Read by QxMD icon Read

The art of JAMA

Celso Azarias Inguane, Stephen Gloyd, João Luis Manuel, Charlene Brown, Vincent Wong, Orvalho Augusto, Wisal Mustafa Hassan, Lúcia Vieira, Pires Afonso, Mehol Jamnadás, Jama Joy Bernard, James Cowan, Samuel Kalibala, James Pfeiffer
INTRODUCTION: Effectiveness of the rapid expansion of antiretroviral therapy (ART) throughout sub-Saharan Africa is highly dependent on adequate enrolment and retention in HIV care. However, the measurement of both has been challenging in these settings. This study aimed to assess enrolment and retention in HIV care (pre-ART and ART) among HIV-positive adults in Central Mozambique, including identification of barriers and facilitators. METHODS: We assessed linkages to and retention in HIV care using a mixed quantitative and qualitative approach in six districts of Manica and Sofala provinces...
2016: Journal of the International AIDS Society
Rachel Jewkes, Kristin Dunkle, Nwabisa Jama-Shai, Glenda Gray
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a risk factor for HIV acquisition in many settings, but little is known about its impact on cellular immunity especially in HIV infected women, and if any impact differs according to the form of IPV. We tested hypotheses that exposure to IPV, non-partner rape, hunger, pregnancy, depression and substance abuse predicted change in CD4+ and CD8+ T-cell count in a dataset of 103 HIV infected young women aged 15-26 enrolled in a cluster randomised controlled trial. Multiple regression models were fitted to measure rate of change in CD4 and CD8 and including terms for age, person years of CD4+/CD8+ T-cell observation, HIV positivity at baseline, and stratum...
2015: PloS One
(no author information available yet)
With this issue, Pulse begins its second full year as the medical student section of JAMA. The editorial board welcomes the submission of writing, research, and artwork. Individual departments, not necessarily represented in every issue of Pulse, include feature articles, research, abstracts, viewpoints (representing the opinions of individual authors), editorials (representing the consensus of the editorial board), the AMA-MSS chairperson's column, book and software reviews, clinical years (essays relating personal experiences), murmurs (notices of import to medical students), and cover art...
September 5, 1990: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Catherine Belling
This paper suggests that the purpose of humanities teaching within medical education should be primarily to teach and promote the informed, attentive, critical, and precise reading of the multiple texts that constitute medicine as a discursive field-in short, a poetics of medicine. This claim is illustrated by reconsidering Margaret Edson's play Wit, not as it is often used in medical education, as a cautionary tale about unprofessional behavior or as a way to inculcate "humanistic skills," but as an analysis of the relationships between texts and feelings-or cognition and emotion, or science and art...
December 2013: Journal of Medical Humanities
Colleen T Fogarty
Fifty-five word stories are brief pieces of creative writing that use elements of poetry, prose, or both to encapsulate key experiences in health care. These stories have appeared in Family Medicine and JAMA and have been used to teach family medicine faculty development fellows. Writers and readers of 55-word stories gain insight into key moments of the healing arts; the brevity of the pieces adds to both the writing and reading impact. Fifty-five word stories may be used with trainees to stimulate personal reflection on key training experiences or may be used by individual practitioners as a tool for professional growth...
June 2010: Family Medicine
Joelle Van Winghem, Barbara Telfer, Tony Reid, Judith Ouko, Angela Mutunga, Zaina Jama, Shobha Vakil
BACKGROUND: To achieve good clinical outcomes with HAART, patient adherence to treatment and care is a key factor. Since the literature on how to care for pediatric HIV patients is limited, we describe here adherence interventions implemented in our comprehensive care program in a resource-limited setting in Kenya. METHODS: We based our program on factors reported to influence adherence to HIV care and treatment. We describe, in detail, our program with respect to how we adapted our clinical settings, implemented psycho-social support activities for children and their caregivers and developed treatment literacy for children and teenagers living with HIV/AIDS...
2008: BMC Pediatrics
J O Kahn, D W Cherng, K Mayer, H Murray, S Lagakos
CONTEXT: Despite enormous improvements achieved through the use of antiretroviral therapies (ARTs), the risk for eventual human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease progression remains high. Agents that enhance the immunologic mechanism for viral recognition might reduce disease progression. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the addition of HIV-1 Immunogen would confer added clinical efficacy to that achievable by ARTs. DESIGN AND SETTING: Multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized trial beginning March 1996 and ending May 1999 conducted at 77 centers in the United States providing primary care or referral care for persons infected with HIV...
