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Breast spectroscopy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531811/synthesis-of-novel-indole-derivatives-as-promising-dna-binding-agents-and-evaluation-of-antitumor-and-antitopoisomerase-i-activities
#1
Elizabeth Almeida Lafayette, Sinara Mônica Vitalino de Almeida, Renata Virginia Cavalcanti Santos, Jamerson Ferreira de Oliveira, Cezar Augusto da Cruz Amorim, Rosali Maria Ferreira da Silva, Maira Galdino da Rocha Pitta, Ivan da Rocha Pitta, Ricardo Olimpio de Moura, Luiz Bezerra de Carvalho Júnior, Moacyr Jesus Barreto de Melo Rêgo, Maria do Carmo Alves de Lima
Molecules bearing indole nucleus present diverse biological properties such as antitumor and anti-inflammatory activities that can be associated both to DNA and protein interactions. This study focused on the synthesis of new indole derivatives with thiazolidines and imidazolidine rings condensed as side chains as well as the evaluation of their ability to interact with the DNA and antitumor and topoisomerase inhibition activities. All derivatives were successfully synthesized and their structures were elucidated by mass spectrometry (MS), infrared (IR), spectroscopy (1)H NMR, (13)C NMR, COSY (1)H-(1)H and HSQC (1)H-(13)C...
May 4, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509845/metabolic-portraits-of-breast-cancer-by-hr-mas-mr-spectroscopy-of-intact-tissue-samples
#2
REVIEW
Tonje H Haukaas, Leslie R Euceda, Guro F Giskeødegård, Tone F Bathen
Despite progress in early detection and therapeutic strategies, breast cancer remains the second leading cause of cancer-related death among women globally. Due to the heterogeneity and complexity of tumor biology, breast cancer patients with similar diagnosis might have different prognosis and response to treatment. Thus, deeper understanding of individual tumor properties is necessary. Cancer cells must be able to convert nutrients to biomass while maintaining energy production, which requires reprogramming of central metabolic processes in the cells...
May 16, 2017: Metabolites
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509533/a-low-cost-label-free-biosensing-bimetallic-cellulose-strip-with-silar-synthesized-silver-core-gold-shell-nanoparticle-structures
#3
Wansun Kim, Jae-Chul Lee, Gi-Ja Lee, Hun-Kuk Park, Anbok Lee, Samjin Choi
We introduce a label-free biosensing cellulose strip sensor with surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS)-encoded bimetallic core@shell nanoparticles. Bimetallic nanoparticles consisting of a synthesis of core Ag nanoparticles (AgNP) and a synthesis of shell gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) were fabricated on a cellulose substrate by two-stage successive ionic layer absorption and reaction (SILAR) techniques. The bimetallic nanoparticle-enhanced localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) effects were theoretically verified by computational calculations with finite element models of optimized bimetallic nanoparticles interacting with an incident laser source...
May 16, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507941/in-vitro-cytotoxicity-effects-of-197-au-pamamg4-and-198-au-pamamg4-nanocomposites-against-mcf7-and-4t1-breast-cancer-cell-lines
#4
Simin Janitabar-Darzi, Reza Rezaei, Kamal Yavari
Purpose: Study on gold based therapeutic agents for cancer cells deracination has become under scrutiny in recent years owing to effective treatments are not available for rapidly progressive cancers. The aim of present study was to examine efficiency of radioactive (198)Au/PAMAMG4 and non-radioactive (197)Au/PAMAMG4 nancomposites against 4T1 and MCF7 breast cancer cell lines. Methods: The PAMAMG4 dendrimer was treated with the gold anions and then, the mixture was chemically reduced by NaBH4. Prepared (197)Au/PAMAMG4 was bombarded by thermal neutrons in the Tehran Research Reactor to (198)Au/PAMAMG4 be produced...
April 2017: Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494257/novel-1-7-ethoxy-1-benzofuran-2-yl-substituted-chalcone-derivatives-synthesis-characterization-and-anticancer-activity
#5
Demet Coskun, Merve Erkisa, Engin Ulukaya, Mehmet Fatih Coskun, Ferda Ari
Cancer treatment still requires new compounds to be discovered. Chalcone and its derivatives exhibit anticancer potential in different cancer cells. A new series of benzofuran substituted chalcone derivatives was synthesized by the base-catalyzed Claisen-Schmidt reaction of the 1-(7-ethoxy-1-benzofuran-2-yl) ethanone with different aromatic aldehydes to yield 1-(7-ethoxy-1-benzofuran-2-yl) substituted chalcone derivatives 3a-j. The derivatives were characterized by elemental analysis, FT-IR, (1)H NMR and (13)C NMR spectroscopy techniques...
