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Systemic inflammatory response

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786071/dopamine-d2-receptor-restricts-astrocytic-nlrp3-inflammasome-activation-via-enhancing-the-interaction-of-%C3%AE-arrestin2-and-nlrp3
#1
Jialei Zhu, Zhaoli Hu, Xiaojuan Han, Dongshuo Wang, Qingling Jiang, Jianhua Ding, Ming Xiao, Cong Wang, Ming Lu, Gang Hu
Astrocytes are involved in the neuroinflammation of neurodegenerative diseases, such as Parkinson's disease (PD). Among the numerous inflammatory cytokines, interleukin-1β (IL-1β) produced by astrocytic Nod-like receptor protein (NLRP) inflammasome is crucial in the pathogenesis of PD. β-arrestin2-mediated dopamine D2 receptor (Drd2) signal transduction has been regarded as a potential anti-inflammatory target. Our previous study revealed that astrocytic Drd2 suppresses neuroinflammation in the central nervous system...
May 21, 2018: Cell Death and Differentiation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786066/repeated-social-defeat-induced-neuroinflammation-anxiety-like-behavior-and-resistance-to-fear-extinction-were-attenuated-by-the-cannabinoid-receptor-agonist-win55-212-2
#2
Sabrina Francesca Lisboa, Anzela Niraula, Leonardo Barbosa Resstel, Francisco Silveira Guimaraes, Jonathan P Godbout, John F Sheridan
Psychosocial stress contributes to the development of psychiatric disorders. Repeated social defeat (RSD) is a murine stressor that causes a release of inflammatory monocytes into circulation. Moreover, RSD-induced anxiety-like behavior is dependent on the recruitment of these monocytes to the brain. Activation of the endocannabinoid (ECB) system may modulate both neuroendocrine and inflammatory responses mediated by stress. Therefore, we hypothesized that a cannabinoid receptor agonist would attenuate RSD-induced inflammation, anxiety, and stress sensitization...
April 17, 2018: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785872/effect-evaluation-on-use-of-bedside-fiber-bronchoscope-in-treating-stroke-associated-pneumonia
#3
Qiu Han, Chun Chen, Hai-Qin Hu, Jun Shen, Guang Yang, Bin Chen, Lei Xia
Background The bedside fiber bronchoscope has been widely used in the diagnosis and treatment of respiratory disease. This study aims to assess the effect of using bedside fiber bronchoscope in sputum suction and alveolar lavage for treatment of stroke-associated pneumonia (SAP), compared with the use of conventional suction catheter. Methods One hundred and six patients with SAP were randomly divided into control group (n = 53) and experimental group (n = 53) for a controlled study. Patients in the two groups were conventionally treated with phlegm-resolving and anti-infective therapy...
May 22, 2018: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785410/relationship-of-hs-crp-and-sacroiliac-joint-inflammation-in-undifferentiated-spondyloarthritis
#4
Te-Jung Liu, Cheng-Chiang Chang, Liang-Cheng Chen, Heng-Yi Chu, Chun-Sheng Hsu, Shin-Tsu Chang
Objective: Elevation of serum high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) level has been demonstrated as a risk factor for varying diseases, as well as a biomarker for predicting recovery after operation of lumber disc herniation. Our objective was to investigate the relationship between serum hs-CRP and sacroiliac (SI) joint inflammation in patients with undifferentiated spondyloarthritis (uSpA). Methods: In this retrospective study, we enrolled patients with uSpA who underwent hs-CRP testing between January 2007 and September 2013...
2018: Open Medicine (Warsaw, Poland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785401/rheumatoid-arthritis-and-mirnas-a-critical-review-through-a-functional-view
#5
REVIEW
Maria Cristina Moran-Moguel, Stefania Petarra-Del Rio, Evangelina E Mayorquin-Galvan, Maria G Zavala-Cerna
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic autoimmune disease with severe joint inflammation and destruction associated with an inflammatory environment. The etiology behind RA remains to be elucidated; most updated concepts include the participation of environmental, proteomic, epigenetic, and genetic factors. Epigenetic is considered the missing link to explain genetic diversification among RA patients. Within epigenetic factors participating in RA, miRNAs are defined as small noncoding molecules with a length of approximately 22 nucleotides, capable of gene expression modulation, either negatively through inhibition of translation and degradation of the mRNA or positively through increasing the translation rate...
