via Monte Carlo simulation. Numerical predictions of the percolation threshold in single component thin films show good agreement with the previous published work, validating our model for investigating the characteristics of the percolation phenomena. Parametric studies of size effect, i.e., length of 1D nanofiller and diameter of 2D nanofiller, have been carried out to predict the electrical percolation threshold for hybrid systems...
December 11, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227961/global-exponential-stability-and-lag-synchronization-for-delayed-memristive-fuzzy-cohen-grossberg-bam-neural-networks-with-impulses
#11
Wengui Yang, Wenwu Yu, Jinde Cao, Fuad E Alsaadi, Tasawar Hayat
This paper investigates the stability and lag synchronization for memristor-based fuzzy Cohen-Grossberg bidirectional associative memory (BAM) neural networks with mixed delays (asynchronous time delays and continuously distributed delays) and impulses. By applying the inequality analysis technique, homeomorphism theory and some suitable Lyapunov-Krasovskii functionals, some new sufficient conditions for the uniqueness and global exponential stability of equilibrium point are established. Furthermore, we obtain several sufficient criteria concerning globally exponential lag synchronization for the proposed system based on the framework of Filippov solution, differential inclusion theory and control theory...
November 23, 2017: Neural Networks: the Official Journal of the International Neural Network Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227889/nursing-and-midwifery-students-stress-and-coping-during-their-undergraduate-education-programmes-an-integrative-review
#12
REVIEW
Bridie McCarthy, Anna Trace, Moira O'Donovan, Caroline Brady-Nevin, Margaret Murphy, Maria O'Shea, Patricia O'Regan
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this review is to examine the literature related to the sources of stress, coping mechanisms and interventions to support undergraduate nursing and midwifery students to cope with stress during their undergraduate education. DESIGN: Integrative literature review. DATA SOURCES: The databases CINAHL, PubMed and PsycINFO were searched for articles published between 2010 and 2016. Search terms in various combinations were used for example; student nurse, student midwife, undergraduate, stress, coping and interventions...
November 28, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227887/-there-is-not-a-safe-space-where-they-can-find-themselves-to-be-free-un-safe-spaces-and-the-promotion-of-queer-visibilities-among-township-males-who-have-sex-with-males-msm-in-cape-town-south-africa
#13
N R Hassan, L Swartz, A Kagee, A De Wet, A Lesch, Z Kafaar, P A Newman
Males who have sex with males (MSM) are prioritised in the global fight against HIV/AIDS, as a key affected population to receive HIV prevention, treatment, and HIV-related care and support (WHO, 2016). There is, however, limited empirical research conducted on how to engage communities of South African MSM in clinical HIV prevention research programs. The development of LGBTIQ safe spaces may potentially be a viable option to promote community-based engagement by bridging the divides between HIV-prevention researchers, marginalised queer populations, and other HIV-prevention stakeholders located in heteronormative spaces (Molyneux et al...
December 8, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227849/associations-between-long-term-pm2-5-and-ozone-exposure-and-mortality-in-the-canadian-census-health-and-environment-cohort-canchec-by-spatial-synoptic-classification-zone
#14
Sabit Cakmak, Chris Hebbern, Lauren Pinault, Eric Lavigne, Jennifer Vanos, Dan Lawson Crouse, Michael Tjepkema
Studies suggest that long-term chronic exposure to fine particulate matter air pollution can increase lung cancer mortality. We analyzed the association between long term PM2.5 and ozone exposure and mortality due to lung cancer, ischemic heart disease, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, accounting for geographic location, socioeconomic status, and residential mobility. Subjects in the 1991 Canadian Census Health and Environment Cohort (CanCHEC) were followed for 20years, and assigned to regions across Canada based on spatial synoptic classification weather types...
December 8, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227842/ideation-social-construction-and-drug-policy-a-scoping-review
#15
Vanessa Gstrein
Within drug policy scholarship there is a growing body of literature applying ideational and social constructionist approaches to address the complexity of drug policy making and the apparent failure of the evidence-based policy paradigm to free the process from controversy and contestation. Ideational approaches are concerned with the roles played by ideas and beliefs in policy making, while social construction explores the way policy problems are constructed, and agendas are set and delineated by dominant frames and narratives...
December 8, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227738/antibiotic-resistance-of-helicobacter-pylori-in-iranian-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Arshid Yousefi-Avarvand, Hamid Vaez, Mohsen Tafaghodi, Amir Hossein Sahebkar, Mohsen Arzanlou, Farzad Khademi
Antibiotic therapy for children infected with Helicobacter pylori is important. However, resistance to antibiotics is one of the main causes of treatment failure. This study was designed to evaluate the prevalence pattern of antibiotic resistance of H. pylori in Iranian children using a systematic review and meta-analysis of literature. A computerized search (until June 10, 2017) using related keywords in the national and international databases was performed. A total of 261 original articles on antibiotic resistance of H...
December 11, 2017: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227720/important-new-indexing-and-citation-opportunities-for-the-journal-of-chiropractic-education
#17
Bart N Green
This editorial discusses the recent inclusion of the Journal of Chiropractic Education in Scopus and places this accomplishment in context of the growth of the journal over the past 12 years. New open access reference cross-linking is also introduced.
December 11, 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227454/immediate-and-long-term-hearing-outcomes-with-the-middle-cranial-fossa-approach-for-vestibular-schwannoma-resection
#18
Sameer Ahmed, H Alexander Arts, Hussam El-Kashlan, Gregory J Basura, B Gregory Thompson, Steven A Telian
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the immediate postoperative and long-term hearing outcome data in patients who have undergone hearing preservation attempts with the middle cranial fossa (MCF) approach for the resection of sporadic vestibular schwannoma. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of a surgical patient cohort. SETTING: Tertiary academic referral center. PATIENTS: Adult patients with unilateral sporadic vestibular schwannoma...
January 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227450/hearing-loss-in-pediatric-patients-with-cerebral-palsy
#19
Forest W Weir, Jonathan L Hatch, Theodore R McRackan, Sarah A Wallace, Ted A Meyer
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates the prevalence, type, and severity of hearing impairment in children with cerebral palsy (CP) and to analyze audiologic and otologic outcomes in these patients. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of the AudGen Database. SETTING: Tertiary academic referral center. PATIENTS: Pediatric patients in AudGen Database with a diagnosis of cerebral palsy. Appropriate audiologic, otologic, and demographic data were recorded...
January 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227446/meta-analysis-of-cochlear-implantation-outcomes-evaluated-with-general-health-related-patient-reported-outcome-measures
#20
Theodore R McRackan, Michael Bauschard, Jonathan L Hatch, Emily Franko-Tobin, Harris Richard Droghini, Craig A Velozo, Shaun A Nguyen, Judy R Dubno
OBJECTIVE: Determine the change in general health-related quality of life (HRQOL) after cochlear implantation and association with speech recognition. STUDY DESIGN: Meta-analysis. METHODS: Search was performed following the PRISMA statement using PubMed, Medline, Scopus, and CINAHL. Studies on adult cochlear implant (CI) patients measuring HRQOL before and after cochlear implantation were included. Standardized mean difference (SMD) for each measure and pooled effects were determined...
January 2018: Otology & Neurotology
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