May 5, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493688/isolation-and-characterization-of-a-human-intestinal-bacterium-eggerthella-sp-auh-jld49s-for-the-conversion-of-3-desmethylarctigenin
#6
Ye Wang, Fei Yu, Ming-Yue Liu, Yi-Kai Zhao, Dong-Ming Wang, Qing-Hong Hao, Xiu-Ling Wang
Arctiin is the most abundant bioactive compound contained in the Arctium lappa plant. In our previous study, we isolated one single bacterium capable of bioconverting arctigenin, an aglycone of arctiin, to 3'-desmethylarctigenin (3'-DMAG) solely. However, to date, a specific bacterium capable of producing other arctiin metabolites has not been reported. In this study, we isolated one single bacterium, which we named Eggerthella sp. AUH-JLD49s, capable of bioconverting 3'-DMAG under anaerobic conditions. The metabolite of 3'-DMAG by strain AUH-JLD49s was identified as 3'-desmethyl-4'-dehydroxyarctigenin (DMDH-AG) based on electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) and (1)H and (13)C nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479725/antiproliferative-and-proapoptotic-activities-of-marine-sponge-hyrtios-erectus-extract-on-breast-carcinoma-cell-line-mcf-7
#7
Ramachandran Muthiyan, Balwin Nambikkairaj, Nilkamal Mahanta, Titus Immanuel, Rahul Shubhra Mandal, Kubendiran Kumaran, Arun Kumar De
BACKGROUND: Marine sponge is a rich natural resource of many pharmacologically important compounds. OBJECTIVE: Marine sponge Hyrtios erectus, collected from North Bay, South Andaman Sea, India, was screened for potential antiproliferative and proapoptotic properties on a breast adenocarcinoma cell line (MCF-7). MATERIALS AND METHODS: 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay was used to test the antiproliferative and cytotoxicity effects of the sponge extract...
January 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476996/synthesis-of-gold-and-silver-nanoparticles-using-mukia-maderaspatna-plant-extract-and-its-anticancer-activity
#8
Guruviah Karthiga Devi, Kannaiyan Sathishkumar
The present investigation reveals the in vitro cytotoxic effect of the biosynthesised metal nanoparticles on the MCF 7 breast cancer cell lines. The gold and silver nanoparticles were synthesised through an environmentally admissible route using the Mukia Maderaspatna plant extract. Initially, the biomolecules present in the plant extract were analysed using phytochemical analysis. Further, these biomolecules reduce the metal ion solution resulting from the formation of metal nanoparticles. The reaction parameters were optimised to control the size of nanoparticles which were confirmed by UV visible spectroscopy...
March 2017: IET Nanobiotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476993/characterisation-of-sol-gel-method-synthesised-mgznfe2o4-nanoparticles-and-its-cytotoxic-effects-on-breast-cancer-cell-line-mda-mb-231-in-vitro
#9
Noraini Nordin, Samikannu Kanagesan, Nur Rizi Zamberi, Swee Keong Yeap, Nadiah Abu, Subramani Tamilselvan, Mansor Hashim, Noorjahan Banu Alitheen
In this study, nanocrystalline magnesium zinc ferrite nanoparticles were successfully prepared by a simple sol-gel method using copper nitrate and ferric nitrate as raw materials. The calcined samples were characterised by differential thermal analysis/thermogravimetric analysis, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction. Transmission electron microscopy revealed that the average particle size of the calcined sample was in a range of 17-41 nm with an average of 29 nm and has spherical size...
April 2017: IET Nanobiotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476984/optical-detection-of-ca-15-3-breast-cancer-antigen-using-cds-quantum-dot
#10
Venugopal Elakkiya, Mridula Prakash Menon, Devaraj Nataraj, Pullithadathil Biji, Rajendran Selvakumar
The present study focus on optical sensing of breast cancer antigen 15.3 (CA 15.3) using cadmium sulphide quantum dot (CdS-QD) in saline and serum samples spiked with antigen. The surface of CdS-QD was modified by cysteamine capping followed by tagging of CA 15.3 antibody. The samples were characterised using UV-visible absorption spectroscopy (UV-VIS Spectroscopy), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) attached with energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, phase contrast inverted epi-fluorescence microscopy and photoluminescence (PL) spectrophotometry (EDS)...