2018: Journal of Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785261/aggressive-fibromatosis-response-to-tamoxifen-lack-of-correlation-between-mri-and-symptomatic-response
#6
M Libertini, I Mitra, W T A van der Graaf, A B Miah, I Judson, R L Jones, K Thomas, E Moskovic, Z Szucs, C Benson, C Messiou
Background: One of the commonly used systemic agents for the treatment of aggressive fibromatosis is the anti-oestrogen drug tamoxifen. However, data on efficacy and optimum methods of response assessment are limited, consisting mainly of small case series and reports. Methods: A retrospective database was used to identify consecutive patients diagnosed with aggressive fibromatosis (AF) and treated with tamoxifen plus/minus non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs at our tertiary referral centre between 2007 and 2014...
2018: Clinical Sarcoma Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784123/endovascular-interventions-for-venous-disease
#7
REVIEW
Paul O'Connor, Robert Lookstein
Venous thromboembolism, including deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism, occur in up to 900,000 people per year in the United States. Current first-line therapy consists of systemic anticoagulation with a goal to prevent additional thrombus formation. Treatment with anticoagulation alone provides less than satisfactory results with some studies showing propagation of thrombus in almost 40% of cases. Current first-line therapy does not include active removal of thrombus and does little to alleviate acute symptoms and the damaging inflammatory response that may result in postthrombotic syndrome...
June 2018: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784005/cd8-t-cells-mediate-the-antitumor-activity-of-frankincense-and-myrrh-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#8
Chun Xu, Xian Lu, Wei Liu, Anxian Chen, Gang Meng, Hailin Zhang, Binghua Li, Yonghui Zhang, Junhua Wu, Jiwu Wei
BACKGROUND: Tumor-promoting inflammation is an emerging hallmark of cancer, which participates in both cancer progression and immune escape. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a typical inflammation-related cancer with an extremely poor prognosis. Frankincense and myrrh are anti-inflammation agents commonly used in clinic. The purpose of this study is to investigate whether extract of frankincense and myrrh (FM) downregulates inflammatory microenvironment of HCC and thereby restores antitumor immune responses...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783247/predictors-of-thrombogenesis-by-the-state-of-pro-and-anticoagulant-components-of-hemostasis-in-the-patients-with-stage-vd-chronic-kidney-disease
#9
Olexiy B Storozhuk, Iryna B Seleznyova, Larisa O Storozhuk, Boris G Storozhuk, Tetyana V Dovgalyuk
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: One of the major complications of stage V chronic kidney disease (CKD), treated by program hemodialysis, are hemostatic system disturbances resulting in thrombosis development. To detect early predictors of potential thrombosis in study category of patients is rather difficult because of inflammatory process, accumulation of antibodies, continuous damage of blood elements. The aim: To estimate potential applicability of activators and inhibitors of thrombogenesis as thrombophilia markers in the patients with stage V CKD, treated by program hemodialysis...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783162/a-peripheral-immune-response-to-remembering-trauma-contributes-to-the-maintenance-of-fear-memory-in-mice
#10
Matthew B Young, Leonard L Howell, Lauren Hopkins, Cassandra Moshfegh, Zhe Yu, Lauren Clubb, Jessica Seidenberg, Jeanie Park, Adam P Swiercz, Paul J Marvar
Alterations in peripheral immune markers are observed in individuals with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). PTSD is characterized in part by impaired extinction of fear memory for a traumatic experience. We hypothesized that fear memory extinction is regulated by immune signaling stimulated when fear memory is retrieved. The relationship between fear memory and the peripheral immune response was tested using auditory Pavlovian fear conditioning in mice. Memory for the association was quantified by the amount of conditioned freezing exhibited in response to the conditioned stimulus (CS), extinction and time-dependent changes in circulating inflammatory cytokines...
