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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443994/relationship-between-psychosocial-stress-dimensions-and-salivary-cortisol-in-military-police-officers
#1
Juliana Petri Tavares, Liana Lautert, Tânia Solange Bosi de Souza Magnago, Angélica Rosat Consiglio, Daiane Dal Pai
OBJECTIVE: to analyze the relationship between psychosocial stress dimensions and salivary cortisol in military police officers. METHOD: cross-sectional and analytical study with 134 military police officers. The Effort-Reward Imbalance (ERI) Model scale has been used to assess psychosocial stress. Salivary cortisol was collected in three samples. The following tests were used: Student's t-test, Mann-Whitney, ANOVA, Bonferroni, Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn. Pearson and Spearman correlation methods were used, as well as multiple linear regression...
April 20, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440870/intensity-of-male-male-competition-predicts-morph-diversity-in-a-colour-polymorphic-lizard
#2
Guillem Pérez I de Lanuza, Miguel A Carretero, Enrique Font
Sexual selection is one of the main processes involved in the emergence and maintenance of heritable colour polymorphisms in a variety of taxa. Here we test whether the intensity of sexual selection, estimated from population sex ratio, predicts morph diversity in Podarcis muralis, a colour polymorphic lizard with discrete white, yellow, orange, white-orange, and yellow-orange male and female phenotypes (i.e. morphs). In a sample of 116 Pyrenean populations and 5421 lizards, sex ratios (m/f) vary from 0.29 to 2...
April 25, 2017: Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439149/refinement-and-preliminary-testing-of-an-imagery-based-program-to-improve-coping-and-performance-and-prevent-trauma-among-urban-police-officers
#3
Eamonn Arble, Mark A Lumley, Nnamdi Pole, James Blessman, Bengt B Arnetz
Police officers are regularly exposed to traumatic critical incidents. The substantial mental, behavioral, and social costs of police trauma indicate a substantial need for prevention. We have refined and enhanced a previously tested Swedish program to the harsh conditions of U.S. inner cities. The program was designed to strengthen resilience during stressful encounters and teach methods of coping after exposure, thereby preventing the emergence of maladaptive symptoms and behaviors with adverse effects on professionalism...
March 2017: J Police Crim Psychol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438692/temporal-variation-in-the-operational-sex-ratio-and-male-mating-behaviours-in-reindeer-rangifer-tarandus
#4
Robert B Weladji, Guillaume Body, Øystein Holand, Xiuxiang Meng, Mauri Nieminen
In polygynous species, sexual selection is mostly driven by male ability to monopolize access to females in oestrous. In ungulates, the operational sex ratio (OSR), i.e. the proportion of males to individuals ready to mate, varies throughout the peak rut, resulting from the temporal variation in the number of females in oestrous. But the way males adjust their mating tactics to maximise their access to females in oestrous (i.e. as OSR varies) is yet to be investigated. Using 15 years of behavioural observations in reindeer (Rangifer tarandus), we compared the relative importance of time within the rutting season (days to the peak-rut) and the OSR to explain the variation in the propensity (i...
April 21, 2017: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436518/solution-behaviour-of-poly-n-isopropylacrylamide-stereoisomers-in-water-a-molecular-dynamics-simulation-study
#5
G Paradossi, E Chiessi
The water affinity of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide), PNIPAM, is tuned by tacticity, since the hydrophobicity rises with the increase of the degree of isotacticity. On the basis of this experimental evidence, atomistic molecular dynamics simulations of pairs of PNIPAM stereoisomers in 1.6% w/w polymer aqueous solution, a condition intermediate between the dilute and semidilute regimes, were carried out to comparatively investigate the solution behaviour and hydration of atactic and isotactic-rich PNIPAMs, both below and above the lower critical solution temperature, LCST...
April 24, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430382/mixed-evidence-for-the-erosion-of-inter-tactical-genetic-correlations-through-intralocus-tactical-conflict
#6
Kyana N Pike, Joseph L Tomkins, Bruno A Buzatto
Alternative reproductive tactics, whereby members of the same sex use different tactics to secure matings are often associated with conditional intrasexual dimorphisms. Given the different selective pressures on males adopting each mating tactic,, intrasexual dimorphism is more likely to arise if phenotypes are genetically uncoupled and free to evolve towards their phenotypic optima. However, in this context, genetic correlations between male morphs could result in intralocus tactical conflict. We investigated the genetic architecture of male dimorphism in bulb mites (Rhizoglyphus echinopus) and earwigs (Forficula auricularia)...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425929/contradictions-and-promise-for-end-of-life-communication-among-family-and-friends-death-over-dinner-conversations
#7
Andrea Lambert South, Jessica Elton
The free, open-access website called "Let's Get Together and Talk about Death", or Death over Dinner (DoD), provides resources for initiating end-of-life conversations with family and friends by taking the frightening-talking about death-and transforming it into the familiar-a conversation over dinner. This qualitative, descriptive study uses grounded theory and thematic analysis to answer the following research question: How do friend and family groups communicate about death and dying in DoD conversations? To answer this question, 52 dinner groups were recruited and conversations were conducted, which consisted of a facilitator and volunteers...
