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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040346/heterogeneity-in-body-contouring-outcomes-based-research-the-pittsburgh-body-contouring-complication-reporting-system
#1
Rachel A Guest, Dalit Amar, Sharona Czerniak, Stephanie E Dreifuss, Mark A Schusterman, Elizabeth M Kenny, Eva F Chernoff, Joshua M Barnett, Kathleen R Koesarie, Jeffrey A Gusenoff
Background: Body contouring complications after massive weight loss (MWL) vary significantly in frequency and type. Currently, no standardized recommendations exist regarding which complications are most important to report. Objectives: We aim to provide a guideline for complication reporting in the body contouring literature. The Pittsburgh Body Contouring Complication Reporting System (PBCCRS) will aid in risk stratification of body contouring procedures and will decrease under-, over-, and nonreporting of complications...
June 15, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040209/inherited-and-acquired-clinical-phenotypes-associated-with-neuroendocrine-tumors
#2
Rory E Nicholaides, M Teresa de la Morena
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Overview of neuroendocrine neoplasms in the context of their associations with primary and secondary immunodeficiency states. RECENT FINDINGS: Malignancies of neuroendocrine origin are well known to be associated with hereditary syndromes, including multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1, von Hippel-Lindau syndrome, neurofibromatosis type 1, and tuberous sclerosis. This review includes the X-linked form of hyper-IgM syndrome (XHIGM), due to mutations in the CD40Ligand gene (CD40LG), as an additional inherited disorder with susceptibility to such malignancies, and discusses neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) arising in other immunocompromised states...
October 16, 2017: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040162/aids-defining-events-and-deaths-in-hiv-infected-children-and-adolescents-on-antiretrovirals-a-14-year-study-in-thailand
#3
Patrinee Traisathit, Tristan Delory, Nicole Ngo-Giang-Huong, Rosalin Somsamai, Pornchai Techakunakorn, Sookchai Theansavettrakul, Suparat Kanjanavanit, Jutarat Mekmullica, Chaiwat Ngampiyaskul, Sathaporn Na-Rajsima, Marc Lallemant, Tim R Cressey, Gonzague Jourdain, Intira Jeannie Collins, Sophie Le Coeur
BACKGROUND: Data are scarce on the long-term clinical outcomes of perinatally HIV-infected children and adolescents receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) in low/middle-income countries. We assessed the incidence of mortality before (early) and after (late) 6-month of ART and of the composite outcome of new/recurrent AIDS-defining-event or death >6 months after ART start (late AIDS/death) and their associated factors. METHODS: Study population was perinatally HIV-infected children (≤18 years) initiating ART within the Program for HIV Prevention and Treatment observational cohort (NCT00433030)...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039984/financial-barriers-and-lapses-in-treatment-and-care-of-hiv-infected-adults-in-a-southern-state-in-the-united-states
#4
David A Wohl, Rita K Kuwahara, Kamran Javadi, Christine Kirby, David L Rosen, Sonia Napravnik, Claire Farel
Antiretroviral (ARV) adherence has largely been considered from the perspective of an individual's behavior with less attention given to potential structural causes for lapses in treatment, such as the cost of medications and care. HIV medication expense is typically covered by third party payers. However, private insurance premiums and deductibles may rise, or policies terminated such as with a change in employment. Likewise, a patient's eligibility for publicly funded coverage like state AIDS Drug Assistance Programs (ADAP) or Medicaid can also be lost...
October 17, 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035948/hiv-and-aging-role-of-the-microbiome
#5
Seema N Desai, Alan L Landay
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this article is to review age-associated alterations in microbiota composition, diversity and functional features in context of immune senescence, chronic inflammation and comorbidities associated with HIV infection. The overall goal is to assess whether modulating the microbiome will likely improve resilience of the immune system and augment return to health. RECENT FINDINGS: Alteration in the gut microbiota composition diversity and function occur in HIV and aging...