May 17, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782315/tlr4-gene-expression-and-pro-inflammatory-cytokines-in-alzheimer-s-disease-and-in-response-to-hippocampal-deafferentation-in-rodents
#11
Justin Miron, Cynthia Picard, Josée Frappier, Doris Dea, Louise Théroux, Judes Poirier
One important aspect in Alzheimer's disease pathology is the presence of chronic inflammation. Considering its role as a key receptor in the microglial innate immune system, TLR4 was shown to regulate the binding and phagocytosis of amyloid plaques by microglia in several mouse models of amyloidosis, as well as the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines. To our knowledge, TLR4 and its association with cytokines have not been thoroughly examined in the brains of subjects affected with Alzheimer's disease. Using quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) in postmortem human brains, we observed increased expression for the TLR4 and TNF genes (p = 0...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782306/urticarial-lesions-in-a-pregnant-woman
#12
Sergio Santos-Alarcón, Cesar Benavente-Villegas, Isabel García-Briz, Magdalena Moneva-Léniz, Celia Sanchis-Sánchez, Almudena Mateu-Puchades
Dear Editor, Gestational pemphigoid (GP) is a rare autoimmune bullous dermatosis in pregnancy. GP usually occurs during the second or third month of pregnancy. It clinically manifests as the development of either early-onset urticarial lesions or late-onset subepidermal blisters that may linger for weeks or even months. Herein we report the case of a 45-year-old woman with the distinctive clinical onset of GP. A forty-five-year-old woman, gravida I, para 0, at 27 weeks gestation, was referred for evaluation to our Department with an extensive pruritic eruption that had developed over the previous 7 days...
April 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781159/a-comparative-proteomics-analysis-of-five-body-fluids-plasma-urine-cerebrospinal-fluid-amniotic-fluid-and-saliva
#13
Mindi Zhao, Yehong Yang, Zhengguang Guo, Chen Shao, Haidan Sun, Yang Zhang, Ying Sun, Yaoran Liu, Yijun Song, Liwei Zhang, Qian Li, Juntao Liu, Mingxi Li, Youhe Gao, Wei Sun
PURPOSE: Body fluid is considered a rich source of disease biomarkers. Proteins in many body fluids have potential clinical applications for disease diagnostic and prognostic predictions. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: To determine differences in the protein components and functional features of body fluids, a proteomic comparison of five body fluids (plasma, urine, cerebrospinal fluid, saliva and amniotic fluid) was conducted by high-resolution mass spectrometry. RESULTS: A total of 4717 nonredundant proteins were identified, and the concentrations of 3433 proteins were estimated by an intensity-based algorithm quantitation method...
May 21, 2018: Proteomics. Clinical Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780909/disseminated-silicone-granulomatosis-in-the-face-and-orbit
#14
Tiffany A Chen, Carmel L Mercado, Katie L Topping, Benjamin P Erickson, Kimberly P Cockerham, Andrea L Kossler
Purpose: To report a case of disseminated silicone granulomatosis presenting with ptosis, proptosis and vision loss. Observations: A 56-year-old female presented with ptosis, proptosis, and vision loss and was noted to have palpable, erythematous masses involving the orbit, face, trunk, and body. She had a history of bilateral silicone breast implants and cosmetic facial filler injections. Orbital biopsy demonstrated non-caseating granulomas with foreign-body giant cells and vacuoles containing material consistent with silicone...