April 2017: IET Nanobiotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467814/contribution-of-macrophages-in-the-contrast-loss-in-iron-oxide-based-mri-cancer-cell-tracking-studies
#11
Pierre Danhier, Gladys Deumer, Nicolas Joudiou, Caroline Bouzin, Philippe Levêque, Vincent Haufroid, Bénédicte F Jordan, Olivier Feron, Pierre Sonveaux, Bernard Gallez
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) cell tracking of cancer cells labeled with superparamagnetic iron oxides (SPIO) allows visualizing metastatic cells in preclinical models. However, previous works showed that the signal void induced by SPIO on T2(*)-weighted images decreased over time. Here, we aim at characterizing the fate of iron oxide nanoparticles used in cell tracking studies and the role of macrophages in SPIO metabolism.In vivo MRI cell tracking of SPIO positive 4T1 breast cancer cells revealed a quick loss of T2* contrast after injection...
April 13, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460336/application-of-surface-enhanced-raman-spectroscopy-as-a-diagnostic-system-for-hypersialylated-metastatic-cancers
#12
Babita Shashni, Yukichi Horiguchi, Kosuke Kurosu, Hitoshi Furusho, Yukio Nagasaki
Early diagnosis of metastatic cancers could greatly limit the number of cancer-associated deaths. Aberrant surface expression of sialic acid (hypersialylation) on tumors correlating with metastatic incidence and its involvement in tumorigenesis and progression is widely reported; hence detection of hypersialylated tumors may be an effective strategy to identify metastatic cancers. We herein report on the application of phenylboronic acid-installed PEGylated gold nanoparticles coupled with Toluidine blue O (T/BA-GNPs) as SERS probes to target surface sialic acid (N-acetylneuraminic acid, Neu5Ac)...
April 21, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458579/mentha-arvensis-linn-mediated-green-silver-nanoparticles-trigger-caspase-9-dependent-cell-death-in-mcf7-and-mda-mb-231-cells
#13
Prajna Paramita Banerjee, Arindam Bandyopadhyay, Singapura Nagesh Harsha, Rudragoud S Policegoudra, Shelley Bhattacharya, Niranjan Karak, Ansuman Chattopadhyay
INTRODUCTION: Leaf extract of Mentha arvensis or mint plant was used as reducing agent for the synthesis of green silver nanoparticles (GSNPs) as a cost-effective, eco-friendly process compared to that of chemical synthesis. The existence of nanoparticles was characterized by ultraviolet-visible spectrophotometry, dynamic light scattering, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, energy-dispersive X-ray analysis, atomic-force microscopy and transmission electron microscopy analyses, which ascertained the formation of spherical GSNPs with a size range of 3-9 nm...
2017: Breast Cancer: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458541/selection-of-potential-iron-oxide-nanoparticles-for-breast-cancer-treatment-based-on-in-vitro-cytotoxicity-and-cellular-uptake
#14
Johanna M Poller, Jan Zaloga, Eveline Schreiber, Harald Unterweger, Christina Janko, Patricia Radon, Dietmar Eberbeck, Lutz Trahms, Christoph Alexiou, Ralf P Friedrich
Superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) are promising tools for the treatment of different diseases. Their magnetic properties enable therapies involving magnetic drug targeting (MDT), hyperthermia or imaging. Depending on the intended treatment, specific characteristics of SPIONs are required. While particles used for imaging should circulate for extended periods of time in the vascular system, SPIONs intended for MDT or hyperthermia should be accumulated in the target area to come into close proximity of, or to be incorporated into, specific tumor cells...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456118/dna-interaction-antimicrobial-anticancer-activities-and-molecular-docking-study-of-some-new-vo-ii-cr-iii-mn-ii-and-ni-ii-mononuclear-chelates-encompassing-quaridentate-imine-ligand
#15
Laila H Abdel-Rahman, Ahmed M Abu-Dief, Moustafa O Aboelez, Azza A Hassan Abdel-Mawgoud
The present study was conducted to synthesis of some new imine Cr(III), VO(II), Mn(II) and Ni(II) complexes derived from the condensation of 2-amino phenol with 2-hydroxynapthaldehyde were synthesized. The prepared HNPN imine ligand was analyzed by its melting point, IR, (1)H NMR and (13)C NMR spectroscopies. The investigated HNPN imine complexes were characterized by elemental analysis, FT IR, UV-vis and thermal analysis (TGA) under nitrogen atmosphere from ambient temperature to 750°C. The experimental results revealed that the investigated complexes contain hydrated water molecules...
