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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544921/in-situ-formed-copper-nanoparticles-templated-by-tdt-mediated-dna-for-enhanced-spr-sensor-based-dna-assay
#1
Pei-Xin Yuan, Sheng-Yuan Deng, Chen-Yu Zheng, Serge Cosnier, Dan Shan
For the efficient surface plasmon resonance (SPR)-based DNA assay researching, signal amplification tactics were absolutely necessary. In this work, a sensitive SPR-DNA sensor was developed by employing in situ synthesis of copper nanoparticles (CuNPs) templated by poly-T sequences DNA from terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT)-mediated extension, and synergistically with nano-effect deposition as the mass relay. The objective of this strategy was manifold: firstly, tDNA hybridized with the optimal designed probes to active the TdT-mediated DNA extension onto the surface of SPR chip, resulted a long poly-T sequences ssDNA chain in dsDNA terminal onto surface of gold chip and characterized by SPR signal amplitudes...
May 18, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541965/increasing-health-portal-utilization-in-cardiac-ambulatory-patients-a-pilot-project
#2
Carmen L Shaw, Gayle L Casterline, Dennis Taylor, Maureen Fogle, Bradi Granger
Increasing health portal participation actively engages patients in their care and improves outcomes. The primary aim for this project was to increase patient health portal utilization. Nurses used a tablet-based demo to teach patients how to navigate the health portal. Assigning health videos to the portal was a tactic used to increase utilization. Each patient participant was surveyed about health portal utilization at initial nurse navigator appointment, day of procedure, and 30 days after discharge. Seventy-three percent (n = 14) of the 19 selected patients received the intervention; 36% (n = 4) of patients reported using a health portal feature; meaningful use metric preintervention increased from 12% to 16% after the intervention; 16% and 18% of patients viewed assigned videos in their health portal prior to procedure and after hospital discharge...
May 25, 2017: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540452/can-youth-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-use-virtual-reality-driving-simulation-training-to-evaluate-and-improve-driving-performance-an-exploratory-study
#3
Daniel J Cox, Timothy Brown, Veerle Ross, Matthew Moncrief, Rose Schmitt, Gary Gaffney, Ron Reeve
Investigate how novice drivers with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) differ from experienced drivers and whether virtual reality driving simulation training (VRDST) improves ASD driving performance. 51 novice ASD drivers (mean age 17.96 years, 78% male) were randomized to routine training (RT) or one of three types of VRDST (8-12 sessions). All participants followed DMV behind-the-wheel training guidelines for earning a driver's license. Participants were assessed pre- and post-training for driving-specific executive function (EF) abilities and tactical driving skills...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538304/a-performance-analysis-of-a-stand-up-paddle-board-marathon-race
#4
Ben L Schram, Wayne A Hing, Mike Climstein, James W Furness
Schram, BL, Hing, WA, Climstein, M, and Furness, JW. A performance analysis of a stand-up paddle board marathon race. J Strength Cond Res 31(6): 1552-1556, 2017-Stand-up paddle boarding (SUP) is a rapidly growing sport and recreational activity in which little scientific research exists. A review of the literature failed to identify a single article pertaining to the physiological demands of SUP competition. The purpose of this study was to conduct a performance analysis of a national-level SUP marathon race...
June 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538300/the-influence-of-pitch-size-on-running-performance-and-physiological-responses-during-hurling-specific-small-sided-games
#5
Shane Malone, Kieran D Collins
Malone, S and Collins, K. The Influence of pitch size on running performance and physiological responses during hurling-specific small-sided games. J Strength Cond Res 31(6): 1518-1524, 2017-The current study examined how the impact of pitch dimensions influences physiological and running performance during 4-minute small-sided games (SSGs). Twenty-four (n = 24) hurling players were monitored with global positioning system and heart rate monitors during the in-season training period. Total distance (in meters), high-speed running distance (in meters) (≥17 km·h), very high-speed running distance (≥22 km·h) (in meters), total accelerations (n), acceleration distance (in meters), and peak and mean velocity (in kilometers per hour) were calculated...
June 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537791/mental-rotation-of-tactical-instruction-displays-affects-information-processing-demand-and-execution-accuracy-in-basketball
#6
Till Koopmann, Yvonne Steggemann-Weinrich, Jochen Baumeister, Daniel Krause
PURPOSE: In sports games, coaches often use tactic boards to present tactical instructions during time-outs (e.g., 20 s to 60 s in basketball). Instructions should be presented in a way that enables fast and errorless information processing for the players. The aim of this study was to test the effect of different orientations of visual tactical displays on observation time and execution performance. High affordances in visual-spatial transformation (e.g., mental rotation processes) might impede information processing and might decrease execution performance with regard to the instructed playing patterns...
