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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231260/effects-of-the-skills4genius-sports-based-training-program-in-creative-behavior
#1
Sara Santos, Sergio Jiménez, Jaime Sampaio, Nuno Leite
Team Sports has been suggested as a suitable environment to investigate creative behavior. This study's purpose was two-fold: first, it intended to identify the effects of the Skills4Genius sports-bases training program in thinking, motor, and in-game creative behavior in team sports. Second, it aimed to investigate the relationship between creative thinking and in-game creativity. Forty children from primary school were allocated into control (n = 18, age: 9.2±0.4) and experimental (n = 22, age: 9.5±0.7) groups...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229486/biomineralization-from-material-tactics-to-biological-strategy
#2
REVIEW
Shasha Yao, Biao Jin, Zhaoming Liu, Changyu Shao, Ruibo Zhao, Xiaoyu Wang, Ruikang Tang
Biomineralization is an important tactic by which biological organisms produce hierarchically structured minerals with marvellous functions. Biomineralization studies typically focus on the mediation function of organic matrices on inorganic minerals, which helps scientists to design and synthesize bioinspired functional materials. However, the presence of inorganic minerals may also alter the native behaviours of organic matrices and even biological organisms. This progress report discusses the latest achievements relating to biomineralization mechanisms, the manufacturing of biomimetic materials and relevant applications in biological and biomedical fields...
February 23, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228972/emergency-preparedness-and-management-at-the-university-of-l-aquila-central-italy-and-the-role-of-students-associations-in-the-april-6th-2009-earthquake
#3
Michele Magni, Rita Fraboni, Fausto Marincioni
INTRODUCTION: On April 6th 2009 an earthquake of Mw=6.3 hit the historical downtown of L'Aquila and its hinterland causing more than 300 fatalities and severe damage to private and public buildings. At the time, the University of L'Aquila represented a major source of employment and income for the city. The earthquake impacted both the facilities and the administrative, financial and patrimonial activities of the university, bringing into the open the tendency - widespread in Italy - to rely on adaptive tactics rather than on strategic pre-disaster plans...
January 12, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226334/prescription-opioid-abuse-in-chronic-pain-an-updated-review-of-opioid-abuse-predictors-and-strategies-to-curb-opioid-abuse-part-2
#4
Alan D Kaye, Mark R Jones, Adam M Kaye, Juan G Ripoll, Donald E Jones, Vincent Galan, Burton D Beakley, Frank Calixto, Jamie L Bolden, Richard D Urman, Laxmaiah Manchikanti
Chronic pain and prescription opioid abuse are extremely prevalent in the United States and worldwide. The consequences of opioid misuse can be life-threatening with significant morbidity and mortality, exacting a heavy toll on patients, physicians, and society. The risk for misuse of prescribed opioids is much higher in patients with chronic pain, especially those with concurrent substance use and /or mental health disorders. Several reasons can account for the occurrence of opioid abuse and misuse, including self-medication, use for reward, compulsive use related to addiction, and diversion for profit...
February 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225822/a-reconfiguration-of-the-sex-trade-how-social-and-structural-changes-in-eastern-zimbabwe-left-women-involved-in-sex-work-and-transactional-sex-more-vulnerable
#5
Jocelyn Elmes, Morten Skovdal, Kundai Nhongo, Helen Ward, Catherine Campbell, Timothy B Hallett, Constance Nyamukapa, Peter J White, Simon Gregson
Understanding the dynamic nature of sex work is important for explaining the course of HIV epidemics. While health and development interventions targeting sex workers may alter the dynamics of the sex trade in particular localities, little has been done to explore how large-scale social and structural changes, such as economic recessions-outside of the bounds of organizational intervention-may reconfigure social norms and attitudes with regards to sex work. Zimbabwe's economic collapse in 2009, following a period (2000-2009) of economic decline, within a declining HIV epidemic, provides a unique opportunity to study community perceptions of the impact of socio-economic upheaval on the sex trade...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225742/review-of-military-and-civilian-trauma-registries-does-consensus-matter
#6
Thijs T C F van Dongen, Johan de Graaf, Eelco P Huizinga, Howard R Champion, Rigo Hoencamp, Luke P H Leenen
BACKGROUND: Structural collection of data from combat injuries is important to improve provided care and the outcome of (combat) casualties. Trauma registries are used in civilian and military health care systems for systematic administration of injury data. However, these registries often use different methods of data management, compromising international comparison of trauma systems. The aim of this review is to aid in reaching international (coalition-wide) consensus for compatible data collection methods with uniform definitions, which is needed for transnational research and subsequent improvement of medical support organizations...
