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benign tracheal stenosis

Guang Yang, Yong-An Zhou, Guang-Zhen Bai, Yong Han, Wei-Miao Li, Jian Wang, Xiao-Fei Li, Xiao-Long Yan
BACKGROUND: The management of acquired benign tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) and bronchogastric stump fistula (BGSF) is a challenge. This study aimed to assess the "double-patch" technique with or without esophageal mucosa in treating nonmalignant TEF and BGSF. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We established a dog model with TEF by incising the esophageal and tracheal membranes and suturing them together. The dogs were divided into three groups (n = 12 per group). Groups A and B received a double-patch 7 d later...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
Ilias Karapantzos, Chrysa Karapantzou, Paul Zarogoulidis, Kosmas Tsakiridis, Charalampos Charalampidis
Benign tracheal stenosis is situation that occurs usually after stress is applied to a certain area in the trachea during the intubation of a patient or inflammation caused during an infection. In the current case report we will present a 65-year-old man with a benign tracheal stenosis due to a 15-day intubation with a high pressure and low volume intubation tube. Current methodology was applied in his case with an excellent result with a 1-year follow up. Cryotherapy, electrocautery-knife, balloon dilation and semi-rigid bronchoscopic technique were applied...
November 2016: Annals of Translational Medicine
Kuruswamy Thurai Prasad, Sahajal Dhooria, Inderpaul Singh Sehgal, Ashutosh Nath Aggarwal, Ritesh Agarwal
Surgery is the preferred treatment modality for benign tracheal stenosis. Interventional bronchoscopy is used as a bridge to surgery or in instances when surgery is not feasible or has failed. Stenosis in the subglottic trachea is particularly a treatment challenge, in view of its proximity to the vocal cords. Herein, we describe a patient with complete tracheal stenosis in the subglottic region, which developed after prolonged intubation and mechanical ventilation. The patient developed recurrent stenosis despite multiple surgical and endoscopic procedures...
November 2016: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
P Delaere, M Molitor
Non-malignant and malignant obstruction of the tracheal airway causes significant morbidity and mortality. With increased use of artificial airways, benign and iatrogenic complications are increasing. A tracheal stenosis that is less than 5 cm in length can be resected with end-to-end anastomosis. Longer tracheal lesions can be treated in a palliative way by placement of a stent to secure airway lumen patency. The management of tracheal defects is an evolving field. Tracheal transplantation and tracheal regeneration may provide major treatment advances to cases with long-segment tracheal involvement...
2016: Acta Chirurgiae Plasticae
Juan L Antón-Pacheco, Alicia Usategui, Iván Martínez, Carmen M García-Herrero, Antonio P Gamez, Montserrat Grau, Ana M Martínez, José L Rodríguez-Peralto, José L Pablos
OBJECTIVE: Acquired tracheal stenosis (ATS) is an unusual disease often secondary to prolonged mechanical trauma. Acquired tracheal stenosis pathogenesis involves inflammation and subsequent fibrosis with narrowing of the tracheal lumen. Transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β) represents a pivotal factor in most fibrotic processes, and therefore a potential target in this context. The aim of this study is to analyze the role of TGF-β as a target for anti-fibrotic interventions in tracheal stenosis...
November 16, 2016: Laryngoscope
Caroline Dahlqvist, Sebahat Ocak, Maximilien Gourdin, Anne Sophie Dincq, Laurie Putz, Jean-Paul d'Odémont
Introduction. We herein report our experience with new fully covered self-expanding metallic stents in the setting of inoperable recurrent benign tracheobronchial stenosis. Methods. Between May 2010 and July 2014, 21 Micro-Tech® FC-SEMS (Nanjing Co., Republic of Korea) were placed in our hospital in 16 patients for inoperable, recurrent (after dilatation), and symptomatic benign airway stenosis. Their medical files were retrospectively reviewed in December 2014, with focus on stent's tolerance and durability data...