April 20, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424901/driving-with-a-neurodegenerative-disorder-an-overview-of-the-current-literature
#8
REVIEW
Milou Jacobs, Ellen P Hart, Raymund A C Roos
Driving is important for employment, social activities, and for the feeling of independence. The decision to cease driving affects the quality of life and has been associated with reduced mobility, social isolation, and sadness. Patients with neurodegenerative disorders can experience difficulties while driving due to their cognitive, motor, and behavioral impairments. The aim of this review is to summarize the available literature on changes in driving competence and behavior in patients with neurodegenerative disorders, with a particular focus on Huntington's (HD), Parkinson's (PD), and Alzheimer's disease (AD)...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423993/lateralization-of-motor-reactions-and-formation-of-behavioural-tactics-during-learning-in-the-eight-arm-radial-maze-in-adolescent-and-adult-rats
#9
Natalia Kurzina, Irina Aristova, Anna Volnova
The problem of motor lateralization in ontogenesis is important for understanding adaptation development. In our experiment adolescent (P28-P30) and adult (P120) rats were trained in an eight-arm radial maze and their motor behaviour compared during training. During learning, the adult rats typically started by moving either left or right direction in the central arena in choosing the way in the maze. The adult rats also developed behavioural tactics to enter maze arms at 45° or 90° relative to the previously visited arm...
April 19, 2017: Laterality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423417/multi-species-mating-disruption-in-cranberries-ericales-ericaceae-early-evidence-using-a-flowable-emulsion
#10
Shawn A Steffan, Elissa M Chasen, Annie E Deutsch, Agenor Mafra-Neto
Pheromone-based mating disruption has proven to be a powerful pest management tactic in many cropping systems. However, in the cranberry system, a viable mating disruption program does not yet exist. There are commercially available pheromones for several of the major pests of cranberries, including the cranberry fruitworm, Acrobasis vaccinii Riley (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) and blackheaded fireworm, Rhopobota naevana (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Previous studies have shown that mating disruption represents a promising approach for R...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423138/intimate-partner-violence-and-maternal-educational-practice
#11
Josianne Maria Mattos da Silva, Marília de Carvalho Lima, Ana Bernarda Ludermir
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to analyze the association between intimate partner violence against women and maternal educational practice directed to children at the beginning of formal education. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study, carried out between 2013 and 2014, with 631 mother/child pairs, registered in the Family Health Strategy of the Health District II of the city of Recife, State of Pernambuco, Brazil. It integrates a prospective cohort study designed to investigate the consequences of exposure to intimate partner violence in relation to the child who was born between 2005 and 2006...
April 10, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420246/husband-s-reaction-to-his-wife-s-sexual-rejection-is-predicted-by-the-time-she-spends-with-her-male-friends-but-not-her-male-coworkers
#12
Tara DeLecce, Nicole Barbaro, Derek Mohamedally, Todd K Shackelford
Males among many species, including humans, evaluate cues of sperm competition risk and adjust accordingly their sperm competition tactics. The number of potential sexual rivals can serve as an index of sperm competition risk. Therefore, men may adjust their in-pair copulatory interest in accordance with the presence of sexual rivals. Using self-reports from 45 married men, we test the hypotheses that the time a man's wife spends with other men-either male friends or male coworkers-will positively predict a man's copulatory interest in his wife (Hypothesis 1) and his anger (Hypothesis 2), upset (Hypothesis 3), and frustration (Hypothesis 4) in response to his wife's sexual rejection...
April 2017: Evolutionary Psychology: An International Journal of Evolutionary Approaches to Psychology and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419175/talent-identification-and-recruitment-in-youth-soccer-recruiter-s-perceptions-of-the-key-attributes-for-player-recruitment
#13
Paul Larkin, Donna O'Connor
Using the modified Delphi method, we aimed to understand the attributes youth coaches and recruiters perceive as important when identifying skilled youth performance at the entry level of representative soccer in Australia (i.e., Under 13 years). Furthermore, we also aimed to describe the current methods youth coaches and recruiters use to assess and identify these attributes in youth players. Australian regional youth technical directors and coaches (n = 20) completed a three stage process, including an initial interview and two subsequent questionnaires, whereby attributes and qualities associated with talent identification were rated and justified according to the importance for youth player performance and talent identification...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419160/an-empirically-grounded-agent-based-model-for-modeling-directs-conflict-detection-and-resolution-operations-in-air-traffic-management
#14
Christian Bongiorno, Salvatore Miccichè, Rosario N Mantegna
We present an agent based model of the Air Traffic Management socio-technical complex system aiming at modeling the interactions between aircraft and air traffic controllers at a tactical level. The core of the model is given by the conflict detection and resolution module and by the directs module. Directs are flight shortcuts that are given by air controllers to speed up the passage of an aircraft within a certain airspace and therefore to facilitate airline operations. Conflicts between flight trajectories can occur for two main reasons: either the planning of the flight trajectory was not sufficiently detailed to rule out all potential conflicts or unforeseen events during the flight require modifications of the flight plan that can conflict with other flight trajectories...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416891/session-rpe-for-quantifying-the-load-of-different-youth-basketball-training-sessions
#15
C Lupo, A Tessitore, L Gasperi, Mar Gomez
The aim of the study was to evaluate youth basketball training, verifying the reliability of the session-RPE method in relation to session duration (< and ≥ 80 minutes) and workout typology (reduced and high warm-up, conditioning, technical, tactical, game portions within a single session) categories. Six male youth basketball players (age, 16.5±0.5 years; height, 195.5±6.75 cm; body mass, 93.9±10.9 kg; and body mass index, 23.6±2.8 kg.m(-2)) were monitored (HR, type and duration of workouts) during 15 (66 individual) training sessions (80±26 minutes)...