October 14, 2017: Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033943/human-immunodeficiency-virus-1-and-type-i-interferons-where-sex-makes-a-difference
#6
REVIEW
Susanne Maria Ziegler, Marcus Altfeld
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 epidemic continues to represent a global health problem that is over-proportionally affecting women from sub-Saharan Africa. Besides social and environmental factors, the modulation of immunological pathways by sex hormones and gene dosage effects of X chromosomal-encoded genes have been suggested to lead to differential outcomes in HIV-1 disease. Women present with lower HIV-1 loads early in infection. However, the progression to AIDS for the same level of viremia is faster in women than in men...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033906/long-non-coding-rnas-in-hepatitis-c-virus-infected-cells
#7
REVIEW
Marina Barriocanal, Puri Fortes
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) often leads to a chronic infection in the liver that may progress to steatosis, fibrosis, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Several viral and cellular factors are required for a productive infection and for the development of liver disease. Some of these are long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) deregulated in infected cells. After HCV infection, the sequence and the structure of the viral RNA genome are sensed to activate interferon (IFN) synthesis and signaling pathways. These antiviral pathways regulate transcription of several cellular lncRNAs...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031808/specific-disruption-of-contextual-memory-recall-by-sparse-additional-activity-in-the-dentate-gyrus
#8
Hye-Yeon Cho, Mujun Kim, Jin-Hee Han
The dentate gyrus (DG) of the hippocampus is essential for contextual and spatial memory processing. While lesion or silencing of the DG impairs contextual memory encoding and recall, overly activated DG also prevents proper memory retrieval. Abnormally elevated activity in the DG is repeatedly reported in amnesic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) patients or aged adults. Although the correlation between memory failure and abnormally active hippocampus is clear, their causal relationship or the underlying nature of such interfering activity is not well understood...
October 12, 2017: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030717/baseline-cigarette-smoking-status-as-a-predictor-of-virologic-suppression-and-cd4-cell-count-during-one-year-follow-up-in-substance-users-with-uncontrolled-hiv-infection
#9
Theresa Winhusen, Daniel J Feaster, Rui Duan, Jennifer L Brown, Eric S Daar, Raul Mandler, Lisa R Metsch
Cigarette smoking is prevalent in people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIV) who abuse alcohol and/or illicit substances. This study evaluated whether smoking is predictive of virologic non-suppression (> 200 copies/mL) and low CD4 count (< 200 cells/mm(3)) during 1-year follow-up in medically hospitalized, substance-using PLHIV recruited for a multi-site trial. Smoking status was assessed with the Heaviness of Smoking Index (HSI). Analyses revealed that, controlling for baseline differences and adherence to antiretroviral therapy, non-smokers (n = 237), compared to smokers scoring in the medium-to-high range on the HSI (n = 386), were significantly more likely to achieve viral suppression (OR 1...
October 13, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030391/the-effect-of-plasma-auto-iggs-on-cd4-t-cell-apoptosis-and-recovery-in-hiv-infected-patients-under-antiretroviral-therapy
#10
Zhenwu Luo, Zejun Zhou, Elizabeth Ogunrinde, Tao Zhang, Zhen Li, Lisa Martin, Zhuang Wan, Hao Wu, Zhiqiang Qin, Tongwen Ou, Jiafeng Zhang, Lei Ma, Guoyang Liao, Sonya Heath, Lei Huang, Wei Jiang
Although effective antiretroviral therapy (ART) suppresses HIV viral replication, prevents AIDS-related complications, and prolongs life, a proportion of patients fails to restore the patients' CD4(+) T cell number to the level of healthy individuals. Increased mortality and morbidity have been observed in these patients. In the current study, we have investigated the role of auto-IgGs in CD4(+) T cell apoptosis and recovery in a cross-sectional study. All HIV(+) subjects were on viral-suppressive ART treatment with a different degree of CD4(+) T cell reconstitution...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029610/infection-by-and-genotype-characteristics-of-enterocytozoon-bieneusi-in-hiv-aids-patients-from-guangxi-zhuang-autonomous-region-china
#11
Hua Liu, Zhihua Jiang, Zhongying Yuan, Jianhai Yin, Zunfu Wang, Bingxue Yu, Dongsheng Zhou, Yujuan Shen, Jianping Cao
BACKGROUND: Enterocytozoon bieneusi has been increasingly reported to infect humans and various mammals. Microsporidia cause diarrhea in HIV-infected patients worldwide. PCR amplification and sequencing based on the internal transcribed spacer region have been used to describe the genotypes of E. bieneusi and transmission of microsporidiosis. METHODS: In this study, we examined E. bieneusi infection and genotypes in HIV-positive patients in Guangxi, China. Stool specimens were collected from 285 HIV-positive patients and 303 HIV-negative individuals...