June 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780830/the-cd40-rs1883832-polymorphism-affects-sepsis-susceptibility-and-scd40l-levels
#15
Zuo-Liang Liu, Jing Hu, Xue-Fei Xiao, Yue Peng, Shang-Ping Zhao, Xian-Zhong Xiao, Ming-Shi Yang
Sepsis is a severe and progressive disease characterized by systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS). CD40 serves as a vital link between immune response and inflammation. This study was designed to investigate the potential association between a functional single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of CD40 (rs1883832) and susceptibility to sepsis. We first performed a case-control study to explore the relationship between the CD40 rs1883832 polymorphism and sepsis. CD40 mRNA expression and protein expression were determined by real-time PCR and western blotting, respectively, in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from sepsis patients and healthy controls...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780803/role-of-subclinical-gut-inflammation-in-the-pathogenesis-of-spondyloarthritis
#16
REVIEW
Aroldo Rizzo, Giuliana Guggino, Angelo Ferrante, Francesco Ciccia
Subclinical gut inflammation occurring in patients affected by spondyloarthritis (SpA) is correlated with the severity of spine inflammation. Several evidences indicate that dysbiosis occurs in SpA, and that may modulate intestinal permeability and intestinal immune responses. The presence of intestinal dysbiosis is accompanied in SpA patients with the presence of zonulin-dependent alterations of gut-epithelial and gut-vascular barriers. The leakage of epithelial and endothelial surface layers is followed by the translocation of bacterial products, such as lipopolysaccharide and intestinal fatty acid binding protein, in the systemic circulation...
2018: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780391/concepts-collide-genomic-immune-and-microbial-influences-on-the-tumor-microenvironment-and-response-to-cancer-therapy
#17
REVIEW
Miles C Andrews, Alexandre Reuben, Vancheswaran Gopalakrishnan, Jennifer A Wargo
Cancer research has seen unprecedented advances over the past several years, with tremendous insights gained into mechanisms of response and resistance to cancer therapy. Central to this has been our understanding of crosstalk between the tumor and the microenvironment, with the recognition that complex interactions exist between tumor cells, stromal cells, overall host immunity, and the environment surrounding the host. This is perhaps best exemplified in cancer immunotherapy, where numerous studies across cancer types have illuminated our understanding of the genomic and immune factors that shape responses to therapy...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780375/effect-of-artinm-on-human-blood-cells-during-infection-with-paracoccidioides-brasiliensis
#18
Luciana P Ruas, Livia M Genaro, Amauri S Justo-Junior, Lilian O Coser, Lívia F de Castro, Plinio Trabasso, Ronei L Mamoni, Maria-Cristina Roque-Barreira, Maria-Heloisa S L Blotta
Infections caused by fungi are prominent in our environment and can be potentially fatal. paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM), caused by fungi of the Paracoccidioides genus, is the most frequent systemic mycosis in Brazil and the main cause of death among immunocompetent individuals. The antifungal therapy for PCM is usually effective but side effects and relapses are often reported. The latter could be avoided with alternative or complementary therapies aimed at boosting the immune response to combat this pathogen...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780321/toll-like-receptor-2-signaling-and-current-approaches-for-therapeutic-modulation-in-synucleinopathies
#19
REVIEW
Ian F Caplan, Kathleen A Maguire-Zeiss
The innate immune response in the central nervous system (CNS) is implicated as both beneficial and detrimental to health. Integral to this process are microglia, the resident immune cells of the CNS. Microglia express a wide variety of pattern-recognition receptors, such as Toll-like receptors, that detect changes in the neural environment. The activation of microglia and the subsequent proinflammatory response has become increasingly relevant to synucleinopathies, including Parkinson's disease the second most prevalent neurodegenerative disease...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780305/comparing-effects-of-transforming-growth-factor-%C3%AE-1-on-microglia-from-rat-and-mouse-transcriptional-profiles-and-potassium-channels
#20
Starlee Lively, Doris Lam, Raymond Wong, Lyanne C Schlichter
The cytokine, transforming growth factor β1 (TGFβ1), is up-regulated after central nervous system (CNS) injuries or diseases involving microglial activation, and it has been proposed as a therapeutic agent for treating neuroinflammation. Microglia can produce and respond to TGFβ1. While rats and mice are commonly used for studying neuroinflammation, very few reports directly compare them. Such studies are important for improving pre-clinical studies and furthering translational progress in developing therapeutic interventions...
2018: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
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