May 24, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532982/maternal-and-paternal-physical-abuse-unique-and-joint-associations-with-child-behavioral-problems
#7
Naixue Cui, Janet A Deatrick, Jianghong Liu
Although there is a substantial amount of literature documenting the relationship between child abuse and behavioral problems in China, there is, on the other hand, a limited number of studies on the joint and unique associations of maternal and paternal physical abuse with child behaviors within the Chinese context. The present study, using the family systems theory as the theoretical framework, aims to examine these joint and the unique associations of maternal and paternal physical abuse with externalizing and internalizing behaviors among a community sample of Chinese children...
May 19, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530528/objectifying-tactics-athlete-and-race-variability-in-elite-short-track-speed-skating
#8
Marco J Konings, Florentina J Hettinga
PURPOSE: To objectively capture and understand tactical considerations in a race, we explored whether race-to-race variation of an athlete and the variation of competitors within a race could provide insight into how and when athletes modify their pacing decisions in response to other competitors. METHODS: Lap times of elite 500, 1000 and 1500 m short-track speed skating competitions between 2011-2016 (n=6965 races) were collected. Log-transformed lap and finishing times were analyzed with mixed linear models...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523103/toward-resolving-the-resveratrol-conundrum-synthesis-and-in-vivo-pharmacokinetic-evaluation-of-bcp-resveratrol
#9
Yi Ling Goh, Yan Ting Cui, Vishal Pendharkar, Vikrant A Adsool
Over the last few decades, resveratrol has gained significance due to its impressive array of biological activities; however, its true potential as a drug has been severely constrained by its poor bioavailability. Indeed, several studies have implicated this bioavailability trait as a major road-block to resveratrol's potential clinical applications. To mitigate this pharmacokinetic issue, we envisioned a tactical bioisosteric modification of resveratrol to bicyclo[1.1.1]pentane (BCP) resveratrol. Relying on the beneficial bioisosteric potential demonstrated by the BCP-scaffold, we hypothesized that BCP-resveratrol would have an inherently better in vivo PK profile as compared to its natural counterpart...
May 11, 2017: ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516848/the-role-of-psychopathic-traits-in-female-sexual-coercion
#10
Holly A Miller, Jeffrey A Bouffard, Cassidy A DeHaan
Researchers have consistently found a relationship between psychopathy and the use of sexual coercion in samples of males with and without previous sexual arrests (Abbey, Jacques-Tiura, & LeBreton, 2011; Hare, 1991; Hersh & Gray-Little, 1998; Seto & Lalumiere, 2000). Although there is growing recognition that females also engage in sexually coercive behavior, current understanding of female coercion is limited (Bouffard, Bouffard, & Miller, 2015; Cortoni, Hanson, & Coache, 2010; Muñoz, Khan, & Cordwell, 2011)...
May 17, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516320/how-does-the-presence-of-a-conspecific-individual-change-the-behavioral-game-that-a-predator-plays-with-its-prey
#11
Reut Vardi, Zvika Abramsky, Burt P Kotler, Ofir Altstein, Michael L Rosenzweig
Behavioral games predators play among themselves may have profound effects on behavioral games predators play with their prey. We studied the behavioral game between predators and prey within the framework of social foraging among predators. We tested how conspecific interactions among predators (little egret) change the predator-prey behavioral game and foraging success. To do so, we examined foraging behavior of egrets alone and in pairs (male and female) in a specially designed aviary consisting of three equally spaced pools with identical initial prey (comet goldfish) densities...
May 17, 2017: Oecologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514921/a-study-of-relationships-among-technical-tactical-physical-parameters-and-final-outcomes-in-elite-soccer-matches-as-analyzed-by-a-semiautomatic-video-tracking-system
#12
Cristoforo Filetti, Bruno Ruscello, Stefano D'Ottavio, Vito Fanelli
The performance of a soccer team depends on many factors such as decision-making, cognitive and physical skills, and dynamic ever-changing space-time interactions between teammate and opponents in relation to the ball. Seventy ( n = 70) matches of the Italian SERIE A season 2013-2014 were investigated to analyze the mean performance of 360 players in terms of physical (physical efficiency index; PEI) and technical-tactical (technical efficiency index; TEI) standpoints. Using a semiautomatic video analysis system that has incorporated new parameters able to measure technical-tactical and physical efficiency (Patent IB2010/002593, 2011-ISA), the correlation between these new variables and how much it relates to the likelihood of winning were verified...