2016: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
Elif Tanrıverdi, Mehmet Akif Özgül, Oğuz Uzun, Şule Gül, Mustafa Çörtük, Zehra Yaşar, Murat Acat, Naciye Arda, Erdoğan Çetinkaya
Tracheobronchial amyloidosis is a rare presentation and accounts for about 1% of benign tumors in this area. The diagnosis of disease is delayed due to nonspecific pulmonary symptoms. Therapeutic approaches are required to control progressive pulmonary symptoms for most of the patients. Herein, we report a case of a 68-year-old man admitted with progressive dyspnea to our institution for further evaluation and management. He was initially diagnosed with and underwent management for bronchial asthma for two years but had persistent symptoms despite optimal medical therapy...
2016: Case Reports in Medicine
Faiz Y Bhora, Adil Ayub, Craig M Forleiter, Chyun-Yin Huang, Khalid Alshehri, Sadiq Rehmani, Adnan M Al-Ayoubi, Wissam Raad, Robert S Lebovics
Importance: Tracheal stenosis is a debilitating disorder with heterogeneity in terms of disease characteristics and management. Repeated recurrences substantially alter patients' quality of life. There is limited evidence for the use of spray cryotherapy (SCT) in the management of benign airway disease. Objective: To report our early results for the use of SCT in patients with benign tracheal stenosis. Design, Setting, and Participants: Data were extracted from the medical records of a consecutive series of patients with benign airway stenosis secondary to granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) (n = 13), prior tracheotomy or tracheal intubation (n = 8), and idiopathic strictures (n = 5) treated from September 1, 2013, to September 30, 2015, at a tertiary care hospital...
November 1, 2016: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Benoit Jacques Bibas, Paulo Francisco Guerreiro Cardoso, Helio Minamoto, Leandro Picheth Eloy-Pereira, Mauro Federico L Tamagno, Ricardo Mingarini Terra, Paulo Manoel Pêgo-Fernandes
BACKGROUND: Benign tracheoesophageal fistulas (TEFs) are rare, and surgical correction is the ideal method of treatment. The objective of this study was to evaluate the results of operative treatment of benign TEFs in patients from a tertiary referral center. METHODS: Retrospective study of patients with benign TEFs who were treated between January 2005 and December 2014. Preoperative evaluation included computed tomography of the chest, bronchoscopy, and upper endoscopy...
October 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Andreas Kirschbaum, Afshin Teymoortash, Carlos Suárez, Jatin P Shah, Carl E Silver, Iain Nixon, Alessandra Rinaldo, Luiz P Kowalski, K Thomas Robbins, Alfio Ferlito
OBJECTIVE: Resection with direct tracheal or laryngotracheal anastomosis is the standard procedure employed for treatment of benign stenosis or occasionally primary or secondary tracheal malignancy. DATA SOURCES: Literature review. RESULTS: A tracheal anastomosis usually heals without complications provided that the ends being joined are adequately supplied with blood, an atraumatic suturing technique is used, and the anastomosis does not become infected...
December 2016: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
Sandro Batzella, Gabriele Lucantoni, Alfonso Fiorelli, Raffaele Dello Iacono, Paolo Battistoni, Umberto Caterino, Mario Santini, Giovanni Galluccio
Tracheal resection and primary anastomosis is the treatment of choice for the management of benign tracheal stenoses. Rigid endoscopy with laser-assisted mechanical dilatation is an alternative to surgery and helps to improve symptoms and quality of life in patients unfit for surgery. Here, we describe the treatment of a simple web-like stenosis, using a new endoscopic hand drill that was assembled by sharpening the blunt tip of a standard endoscopic cotton applicator. The bronchoscopy was positioned proximally to the stenotic lesion and radial holes were made at 12, 3 and 9 o'clock...
July 2016: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
J Schützner, J Šimonek, A Stolz, J Kolařík, J Pozniak, V Bobek, P Pafko, R Lischke
INTRODUCTION: Tracheal resections are very frequent interventions on the trachea in general. In borderline cases where the tracheal resection length is too high, the situation can be resolved by inserting a stent or Montgomerys T cannula. Tracheal stenoses are of benign origin in 94%, and malignant in 6% of cases. We present a summary of tracheal resection interventions for the last 21 years. METHOD: 235 tracheal resections were performed at the authors institution in 1993-2013...