March 2017: Biology of Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414355/experimental-study-of-temporal-spatial-binary-pattern-projection-for-3d-shape-acquisition
#16
Pei Zhou, Jiangping Zhu, Xianyu Su, Zhisheng You, Hailong Jing, Chao Xiao, Min Zhong
Three-dimensional (3D) acquisition of an object with modest accuracy and speed is of particular concern in practice. The performance of digital sinusoidal fringe pattern projection using an off-the-shelf digital video projector is generally discounted by the nonlinearity and low switch rate. In this paper, a binary encoding method to encode one computer-generated standard sinusoidal fringe pattern is presented for circumventing such deficiencies. In previous work [Opt. Eng.54, 054108 (2015)OPEGAR0091-328610...
April 10, 2017: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411934/tactical-combat-casualty-care-and-wilderness-medicine-advancing-trauma-care-in-austere-environments
#17
REVIEW
Frank K Butler, Brad Bennett, Colonel Ian Wedmore
Tactical Combat Casualty Care (TCCC) is a set of evidence-based, best-practice prehospital trauma care guidelines customized for use on the battlefield. Military units that have trained all of their unit members in TCCC have now documented the lowest incidence of preventable deaths in the history of modern warfare and TCCC is now the standard for battlefield trauma care in the US Military. TCCC and wilderness medicine share the goal of optimizing care for patients with trauma in austere environments that impose significant challenges in both equipment and evacuation capability...
May 2017: Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409427/environment-polluting-conventional-chemical-control-compared-to-an-environmentally-friendly-ipm-approach-for-control-of-diamondback-moth-plutella-xylostella-l-in-china-a-review
#18
Muhammad Shakeel, Muhammad Farooq, Wajid Nasim, Waseem Akram, Fawad Zafar Ahmad Khan, Waqar Jaleel, Xun Zhu, Haichen Yin, Shuzhong Li, Shah Fahad, Saddam Hussain, Bhagirath Singh Chauhan, Fengliang Jin
The diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella, is recognized as a widely distributed destructive insect pest of Brassica worldwide. The management of this pest is a serious issue, and an estimated annual cost of its management has reached approximately US$4 billion. Despite the fact that chemicals are a serious threat to the environment, lots of chemicals are applied for controlling various insect pests especially P. xylostella. An overreliance on chemical control has not only led to the evolution of resistance to insecticides and to a reduction of natural enemies but also has polluted various components of water, air, and soil ecosystem...
April 13, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407233/language-disorder-and-retrospectively-reported-sexual-abuse-of-girls-severity-and-disclosure
#19
E B Brownlie, Eva Graham, Lin Bao, Emiko Koyama, Joseph H Beitchman
BACKGROUND: Despite emerging evidence for an association between communication disorders and maltreatment, little research has examined sexual abuse characteristics or disclosure experiences among individuals with language disorder (LD). Given that communication difficulties may constitute a barrier to disclosure, the disclosure experiences among individuals with and without communication difficulties may also differ. METHODS: Five-year-old children identified with a language and/or speech disorder from a nonclinical community sample and a control group were followed to adulthood in a prospective longitudinal study...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407061/lifetime-abuse-and-perceived-social-support-among-the-elderly-a-study-from-seven-european-countries
#20
Bahareh Eslami, Mirko Di Rosa, Henrique Barros, Mindaugas Stankunas, Francisco Torres-Gonzalez, Elisabeth Ioannidi-Kapolou, Jutta Lindert, Maria Gabriella Melchiorre
Being a victim of abuse during one's life course may affect social relations in later life. The aims of this study were to: (i) examine the association between lifetime abuse and perceived social support and (ii) identify correlates of perceived social support among older persons living in seven European countries. A sample of 4467 women and men aged 60-84 years living in Germany, Greece, Italy, Lithuania, Portugal, Spain and Sweden was collected through a cross-sectional population-based study. Abuse (psychological, physical, sexual, financial and injury) was assessed through interviews or interviews/self-response questionnaire based on the Conflict Tactics Scale-2 and the UK study on elder abuse...
April 11, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
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