June 2017: Perceptual and Motor Skills
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514376/-ray-diagnostics-and-surgical-tactics-for-chronic-pancreatitis
#13
A G Krieger, G G Karmazanovsky, A V Smirnov
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514333/-diagnosis-of-refractory-forms-of-chronic-primary-headache
#14
E V Ekusheva, A R Artemenko, V V Osipova
A number of patients with primary headaches remain insensitive or refractory to treatment despite correctly selected drugs, adequate therapeutic dose and duration of therapy. The importance of refractory problem is determined by the fact that patients are completely maladjusted, disabled, and keeping these patients is very difficult even for seasoned professionals. Determination of the correct tactics and success of the treatment depends, in the first place, on the correct diagnosis. This article discusses the diagnostic criteria for the most important forms such as refractory chronic migraine or refractory chronic cluster headache presented by experts of the European Headache Federation in two separate Consensus...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509721/bundled-payments-for-care-improvement-preparing-for-the-medical-diagnosis-related-groups
#15
Lauran Hardin, Adam Kilian, Elizabeth Murphy
BACKGROUND: The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services Innovation Center introduced the Bundled Payments for Care Improvement (BPCI) initiative in 2011 as 1 strategy to encourage healthcare organizations and clinicians to improve healthcare delivery for patients, both when they are in the hospital and after they are discharged. Mercy Health Saint Mary's, a large urban academic medical center, engaged in BPCI primarily with a group of medical diagnosis-related groups (DRGs). OBJECTIVES: In this article, we describe our experience creating a system of response for the diverse people and diagnoses that fall into the medical DRG bundles and specifically identify organizational factors for enabling successful implementation of bundled payments...
June 2017: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508134/effect-of-combat-stress-in-the-psychophysiological-response-of-elite-and-non-elite-soldiers
#16
José Francisco Tornero-Aguilera, José Juan Robles-Pérez, Vicente Javier Clemente-Suárez
We aimed to analyse the effect of combat stress in the psychophysiological responses of elite and non-elite soldiers. We analysed heart rate, cortical arousal, skin temperature, blood lactate concentration and lower body muscular strength before and after a tactical combat simulation in 40 warfighters divided in two groups: elite (n: 20; 28.5 ± 6.38 years) and non-elite (n:20; 31.94 ± 6.24 years) group. Elite presented a significantly higher lactate concentration after combat than non elite soldiers (3...
June 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507655/how-are-pharmacists-in-ontario-adapting-to-practice-change-results-of-a-qualitative-analysis-using-kotter-s-change-management-model
#17
Beatriz Teixeira, Paul A M Gregory, Zubin Austin
BACKGROUND: The pace of practice change in community pharmacy over the past decade has been significant, yet there is little evidence documenting implementation of change in the profession. METHODS: Kotter's change management model was selected as a theoretical framework for this exploratory qualitative study. Community pharmacists were interviewed using a semistructured protocol based on Kotter's model. Data were analyzed and coded using a constant-comparative iterative method aligned with the stages of change management outlined by Kotter...
May 2017: Canadian Pharmacists Journal: CPJ, Revue des Pharmaciens du Canada: RPC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505953/understanding-the-complete-pathophysiology-of-chronic-mild-to-moderate-neck-pain-implications-for-the-inclusion-of-a-comprehensive-sensorimotor-evaluation
#18
Kelly M Cheever, J William Myrer, A Wayne Johnson, Gilbert W Fellingham
BACKGROUND: Inconsistencies in the literature concerning the effect of neck pain have led to a lack of understanding concerning the complete pathophysiology of neck pain. While the effect of neck pain on motor function as measured by active range of motion and isometric neck strength is well documented the effect of neck pain on sensory measures such as tactical acuity and neck reposition error (NRE) remain poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate a combined sensorimotor evaluation to explore the potential benefits of incorporating both sensory and motor task into a physical evaluation of neck pain suffers to gain an added knowledge of the complete pathophysiology of their health status...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505282/survival-and-locomotory-behavior-of-earwigs-after-exposure-to-reduced-risk-insecticides
#19
Catarina D Freitas, Lessando M Gontijo, Raul Narciso C Guedes, Mateus Chediak
The conservation of natural enemies is an important tactic to promote biological control of arthropod pests. The earwig Doru luteipes (Sccuder) is the most important predator of the fall armyworm Spodoptera frugiperda (J.E. Smith) in corn fields. One way of conserving these predators in the field is by using only selective insecticides when the pest population reaches the economic threshold. Some recent insecticides such as azadirachtin, chlorantraniliprole, and novaluron have been claimed to pose reduced risk for natural enemies...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503526/be-seeded-or-not-be-seeded-a-study-with-olympic-judo-athletes
#20
Leandro Marques Guilheiro, Emerson Franchini
The main purpose of the present study was to calculate the probability-based on a Bayesian approach-to win a medal in the Olympic Games given the athlete is seeded and to verify if the number one ranked athlete has any advantage compared to other seeded athletes concerning his/her chances to be Olympic champion. For this, data from athletes who took part in the London 2012 and Rio 2016 Olympic Games were considered. For males the probability of seeded athletes to win a medal was 41.1% and 42.9%, while for females it was 35...
April 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
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