April 9, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455616/development-and-application-of-anticancer-fluorescent-cds-nanoparticles-enriched-lactobacillus-bacteria-as-therapeutic-microbots-for-human-breast-carcinoma
#16
Ritu Raj, Surajit Das
Applications of probiotic bacteria and nanoparticles (NPs) as therapeutic agents have great importance. This study demonstrates a combinatorial approach of both the probiotic Lactobacillus spp. (Lactobacillus fermentum and Lactobacillus plantarum) with fluorescent cadmium sulfide (CdS) NPs as therapeutic agents to target MCF-7 cancer cells (human breast cancer cells). In this study, facultative anaerobic Lactobacillus was successfully used as a vehicle to transport NPs into MCF-7 cancer cells. The cell viability assay and invasion study along with confocal and field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) confirmed the release of payload (CdS NPs) into cytoplasm without any external stimuli...
April 28, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445606/structural-and-biological-properties-of-thermosensitive-chitosan-graphene-hybrid-hydrogels-for-sustained-drug-delivery-applications
#17
Leyla Saeednia, Li Yao, Marcus Berndt, Kim Cluff, Ramazan Asmatulu
Chitosan has the ability to make injectable thermosensitive hydrogels which has been highly investigated for drug delivery applications. The addition of nanoparticles is one way to increase the mechanical strength of thermosensitive chitosan hydrogel and subsequently and control the burst release of drug. Graphene nanoparticles have shown unique mechanical, optical and electrical properties which can be exploited for biomedical applications, especially in drug delivery. This study, have focused on the mechanical properties of a thermosensitive and injectable hybrid chitosan hydrogel incorporated with graphene nanoparticles...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441013/cytotoxicity-of-pyrazine-based-cyclometalated-c-n-pz-c-au-iii-carbene-complexes-impact-of-the-nature-of-the-ancillary-ligand-on-the-biological-properties
#18
Benoît Bertrand, Julio Fernandez-Cestau, Jesus Angulo, Marco M D Cominetti, Zoë A E Waller, Mark Searcey, Maria A O'Connell, Manfred Bochmann
The synthesis of a series of cyclometalated gold(III) complexes supported by pyrazine-based (C^N^C)-type pincer ligands is reported, including the crystal structure of a cationic example. The compounds provide a new platform for the study of antiproliferative properties of gold(III) complexes. Seven complexes were tested: the neutral series (C^N(pz)^C)AuX [X = Cl (1), 6-thioguanine (4), C≡CPh (5), SPh (6)] and an ionic series that included the N-methyl complex [(C^N(pzMe)^C)AuCl]BF4 (7) and the N-heterocyclic carbene complexes [(C^N(pz)^C)AuL](+) with L = 1,3-dimethylbenzimidazol-2-ylidene (2) or 1,3,7,9-tetramethylxanthin-8-ylidene (3)...
May 15, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422067/synthesis-characterization-antimicrobial-and-antiproliferative-activity-evaluation-of-cu-ii-co-ii-zn-ii-ni-ii-and-pt-ii-complexes-with-isoniazid-derived-compound
#19
Elena Pahonțu, Diana-Carolina Ilieș, Sergiu Shova, Camelia Oprean, Virgil Păunescu, Octavian Tudorel Olaru, Flavian Ștefan Rădulescu, Aurelian Gulea, Tudor Roșu, Doina Drăgănescu
Hydrazone complexes of Cu(II), Co(II), Zn(II), Ni(II) and Pt(II) with N-isonicotinoyl-N'-(3-metoxy-2 hydroxybenzaldehyde)-hydrazone (HL) were synthesized and characterized by different physico-chemical techniques including elemental and thermal analysis, magnetic susceptibility measurements, molar electric conductivity, as well as IR (infrared), ¹H-NMR and (13)C-NMR (hydrogen and carbon nuclear magnetic resonance, UV-Vis (ultraviolet-visible), FAB (fast atom bombardment), EPR (electron paramagnetic resonance), and mass spectroscopies...
April 19, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419079/predicting-breast-cancer-response-to-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-using-pretreatment-diffuse-optical-spectroscopic-texture-analysis
#20
William T Tran, Mehrdad J Gangeh, Lakshmanan Sannachi, Lee Chin, Elyse Watkins, Silvio G Bruni, Rashin Fallah Rastegar, Belinda Curpen, Maureen Trudeau, Sonal Gandhi, Martin Yaffe, Elzbieta Slodkowska, Charmaine Childs, Ali Sadeghi-Naini, Gregory J Czarnota
BACKGROUND: Diffuse optical spectroscopy (DOS) has been demonstrated capable of monitoring response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) in locally advanced breast cancer (LABC) patients. In this study, we evaluate texture features of pretreatment DOS functional maps for predicting LABC response to NAC. METHODS: Locally advanced breast cancer patients (n=37) underwent DOS breast imaging before starting NAC. Breast tissue parametric maps were constructed and texture analyses were performed based on grey-level co-occurrence matrices for feature extraction...
May 9, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
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