March 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220500/neuroplus-biofeedback-improves-attention-resilience-and-injury-prevention-in-elite-soccer-players
#7
Aiace Rusciano, Giuliano Corradini, Ivilin Stoianov
Performance and injury prevention in elite soccer players are typically investigated from physical-tactical, biomechanical, and metabolic perspectives. However, executive functions, visuospatial abilities, and psychophysiological adaptability or resilience are also fundamental for efficiency and well-being in sports. Based on previous research associating autonomic flexibility with prefrontal cortical control, we designed a novel integrated autonomic biofeedback training method called Neuroplus to improve resilience, visual attention, and injury prevention...
February 21, 2017: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219471/a-descriptive-analysis-of-tactical-casualty-care-interventions-performed-by-law-enforcement-personnel-in-the-state-of-wisconsin-2010-2015
#8
Chad M Stiles, Christopher Cook, Matthew D Sztajnkrycer
: Introduction Based upon military experience, law enforcement has developed guidelines for medical care during high-threat conditions. The purpose of the current study was to provide a descriptive analysis of reported outcomes of law enforcement medical interventions. METHODS: This was a descriptive analysis of a convenience sample of cases submitted to the Wisconsin Tactical Medicine Initiative (Wisconsin USA), after the provision of successful patient care, between January 2010 and December 2015...
February 21, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219429/engaging-with-complexity-to-improve-the-health-of-indigenous-people-a-call-for-the-use-of-systems-thinking-to-tackle-health-inequity
#9
EDITORIAL
Alison Hernández, Ana Lorena Ruano, Bruno Marchal, Miguel San Sebastián, Walter Flores
The 400 million indigenous people worldwide represent a wealth of linguistic and cultural diversity, as well as traditional knowledge and sustainable practices that are invaluable resources for human development. However, indigenous people remain on the margins of society in high, middle and low-income countries, and they bear a disproportionate burden of poverty, disease, and mortality compared to the general population. These inequalities have persisted, and in some countries have even worsened, despite the overall improvements in health indicators in relation to the 15-year push to meet the Millennium Development Goals...
February 21, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215013/crowded-skies-conflicts-between%C3%A2-expanding%C3%A2-goose-populations-and-aviation-safety
#10
David R Bradbeer, Camilla Rosenquist, Thomas Kjær Christensen, Anthony D Fox
We here review the collision risks posed by large-bodied, flocking geese to aircraft, exacerbated by recent major increases in northern hemisphere goose populations and air traffic volume. Mitigation of goose-aircraft strike risks requires knowledge of local goose movements, global goose population dynamics and ecology. Airports can minimise goose strikes by managing habitats within the airport property, applying deterrents to scare geese away and lethal control, but goose migration and movements at greater spatial scales present greater challenges...
March 2017: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210345/the-dutch-technical-tactical-tennis-test-d4t-for-talent-identification-and-development-psychometric-characteristics
#11
Nikki Kolman, Barbara Huijgen, Tamara Kramer, Marije Elferink-Gemser, Chris Visscher
This study examined the test-retest reliability, validity and feasibility of the newly developed Dutch Technical-Tactical Tennis Test (D4T). This new test is relevant for talent identification and development in tennis. Thirty-two youth male tennis players (age 13.4 ± 0.5) were classified as elite (n = 15) or sub-elite (n = 17) according to their position on the national youth ranking list under 15 years (cut-off rank 50) in the Netherlands. Games, rallies and different tactical situations (i.e. offensive, neutral and defensive) were simulated with a ball machine...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210334/a-shot-number-based-approach-to-performance-analysis-in-table-tennis
#12
Sho Tamaki, Kazuto Yoshida, Koshi Yamada
The current study proposes a novel approach that improves the conventional performance analysis in table tennis by introducing the concept of frequency, or the number of shots, of each shot number. The improvements over the conventional method are as follows: better accuracy of the evaluation of skills and tactics of players, additional insights into scoring and returning skills and ease of understanding the results with a single criterion. The performance analysis of matches played at the 2012 Summer Olympics in London was conducted using the proposed method...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208114/efficient-degradation-of-chlorimuron-ethyl-by-a-bacterial-consortium-and-shifts-in-the-aboriginal-microorganism-community-during-the-bioremediation-of-contaminated-soil
#13
Chunyan Li, Tongyang Lv, Wanjun Liu, Hailian Zang, Yi Cheng, Dapeng Li
Excessive application of chlorimuron-ethyl has led to soil contamination and limited crop rotation; therefore, tactics to decrease and eliminate residual chlorimuron-ethyl in the environment have attracted increasing attention. In this study, two chlorimuron-ethyl-degrading bacterial strains (Rhodococcus sp. D310-1; Enterobacter sp. D310-5) were used to ferment and prepare a chlorimuron-ethyl-degrading bacterial consortium. To improve the degradation efficiency of the bacterial consortium, the cultivation conditions were optimized using response surface methodology (RSM)...