October 13, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028662/stool-xpert-mtb-rif-and-urine-lipoarabinomannan-lam-for-diagnosing-tuberculosis-in-hospitalized-hiv-infected-children
#12
Sylvia M LaCourse, Patricia B Pavlinac, Lisa M Cranmer, Irene N Njuguna, Cyrus Mugo, John Gatimu, Joshua Stern, Judd L Walson, Elizabeth Maleche-Obimbo, Julius Oyugi, Dalton Wamalwa, Grace John-Stewart
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) causes substantial morbidity and mortality in HIV-infected children. Sample collection and paucibacillary nature of TB in children makes diagnosis challenging. Rapid diagnostic tools using easily obtained specimens are urgently needed. METHODS: Hospitalized, HIV-infected children ≤12 years enrolled in a randomized controlled trial (NCT02063880) comparing urgent to poststabilization ART initiation in Kenya underwent TB evaluation. At enrollment, sputum or gastric aspirates (GA) were collected for TB culture and Xpert, stool for Xpert, and urine for lateral flow lipoarabinomannan (LAM )...
October 12, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028657/combinations-of-interventions-to-achieve-a-national-hiv-incidence-reduction-goal-insights-from-the-agent-based-path-2-0-model
#13
Chaitra Gopalappa, Stephanie L Sansom, Paul G Farnham, Yao-Hsuan Chen
OBJECTIVE: Analyzing HIV care service targets for achieving a national goal of a 25% reduction in annual HIV incidence and evaluating the use of annual HIV diagnoses to measure progress in incidence reduction. DESIGN: Because there are considerable interactions among HIV care services, we model the dynamics of combinations of increases in HIV care continuum targets to identify those that would achieve 25% reductions in annual incidence and diagnoses. METHODS: We used Progression and Transmission of HIV/AIDS (PATH 2...
October 12, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028632/procalcitonin-as-a-diagnostic-and-prognostic-marker-in-diabetic-foot-infection-a-current-literature-review
#14
Dimitrios Velissaris, Nikolaos-Dimitrios Pantzaris, Christina Platanaki, Nikolina Antonopoulou, Charalampos Gogos
Diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) are a very common cause of mortality and morbidity. The distinction between infected and non-infected DFU remains a very challenging task for clinicians in everyday practice. Even when infection is documented, the spectrum of diabetic foot infection is wide, ranging from cellulitis and soft tissue infection to osteomyelitis. Procalcitonin (PCT), a well-established sepsis biomarker, has been used in the diagnosis of several infections including osteomyelitis in patients with diabetes mellitus...
October 11, 2017: Romanian Journal of Internal Medicine, Revue Roumaine de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027728/hepatitis-in-aids-patients
#15
REVIEW
Muhammad Imran Qadir
The individuals with HIV infection are more susceptible to develop coinfections with infectious pathogens such as HCV and HBV. The routes of transmission of these pathogens are the same including sexual contact, injection drug use, or at birth from mother to an infant. The main reason of morbidity and mortality in HIV infected individuals is a liver disease in the context of antiretroviral therapy, and coinfection such as HCV and HBV complicates this condition. Nucleos(t)ide analogues are used for HBV infection management, and treatment of HCV infection is done by PegIFN and ribavirin combination and protease inhibitors...