January 2016: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
Pierre Delaere, Dirk Van Raemdonck
Non-malignant and malignant obstruction of the tracheal airway causes significant morbidity and mortality. With increased use of artificial airways, benign and iatrogenic complications are increasing. A tracheal stenosis that is less than 5 cm in length can be resected with end-to-end anastomosis. Longer tracheal lesions can be treated in a palliative way by placement of a stent to secure airway lumen patency. The management of tracheal defects is an evolving field. Tracheal transplantation and tracheal regeneration may bring major treatment advances to cases with long-segment tracheal involvement...
March 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Maria Lucia Madariaga, Henning A Gaissert
Failure of the anastomosis after primary tracheal reconstruction for benign disease is uncommon. Here we review the available evidence on tracheal restenosis and the results of second reconstructions. Factors associated with failed primary anastomosis are examined. Temporizing immediate and alternative long-term management with T-tube or tracheostomy is described, emphasizing the role of tracheal stenting in abating the urgency for reoperation. From available evidence, elective reoperative treatment of failed tracheal reconstruction should be considered in selected patients after careful review and reversal of patient- and operation-specific factors that initiated failure...
March 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Antonio D'Andrilli, Federico Venuta, Erino Angelo Rendina
Benign subglottic stenosis represents a major therapeutic challenge. Interventional bronchoscopic treatment has a limited role in this setting due to anatomical and technical reasons. The benefit with these techniques is generally temporary, due to frequent recurrences, need for repeated procedures and risk of extending the area of damage. Laryngotracheal resection is at present the curative treatment of choice. Literature data show that surgical treatment may allow very high success rates at long term with low perioperative morbidity and mortality...
March 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Ashok Muniappan, Douglas J Mathisen
Acquired non-malignant tracheo-oesophageal fistula (TOF) most commonly develops after prolonged intubation or tracheostomy. It may also develop after trauma, oesophagectomy, laryngectomy and other disparate conditions. TOF leads to respiratory compromise secondary to chronic aspiration and pulmonary sepsis. Difficulty with oral intake usually leads to nutritional compromise. After diagnosis, the goals are to eliminate or reduce ongoing pulmonary contamination and to restore proper nutrition. Operative repair of benign TOF is generally performed through a cervical approach...
2016: Multimedia Manual of Cardiothoracic Surgery: MMCTS
Frantisek Kopriva, Vitezslav Kolek
BACKGROUND: Benign tracheobronchial stenosis of the proximal airways may result from a variety of conditions and can cause dyspnea, cough, wheeze or stridor. METHODS AND RESULTS: In this report, we describe the case of a 9-year-old boy who was admitted to hospital with wheezing and progressive dyspnea lasting for six months. These abnormalities were diagnosed by multislice CT with 3-dimensional reconstruction of the trachea and by videobronchoscopy which demonstrated severe tracheal stenosis and an orifice of a tracheal diverticulum on the right side of the upper trachea...
March 2016: Biomedical Papers of the Medical Faculty of the University Palacký, Olomouc, Czechoslovakia
Gonzalo Varela, Marcelo F Jiménez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Archivos de Bronconeumología
Ludek Stehlik, Vladislav Hytych, Jana Letackova, Petr Kubena, Martina Vasakova
BACKGROUND: Biodegradable stents that disintegrate after a period of time are expected to be well tolerated and have advantages over other stents that are more commonly used in practice today. Polydioxanone is a biodegradable polymer that is widely used during surgery with absorbable sutures. METHODS: We present cases from the first four patients to undergo a tracheal polydioxanone stent insertion. Indications included significant non-malignant tracheal stenosis in cases where primary surgical treatment was not possible...
December 21, 2015: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
Antti Huuskonen, Antti Mäkitie, Eero Sihvo
Tracheal stenosis is a rare condition with symptoms mimicking asthma or COPD. The most frequent benign tracheal stenosis is caused by lesions related either to intubation or tracheostomy. Primary tracheal tumors or secondary malignancies such as locally advanced esophageal cancer are rare causes. As a rare disease the diagnosis and treatment are often delayed. Endoscopic therapy is the primary treatment for tracheal stenosis. Tracheal resection is indicated in resectable malignant tumors and in benign stenosis which do not respond to endoscopic treatment or require repeated therapy...
2015: Duodecim; Lääketieteellinen Aikakauskirja
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