February 13, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203211/ethnic-minorities-impression-management-in-the-interview-helping-or-hindering
#14
Eva Derous
Cross-cultural impression management (IM) has not been considered much, which is remarkable given the fast rate at which the labor market is becoming multicultural. This study investigated whether ethnic minorities and majorities differed in their preference for IM-tactics and how this affected ethnic minorities' interview outcomes. A preliminary study (focus groups/survey) showed that ethnic minorities (i.e., Arab/Moroccans) preferred 'entitlements' whereas majorities (i.e., Flemish/Belgians) preferred 'opinion conformity' as IM-tactics...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199300/plant-infection-a-decoy-tactic
#15
Grant Miura
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2017: Nature Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199265/a-decision-support-approach-for-provider-scheduling-in-a-patient-centered-medical-home
#16
Renata Konrad, Sarah Ficarra, Catherine Danko, Rachel Wallace, Cliona Archambeault
The patient-centered medical home (PCMH) has been proposed as a viable and medically effective model of primary care delivery. The fundamental principles of a PCMH address increased access and offer new ways to organize a practice. Creating provider schedules able to satisfy the operational and organizational constraints imposed by this type of delivery model is a challenging, complex, and time-consuming task.This article presents a two-step approach for scheduling providers and prospectively assessing the consequences of various schedules on patient throughput without experimenting on the real-world system...
January 2017: Journal of Healthcare Management / American College of Healthcare Executives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198810/reference-genes-for-quantitative-real-time-pcr-analysis-in-symbiont-entomomyces-delphacidicola-of-nilaparvata-lugens-st%C3%A3-l
#17
Pin-Jun Wan, Yao-Hua Tang, San-Yue Yuan, Jia-Chun He, Wei-Xia Wang, Feng-Xiang Lai, Qiang Fu
Nilaparvata lugens (Stål) (Hemiptera: Delphacidae) is a major rice pest that harbors an endosymbiont ascomycete fungus, Entomomyces delphacidicola str. NLU (also known as yeast-like symbiont, YLS). Driving by demand of novel population management tactics (e.g. RNAi), the importance of YLS has been studied and revealed, which greatly boosts the interest of molecular level studies related to YLS. The current study focuses on reference genes for RT-qPCR studies related to YLS. Eight previously unreported YLS genes were cloned, and their expressions were evaluated for N...
February 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195676/investigation-of-tacticity-and-living-characteristics-of-photoredox-mediated-metal-free-ring-opening-metathesis-polymerization
#18
Laura M M Pascual, Adam E Goetz, Adrienne M Roehrich, Andrew J Boydston
This study investigated the microstructures of polymers produced via photoredox-mediated metal-free ring-opening metathesis polymerization. Polynorbornene, poly(exo-dihydrodicyclopentadiene), and poly(endo-dicyclopentadiene) were found to have cis olefin contents of 23%, 24%, and 28%, respectively. Additionally, the cis/trans ratio remained consistent during the course of norbornene polymerization. Polymer tacticity was evaluated by quantitative (13) C NMR spectroscopy, which revealed each polymer to be largely atactic...
February 13, 2017: Macromolecular Rapid Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191628/to-graze-or-gorge-consistency-and-flexibility-of-individual-foraging-tactics-in-tits
#19
Nicole D Milligan, Reinder Radersma, Ella F Cole, Ben C Sheldon
An individual's foraging behaviour and time allocated to feeding have direct consequences for its fitness. Despite much research on population-level foraging decisions, few studies have investigated individual differences in fine-scale daily foraging patterns amongst wild animals. Here, we explore the consistency and plasticity of feeding tactics of individual great tits (Parus major) and blue tits (Cyanistes caeruleus), using a grid of 65 automated feeding stations in a 385-ha woodland, during three winters...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Animal Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188550/quantification-of-the-fate-of-mesotrione-applied-alone-or-in-a-herbicide-mixture-in-two-brazilian-arable-soils
#20
Kassio Ferreira Mendes, Bianca Assis Barbosa Martins, Marcelo Rodrigues Dos Reis, Rodrigo Floriano Pimpinato, Valdemar Luiz Tornisielo
The effects of mesotrione, S-metolachlor, and terbuthylazine, applied in mixture, on soil biodegradation remain insufficiently researched. However, herbicide mixtures have been a common practice in agricultural systems in the last years. Understanding the fate of soil-applied herbicides may help on planning weed management tactics towards more sustainable and efficient weed control. Therefore, this study evaluated the fate of mesotrione alone and in mixture with S-metolachlor and terbuthylazine when applied to two contrasting arable Brazilian soils...
February 10, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
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