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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931995/descriptive-epidemiology-of-deployment-related-medical-conditions-and-shipboard-training-related-injuries-in-a-chinese-navy-population
#1
R-R Qi, J-Q Wang, L-L Pan, W Zhou, J-L Liu, J-T Ju, Y-L Cai
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the deployment-related medical conditions and shipboard tactical training-related injuries in a Chinese Navy population. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study with the Chinese Navy was conducted. METHODS: The medical records of 1543 Navy crewmembers from 2011 to 2015 were collected. The distribution and incidence rate (IR) of different types of medical conditions were provided and compared between the Aden Gulf deployment and nondeployment periods...
December 2016: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931991/men-s-response-to-their-wives-participation-in-microfinance-perpetration-and-justification-of-intimate-partner-violence-in-bangladesh
#2
N S Murshid
OBJECTIVE: The present study adds to extant literature on the association between microfinance participation and intimate partner violence (IPV) by assessing a national sample of men married to microfinance participants. The key objective was to assess whether there was a positive association between wives' microfinance participation and men's perpetration and justification of IPV in urban areas of Bangladesh. STUDY DESIGN: This study is based on a population-based secondary data analysis...
December 2016: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930455/heart-rate-technical-performance-and-session-rpe-in-elite-youth-soccer-small-sided-games-played-with-wildcard-player
#3
Javier Sanchez-Sanchez, Daniel Hernández, David Casamichana, Cristian Martínez-Salazar, Rodrigo Ramirez-Campillo, Jaime Sampaio
The aim of this study was to compare heart rate (HR), perceived exertion (RPE) and technical-tactical actions during small-sided games (SSG) played without (CTR), with internal (IW) and with IW and external (IEW) wildcard players. A total of 22 young male soccer players (age 17.2±0.9 y) randomly completed six 4vs4 SSG situations. The control conditions occurred with goals scored without goalkeeper (4vs4-NO) and with goalkeeper (4vs4-GK). During the experimental conditions the situations incorporated 2 IW (4vs4+2IW-NO, 4vs4+2IW-GK) and 2 IEW (4vs4+2IW+2IEW-NO, 4vs4+2IW+2IEW-GK)...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927195/intimate-partner-violence-against-married-rural-to-urban-migrant-workers-in-eastern-china-prevalence-patterns-and-associated-factors
#4
Li Chen, Zonghuo Yu, Xianming Luo, Zhaoxin Huang
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a significant public health issue among married rural-to-urban migrant workers, the largest group of internal migrants in China. This study aims to explore the prevalence, patterns and associated factors of intimate partner violence against married rural-to-urban migrant workers in eastern China. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Zhejiang province in China between July 2015 and April 2016, and a total of 1,744 married rural-to-urban migrant workers ultimately took part in the study...
December 7, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925681/measuring-medical-students-motivation-to-learning-anatomy-by-cadaveric-dissection
#5
Eiman M Abdel Meguid, Mohammed K Khalil
Motivation and learning are inter-related. It is well known that motivating learners is clearly a complex endeavor, which can be influenced by the educational program and the learning environment. Limited research has been conducted to examine students' motivation as a method to assess the effectiveness of dissection in medical education. This study aimed to assess and analyze students' motivation following their dissection experience. A 29-item survey was developed based on the Attention, Relevance, Confidence, and Satisfaction model of motivation...
December 7, 2016: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916652/exploring-pericyte-and-cardiac-stem-cell-secretome-unveils-new-tactics-for-drug-discovery
#6
REVIEW
Georgina M Ellison-Hughes, Paolo Madeddu
Ischaemic diseases remain a major cause of morbidity and mortality despite continuous advancements in medical and interventional treatments. Moreover, available drugs reduce symptoms associated with tissue ischaemia, without providing a definitive repair. Cardiovascular regenerative medicine is an expanding field of research that aims to improve the treatment of ischaemic disorders through restorative methods, such as gene therapy, stem cell therapy, and tissue engineering. Stem cell transplantation has salutary effects through direct and indirect actions, the latter being attributable to growth factors and cytokines released by stem cells and influencing the endogenous mechanisms of repair...
December 1, 2016: Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914421/target-depth-estimation-in-active-sonar-cramer-rao-bounds-for-a-bilinear-sound-speed-profile
#7
Alexis Mours, Cornel Ioana, Jérôme I Mars, Nicolas F Josso, Yves Doisy
This paper develops a localization method to estimate the depth of a target in the context of active sonar, at long ranges. The target depth is tactical information for both strategy and classification purposes. The Cramer-Rao lower bounds for the target position as range and depth are derived for a bilinear profile. The influence of sonar parameters on the standard deviations of the target range and depth are studied. A localization method based on ray back-propagation with a probabilistic approach is then investigated...