October 13, 2017: Reviews in Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027392/summary-of-guidelines-for-the-use-of-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-for-hiv-in-korea
#16
REVIEW
(no author information available yet)
There are several guidelines for the use of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) which are used in other countries. However, the implementation of such guidelines in each country should be modified according to the country's clinical and epidemiological situation. Therefore, The Korean Society for AIDS founded a committee in 2016 to develop guidelines for the use of PrEP for HIV that are optimal for Korea's clinical and epidemiological situation. These guidelines aim to provide comprehensive information for PrEP implementation in Korea...
September 2017: Infection & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027388/causes-of-hiv-drug-non-adherence-in-korea-korea-hiv-aids-cohort-study-2006-2015
#17
Min Jung Kim, Sang Ah Lee, Hyun Ha Chang, Min Ja Kim, Jun Hee Woo, Sang Il Kim, Chun Kang, Mee Kyung Kee, Ju Yeon Choi, Yunsu Choi, Bo Youl Choi, June Myung Kim, Jun Yong Choi, Hyo Youl Kim, Joon Young Song, Shin Woo Kim
We aimed to determine the initial adherence of HIV cohort patients to ART (antiretroviral therapy), and reasons for non-adherence. Patients who received ART at the time of enrollment in the Korea HIV/AIDS Cohort were included in this study. Treatment adherence was determined at the baseline interview by self-reported questionnaire. Eight-hundred thirty two HIV-infected patients received ART. Of these, 253 (30.4%) patients skipped ART more than once a month. The most common reason of skipping medication was "simply forgot" (60...
September 2017: Infection & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027386/the-prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-renal-insufficiency-among-korean-hiv-infected-patients-the-korea-hiv-aids-cohort-study
#18
Eun Jin Kim, Jin Young Ahn, Youn Jeong Kim, Seong Heon Wie, Dae Won Park, Joon Young Song, Hee Jung Choi, Hyun Ha Chang, Bo Youl Choi, Yunsu Choi, Ju Yeon Choi, Myung Guk Han, Chun Kang, June Myung Kim, Jun Yong Choi
BACKGROUND: Renal disease is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality among people infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). However, there are very few published studies about renal insufficiency in HIV-infected persons in Asia, especially in South Korea. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed to investigate the prevalence and risk factors of renal insufficiency, defined as <60 mL/min/1.73 m², in subjects in the Korea HIV/AIDS Cohort Study enrolled from 19 institutions between December 2006 and July 2013...
September 2017: Infection & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026923/nonhuman-primate-models-for-studies-of-aids-virus-persistence-during-suppressive-combination-antiretroviral-therapy
#19
Gregory Q Del Prete, Jeffrey D Lifson
Nonhuman primate (NHP) models of AIDS represent a potentially powerful component of the effort to understand in vivo sources of AIDS virus that persist in the setting of suppressive combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) and to develop and evaluate novel strategies for more definitive treatment of HIV infection (i.e., viral eradication "cure", or sustained off-cART remission). Multiple different NHP models are available, each characterized by a particular NHP species, infecting virus, and cART regimen, and each with a distinct capacity to recapitulate different aspects of HIV infection...
October 13, 2017: Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026748/knowledge-and-awareness-regarding-menstruation-and-hiv-aids-among-schoolgoing-adolescent-girls
#20
Rakhi Jain, Puneet Anand, Anuj Dhyani, Deshant Bansal
INTRODUCTION: Menstruation in our country is associated with various myths and restrictions leading to lack of awareness among adolescent girls. Insufficient menstrual hygiene practices are the cause of stress associated with menstruation and reproductive tract infections. Sexually transmitted infections and HIV/AIDS are not openly discussed in our society making adolescents vulnerable to them. AIM: To assess the knowledge of school going adolescent girls regarding menstrual hygiene and HIV/AIDS...
January 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
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