November 1, 2000: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
A Casimiro-Garcia, E De Clercq, C Pannecouque, M Witvrouw, T L Stup, J A Turpin, R W Buckheit, M Cushman
Introduction of an amido group or an amino moiety into the alkenyl linker chain of cosalane (1) provided a new series of analogues 3-8. The new compounds were evaluated as inhibitors of the cytopathic effect of HIV-1 and HIV-2 in cell culture. The replacement of the 1' and 2' carbons in the linker chain of I by an amido group was generally tolerated. The length of the linker chain and the stereochemistry of the substituent at C-3 of the steroidal ring had significant effects on the antiviral activity and potency...
January 2000: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
C Hadigan, C Corcoran, N Basgoz, B Davis, P Sax, S Grinspoon
CONTEXT: A syndrome of lipodystrophy, characterized by fat redistribution and insulin resistance, has been estimated to affect the majority of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals who are treated with combination antiretroviral therapy. There are no proven therapies for the metabolic disturbances associated with HIV lipodystrophy syndrome. OBJECTIVE: To determine the safety and efficacy of metformin therapy in HIV-infected patients with fat redistribution and abnormal glucose homeostasis...
July 26, 2000: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
M M Lederman, H Valdez
Recent dramatic decreases in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-related mortality are largely due to the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). Although immune restoration due to suppression of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) replication is a critical determinant of these trends, the magnitude of immune restoration seen after treatment with HAART varies substantially among treated persons and is generally incomplete. Nonetheless, even partial immune restoration is sufficient to provide protection from most major opportunistic infections; these risks can be largely predicted by the number of circulating CD4 cells...
July 12, 2000: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
M de Martino, P A Tovo, M Balducci, L Galli, C Gabiano, G Rezza, P Pezzotti
CONTEXT: Since the introduction of combined antiretroviral therapy, mortality rates in adults with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection have decreased. However, little information is available outside the setting of controlled trials on survival of perinatally HIV-infected children treated with antiretroviral therapy. OBJECTIVE: To assess effect of availability of antiretroviral therapy on decreasing mortality in perinatally HIV-infected children...
July 12, 2000: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
R T Davey, R L Murphy, F M Graziano, S L Boswell, A T Pavia, M Cancio, J P Nadler, D G Chaitt, R L Dewar, D K Sahner, A M Duliege, W B Capra, W P Leong, M A Giedlin, H C Lane, J O Kahn
CONTEXT: While interleukin 2 (IL-2) is capable of inducing a marked expansion of the CD4 T-lymphocyte pool, limited data exist on whether IL-2 treatment can add significantly to the immunologic and virologic effects of potent antiretroviral therapy (ART). OBJECTIVE: To determine the rate and magnitude of CD4 cell recovery and viral suppression when using a combination therapy of IL-2 and ART compared with ART alone. DESIGN AND SETTING: Randomized, controlled multicenter trial conducted from April 1996 through April 1998 at 8 clinical sites in the United States...
July 12, 2000: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
J P Clark
OBJECTIVE: To determine the representation of the sexes in JAMA cover art. DESIGN: Review of 50 consecutive issues. SETTING: JAMA, March 1997-March 1998. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Numbers and nature of covers portraying men and women. RESULTS: Of the 50 covers, 34 depicted humans. 15 depicted women, 13 men, and 6 were of mixed or indeterminate sex. 11 pictures of women included a child and five included nudity...
December 18, 1999: BMJ: British Medical Journal
C C Blackmore, W C Black, J G Jarvik, C P Langlotz
In summary, the radiology outcomes research literature is both extensive and broad. The methodologic quality, however, is quite variable. Overall, this quality could be improved by intervention in two areas: methodologic dissemination and development. The number of researchers investigating radiology-related outcomes is high, and presently there are over 20 journals devoted exclusively to radiology research. Even with a relatively narrow definition of "outcomes," we identified over 200 radiology outcomes studies, most from the past few years...
January 1999: Academic Radiology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"