September 2016: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910106/identification-of-semiochemicals-attractive-to-simulium-vittatum-is-7
#8
G G Verocai, T W McGAHA, J P Iburg, C R Katholi, E W Cupp, R Noblet, T R Unnasch
Many blackfly species (Diptera: Simuliidae) are economically important insect pests, both as nuisance biters and as vectors of pathogens of medical and veterinary relevance. Among the important blackfly pest species in North America is Simulium vittatum Zetterstedt sensu lato. The objective of this study was to identify compounds excreted by mammalian hosts that are attractive to host-seeking S. vittatum females. The attractiveness of putative compounds to colonized S. vittatum was tested through electrophysiological (electroantennography; n = 58 compounds) and behavioural (Y-tube assays; n = 7 compounds in three concentrations) bioassays...
December 2, 2016: Medical and Veterinary Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908665/diffuse-resistance-courtship-in-the-scorpion-rhopalurus-rochai-scorpiones-buthidae
#9
Shayanne Chantall-Rocha, Hilton F Japyassú
Male-female courtship signals are frequently subject to arms races, with patterns of behaviour evolving reciprocally to manipulate the reproductive output. Female resistance should be particularly effective when asymmetrical offspring care occurs under low and unpredictable resource distribution, because this would increase maternal costs. Our hypothesis is that under these conditions females will evolve diffuse mating strategies to avoid predictable exploitation by male optimal counter tactics. Mating in scorpions is a complex process, and female resistance occurs through specific behaviours...
November 28, 2016: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907143/increased-exploration-capacity-promotes-group-fission-in-gregarious-foraging-herbivores
#10
Sophie Lardy, Daniel Fortin, Olivier Pays
Many gregarious species display rapid fission-fusion dynamics with individuals frequently leaving their groups to reunite or to form new ones soon after. The adaptive value of such ephemeral associations might reflect a frequent tilt in the balance between the costs and benefits of maintaining group cohesion. The lack of information on the short-term advantages of group fission, however, hampers our understanding of group dynamics. We investigated the effect of group fission on area-restricted search, a search tactic that is commonly used when food distribution is spatially autocorrelated...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907106/brain-transcriptional-profiles-of-male-alternative-reproductive-tactics-and-females-in-bluegill-sunfish
#11
Charlyn G Partridge, Matthew D MacManes, Rosemary Knapp, Bryan D Neff
Bluegill sunfish (Lepomis macrochirus) are one of the classic systems for studying male alternative reproductive tactics (ARTs) in teleost fishes. In this species, there are two distinct life histories: parental and cuckolder, encompassing three reproductive tactics, parental, satellite, and sneaker. The parental life history is fixed, whereas individuals who enter the cuckolder life history transition from sneaker to satellite tactic as they grow. For this study, we used RNAseq to characterize the brain transcriptome of the three male tactics and females during spawning to identify gene ontology (GO) categories and potential candidate genes associated with each tactic...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906488/total-synthesis-of-leupyrrins-a1-and-b1-highly-potent-antifungal-agents-from-the-myxobacterium-sorangium-cellulosum
#12
Sebastian Thiede, Paul R Wosniok, Daniel Herkommer, Thomas Debnar, Maoqun Tian, Tongtong Wang, Michael Schrempp, Dirk Menche
Full details on the design, elaboration and application of efficient strategies for the high-yielding total syntheses of leupyrrins A1 and B1, unique antifungal agents from the myxobacterium Sorangium cellulosum are reported. A sequential zirconocene-mediated diyne-cyclization and regioselective opening of the zirconacyclopentadiene intermediate enabled a concise entry into the unique dihydrofuran fragment, while another domino reaction was developed for the butyrolactone involving a one-pot lactol opening, stereoselective aldehyde addition and in situ-lactonization...
December 1, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905377/-experience-complex-treatment-of-patients-with-infectious-complications-of-bullet-extremity-fractures-choice-of-tactics-complex-treatment-and-its-efficiency-case-report
#13
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905220/development-of-an-auditory-situation-awareness-test-battery-for-advanced-hearing-protectors-and-tcaps-detection-subtest-of-drilcom-detection-recognition-identification-localization-communication
#14
Kichol Lee, John G Casali
OBJECTIVE: To design a test battery and conduct a proof-of-concept experiment of a test method that can be used to measure the detection performance afforded by military advanced hearing protection devices (HPDs) and tactical communication and protective systems (TCAPS). DESIGN: The detection test was conducted with each of the four loudspeakers located at front, right, rear and left of the participant. Participants wore 2 in-ear-type TCAPS, 1 earmuff-type TCAPS, a passive Combat Arms Earplug in its "open" or pass-through setting and an EB-15LE™ electronic earplug...
December 1, 2016: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901311/video-gaming-as-practical-accomplishment-ethnomethodology-conversation-analysis-and-play
#15
Stuart Reeves, Christian Greiffenhagen, Eric Laurier
Accounts of video game play developed from an ethnomethodological and conversation analytic (EMCA) perspective remain relatively scarce. This study collects together an emerging, if scattered, body of research which focuses on the material, practical "work" of video game players. The study offers an example-driven explication of an EMCA perspective on video game play phenomena. The materials are arranged as a "tactical zoom." We start very much "outside" the game, beginning with a wide view of how massive-multiplayer online games are played within dedicated gaming spaces; here, we find multiple players, machines, and many different sorts of activities going on (besides playing the game)...
November 30, 2016: Topics in Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900511/non-doped-deep-blue-and-doped-white-electroluminescence-devices-based-on-phenanthroimidazole-derivative
#16
Shuo Chen, Yukun Wu, Shoucheng Hu, Yi Zhao, Daining Fang
A novel deep-blue emitter PhImPOTD based on phenathroimidazole was synthesized, which is incorporated by an electron-donating dibenzothiophene unit and electron-withdrawing phenanthroimidazole and diphenylphosphine oxide moieties. Furthermore, the weak π-π stacking and intermolecular aggregation render the photoluminescence quantum yield is as high as 0.34 in the solid state. Non-doped organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs) based on PhImPOTD emitter exhibits a low turn-on voltage of 3.6 V, a favorable efficiency of 1...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Fluorescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898689/the-spatial-properties-of-radical-environmental-organizations-in-the-uk-do-or-die
#17
Zack W Almquist, Benjamin E Bagozzi
Radical environmental groups and their members have a wide and varied agenda which often encompasses both local and global issues. In their efforts to call attention to environmental problems, communicate with like-minded groups, and mobilize support for their activities, radical environmental organizations also produce an enormous amount of text, which can be used to estimate the complex communications and task-based networks that underlie these organizations. Moreover, the tactics employed to garnish attention for these groups' agenda can range from peaceful activities such as information dissemination to violent activities such as fire-bombing buildings...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898265/prospects-for-biological-soil-borne-disease-control-application-of-indigenous-versus-synthetic-microbiomes
#18
Mark Mazzola, Shiri Freilich
Biological disease control of soil-borne plant diseases has traditionally employed the biopesticide approach whereby single strains or strain mixtures are introduced into production systems through inundative/inoculative release. The approach has significant barriers that have long been recognized, including a generally limited spectrum of target pathogens for any given biocontrol agent andinadequate colonization of the host rhizosphere, which can plague progress in the utilization of this resource in commercial field-based crop production systems...
November 29, 2016: Phytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894839/relationship-of-p3b-single-trial-latencies-and-response-times-in-one-two-and-three-stimulus-oddball-tasks
#19
Matthew M Walsh, Glenn Gunzelmann, John R Anderson
The P300 is one of the most widely studied components of the human event-related potential. According to a longstanding view, the P300, and particularly its posterior subcomponent (i.e., the P3b), is driven by stimulus categorization. Whether the P3b relates to tactical processes involved in immediate responding or strategic processes that affect future behavior remains controversial, however. It is difficult to determine whether variability in P3b latencies relates to variability in response times because of limitations in the methods currently available to quantify the latency of the P3b during single trials...
November 25, 2016: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890842/treatment-of-a-patient-with-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-and-hepatocelular-carcinoma
#20
Slobodan Cvetkovic, Igor Koncar, Daniel Galun, Jelena Ribac, Miroslav Markovic, Nikola Ilic, Marko Dragas, Lazar Davidovic
INTRODUCTION: The surgical tactics in cases of AAA and intra-abdominal malignancy are not uniform in the literature and are still a matter of debate. CASE REPORT: In this case report, we present a patient with coexisting AAA and primary liver cancer managed by simultaneous open AAA repair and liver resection After laparotomy and intraoperative liver ultrasonography that confirmed resectability of the tumor, aneurysm repair was performed with aorto-aortic tube grafting after interrenal cross-clamping Radiofrequency-assisted liver transection was performed to complete an anterior anatomic resection of liver segments VI and VII...
November 24, 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
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